Download: SECTION STC STEERING CONTROL SYSTEM

STEERINGABSECTION STCCDESTEERING CONTROL SYSTEM CONTENTS F TCHIJKLMNOPBASIC INSPECTION ... 2 ECU DIAGNOSIS ...13 DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR WORK FLOW ... 2 POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT ...13 Work Flow ...2 Reference Value ...13 S Wiring Diagram - ELECTRONICALLY CON- FUNCTION DIAGNOSIS ... 3 TROLLED POWER STEERING SYSTEM - ...14 Fail-Safe ...15 EPS SYSTEM ... 3 System Diagram ...3 SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS ...17 System Description ...3 Component Parts Location ...5 UNBALANCE STEERING WHEEL TURNING Component Description ...5 FORCE (TORQUE VARIATION) ...17 Description ...17 COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS ... 6 Diagnosis P...
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Content

STEERING A B SECTION STC C D E STEERING CONTROL SYSTEM CONTENTS F TC H I J K L M N O P BASIC INSPECTION ... 2 ECU DIAGNOSIS ...13

DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR WORK FLOW ... 2 POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT ...13 Work Flow ...2 Reference Value ...13 S Wiring Diagram - ELECTRONICALLY CON-

FUNCTION DIAGNOSIS ... 3 TROLLED POWER STEERING SYSTEM - ...14

Fail-Safe ...15 EPS SYSTEM ... 3 System Diagram ...3 SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS ...17 System Description ...3 Component Parts Location ...5 UNBALANCE STEERING WHEEL TURNING Component Description ...5 FORCE (TORQUE VARIATION) ...17 Description ...17

COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS ... 6 Diagnosis Procedure ...17

POWER SUPPLY AND GROUND CIRCUIT ... 6 PRECAUTION ...18 Description ...6 Diagnosis Procedure ...6 PRECAUTIONS ...18 Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE ... 7 (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TEN- Description ...7 SIONER" ...18 Diagnosis Procedure ...7 Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rota- Component Inspection ...8 tion after Battery Disconnect ...18 ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT ... 9 ON-VEHICLE REPAIR ...19 Description ...9 Diagnosis Procedure ...9 POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT ...19 Exploded View ...19 VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT ...11 Removal and Installation ...19 Description ...11 Diagnosis Procedure ...11

STC-1

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DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR WORK FLOW

< BASIC INSPECTION >

BASIC INSPECTION DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR WORK FLOW Work Flow INFOID:0000000003893521

DETAILED FLOW 1.COLLECT THE INFORMATION FROM THE CUSTOMER It is also important to clarify customer complaints before inspection. First of all, reproduce symptoms and understand them fully. Ask customer about his/her complaints carefully. In some cases, it is necessary to check symptoms by driving vehicle with customer. CAUTION: Customers are not professional. It is dangerous to make an easy guess like “maybe the customer means that...,” or “maybe the customer mentions this symptom”. >> GO TO 2. 2.CHECK THE STATUS 1. Check the power steering fluid leakage and power steering fluid level. Refer to ST-7, "Inspection". 2. Check the drive belt tension. Refer to EM-12, "Checking". 3. Check the power steering gear for damages, cracks and fluid leakage. Refer to ST-26, "Inspection". 4. Check the relief oil pressure. Refer to ST-32, "Inspection". >> GO TO 3. 3.DIAGNOSIS CHART BY SYMPTOM Perform the diagnosis by symptom. Refer to STC-17, "Diagnosis Procedure". >> GO TO 4. 4.FINAL CHECK Check the input/output standard values for the power steering control unit. Are the power steering control unit input/output values within standard ranges respectively? YES >> INSPECTION END NO >> GO TO 2.

STC-2

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EPS SYSTEM A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< FUNCTION DIAGNOSIS >

FUNCTION DIAGNOSIS EPS SYSTEM System Diagram INFOID:0000000003893522 CONTROL DIAGRAM S

JSGIA0119GB

CROSS-SECTIONAL VIEW

JSGIA0376ZZ 1. Combination meter 2. Power steering control unit 3. Power steering solenoid valve 4. Steering gear assembly 5. Gear housing assembly 6. Gear sub-assembly 7. Pinion 8. Power steering oil pump 9. Reservoir tank

System Description INFOID:0000000003893523

• The EPS system controls the power steering solenoid valve through the power steering control unit.

