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PROPRIETARY NOTICE AND LIABILITY DISCLAIMER The information disclosed in this document, including all designs and related materials, is the valuable property of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. (NECCSD, PBNEC) and/or its licensors. NECCSD and/or its licensors, as appropriate, re- serve all patent, copyright and other proprietary rights to this document, including all de- sign, manufacturing, reproduction, use, and sales rights thereto, except to the extent said rights are expressly granted to others. The NECCSD product(s) discussed in this document are warranted in accorda...
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PROPRIETARY NOTICE AND LIABILITY DISCLAIMER The information disclosed in this document, including all designs and related materials, is the valuable property of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. (NECCSD, PBNEC) and/or its licensors. NECCSD and/or its licensors, as appropriate, re- serve all patent, copyright and other proprietary rights to this document, including all de- sign, manufacturing, reproduction, use, and sales rights thereto, except to the extent said rights are expressly granted to others. The NECCSD product(s) discussed in this document are warranted in accordance with the terms of the Warranty Statement accompanying each product. However, actual performance of each such product is dependent upon factors such as system configuration, customer data, and operator control. Since implementation by customers of each product may vary, the suitability of specific product configurations and applications must be determined by the customer and is not warranted by NECCSD. To allow for design and specification improvements, the information in this document is subject to change at any time, without notice. Reproduction of this document or portions thereof without prior written approval of NECCSD is prohibited. NEC is a registered trademark of NEC Corporation; Versa is a U.S. registered trademark of NEC Technologies, Inc.; all are used under license by NEC Computer Systems Division (NECCSD), Packard Bell NEC, Inc. All other product, brand, or trade names used in this publication are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective trademark owners. First Printing — April 1997 Copyright 1997 NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Avenue Boxborough, MA 01719 All Rights Reserved, xi

Preface

This service and reference manual contains the technical information necessary to set up and maintain the NEC Versa® 6200MX notebook computer. The manual also provides hardware and interface information for users who need an over- view of the system design. The manual is written for NEC-trained customer engineers, sys- tem analysts, service center personnel, and dealers. The manual is organized as follows: Section 1 Technical Information, provides an overview of the hardware and interface components. System specifications are listed including computer dimensions, weight, envi- ronment, safety compliance, power consumption, and system memory specifications. Section 2 Setup and Operation, takes the authorized service technician or dealer from unpacking to setup and operation. The section includes a description of operating controls, setting parameters and accessing the NECCSD bulletin board system (BBS). Section 3 Troubleshooting, lists troubleshooting procedures as well as helpful servicing hints. Section 4 Field Service Guidelines, provides disassembly and assembly procedures, and an exploded-view diagram of the NEC Versa system with part numbers. Appendix A Connector Locations and Pin Assignments, provides a list of the main board internal connector pin assignments and a list of external pin assignments. Appendix B Video Modes, lists NEC Versa supported video modes. An Index is included for convenience., xiii

