Download: Mark Lauren is a certified Military Physical Training Specialist, Special Op- erations Combat Controller, triathlete, and champion Thai boxer. He has ef-

Mark Lauren is a certified Military Physical Training Specialist, Special Op- erations Combat Controller, triathlete, and champion Thai boxer. He has ef- fectively prepared nearly a thousand trainees for the extreme demands of the most elite levels of the Special Operations community. As an experienced op- erator in mission planning and execution of airfield seizures, combat search & rescue, close air support, and reconnaissance & surveillance missions, he trained troops capable of immediate deployment into areas of forward com- bat operation by military freefall, static-line, all-terrain vehi...
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Mark Lauren is a certified Military Physical Training Specialist, Special Op- erations Combat Controller, triathlete, and champion Thai boxer. He has ef- fectively prepared nearly a thousand trainees for the extreme demands of the most elite levels of the Special Operations community. As an experienced op- erator in mission planning and execution of airfield seizures, combat search & rescue, close air support, and reconnaissance & surveillance missions, he trained troops capable of immediate deployment into areas of forward com- bat operation by military freefall, static-line, all-terrain vehicles, overland, scuba, and other amphibious means. Joshua Clark is the author of Heart Like Water: Surviving Katrina and Life in its Disaster Zone, a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle award. His work has appeared in many newspapers, magazines, and anthologies. He is also a certified personal trainer who has not set foot in a gym since Hurricane Ka- trina closed his fitness center; yet thanks to working on this book, he never stopped training, and is now in the best shape of his life., Come say hi at Other books from Light of New Orleans Publishing: French Quarter Fiction: The Newest Stories of America’s Oldest Bohemia Southern Fried Divorce by Judy Conner Back in America by Barry Gifford How You Can Kill Al Qaeda (in 3 easy steps) by Howard Clark Come see us at to order signed books with free shipping.,

You Are Your Own Gym

Mark Lauren and Joshua Clark, Light of New Orleans Publishing, LLC 828 Royal Street, Suite 307 New Orleans, LA 70116 USA Copyright ! 2010 by Mark Lauren and Joshua Clark All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system without prior written permission from the publisher. Manufactured in the United States of America. You Are Your Own Gym is intended for healthy adults, age eighteen and over. These exercises and programs are solely for educational and informational purposes. This information is in no way intended to be medical advice. Please consult a medical or health professional before you begin any new exercise or nutrition program, or if you have any questions or concerns about your health. The publisher and the authors do not assume any responsibility for your use of information in this book. While the authors have made every effort to provide accurate Internet addresses at the time of publication, neither the publisher nor the authors assume any responsibility for errors, or for changes that occur after publication. Back cover photograph by ZenShui/Frederic Cirou, courtesy of Getty Images. Outdoor photographs of Mark Lauren: Laura Wong. Exercise demonstration female model: Shea Garrison. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Lauren, Mark, 1972- You are your own gym : the bible of bodyweight exercises / Mark Lauren and Joshua Clark. p. cm. ISBN 978-0-9714076-1-9 (alk. paper) 1. Bodybuilding. 2. Weight training. I. Clark, Joshua, 1975- II. Title. GV546.6.W64L38 2010 613.7'13-dc22,


Forward! 1 ! Mission Success: Lean, Strong, and Confident…1 2 ! How I Got Here…4 3 ! Why Bodyweight Exercises?…9 4 ! Why Strength Training?…12 5 ! So What Is “Fitness,” Anyway?…16 6 ! Nutrition…19 7 ! Common Strength Training Myths...34 8 ! Motivation...39 9 ! Intensity...45 10 ! Training Tools...49 11 ! The Exercises...53 12 ! The Program...138 Appendix 1: Household Equipment...166 Appendix 2: The 6 Necessary Training Principles behind Any Successful Fitness Program...168 Appendix 3: The Science behind the Program...169, In Memory of Major William “Brian” Downs Captain Jeremy J. Fresques “FS” Captain Derek M. Argel “AL” & Staff Sergeant Casey J. Crate “CE”,


by John T. Carney Jr., Colonel USAF Colonel Carney has received numerous medals and awards for being at the forefront of every mission involving our nation’s Special Operations Forces since the mid-1970s. I can unequivocally state You Are Your Own Gym is a must read for anyone truly interested in their well-being. These principles, exercises, and programs will guide you to your highest fitness potential. The credibility of all fitness authors comes from the men and women they have trained, typically movie stars and other famous persona. But the fitness of these celebrities is only achieved through countless hours spent one-on-one with a high-priced Hollywood trainer, while cooks are preparing their meals, housekeepers cleaning their homes, and as- sistants looking after their every need. Lauren’s method, on the other hand, is for real men and women with real lives. You Are Your Own Gym separates itself from all other books by giving its readers the ability to train alone anywhere, any time, without the crutch of per- sonal trainers and gyms. In my book No Room for Error, I detail the involvement of U.S. Special Tactics Forces in operations ranging from the Iran hostage rescue to more recent ones in Afghanistan. The death-defying tasks that these troops accomplished and the hardships they endured were due to the incredible physical ability that matched their iron wills. Without it, their chances of success and survival would have been greatly compromised. It is only through the use of bodyweight exercises and sound training principles that these elite forces are able to maintain their astounding fitness at all times, regardless of time and equipment con- straints. The Special Operations community has developed the most effective and time efficient methods of training out of necessity. More than thirty years ago I was a fitness instructor at some of the same schools as Mark. I have seen the old and the new, and the methods of developing elite athletes have come a very long way, due in great part to Mark’s leadership. Through the continuous application of the most up-to-date principles in sports physiology, attrition and injuries have been minimized while producing faster, stronger, and leaner sol- diers. This book comes to us at a time when, despite their best intentions, most people are too crunched for time and money to devote enough of either to attaining their fitness goals. In this age of information we are bombarded with incorrect advice, useless gadgets and pills, and pure hype. The methods outlined by Mark Lauren are proven and time tested. I know because I’ve seen his results. I’ve commanded the best of the best, and Mark’s training has helped make them that way. Now he has honed his program into one for every man and woman. In the 1970s Arnold Schwarzenegger showed the world the gym’s potential, and it is said that he launched a thousand of them. Now it’s time to harness the body’s potential. This is the new fitness revolution., 1. MISSION SUCCESS:

Lean, Strong, and Confident

I WANT YOU TO UNDERSTAND, unlike many other fitness authors, I do not train movie stars, television celebrities, models, or other personalities whose livelihoods hinge on being fit. I train those whose lives do. For a decade I’ve used bodyweight exercises to create the leanest, strongest, most confident people of our civilization. I honed the programs and myriad exercises in this book while preparing hundreds of trainees for the extreme demands of the most elite levels of the United States Special Op- erations community. I have spent years developing new training principles, and observing the results. A stellar record lead the top command to buy into my system. The military’s most advanced forces—from Navy SEALs to Army Green Berets to Air Force Special Tactics Operators—use these exercises as the backbone to their strength training, and now I bring them to you. Now, for the first time, men and women outside SpecOps have the opportu- nity to reach the pinnacle of fitness, with an amazingly small sacrifice of your time. Clear, concise, and complete, I bring these exercises into your living room, bedroom, hotel room, garage, yard, office, wherever you like. They are for people of all athletic ability levels, tai- lored to suit the needs and lifestyles of today’s busy women and men. No book like this has existed before. Yet for thousands of years—from Ancient Greece’s Olympic athletes to tomorrow’s Special Operations forces—humanity’s greatest physical specimens have not relied on fitness centers in their towns or dumbbells in their homes. What if I told you that you already have the most advanced fitness machine ever cre- ated? Your own body. And what’s so great about this fitness machine is that it’s always, there. It is the one and only thing you are never without. And now you’re holding in your hand all the additional exercise equipment you’ll ever need again. It’s no longer necessary to spend hours and hours at a gym. In fact, you won’t have to go to a gym at all. The time spent training, wherever you may be, will be minimal. Two hours per week. That’s it. With these workouts you will not waste a single moment of your valued time using ineffective training methods. And no longer will you be able to use the #1 excuse for not training: “I don’t have the time.” Whether you’re a part-time fitness enthusiast, Olympic gymnast, bodybuilder, yogi, or someone who hasn’t lifted anything but the groceries in years, my program will get you into the best shape of your life. You’ll find an incomparable selection of the 111 most effective exercises to work any muscle you want, anywhere you want, for the rest of your life. With these clearly demonstrated and explained exercises you’ll be able to construct your own training programs, catering to your needs and desires, that can be changed and modified in a virtually infinite amount of ways. Keeping your muscles guessing is how you keep them growing. But for those who want the direction, I’ve laid out 10-week programs for all levels of fitness, programs that will lead to success where others have failed you before. You’ll only workout 20 to 30 minutes a day, 4 or 5 times a week. I strongly recommend at least starting out with one of these programs. They combine the secrets to what made ancient warriors so strong, with the world’s most effective and modern training principles. These programs will increase the strength of important muscle groups needed in every- day living, keep your muscles and joints supple and flexible, improve the efficiency and ca- pacity of the heart, lungs and other body organs, reduce susceptibility to common injuries as well as degenerative heart diseases, and reduce emotional and nervous tension. The benefits are never-ending. And success in your fitness program will inevitably lead to suc- cess in the other aspects of your life, both work and play. This book can replace all other fitness programs in a person’s life, or be used as a sup- plement to your regular program, as a way to change things up from the same ol’ borrrrrrrring routine in your fitness center, or even just to take on the road when you can’t find a gym. Variety is the spice of life. Forget about doing the same sets and exercises day in and day out, maybe hitting the same treadmill every day, like a gerbil trapped in a wheel. And there’s no need to change clothes, pack a gym bag, drive, park, find a locker, find an open machine… then, after a long, boring workout, do the whole process in reverse. You just start, whether at home, in your office, or a hotel room, and 20 – 30 minutes later you’re finished. You’ll find no rhetorical filler in this book. No “before” photos of people pale and frowning with their glasses on, next to “after” photos of them tanned, smiling, flexing, and sucking their shaved and oiled tummies in. The proof has been before our eyes since man became man. In fact, even before that—why do you think monkeys are pound for pound stronger than humans? (Hint: It’s not because they have Gold’s Gym memberships.) 2 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Do you really think that we evolved or were created to require machines in order to stay fit? It’s lack of knowledge about your own body’s potential that drives modern man- kind’s endless demand for useless fitness gimmicks. When in fact the solution to ultimate fitness is surprisingly simple. Though it’s up to you to apply it. Free yourself from the de- pendency on gadgets, trainers, and common misconceptions. They are all crutches, keeping you from getting into the best shape possible. It’s a call back to nature. Your fitness should be dependent on nothing other than yourself. Mission Success 3, 2. HOW I GOT HERE MY TEAMMATES WERE SPREAD throughout the length of the pool, ready to pull me up, be- cause I was eventually going to pass out underwater. But for now, I stood in the water breathing and relaxing, getting ready to try to break the military’s long-standing underwater record. I would need to swim underwater, on a single breath, for more than 116 meters. That’s a good deal more than a football field, with the end zones included. Four months before, I could barely make 25 meters. Everyone in the pool and on the deck was quiet, patiently waiting and watching me as I stood chest deep in the water. I knew this was going to suck, but I was committed. For the first time, I was alone in this, just me, without my team. It was surreal. I was calm, relaxed, aware. I was ready. My anxiety had evaporated. Without a thought, I took my last deep breath, went subsurface, and pushed off the pool wall. You had to graduate one of the military’s toughest selection courses to get on the record board, and with an 85% attrition rate, weekly evaluations, and an instructor staff dedicated to exploiting your weaknesses, graduation was far from a sure thing. In fact, it had already eluded me once. My first time around, for 9 grueling weeks I fought tooth and nail to stay in the course. I’d be lying if I said quitting never tempted me. It tempted me every day, especially at the, pool and in the mornings when a full night’s rest felt like a 5-minute nap. Every weekend, my precious time off was spent learning to swim with fins and performing the various un- derwater exercises. At last, my final evaluation consisted of a 6-mile run in 42.5 minutes, 14 Pull Ups, 65 Push Ups, 12 Chin Ups, 70 Sit Ups, a 4000-meter fin swim in 80 minutes, and 7 torturous underwater confidence or “water-con” events. The fin swim was done with big thick rubber fins and booties that could push a large man with uniform and equipment through the water. You could not use your arms since it wouldn’t be strategic for a team to swim ashore with arms flailing and splashing above the water. All calisthenics had to be done with perfect form. Each student’s repetitions were counted and scrutinized by an in- structor, and improperly executed reps weren’t counted. Instructors shouted, “Didn’t count, didn’t count… Those didn’t count... Your back is slouching... Not all the way up... Not all the way down!” Staff Sergeant Pope counted my Sit Ups during the final evaluation, and of all the cadre, he was the most feared for his unreasonable treatment of trainees. “Those didn’t count, Lauren. Your hands are too high up on your head,” he said, shortly before failing me by 2 Sit Ups because of the position of my hands. That was all it took. On the last day of training, I got sent back to the junior class that was in week 1. My original class gradu- ated 4 out of an initial 86. I walked back to the dorm as my team ran by in formation sing- ing a jody about their last day. I seriously considered quitting. But the last nine weeks had taught me something I would use for the rest of my life. A successful team was one that was made up of individuals that were able to set themselves aside. We were trained to set aside personal comfort for the common goal of the team. And that training applied as much to a team as it did an individual. Success is about you— and no one but you—letting go of everything that conflicts with your goal. So I started over from scratch. Daily, we got smoked for hours doing exercises in the San Antonio summer sun, on top of the course’s regularly scheduled workouts that con- sisted of a 60-minute run, 2 hours of cals, water-con, and an hour of finning. But it was al- ways getting started in the morning that was the hardest. On average, we did an extra 500 team Push Ups throughout the day, but really it didn’t matter. We eventually learned that no matter how tired, stiff, and lethargic we felt, once we got warmed-up again, we were alright. Every time we entered or left the school house we had to do either 15 Pull Ups, 13 Chin Ups, 20 Dips, or 20 Chinese Push Ups. Once we each had to do 1000 team Push Ups without getting up except once for 5 minutes to use the latrine. For three and half hours, as a team, we did 5 Push Ups at a time, resting be- tween sets by putting our butts in the air or slouching at the waist. 1000 Push Ups (+1 for teamwork) for having too much tape on our snorkels. But bad as any of these smoke sessions ever were, the worst was always the pool. During the first few weeks of training, trainees would joke and chat on the way to the pool. By week 6, the bus rides were filled with silent dread. You could here a pin drop. It was the pool that caused the majority of the course’s tremendous attrition rate. You could quit at How I Got Here 5, any time. If you decide that it isn’t for you, just say it: “I quit.” In the middle of any event you could get out of the pool and go eat pizza in your room. Monday through Friday we went to the pool, and trainees could only get out of the pool one of three ways: Successfully complete the events, quit, or pass out trying—in which case you would get pulled out just long enough to regain consciousness before going back in to accomplish the task, quit, or pass out again. Screwing up an event meant that you would have to do it again and each following attempt got harder and harder, especially events like equipment recovery—diving to the bottom of the pool, removing all our equip- ment and placing it in perfect order on the bottom, then putting it all on again before in- spection—or knot-tying—we had to tie three different knots perfectly 12’ underwater—that required you to tread water between dives. We learned to commit, stay down, and get through it the first time no matter how bad it hurt. It was all about being fully committed. Commitment equaled success. This was INDOC—9 weeks of sucking it up for the team while 9 instructors tried to make as many of us quit as possible. My second time around, a team of 12 made it to the final evaluation and all passed but one. A teammate failed the 4000-meter fin. We would be go- ing back to the pool one last time so he could take his re’eval. My time had come. I remember sitting on the bus, regretting that I had mentioned challenging the under- water record. I knew my teammates wouldn’t let it slide, and before long, one called me out. “So you really want a shot at the record?” he asked. “You really gonna do it?” I wanted to break his nose, but instead choked out a “Yeah.” I was committed, and he laughed at my upcoming misery. But he was right, it was time to walk the walk. As our teammate took his re’eval finning for 78 minutes, I sat on the side of the pool relaxing and breathing. I had a daunting task ahead of me. The discomfort of not breath- ing is overwhelming, and I knew that once I started, I wasn’t going to be above the surface of that water until my teammates pulled me out unconscious. I had committed myself to breaking one hell of a record. A1C Switzer, a 6’ 3” collegiate swimmer, had set the record at 116 meters. When I first got into the course, I remember saying that of all the records, the underwater record was the most impressive. A 116-meter underwater to a trainee that is struggling with 25-meter underwaters seems god-like, and here I was, four months later, at the end of my second class, getting ready to challenge it. With my feet on the gunnel, I sounded off: “Ready to enter the water, Sergeant!” “Enter the water!” replied the instructor. “Entering the water, Sergeant!” I stood at the side of the pool breathing and relaxing for a few more minutes as my teammates waited for me, ready to pull me out when the time came. I took my last deep breath, went subsurface, and pushed off the wall. I was utterly alone. After two months of nonstop teamwork, I could suddenly neither see nor hear anyone or anything but myself. My total focus was on my stroke and relax- 6 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, ing. Stroke, glide, relax… Stroke, glide, relax… until finally my body started cursing me for not breathing. But my goal was in place. And my comfort would not interfere. At the 50-meter point, just as the discomfort was starting to seriously crank up, I had a fleeting thought of standing up out of the water and laughing it off, but I couldn’t do it. Your mind always looks for a way out when things really get difficult. Relaxing, maintain- ing good form, and pressing on when the body and mind beg you to do otherwise tests your resolve. Stroke, glide, relax… Stroke, glide, relax… Tension, panic, anxiety make massive withdrawals on a very limited and precious oxygen supply. I had to stay relaxed long enough to get through the worst of it. Stroke, glide, relax… Stroke, glide, relax… Eventually the discomfort eases once your brain and other body tissues are starved of oxygen and you be- come hypoxic. It seemed an eternity before I got to that point, but eventually the lights dimmed, my peripherals vanished, things weren’t so bad after all, and the tunnel got smaller and smaller until... I woke up on the other side of the pool, pale and blue-lipped. “Did I get it?” I mum- bled. I wasn’t able to remember swimming the whole length of the pool, nor passing out just as I reached the wall. I had started sinking at that point, and my teammates jumped in and yanked me out. I began breathing again. I had just set the new record—one I still hold— at 133 meters, after swimming subsurface, on one breath, for two minutes and twenty-three seconds. I feel your pain. Years later, I became the instructor. How I Got Here 7, I’LL ADMIT, MY FIRST FORAY INTO FITNESS was driven by nothing more than body image. I was 13, a scrawny, shy kid, and I wanted to do something about it. I set out to change my physique into one I could show off with pride. I had no access to weights, so I did Push Ups and Sit Ups in my bedroom before dinner. Until I could do 75 non-stop Push Ups and 600 Sit Ups. Then I did more. I became a stronger version of myself in every way, and confidence in all I did soared, including winning regional high school bodybuilding titles. Many years later, at the Pararescue & Combat Control Indoctrination Course, if we weren’t running, swimming, or holding our breath, we were performing some type of bodyweight exercise. Training lasted from 5 am to 6 pm, Monday through Saturday, and by the end of the nine week course there was only a small handful of us remaining, less than 15%. The high rate of attrition was largely due to overtraining. Though the training men- tality of that time was amazingly effective at shattering young men’s perceived limitations, it was not ideal for optimal fitness. Once on team, at the 22nd Special Tactics Squadron, I continued to use bodyweight ex- ercises to keep myself physically fit and able to meet the extreme demands of airfield sei- zures, combat search & rescue, and reconnaissance & surveillance missions. Five days before September 11, I left my team to become a full-time Military Physical Training Specialist. It became my responsibility to prepare trainees to meet the demands of immediate deployment into areas of forward combat operation. After Sep 11th, the demand for SpecOps soldiers went through the roof. The career field needed numbers. The days of graduating only 5 - 15% of the original class had to end. The cadre was forced to look at its training methods. We used to be old school: More is better—run the trainees into the dirt and make them hard, or get rid of them. Changing to “less is more” wasn’t easy, but necessity forced us, and we were in the perfect environment to learn quickly what worked and what didn’t. Every six weeks I got a new shipment of un- trained recruits. Most came to me soft and weak. By the end of the course, they were lean, strong, and confident. By applying the most up-to-date strength and conditioning principles and sports sci- ence, I was able to produce better results with only a fraction of the time and less injuries. I experimented with varied volume and intensity, day to day, week to week, and included sensible recovery and progression. I revamped the courses’ physical training programs, and personally tailored these programs and diets to suit the individual needs of candidates, and then monitored their progress. Amazingly, despite limited space, time, and equipment, as well as larger classes, I was able to cut the course’s attrition rate by 40%. And in every class I taught, at least one of my students captured the coveted Army Special Forces Honor Graduate award. Quite simply, I built a training method superior to any other in developing muscular, lean, physically fit bodies as fast as possible. And now I share it with you. Embrace the exercises and principles in this book and you will become fitter and stronger than you’ve ever been. It’s in your hands, literally, starting right now. 8 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 3. WHY