STC-3

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EPS SYSTEM

< FUNCTION DIAGNOSIS > • The valve driving voltage to control the power steering solenoid valve varies according to the vehicle speed. JSGIA0374GB OPERATION PRINCIPLE During Parking (When Turning The Steering Wheel To The Right.) JSGIA0020GB 1. Power steering solenoid valve is closed while a vehicle is stopped. 2. Pinion “1R”, “2R” and “3R” are closed depending on steering torque of steering wheel. 3. Oil pressure “P” in the gear housing assembly is the sum of oil pressures occurred in “2R” and “3R”. This results in a light steering force because of high pressure. During High-speed Operation JSGIA0021GB 1. Power steering solenoid valve is opened during high-speed operation. 2. Pinion “1R”, “2R” and “3R” are closed depending on steering torque of steering wheel. 3. Oil pressure “2R” does not occur because the power steering solenoid valve is on full throttle. 4. Oil pressure “P” in the gear housing assembly includes only oil pressure occurred in “3R” and results in a heavy steering force.

STC-4

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EPS SYSTEM A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< FUNCTION DIAGNOSIS >

Component Parts Location INFOID:0000000003893524

JSGIA0406ZZ

S

1. Power steering solenoid valve 2. Power steering control unit A. Steering gear assembly B. Glove box assembly removed : Vehicle front

Component Description INFOID:0000000003893525

Component parts Reference/Function • Signals from various sensors control the driving voltage to the power steering solenoid valve. • The power steering control unit controls the driving voltage to the power steering solenoid valve Power steering control unit for maintaining the power steering assist force when the fail-safe function is activated. (The en- gine speed signals control EPS system if any vehicle speed signal error is detected.) Combination meter STC-11, "Description" ECM STC-9, "Description" Power steering solenoid valve STC-7, "Description"

STC-5

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POWER SUPPLY AND GROUND CIRCUIT

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS >

COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS POWER SUPPLY AND GROUND CIRCUIT Description INFOID:0000000003893526

Power supply to EPS system

Diagnosis Procedure INFOID:0000000003893527

1.CHECK POWER SUPPLY 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Disconnect power steering control unit harness connector. 3. Check voltage between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Voltage Connector Terminal M61 3 Ground0V4. Turn the ignition switch ON. CAUTION: Never start the engine. 5. Check voltage between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Voltage Connector Terminal M61 3 Ground Battery voltage Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 2. NO >> Check the following. If any items are damaged, repair or replace damaged parts. • 10A fuses (#3) open - Harness for short or open between ignition switch and power steering control unit harness con- nector No. 3 terminal. - Ignition switch. Refer to PCS-64, "Component Inspection". 2.CHECK GROUND CIRCUIT 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Check continuity between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Continuity Connector Terminal M61 6 Ground Existed Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 3. NO >> Repair open circuit or short to power in harness or connectors. 3.CHECK TERMINALS AND HARNESS CONNECTORS Check power steering control unit pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts.

STC-6

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POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS >

POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE Description INFOID:0000000003893528

Power steering solenoid valve controls the power steering oil pressure in the gear housing assembly.

Diagnosis Procedure INFOID:0000000003893529

1.CHECK POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE SIGNAL 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Check voltage between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Condition Voltage (Approx.) Connector Terminal Vehicle speed: 0 km/h (0 MPH) 4.4 – 6.6 V M61 1 Ground (Engine is running) Vehicle speed: 100 km/h (62 MPH) 2.4 – 3.6 V Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 2. NO >> GO TO 4. S 2.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE AND POWER STEERING CON- TROL UNIT 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Disconnect power steering solenoid valve harness connector. 3. Disconnect power steering control unit harness connector. 4. Check the continuity between power steering solenoid valve harness connector and the power steering control unit harness connector. Power steering solenoid valve Power steering control unit Continuity Connector Terminal Connector Terminal E52 1 M61 1 Existed E52 2 M61 5 Existed 5. Check continuity between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Continuity Connector Terminal M61 1 Ground Not existed M61 5 Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 3. NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts. 3.CHECK POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE Check power steering solenoid valve. Refer to STC-8, "Component Inspection". Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 4. NO >> Replace gear-sub assembly. Refer to ST-18, "Exploded View". 4.CHECK TERMINALS AND HARNESS CONNECTORS • Check power steering control unit pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. • Check power steering solenoid valve pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. Is the inspection result normal?