Abbreviations

A ampere DMAC DMA controller AC alternating current DOS disk operating system AT advanced technology DRAM dynamic RAM (IBM PC) DTE data terminal equipment BBS Bulletin Board System E CC error checking and correction BCD binary-coded decimal ECP extended capabilities port BCU BIOS Customized Utility EDO enhanced date out BIOS basic input/output system E DS error detecting system b it binary digit EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter b pi bits per inch EMS Expanded Memory bps bits per second Specification BUD BIOS Upgrade Diskette EPP enhanced parallel port C Celsius or centigrade EPROM erasable and programmable C ache high-speed buffer storage ROM CAM constantly addressable memory EVGA Enhanced Video Graphics C AS column address strobe Array C D-ROM compact disk ROM F Fahrenheit CGA Color Graphics Adapter FAX facsimile transmission CGB Color Graphics Board F CC Federal Communications Commission CH channelFGframe ground clk clock FM frequency modulationcmcentimeter Fn Function C MOS complementary metal oxide semiconductor FRU field-replaceable unit COM communication GB gigabyte C ONT contrast G ND ground C PGA ceramic pin grid array H DD hard disk drive CPU central processing unit HEX hexadecimal C RT cathode-ray tube HGA Hercules Graphics Adapter D AC digital-to-analog converter Hz hertz DACK DMA acknowledgeICintegrated circuitDCdirect currentIDidentification D IMM dual-inline memory module I DE intelligent device electronics D IP dual in-line package I DTR interrupt descriptor table register D LAB Divisor Latch Address bit IMR Interrupt Mask register DMA direct memory access, xiv Abbreviations in. inchnsnanosecond I NTA interrupt acknowledge NSRC National Service Response IPB illustrated parts breakdown Center IR infrared P AL programmable array logic I RR Interrupt Request register PC personal computer I SA Industry Standard Architecture PCB printed circuit board I SR In Service register PCI peripheral component I/O input/output interconnect I PC integrated peripheral controller PFP plastic flat package ips inches per second PIO parallel input/output IRQ interrupt request p ixel picture element K kilo (1024) P JQFP plastic J-lead quad flat pack k kilo (1000) PLCC plastic lead chip carrier KB kilobyte P LL phase lock loopkgkilogram p-p peak-to-peak kHz kilohertz P PI programmable peripheral interface kV kilovolt PROM programmable ROM lb pound Q FP quad flat pack LDTR local descriptor table register RAM random-access memory L ED light-emitting diode RAMDAC RAM digital-to-analog LSB least-significant bit R AS row address strobe LSI large-scale integration R GB red green blue M mega RGBI red green blue intensity mA milliamps R OM read-only memory m ax maximum r pm revolutions per minute MB megabyte R read MDA Monochrome Display Adapter R TC real-time clock MFM modified frequency modulation R/W read/write M hz megahertz S slave mm millimeter SCSI Small Computer Systemmsmillisecond Interface MSB most-significant bit SDLC Synchronous Data Link N ASC National Authorized Service Control Center SG signal ground NC not connected S IMM single inline memory module NDP numeric data processor SIR serial infrared N MI Non-maskable Interrupt SOIC small outline integrated circuit, Abbreviations xv SQFP silver quad flat package SVGA Super Video Graphics ArraySWswitch TCP Thin chip package TQFP Thin-quad flat package TSC Technical Support Center T TL transistor/transistor logic t pi tracks per inch UART universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter V volt Vdc volts, direct current VESA Video Electronics Standards Association VFO variable frequency oscillator V GA Video Graphics Array VLSI very large-scale integration VRAM virtual RAM W watt µf microfarad µPD microprocessor µs microsecond Ω ohm, iii