THE POPULARITY OF TRAINING EQUIPMENT, systems, and fad diets is mostly the result of marketing—not a genuine attempt to help a generally out-of-shape society reach higher lev- els of fitness and well-being. In this age, where our homes and gyms are cluttered with fit- ness gadgets, the simplest and most effective method for developing strength and losing fat has been largely overlooked—knowing how to train using nothing more than your body. Even outside of SpecOps, the efficacy of bodyweight exercises has been proven time and again. Take, for example, Madonna, Bruce Lee, or the USSR’s two-time Olympic gold medalist Alexeev—arguably the strongest man in the world in his time—who was the first to clean and jerk 500 pounds, or Dallas Cowboys running back Herschel Walker who gained more yards than anyone in professional football history (and had a body to match). They, and countless others, primarily used bodyweight exercises to attain their ultimate physique and fitness. Most weight training exercises isolate only certain muscles, requiring a fairly small por- tion of your body’s total muscle mass, unlike bodyweight exercises that incorporate many at once. These exercises have the added benefit of being much more demanding of core strength (6-pack anyone?) than exercises that require weights and machines. Bodyweight exercises also use motions that keep you safe from the many chronic inju- ries, like joint problems, that come over time with weightlifting and other unnatural exer- cises which have little functional value in our daily lives. For an exercise or workout to be functional, it must resemble the event being trained for as closely as possible. The perform- ance demands of the average person consist mainly of manipulating their own bodyweight throughout the day. So what could be more functional for developing better strength in day-to-day activities than bodyweight movements? But between couch potatoing and bench pressing—sitting on your butt and lying on your back—we’ve got a nation of functional, weaklings. Seriously, when was the last time, outside of using gym benches or machines, that you exerted yourself while sitting or lying down? (While you were alone, I mean. ;-) ) For too long these exercises have gone largely unnoticed by popular culture. Other than running and swimming, most people haven’t been raised to use their body alone for exer- cise. The exploding popularity of yoga and pilates is a great example of the worth of body- weight movements, although these methods, when used alone, utterly lack a systematic ap- proach to developing all-around fitness. My program has the advantage of making you proficient at using the one thing that you are never without: Your body. You will develop greater strength, power, muscular and car- diovascular endurance, speed, balance, coordination, and flexibility. Combined with a good diet and consistency, it will reward you with continuous results, challenges, and much greater body control. The workouts can be done anywhere, anytime, and without costly gym memberships or equipment. With that said, even for those that insist on lifting weights, these exercises are a valuable addition. You will be training as Achilles did before battle on the shores of Troy, training as an- cient warriors the world over knew was best, training as future SpecOps warriors will to meet their own foes. Why? Because it works. MYTH: BODYWEIGHT EXERCISES DON’T ALLOW YOU TO ADJUST THE DIFFICULTY OF AN EXERCISE There’s a common misperception out there that bodyweight exercise options are limited. Push Ups, Pull Ups, Sit Ups—and not much else. Hmmmm… Did I mention that there’s over 111 different exercises in this book? And that’s not including their variations. The fact is there’s a far wider array of exercises in this book than there are machines in any gym in the world. Other people think it’s impossible to work certain muscle groups with bodyweight ex- ercises. Wrong again. Every single muscle group, and some you didn’t know existed can be worked without weights—from getting rid of a pencil neck to using your shin muscles to round out your calves. The only limiting factor with bodyweight exercises is your creativity. Every weightlifting motion can be mimicked, made harder or easier, with your own bodyweight. And unlike those machines in the gym, there are seemingly infinite ways to vary any of my exercises, keeping your muscles guessing and growing for the rest of your life. For example, I detail Push Ups that even a 600-pound man (or 70 year-old woman, for that matter) could do. And then there’s ones, like the Planche Push Up, most professional bodybuilders won’t be able to execute without lots of practice. My 10-week program actu- 10 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, ally comes with specific workouts laid out for different ability groups, so that everyone will be challenged equally. Here are the four simple ways of changing the difficulty of an exercise without adding weight: • Increase or decrease the amount of leverage. • Perform an exercise on an unstable platform. • Use pauses at the beginning, end, and/or middle of a movement. • Turn an exercise into a single limb movement. Again, let’s take the Push Up, a standard exercise that works your chest, shoulders, tri- ceps, abs, obliques, and lower back (unlike benching which only works half of these). If you do Push Ups standing up with your hands against a wall a couple of feet in front of you, the exercise is pretty easy. Then try them with your hands on an elevated surface, like the edge of a bureau or windowsill. The lower the surface you use—a desk, a couch, a coffee ta- ble, telephone books—the harder it gets. Putting your hands on the floor, like a standard Push Up, is harder. If we put our feet on the coffee table and our hands on the ground, the exercise becomes significantly more difficult. This is using leverage to increase the exercise’s difficulty. To make the exercise still harder we could place our hands on one or two balls, like a basketball. Now we’re using an unstable surface. Still harder would be to do basketball Push Ups with pauses at the bottom. Still not hard enough? Try doing them one-handed on the floor. Then one-handed with your feet on the couch. Then on an unstable surface. Then with pauses... You get the idea. And this is only a simple example that can be repeated with many of my exercises. You’ll see the possibilities are endless. So there you have it: We’ve gone from one variation of an exercise, that probably eve- ryone reading this book can do, to a more difficult variation that probably no one reading this book can do right off the bat. The difficulty of bodyweight exercises can be tailored to suit the needs of virtually anyone. You have total control of the resistance. Why Bodyweight Exercises? 11, 4. WHY STRENGTH TRAINING? (or Why Cardio Is a Waste of Your Time) WHETHER YOU WANT TO LOSE FAT, gain muscle, or do both, strength training should be the core of your conditioning. Aerobic activity, on the other hand, is inefficient and inef- fective no matter your goal. It is a myth that doing prolonged steady state training—usually maintaining a target heart rate for 30 to 60 minutes—like aerobics or “cardio” is the best way to burn calories and achieve cardiovascular health. Ever plod along on a treadmill that tells you the number of calories burned? You might go 45 minutes before you hit 300 calories. Well, guess what? That’s 300 total calories burned in that time, and not 300 calories above what your baseline metabolism would have burned anyway, even while at rest. That’s the reason the exercise machine asks your weight: To calculate your baseline metabolic rate. The average male burns 105 calories at rest in 45 minutes. Those 195 extra calories that the exercise actually burned—only 195 calories more than if you had been taking a nap—can be undone by half a plain bagel in half a minute. And aerobic exercise typically spurns your appetite enough to more than offset those few actual calories burned. Here’s the skinny: One pound of fat can fuel the body for up to 10 hours of continu- ous activity. If we were so metabolically inefficient as to burn calories at the rate the exer- cise equipment advertises, we would never have survived for so long, and certainly not en- dured the hardship of the Ice Ages. The calories expended hunting and gathering would have caused us to die of starvation long before we ever found a Wooly Mammoth. By to- day’s standards, we would hardly have enough metabolic economy to survive a trip to the super market, let alone hump it across enemy lines for a week-long reconnaissance mission with 120 pounds of gear. More bad news for aerobic activity: Whether it’s running, cycling, or a step class, the main reason it gets easier the more you do it, is not because of improved cardiovascular conditioning, but because of improved economy of motion. For the most part, it doesn’t get easier because of muscular endurance, but because your body is becoming more effi- cient at that particular movement. You require less strength and oxygen than you did be-, fore because your body’s nervous system is adapting. Wasted movements are eliminated, necessary movements are refined, and muscles that don’t need to be tensed are relaxed and eventually atrophied. This is why marathon runners will huff and puff if they cycle for the first time in years. Aerobic training actually causes muscle wasting because the body is programmed to adapt to whatever demands we place on it. Long low-intensity aerobic training only re- quires the smallest and weakest, “slow-twitch” muscle fibers to fire off again and again. The other, stronger and larger, “fast-twitch” muscle fibers are not necessary for the task and be- come a burden to carry and supply with oxygen. The body has no demand for extra muscle beyond what is needed to perform a relatively easy movement over and over. So your body adapts by actually burning muscle. The reason many people gain weight as they age, especially beginning in their 30s, is because they have less muscle than they had in their late teens and early twenties. As we age, our bodies naturally lose muscle, especially as we are less active in our lives. This mus- cle tissue loss results in a decreasing metabolic rate. And then, if you continue to eat like you did when you were younger… well, you’ll slowly gain weight, pound by pound, month by month, year by year, until one day you look in the mirror and wonder, “What hap- pened?” The key to eliminating accumulated body fat is regaining your youthful metabo- lism by regaining your muscle. Muscle is the most metabolically expensive tissue we have: It takes between 50 and 100 calories a day just to keep one pound of muscle alive, for both men and women, even if you are completely inactive. An extra five pounds of muscle can burn up to 15,000 calories in a month—that’s the equivalent of two pounds of fat. Muscle is the single greatest tool for weight loss. Increased muscle mass let’s you lose weight with less attention paid to calorie counting and food selection. But with consistent aerobic exercise, over time, you’re far more likely to burn five pounds of muscle. That means your body will burn at least 250 less calories a day. And as your body becomes more efficient at running, that 195 calories you burn on the treadmill will decrease to about 125. So let’s do the math: You burn 125 calories above your resting metabolic rate each day you do aerobic exercise. Then add the minimum 250 calories you do not burn due to muscle loss caused by this exercise. After all your huffing and puffing you are now 125 calories in the wrong direction! THE ANSWER: INTERVAL STRENGTH TRAINING Interval training is the repeated performance of high-intensity exercises, for set periods, fol- lowed by set periods of rest. Intervals can consist of any variety of movements with any variation of work and rest times. It burns far more calories and produces positive changes in body composition with much less time than aerobic training. Why Strength Training? 13, This is not only because of the muscle it builds, but also the effect it has on the me- tabolism following the workouts. Strength training gives your metabolism a boost far beyond the duration of the actual workout, for as long as 48 hours. In contrast, after aerobic train- ing your metabolism returns to normal almost immediately. So with interval training we’re not only building muscle, but we’re also able to kick up our metabolism for the rest of the day—even when sleeping! Many people believe aerobic activity strengthens their heart, and decreases the chance of things like coronary artery disease. Yet, after much research, even U.S. Air Force Cardi- ologist Dr. Kenneth Cooper—the very man who coined the term "aerobics”—now believes there is no correlation between aerobic performance and health, longevity, or protection against heart-disease. On the other hand, aerobic activities do carry with them a great risk of injury. Most, even so-called “low impact” classes or activities like stationary cycling, are not necessarily low-force. And things like running are extremely high-force, damaging to your knees, hips and back. Aerobic dance is even worse. Sure, you’ll hear the occasional genetic exception declare that they’ve never ever been injured doing these exercises. But overuse injuries are cumulative and often build undetected over years until it’s too late, leading to a decrease or loss of mobility as you age, which, in turn, too often leads to a shortened lifespan. Any effect you are seeking from aerobic activity can be achieved more safely and effi- ciently with high-intensity strength training. Remember, your cardiovascular system sup- ports your muscular system, not the other way around. An elevated heart rate means noth- ing by itself. Being nervous before a full combat equipment nighttime High Altitude Low Opening (HALO) formation jump always sent my heart rate skyrocketing, but it didn’t make my belt any looser. And even if you insisted on measuring the efficacy of an exercise by an increase in heart rate, I dare you to get it up higher than with my “Stappers.” So there we have it: Interval strength training is superior to aerobic activity in burning fat, as well as building strength, speed, power, and even cardiovascular endurance. All this in far less time than tedious “cardio” sessions. 14 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Hooya!- Dr. Angelo Tremblay and his colleagues at the Physical Activities Sciences Laboratory, in Quebec, Canada, tested the popular belief that low-intensity, long-duration exercise is the most effective program for losing fat. They compared the impact of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise and high-intensity interval training on fat loss. Skinfold measurements revealed that the interval training group lost more body fat. Moreover, when they took into account the fact that the interval training used less energy during the workouts, the fat loss was 9 times more efficient in that program than in the aerobics program. In short, the interval training group got 9 times more fat-loss benefit for every calorie burned exercising. How can that be? Because, after taking muscle biopsies, measuring muscle enzyme activity, and lipid utilization in the post exercise state, they found that high-intensity intermittent exercise caused more calories and fat to be burned following the workout. In addition, they found that appetite is suppressed more after intense intervals. Throughout the book you’ll find Hooya! boxes with information, facts, studies, and ideas. SEALs and Special Tactics Operators yell “Hooya!”—an American Indian war cry meaning “Give me more!”—when they drive through their personal comfort to achieve the seemingly unachievable. -Hooya!- Izumi Tabata and his partners at the National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Tokyo, Japan, compared the effects of moderate-intensity endurance and high-intensity interval training on maximal aerobic capacity—the best indicator of cardiorespiratory endurance. They conducted a six week study with two groups of randomly picked males. Group 1 did one hour of steady state training five days a week. Group 2 did only 4 minutes of interval training five days a week. At the end of the six weeks, Group 1 had an increase in maximal aerobic capacity of 10% and Group 2 had an increase of 14%. Not only did the interval group have a 40% greater gain in aerobic capacity, they had an increase in strength of 28% percent, as opposed to the Steady state group which had no gains in strength. And all this with just four minutes of interval training a day. Similar studies have confirmed that interval training produces higher gains in aerobic fitness, greater decreases in body fat, and gains in strength as opposed to the muscle wasting that occurs with much longer sessions of steady state training. Why Strength Training? 15, 5. SO WHAT IS “FITNESS,” ANYWAY? SURPRISINGLY, THERE IS NO CLEARLY DEFINED, universally accepted standard for fitness. In the decade I spent honing military units assigned to carry out the most dangerous missions, it was always my experience that the individual with the best development in all areas of physical ability succeeds the best operationally. Similarly, it is diverse ability that makes us attractive. Not to offend anyone, but I think most people would agree that a sprint athlete looks more attractive than a powerlifter, a ballet dancer better than a marathoner. The sprinter and the dancer have a higher level of fitness than the bodybuilder and marathoner. Their muscles tie together in a functional way. Most people would agree that it’s the physiques with the most development across a spectrum of physical qualities that are most attractive, as opposed to those that have very limited usefulness. It is diversity in physical ability that is most useful and functional, not to mention beautiful. In contrast, those who are extremely developed in a certain area almost always have a weakness equivalent to their strength. The super fast, skinny runners lack strength, and the bulky bodybuilder types have little endur- ance. So, my program develops the entire spectrum of physical skills: Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Endurance, Power, Speed, Coordination, Balance, and Flexibility. The degree to which you possess these eight physical qualities defines your level of fitness. It is only by focusing on these seven skills, rather than appearance, that you will make your best gains, in ability, well-being, and in appearance. The washboard stomachs, big chests, round shoulders, and shirt-sleeve-stretching biceps of my men are testament to that, as are the toned legs, tight triceps and abs of the women I’ve trained. MUSCULAR STRENGTH: Your ability to exert a force through a given distance. Muscular strength can be determined by the difficulty of an exercise that you are able to perform for a single repetition. For example, if Jane, with maximal effort, can perform one Classic Push, Up and Tarzan can perform a Handstand Push Up, then Tarzan has greater muscular strength. POWER: The amount of force you can exert in a specific amount of time. Power = Work/Time. If Tarzan and Jane are both able to perform only one Pull Up with their maximal efforts, but Jane is able to perform that one Pull Up faster, then she has more power even though they have the same strength. MUSCULAR ENDURANCE: How long you can exert a specific force. Jane and Tarzan could compare their muscular endurance by seeing who can hold the peak position of the Pull Up the longest. CARDIOVASCULAR ENDURANCE: Your body’s ability to supply working muscles with oxygen during prolonged activity. Jane and Tarzan challenge and improve their cardiovas- cular endurance by performing 200 non-stop Squats together. SPEED: Your ability to rapidly and repeatedly execute a movement or series of move- ments. If Jane can do 45 lunges in 30 seconds and Tarzan can do only 25, then Jane has greater speed. COORDINATION: Your ability to combine more than one movement to create a single, distinct movement. For example, performing a simple jump requires that you coordinate several movements. The bend at the waist, knees, and ankles and then the correct exten- sion of those joints must all be combined into a single movement. Your ability to combine these movements, with the proper timing, into one movement determines your coordina- tion, and in turn, how well you can do the exercise. BALANCE: Your ability to maintain control of your body’s center of gravity. FLEXIBILITY: Your range of motion. If Jane, while doing a squat and using good form, can go down until her butt touches her heels, and Tarzan can only go until his thighs are parallel to the ground, then Jane has greater flexibility. Simply put, fitness is the degree to which a person possesses these seven qualities. Now, you may be thinking, “Okay great, now we know what fitness is, but what does that have to do with the real reason I bought this book?” I know that most people are reading this book because they want to look and feel bet- ter, not to improve their balance, flexibility, and coordination. Herein lies a common mis- take: Most programs put the cart before the horse. It is by focusing on the development of these seven skills, rather than appearance, that you will make your best gains, both in abil- So What Is “Fitness,” Anyway? 17, ity and in appearance. Form follows function. Well-being and healthy, attractive physiques are tied together, and they are best created through my program that develops all the quali- ties that make up fitness. Naturally, those with the greatest all around level of fitness have always possessed the greatest ability to survive. And it only makes sense that we would evolve to find those with the greatest ability to survive the most attractive. So how are all these levels of fitness developed? Through the use of short strength train- ing sessions using bodyweight exercises and a sound nutritional plan. 18 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 6. NUTRITION:

Back to Basics

I CAN JUST SEE IT: A trainee’s reply to being told that they will, at a minimum, eat a manda- tory three meals a day at the chow hall: “Excuse me Sergeant, this isn’t going to work at all. You see, I’m on the grapefruit diet…” There are too many different diet books out there, most advocating one extreme or an- other. Not only are many of these unhealthy, but folks just don’t stick with them. How on earth are you supposed to apply some of these diets at a restaurant or dinner party? Stay away from fad diets and empty promises of magical formulas. Instead stick to the fundamen- tals of healthy eating—balancing quality sources of protein, carbohydrates and fats. Avoid the pitfalls of dieting and develop a lifetime of healthy eating habits that are in-line with your goals. In our age of quick fixes and empty promises, sound and reliable eating principles seem to have been lost. Instead we’re drowning in a sea of useless and unhealthy fad diets accom- panied by continuously contradicting advice from so-called “experts.” There is simply no magic pill or ground breaking new diet that can quickly and easily solve all your problems. The only reliable method of reaching and maintaining your long-term fitness goals is by un- derstanding and consistently applying dietary fundamentals. The value of a good diet cannot be overemphasized, and it’s probably much easier to pull off than you expect. Understanding the basics and getting into a routine is simple. Many people just need to break some old habits and misconceptions. You do not have to be miserable, to eat well. The right diet should make you feel better, not worse. Whether you are trying to gain muscle, loose fat, improve athletic ability, simply stay healthy, or all of the above, you only adjust your calorie intake according to your goals. The rest stays the same: Consistently perform short, intense, strength training sessions, and eat a balanced diet. No matter your goal, you should consistently strength train, try to get 7 – 8 hours of sleep a night, and you should eat frequent meals, maintaining an even flow of en- ergy, leaving that afternoon slump at the door. Your eating habits won’t be driven by hun- ger, and your cravings will be controlled. You’re not a caveman anymore. You do not need to stuff your face, thus storing a bunch of fat for warmth, because there’s a good possibility you won’t find another Wooly Mammoth for a few days. Fat is your body’s way of storing, energy so you don’t starve later. If your body gets used to eating several meals a day, it quickly learns there isn’t any reason to store fat, because it knows there’s no starvation pe- riod coming up. This means five or six small meals a day, every three hours or so. Don’t worry, I’ll show you how this is practical and easy. Don’t be surprised if you find information in this chapter that runs contrary to com- monly held beliefs, the same beliefs that contribute to the runaway obesity rate in our soci- ety. First let’s start with some basic definitions. Giving these a good read will be sure to cor- rect any misconceptions you might have, and misconceptions are people’s biggest hindrance to reaching their goals.


The amount of energy released when your body breaks down food. Proteins, carbohy- drates, fats, and alcohol contain different amounts of calories per gram. Weight gain, weight loss, and weight maintenance is, to a large degree, but not exclusively, a matter of calories (energy) in vs. calories (energy) out. Somewhat oversimplified, excess calories are stored as fat, and a calorie deficit causes stored fat to be burned for energy. WHAT YOU EAT VS. HOW MUCH YOU EAT Among dieticians and fitness enthusiasts there is an ongoing, heated debate about what you eat vs. how much you eat. Some claim weight control is simply a matter of what you eat. They believe if you eat the right foods in the right proportions, you’ll be healthy. Eating the wrong things is what causes unhealthy cravings for excess calories. This is because bad foods can throw our hor- mones out of whack, feeling unsatisfied and under-nourished On the other hand, the calories in vs. calories out folks believe that weight control is simply a matter of how many calories are eaten in relation to how many calories are burned, regardless of what the food sources are. Using this theory, a person maintaining a calorie deficit of 500 calories per day should loose one pound per week, since one pound of body- weight is equivalent to 3500 calories (500 caloriesx7days = 3500 calories). Which of these is right? They both are. But, even though it might sound funny, I have to say that the “what you eat people” are more correct. I know this both from science and countless trials. The proof is in the pudding. Yes, you will lose weight by creating a continual calorie deficit, but if those limited calo- ries are coming from mainly overly processed foods with little nutritional value, it will leave you feeling terrible and constantly craving food. Plus, such a diet will reap havoc on your hormones causing you to cannibalize muscle instead of burning fat. This is the diet that most people turn to and it is the reason why weight loss is rarely permanent. As I will discuss shortly, the body’s resting metabolic rate (RMR) is a key player in our ability to stay lean, and it is affected to a large degree by our body composition with muscle being our greatest calorie burning ally. With that said, it’s important to place the emphasis 20 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, on a positive change in body composition and not just weight loss. Loosing muscle weight is bad and counterproductive. Using the calories in vs. calories out theory alone, can at best give you a temporary fix. It’s unrealistic and unhealthy to go through life following a diet that causes you to feel tired and hungry while your hormones run amuck. Instead, use a combination of the two theories. It’s just as unrealistic to expect people to always eat perfectly proportioned meals as it is to continually follow a restrictive diet without emphasis on nutritional value. Yes, it is true that consistently eating meals with the correct ratio of macronutrients will minimize excess cravings, but doing so is much easier said than done. For most of us, forever eating perfectly balanced meals at every sitting just isn’t going to happen. We should strive for balanced meals, and if that’s not possible, we should look to at least balance our macronutrients—carbs, fats, and proteins—throughout the day, if not in every single meal. -Hooya!- EVOLUTION AND THE DOMESTICATION OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS Vegetables. Fruits. Nuts. Seeds. Meats. Eggs. Fish. That’s it. For millions of years our ancestors survived purely from these 7 things. Typically, the women gathered the nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables while men hunted for meat. Together these food sources provided the necessary components of a complete diet that sustained healthy living. Climate, geography, and luck mainly determined how balanced these sources were. But remember, regardless of how much of each food they ate, these were the only foods available to our ancestors, so naturally our bodies have adapted to their consumption. It wasn’t until about ten thousand years ago, a blip in our time on Earth, with the cultivation of plants and domestication of animals, that large quantities of breads, potatoes, rice, pasta, and dairy became available. These relatively new sources of calories were the main reason our complex societies were able to develop, and our overabundance is to a large degree due to them. However, for millions of years our bodies evolved on diets without any of these. The relatively miniscule time span since the domestication of plants and animals has not prepared us to live healthy lives with diets consisting of too many breads, pastas, rice, and potatoes. Yes, life expectancy has greatly increased in this time span, but this can be attributed not to new foods, but rather to man’s no longer having to live life on-the-go while dealing with hunger, thirst, illness, injuries, extreme cold, and fighting dangerous animals with primitive tools. So think of these new calories as little more than fillers. If you find yourself over- whelmed by nutritional definitions and rules, just ask yourself this: For millions of years before the domestication of plants and animals, what did we eat? Nutrition 21,


Macronutrients consist of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Contrary to common belief, each is a necessary part of a healthy and effective diet regardless of your goals. Some popular diets advocate cutting either fats or carbohydrates out of one’s diet. At best, this only bene- fits you in the short term, since these diets are nearly impossible to maintain permanently. Each macronutrient plays a vital role in our health and well-being, and excluding any one of them will cause you to feel unsatisfied and tired. Whether we are trying to shed body fat and gain lean muscle mass or just trying to bulk up, our goals are best met by eating a fair share of each of the macronutrients. Daily, we should aim to consume 1 - 1.5 grams of protein per pound of ideal bodyweight, with the rest of our calories coming from an even split of good carbs and fats.


Each gram of carbohydrate contains 4 calories. Carbs are a key source of energy, espe- cially for the brain. They include fruits, vegetables, pastas, grains, sugars, cereals, and rice. All carbs are made of sugars and classified as either simple or complex carbs based on the number of sugar units within a carb’s molecules. All carbs are converted to glucose, a type of sugar, before they are absorbed into the bloodstream. Then they are either burned for en- ergy or stored for later use. Carbs are absorbed into the bloodstream at different rates. Highly glycemic carbs that absorb too rapidly into the bloodstream have several downfalls because of the strong insulin reaction that they produce. Insulin is an important hormone that regulates the body’s blood sugar levels and storage of glucose as fat or glycogen (glucose that is stored in the liver and muscles). SIMPLE AND COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES & THE GLYCEMIC INDEX Pasta, potatoes, oats, vegetables, and grains all contain complex carbs. Complex carbs must first be broken down into simple sugars and then those simple sugars have to be con- verted to glucose before they can be absorbed into the blood. Simple carbs are found in foods such as fruit (fructose), dairy products (lactose), and ta- ble sugar (glucose). Again, a carb’s rate of absorption into the bloodstream produces a proportionally strong release of the hormone insulin. Rapid absorption of glucose causes rapid secretion of insu- lin. This in turn signals your body to store fat. And this is followed by fatigue and cravings for more carbs due to the blood’s sudden depletion of glucose. Obviously, this isn’t what we want. So the longer it takes for a carb to be broken down into glucose, the better. However, it’s not as simple as only eating complex carbs. For numerous reasons, many simple carbs actually absorb at a much slower rate than many complex carbs. Most fruits, for example, contain fiber that slows down the digestion process. Also, sugar that comes from fruit (fructose) and dairy (lactose) must first be converted to glucose before it can be ab- 22 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, sorbed into the blood, causing yet another slowdown in the digestion process. You will ac- tually feel satisfied for longer by eating an apple versus an equal-sized bowl of pasta. Because even though pasta contains complex carbs, those carbs are still broken down into glucose faster than the apple’s sugars. To make all this a bit simpler, we can use a glycemic index to determine what carbs to eat. The glycemic index measures the rate of absorption of carbs. A carb that has a low gly- cemic index absorbs slowly (good), and a carb with high glycemic index absorbs rapidly (bad). For a comprehensive list of foods and their glycemic indices, see You will find that many fruits and vegetables have a much lower glycemic index than grains and pastas. Choosing your carbs doesn’t stop there though. Carbs should also be chosen based on their nutritional value. The problem with foods such as table sugar isn’t just their high gly- cemic index, it’s also that they provide no vitamins, minerals, fiber, or good bacteria. Ideally, the carbs we eat should be as close to their original form as possible, such as whole pieces of fruit (not fruit juices), raw or steamed vegetables, dairy, and oats. Much of our obesity prob- lem in Western civilization can be attributed to consuming massive amounts of carbs with high glycemic indices and little or no nutritional value. Many people, mistakenly, believe that they can eat whatever food they want as long as it’s low in fat, regardless of the glycemic index, nutritional value, and calorie content. Everything from cookies, yogurts, sports bars, fruit juices, cereals, and sodas contain large amounts of table sugar that should be avoided. Craving sweets from time to time is normal, but a diet with excessive sugar can cause these cravings to get out of control. Part of the problem is the insulin spike caused by these sugars. The insulin rids your blood of its glucose leaving you feeling tired and craving more glucose to replace the glucose that has been emptied out of your bloodstream. This creates a vicious circle. The solution? Eat carbs with a low glycemic index. As much as possible, especially for those of you looking to shed body fat, get your carbs from whole pieces of fruit and raw or steamed vegetables, because they have the lowest glycemic index and contain valuable nutri- ents. The next best source is dairy and whole grain products. FATS (Friendlies, not enemies!) Don’t believe the hype. Dietary fat is not the enemy of weight loss. And dietary fat does not automatically convert to body fat. Fat is vital not only for optimal performance and weight control, but it’s absolutely necessary to sustain life. Fats are calorie rich with 9 calories per gram versus 4 calories for protein and carbs. There are two types of dietary fat: Saturated and unsaturated. Saturated fats tend to raise bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels and chances of heart disease. They are mainly derived from animal sources and foods containing hydrogenated oil—from margarine to muffins, fish sticks to potato chips, instant potatoes to popcorn, and too much of what you find at fast food chains. Nutrition 23, Unsaturated fats tend to lower bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels and chances of heart disease. They come from plant sources such as nuts, seeds, non-hydrogenated vegeta- ble oils, soy, olives, olive oil, flax seed oil, and fish. Both types of fat provide us with added satiety, improved taste and texture, a great en- ergy source, and slowed absorption of other nutrients. These are the major reasons why many low fat diets leave people tired and constantly craving more food. The satiety that you’ll get from a little extra fat in your diet will allow you to comfortably eat less calories than you would without the fats. Dietary fats even contribute to the regulation of the body’s hormones. Research has shown that men who get less than 30% of their calories from fat produce 25% less testos- terone than those who have more fat in their diets. Fat should make up 25 - 35% of our total calorie intake. But be sure to consume mainly good, unsaturated fats. A small palmful of nuts and seeds, a bit of healthy oil on your salad, and eating plenty of fish will provide you with enough of the unsaturated fats. And those saturated fats you do eat should only come naturally from the dairy and meat you consume, not from foods such as French fries, butter, potato chips or other junk foods.


The most important, but most commonly neglected macronutrient. Protein breaks down into amino acids, the building blocks used to repair and regenerate all cells of the body, including your muscles. Adequate protein intake is essential not only to maintain but grow muscle. Protein makes you feel full faster than fats or carbs, which is obviously benefi- cial if you’re on a restrictive diet. It’s got 4 calories a gram, and major sources include poul- try, meat, fish, dairy products, soy, tofu, beans, and eggs. A person trying to build muscle through resistance training needs to consume about 1.5 grams of protein for every pound of ideal bodyweight. People restricting their calorie intake for weight loss need to ensure that they still consume at least 1 gram of protein per pound of their ideal bodyweight and optimally 1.5 grams per pound, in order to prevent any loss of muscle while cutting fat. If you do the math, it’s probably more protein than you’re used to. For a 150 pound woman, that means consuming 150 – 225 grams of protein a day. But trust me, you’ll see the difference once you re-prioritize your macronutrients like this. Pro- tein should be the center of every meal. Choose your source of protein, then select the healthy carbs and fats you want to add to it (if needed). Keep in mind, even with 225 grams of protein a day, that’s only 900 calories. That’ll allow even those on a restrictive diet to get plenty of the other macronutrients. Chances are, in the beginning at least, you’ll have to keep track of your protein intake to make sure it’s sufficient. A lean, 180 pound man would have to eat at least 5 meals with 36 grams of protein in each. Like many “protein” bars and shakes, a sugar-loaded Odwalla “Su- per Protein” drink with only 13 grams of protein is just not going to cut it. You’ve got to start reading labels, and doing the simple math. 24 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, The key here is to throw out the junk you eat and replace it with quality sources of low- fat protein like skinless chicken and other lean meats like turkey (and even some pork and ground meat), all seafood (canned tuna being the cheapest and easiest), egg whites, all sorts of low fat cold cuts, soy, tofu, some veggie burgers, low fat cheese and other dairy products. Again, just check the labels in your grocery store. You’d be surprised at how many foods are high in protein and low in fat. -Hooya!-