STC-7

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POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS > YES >> INSPECTION END NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts.

Component Inspection INFOID:0000000003893530

1.CHECK POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Disconnect power steering solenoid valve harness connector. 3. Check resistance between power steering solenoid valve connector terminals. Power steering solenoid valve Resistance (Approx.) Connector Terminal E52124– 6 Ω 4. Check power steering solenoid valve by listening for its operation sound while applying battery voltage to power steering solenoid valve connector E52 terminals 1 (positive) and 2 (negative). Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END NO >> Replace gear-sub assembly. Refer to ST-18, "Exploded View".

STC-8

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ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS >

ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT Description INFOID:0000000003893531

ECM sends engine speed signal to power steering control unit.

Diagnosis Procedure INFOID:0000000003893532

1.PERFORM ECM SELF-DIAGNOSIS With CONSULT-III 1. Turn the ignition switch ON. Perform ECM self-diagnosis. Refer to EC-113, "CONSULT-III Function". Is any DTC detected? YES >> Check the DTC. NO >> GO TO 2. 2.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN ECM AND POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Disconnect ECM harness connectors. 3. Disconnect power steering control unit harness connector. 4. Check continuity between ECM harness connector and power steering control unit harness connector.

S

ECM Power steering control unit Continuity Connector Terminal Connector Terminal E16 94 M61 10 Existed 5. Check continuity between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Continuity Connector Terminal M61 10 Ground Not existed Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 3. NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts. 3.CHECK ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL (1) 1. Connect ECM harness connectors. 2. Check signal between ECM harness connector and ground with oscilloscope.

STC-9

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ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS >

ECM

— Condition Voltage (Approx.) Connector Terminal Engine is running • Warm-up condition • Idle speed JSGIA0143ZZ E16 94 Ground Engine is running • Warm-up condition • Engine speed: Approx. 2,000 rpm PBIA3655J Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 4. NO >> Replace ECM. Refer to EC-14, "ADDITIONAL SERVICE WHEN REPLACING CONTROL UNIT : Description". 4.CHECK ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL (2) 1. Connect power steering control unit harness connector. 2. Check signal between power steering control unit harness connector and ground with oscilloscope. Power steering control unit — Condition Voltage (Approx.) Connector Terminal Engine is running • Warm-up condition • Idle speed JSGIA0143ZZ M61 10 Ground Engine is running • Warm-up condition • Engine speed: Approx. 2,000 rpm PBIA3655J Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 5. NO >> Replace power steering control unit. Refer to STC-19, "Exploded View". 5.CHECK TERMINALS AND HARNESS CONNECTORS • Check power steering control unit pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. • Check ECM pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts.

STC-10

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VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS >

VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT Description INFOID:0000000003893533

Combination meter sends vehicle speed signal to power steering control unit.

Diagnosis Procedure INFOID:0000000003893534

1.PERFORM COMBINATION METER SELF-DIAGNOSIS With CONSULT-III 1. Turn the ignition switch ON. 2. Perform combination meter self-diagnosis. Refer to MWI-33, "CONSULT-III Function (METER/M&A)". Is any DTC detected? YES >> Check the DTC. NO >> GO TO 2. 2.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN COMBINATION METER AND POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Disconnect combination meter harness connector. 3. Disconnect power steering control unit harness connector. 4. Check continuity between combination meter harness connector and power steering control unit harness connector. S Combination meter Power steering control unit Continuity Connector Terminal Connector Terminal M34 30 M61 8 Existed 5. Check continuity between power steering control unit harness connector and ground. Power steering control unit — Continuity Connector Terminal M61 8 Ground Not existed Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 3. NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts. 3.CHECK VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL (1) 1. Connect combination meter harness connector. 2. Check combination meter input/output standard values. Refer to MWI-53, "Reference Value". Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 4. NO >> Replace combination meter Refer to MWI-126, "Exploded View". 4.CHECK VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL (2) 1. Connect power steering control unit harness connector. 2. Check signal between power steering control unit harness connector and ground with oscilloscope.

STC-11

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VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL CIRCUIT

< COMPONENT DIAGNOSIS > Power steering control unit — Condition Voltage (Approx.) Connector Terminal Vehicle speed: 40 km/h (25 MPH) CAUTION: M61 8 Ground Check air pressure of tire under standard condition. JSNIA0015GB Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 5. NO >> Replace power steering control unit. Refer to STC-19, "Exploded View". 5.CHECK TERMINALS AND HARNESS CONNECTORS • Check power steering control unit pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. • Check combination meter pin terminals for damage or loose connection with harness connector. Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts.

STC-12

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POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< ECU DIAGNOSIS >

ECU DIAGNOSIS POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT Reference Value INFOID:0000000003893535 TERMINAL LAYOUT

JSGIA0023ZZ

PHYSICAL VALUES

Terminal No. Description S (Wire color) Condition Value (Approx.) Input/ + - Signal name Output Vehicle speed: 0 km/h (0 MPH) 1 Power steering solenoid 4.4 – 6.6 V Ground Output (Engine is running) (R/Y) valve voltage Vehicle speed: 100 km/h (62 MPH) 2.4 – 3.6V3Ignition switch power Ignition switch: ON Battery voltage Ground Input (G/W) supply Ignition switch: OFF0V5Power steering solenoid Ground — Always0V(LG) valve ground Ground Ground — Always0V(B) Vehicle speed: 40 km/h (25 MPH) 8 CAUTION: Ground Vehicle speed signal Input (L/B) Check air pressure of tire under standard condition. JSNIA0015GB Engine is running • Warm-up condition • Idle speed 10 JSGIA0143ZZ Ground Engine speed signal Input (V/W) Engine is running • Warm-up condition • Engine speed: Approx. 2,000 rpm PBIA3655J

STC-13

,

POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT

< ECU DIAGNOSIS > CAUTION: When using circuit tester or oscilloscope to measure voltage for inspection, be sure not to forcibly extend any connector ter- minals.

Wiring Diagram - ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED POWER STEERING SYSTEM -

INFOID:0000000003893536 JCGWM0089GB

STC-14

,

POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< ECU DIAGNOSIS >

S

JCGWM0090GB

Fail-Safe INFOID:0000000003893835 EPS system STC-15

,

POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT

< ECU DIAGNOSIS > • EPS system enters the fail-safe mode (that allows the steering force to be controlled without impairing the drivability) if any of the input/output values to/from EPS system (power steering control unit) deviate from the standard range. NOTE: The system enters the fail-safe mode if the engine speed remains at 1,500 rpm or more for over 10 seconds while the vehicle is stopped. This is normal. • The fail-safe function is canceled when a vehicle speed signal of 2 km/h (1.2 MPH) or more is inputted or the ignition switch is turned OFF→ON. EPS system restores the normal operation at that time. JSGIA0426GB Warn- Mode DTC Detection point (malfunction part) Error area and root cause ing lamp • Engine speed is 1,500 rpm or more and there is no vehicle speed signal input for over 10 seconds during vehicle travel. Fail-safe — — Vehicle speed signal input • Vehicle speed signal has abruptly dropped from 30 km/h (19 function MPH) or more to 2 km/h (1.2 MPH) or less within 1.4 sec- onds.

STC-16

,

UNBALANCE STEERING WHEEL TURNING FORCE (TORQUE VARIATION) A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS UNBALANCE STEERING WHEEL TURNING FORCE (TORQUE VARIA- TION) Description INFOID:0000000003893538

• Hard steering when fully turning the steering wheel. • Light steering when driving at a high speed.