Too often water is an afterthought, and yet no nutrient is more vital or necessary in as great amounts. Maintaining proper hydration is an essential part of healthy living. Every day, we lose 2 - 3 quarts of water through urination, sweating, and breathing. In addition to helping you build muscle, drinking water can help you fight fat, fever, asthma, arthritis, depression, constipation, bad complexion, stomach aches, or even a stuffy nose. The truth is that you’d be hard pressed to find a malady that isn’t eased by imbibing more water. A man’s body is approximately 60% water, and a woman’s is about 50%. Consider the fact that you can survive for weeks without food, but only about six days without water. When the water in your body is reduced by just 1%, you get thirsty. At 5%, muscle strength and endurance deteriorate, and you become hot and tired. When the loss reaches 10%, delirium and blurred vision take over. At 20%, you’re dead. Sufficient water intake not only burns calories, but allows your liver to be more effi- cient at mobilizing and eliminating fat from your body. Water helps to eliminate toxins from the body, and to transport other nutrients into our cells. It is required for a proper balance of vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes, which ensure that your muscles have a full range of motion, prevent muscle spasms and cramping, and regulate the pattern of your heartbeat. By maintaining proper blood density, water helps manage blood pressure, and the movements of fats so they are not deposited as plaque in the blood vessels. Water also wards off food cravings caused by dehydration and thirst. Never let thirst be your guide. That’s like coasting onto an interstate emergency lane with a completely empty gas tank being your indication to put some gasoline in your car. It’s already too late. By the time you’re actually thirsty, you’re already dehydrated. The commonly accepted rule for water consumption is 1 cup of water 8 times per day, or about 2 quarts or liters a day. Try to carry a water bottle with you whenever you can. Lastly, as it turns out, standards in the United States regulating bottled water are no more stringent than those for tap water. The best choice, both for you and the environment, is to filter your tap water. Nutrition 25, RESTING METABOLIC RATE (RMR) RMR is the amount of calories needed to sustain all of your body’s functions while at rest. RMR accounts for approximately 65% of your body’s total calorie consumption, activ- ity burning the remainder. It is governed by several factors. Some are genetically predeter- mined, while others we can control. The main factor is lean body mass, which accounts for approximately 80% of our RMR. And there’s only one way to affect lean body mass: Build muscle. Our RMR de- creases by about 5% every decade after thirty, mainly because of the loss of muscle mass as- sociated with aging. Fortunately, our lean body mass can be controlled through proper nu- trition and strength training. It only takes a few months of training to recover one or two decades of decrease in our RMR. Metabolically, muscle is very expensive tissue, even when it is at rest. No matter your age, just two extra pounds of muscle will cause approximately the same amount of calories to be burned—throughout the day, even while at complete rest—as a 45-minute aerobics class. Another way to positively influence our RMR is to provide our body with a steady flow of nutrients. The body is extremely resourceful, and during times of starvation it adapts by slowing down its RMR. It tries to save every calorie consumed by storing some as fat. Any of the common diets that severely restrict your caloric intake neglect this principal, and that is why people on those diets almost always gain at least their original weight back. When the body receives a regular flow of calories, in the form of frequent meals, it allows the RMR to remain high, and burn those very same calories off. Frequent meals also utilize the thermal effect of food. Eating temporarily cranks up your metabolism. The more meals you eat in a day, the more consistently your metabolism is boosted. You experience an increase in your RMR for about 5 hours every time you eat. This accounts for 5 - 10% of your total calorie expenditure. Over the long haul this can make quite a difference. Intense exercise also boosts the metabolism for up to 48 hours after completion. This is one of the main reasons why high-intensity interval training is so much more effective than cardio or steady state training—neither of which is intense enough to have a lasting impact on your RMR. CALCULATING DAILY CALORIE EXPENDITURE If you don’t feel like making these calculations yourself, on you can find an RMR calculator. To convert your weight in pounds into kilograms (kg) divide your weight in pounds by 2.2. Pounds / 2.2 = kg To convert height in inches to height in centimeters (cm) multiply your height in inches by 2.54. Inches x 2.54 = cm 26 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Men’s RMR 10 x weight (kg) + 6.25 x height (cm) - 5 x age + 5 Women’s RMR 10 x weight (kg) + 6.25 x height (cm) - 5 x age - 161 Once you have the caloric output of your RMR, multiply it by one of the following fac- tors that best suit your activity level. The result is your daily calorie expenditure. Anyone following my program exclusively should choose 1.55 (moderately active) as the multiplier. 1.2 = sedentary (little or no exercise) 1.375 = lightly active (light exercise/sports 1-3 days/week) 1.55 = moderately active (moderate exercise/sports 3-5 days/week) 1.725 = very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) 1.9 = extra active (very hard exercise/sports and physical job) -Hooya!- THE FAT AND THE FURIOUS Try to remember, you’re not a hot rod. You don’t ever need to “fill ‘er up.” The difference between feeling “satisfied” and feeling “full” after a meal is about 1,000 calories. Then, even worse, there are about 2,500 calories between feeling full and feeling “stuffed”! So if you go to town on that all-you-can-eat Chinese buffet, and leave the place feeling stuffed, you may have wolfed down as many as 4,000 unneeded calories. A typical reaction is to do some cardio the next day to “burn off those calories.” But to burn that many calories with cardio would require, for example, jogging nonstop for 27 hours. The problem is not burning calories, which is done even while you sleep, but that we cram too many calories into our mouth. Get into the habit of eating until you are no longer hungry, not until you are com- pletely stuffed. Remember, if you follow my advice, you’ll be eating again in 2.5 - 3.5 hours. Take your time, chew your food, and relax. It takes 15 - 20 minutes for the body to register how full it actually is. Eating fast and furious can be a hard habit to break. But you’ll very quickly notice improved energy and well-being once you make the change to frequent, smaller meals. Nutrition 27, LOSING WEIGHT The bottom line for fat loss: 1) Build some calorie burning muscle through strength training; 2) Create a modest calorie deficit through dietary restraint. As you know, this means eating properly balanced meals and fewer calories than you expend. As you may not know, every pound of bodyweight contains 3500 calories. So if you want to loose a pound a week, you’d only have to consume 500 calories less than you expend every day (7 x 500 = 3500). This is done by controlling your calorie intake and burning calories through exercise, day-to-day activity, and by raising your RMR through added muscle, frequent meals, and the post-workout rise in RMR. Loosing .5 - 1.5 lbs a week is optimal. If you are very overweight, you should be closer to 1.5 pounds a week (750 calorie daily deficit), and if you only have a few pounds to shed, .5 lbs a week is ideal (250 calorie deficit daily). Taking your time will prevent muscle loss and maximize your chances of keeping the weight off permanently. Don’t give in to the temptation of not eating or doing tons of aero- bic exercise—both of which will cause muscle loss, and therefore counteract your goal of long term fat loss. Ideally, you want to build muscle in order to increase your RMR. You must do everything in your power to prevent the loss of muscle while loosing weight. If you try to loose weight too quickly, you will not only prevent muscle growth, you’ll cause your body to breakdown its existing muscle for fuel. This is going in the wrong direc- tion. Remember, it isn’t simply about weight. It’s about body composition—less fat and more muscle. Key Points for weight loss: ! Loose .5 - 1.5 lbs per week by eating 250 - 750 less calories than you burn daily. ! Eat 5 meals per day, every 2.5 - 3.5 hours. ! Maximize your calorie expenditure by building muscle through consistent, short, intense strength training. ! Eat a diet that gives you 1.5 grams of protein per pound of your ideal bodyweight, and split the remaining calories between mostly unsaturated fats and carbs with a low gly- cemic index. Stay away from processed sugars; they’re everywhere! ! Don’t starve yourself and don’t overeat. 28 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Hooya!- EATING IN AND OUT Going hungry to a restaurant or party is a common pitfall that can lead to some major overeating, especially since it’s these places where you typically consume the most unhealthy food. Unlike when you prepare your meals yourself, you can’t control your food’s content when you’re out on the town. Even if you try to eat the healthiest thing on the menu, you’d be amazed by the amount of butter and oil they throw on just about everything in the kitchen. A great secret to not overeating at restaurants and parties is to simply eat a small meal right before you leave home. That way, when you get there, you’re focused on having fun, instead of waiting for food to fill your belly. Focus on enjoying yourself, the company you’re with, and the party or restaurant—not on dieting or gorging yourself. You order less, save more money, and tend to really enjoy what you eat because you’re eating to satisfy your taste buds, not your empty stomach. So don’t sweat it if you go out a couple of times a week to eat. Just try to eat as bal- anced of a meal as you can comfortably, and don’t stuff yourself. All it takes is a small meal beforehand. Just remember, between traveling to the restau- rant, being seated, getting menus, ordering and having your food cooked, chances are you’re not going to actually be served food for another hour at the very earliest. So think ahead. Don’t ever leave your house hungry. Eat a little beforehand, order less, and have more fun. GAINING WEIGHT To gain weight, you need to consume more calories than you expend. Whether the surplus of calories is used to build muscle or fat depends largely on whether or not you place a demand for added strength on your body. How do you create such a demand? By consistently engaging in short intense bouts of resistance training that consists of mainly compound movements like any type of Push Up, Pull Up or Squat. Keep a close eye on your body composition. If you notice yourself packing on more fat than you feel comfortable with, back off the calories a bit. On the other hand, if you’re not seeing any changes, bump up your calorie intake. Keep in mind that if you’re trying to build serious muscle mass, it’s inevitable you’ll pack on a little fat at the same time. Don’t worry about it too much. Focus on eating enough and gaining strength. Then, after you’ve got your muscles, shift your focus to loos- ing body fat to show them off. Nutrition 29, Key points to gain weight: ! Consume 500 - 1000 more calories than you expend daily. ! Maintain a well balanced diet. 1.5 grams of protein per pound of bodyweight with an even split of carbs and mostly unsaturated fats for the remaining calories. ! Eat frequent meals, 5 - 6 per day, every 2.5 - 3.5 hours, with plenty of whole pieces of fruit, raw or steamed vegetables, nuts, seeds, meats, fish, and diary. ! Consistently strength train. MEAL SUPPLEMENTS If you feed your body regularly throughout the day, your energy levels will remain sta- ble, you’ll avoid hunger, and simultaneously fuel your metabolism. But let’s face it, most folks are too busy to go find six healthy meals each day. So prepare them the night before, and stick them in your fridge or freezer, either let them defrost over the next day (like sandwiches) or pop them in the microwave, and you’re good to go. Another great method is to balance three whole-food meals with two or three protein shakes or bars. There’s no cooking or cleaning involved. Shakes are preferable, since sports bars tend to contain higher amounts of sugar and other unnecessary additives. If you’re looking to bulk up, use a high calorie, “weight gainer” shake. For those trying to slim down, use a supplement that contains a higher ratio of protein to carbs and add one tablespoon of flax seed oil. Beware that most shake supplements get their carbs from maltodextrin which, while it helps thicken up the shake, also has a very high glycemic in- dex. Don’t be fooled by marketing that’ll have you believe maltodextrin is good because it’s a complex carb. If you do use a shake that has maltodextrin, try adding a tablespoon of flax seed oil to slow its absorption. An easy way to get a meal when you’re on the go is to bring protein powder in a bottle and shake it up with some water when you’re ready for it. To keep clumps of powder from forming, shake it up with half the required amount of water before shaking it up again with the full amount of water. If your supplement is still clumping up, try using a different brand. It’s been my experience that supplements that blend easily also digest easily. A typical diet that incorporates a meal supplement could go as follows: Meal 1: Oatmeal, boiled eggs, and half an avocado. Meal 2: Post workout: Cytogainer or Met-RX. Meal 3: Tuna, salad with olive oil and balsamic vinaigrette dressing, banana. Meal 4: Cytogainer or Met-RX with flax seed oil. Meal 5: Fish with vegetables. 30 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, For those who don’t like to eat breakfast, try a shake instead. Your body’s been fasting throughout the night, and that first meal is important to jumpstart your metabolism and provide needed nutrients. Don’t neglect it. -Hooya!- POST WORKOUT MEAL It’s the most important thing you eat and the exception to the rule. As soon as possible, following your workout you need to consume: • 30 - 50 grams of a lean complete protein like whey, soy, egg, chicken or fish. • 30 - 50 grams of carbohydrates with a high glycemic index. Why lean protein? Because fat slows the absorption of protein and carbs. During a brief window of opportunity after your workout, protein synthesis occurs at the highest rate. This is due to the micro-trauma (broken-down muscle tissue) that occurred during your workout. Complete recovery will be optimized if you provide your muscles with a large supply of amino acids—the key components of protein—within 45 minutes after your training session. A whey protein shake is the best post-workout protein choice because it is so rapidly absorbed, and it has the highest efficiency ratio, or availability to the body, of all proteins. Why carbs with a high glycemic index? Immediately following your workout is the only time to eat carbs that rapidly absorb into the blood stream as the glucose causes an insulin spike. Insulin helps shuttle protein into the muscles, repairing and building new muscle. It is also an important hormone that regulates the storage, replacement, and use of glucose. During a workout, the body uses stored glucose that is in the blood and muscles as fuel for the activity. If the lost glucose isn’t refilled within about 45 minutes after training, your body rapidly goes from an anabolic state (muscle growth and repair) to a catabolic state (cannibalizing of the body’s muscle for protein and energy). Since insulin signals the body to replenish and store glycogen, and the release of insulin is best triggered by eating foods with a high glycemic index, it makes sense that eating carbohydrates with a high glycemic index, along with some lean protein, is the best post-workout choice. An effective and convenient post workout meal is a whey or soy protein supplement, which contains maltodextrin, or simple sugars, as its carb source. Nutrition 31, -Hooya!- PROTEIN POWDER Unlike some other books, I’m not going to endorse a brand I represent or own. The truth is most protein powder brands are largely interchangeable, so just find the ones you like. What I will say is be careful of the amount of carbohydrates in a protein powder, oftentimes they’re packed with sugar. Unless you’re looking to gain weight, total carbohydrates should be less than half the amount of protein. Also, a money-saving secret is that it matters little what kind of protein you buy, as long as it’s a complete protein, meaning that it has all the essential amino acids. Whey, egg, milk, and soy proteins all fit this bill. It makes little difference if your protein has the latest “whey isolate ion-enhanced” mumbo-jumbo in it. 40 grams of whey isolate will have the same effect on building muscle as 40 grams of whey concentrate or soy. KEEPING A LOG There’s no doubt about it, with practice, eating right becomes second nature. But if you’re just getting started it really helps to keep a log. It’ll put your diet into perspective and build awareness of everything you put into your body—both what you eat and how much you eat. Your plan should, at a minimum, take into consideration the following: ! What are your specific goals? If it’s weight loss, then what is your ideal weight loss rate (.5 - 1.5 lbs per week)? What is your ideal weight? ! How many calories do you expend? ! How many calories do you need to consume? ! What is your meal plan (what and when)? How do you make your diet fit as conven- iently as possibly into your lifestyle? ! Is your diet balanced? It should contain 1.5 grams of protein per pound of bodyweight with the remaining calories coming from an even split of mostly low glycemic carbs and unsaturated fats. Eating well is primarily about 2 things: How much of each macronutrient we eat and our overall calorie intake. The simplest way to monitor both is to read the nutrition labels on your food packaging. Pay attention to the calories per serving and proportions of macronutrients. I’ve already shown you which proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are best. See for serving sizes, calorie contents, macronutrients, and glycemic indi- ces of common foods. 32 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, It is impossible to overemphasize the importance of proper nutrition. A good under- standing and application of these dietary fundamentals is absolutely necessary to reach and sustain your fitness goals. Build awareness of what you put in your body, and apply my ba- sic principals. Then, with enough practice, eventually you’ll hardly even have to think about it anymore. -Hooya!- TAKING OUT THE GARBAGE The best way to avoid eating junk is to simply banish it from your home. You won’t be tempted to eat poorly, because there’s nothing left to be tempted by. Instead you’ll find yourself eating wholesome foods, which is always what your body is actually craving, even when your mind is not. Nutrition 33, 7. COMMON


SPOT REDUCTION Ah, yes, that old belief, constantly reinforced by glam mags every summer, that fat loss can be isolated to a particular area of the body. “Want to lose belly fat? Just do some Sit Ups!” Well, it doesn’t work that way. Not at all. The reality is that if you have fat on your tummy, doing Sit Ups is not going to give you a 6-pack. While doing hundreds of Sit Ups every day will indeed build strong abs, it will do nothing to reduce fat in that area alone. Fat loss can only be achieved in all areas of your body at once, and it can only be achieved by burning more calories than you ingest, and you burn calories most effectively by building muscle. In fact, working your thighs or shoulders will do as much, probably more, than Sit Ups to make you lose fat on your belly (and everywhere else), since they are bigger muscle groups. Unless you get rid of enough fat all over your body for your abdominal muscles to show through your skin, building strong abs will only push your belly fat out further. So how do you loose love handles, flabby glutes, or a soft tummy? Eat well and build muscle through strength training. Then, the rate at which each area looses fat is determined by genetics., MUSCLE CAN TURN INTO FAT Fat cells and muscle cells perform completely different and separate functions, and one will never transform into the other. When someone becomes “soft” and overweight after being “hard” and muscular, it is because the calorie output no longer exceeds the calorie intake. Largely, this is due to a decreased metabolic rate from the loss of muscle. The loss of muscle is caused by the lack of necessary stimulus. There is no magical transformation of muscle into fat, just a loss of muscle mass and an increase of body fat. YOUR MUSCLES WILL GET TOO BIG IF YOU DO STRENGTH TRAINING I’ve heard it from women especially, all over the world: “I don’t want to get too muscu- lar.” Some have seen the initial results of strength training and then shied away in fear of becoming the next Ms. Olympia. First off, in case you didn’t already know, male and female professional bodybuilders (and most likely some of the bigger guys at your gym) all use ster- oids and other illegal substances. The human body—yours included—simply will not accrue that kind of muscle mass without serious drugs. For men and women, the initial gains in muscularity that are common within the first couple of weeks of strength training are largely due to an increase in circulation within the muscles. Similarly, the jumps in strength are mostly due to the body’s neurological adapta- tion to new movements rather than added muscle mass. The fear that you will accidentally become more muscular than you intended or that you will start growing uncontrollably is unfounded. For women, consistently gaining a half pound of muscle a month is outstanding progress. For men, a pound and a half is compara- ble. Keep in mind, this will occur under ideal conditions only. A muscular body is built through consistent dedication to strength training and proper nutrition. It won’t happen overnight or accidentally. This brings us to another myth… WOMEN SHOULD TRAIN DIFFERENTLY THAN MEN A common misperception is that women will get bulky from strength training. They won’t. Not unless they start popping pills and sticking needles in their buttocks. There is no reason to train differently based purely on your sex. Both sexes gain and lose muscle and fat the same way. It’s true, men and women often have different goals. But sur- prisingly, these different goals can be achieved with the same program. Common Strength Training Myths 35, Most women aren’t looking to develop big chests and arms, but rather to firm and tone their entire body, especially their legs and glutes which tend to be the hardest things to maintain as they age. The ironic thing is that they should do exactly the same thing to achieve these goals as men should do to bulk up. Women too often just take their arms along for the ride when they workout. Remember, men and women’s muscles are identical, the only difference being in size. It’s virtually impossible that a woman would get bulky, muscular arms from doing upper body exercises. Even most steroid-saturated professional female bodybuilders don’t have huge upper bodies. Some women continually fail to under- stand that if they exercised their upper bodies as much as their lower, their tummies would just be that much flatter, and their glutes that much tighter, because they would be increas- ing their overall lean muscle mass. Again, building and maintaining muscle, alone, is the most effective way to burn fat and calories. In contrast, the manly man has been taught to hit the bench press, lat pull down ma- chine, squat rack, and other contraptions of bodybuilding that achieve less functional and less physically attractive results than the full array of bodyweight exercises in my programs. MORE IS BETTER For some it’s intuitive: They think the more you workout, the more you’ll grow, and the longer you workout, the better. Since muscle is the most effective fat burning tool we have, we should train without making compromises to our muscular development due to poor nutrition or overtraining. Remember, your muscles grow while you rest. Overtraining and poor nutrition are easily the most common pitfalls that beginners and experienced fitness enthusiasts alike fall into. It’s not possible to say exactly how much is too much, since many factors such as genetics, diet, sleep, training intensity, frequency, and du- ration all play a role. It’s best to watch for the following signs of overtraining: A halt in pro- gress, chronic fatigue, decreased motivation, frequent injuries, and an increased resting heart rate, which is measured first thing in the morning before getting out of bed. If overtraining is suspected, adjust one or more of the following: Diet, amount of sleep (you should try for 7 - 8 hours per night), training intensity, duration, and frequency. YOU CAN RESHAPE A MUSCLE BY DOING ISOLATION EXERCISES Nope. Your muscles can only get bigger or smaller. The shape that your muscles take, as they change in size, is determined not by the specific exercises you do, but by genetics. 36 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Keep in mind though, that some muscle groups that we often think of as single muscles, such as the shoulders, thighs, or back, can be changed by emphasizing a certain muscle within that muscle group. The shoulders, for example, can be given that nice heart shape, when viewed from the side, by making the rear deltoid larger, but the shape that your rear deltoid takes can only be controlled to the degree that you make it bigger or smaller. Similarly, you can make the “teardrop muscle” in your thighs (the smaller one just above and to the inside of your knees), larger by pointing your toes outward during squatting exer- cises. On the other hand, you can increase the outside “sweep” of your thighs (which makes gives women great bikini legs) by turning your toes slightly inward during any squatting ex- ercise, and therefore focusing more on your vastus lateralis. YOU NEED HIGH REPS FOR DEFINITION AND LOW REPS FOR MASS Neither your body nor a particular muscle will become more defined by doing a high amount of repetitions of any exercise as opposed to doing low repetitions. How defined a muscle is will be determined by its size and the amount of fat around it, period. For definition we need to do what most effectively builds muscle and burns fat. Doing high reps in order to burn extra calories is extremely ineffective, and the muscle built will be limited, and we should always remember our greatest calorie burning ally: You guessed it— muscle. A consistent variety of high-intensity interval training along with proper nutrition is the way to get defined muscles. If too much size is truly an issue, simply cut back on the calories, because the major factor affecting mass is nutrition. Most adult males could do workouts in the low 2-5 rep range on a 1500 calorie diet for the rest of their days without ever gaining any size. It’s true that low rep workouts, consisting of powerful and explosive movements, will build more size (but not less definition) than high rep workouts, because the “fast twitch” muscle fibers required in explosive movements are much larger than “slow twitch” fibers required for more enduring tasks. But really, for mass, wouldn’t you want to recruit all pos- sible muscle fibers and not just the fast twitch? Likewise, for “definition”—that is, losing body fat so the striations in your muscles show more—wouldn’t you want to recruit all possible muscle fibers, especially since the number one factor affecting our resting metabolic rate, and thus fat loss, is muscle mass? The only thing you should alter depending on your goal—whether it’s to tone or bulk up—is nutrition. Common Strength Training Myths 37, STRENGTH TRAINING MAKES YOU BIG AND CARDIOVASCULAR TRAINING MAKES YOU LEAN Again, dietary intake is the major factor that regulates body composition. While pro- longed moderate pace exercise such as aerobics will help slightly increase your caloric ex- penditure, it will do little to build muscle. Without strength training, you are neglecting the best fat burning tool in your arsenal: More muscle! I’m sure you’re getting the idea by now… Nothing raises the body’s resting metabolic rate more effectively than muscle. A few extra pounds of lean muscle will burn approximately the same amount of calories throughout the day that the average aerobics class will. Added muscle makes you burn more calories even while you sleep. To gain weight, increase your calorie intake and build muscle through strength training. To get lean, decrease your calorie intake and increase your resting metabolic rate by building muscle. YOU CAN’T BUILD MUSCLE AND LOSE FAT AT THE SAME TIME If you’re just beginning this program after a long period without much exercise, with proper nutrition, you’ll experience gains in strength while losing fat at the same time. For those more advanced athletes, it’s tough, but not impossible. With a perfect balance of com- plex carbs, good fats, and enough protein, your body can achieve these seemingly separate goals. RESTRICTIVE DIETS People often starve themselves in order to loose weight. That’s a no-go! The body is very resourceful, and it will slow down its metabolic rate in order to com- pensate for the lack of calories. It tries to hold onto every calorie you consume, since it is unsure when it will be fed again. Then, once you resume your normal caloric intake, your metabolic rate remains slowed down. This is why people who try restrictive diets usually gain their original weight back and often some more too. The good news is that if you want to lose weight, you should never be hungry. A well balanced diet consisting of small frequent meals (every 2.5 - 3.5 hours) is the key to long term success. 38 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 8. MOTIVATION IT BLOWS ME AWAY EVERY TIME I walk into a nice home and meet its proud, overweight, out-of-shape owner. They just don’t get it. Your real home is not your apartment or your house or your city or even your country, but your body. It is the only thing you, your soul and your mind, will always live inside of so long as you walk the earth. It is the single most important physical thing in this world you can take care of. We have a choice: To take care of ourselves, or to simply let time make us worse. And it is right now, at this moment, not later, that we must make this decision. Most people in this world choose to lose. They drag themselves through a second-rate life, overweight and under-energetic. They just let time take its toll. Their waistline increases and their height decreases as they get older and their backs hurt and hunch. Eventually their mobility be- comes limited. And they meet their maker well before they should. Then there are the others, the minority who decide to really, truly do something about their health. They exercise, and they watch what they eat, not obsessively, only just enough. They have an understanding of nutritional basics, and workout about 20 - 30 minutes a day, 4 - 5 times a week—less than 1.2 % of their time—because that is all they will ever need. They meet life’s obstacles with physical, mental, and spiritual strength. They care about how they look, and they look good. They thrive on the energy exercise gives them every day. How it washes away so many of the bad things in life—depression, anxiety, nervous- ness, tension, boredom, impatience… It lets them think easily and clearly. They know how much worse their lives would be if they did not exercise, so they simply don’t let that hap- pen. They are in control, not their excuses. EXCUSES, EXCUSES… Just look around you at the gym (if you still use a gym, that is). The people who are in the best shape are usually not in an aerobics or yoga class, or being toted from machine to machine by some trainer with a clipboard. They’re the ones working out alone. The ones, who have the drive and knowledge to customize their own strength training routines. Yet even they haven’t taken the final step of independence: Walking out of that fitness center and never returning. So much of what people have learned about fitness only hinders their potential. Fitness centers, classes, trainers, bench presses, dumbbells, machines, and gadgets are all crutches, excuses not to buckle down and reach your optimum level of fitness. The ironic thing is that people often feel they have to put themselves through far harsher and lengthy routines in the gym than the more effective bodyweight programs explained in this book. I’ve visited hundreds of gyms in my career. And the proof is in the pudding. I look at the people there. Then I look at my SpecOps troops. The difference is night and day. And you can achieve this difference with an amazingly small sacrifice of your time. I mean, who cannot really find the time or willpower to workout for 20 – 30 minutes, four or five times a week, and completely change their life? Keep in mind, you can certainly do my program with a buddy, but don’t ever depend on a workout partner—that’s just another crutch, another excuse not to workout effectively when you’re by yourself, whenever you want, wherever you want. 99% of the truly fit men and women I know are the ones who do it by themselves. You need to build full independence into your regime to be successful over the long term. Only you know what you need and when you need it, only you feel your muscles, lungs, bones and ligaments. In the end only you can get you into shape. And that’s all you need: You. There will never be the “perfect” time and condition to do a workout. You have to cre- ate it, just as we all create excuses, every day, every hour, every minute, not to workout. If you train in the morning, it’s the snooze button that rears its ugly head and threatens you with an out-of-shape, second-rate life. When it’s time to get up to train or hit snooze, we’re faced with a decision. Sleep for an extra thirty minutes or workout. You want to get into the best shape of your life, but you’re so tired and you had a long night and today will be even busier and… It goes on. We’ve all been there. You want to be in great shape but you also don’t want to let go of your comfort for thirty minutes. You want to be leaner but you don’t want to go through the hassle of break- ing old eating habits. You want to workout but you also want to sit on the couch and relax. The examples are endless. Your mind can be simply awesome at manufacturing excuses. The bottom line is what is more important to you: Your goals or whatever is in the way of you achieving them? The next time you skip a workout because of some excuse, you’ll know why. That ex- cuse was more important to you than the goal you set for yourself. You failed. I’ve seen it time and again: Quitting and failing quickly become a habit. It gets easier as we give in to it, while our commitment and resolve are strengthened every time we don’t give in to weak-mindedness. 40 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, The fact is that one of my short workouts pays enormous dividends once it’s over: Stress is washed away, your mind and body are revitalized, your self-esteem is lifted, and those feel-good endorphins explode through your body. This is the outcome of letting the world and its excuses wait, and taking a few minutes for yourself. It pays off in spades. Never giving up and keeping an achiever’s attitude is a matter of having a vision. Once you have a clear idea of what you want—whether it’s bigger muscles, a thinner waist, better legs, or to do five straight Handstand Push Ups—it’s time to plan your work and work your plan. Failing to plan with the end in mind is a common mistake. In the military, mission planning is done with a “backwards planning” timeline. You start with actions at the objec- tive and plan backwards from that point after thoroughly establishing what the objective is, what criteria must be met for mission success, and how they will be achieved. Then, execu- tion is simply a matter of not giving up. You already have in your hands an effective training program and sound nutritional advice, a simple tool to get you into the best shape of your life. That is a very real, attain- able goal. Consistently training and eating properly will get you there. It really is that easy. The only thing stopping you is you. Remember, this is not about long workout programs, or some crazy restrictive diet. The minutes spent exercising four or five times a week will be more than made up for with the new efficiency with which you conduct the rest of your life. There are hundreds of benefits to regularly following an effective physical training pro- gram, but one that is often overlooked is your improved ability to serve others. It will not only make you strong and lean, but it will strengthen your resolve. Your friends, loved ones, and coworkers will get a stronger version of you. Take the time to serve yourself, so that you can better serve others. That, above all, is beautiful. But let’s face it, the # 1 reason people want to workout is to look better. You don’t see before and after pictures of people’s hearts and lungs, or their improved aerobic capacity, or their renewed vigor in their relationships and business. We’re all a bit vain and want to look good. So use your vanity to your benefit. Look in the mirror and use that dissatisfac- tion or pride that you feel to motivate you. As you continue to train you’ll see the results: New lines, a new shape, the curves of growing muscles, a hardness you didn’t have before. Your body will change. With consistency, you’ll start to look better and you will always continue to. I saw it in Combat Control and Pararescue trainees all the time. The classes would start with what seemed to be boys and by the end there was something different about them. They were muscular, lean, balanced, all around athletes, but there was more. They carried themselves differently. They knew themselves better. They dealt with the enemy within on a daily basis and they were winning because they were still there. Day in and day out, for months they were tried and tested, but they never quit. Those young men valued their per- formance more than they valued their comfort, and they knew when to ignore the mind’s Motivation 41, reasoning. They had became their own masters. It showed in everything they did. As it will with you. You will have command over a stronger, healthier body. Each day you decide what form your body will take through commitment, perseverance, and vision. The dozens of excuses that your mind fabricates when you’re tired or short on time are ignored. You press on because you have set a goal, and falling short of your goals is as habit forming as every- thing else you do in life. You realize that giving in to your excuses becomes easier the more you allow it, and that your resolve strengthens each time you don’t. You must temporarily set aside your comfort and train, because you have made a decision to become a better per- son, one short workout at a time, and that is simply more important than any fatigue or stress that you might be dealing with. It’s a small, immediate sacrifice for a long and healthy life. -Hooya!- GET YOUR FOOT IN THE DOOR AND YOUR HANDS ON THE FLOOR As with many things, the hardest part is often just getting started. Next time you don’t feel like training, try tricking yourself. Tell yourself that you’re just going to do a few sets of something or a quick 10-minute workout. What you’ll find is that usually, after you get warmed-up, you start feeling better, your energy surges, and those few sets turn into a full- blown workout. Worst case, you end up with an abbreviated workout. It’s still better than doing nothing! Heck, if you’re really not feeling it, just play around with some exercises. It doesn’t always have to be so structured or serious. The great thing is that you don’t even have to leave the room you’re in. Just drop down and do some Dive Bombers, or lie under your desk and crank out some Let Me Ups, or grab your door and start some Door Pull Ups. I often have workouts where all I do is play around with different exercises. Have fun with it. Crunched for time? I’ve done workouts that consisted of 100 non-stop 8-Count Body- builders or Burpees or a mix of the two in a hotel room. The whole workout only lasts about 8 minutes. It’s a kick in the butt, but it proves you don’t need much time to get a good workout, just a little bit of motivation. 42 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, SETTING BULL’S-EYES… AND HITTING THEM! You probably won’t get there if you don’t know where “there” is. So what exactly are your goals? And what are the excuses that get in your way? It’s good to write down both your goals and your excuses. Identifying your excuses will make you more aware of them. It’ll take the wind out of their sails. It’ll make it easier for you to identify those “reasons” for not training for what they really are: Useless excuses that stop you from reaching your goals. When you write out your goals, make them specific and quantifiable. The more specific the better. Your overall goal may be just to get fitter, but that’s like going to target practice with a blindfold on. Only with more specific, quantifiable goals will you start aiming at real tar- gets. Each goal you set gives you a bull’s-eye to aim for. Learning to direct your limited en- ergy toward specific tasks will not only improve your quality of work, it will also increase the likelihood of you achieving what you set out for. Make sure your goals are realistic. Remember, the tortoise wins the race. It’s not about going gung ho for 10 weeks, loosing 15 pounds, and then falling back into your old rou- tine. This book is a tool that will help you make long-term changes for lasting results. If you’re trying to cut 20 pounds before your friend’s wedding in three weeks, you got the wrong book. (Not to mention that’s impossible unless you’re losing mostly water weight.) Also, watch out for conflicting goals, such as stacking on big muscle while trying to drop down ten pant sizes. Those are two opposite directions for your body. Don’t get me wrong, you can do both—particularly if you are exercising for the first time in a long time— but each detracts from the other. It’s like trying to increase your one rep max on the squat while decreasing your 10 km run time. Each would have better results if done exclusively. The body only has a limited amount of recuperative energy. You do not have separate en- ergy reserves for different tasks. If you’re trying to get leaner and gain significant muscle mass, it’s best to first train with your emphasis on gaining, and then, only after reaching your desired muscularity, switch to loosing fat. Your goals should answer at least these two questions: How much of something do you want to gain, loose, or do? What is your timeline? Example: Goal: I want to be fitter. (Too general!) Motivation 43, Better Goals: Loose .5 lbs of body fat per week. Be able to do all the exercises in the Basic program by my birthday. Go one week without chugging pancake syrup. Go one whole 10-week program without missing a workout. Excuses: I don’t have time. I’m too tired. I’m in a bad mood. I don’t feel like it. I need to relax. I’ll start over next week. I’ll make up for it. Bullshit. After you’ve written your excuses out, just take a look at them. Remember them and decide now that when you hear these thoughts again, you’re going to workout despite them. Know thy enemy! He will take many forms and shapes and have many sneaky spin- offs. 44 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 9. INTENSITY ONE OF THE MOST CRUCIAL, yet commonly neglected aspects of any training regimen is in- tensity—how hard you’re pushing yourself. My workouts may be short, but some are intense. They require grit and determination. To see the greatest benefits of my proven training method you’re going to have to let go of your comfort occasionally. That’s the deal. In return, you will look and feel better than ever before. All those infomercials, with celebs and models smiling their pearly whites while rock- ing back and forth on some ridiculous contraption, are lying to you. Getting in great shape requires some sacrifices. Not sacrifices of time, but instead putting your goals before your comfort. There is a huge difference between going through the motions and really putting effort into a workout. I saw it constantly training Special Operations troops. My response to trainees that were not putting out 100%: “You obviously value your comfort more than your performance. Start over!” This would continue until they either gave it their all or quit the program. Unfortunately, we can’t all be so blessed as to have a screaming military instructor keeping us motivated (heh, heh…), so it’s up to you to be mindful of the human tendency toward comfort and not let that stifle your progress. Whatever you do in life reinforces patterns and habits. Quitting or coasting, when it’s time to drive on, reinforces that behavior and makes it more likely that you’ll do it again the next time. Likewise, every time you push through discomfort and put your goals before your comfort, your resolve is strengthened. Your behavior now directly affects your behavior in the future. If you find yourself walking away from a workout with a little bit of guilt, telling your- self you could have done better, just resolve to get a few more reps or sets the next time around. Focus on progressing, and know that often, especially the more advanced you are,, the difference between making progress and staying in a rut is in those last couple of reps that take every bit of will power to accomplish. Arnold Schwarzenegger once stated that it was the last couple of reps of each set that caused muscle growth. It’s here that the elite are separated from the majority. For many of my exercises I’ll give you ways to “kick it up a notch” and move on to a harder variation of an exercise. Of course, there’s other ways to increase the resistance as well, as I’ve already described: Increase or decrease the amount of leverage; perform an ex- ercise on an unstable platform; use pauses at the beginning, end, and/or middle of a movement; turn an exercise into a single limb movement. Using one limb rather than two not only causes more fibers to fire in the targeted muscle, but also works your stabilizing muscles more. Don’t get me wrong, not every workout needs to be a kick in the ass, but without a doubt, there are times when a swift kick is exactly what we need. But not to worry, if you follow my program, you’ll be eased into it. It’s important to first become proficient at these new movements and develop a fitness base (during which time you’ll also make good gains) before you can safely and effectively push your limits during high-intensity workouts. Your body will adapt quickly to these new movements, and there is a great sense of discovery, ac- complishment and joy you can look forward to as your mind and body conquer new movements. “Ladders,” for example, don’t require much intensity and it’s actually discour- aged that you push yourself to the point of muscular failure, since these workouts are de- signed to develop movement proficiency and a solid foundation for more intense training. Others, such as Stappers and Tabatas, are meant to be high-intensity. So how do you know how hard to push yourself for the different workouts that you’ll find in this book, and how will you adjust the intensity to suit your abilities? Each of the workouts in this book will be marked with an appropriate intensity rating on a scale from 1 - 4. If you find that any of the sample movements in a program don’t allow you to stay within these parameters then feel free to change the actual exercises. Whether a movement is too easy or too difficult matters not. If a particular exercise is getting too easy, and it al- lows you to exceed the rep scheme for a particular workout, then change to a more chal- lenging variation or exercise. TAKING IT TO THE LIMIT In order to build muscle we need to apply the right stimulus, and occasionally it’s nec- essary to take yourself to muscular failure and even beyond, especially the more advanced we become. We just need to be sure to use these techniques very sparingly, since their overuse will quickly lead to overtraining. After taking a set to complete or near failure you can try the following: 46 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, • Switch to an easier variation of the same exercise or another exercise that works the same muscles and take that movement to failure. For example, if you’re doing Push Ups with your feet on a desk, after you hit muscle failure, try dropping your feet to the floor and once again going until you can’t anymore. Or if you’re doing them standing on the floor with your hands on a desk, try doing a few more reps with your hands on something higher like a windowsill. • Try prolonging the last negative movement, a technique I often use. For example, you’ve just done your last set of Chinese Push Ups to muscle failure, now try lowering your head to the ground as slowly as possible, fighting it the whole way. If you need to, you can also try “cheating” your way back to the fully extended position of the exercise. For exam- ple, by dropping your knees to the ground in order to push yourself back up. And then do one super slow negative after “cheating.” See if you can make it last 30 seconds! • Do several more reps using 3 - 5 second negatives, “cheating” your way to the fully extended position of that exercise. • Hold the fully extended or contracted position as long as you can. • Intentionally pause for 3 seconds at the most difficult part of a movement. A great way to overcome “sticking points” and develop strength. This is typically halfway through a rep. For example, try pausing with your elbows—forearms and upper arms—at a 90-degreee angle during a set of Push Ups or Pull Ups. • After muscle failure, crank out a couple of half reps to finish yourself off. • A combination of any of the above mentioned techniques! Intensity 47, -Hooya!- NO PAIN NO GAIN? Yes, but we have to learn to differentiate between good pain and bad pain. Discomfort caused by muscle fatigue or lactic acid build-up—that burning sensation as your muscles swell and you’re giving it your all—is good. It means you’re pushing yourself sufficiently hard. Similarly, some muscle soreness the day after a workout means your muscles are recuperating and growing. But discomfort in your joints, bones, tendons, or ligaments, or sharp shooting sensations is bad, and you should stop immediately. Pushing through that sort of discomfort hurts your fitness, and may force you to take off more time than necessary. Give yourself time to recover from injuries. While recovering, perform exercises that don’t aggravate the injury. A common pitfall is continuing to train on a minor injury—instead of taking a couple of days off to heal—then next thing you know it becomes a chronic injury that puts you down for weeks or months. Never train through “bad” pain. There’s a fine line between hard and dumb. Don’t push until minor injuries become major ones, but at the same time, don’t let minor injuries get in the way of you reaching your fitness goals. It’s easy to let the old “I’m injured” excuse keep you from training when it shouldn’t. Instead, train around a minor injury, being sure not to do anything that aggravates it. For instance, if your right elbow is bothering you, simply use movements that do not stress it. I have a link to an excellent source of information about causes, symptoms, and treat- ments for a wide variety of sports injuries at Of course, nothing can or should replace the expert eye of a qualified professional. Remember, when in doubt, always seek the advice of your health professional. 48 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 10. TRAINING TOOLS ONCE YOU LEARN THE EXERCISES and get a real feel for them you’ll no doubt want to con- struct your own programs that can be changed and modified in seemingly infinite ways. You’re not in the gym, there’s no one to impress. Don’t train your ego. Train your muscles to perform the exercises correctly. Sets and repetitions (reps) are the most common method of structuring workouts. A repetition is one complete movement of a particular exercise. Doing nine Push Ups trans- lates to nine reps. A set is one complete series of reps from beginning to end. The completion of nine Push Ups is one set of nine reps. When deciphering a workout routine, the number of sets are written first and the number of reps second. 3 x 12 is three sets of twelve reps each. Reaching failure means that the set is to be done until another rep is not humanly pos- sible. It requires a lot of intensity, drive, and determination, but it is well worth the effort. It is that very last rep that sends the message to your body that there is a demand for greater strength and more muscle. All other sets and reps are for the purpose of bringing you to that final point of failure, and other than that, the only use they have are to warm you up, improve technique, and raise your heart rate. Each muscle group only needs to be worked once a week. While the program splits them into four sections: Push, Pull, Core, and Legs, you can also replicate a standard gym training regimen. Break your muscles up into: ! Shoulders (8 to 12 sets) ! Triceps (6 to 9 sets) ! Chest (8 to 12 sets) ! Lats (8 to 12 sets) ! Biceps and forearms (6 to 9 sets) ! Core (6 to 9 sets) ! Thighs (8 to 12 sets) ! Calves (8 to 12 sets), If you tackle two muscle groups a day, you’re only working out 4 days a week. Some- times I like to spend less time per day, but more days overall, really cranking up the inten- sity of the sole muscle group I work that day. I might workout 5 or even 7 times a week, but only do one body part each day. You can do the standard, tried and true, typical strength training program: Do a set to failure, rest for 2 - 3 minutes, then another set, doing 3 or 4 sets each of 3 or 4 different exercises for each muscle group. But for those who want to throw some spice into your regimen, here are some of my favorite training techniques. Have fun with these, use them to construct your own pro- grams, and any and all can be combined with methods found under Taking It to the Limit in the last section. Ladders : Perform one rep of any exercise, rest, perform two reps, rest, perform three reps… Keep increasing your reps until going any higher would cause you to hit muscle fail- ure on subsequent sets. Once you’ve reached that point, come back down without repeat- ing the highest number. The rest intervals are the time it just took you to perform your reps. So you’ll have more rest as the numbers get higher, and less rest as the numbers get lower on the way back down to one. Try doing them for ten minutes with a single exercise. If you’ve reached the bottom of your Ladder (1 rep) and the set time hasn’t expired, simply start another ladder. It’s a great, high-volume, low-intensity method to build movement proficiency of any exercise. Train yourself to perform the exercises correctly. If you reach muscle failure at any point during your ladder workout, you went too high before coming back down. It’s okay to perform a ladder workout in the low rep range—possibly even using repeated single reps towards the end of the workout, in order to avoid hitting failure. Exercises where you al- ternate sides are done by performing the designated number of reps on both sides before resting. Push-Pul l Ladder : Perform a pushing movement immediately following a pulling movement using the Ladder format, without rest between sets. Using Pull Ups and Push Ups is a favorite in the Combat Control community. Stappers : Choose any number of exercises and repetitions, and repeat as many cycles as possible in 20 minutes. Usually three or four different exercises is best. Be sure to keep your reps low enough not to hit failure during the first couple of rounds of sets. It’s okay to take short breaks because of muscle failure, but try to keep rest to a minimum. This one can be a real butt kicker. Supersets : Perform one exercise immediately after another. This is best done with dif- ferent exercises that emphasize the same muscle group. For example, doing a set of Let Me 50 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Ins after a set of Door Pull Ups is a fantastic way to stimulate all the muscle fibers of your back, biceps and forearms. Interval Sets : Usually done with 1, 2, or 3-minute intervals. Begin the exercise as soon as the interval starts, go until failure, and then rest until the interval is elapsed, at which point you begin the next set. The Easy Gleason : With a continuously running clock do 1 Pull Up the first minute, 2 Pull Ups the second minute, 3 Pull Ups the third minute... continuing as long as you are able. You can do this with any exercise. Timed Sets : Do as many repetitions as possible of one exercise in a given amount of time. For example, how many Dive Bombers can you do in 10 minutes, no matter how many sets it takes you? Or do 20 second sets, followed by 40 seconds of rest, every minute for 20 minutes. By increasing or decreasing the duration of sets, timed sets can effectively be used to develop power and/or muscular endurance. The shorter the set is, the higher the intensity should be and vice-versa. It can be likened to a 50-yard sprint compared to a 3- mile run. Short sets build power; longer sets build muscular endurance. Timed Workout : The opposite: Perform any given workout as quickly as possible. For example, see how quickly you can do 50 Dive Bombers, regardless of how many sets it takes. Tabatas : 20 seconds of exercise followed by 10 seconds of rest, for 8 rounds, for a to- tal of 4 minutes. You should do as many reps as possible in each 20 second set. If failure is reached during a 20-second work period, just pause at the bottom or top of the movement until the 20 seconds is up. This high-intensity training is superb in a time crunch. If you want a great workout, select just three different exercises that work the same muscle group, and do three Tabatas with a couple of minutes of rest in between. That’s only 15 minutes total workout time and you’re done! 52 Pick -Up : Shuffle a deck of cards. Ace through 4 are Push exercises, 5 through 7 are Pull, 8 though 10 Core, face cards are Legs. Overturn one card at a time, do a set of any of the appropriate exercises in your ability group, then turn over the next card. Go through the whole deck, taking as little time between sets as possible. Circuit Training : Perform a series of exercises, usually with relatively short rest inter- vals between sets and exercises. Work all major muscle groups and perform at least 2 sets per group. This allows a large number of sets, reps, and exercises to be done in a short amount of time for those with limited time or patience. An effective way of organizing a Training Tools 51, circuit workout is to designate work and rest intervals to a series of exercises and sets. 45 on/30 off, for example, means that all sets are performed for 45 seconds with 30 second rest periods. The exercises, duration, and intensity of the sets will determine whether it is a workout focused on power, muscular endurance, or both. Active Recovery : Simply perform any variety of back-to-back exercises with low to moderate-intensity and little or no rest between sets. The idea here is to maintain your tar- get heart range for 20 – 60 minutes. An easy formula to calculate maximum target heart range is to subtract your age from 170. Minimum target heart range is 10 less than this. For example, with a 30-year old: 170 – 30 = 140, 140 – 10 = 130; Target Heart Range = 130 to 140 beats per minute. Creativity : Don’t be afraid to combine any of the above mentioned techniques in as many variations as you can create. Got some favorites I missed? Or even some you invented yourself? Shoot me an email at, and I’ll name them after you. 52 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 11. THE EXERCISES HERE IT IS: THE BIBLE OF BODYWEIGHT EXERCISES. The essence of the book. Many of these 111 exercises I developed and named myself, others are little known gems, and still others are classics modified in new ways. Each exercise description details a single repetition. Obviously, you should do multiple repetitions for multiple sets with rest in between sets. For more advanced athletes, typically each set should be done until you hit muscle failure and cannot do another rep. You can find “Variations” at the end of many exercises to make them easier, as well as ways to “Kick it up a notch.” As you can accomplish more and more reps, switch to a harder variation of the same exercise, and then eventually switch to a more difficult exer- cise altogether. Please remember that each exercise is not simply about pushing or pulling yourself up as hard and fast as possible. Slow, controlled, negative movements are just as important in developing muscle. Breathing properly is also crucial for optimal performance and safety. In general, you want to exhale as your muscles contract, and inhale as your muscles stretch. Take Push Ups, for example: As you lower yourself down (muscles stretching) you should inhale, and as you push up (muscles contracting), exhale. Simple. A different method of breathing should be used when doing power movements that require maximum exertion, like weighted Pistols, incline One-Arm or Planche Push Ups, or Spidermans. For that, see The exercises are split into four sections: PUSH, PULL, CORE, and LEGS & GLUTES. If you work out four days a week, it’s a good idea to devote one day exclusively to each of these. Also, at the end, I’ve laid out some great all-around “Butt Kickers,” movements that develop most muscles in your body. Below the name of the exercise, you’ll find the muscle groups that each exercise devel- ops, in a descending order of emphasis. But keep in mind many of these exercises actually work much more than just these muscles. Unlike using machines and dumbbells, which, tend to only work one muscle group, bodyweight exercises tie your muscles together in a functional way by incorporating many at once, including your stabilizer muscles, leaving nothing lacking and nothing out of proportion. For example, unlike the bench press, Push Ups work much more than just your chest, shoulders and triceps. In fact, some of my trainees have stopped doing core exercises altogether, and instead just do my Push Up variations. And believe me when I tell you these guys and gals have 6-packs. We also labeled each exercise with a number from 1 to 4, indicating the level of fitness required, 1 being an easier movement, 4 a far more difficult one. This is not to say that an elite athlete cannot benefit greatly from using exercises that have a rating of 1, just that they will need to do more repetitions, or make them more difficult in one of the previously mentioned ways. Also, many exercises have variable ratings, depending on which variation you choose. These numbers are merely a suggestion, a guide. No one should ever think themselves only a “1” or a “3” and therefore only try exercises with those numbers. I encourage anyone to pick and choose from this encyclopedia and construct your own fitness program, or incorporate these exercises into your existing regimen. If you already have a good workout program in the gym, you can find exercises here that mirror your gym exercises, ones that work the same muscles (and more), and then simply substitute them for your usual gym exercises (and cancel your membership!). If you don’t have a routine yet, or want to try something new—or if you would like to follow a simple, specific program rather than mining through so many exercises—I encour- age you to embark on one of my fitness programs, which I detail after the exercises. Work- out just 4 - 5 times a week for 20 - 30 minutes, for 10-week cycles. There’s four programs for four different fitness levels, each utilizing the science of “periodization” to keep your body progressing, preventing burning out or getting stuck in a rut. -Hooya!- THE PARTS ARE GREATER THAN THE WHOLE Doing exercises a single limb at a time is one of the most effective ways to build all the components of fitness. Not only does it correct any imbalance which goes unnoticed when both limbs are working at the same time, but one limb working alone has more than half the power of both limbs moving together. This is because when you work both limbs at the same time a defense mechanism (called the bilateral deficit) kicks in, hampering some of your motor units in an effort to prevent injury to your body during your heaviest lifts. Thus unilateral movements like One-Legged Squats or One-Handed Let Me Ins, are safer and superior to doing a similar movement with two limbs using more reps or harder leverage. 54 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM,

Index of Exercises

4-Count Bodybuilders, 133 Half Squat Jumps, 111 Pistols, 115 8-Count Bodybuilders, 135 Ham Sandwich, 101 Planche Push Ups, 65 Handstand Push Ups, 81 Pogo Jump, 119 Advanced Sumo Squat, 105 Handstand Training, 82 PULL exercises, 84 Air Plunges, 70 Hanging Leg Lifts, 129 Pull Ups, 89 Arm Rotations, 76 Hello Darlings, 125 PUSH exercises, 56 Hip Extensions, 99 Push Ups, 58 Back Lunges, 106 Hip Power Movements, 110 Bam Bams, 100 Hip Raiser, 70 Quarter Squat Jumps, 111 Basketball Push Ups, 62 Hip Ups, 123 Beach Scissors, 122 Hop Around, 119 Rocking Chairs, 57 Bear Walk, 57 Horse Power, 137 The Roof is on Fire, 77 Beat Your Boots, 104 Hyperextensions, 130 Russian Twists, 123 Bent-Over Lateral Raises, 79 Bicycles, 126 Inverse Push Ups, 75 S&M Push-Ups, 131 Bouncing Push Ups, 62 Invisible Chair, 103 Seated Dips, 68 Box Jumps, 110 Iron Crosses, 128 Semi-Planche Push Ups, 65 Bulgarian Split Squat, 113 Iron Mikes, 108 Shoulders, 76 Burpees, 134 Shoulder Drop Push Ups, 60 Jack Knives, 128 Shove Offs, 61 Calf Raises, 117 Shrugs and Kisses, 80 Chinese Push Ups, 71 King of the Klutz, 99 Side Jumps, 109 Classic Push Ups, 59 Side Lunges, 107 The Claw, 93 Lateral Shoulder Raises, 79 Side Triceps Extensions, 69 The Cliffhanger, 119 Ledge Curls, 91 Sissy Squats, 116 Close Grip Push Ups, 71 LEG & GLUTE exercises, 94 Side V-Ups, 127 CORE exercises, 121 Leg Lifts, 125 Spidermans, 136 Core Stabilization, 131 Let Me In’s, 85 Squats, 102 Crab Walk, 69 Let Me Up’s, 87 Squat Thrusts, 112 Crunches, 124 Little Piggies, 120 Staggered Hands Push Ups, 61 Crunch It Ups, 124 Lunges, 106 Standing Knee Raises, 122 Curls, 92 Standing Leg Curl, 97 Maybe’s, 132 Standing Side Leg Lift, 97 Deep Push Ups, 60 Military Press, 76 Star Jumpers, 109 Depth Jumps, 111 Mountain Climbers, 62 Sumo Squat, 104 Dips, 74 Mule Kick, 96 Supermans, 130 Dirty Dogs, 96 Surface Triceps Extensions, 73 Dive Bombers, 64 No’s, 132 Swimmers, 130 Donkey Calf Raises, 118 One-Arm Push Ups, 66 Thumbs Up, 78 Farmer’s Walk, 137 One-Legged Romanian Dead Lifts, 98 Towel Curls, 90 Flags, 129 One-Legged Romanian Dead Lifts with Toyotas, 108 Flutter Kicks, 125 Jump, 111 Triceps, 68 Forearm Curls, 93 One-Legged Squats, 114 Front Shoulder Raises, 80 One-Legged Squat with Jump, 111 V-Ups, 127 Full Squat Jumps, 111 Overhead Press, 78 Overhead Squats, 112 Wall Squat, 103 Get In Line, 72 Wide Grip Push Ups, 60 Good Mornings, 95 Pec Crawl, 63 Pec Flies, 67 Yes, No, Maybe’s, 132 Half Dive Bombers, 63 Pillow Humpers, 130

The Exercises 55


PUSH  Exercises

Most PUSH exercises focus primarily on your pectorals, shoulders, and triceps. But one of the many great things about doing them with only your bodyweight is that they work so many more muscles as well. For example, unlike bench pressing, doing Push Ups will strengthen your abs and the rest of your core. In fact, once you progress to the more intense types of Push Ups, like Semi-Planche or One-Arm Push Ups, you won’t need to work your core separately at all. Unlike the other three sections, we’ll lead this PUSH chapter with an exercise you already know—the Classic Push Up. You’ll notice the Push Up description is long, but this is not your daddy’s Push Up. And once you understand the many variations, particularly altering your leverage, you’ll see that there’s almost countless ways to do a Push Up. For those who don’t think they can ever do a single good Push Up, I’ll show you how to easily work into it. The more posture, and I’ll walk you through Handstand and One-Arm Push Ups, and even insane strength tests like the Planche Push Up. I round these off with a few workouts that focus squarely on your pecs, then we’ll move on to triceps, and 56 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Rocking  Chairs

  pectorals,  triceps,  deltoids,  core  (1) Start in the beginning position of a Classic Push Up, your body in a perfect line, your arms straight and your hands directly beneath your shoulders upon toes, keeping your arms straight. Return slowly back to the starting position. Ready to kick it up a notch? Again, start in the beginning position of a though you’re indeed doing a Push Up. Once you’re in the bottom position, toes. See how long you can do this for. Or you can complete a Push Up after each rep.