Diagnosis Procedure INFOID:0000000003893539

1.CHECK SYSTEM FOR POWER SUPPLY AND GROUND Perform trouble diagnosis for power supply and ground. Refer to STC-6, "Diagnosis Procedure". Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 2. NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts. 2.CHECK SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL Perform trouble diagnosis for vehicle speed signal. Refer to STC-11, "Diagnosis Procedure". Is the inspection result normal? S YES >> GO TO 3. NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts. 3.CHECK SYSTEM FOR ENGINE SPEED SIGNAL Perform trouble diagnosis for engine speed signal. Refer to STC-9, "Diagnosis Procedure". Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 4. NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts. 4.CHECK SYSTEM FOR POWER STEERING SOLENOID VALVE Perform trouble diagnosis for power steering solenoid valve. Refer to STC-7, "Diagnosis Procedure". Is the inspection result normal? YES >> Perform the symptom diagnosis for the steering system. Refer to ST-2, "NVH Troubleshooting Chart". NO >> Repair or replace damaged parts.

STC-17

,

PRECAUTIONS

< PRECAUTION >

PRECAUTION PRECAUTIONS Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER" INFOID:0000000003971959

The Supplemental Restraint System such as “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER”, used along with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the “SRS AIRBAG” and “SEAT BELT” of this Service Manual. WARNING: • To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision which would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer. • Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see the “SRS AIRBAG”. • Never use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Ser- vice Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or harness connectors.

Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation after Battery Disconnect

INFOID:0000000003893541 NOTE: • Before removing and installing any control units, first turn the push-button ignition switch to the LOCK posi- tion, then disconnect both battery cables. • After finishing work, confirm that all control unit connectors are connected properly, then re-connect both battery cables. • Always use CONSULT-III to perform self-diagnosis as a part of each function inspection after finishing work. If a DTC is detected, perform trouble diagnosis according to self-diagnosis results. This vehicle is equipped with a push-button ignition switch and a steering lock unit. If the battery is disconnected or discharged, the steering wheel will lock and cannot be turned. If turning the steering wheel is required with the battery disconnected or discharged, follow the procedure below before starting the repair operation. OPERATION PROCEDURE 1. Connect both battery cables. NOTE: Supply power using jumper cables if battery is discharged. 2. Carry the Intelligent Key or insert it to the key slot and turn the push-button ignition switch to ACC position. (At this time, the steering lock will be released.) 3. Disconnect both battery cables. The steering lock will remain released with both battery cables discon- nected and the steering wheel can be turned. 4. Perform the necessary repair operation. 5. When the repair work is completed, re-connect both battery cables. With the brake pedal released, turn the push-button ignition switch from ACC position to ON position, then to LOCK position. (The steering wheel will lock when the push-button ignition switch is turned to LOCK position.) 6. Perform self-diagnosis check of all control units using CONSULT-III.

STC-18

,

POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT A B C D E F TC H I J K L M N O P

< ON-VEHICLE REPAIR >

ON-VEHICLE REPAIR POWER STEERING CONTROL UNIT Exploded View INFOID:0000000003893542 S

JSGIA0407ZZ 1. Steering member 2. Power steering control unit : Vehicle front

Removal and Installation INFOID:0000000003893543 REMOVAL

1. Remove glove box assembly. Refer to IP-11, "Exploded View". 2. Disconnect power steering control unit connector. 3. Remove power steering control unit.

INSTALLATION

Install in the reverse order of removal.

STC-19

]
15

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CHAPTER SEVEN Think Yourself Healthy You are born with self-corrective potential for health. An ill body occurs when the harmonious balance of mind and body is upset. But you can think yourself healthy; how you think and what you feel influences your physical health. The reverse is also true: if you
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CONTENTS
CONTENTS Basics... 2 Keystroke basics... 2 Introduction ... 2 First things to understand ... 2 The Script Editor ... 4 The “Edit” button ... 4 The “Tools” button ... 5 Event Tester... 5 Device Analyzer ... 7 Running a script ... 8 Script contents ... 9 Minimal file contents ... 9 Target.tmh ... 9 Th