Bear  Walk

  shoulders,  pectorals,  triceps,  traps,  core  (1) Simply place your hands on the ground a few feet in front of your toes, and start crawling on your hands and feet. Have some fun. This is a good exercise for a beginner, because it uses so many muscles at once. You’ll start to feel it after a while. It’s also a great exercise to do at the end off your entire upper body. PUSH  exercises 57,


Any exercise where you are using your arms to push yourself or an object against gravity will strengthen not only your pectorals, but your shoulders and triceps as well. With any type of Push Up, putting your hands closer together than shoulder-width will put more emphasis other and thumbs touching each other), and keep your elbows in close to your ribs throughout the movement. Similarly, a wider than shoulder-width hand position focuses more on your pecs. - ders. The higher the surface, the harder it gets, and the more you’ll be shifting the concentration to your shoulders. articles about certain exercises that work the inside or outside, upper or lower pectorals, it is physiologically impos- Ups will not develop your outer pectorals more than the inner portions. Similarly, putting your feet up on something regions of your pectorals than it will the lower regions. But elevating your feet will put added emphasis on your front deltoids, which the pectorals overlap, and thus added shoulder development may push out the upper pectoral region. Most of you are probably familiar with the Classic Push Up. The following explanation is for those new to remember, you’re not in the gym anymore, there’s no one to impress by throwing heavy plates around, and in the process weakening or injuring yourself. 58 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Classic  Push  Ups

  pectorals,  triceps,  deltoids,  core  (1-4) Lie down on your stomach, feet together, with your hands directly below your shoulders. Push yourself up off the ground. Throughout the entire movement, your body should be in a straight line. From your heels to your neck, nothing should be bent. Be especially certain not to let your pelvis drop toward the ground, or let your butt stick up in the air at all. Weak form means a weak core. Keep your midsection tight! Let your chest fall until your upper done by touching your chest to the ground. Variations: If you’re not ready for the Classic Push Up, you can start working up to it by placing your hands on an elevated surface, like a table, bureau, armrest of a futon or couch, or a wall. The higher the surface, the easier it gets. This is a supe- rior method of working up to a Classic Push Up than simply putting your knees on the ground and doing Push Ups, be- cause it will help you develop the impor- tant core strength needed. telephone book to a coffee table to your bed, the higher it is, the harder it gets. hold your other leg up in the air while you do Push Ups. You can alternate legs between reps or sets. Ready to kick it up a notch? Put your feet up on any unstable platform, such as a basketball. This will help Wherever your feet are, you can always increase the resistance further by putting some extra weight on your back like PUSH  exercises 59,

Wide  Grip  Push  Ups

  pectorals,  shoulders,  triceps,  core  (2-3) place your hands farther apart than shoulder-width, thus shifting the em- phasis to your pectorals.

Shoulder  Drop  Push  Ups

  pectorals,  triceps,  deltoids,  core  (2-3) A great way to hit all your PUSH muscles from new angles. This exercise is just like a Classic Push Up, except that you bring one shoulder down to the ground, while keeping the other as high after. On the next set, switch the starting side.

Deep  Push  Ups

  pectorals,  triceps,  deltoids,  core  (2-3) Find two even surfaces to place your hands on: phone books, reams of paper, foot stools, full boxes, whatever. Or you can use three similar chairs, one for your feet, and one for each hand so that you can drop your chest down as far as possible between them in the bottom portion of the movement, really stretching your pectorals and del- until it is fully stretched. Again, keep your body locked in a straight line the whole time. Variation: Putting your feet up on a surface like a low table or bed makes a big difference here. 60 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Staggered  Hands  Push  Ups  

  pectorals,  shoulders,  triceps,  core  (1-3) This is performed just like a Classic Push Up except one hand is slightly forward of the normal position and the other hand is slightly back. Switch hand positions every other set. This is a great exercise for attacking your muscles with varying stimulus. Variations: Elevate your feet or hands to make this exer- cise harder or easier.

Shove  Offs

  pectorals,  shoulders,  triceps  (1-4)   Great for developing power! Stand in front of an elevated surface, such as a sturdy desk, mantle, or windowsill. Then fall forward catching yourself on the surface with your hands, palms down. Lower yourself in a controlled manner until the surface is touching your lower chest. Push yourself up as quickly as possible, pushing off the surface with enough force to bring yourself back up to the standing position without ever bending at the waist. Variation: The lower the surface is, the harder the shove needs to be, and the more power you’ll build. PUSH  exercises 61,

Bouncing  Push  Ups

  pectorals,  triceps,  deltoids,  core  (3) This exercise builds explosive power. Same as a Classic Push Up, but push yourself up so hard and fast that your hands come up off the ground at the top of the movement when your arms are straight. When you return to Earth, don’t let your hands crash palms, then let your arms bend as your body falls back down in a controlled manner, until it’s time to explode back up again. Ready to kick it up a notch: Try doing these up onto phone books placed just outside or inside of your hands, and then pushing off the books and landing with your hands back down on the ground, alternating back and forth

Mountain  Climbers

  shoulders,  abs,  core  stability  (2) Start in the Classic Push Up position, keeping your neck, spine, tailbone, and legs all in a straight line, and your el- bows straight with your arms locked out and hands directly below your shoulders. Keeping the rest of your body totally locked in place, bring your left knee into your chest and place it on the ground. Straighten your left leg again and “jump” it to the starting position while, at the same time, pulling your right leg up toward your chest. Repeat this at a fast pace for a set time or number of reps. It should be as though you are running in place while in the Push Up position.

Basketball  Push  Ups  (3)

same as a Classic Push Up, except you balance one hand on a basketball. Bring the shoulder of the arm that is not holding the basketball as close to the ground as pos- sible. The shoulder of the arm that is holding the basketball will only come down to the basketball. For each set you do, switch which arm holds the basketball. Ready to kick it up a notch? hand to hand after each rep. You can also put both hands on different basketballs and come down until your chest is fully stretched. 62 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Pec  Crawl

  deltoids,  core,  pectorals,  triceps  (3) Start in the Classic Push Up position and crawl forward, using only your arms, dragging yourself on the balls of your drag yourself on the tops of your feet.) You may bend your elbows, but never beyond 90 degrees. Keep going until muscle failure. If you only have a small room to work in, just quickly turn back around every time you hit the wall.

Half  Dive  Bomber

  shoulders,  triceps,  pectorals,  traps  (3-4) air, hands on the ground about three or four feet in front of your toes, and your arms locked out and in line with your back. Lower your shoul- ders, then swoop your chest to the ground, stopping once your chest is between your hands, and from there, return to the starting position. It’s like doing a bodyweight “Arnold Press,” only using more muscles. Ready to kick it up a notch? Moving your legs closer to your hands closer to your hands, the more your butt will remain in the air at the PUSH  exercises 63,

Dive  Bombers  

  pectorals,  triceps,  deltoids,  core  (3-4) Surya Namaskar “Sun Salutation”) yoga posture. It will blast your chest, triceps and With your legs straight and feet spread a few inches apart, bend over at the waist and put your hands on the ground, about three to four feet in front of your toes as you would for Classic Push Ups. But instead of beginning with your body in a straight line above the ground like a Classic Push Up, push your butt as far as possible into the air, keeping your arms straight and in a line with your back. Sticking your chest out, swoop your upper body down in an arc so that the bottom position of a Classic Push Up), then sweep your head and shoulders up as high as possible, until your back is fully arched and you’re staring straight ahead, with your pelvis only a couple inches off the ground. that you are again in the bottom position of a Classic Push Up), and only then pushing your body back—this is the hardest part—until your arms are straight and in line with your back and your butt’s up in the air again. Maintaining an inverse arch in your back throughout the movement will help elongate your spine and stretch your hamstrings and calves. Variation: To make it easier, try spreading your feet wider than shoulder-width apart. To make it a lot easier, do them with your hands on a raised surface like a coffee table. Also, from the bottom position, with your back arched and your chest and eyes facing forward, you can simply lift your butt back in the air without properly reversing the entire motion, if that portion of the raising dumbbells straight out in front of you—only it requires more muscles—great for your front deltoids. Knocking out ten of these is reached failure. Ready to kick it up a notch? the ground. 64 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Semi-Planche  Push  Up  

  the  entire  upper  body  with  special  focus  on  the  chest,  shoulders,  triceps  and  core  (4) Make sure you’re properly warmed-up before doing this exercise. ground, and place your hands, palms down, near toward your toes. Push yourself up until your arms are straight. Only your hands and the tips of your toes should be touching the ground. The key here is to lean forward as much as possible, bending slightly at the waist but keeping your back straight. Your toes will slide forward a couple inches as you execute this movement so you may want to wear socks or shoes to protect your feet. Then lower your torso back to the ground in a controlled manner. Variations: This exercise gets easier if you start with your hands further forward than waist level, closer to your ribs. Ready to kick it up a notch? Put your feet up on a low surface like a phone book. Increase the height of the surface as you get stronger. You should also try keeping only one leg on the ground, the other in the air. Lean forward and put as little weight as possible on the leg that’s on the ground As you get better and better at these Push Ups you’ll eventually be able to lift

Planche  Push  Up  (4)  

Works everything in your body from your traps down to your glutes with emphasis on the chest, shoulders, and core. This is it—the ultimate Push Up. back toward your toes. Keeping your body straight, push yourself entirely off the ground until your arms are nearly manner. PUSH  exercises 65,

One-Arm  Push  Ups

  works  almost  everything,  especially  your  shoulders,  triceps,  pecs,  abs,  obliques  and  lower  back  (4) One of the greatest exercises on earth. But unfortunately this is not one you can just muscle your way into. It is not simply a natural progression from mastering other types of Push Ups. I’ve seen plenty of guys that could knock out 80 perfect non-stop Push Ups, and yet they didn’t have the strength and coordination to do a single proper One-Arm Push Up. So don’t be disappointed if you can’t do one right now. I’ll show you how you to work into it. First you always want to warm up a bit by cranking out an easy set of regular Push Ups. It’s best to start practicing Lean over and place your hands on the surface in front of you as if you’re going to do a Classic Push Up on it, only spread your feet a little wider than shoulder-width apart, and put your hands closer together than shoulder-width. Then take one hand and place it behind your back. Spread balance. Always keeping your shoulders paral- lel to the ground, come down as far as possible before pushing yourself back up. You need to keep the elbow of your working arm tucked into your ribs. Focus your weight on the outside edge of your palm, below your pinky shoulders squared and down away from your neck. You should remain squarely on your toes throughout the movement. 66 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM, It has an unusual feel to it because of the strong twisting force placed on the midsection. That is what makes this movement so spectacular, and why it will strengthen your abs and lower back so much. The key here is to keep your midsection as rigid as possible. Your natural tendency will be for your body to twist—don’t let it! Your body can no longer be only the sum of its parts. It must be one whole—every muscle tightly knit into its surrounding muscles. back muscles and protects your spine. Keep practicing until you can come all the way down until your chest almost touches the surface. Once you can do Try to do 10 to 15 sets spread over the day, each day, but only do about half the reps you need to hit failure. Keep it got the form down, you can start getting real workouts, going to failure as you would with any exercise. Ready to kick it up a notch?

Pec  Flies

  pectorals,  core,  shoulders  (4) Start out lying on your belly, your legs straight, toes up on side of you, so that your body is in a cross with your palms down, and a towel folded under each hand. Keeping your arms as straight as possible, slide your hands together. Your body should remain rigid, and not bend at the waist at all, as you come up off the ground. Slowly, in a controlled manner, slide your hands apart until your chest - sible throughout the movement. PUSH  exercises 67,


Your Triceps make up 2/3 of your upper arm, with your biceps making up the remainder. So whether you’re between, we’ve got just the stuff for you.

Seated  Dips

  triceps  (1-3) level. A table, chair, futon or couch armrest will all do the trick. With your back to the surface, place your palms on the edge of the surface be- hind you, your knuckles pointing forward. Walk your legs forward until they are straight out in front of you and your butt is only a couple inches from the surface. Lower your body straight down bending only at the elbows and shoul- should stay only a couple inches out from the surface. Push yourself back up until your arms are straight again. Variation: You can make this easier by bending your knees, bringing Ready to kick it up a notch? Put- ting your feet up on a chair, box, bed, table or other surface makes this more dif- pile some weight on your lap. 68 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Side  Triceps  Extensions

  triceps,  with  a  minor  focus  on  the  obliques  (3) Lie down on your right side so that your body is in a straight a pillow under your hip for com- fort. Take your right hand and grab your left shoulder with it, so that your right arm is bent over your chest. Place your left hand toward your head, below your right shoulder. Bending only at the waist, push your upper body up off the ground until your left arm is straight. Lower yourself in a controlled manner back to the starting position. When you’re switch sides.

Crab  Walk

  works  pretty  much  your  whole  back  side  with  emphasis  on  your  triceps  (1) one. PUSH  exercises 69,

Hip  Raiser

  triceps,  shoulders,  glutes  and  hamstrings  (2) on the ground on either side of your butt. your knees are bent at a 90-degree angle above your feet, and your body—from your shoulders down through your hips and upper thighs—is in a straight line. Let your head fall backwards so that you are looking at the ceiling, and slowly returning to the starting position.

Air  Plunges

  triceps,  lower  abs  (3-4) side bracing yourself against the ground. Lift your legs straight up until they are perpen- against the ground, raise your hips off the ground as high as you can, keeping your legs pointed up. Lower your hips slowly. Ready to kick it up a notch? Hold your hips up in the top position for three seconds before lowering them. 70 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Close  Grip  Push  Ups

  triceps,  pectorals,  shoulders,  core  (2-4) hands should be much closer, about one or two hand widths apart. Be sure to keep your elbows in toward your body at the bottom of the movement. The higher becomes. Alternatively, you can put your hands up on an elevated surface to make it easier.

Chinese  Push  Ups  

  triceps,  deltoids  (2-4) from your feet on the ground in front of you, then form a diamond with your at the hips so that you form a 90-degree angle between your torso and your legs. butt in the air, bend your arms at the elbow until the top of your head almost touches the ground between your hands. Keep your legs as straight as you com- fortably can throughout the movement. Push yourself back up to the starting position. Variation: You can make this exercise easier by placing your hands on an elevated Be sure to keep your butt way up in the air and a 90-degree bend in the waist regardless of the variation. PUSH  exercises 71,

Get  In  Line  

  triceps,  core,  shoulders,  pectorals  (3-4) This one is also like a Classic Push Up, but for one very important difference: your hands are in the same vertical line under your forehead. Be sure to keep your elbows in tight to your body throughout the movement, and try to come all the way down until your chest touches your lower hand. Switch your hands half- way through your set, or switch every other set. Variation: To make this a bit easier, you can place your hands almost, but not quite, in a vertical line. Imagine there either side of this imaginary vertical line—your right hand just to the right of the imaginary line, left hand to the left. This is a great way to begin doing this exercise until you develop the strength and balance required to align your hands vertically. Ready to kick it up a notch? If your right hand is the one under your sternum, lift your left leg up in the air, off the table or something really makes a big difference too. 72 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Surface  Triceps  Extensions

  triceps,  core  (3-4) The best exercise for fully stretching and strengthening the triceps. about waist level, like a stable chair, couch, railing, table, mantle, window sill, or a futon armrest like I use in the pic- tures. Grasp the surface with an overhand grip, with your hands shoulder-width apart. Lock your arms out to support your weight, then step back a little further than in a Push Up posi- tion above the surface. Keeping your body totally straight throughout the move- ment, bend your arms at the elbow and lower your body until your head comes down just be- low your hands. Your feet must have been positioned far back enough so that your head clears the surface. When you reach the maximum stretch in your triceps, press forward with your arms and raise yourself back to the starting position with your arms locked straight out. Be sure to keep your midsection tight in order to prevent bending at the waist. And also be certain to keep your elbows pointed straight down through the movement. Resist the temptation to let them go out to the sides. Variation: Beginners should try it using something as high as face level, like the top of a bureau or a mantle. The PUSH  exercises 73,


  triceps,  pectorals  (2-4) Find any two stable surfaces that are, or can be positioned, a couple of feet apart. The two surfaces should be equal bookcases, a window sill, and/or stools can all work. Place a palm on each surface, lock your arms out straight to your sides, bend your knees and suspend your body between the surfaces. Lower yourself as far as possible, your knees suspended in the air above the ground, and then push yourself back up. Again, only your elbows and shoulders should bend. Be sure not to swing your legs. It’s okay to use two surfaces that are not quite equal in height. For example, sometimes I do these by putting one hand on my mantle, the other on the sides every other set. Variations: You can push off the ground with your legs lightly to assist yourself and make it easier. Or put a chair behind you, and with knees bent, put your feet on the chair and use it to help push yourself up. If you can, try to pick your legs up off the surface during the negative part of the movement, and control your fall back down. It’s a great way to build up to doing these unassisted. Ready to kick it up a notch? You can wear a weighted backpack to make this exercise harder. 74 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Inverse  Push  Ups

triceps,  traps,  deltoids,  glutes,  lower  back  (3-4) Lie down on your back, with your legs bent, knees pointing pointing out and upwards. Push your entire body up so that your butt comes off the ground until your arms are almost straight. Arch your back until your shoulders and upper chest are in a line with your arms. Slowly lower yourself until your back is again touching the Ready to kick it up a notch? You can transform this move- ment into a great triceps exercise by holding the peak position, at right, then pushing yourself up again, for as many reps as you can manage. PUSH  exercises 75,


front deltoids. Only by developing all three heads will you build strong, toned and rounded shoulders

Arm  Rotations

  shoulders  (1) This is a great shoulder warm-up and cool- down, before and after more intense exercises. It’s also good for those who are just now get- ting back into exercise, either after an injury, or in older age. I’ve gotta admit though, I’ve conducted more than a few smoke sessions where intolerable numbers of only these have been done to obliterate trainees. Standing, make small or large circles while holding your arms straight out to both sides of your body. Go forwards for ten rotations, then backwards for ten. Variations: Making circles with your arms pointed straight in front of you will shift the focus to your front deltoids. your rear deltoids. You can also do arm rotations while holding your arms above your head.

Military  Press

  shoulders,  triceps  (2-4) Similar to a Chinese Push Up, except your hands are shoulder-width apart. Ready to kick it up a notch? Place your hands on a raised surface or surfaces, allowing your head to come below your hands, increasing your range of motion. For example, pull a chair close to a couch or futon arm- rest, put your hands on the armrest, put your feet up on the chair, bend at the waist so your butt sticks up in the air, legs and back straight, and lower your shoulders until the armrest touches the back of your neck. You can also put your feet on a chair and your hands on two other chairs, and bring your head and shoulders down between the chairs at the bottom of the movement. Or put a couple of full boxes, dictionaries or phone 76 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

The  Roof  is  on  Fire

  shoulders,  triceps,  pectorals  (3-4) This one blasts your shoulders, with secondary emphasis on your pecs and triceps. It may seem like a piece of cake… until you actually try it. Get on your knees. Push your hands straight up into the air four times, as though you’re raising an invisible weight from your shoul- ders. Push your hands up into the air eight times. Continue adding one push at a time, and multiplying the amount of Push Ups by four for the amount of hand raises you do in the air after each set. For instance, if you can get up to seven Push Ups, you will follow that with 28 hand raises. deltoids are burning like hell), pyramid back down to one, again doing four times the amount of hand raises as Push Ups. For instance, if you were able get up to 6 Push Ups, but then barely failed on your seventh, follow that with 28 - hand raises and you’re done! If you can get up to seven Push Ups this exercise will take about ten minutes total. Remember, the stronger you get the longer it’ll take. PUSH  exercises 77,

Overhead  Press

  shoulders,  traps,  triceps  (1-4) Okay, so this isn’t a bodyweight exercise, but it can be easily done with household items. Standing with feet shoulder-width apart, hold any heavy item, such as a weighted backpack or loaded box, to your chest. You can even use something like a large armchair, holding it upside down by the arms. The more unstable the weight, the more it works your muscles. Using different amounts of weight will obviously change this movement’s intensity. Keep your abs tight and back straight, and press the object straight overhead from your chest until your arms are locked. At the top of the movement, shrug your shoulders up as high as pos- sible and hold it fora1- 2 second contraction. Lower the object in a controlled manner back to your chest. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try doing an Overhead Press while at the bottom of a Squat, Front or Back Lunge, or Bulgarian Split Squat.

Thumbs  Up

  rear  deltoids,  lower  back  (2-3) up. Then lift your shoulders and head off the ground and multiple reps of these, holding your arms at the top of the - onds each time. Ready to kick it up a notch? and repeat. 78 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Lateral  Shoulder  Raises

  shoulders,  with  special  focus  on  the  side  deltoids  (1-4) While these are best done holding onto some sort of weight, the important thing is that - ing on your strength, holding anything from a couple of soup cans to milk jugs to full Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and your arms down to your sides. Keeping your elbows straight, palms down, raise both your arms straight out to either side until they are at shoulder height. At the top of the movement, point your thumbs down towards the ground slightly. Hold for two seconds. Then slowly lower your hands back down to your side and repeat. Variation: To work your traps, extend your range of motion by moving your arms in a full 180-degree arc and touch hands so that your thumbs are pointing up.

Bent-Over  Lateral  Raises

                 shoulders,  with  special  focus  on  the  rear  deltoids  (1-4) You won’t need to hold much weight at all to perform these properly. They’re the same as Lateral Shoulder Raises, only bend When doing this exercise, be sure to focus on the contraction at ball between your shoulder blades and hold each contraction for 1-3 seconds. This exercise is great for developing the rear delts, which are a key to good shoulder development. Well-developed shoulders should be heart-shaped from the and front delts. Variation: PUSH  exercises 79,

Front  Shoulder  Raises

  shoulders,  with  special  focus  on  the  front  deltoids  (1-4) Same as Lateral Shoulder Raises only bring your arms up straight in front of you until they are at face level.

Shrugs  and  Kisses

  traps,  side  deltoids  (1-4) Standing, put your arms straight out to either shoulders up toward your ears, as high as abso- lutely possible and hold for 5-10 seconds. Really your arms up, lower your shoulders and repeat. Ready to kick it up a notch? Hold gallons of milk, water jugs, phone books, soup cans, cinder with rocks, or anything else. 80 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Handstand  Push  Ups  (4)

The daddy of them all. While these incorporate virtually every ma- jor muscle group in your body, primary focus is on the shoulders, with secondary focus on the triceps and core. Essentially, you’re doing a military shoulder press with your own can be marked up slightly, you’ll want to wear socks or non-mark- ing shoes for this exercise. Bare feet will eventually leave smudges, though they can easily be cleaned off. With your back to the wall, get down on your hands and knees so that your hands are about 3 feet from the wall and your heels are touching the wall behind you. One leg at a time, put your feet up against the wall behind you, then walk your feet up as high as possible on the wall. Only your hands, with elbows straight, will wall until they are about a foot away from it, letting your legs slide straight up the wall as you bring your body closer to it. You should now be in the perfect handstand position, with your body in a per- fectly straight line, from your hands to your feet. Lower yourself in a slow, controlled motion, until your head almost touches the ground between your hands. Push yourself back up until your elbows are nearly locked. Hold your upper body straight and your core tight as you per- form each rep, avoiding the tendency to arch your back. There are different ways to come out of the handstand. You can keep your butt in the air and simply swing your legs down one at a time to the side, then stand up, almost as if you were doing a cartwheel. Or, if you still have the strength you can walk your hands out away from the wall, and your legs down the wall, simply reversing the method by which you got into the handstand. If doing regular Handstand Push Ups is a bit much, and you need to get used to the head rush as well, try just hold- ing yourself up in a static handstand against the wall for set periods, like 15 - 30 seconds at a time. Variation: You can also try doing shrugs while in the handstand position for added trap development. And once you get good at doing Handstand Push Ups you can try doing static One-Handed Handstands. Place one hand below your head and lift the other hand up off the ground. Maintain this position as long as possible, and then switch to the other hand. Spreading your legs during the exercise is helpful. This really blasts your shoulders and PUSH  exercises 81, Ready to Kick it up a Notch? Lower yourself until your nose lightly touches the ground. Once you get strong enough, you can increase your range of motion by putting your hands on elevated surfaces like phone books, cinder blocks, or chairs, and bringing your head down in between the surfaces as far as possible. Be sure to use only very stable surfaces. Try doing Handstand Push Ups facing away from the wall. Start out standing, facing the facing the wall, and then kick your feet up and overhead. Try to maintain control of your legs and don’t bang your heels against the wall if you can help it. This method of mount- ing the wall will prepare you for getting into a handstand without the help of a wall. Execute the movement the same way as a regular Handstand Push Up. In order to get out of this supported handstand position drop one leg at a time in a controlled manner and stand up.

Arms  strong  as  legs…

Handstand  Training Ever wanted to do a handstand? It’s a great way to have some fun while blasting your shoulder strength through the stratosphere. Handstands are one of the best exercises for developing every single muscle in the shoulder girdle. Of course, if you’re like most people, doing a handstand doesn’t exactly come naturally. So I’m going to show you how. It’ll take some real diligence. But your training is not simply a means to an end, because it’s exactly this training that will yield the results. Finally doing a freestanding handstand is only the icing on the cake. Your effort and time will be rewarded by well-developed traps, broad shoulders, thick triceps, improved balance, and greater coordination. First you have to master the bodyweight Military Press. See the description for Military Presses above if you need a refresher. Keep your hands shoulder-width apart, with a 90-degree bend at your waist. Remember, the higher your hands are in relation to your feet the easier the exercise will be. If you need to, start out with your feet on the your feet up higher and higher as you get stronger, until you’re able to walk your feet up a wall and you are in a sup- ported handstand position. do them with your back facing the wall. Then practice holding a static handstand there. Try doing three minutes with as little rest and as few breaks as possible. You can use a clock or simply count the seconds—but try to avoid the One-Arm Handstand against the wall. Switch arms, back and forth, until you’ve done three minutes total. 82 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM, strength necessary to hold an unsupported handstand. So it’s time to develop the balance needed. For most people, this is the biggest hurdle. But it’s only a matter of patience and consistency. First, practice holding a handstand with the wall there to catch you. Place your hands about 6 inches from handstand for as long as possible. In the beginning, this may only be a fraction of a second. Keep pushing your heels - velop these skills better than hard infrequent training. Maybe you’ve got a particular spot or wall you use to do your handstand training. Well, get into the habit of trying an unsupported handstand every single time you walk by that spot, anywhere from 5 to 20 times a day. Work on maintaining control of your legs. Keep your legs together and toes pointed straight up. Besides When you get to the point where you can hold an unsupported handstand for a couple of seconds, it’s time to take the wall away. Be sure to practice on a carpet, because you’re going to fall. You must learn to recover without hurting yourself. That means being able to do a front roll as soon as you lose your balance. To do a front roll bend at the elbows in a controlled manner, tuck your chin into your chest, loosely tuck your legs, and roll forward onto your butt then your legs. You’ll be getting into the handstand position using the same method used to mount the wall when your back is facing it, only there will be no wall there. While practicing your handstands, pay special attention to the position of your legs and head and how they affect your balance. Again, spend some time every day trying to do a handstand without worrying about getting a good workout. Take your time. great exercise. Even if you can only get into position and hold it for a second or not at all. Keep doing it. You’ve got to take some tumbles in order to learn. You try and fall and try and fall and try again. It’s how I learned to ride a bike as well. You don’t need anyone holding you. You need stubbornness. Consistent training is key. Eventually you’ll fall less and less. And then one day, you’ll get it. You’ll be one in a million—one of the few, elite humans on this earth who can hold an unsupported handstand. - ported Handstand Push Ups—the pinnacle of all shoulder exercises! PUSH  exercises 83,

PULL  Exercises

those upper body muscles that PUSH ones don’t. There’s fewer separate exer- cises in this PULL section than other sections, but more variations, including ones that make it possible for virtually For example, don’t worry if you cannot do a perfect Pull Up right now. Under the Variations section I will show you how to work up to this crucial strength builder. Get to know each of these PULL exercises intimately and you’ll see how many different ways there are of doing them—shifting the emphasis between different sides of your forearms, biceps, and portions of your back and even rear deltoids. They’re all the exercises you need to build all the strength you want. 84 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Let  Me  In’s

  lats,  biceps,  forearms,  rear  deltoids  (1-4) The best overall exercise for your biceps and lats. I’m going to lay out several different ways to do this one, which will shift the focus onto the basics: Facing the outer, side edge of an open door, grab hold of the door- knobs on either side of it with each hand. Place your feet on either side of the door, pressing the door between them. Your heels should be directly below the doorknobs, so that you’re straddling the door. You need to be sure to have good traction Lean back. Straighten your arms. Bend your knees. Stick your butt out. Create a right angle between your straight spine and your thighs. down in a controlled motion, stretching your arms and shoulder blades out as far as possible at the bottom of the movement, always maintaining a 90-degree angle between your thighs and your upper body. Variations: To make this exercise easier, move your feet back. You can even start with your toes at the door’s edge. As you develop more strength, move your feet forward, inch by inch. Keep in mind that the further forward your feet over-handed, palms facing down, places more emphasis on the outsides of your in toward the door will place even more emphasis on the outsides of your fore- arms. While executing these with an under-handed grip will shift the focus to shoulder blades at the top of the movement, and stretching them out wide at the bottom portion, concentrates this exercise more on your back. Pulling your chest into your hands will work the upper back, rear delts and biceps more than pulling your belly into your hands, which shifts the attention to your lower back. PULL  exercises 85, To increase your grip strength, you can hook a towel around the door- knobs, as shown, and grip it close to the door- knobs as possible. Twist your wrists so that your palms turn slightly up- pull yourself in toward the door, thus recruiting different forearm muscles and working your biceps from different angles. For an easier grip, you can loop a larger towel, or a rope, around the door knobs and tie the ends together, creating a small loop to hold onto. - cise becomes. This exercise can also be done using a railing, a thin tree trunk, the end of a bike rack, a street sign, a balcony sup- a towel, or even just a thick rope with knots tied in the ends so your hands won’t slip off. Yet another thing you can do to increase the resistance is to lower your hand level, or even prop your feet up on something off the ground. For instance, I happen to have a lattice balustrade surrounding the deck of my apartment building. I put my hand on the top railing—which is waist high—and then I hook my feet into the lattice, about ten inches off the ground, then lean back, sticking my butt out as far as possible, and start cranking these out. The fact is, there’s myriad different ways to do Let Me Ins, but do yourself a favor and start with the basics. There’s simply nothing better to develop every muscle in your back and biceps. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try doing Let Me Ins one arm at a time! This’ll make a real difference in your fore- arm, biceps, and lat strength. There are many ways to do this, and different advantages to each of them. Gripping both ends of a towel wrapped around both door knobs is great for increasing grip and forearm strength, as is grip- ping any edge of a protruding door frame. You can also use any kind of pipe or pole rooted in the ground, or even a bent a coat hanger so that it looped around the door knobs on both sides of the door, then I wrapped a small towel around the “handle” for a softer grip. This can also be accomplished by looping a strap or rope around the knobs or a tree or railing or pole of any kind anywhere. 86 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Let  Me  Up’s

  lats,  biceps,  forearms,  rear  deltoids  (2-4) Lie on your back underneath anything that is stable enough for you to pull yourself up with, such as a desk, table, or some high if you are standing). It’s okay if the surface is a bit closer than arm’s length, but it’s not ideal because it will restrict your movement a little. Lie so that your chest is directly under the thing that you are going to use to pull yourself up on. Reach up and grab the bar or surface with your hands as close to shoulder-width apart as possible, your palms facing your feet. Keeping your body in a rigid line, from your ankles to your - ing your shoulder blades together. Only your heels should be touching the ground. Slowly lower yourself back down with- out letting go of the surface, really stretching out your back and arms at the bottom. Variations: movement easier. A wider grip will concentrate more on your lats and a narrower grip on your biceps. them over-handed—either holding a bar or onto the end of a table so that your palms are facing your feet—places more emphasis on the out- your palms are facing in toward your body—for example, lying beneath a table and holding onto opposite sides of it—will place even more emphasis on the outsides of your forearms. While executing these with a “Reverse Grip”—under-handed like in the photo to the left, will shift Ready to kick it up a notch? Putting your feet up on something like a small table or chair really makes a differ- complete the motion. PULL  exercises 87, You can also keep one leg in the air during a set to work your quad and abs more, as well as working your glutes and hamstrings since the one leg that is on a surface has to push down in order to keep your body straight during the exercise. Finding  something  to  do  Let  Me  Ups  on: tall stereo speakers, as shown. You can also use a mop or any pole that won’t break. You only need to lay it across two you name it. Unless you have a very strong pole, place the two even surfaces just barely wider than shoulder-width you can put two small nails around the broomstick on each surface to hold it in place, then, if you want, just remove the nails when you’re done and put them aside for the next time.) Got an old pair of crutches? Lay them across the two surfaces facing opposite ways so that the handles are about a foot apart and above your chest and get to work! Crutches are absolutely ideal tools for this exercise. Keep in mind, you don’t even need any kind of pole though. You can use a table or desk as well. This is what I do while on the road and training in a hotel room. Lie with your back on the ground under a table high enough that it’s at least arms-length away from you. Your chest should be under the end of the table, and your head poking the ground, pull yourself up until your chest touches the bottom of the table. Lower yourself slowly until your arms are straight and you can really feel the stretch in your back. If the table’s not too wide, you can also grab opposite ends of the table and pull yourself up. You can even do these underhanded by reversing your position under the table—in other words, lie so that your head is under the table and your body and legs protruding out from under- will allow you to do both Pull Ups and Let Me Ups in a doorway. Most Pull Up bars come with two pairs of mounts that you put at different heights. Mount one pair at the ideal height for Pull Ups and the other pair at the proper height for Let Me Ups, about waist-high. You can then also use this bar for Let Me In’s if you want. 88 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Pull  Ups

  lats,  biceps,  forearms  (2-4) The simplest way to always be able to do Pull Ups, no matter where in the world you over the top. If the towel is not big enough to keep the door from swinging shut, wedge a doorstop, another towel, or something else underneath the door or over one of the hinges. Face the door, place your hands shoulder-width apart on the cloth over the door, and bend your knees, letting your body hang along the door. Pull yourself up against the door until your chin is over the top. Lower yourself slowly until your elbows are straight, really feeling the stretch in your back and arms at the bottom of not allowing you to swing or kick your legs, and providing extra resistance from the slight friction of your upper thighs being dragged up the door. Alternatives to using a door: Of course, you can also do this same exercise using a Pull Up bar. A Pull Up bar is a small, removable, and inexpensive piece of equipment that will provide great development for your lats, biceps and forearms. They can also be found in many parks. You can even use a jungle gym. but thin enough to grasp in both hands. Grab it from either side, hands close together, your palms facing opposite directions, and pull yourself up until your chest touches the side grip variation on a Pull Up bar too. It really strengthens your biceps and forearms. Or you can use just about any kind of ledge such as a high stable shelf or even a set of actually step on. These can be found at many apartment complexes and motels, among other places. Standing underneath them, grab onto a stair high enough so your feet are off the ground, or bend your knees while holding a lower stair. Again, pull yourself up until your chest touches the stair with your hands on it. Variations: Can’t do a Pull Up yet? Use a surface, such as a chair, to put your feet on behind you, with knees bent, so you can use your legs to assist yourself throughout the movement. After you’ve done this for a while, or if this is too easy, try jumping to the top of the Pull Up position and concentrate on the negative movement by lowering yourself slowly in a very controlled manner. Keep at it until you build enough strength to pull yourself up without assistance. PULL  exercises 89, As with Let Me Up’s, a wider Pull Up grip will concentrate on your lats and a narrower grip more on your biceps. You can do these over- or under-handed, with the underhand grip—palms facing you—placing more emphasis on Ready to kick it up a notch? To make Pull Ups harder, wear a weighted backpack. You need very little weight to few seconds before lowering yourself.

Towel  Curls

  biceps,  forearms  (2-4) This one’s as simple as it is effective. Unlike with weights, you’ll be provid- ing your arms with the perfect amount of resistance throughout the entire set. Stand with your back against a wall for balance. Holding each end of a just enough to loop the towel under your foot. Using your leg to provide resistance to your arms, pull up on the towel until you can’t go any higher, usually until your forearms are at about a 30-degree angle with your up- per arms. The movement should take 5 seconds—count them off. Then 5 seconds to force your hands back down by applying more pressure to the towel with your foot. Only your forearms should move. You elbows should reps is all you need to do, no matter your strength, so long as you’re giving it maximum effort throughout the entire set. move up and down slowly at the same time. Variation: 90 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Ledge  Curls

  biceps,  forearms  (2-4) I love these. It’s the same as doing Towel Curls in that you make your body your leg. railing, balcony railing, strong shelf, drawer, protruding mantle, window- sill, or kitchen counter will all do the trick. Look around and be creative. stronger, or heavier, than you. Put your open hands, palms up, under the protruding surface, or in the case of a railing, just grip it as you would a barbell. Your pull the thing up. Literally try to rip it out of the ground or wall or whatever it’s attached to. As you’re doing this, slowly bend forward at the waist, keeping your back straight, only bending at the waist and elbows, until your chest or chin touches the thing you’re pulling against. Then slowly reverse the motion, leaning back until you are standing up straight again. Again, try to break the thing. Keep your elbows locked in place, down at the side of your body. Only your hips and instead go right into another rep. Each positive and negative movement should take 5 seconds, and 5 reps is all you need to really blast your biceps. I personally love doing these at the Variation: You can also do these with a side-grip, focusing more attention on the outsides of your forearms, much like - up and touching the ledge, like in the pictures. If you have ac- just grip a spindle at its top in each hand, and go to work, literally trying to rip up the railing as you do the exercise. PULL  exercises 91,


  biceps,  forearms  (1-4) can’t do Curls. Curls can be done with just about anything, Add things until you have the perfect weight and hold the top strap of the backpack. You can even make a proper stick that’s the proper width for a handle and use duct tape or electrical tape to fasten it to the back pack’s top handle. See Appendix 1 for a demonstration. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and good pos- ture—your chest out with your shoulders back and down. Keep your elbow locked in place on the side of your body, just above your hip, and curl the weight toward your shoul- der. Variation: -

Isometric  Curls require no equipment at all. Grasp

the wrist of your working arm with your other hand and push down on it so hard that you can barely raise your arm as you would with any other kind of curl. You are using the triceps of one arm to work against the biceps and forearm muscles of your other arm. 92 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Forearm  Curls

  forearms  (duh)  (1-4) Pick up any object that you can grip easily, like a phone book, bottle of water or juice, or just a can of soup. The longer and heavier the object—like a big hardback book or a closed laptop computer—the harder this exer- cise becomes. Hold your forearm out so that it is parallel to the ground. Hold your palm up, facing the ceiling, in order to work the insides the object up and down using only your wrist, pausing for a second at the top. Your forearm should always stay parallel to the ground and at a 90-degree angle with your upper arm. You can, of course, exercise both forearms at the same time—by gripping two similar objects or one larger object— or focus on just one at a time, your choice. Variation: A great way to tone both sides of your forearm at the same time, while increasing your grip strength, is to hold the object straight out and turn it over, back and forth, back and forth. Sometimes I do this after a regular set of Forearm Curls.

The  Claw

  hands  and  forearms  (1) As effective as it is simple. Repeatedly open and close your hands as tightly and quickly as pos- as possible, for half a second, then shut them with lightning speed, and clench them closed for half a second, before again opening them as fast as possible. 50 - 100 should do the trick. PULL  exercises 93,

LEG  &  GLUTE   Exercises

I’ll start you out easy here with some exercises for your hamstrings and glutes, including movements that might make your butt defy gravity, like Bam Bams. I move on to quad and squatting exercises—from starting with your back resting against a wall to Sumo and Sissy Squats and working up to unassisted One-Legged Squats and Pistols, the greatest exercise for overall leg strength and balance. I complement these with movements that build ex- - work all your calf muscles. 94 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Good  Mornings  

  glutes,  hamstrings,  lower  back  (1) Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and your hands behind your head. Then bow down, bending only at the waist, almost straight. You should feel tension in the backs of your legs. Bend over un- til you can’t anymore, always maintaining an arch in your back. chest out, throughout the movement. Your waist is the only thing that should bend. Return to the starting position. Hooya! Not  So  Good  Mornings   Hey, even I gotta take a break sometimes. few drinks. En route we came across a couple of young guys testing their jumping skills by trying to reach a bar sign hanging from a tall balcony. It must have been eight or nine feet up. After a few luckless attempts they moved on. Of course, when I was under the sign I couldn’t resist testing my “ups” as well, and to my surprise, I tapped the sign. We continued on to the bar and found the same fellas having a beer there. After chatting with them awhile, feeling froggy, I decided to bet them that I’m not quite sure why I thought this was a good idea, and I’d never tried it before, but we waited until the bartendress was turned the other way and— Luckily, the bet worked in our favor. I pulled it off, then leaped down before she saw me. Then it went double or nothing, and I landed it again. Finally, one of the young guys we’d challenged decided to give it a whirl himself, proclaiming to a bunch of nearby ladies that it was no big deal. He jumped, but didn’t quite make it. And just as the bartender turned around, he got his foot caught on the bar’s underside, and groping for something to break his fall straight That’s when we got kicked out and found another bar to try our stupid human trick. Round after round we went from bar to bar like a traveling circus with its freak show hustling for Irish Car Bombs. I’m proud to say that my greatest conquest reason I also thought it would be funny to jump down—not back to where I had been standing—but on the other side, be- It goes without saying that the next morning’s photo shoot was a bit painful. And the only reason I’m not grimacing in a few of these photos is because of the photographer’s constant reminders. I felt like a little kid who hates getting his portrait taken, over and over and over again... Good morning? Good night!

LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 95


Dirty  Dogs

(1) Get down on all fours. Your hands should be shoulder-width apart, your back straight and your knees bent at 90-degree angles. Keeping your knee bent at 90 degrees, swing your right leg out to the side as high as possible. Hold this peak position and contract your glutes for three seconds. - tion throughout the movement. Only your one leg should move. And remember: Then bring your leg back down to the starting position, and repeat the movement with your left leg. Ready to kick it up a notch? on one leg at a time until it’s exhausted, then switch to the other leg.

Mule  Kick

  hamstrings,  glutes,  lower  back  (1) Get down on your hands and knees with your hands shoulder-width apart, back straight and knees bent at a 90-de- Slowly kick your right leg straight back and up as high as down to the starting position. Then do the same with your left leg. Ready to kick it up a notch? rather do reps continually on one leg at a time until it burns like hell, then switch to the other. 96 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Standing  Side  Leg  Lift

(1) Stand with your feet hip distance apart, holding onto a chair or desk lightly for balance. In a slow and controlled manner, lift your right leg out to the side, keeping your hip, knee, ankle and toes all in alignment, and your foot position for two seconds. Then slowly lower your leg back down without relaxing your glutes. Be sure to keep the standing leg slightly bent. Also, make sure the toes and knee of the leg you are lifting face forward throughout the movement. The key here is to stay standing absolutely straight and keep your shoulders and hips stable, squared and facing forward. And, remember, don’t stick your butt back at all in the top of the movement.

Standing  Leg  Curls

  glutes,  hamstrings  (1) Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart with your hands lightly holding something in front of you for balance. Raise your right leg back and up as high as possible behind you. Curl your right heel in toward your butt. Hold for three seconds, to the ground, and repeat, until it’s time to switch to the other leg. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 97,

One-Legged  Romanian  Dead  Lifts

  hamstrings,  lower  back,  balance  (2) Stand upright with your feet together. Keep your back as straight as possible and reach down with your right arm un- til you have touched the ground in front of your left foot, raising your right leg straight behind you as you lower your upper body. Your knees should remain straight throughout the motion but not quite locked. Return to the upright position and then reach down and touch the ground in front of your left foot, again, but with your left hand this time. You have completed one rep after you have touched the ground with both hands. When you are done with your left leg, switch to your right. Ready to Kick it up a Notch? 98 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Hip  Extensions

  glutes,  hamstrings,  lower  back  (2-3) heels resting on an elevated platform such as a chair. Your - ing only your legs, push your hips upward as high as you can. Your thighs should be in a straight line with your back. Hold this peak position for a two second contraction, really your hips back to the starting position. Ready to kick it up a notch? leg at a time.

King  of  the  Klutz

(1-4) Stand on one leg. Close your eyes. That’s it. Seriously. Think it’s funny? See how long you can do it for. Ready to kick it up a notch? Once you can do that for a minute with no problem, try doing it with your eyes open, but your head back, looking at the ceiling straight above you. And once you’ve conquered that for a minute, try doing it while looking up and keeping your eyes closed. when you’ve got that down, try it on a curved surface like a log! LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 99,

Bam  Bams

  glutes  (2) If you get into the habit of doing these after you’re done with Lunges or Squats it shouldn’t be long until it looks like your rear end skipped physics class the day they taught gravity. surface like a dinner table, coffee table or desk) so that the corner is be- low your pelvis and your entire legs are hanging off the bed to either side of the corner. If you wish, you can place a pillow underneath your pelvis the bed or table. Spread your legs as wide as possible, then, with your knees only very slightly bent, lift your legs off the ground as high as pos- sible. Bring them together until your heels lightly touch, keeping your knees only slightly bent. Your feet should create a crescent arc through the air as you bring them up as high as you can. Be sure hold it for three seconds. Then slowly lower your legs back to the reps should do the trick. 100 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Ham  Sandwich

(4) something heavy like a couch, or, if you have a partner, have them hold your ankles down. Start with your body upright and keep your back straight. Only bending at your knees, let yourself have a controlled fall, face - trolled manner. Only bend at the knees. Your hips should not bend at all. Your back should stay in a straight line with your thighs. Control is the key here. Use your hamstrings to slow your fall down as much as possible palms. It should make almost no noise when your hands hit the ground, because you are not slamming them into the ground. Then let your chest touch the ground as though you were doing a Push Up. Explode back up like you’re doing a Bouncing Push Up, but use your hamstrings as much as possible. bring your body back to the full and upright position. Ready to kick it up a notch? you to use your hamstrings to the max, and depend much less on your arm muscles to slow you down and push yourself back up. Try using your arm less and less, until you’re hardly pushing at all. Even- tually you can try doing them without your hands at all! LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 101,


All squatting exercises are usually done with your toes pointing straight forward, or slightly pointing out, as your feet are when you walk. You can adjust any squatting exercise to focus more attention on your vastus medialis teardrop-shaped muscle that protrudes just above the inside of each knee and runs about a third of the length of the thigh—the one that wearing shorts really shows off) by keeping your toes pointed further out than 30 degrees from vastus lateralis look-fabulous-in-slim-jeans-or-a-bathing-suit muscle) which creates the curve, or “sweep” of your outer thigh.


(1-4) Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. With your head up and eyes forward, bend your as you go down, until your shoulders are out over your knees. But be sure your knees do not slowly stand again using only your legs to lift you. great way of correcting technique by ensuring that your knees are not going too far forward. Variations: If you need to, you can hold onto some- thing about waist-high to steady yourself and help push yourself back up. If you place your feet closer together exercise will focus more on the muscles of your inner thighs; while with your legs your toes straight ahead or inward), it will put more emphasis on your outer thighs. Ready to kick it up a notch? Load up a backpack or even have a training partner, girlfriend, wife, or child sit on your shoulders. 102 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Invisible  Chair

  quadriceps,  hamstrings,  glutes  (1) Stand with your back to a wall. Move your feet away from the wall, but keep your hips and back against the wall so that the wall is sup- porting you. Bending at the knees, lower your body until your thighs are parallel to the ground. Your knees should be directly above your feet and be bent at 90 degrees. Simply hold this position for as long as you can. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try holding some weight.

Wall  Squat

  quadriceps,  hamstrings,  glutes  (1) Wearing a t-shirt, stand up with your back against a smooth wall, door or doorway. Move both your feet one step forward, but keep your hips and back against the wall so that the wall is supporting you. Then, bending at the knees, slowly lower your body until your thighs are parallel to the ground. If your feet are in the correct place, your knees should be directly above your feet and be bent at 90 degrees. Keeping your butt and back against the wall, and your feet locked in place, push yourself up until your legs are straight again. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 103,

Beat  Your  Boots

  hamstrings,  quads  (2) This was a favorite remedial exercise to correct poor performance at the Army’s Parachutist Course. You won’t think this one’s so silly after you do 30 of them. Standing with your legs together, bend down and grab your ankles. Keep your legs as straight as you can comfortably hold them. Then bend your knees until your butt touches your hands on your ankles. Keeping your hands on your ankles, lift your butt upwards, again straightening your knees as much as you can com- fortably.

Sumo  Squat

  hamstrings,  quadriceps,  glutes  (1) Take a wide stance with your toes pointed out. While keeping your back straight, swing your arms out in front of you and drop your hips until your thighs are parallel to the ground. top of the movement for a couple of seconds. Variation: Try it on your toes. 104 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Advanced  Sumo  Squat

  hamstrings,  quadriceps,  glutes  (2-4) A 6-count movement Standing with your feet shoulder-width apart, hold some sort of weight in both hands in front of your waist with your elbows bent at a 90-degree angle. It can be Perform a Sumo with something, a water jug or two, phone books, a box… you get the idea. At the bottom, bring the weight Raise Bring straight out in up on your front of you until your heels your arms are toes back down LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 105,


(1-4) Stand with your feet together, toes pointed straight ahead. Take a big step forward with your left foot, bending your knees and lowering your hips until your trailing right knee almost touches the ground. Both knees should be bent to 90 degrees at this point. Your front left knee should be directly over your foot but not past your toes. Being sure to keep your head up and back straight throughout the exercise, push up with your left leg, and step lock your knees. Repeat the movement with the other foot. Variations: To make things a bit easier, stand with your legs already apart, as though you were in mid-stride. If you need to, hold onto a chair or other stable surface for balance. With your weight evenly distributed over each foot, and raise yourself back up to the starting position without locking your knees. You can also make these easier by lunging onto a step or low table that’s in front of you. Then work your way up to being able to do them on the ground. If you’ve got space, you can even do “Walking Lunges” by stepping forward with your left foot as described above, but instead of bringing your left foot back to the starting position, you bring your right foot up to your left one. Then take a step forward with your right foot, and repeat the motion. Keep “walking” until you can’t anymore.

Back  Lunges are done by taking a big step backward, instead of forward. Again, bend your knees and

lower your hips until your trailing knee almost touches the ground. Then push yourself back up with your front foot, and step forward so that your feet are together again. Ready to kick it up a notch? hold them straight down to either side of you. Or else load up a backpack and put it on. Even a little extra weight will holding the objects or a single object like a weighted backpack overhead with your elbows locked out straight. 106 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Side  Lunges

(2-4) Stand upright with your feet slightly apart and your hands in front of your legs. Take a wide step to the side with your left foot, your toes pointing slightly outward. As your left foot comes in contact with the ground, shift your weight onto it. should stay straight. Your upper body should move forward only slightly, and your bottom should stick out behind you. Your left knee should not move forward at all. Keep your left shin vertical and come down until your left thigh is parallel to the ground. Keep your head up and your back straight throughout the movement. Hold the tension in return to the starting position. You should be able to execute the entire movement without losing balance. If you loose balance, you just need to start out taking a more narrow step to the side. When you’ve done all the repetitions you can with your left leg, switch to your right leg. This is one of the few movements that work side-to-side motion, and a great way to develop the strength needed to do One-Legged Squats. Variation: - ply do not return your feet to the starting position, but instead continue squatting down on each leg, one at a time, Ready to kick it up a notch? difference. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 107,

Iron  Mikes

(3) of you. Your left knee should be bent at 90 degrees directly over your left foot. Your right leg should be behind you, also bent at 90 degrees, and your right knee a couple inches above the ground. Keep your back straight, your head upright, and your shoulders squared throughout the movement. From this position, pushing primarily off your front foot, spring into the air high enough to switch legs and land so that your left leg is back and your right leg is forward, both at 90 degrees. Of course, you will not land directly in this position, but you will drop into it quickly after your feet make contact with the ground. Repeat until you can no longer make it off the ground. Variation: Try stay- ing up on your toes through the movement. This’ll not only develop your calves but it’ll kick your leg strength and balance up a notch as well.


(1) ground, and jump as high as possible into the air while simply shooting your hands straight up overhead. Land as softly as possible and repeat. 108 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Star  Jumpers

(2) This literal ass smoker is handed out like candy at the Army’s Special Forces selec- tion course. Start in the bottom Sumo Squat position. Your feet should be more than shoul- a few inches off the ground, back straight, shoulders squared, head up, and your hands touching the ground between your feet. Then explode into the air, stretch- ing your arms and legs out as wide as possible. And drop back down into the starting position. fall back to the earth by landing on your toes for a split second before your heels touch ground as your legs are bending and you return to the starting position, hands on the ground. Variation: Keeping your heels up off the ground throughout the movement will further develop your calves as well as your balance.

Side  Jumps

(2-4) This is a great exercise that builds explosive power and strength. Simply jump back and forth over an object sideways. The object you are jumping over should be on one side of you rep. Start with your legs closer than shoulder-width apart and your toes pointed straight ahead or slightly outward. Try to land with your feet in exactly the same position. Ready to kick it up a notch? switch legs, then do both feet at once. It’s safest to just lay a pillow on the ground, or even two shoes or socks about a foot apart, and just jump from one side of them to the other, rather than using something high like a box that you might trip over during your last few reps. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 109,


(1-4) Building explosive power is too often the weak point of bodyweight regimens. So here are some more great exercises

Box  Jumps

  Find any object to jump on, such as stairs, a solid box, table, or other platform. Using a shoulder-width stance, go into a quarter to half squat position and explode forcefully onto the object. Be sure to pick your legs up high in order to get as much clearance as possible. Step off the platform and back to the starting position using an alternating you build strength, is a great way to measure your progress. Obviously, don’t need to only jump as high as the object. You should always try to jump as high as possible, even if that is higher in the air than the object you’re using. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try it with just one leg at a time! This is simply awesome for not only building strength but balance and coordina- tion too. 110 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM, Hip  Power  Movements  continued...

Full  Squat  Jumps

Using a shoulder-width stance, sink your hips until your butt touches your heels, while keeping your heels on airborne. Keep your arms tucked into your chest. Again, you should always try to jump as high as possible, even if that is higher in the air than the object you’re using.

Half  Squat  Jumps

forceful off the start.

Quarter  Squat  Jumps

degrees, and explode into the air.

Depth  Jumps

  the key: The duration of your feet’s impact with the ground should be no more than a fraction of a second. If the lower platform. A few sets of 8 - 12 reps should do the trick. - exercise is high impact and requires fairly high levels of strength.

One-Legged  Squat  with  Jump

Finish a One-Legged Squat with a jump. Land on both legs and repeat.

One-Legged  Romanian  Dead  Lift  with  Jump

LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 111,

Overhead  Squats

(3)   Perform a squat while holding an object, such as a weighted backpack, overhead. The top of your thighs should be parallel to the ground in the bottom position. Your feet should be shoulder-width apart with your toes pointing outward no more than thirty degrees. Your heels should remain on the ground, and your knees should point in the same direction as your index toe. This exercise requires a bit more practice than most because to hold an object overhead while in the bottom of a squat. For added stability, shrug your shoulders as high as pos- sible throughout the movement, lock your elbows, and act as if you were trying to pull the object apart. Begin with a broomstick or a towel—pulling the towel taut—and use a wide grip, if you are unfamiliar with this exercise. As you grip until you are able to hold an item such as a weighted backpack while in the bottom position. Overhead squats are great for developing good squatting technique, shoulder

Squat  Thrusts

(1-4) Take any object, such as weighted backpack, and hold it at chest level. Lower yourself into a deep squat, bringing your butt down as far as possible. Remember, don’t let your knees go for- ward past your toes. Stand up and push the object straight overhead. This should be one While lowering the object from the overhead position, go into an- other deep squat. Again, this should be one distinct movement. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try jumping into the air at the top of into a squat. 112 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Bulgarian  Split  Squat

  quadriceps,  hamstrings,  glutes  (2-4) Somewhat similar to a regular Lunge but for one very effective difference: Your back leg is elevated on an object like a chair or bed about two feet behind you. For comfort, you can put a pillow on the chair, and your foot on the pillow. Work on your balance and don’t hold onto anything. This is a great exercise which works both legs, but be sure to push mainly off the foot that is on the ground. This is also a great way to lead up to doing One- Legged Squats. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try wearing a weighted backpack. overhead with your arms locked out, or press the backpack from your chest to the overhead position and lower it back down while at the bottom of the Split Squat. And once you’ve mastered those, it’s time for… LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 113,

One-Legged  Squats

(4) - ness: strength, coordination, balance, endurance, you name it. And with a little creativity, the variations are endless. Lift your left leg up and stand on your right leg, holding onto something about waist level, like a chair, lightly for balance, with your head up and back straight. Slowly lower your body, bending at your waist and right knee, until your right thigh is forward past your knees. Keep your left foot your right knee extend forward past the toes of your right foot. Be sure to keep your back straight. Using only your right leg, push yourself back up. Remember, your hand is only holding to help push your body up. And don’t quite lock your knee at the top of the movement. After you can’t do anymore, switch to your left foot. Variations: To make this exercise easier, use an elevated surface to sit on before standing up, like a low coffee table or a chair. The higher the surface, the easier the exercise gets. Simply lower yourself slowly onto it with one leg, then focus on pushing yourself back explode back up on one leg. By that time, a regular One-Legged Squat will be easy as pie. Try One-Legged Squats with your nonworking leg raised off the ground and bent behind you. Come down until you lightly touch your nonworking knee to the ground. You’ll need to really lean forward when executing this move- ment, and stick your hands straight out in front of you for balance. Ready to kick it up a notch? hold onto anything, but instead just put your arms out for balance. I don’t care how much weight you can pile on your back at the gym’s squat rack, this will strengthen your legs and butt like never before, as well as greatly enhance your balance. 114 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM, Really ready to kick it up a notch? Pistols. Bring your butt all the way down to the heel of your working foot. Keep the negative movement slow and controlled and then explode back up. - neath it. - making you stronger. - ing leg straight out in front of you, is to do them on a very stable table, desk, kitchen counter or other waist-high platform that can hold your weight. Stand on the platform so that its edge is between your feet, with one foot on the platform near its edge, and the other hanging off it in the air. Your nonworking leg stays in the air, hanging straight down as you perform the Squat with your other leg. Come all the way down until your butt touches the surface. This allows more range of motion than a typical Pistol and is a truly great muscle builder. To make this exercise harder, and to really build your bal- ance, hold onto your nonworking leg like you’re stretching your thigh. Hold the top of your foot behind your butt, so that your nonworking knee is pointing straight down. - a rug, use a pillow or towel). Another method to build great leg power is to pause twice on the way back up. When your thigh is just below paral- points, and working on them will bring your thighs to new levels of strength. Try holding a heavy weight to your chest and doing just one rep on each leg. phone book or something if you can. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 115,

Sissy  Squats

  thighs,  hamstrings,  glutes  (3-4) Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, lightly holding onto something about waist level for balance. Bending only at the knees, lower yourself down, leaning back, until your butt touches your heels. You should be up on your toes at this point. The key here is to keep your back and thighs in a straight line throughout the entire movement, not bending at the hips at all. Then, using ev- ery muscle from your butt to your calves, again keeping your back and thighs in a straight line, reverse the movement, pushing up until you are standing again. These closely mimic the same motion as leg extensions, only using more muscles. Ready to kick it up a notch? You can hold something heavy to your chest with your free hand, or put on a loaded backpack. Really ready to kick it up a notch? Try doing these one leg at a time! For balance, you’ll need to hold lightly onto of you, just barely off the ground. 116 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Calf  Raises

  calves  (1-4) Stand on one leg on the edge of any stair or other stable platform—a coffee table, bath- tub rim, bottom rung of a ladder, even a thick phone book will do the trick—so that only the ball of your foot is on the platform and your heel’s in the air. Grab hold of a banister or wall lightly for balance. Keeping your knee only slightly bent throughout the movement, lower yourself down as far as your calf will stretch, holding it there for a second before pushing yourself up as high as possible onto the ball of your foot. Hold this peak position as well for one second. When you can no longer get one good rep with a full range of motion, do ten quick partial reps. Then switch feet. To focus on the insides of your calves, turn your toes slightly outward during this exer- gastrocnemius)—nice for women who want shapely calves but not thick ankles—concentrate your partial reps on the upper half of the soleus), which produces greater overall - ing down to the ankles), execute your partial reps in the lower portion of the movement Variation: at once. Want a great calf workout? Start at the bottom of a staircase and do one set with each - other step. Go up ten stairs without stopping and you’re done with calves for the week. You should feel it the next day as your calves start blasting into shape. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 117, regular Calf Raises and stop responding as much as they used to. Simply bend over at the hips about 90 degrees, holding onto something lightly for balance like a chair, a banister, or a stair a few steps up. Variation: your knee as much as possible—typically your thigh will be at slightly less than a 90-degree angle with your shin— and stick your butt back and your shoulders forward, lightly balancing with your hands in front of you on a higher stair or something. But be sure to keep your knees bent at the exact same angle the whole time—you’re not working your thighs here. Ready to kick it up a notch? - only really blasts my calves, but strengthens my forearms, shoulders, and traps at the same time. Typically, I’ll start on my left foot, cranking out a set of standard Calf Raises holding the bucket and wearing the backpack. Then I’ll bucket again, switch feet, and repeat. Then it’s on up to the next stair! I’ll go seven steps, and after that, all that’s left to do is stick a fork in my calves, because they’re done. Another great calf workout - on, 10 seconds off), then switch feet. It takes only 20 minutes, but you’ve done 20 sets on each leg! 118 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

The  Cliffhanger

  calves  (4) a ladder is perfect). Only the ball of your foot and your toes should be touching the surface, as if you were doing a standard one-legged Calf Raise. Here’s the catch: You cannot hold onto anything. Holding your foot still, balance there as long as you can! You’ll feel every last shred of secure shower curtain rod) to grab if you lose your balance. Time your- 55 pounds), and now I do it for three minutes on each foot. This is also a

Pogo  Jump

  calves  (2) Keeping your knees almost straight but without your kneecaps locked, repeatedly jump as high as possible as quickly as you can without allowing your heels to touch the ground. This is a good warm-up for more advanced athletes and a good exercise for beginners to develop power in their calves.

Hop  Around

  calves  (3) rapidly until you can no longer make it off the ground, then switch feet. Be sure to focus on pushing up off only the ball of your foot, and do not bend or straighten your knee at all. LEGS  &  GLUTE  exercises 119,

Little  Piggies

  front  of  the  calves  (1-4) calves. With your feet a few inches apart, place only your heels on the edge of a stair or other platform—such as a large lightly simply raise them as high as possible. All your weight should be on your heels, and nothing but your feet should move. Repeat until you can’t do another full rep. many partial reps as well as you can for thirty seconds after you can’t do another full rep. Ready to kick it up a notch? Let go. Put your hands out for balance but don’t hold onto anything at all. This dra- need to hold onto something lightly), then the next foot, and after you’ve exhausted both calves, do them together without holding onto anything. 120 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

CORE  Exercises

Your core is just that: the center of your entire body. It’s importance in form, function and fashion cannot be overestimated. 90% of backaches can be eliminated by strengthening your core muscles. In addition to making pain history, a strong core will let you look great on the beach now and carry your grandkids around in the future—in- stead of having them carry you around in a wheelchair. This section runs the gamut from how to do the most effec-,

Standing  Knee  Raises

  abs  (1) Stand upright, feet slightly apart, then raise your left knee as high as possible. Hold it up for three seconds. Balancing like this will also help develop all your leg muscles in your standing leg. Then lower your leg slowly, and raise your right knee in the same man- ner.

Beach  Scissors

(1-3) Lying on your left side with your left hand propping your head up, raise your right leg as high as possible, keeping it straight. Hold for three seconds. Return same on the other side. Ready to kick it up a notch? on your elbow. Your whole body, from your head down to your bottom foot, should remain in a straight line. This is superior to standard Beach Scissors because it strengthens all your core muscles, especially the sides of your abdo- men. 122 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Russian  Twists

  abs,  intercostals,  obliques  (1) Sit upright on the ground with your arms crossed and knees bent. Lift your feet off the ground. Twist so that your left elbow touches your right knee, then twist the other way so that your right elbow touches your left knee. Go back and forth, twisting as much as you can at the waist, without lowering your legs. If you like, you can cross your ankles.

Hip  Ups

             tones  every  muscle  from  shoulders  to  ankles,  with  special  emphasis  on  your  obliques  and  intercostals  (3) Lie on your right side with your right elbow directly underneath your shoulder. Place your left foot on top of your sides. Variation: slightly to get your lower legs out of the way. You can also support yourself on one hand with your arm straight, rather than on an elbow, which makes it a little Ready to kick it up a notch? Hold yourself up for as long as you can. Try for a whole minute. Once you can do that, try holding the top leg up in the air. Another great way to crank this one up a notch and really develop some great obliques is to lightly pump your hips up and down, in the top portion of the movement, for as long as possible. CORE  exercises 123,

Crunch  It  Ups

  abs,  with  particular  focus  on  the  upper  abs  (1  -  2) etc.). Cross your arms in front of your stomach. Keeping your arms pressed against your stomach, bring your upper body up just enough to touch your elbows to the very bottoms of your thighs then go back down until your shoulder blades touch the ground again. There is very little range of motion in this exercise, and yet it’s greatly effective. Try doing 100 of these, no matter how many sets it takes you. As your abs get more and more developed, it’ll take you less and less sets, until someday you can crank out 100 straight and your abs are hard as a rock. Variation: body so they touch your thighs closer to your knees.


  upper  abs  (1) knees so that your thighs are perpendicular to the ground, and cross your ankles in the air. Pull your chest toward your knees. As with all these exer- avoid placing unnecessary strain on your neck. Hold at the top for a moment while you exhale powerfully. Then come back down. Your range of motion should be quite small, maybe only moving your shoulders a few inches off the ground. Variations: These are especially effective if you can do them without letting your shoulder blades ever touch the ground. You can also do Side Crunches by crunching forward and twisting to the side so that your left elbow touches your right kneecap, then immediately bring your right elbow to your left knee, then lower your shoulders and repeat. Or bring your left elbow to your right knee, then lower your shoulders, then bring your right elbow to your left knee… back and forth… you get the idea. 124 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Leg  Lifts

(1-2) Lie down on your back with your hands under your butt and your head up Start with your legs straight, together, and six inches off the ground, and ground. Be sure to keep your knees straight. Hold for 2 seconds, then return your legs to the ground slowly and repeat the movement. Variation: bring them up until they are at a 90-degree angle. Ready to kick it up a notch? Want to have some fun? Write your whole name in the air with your feet together and legs straight, one letter at a time. I learned this one from the Ukrainian military.

Flutter  Kicks

(2) Lie down on your back with your hands under your butt and your head up. Keeping your legs straight and together, lift your feet into the air, six-inches from the ground. Keeping it straight, raise your right leg up to three feet in the air, and then bring it back down even with your left leg which is still six inches above the ground. Repeat the movement with your left leg. This can be done swiftly or Variation: Place your hands on your chest to make it a bit harder. CORE  exercises 125,

Hello  Darlings

(2) Lie down on your back with your hands under your butt and your head your feet into the air, about six inches above the ground. Open your legs as wide as possible, then close them. Ready to kick it up a notch? Place your hands on your chest to in- You can also cross your ankles at the end of each rep, rather than merely bringing your feet together. Change which foot is on top after each rep.


  one  of  the  best  for  overall  development       of  the  abs,  intercostals  and  obliques  (2) Lie down on your back with your legs straight and you hands under your head. Hold one leg up, fully extended, about six inches off the ground. Pull the knee of your other leg in toward your chest, “bicycling” and touch each knee with the opposite elbow as it comes in toward your chest. Be sure to extend each leg fully before bringing it back in to your chest. The key to making these really effective is to do - etitions will strengthen your mid-region more than doing 30 of them fast. 126 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,


(2) One of the greatest exercises for your abs. bring your chest and your knees up toward each other, almost until they touch. Then lean your chest back and straighten your legs out so that both your shoul- ders and feet are each just a few inches off the ground. Variation: Know as “Rowers,” you can use your hands like you’re rowing a boat, extending your arms straight out as you bring your knees in, and then bringing your hands into your chest as you extend your legs and lean back. Be out from your body.

Side  V-Ups

  intercostals,  obliques,  abs  (3) Lie on your left side with your left arm sticking out straight in front of you on hand on your head, with your elbow sticking up toward the ceiling. Keeping your legs together and straight, and bend- ing only at the hips, bring your knees to your right elbow. Your legs should now be at a 90-degree angle to your upper body. Lower your legs back to the ground slowly, without letting your feet touch the ground before your next rep. CORE  exercises 127,

Iron  Crosses

  abs,  obliques,  intercostals  (3) Lie on your back with your legs pointing straight up into the air, so that they are at a 90-degree angle with your upper body. ground, lower your legs to the right, so that your body is still in back up to the upright position and lower them to the opposite side. Variation easier.

Jack  Knives

(3) This one’s only for those with some real strong abs and coordination. extended straight up over your head. Keeping only your butt on the ground, simultaneously bring your chest up and your straight legs up until your hands touch your feet. Then lean your chest and arms back and bring your legs down until both your shoulders and feet are just a few inches off the ground. Variation: To make this a little easier, you can bring your shoulders all the way back down to the ground at the bottom of the movement. 128 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Hanging  Leg  Lifts

(3-4) Find something to hold onto and hang your entire body from it. It’s best if it’s high enough that your feet are off the ground when hanging. But if you used door frames, door tops, Pull Up bars, tree limbs, the edge of a porch, and the top of a swing set like in this photo. While hanging, bring your knees up toward your chest. Then let them back down without swinging. Variation: Bringing your legs to your sides, one after the other, will place - costals and obliques). Ready to kick it up a notch? Once you’ve mastered the bent leg lifts, try doing this exercise with your legs straight! For the elite, I suggest bringing your - to do this on a door, while it’s easier using something that does not block your upper body from moving back a little during the top of the movement, like a Pull Up bar.


  abs,  obliques,  with  a  minor  focus  on  your  triceps  and  forearms  (4) This one is only for the elite! - - cept your neck), raise your whole body into the air so that only your shoulders and head are touching the ground. Hold for two seconds, then let your body fall slowly, in a controlled manner, back to the ground. CORE  exercises 129,


  glutes,  lower  back  (2) out in front of you. Lift only your right leg and your left arm, as high as possible. Hold for three seconds, then lower them slowly. Then raise your left leg and right arm. Again, hold for three seconds, and lower them. Switch back and forth.


  glutes,  lower  back  (3) straight in front of you. Keeping your legs and arms straight, lift them all off the ground as high as pos- sible, so that only your torso and pelvis are still on the ground. Hold this for a three seconds and repeat. Variations: There are several different alternative Hyperextensions  that work similar muscles. You can place your hands along the side of your body, or under your chin and raise them up at the same straight out to your sides so that they are at 90-degree angles with your body.

Pillow  Humpers  

     glutes,  lower  back,  hamstrings,  spinal  erectors,  back  of  neck  (3) Lie on your stomach with your feet hooked under something like using the friction between your feet and the wall to keep your legs stationary. Place a tightly rolled up pillow underneath your hips. With your hands behind your head, lift your upper body off the ground as high as possible while keeping your toes on the ground. Look up back muscles and glutes tight. 130 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Core  Stabilization

  strengthens  almost  every  muscle  in  your  body  from  your  shoulders  to  your  calves,  especially  your     (2) As simple as it is effective. Lie down on your stomach then prop yourself up on your elbows, bent at 90 degrees, shoulder- width apart, so that your forearms are on the ground. You may want to place your elbows on a pillow for comfort. Hold this position for as long as you can. One to two minutes is great. Be sure to keep your pelvis down and your body straight from head to heels. Rest 30 seconds. Repeat. Variation: Push Up, holding your arms locked straight out. In addition to working your core, this will strengthen your shoulders, triceps, and pectorals. Once you can handle this, try doing the same exercise, only this time bring your right knee up toward your chest. Hold it there for 3 seconds, then return it to the ground, and pull in your left knee. Ready to kick it up a notch? Try holding a static Push Up with your arms bent at 90 degrees.

S&M  Push  Ups

all  core  muscles  as  well  as  pectorals,  triceps,  and  deltoids  (1-3) Start in the Classic Push Up position, then lift one leg straight up behind you, and extend your opposite arm straight out in front of you. Keep your head up and make yourself as long as possible. Hold as long as you can before switching to the other arm and other leg. Variation: To make this movement easier start from the crawling position—hands and knees on the ground—and keep one knee on the ground throughout the exercise. To make this a lot more dif- opposite leg fully extended. CORE  exercises 131,

Yes,  No,  Maybe’s

  neck  (1-4) This is a great way to alleviate current neck problems and fend off future ones. The neck contains typically complete- little pencil neck shooting out of your collar. Lie on your back on a table, desk or bed with your head hanging off the edge. Move your head straight up and down as though you’re Or move your head side to side bringing each ear near to its corresponding Or turn your head so that you are looking to the right and then turn to the left, pausing Yet another great one is rolling your head around in slow circles, switching direction every other set. kneel with your head hanging forward) and move your head up and down with your hands interlaced behind your head, trying to pull your head down- ward. Ready to kick it up a notch? Put the back of either wrist on your forehead while holding onto the opposite wrist, and try to push your head down to- ward the ground for added resistance on Yes’s or Maybe’s. Once your neck is strong enough, you can also hold any kind of weight on your forehead, and do any of the above exercises. A block with a towel folded under it will do the trick. 132 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

EXTRA,  EXTRA:   Some  great  all  around  butt  kickers!

quite simple and well worth the effort. I don’t know how many workouts I’ve done at the end of a long day, or in a time crunch, consisting entirely of 100 8-Count Bodybuilders in a row. It’s tough, that’s for sure, but it takes less than 4-Count  Bodybuilders (3) Stand erect, feet back up so that together. Squat Kick your feet your knees are down and put out so that you again at your your hands on the are in Push Up chest and you’re ground, just out- starting position in a deep Squat side of your feet All  Around  Butt  Kickers 133,


(3) Stand with your feet together. Place your hands on the Kick both feet out so that you ground in front of land in the Classic Push Up your feet. starting position. Perform a Push Up. back up toward your chest, and land in the squat- arms overhead ting position. Land and repeat the movement. Variation: If doing a Push Up on the ground is still a bit tough, try doing this exercise with your hands elevated on something like a coffee table or the edge of a couch. 134 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM, 8-Count  Bodybuilders (3) Stand with your feet together. Place your hands on the Kick both feet out so that you ground in front of land in the Classic Push Up Ready to kick it up a notch? Try kicking your feet apart while in the bottom of the Push Up position to make this exercise harder. The tighter and more perfect your form is, the harder and more productive this exercise becomes. All  Around  Butt  Kickers 135,

Spidermans  (4)

This elite exercise works pretty much your whole body, with special emphasis on your core, back and chest. You should be thoroughly warmed-up before executing this movement. - gertips on the ground, and place the balls of your it, tighten your abdomen, tuck your pubic bone, and drive your midsection up off the ground. This one’s no joke! In order to protect your lower back, make sure your midsection is rock hard while performing this exercise. Variation: Perform the exercise exactly the same, but instead of placing your hands in front of you, place them out to the sides. This will put more emphasis on your pecs, and make the exercise a bit easier. Ready to kick it up a notch? - phone books. 136 YOU  ARE  YOUR  OWN  GYM,

Farmer’s  Walk

works  virtually  every  muscle  in  your  body  (4) have to drop them. Keep your back straight, and your midsection rock-solid tight. Get creative here. Use water cooler jugs, cinder blocks tied or chained together, bags or backpacks full of sand or rocks, whatever you can think

Horse  Power

every  muscle  in  your  body  (4) - tion. Send me pics of yourself trying some of these out at All  Around  Butt  Kickers 137, 12. THE PROGRAM THIS IS FOR THOSE WHO WOULD RATHER follow a simple, specific program than construct their own. Exercise just 4 or 5 times a week for 20 - 30 minutes, for 10-week cycles. Unlike weight-training programs, not everyone can do the same exercises and simply shift the size of the dumbbell they lift. Different ability levels dictate different exercises, but the workout programs for the Basic (beginner), 1st class (intermediate), Master (advanced), and Chief (elite) levels are all based off the same sound training principles, and various types of “periodization.” More about periodization and the science behind the program, if you’re interested, can be found in Appendix 3. Some beginners may see only a small difference in their overall weight, but their waists will thin while their muscle tone will increase. We’re talking body composition here, which is far more important than simply looking at the scales to measure the validity of a fitness program. You must be patient. If you’re overweight and haven’t exercised in a decade, you can’t just suddenly undo 10 years of neglect in 2 months. If you stick with the program, you will eventually get your body where you want it, but to be successful in the long-term it must inherently be a slow process. As I’ve said, losing .5 pounds per week is optimal for a woman, a little more for a man. Don’t torture yourself by checking the scales every day. This program is designed to be as effective as possible without overlooking long-term goals. It is not designed to be a two-month, one-shot, fixed-it-for-good routine. Any book, prod- uct, program, pill or diet claiming such a thing should be burned. Over the course of ten years, I carefully designed this program to get maximal results in as little time as possible, not just for ten weeks or even ten years, but for life. When you fin- ish one cycle, you can take a week or two off, and then get on another one, endlessly maximizing gains and, at the same time, preventing burnout. As you reach greater and greater levels of fitness, you’ll only need to plug in more difficult exercises or variations. So the program outlines never change. Only the exercises themselves change., Each 10-week program consists of four periods called blocks. Each block utilizes differ- ent types of workouts that are explained fully below. A quick summary: • The Muscular Endurance Block (weeks 1 - 2) uses “Ladders,” low on intensity but high on reps, in order to promote movement proficiency. • In the Strength Training Block (weeks 3 - 4), each day you’ll do four different ex- ercises, 3 sets of 6-12 reps for each, at 3-minute intervals. We’re cranking it up a notch in intensity from the first two weeks, yet there will be less reps overall. • During the Power Block (weeks 5 – 6), exercises are paired together in “Supersets.” The first exercise in each pair will be the more difficult one and will be done in 1 - 5 reps. Immediately after, you’ll do 6 - 12 reps of another exercise. Each Superset is done at a four- minute interval. • Finally, the Undulating Block (weeks 6 – 10) will employ all the methods used so far, as well as some new ones like “Stappers” and “Tabatas.” No two training days in a week will use the same type of workout, and each week a different type of workout is used to train pushing movements, pulling movements, leg movements, and core movements. Here you’ll add one day to your workout schedule, making it five days, but that’s it, and two of the five workouts are only 16 and 20 minutes long. Once you become more familiar with your capabilities and the exercises, you’ll want to start customizing your program, deviating from the exercises that are outlined. Have fun, go wild. Again, only once you take the bull by the horns and achieve autonomy in your fit- ness regime will you reach your body’s potential. Ultimately, you are the only one who knows what’s best for you. Just be sure to follow these simple rules: • Don’t replace movements from a particular category with movements from an- other. For example, don’t replace a leg exercise with a pushing exercise. • Definitely don’t choose exercises because they’re the most comfortable! Getting into shape requires that you occasionally let go of your comfort. Don’t swallow the info- mercials’ lies, where 22-year-old men and women are smiling without a trace of sweat while getting into amazing shape on some new fitness gadget. You’re going to have to work. • Be sure you can always do the required amount of reps with good form, while at the same time not exceeding the required amount of reps. The Program 139, • Stick with mainly compound exercises, those that require the use of two or more joints, such as shoulders and elbows (Push Up) or hips and knees (Squat). They develop greater balance, increase heart rate further, stimulate more muscle growth, and are more functional than isolation exercises. (When is the last time you did anything strenuous using only one muscle?) You’ll notice my program is a bit lighter on ab exercises than many other programs. No doubt about it: Athletes who practice compound movements that involve core stabilization tend to have stronger mid-sections than some guy who sits on the gym floor cranking out crunches. When choosing exercises, place the compound movements that work the biggest muscles first. See my website for some even shorter, but more intense, 20-minute workouts! -Hooya!-


It’s normal for our progress to have occasional dips and valleys for various reasons, so don’t let it discourage you. Three steps forward, one step back; four steps forward, two steps back… That’s just how it goes, as it does with most things in life. Our bodies cannot simply progress in a linear manner indefinitely. Eventually, our limited recuperative energy falls short of the demands placed on it, and you’ll get stuck in a rut. The “periodization” utilized in my programs was developed to combat this. It balances periods of high-intensity with less demanding periods that focus on movement proficiency and muscular endur- ance. 140 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, THE WORKOUTS:


Perform 1 rep of any exercise, rest, perform 2 reps, rest, perform 3 reps, etc… until go- ing any higher would cause you to hit muscle failure on subsequent sets. Once you’ve reached that point, come back down without repeating the highest number. The rest inter- vals will be the same as your previous work interval. So you’ll have more rest as the num- bers get higher, and less rest as the numbers get lower on the way back down to 1. Each exercise in this block will be done with 7.5 minutes of Ladders. If you’ve reached the bottom of your Ladder (1 rep) and the set time (7.5 minutes) hasn’t expired, simply start another ladder. Similarly, you may not even reach the bottom of your ladder, and that’s okay too. Train yourself to perform the exercises correctly. If you reach muscle failure at any point during your ladder workout, you went too high before coming back down. This is meant to be a high-volume/low-intensity workout. It is okay to perform the ladder workout in the low rep range—possibly even repeating single reps towards the end of the workout, in order to avoid hitting failure. Exercises where you alternate sides are done by performing the designated number of reps on both sides before resting. INTERVAL SETS • Three sets per exercise. • 6 - 12 reps per set. • 3-minute intervals. Start time when beginning an exercise, go to failure or up to 1.5 minutes, and rest for the remainder of the interval. • For all single limb movements, like Bulgarian Split Squats, One-Legged Romanian Dead Lifts (RDLs), and Side Lunges, do one side at a time. Start with the non-dominant side and immediately switch to the dominant side. The Program 141,


• 4 minute intervals for each set. • Perform 1 - 5 reps for the first set, and 6 - 12 reps for the exercise that immediately follows. • 2 sets per exercise pair. • The first exercise in each pair should not be done to failure. • Perform all movements with as much control as possible! The first exercise in each pair should be done with slow negative movements (2 - 3 seconds) and controlled, ex- plosive concentric movements (about 1 second) witha1second pause at the beginning and end of each movement. • For single limb exercises, alternate sides after each rep.


Repeat as many cycles of the given exercises and repetitions as possible in 20 minutes, with no rest in between. If you have to take short breaks because of muscle failure, it’s okay, but try to keep rest to a minimum.


8 rounds of 20 seconds of exercise followed by 10 seconds of rest, for a total of 4 min- utes. This is high-intensity training. Exercises done for Tabatas should be executed as fast as possible. Keep rest time to a minimum if failure is reached during a 20-second work pe- riod. If you want to keep track of your reps for each exercise each day, you can download log sheets at 142 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM,

Basic Program

for Beginners -Weeks 1 & 2- Muscular Endurance Block (Ladders) Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Push/Pull Legs/Core Push/Pull Legs/Core Exercises: Push Ups Alternating Back Push Ups Side Lunges w/hands Lunges w/hands elevated on elevated on platform platform Let Me Ins Alternating 1- Let Me Ins Alternating 1- Legged RDLs* Legged RDLs Seated Dips w/ Squats Seated Dips w/ Squats w/1-3 feet on ground feet on ground second pause at bottom Let Me Ups Swimmers Let Me Ups Side Crunches w/knees bent w/knees bent *Romanian Dead Lifts The Program 143, -Weeks 3 & 4- Strength Block (Interval Sets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: Push Ups Bulgarian Split Let Me Ins Leg Lifts Squats Military Press Side Lunges Let Me Ups Hyperextensions w/hands w/knees bent w/hands under elevated chin Close Grip Squats w/1-3 Let Me Ins Russian Twists Push Ups second pause at w/ palms up w/hands bottom elevated Seated Dips 1-Legged RDLs Towel Curls Swimmers on pillow 144 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Weeks 5 & 6- Power Block (Supersets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: Push Ups Alternating Assisted Door V-Ups & w/feet elevated Back Lunges Pull Ups (use a Russian Twists & Shove Offs w/4-6 second chair to place pause at bottom your feet on or & Toyotas jump and concentrate on the negative) & Let Me Ins Military Press & Alternating Let Me Ins w/ Supermans & Thumbs Up Front Lunges 4-6 second Swimmers w/4-6 second contraction at pause at bottom top & & Side Lunges Towel Curls Close Grip Alternating1- Let Me Ups Hanging Leg Push Ups & Legged RDLs w/reverse grip Lifts Seated Dips on pillow & and straight legs w/knees bent Squats w/1-3 & Let Me Ins & second pause at w/palms up Leg Lifts bottom The Program 145, -Weeks 7-10- Undulating Block Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Leg Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Day 5 Week 7 Ladders Super Sets Interval Tabatas Stappers Military Press Alternating Sets Russian Twists, 10 w/hands Back Lunges Let Me Ins, Beach Scissors, Alternating elevated, Push w/4-6 Let Me Ups Standing Knee Back Ups w/hands second w/knees Raises Lunges, elevated, Close pause at bent, Let 8 Grip Push Ups bottom & Me Ins w/ Let Me Ins, w/hands Toyotas, palms up, 6 elevated, Alternating Towel Curls Push Ups Seated Dips w/ Front knees bent Lunges w/4- 6 second pause at bottom & Side Lunges, Alternating1- Legged RDLs on pillow and 1-3 second pause at middle & Pogo Jumps 146 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Week 8 Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Interval Sets Stappers Push Ups w/ Alternating Assisted Leg Lifts, 10 hands elevated Back Door Pull Hyperextensions Alternating about chest Lunges, Ups (use a w/hands under Back high, Alternating chair to chin, Russian Lunges, Rocking 1-Legged place your Twists, 8 Chairs, RDLs, feet on or Swimmers Let Me Ins, Burpees w/ Squats w/ jump and 6 hands elevated 1-3 second concentrate Push Ups about waist pause at on the high bottom, negative) & Good Let Me Ins, Mornings Let Me Ins w/1-3 w/4-6 second second pause at contraction bottom at top & Let Me Ups w/knees bent, Let Me Ups w/reverse grip and straight legs & Let Me Ins w/palms up Week 9 Interval Sets Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Stappers Push Ups, Beat Your Let Me Ups V-Ups & Russian 10 Military Press Boots, w/knees Twists, Alternating w/hands Lunges, bent, Let Supermans & Back elevated, Close Good Me Ins, Let Swimmers, Lunges, Grip Push Ups Mornings Me Ups Bicycles & Leg 8 w/ hands w/reverse Lifts Let Me Ins, elevated grip and 6 knees bent, Push Ups Let Me Ins w/palms up The Program 147, Week 10 Super Sets Interval Sets Tabatas Ladders Stappers Push Ups Bulgarian Let Me Ins Crunch It Ups, 10 w/feet elevated Split Squats, w/feet Hyperextensions Alternating & Shove Offs, Side Lunges, behind w/arms at side, Back Military Press Squat w/ hands (take Leg Lifts, Lunges, & Thumbs 4-6 second a step back Hyperextensions 8 Up, Close pause at from where w/lower body Let Me Ins, Grip Push Ups bottom, your feet only 6 & Seated Dips 1-Legged normally Push Ups w/feet on RDLs on are), ground pillow Bam Bams, Towel Curls 148 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, 1st Class Program for Intermediate Level trainees -Weeks 1 & 2- Muscular Endurance Block (Ladders) Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Push/Pull Legs/Core Push/Pull Legs/Core Exercises: Push Ups Alternating Push Ups Alternating Back Lunges w/ Side Lunges w/ 1-3 second 1-3 second pause at bottom pause at bottom Let Me Ups Alternating 1- Let Me Ups Alternating 1- Legged RDLs Legged RDLs Military Press Toyotas w/1-3 Military Press Toyotas w/1-3 second pause second pause at at bottom bottom Let Me Ins Hyperextensions Let Me Ins Russian Twists w/arms at side The Program 149, -Weeks 3 & 4- Strength Block (Interval Sets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: Push Ups Bulgarian Split Assisted Door Leg Lifts w/feet elevated Squat w/1-3 Pull Ups (use a w/hands on second pause at chair to place chest bottom your feet on or jump and concentrate on the negative) Military Press Side Lunges w/ Let Me Ups Supermans 4-6 second pause at bottom Close Grip Toyotas w/4-6 Let Me Ins Bicycles Push Ups second pause at bottom Assisted Dips 1-Legged RDLs Towel Curls Hyperextensions (legs bent on pillow w/hands under behind you and chin feet on a chair to help push up) 150 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Weeks 5 & 6- Power Block (Supersets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: Push Ups Alternating 1- Door Pull Ups Hanging Leg w/feet elevated Legged Squats & Let Me Ins Lifts w/knees and 1-3 second while holding bent & Iron pause at bottom onto chairs with Crosses & Shove Offs both hands & w/knees bent Toyotas w/4-6 second pause at bottom Military Press Alternating Side Let Me Ins w/4- Alternating 1- w/feet elevated Lunges w/4-6 6 second Legged Hip & Thumbs Up second pause at contraction at Extensions & bottom & top & Let Me Supermans Alternating Ups Back Lunges w/1-3 second pauses at bottom Close Grip Alternating 1- Let Me Ups V-Ups & Push Ups Legged RDLs w/reverse grip Russian Twists w/feet elevated on pillow and 1- and feet & Assisted Dips 3 second pause elevated & Let at bottom & Me Ins w/palms Box Jumps up The Program 151, -Weeks 7-10- Undulating Block Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Leg Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Day 5 Week 7 Ladders Super Sets Interval Tabatas Stappers Chinese Push Alternating Sets Russian Twists, 6 Ups, 1-Legged Assisted Flutter Kicks, Let Me Ups Push Ups, Squats while Door Pull Squats w/knees Close Grip holding Ups (use a bent, Push Ups, onto two chair to 12 Seated Dips chairs & place your Alternating Toyotas feet on or Side w/4-6 jump and Lunges, second concentrate 8 pause at on the Push Ups bottom, negative), Alternating Let Me Ups, Side Lunges Let Me Ins, w/4-6 Towel Curls second pause at bottom & Alternating Back Lunges w/1-3 second pause, Alternating 1-Legged RDLs on pillow and 1-3 second pause & Box Jumps 152 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Week 8 Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Interval Sets Stappers Push Ups Alternating Door Pull Leg Lifts 6 w/hands Back Lunges Ups & Let w/hands on Let Me Ups elevated on w/1-3 Me Ins, Let chest, Super- w/knees platform, second Me Ins w/ mans, Bicycles, bent, Seated Dips pause at 4-6 second Hyperextensions 12 w/feet on bottom, pause at top w/hands under Alternating ground, Squats Alternating & Let Me chin Side Side Ups, Let Me Lunges, Lunges, Ups 8 Toyotas w/reverse Push Ups w/1-3 grip and seconds at feet elevated bottom & Let Me Alternating Ins w/palms 1-Legged up RDLs Week 9 Interval Sets Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Stappers Push Ups Iron Mikes, Let Me Ups, Hanging Leg 6 w/feet Side Jumps, Let Me Ins, Lifts w/knees Let Me Ups elevated, Squats Let Me Ups bent & Iron w/knees Chinese Push w/reverse Crosses, bent, Ups w/hands grip, Let Me Alternating 1- 12 elevated, Close Ins w/palms Legged Hip Alternating Grip Push Ups up Extensions & Side w/hands Supermans, V- Lunges, elevated, Ups & Russian 8 Assisted Dips Twists Push Ups The Program 153, Week 10 Super Sets Interval Tabatas Ladders Stappers Push Ups Sets Let Me Ups, Bicycles, 6 w/feet elevated Bulgarian Let Me Ins, Hyperextensions Let Me Ups and 1-3 second Split Squat Squats w/hands under w/knees pause at w/1-3 chin, Hello bent, bottom & second Darlings, 12 Shove Offs, pause at Swimmers Alternating Military Press bottom, Side w/feet elevated Side Lunges Lunges, & Overhead w/4-6 8 Presses, Close second Push Ups Grip Push Ups pause at w/feet elevated bottom, & Assisted Toyotas Dips w/4-6 seconds at bottom, 1- Legged RDLs on pillow 154 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM,

Master Class

for Advanced trainees -Weeks 1 & 2- Muscular Endurance Block (Ladders) Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Push/Pull Legs/Core Push/Pull Legs/Core Exercises: Alternating Alternating Alternating Alternating 1-Arm Push 1-Legged Squats 1-Arm Push 1-Legged Squats Ups w/hands assisted or off a Ups w/hands assisted or off a elevated platform elevated platform Assisted Door Alternating Back Assisted Door Alternating Pull Ups (use a Lunges w/4-6 Pull Ups (use a Side Lunges chair to place second pause at chair to place w/1-3 second your feet on or bottom your feet on or pause at bottom jump and jump and concentrate on concentrate on the negative) the negative) Military Press Hip Extensions Military Press Alternating 1- w/feet elevated Legged RDLs on pillow Let Me Ups Supermans Let Me Ins Iron Crosses w/knees bent The Program 155, -Weeks 3 & 4- Strength Block (Interval Sets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: 1-Arm Push 1-Legged Squats Door Pull Ups Hanging Leg- Ups w/hands assisted or off a raises (bringing elevated platform legs parallel to ground) Dive Bombers Bulgarian Split Let Me Ins w/1- Pillow Humpers Squats w/4-6 3 second second pause at contraction at bottom top Military Press Side Lunges Let Me Ups V-Ups w/feet elevated w/4-6 second pause at bottom Dips 1-Legged Hip Let Me Ups Supermans Extensions w/reverse grip 156 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Weeks 5 & 6- Power Block (Supersets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: 1-Arm Push Pistols & Door Pull Ups Hanging Leg Ups & Box Jumps & Let Me Ups Lifts Bouncing Push & Bicycles Ups Military Press Sissy Squats & 1-arm Let Me Pillow Humpers w/feet elevated Iron Mikes Ins & Let Me & Supermans & Dive Ups w/reverse Bombers grip Surface Tricep Ham Sand- Let Me Ins w/ V-Ups & Iron Extensions & wiches & Side reverse grip and Crosses Shove Offs Jumps 4-6 second w/knees bent pause at top & Towel Curls The Program 157, -Weeks 7-10— Undulating Block Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Leg Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Day 5 Week 7 Ladders Super Sets Interval Tabatas Stappers 1-Arm Push Pistols & Sets Side V-Ups (4 12 Ups w/hands Sissy Squats, Door Pull sets on each Assisted on knee-high Box Jumps Ups, Let Me side), Flutter Alternating surface, Dive & Iron Ins w/1-3 Kicks w/hands 1-Legged Bombers, Mikes, Ham second on chest, Squats Squats or Dips, Sandwiches contraction Box Jumps, Seated Dips & Side at top, Let 6 Jumps Me Ups, Let Dive Me Ups Bombers, w/reverse 8 grip Let Me Ups Week 8 Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Interval Sets Stappers Push Ups, Assisted 1- Door Pull Hanging Leg 12 Shove Offs, Legged Ups & Let Lifts (bringing Assisted Squats Squats, Me Ups, 1- straight legs up Alternating Sissy Squats, arm Let Me parallel to 1-Legged Side Lunges Ins & Let ground), Squats or w/1-3 Me Ups Pillow Humpers, Box Jumps, second w/reverse V-Ups, 6 pause at grip and Supermans Dive bottom, Hip feet Bombers, Extensions elevated, 8 Let Me Ins Let Me Ups w/reverse grip & Towel Curls 158 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Week 9 Interval Sets Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Stappers 1-Arm Push Iron Mikes, Assisted Hanging Leg 12 Ups w/hands Side Jumps, Door Pull Lifts & Bicycles, Assisted elevated, Dive Squats Ups, Let Me Pillow Humpers Alternating Bombers, Ups, Let Me & Supermans, V- 1-Legged Military Press Ups Ups & Iron Squats or w/feet w/reverse Crosses w/knees Box Jumps, elevated, grip, Let Me bent 6 Dips Ins Dive Bombers, 8 Let Me Ups Week 10 Super Sets Interval Tabatas Ladders Stappers 1-Arm Push Sets Let Me Ups, Side V-Ups 12 Ups & 1-Legged Let Me Ins, w/bent legs, Assisted Bouncing Push Squats Squats Bam Bams, Leg Alternating Ups, Military assisted or Lifts w/hands on 1-Legged Press w/feet & off a chest, Hyperex- Squats or Dive Bombers, platform, tensions Box Jumps, Surface Triceps Bulgarian w/hands under 6 Extensions & Split Squats chin Dive Shove Offs w/4-6 Bombers, second 8 pause at Let Me Ups bottom, Side Lunges w/4-6 second pause at bottom, 1- Legged Hip Extensions The Program 159,

Chief Class

for the Elite -Weeks 1 & 2- Muscular Endurance Block (Ladders) Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Push/Pull Legs/Core Push/Pull Legs/Core Exercises: Alternating 1- Alternating Alternating 1- Alternating 1- Arm Push Ups Pistols Arm Push Ups Legged Squats w/hands w/hands elevated elevated Door Pull Ups Iron Mikes Door Pull Ups Box Jumps Dive Bombers Alternating 1- Military Press Sissy Squats Legged Hip w/feet elevated Extensions Let Me Ups Pillow Humpers Alternating 1- Iron Crosses w/feet elevated Arm Let Me Ins 160 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Weeks 3 & 4- Strength Block (Interval Sets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: 1-Arm Push Pistols Door Pull Ups Hanging Leg Ups w/1-3 second Lifts (all the way pause at top up) Handstand Bulgarian Split 1-arm Let Me Pillow Humpers Push Ups Squat w/4-6 Ins second pause at bottom Dive Bombers Sissy Squats Let Me Ups Jack Knives w/reverse grip & feet elevated Surface Triceps Iron Mikes Let Me Ins w/ Supermans Extensions w/ 4-6 second about hip contraction at height surface top The Program 161, -Weeks 5 & 6- Power Block (Supersets) Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Legs Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Exercises: 1-Arm Push Alternating Door Pull Ups Hanging Leg Ups w/feet Pistols w/1-3 w/4-6 second Lifts w/4-6 elevated & second pause at pause at top & pause at top Bouncing Push bottom & Box Let Me Ups w/ (bringing feet to Ups Jumps feet elevated hands) & slow Bicycles (taking 2 seconds to pull each knee in) Handstand Sissy Squats w/ 1-arm Let Me Pillow Humpers Push Ups w/1-3 1-3 seconds at Ins w/1-3 & Supermans second pause at Bottom & Iron second Bottom & Dive Mikes contraction at Bombers top & Let Me Ups w/reverse grip and feet elevated Surface Triceps Ham Pull Ups Jack Knives Extensions w/ Sandwiches (touching & about knee & sternum) & Let Iron Crosses height surface Side Jumps Me Ins & w/reverse grip Shove Offs and 4-6 second contraction at top 162 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, -Weeks 7-10- Undulating Block Day 1/ Push Day 2/ Leg Day 3/ Pull Day 4/ Core Day 5 Week 7 Ladders Super Sets Interval Tabatas Stappers 1-Arm Push Alternating Sets V-Ups, Side-V- 12 Ups, Pistols Door Pull Ups (Alternating Alternating Handstand w/1-3 Ups w/1-3 sides after each Pistols (6 Push Ups, second second set for a total of 4 total on Dive Bombers, pause at pause at sets on each each side) Dips w/1-3 bottom & top, 1-arm side), Mountain or 24 Iron second pause Box Jumps, Let Me Ins, Climbers, Squats Mikes at bottom Sissy Squats Let Me Ups (jumping as w/1-3 w/reverse high as second grip & feet possible), pause at elevated, 6 bottom & Let Me Ins Handstand Iron Mikes, w/reverse Push Ups, Ham grip 4-6 8 Sandwiches second Door Pull (without contraction Ups using hands) at top & Side Jumps The Program 163, Week 8 Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Interval Sets Stappers Push Ups, 1-Legged Door Pull Hanging Leg 12 Shove Offs, Squats, Sissy Ups w/4-6 Lifts (all the way Alternating Mountain Squats, Iron second up), Pillow Pistols or 24 Climbers, Mikes, 1- pause at top Humpers, Jack Iron Mikes Burpees Legged Hip & Let Me Knives, (jumping as Extensions Ups w/feet Supermans high as elevated, 1- possible), arm Let Me 6 Ins w/1-3 Handstand second Push Ups, contraction 8 at top & Let Door Pull Me Ups Ups w/reverse grip and feet elevated, Pull Ups (touching sternum) & Let Me Ins w/reverse grip and 4-6 second contraction at top 164 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, Week 9 Interval Sets Tabatas Ladders Super Sets Stappers 1-Arm Push Iron Mikes, Door Pull Hanging Leg 12 Ups, Side Jumps, Ups, Let Me Lifts (bringing Alternating Handstand Squat Ups, Let Me feet to hands) Pistols or 24 Push Ups, Thrusts, Ups w/4-6 second Iron Mikes, Dive Bombers, Squats w/reverse pause at top & 6 Surface Triceps grip, Bicycles (12 Handstand Extensions w/ Alternating slowly on each Push Ups, about hip 1-arm Let side for 24 total), 8 height surface Me ins Pillow Humpers Door Pull & Supermans, Ups Jack Knives & Iron Crosses (6 slow on each side for 12 total) Week 10 Super Sets Interval Sets Tabatas Ladders Stappers 1-Arm Push 1-Legged Assisted Jack Knives, 12 Ups w/feet Squats, Door Pull Pillow Humpers, Alternating elevated & Bulgarian Ups (use a Alternating Side Pistols or 24 Bouncing Push Split Squat chair to V-Ups w/legs Iron Mikes, Ups, w/overhead place your straight, 6 Handstand backpack feet on or Supermans Handstand Push Ups & press at jump and Push Ups, Dive Bombers bottom, concentrate 8 w/pauses Iron Mikes, on the Door Pull when your Ham negative), Ups chest is Sandwiches Let Me Ups, between your Let Me Ins, hands on the Mountain concentric Climbers portion of the movement, Surface Tricep Extensions w/ about knee height surface & Shove Offs The Program 165,

Appendix 1. Household Equipment

As you’ve seen, with enough keen observation and creativity, you can transform just about any room into a total body fitness center. And, although it is not necessary for my pro- grams, you’d be surprised at how much resistance equipment you can create from basic household items, replacing the need for dumbbells in traditional strength exercises. Take bicep curls for example. Just because you don’t have dumbbells doesn’t mean you can’t do them. You can use gallon jugs of water (filled to your appropriate level), grocery bags filled with things, or my favorite whether I’m at home or in another country: A duffel bag or backpack filled with books, magazines, newspapers, cans of food, rocks, sand, and/or recycled full water bottles. Add things to the backpack until you have the perfect weight and hold the top strap. You can even make a proper handle out of it: Just brake off a few inches of a stick or branch that’s the proper width for a handle and use tape to fasten it to the backpack’s top handle. Most backpacks can easily hold up to 60 pounds, some a lot more. You can use backpacks in place of dumbbells for myriad movements like shoulder raises, tricep exercises, or upright rows. Throw it on your back to increase the resistance to any Pull Up, Squat, Lunge, you name it. Or give your child a piggyback during leg exer- cises, or even your girlfriend or your wife (though not both at the same time—that could be trouble). Books—telephone books, text books, encyclopedias, a dictionary—can also be utilized, as can bricks and soup cans, not to mention the things you can alter the weight of. Wearing a backpack full of rocks and holding a five gallon bucket filled with water adds some serious intensity to my Calf Raises. Sandbags can be put on your knees for Sitting Calf Raises. With a rope, or any kind of long strap, you can do Let Me In’s by looping it around a tree, fence or railing, using one or both hands. If you want to buy olympic rings with straps these are great too. The options are nearly endless. Just look around you and get creative. Chances are you already have all the equipment you’ll ever need., Just a few of the many ways to make equipment out of household items. Appendices 167,

Appendix 2. The 6 Necessary Training

Principles behind Any Successful Program CONSISTENCY: Truly the gatekeeper to long-term success. We need to be consistent with a good training program, diet, and adequate rest. Not consistent for two months, I mean consistent for years, even decades. If you fall off the horse, get back on. Sound train- ing principles must be a way of life. RECOVERY: Is there adequate rest built into the program, or will it cause you to over- train? (See the More is Better myth for signs and symptoms of overtraining.) REGULARITY: The body thrives on regularity. A program shouldn’t consist of ran- dom exercises performed at random intervals, with random intensity and random repeti- tions. As my Air Traffic Control Instructor used to say, “We need a system and then a plan—that’s when we’re dangerous.” The body won’t adapt to random activity. Without regularity, there is nothing to adapt to. It is best to set goals and regularly and methodically do those exercises that get us there fastest. VARIETY: Variety doesn’t mean different exercises every time we workout. We can do the same few exercises for each body part for years. What needs to vary is the intensity, vol- ume, and rest between sets. In order to adjust intensity using bodyweight exercises, differ- ent variations of the same movements and different types of workouts need to be per- formed. PROGRESSION: It’s amazing how much this principle is overlooked in gyms across the nation. I used to see it all the time, people going to the gym year after year, lifting the exact same weight. Why? Considering the other principles are in place, probably because they don’t have a program that progresses from easier to more difficult movements, whether it’s more weight, a harder variation, more reps, less rest between sets, faster tempo (more reps/less time), or any combination of these. At the same time, it is also possible that a program progresses too rapidly, causing over-training. OVERLOAD: In order to change body composition and gain strength we need to put muscles under stress that they are unaccustomed to. The body requires new stimulus to force it to adapt. Then, when the adaptation has occurred, once again new stimulus be- yond what was previously done is required. Progression and overload go hand-in-hand, and the right amount of each is essential. 168 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM,

Appendix 3. The Science

behind the Program PERIODIZATION: The Backbone to the Ultimate Strength Program Knowing why and how you should be doing each workout, rather than blindly going through the motions, will give you the drive to push through hard times, prevent burnout, and give you the know-how to customize the program as your body changes and adapts. The key in- gredient to my program is periodization: Structured fluctuation of training volume and in- tensity. Training Volume: Number of sets multiplied by number of reps. Training Intensity: Difficulty of a movement. For example, a One-Arm Push Up has a higher intensity than a Classic Push Up. Variety, regularity, specificity, progression, overload, and recovery—the 6 necessary train- ing principles—are affected by periodically switching from high-volume, low-intensity training to low-volume, high-intensity training. Simply put, a program should transition from a lot of relatively easy work to a smaller amount of more difficult work. This increases athletic per- formance while avoiding common pitfalls such as overtraining and injury. Myriad studies have demonstrated that periodized programs yield greater changes in strength and body composition than non-periodized programs that consist of little or no fluctuation in volume and intensity, like those of so many other books. In a periodized program, particular skills—muscular endurance, strength, and power—are emphasized for set periods of time called “blocks.” Typically, muscular endurance is trained during the high-volume/low-intensity (HVLI) block, which is where my program uses “ladders” instead of rigid numbers of sets and reps. Strength is trained during a medium-volume/medium- intensity block with sets in the 6 - 12 rep range. Finally, power is trained during the low- volume/high-intensity (LVHI) block with sets in the 1 - 5 rep range. The blocks progress from HVLI to LVHI by decreasing the number of reps and/or sets (volume) while increasing the amount of resistance or the difficulty of movements (intensity). Appendices 169, Simple enough, right? Heh, heh… Well, it gets better, because there are different types of periodization, and each of the two primary methods has pros and cons depending on the fitness level of the individual. Because of this, my program utilizes both linear periodization and undulating periodization, which are explained below. Please don’t get exasperated over the names of these cycles. You’ll be amazed at their simplicity. Linear Periodization (LP) is the traditional and most popular of periodizing programs. LP progresses from HVLI to LVHI in a linear fashion in 2 - 4 week blocks. As the total number of reps decrease and the difficulty of movements increase, the em- phasis shifts from muscular endurance to strength and then finally to power. The rest inter- vals between sets should increase along with the intensity as an LP program progresses through the different blocks. Usually, 30 - 60 seconds of rest is taken during the muscular endurance block, 90 - 120 seconds for the strength block, and 2.5 - 5 minutes for the power block. This method of periodization is good for beginners or those that have had a long time off, because it allows adequate time for joints to adapt to new movements and movement proficiency to develop during a gradual increase in intensity. Jumping right into high- intensity movements is asking for trouble. Additionally, HVLI training gives beginners great results, mainly due to an increase in movement proficiency, while preventing injuries and overtraining. The HVLI block is the time to become familiar with exercises and their varia- tions, giving you a lot of relatively easy practice. While this method is good for untrained individuals, it has the disadvantage of letting the skills that aren’t being trained deteriorate in intermediate or advanced trainees. This is due to the long duration (2 - 4 weeks) of each phase, which emphasizes only one particular skill. It also lacks the variety of other methods, which can lead to boredom. Daily Undulating Periodization (DUP) trains a different skill each day by daily fluctuat- ing volume and intensity. An HVLI training day that emphasizes muscular endurance might be followed by an LVHI day that emphasizes power, and one that emphasizes strength the next day. This method has a lot of variety—great for keeping your body guessing and your morale high. It also prevents detraining of skills, because each skill is trained weekly. Studies have shown that this type of periodization yields twice the strength gains of the traditional LP method. Since all skills will be trained each week, beginning with week 1, DUP is only for those with adequate training to perform high-intensity workouts without injuring themselves. Now for my program. The first 6 weeks use LP. Muscular endurance, strength and power are trained in 2-week blocks until DUP begins on week 7, and lasts 4 weeks until the end of week 10. By using LP 170 YOU ARE YOUR OWN GYM, and DUP we get the best of both worlds. Beginners are able to reap the benefits of LP’s sen- sible progression and the enhanced gains of DUP. Also, since this is a continuously repeating program, the six weeks of LP help prevent burnout from the four-week DUP block that con- tains an extra, fifth day of working out and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) which is amazingly effective for building muscle, burning fat, increasing cardiovascular endurance, and strength. Whether or not you decide to use my program, be sure to incorporate some type of peri- odization into your training. Any type of periodization is better than none. Going balls to the wall all the time, even at low-volume, is a sure way to over-train and eventually injure your- self. This applies to any type of strength and conditioning training, whether it is weightlift- ing, running, cycling, rowing, or anything else. Keep in mind that there are endless variations to periodization. The methods that I have selected best suit strength and conditioning train- ing through bodyweight exercises. My program develops all eight fitness skills: Strength, power, speed, muscular and cardiovascular endurance through the manipulation of volume (sets & reps), intensity (difficulty of a movement), and time (work and rest periods); while the remaining skills—balance, coordination, and flexibility—develop by progressing to bodyweight exercises that challenge them to ever increasing degrees. Appendices 171, A percentage of the author’s royalties will be donated to the Special Operations Warrior Foundation, which provides full scholarships and counseling to the surviving children of special operations personnel who die in operational or training missions, and immediate financial assistance to severely wounded personnel and their families. This book is available at your favorite bookseller or come see us at to order signed books with free shipping.]

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