Contents

Preface... xi Abbreviation ... xiii Section 1 Technical Information Hardware Overview—Front...1-2 Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)...1-2 Power Button ...1-3 LCD Status Bar and Power Indicator ...1-4 Status Icons ...1-5 Keyboard ...1-6 NEC VersaGlide ...1-6 Diskette Drive and the NEC VersaBay II ...1-7 Infrared (IR) Assembly...1-8 Hardware Overview—Right Side ...1-8 Hardware Overview—Left Side ...1-9 PC Card Slots ...1-10 Battery Compartment...1-10 Audio Ports and Volume Control ...1-10 Hardware Overview—Rear Side ...1-11 Keyboard/Mouse Port ...1-11 Parallel Port (LPT1)...1-11 Expansion Port ...1-12 External Monitor (Video) Port ...1-12 Serial Port (COM1) ...1-12 Hardware Overview—Internal Components ...1-12 Battery Pack ...1-12 Hard Disk Drive...1-12 Diskette Drive...1-13 10X CD-ROM Reader ...1-13 CPU Board ...1-13 Sound Board...1-14 Graph Board ...1-15 I/O Board ...1-15 CMOS Battery...1-16 Bridge Battery ...1-16, iv Contents System Memory...1-16 Memory Map ...1-16 System Video...1-17 Parallel Interface ...1-18 Serial Interface...1-18 NEC Versa Chip Set ...1-18 Intel Pentium P55CLM Microprocessor ...1-19 M-Triton System Controllers ...1-19 256K X Flash ROM ...1-20 ROM BIOS...1-20 VGA Controller ...1-20 Parallel Interface ...1-21 Keyboard Controller ...1-21 PC CardBus Controller ...1-21 Sound Integrated Circuit ...1-21 Interrupt Controllers ...1-22 Power Management Overview ...1-23 System Power Management ...1-24 Local Power Management...1-24 Plug and Play...1-25 Specifications...1-26 Section 2 Setup and Operation Unpacking the System...2-1 Hardware Setup...2-1 Cable Connections ...2-3 Power Sources...2-4 Using the AC Adapter...2-4 Using the Main Battery Pack...2-5 Checking Battery Power Levels...2-5 What to Do When Battery Power Gets Low...2-6 Returning the Battery to Full Operation...2-6 When to Change the Battery ...2-6 Battery Handling...2-6 Replacing the Battery Pack ...2-7 Battery Precautions...2-10 Recharging Battery Precautions...2-10, Contents v NEC VersaBay II Battery and Adapter Kit ...2-11 Extending Battery Life ...2-11 Using the DC Car Adapter ...2-11 Operating Controls ...2-12 LCD Status Bar ...2-13 Status Icons ...2-13 Function Keys (Fn Keys)...2-14 Smart Power Switch ...2-14 Setting Switches ...2-15 Updating the System BIOS ...2-16 Changing Switch Settings...2-17 Performing the BIOS Update ...2-20 Power-on Self-Test (POST)...2-21 POST Errors...2-22 Setup Utility ...2-25 Accessing Setup...2-25 With an Error at POST ...2-25 With No Errors at POST...2-25 Setup Utility Main Menu...2-25 How to Use Setup...2-26 Looking at Screens ...2-26 Using Keys...2-27 Checking/Setting System Parameters...2-27 Setup Menus...2-30 Advanced CMOS Setup ...2-31 Power Management Setup Power Management Setup ...2-31 Peripherals Setup ...2-33 Other Setup Options ...2-33 Using Setup to Set Power Management ...2-34 Using the Save to File (STF) Feature...2-34 STF Benefits ...2-34 Section 3 Troubleshooting Quick Troubleshooting ...3-3 Helpful Questions ...3-6, vi Contents Section 4 Field Service Guidelines Preventive Maintenance ...4-1 Cleaning the Notebook’s Exterior ...4-1 Cleaning the Notebook’s Interior ...4-2 Protecting the Disk Drives ...4-2 Handling the Battery Packs ...4-3 Maintaining the LCD Quality ...4-3 Required Tools and Equipment ...4-3 Disassembly and Reassembly...4-4 Hard Disk Drive...4-5 Diskette Drive...4-7 Main Battery Pack (Li-Ion Type) ...4-8 Removing the Keyboard...4-10 Memory Upgrade...4-12 LCD and Top Cover ...4-15 VersaGlide...4-18 LCD Status Bar ...4-19 Bridge Battery, CMOS Battery, Buzzer ...4-20 Sound Board...4-21 IR Assembly and Graph Board...4-21 CPU Assembly...4-23 I/O Board ...4-24 Illustrated Parts Breakdown...4-25 Service Information...4-29 Technical Support ...4-29 Product Information...4-30 Ordering Information from FaxFlash ...4-30 Appendix A Connector Locations and Pin Assignments Appendix B Video Modes, Contents vii List of Figures 1-1 NEC Versa 6200MX Notebook ... 1-1 1-2 LCD Panel ... 1-3 1-3 Power Button Location... 1-4 1-4 System Status Bar ... 1-5 1-5 Keyboard Layout ... 1-6 1-6 VersaGlide Location ... 1-7 1-7 NEC VersaBay II Location ... 1-7 1-8 Right Side Features ... 1-8 1-9 Left Side Features ... 1-9 1-10 Rear Features... 1-11 1-11 CPU Board Layout ... 1-13 1-12 Sound Board Layout ... 1-14 1-13 I/O Board Layout... 1-15 2-1 Connecting the AC Adapter ... 2-1 2-2 Powering on the System... 2-2 2-3 Power and I/O Connector Locations ... 2-3 2-4 NEC Versa AC Adapter... 2-4 2-5 Removing the Cover ... 2-8 2-6 Removing the Battery ... 2-8 2-7 Inserting the Battery Pack ... 2-9 2-8 Replacing the Cover... 2-9 2-9 Connecting the Car DC Adapter... 2-11 2-10 Keyboard Panel LEDs and Controls ... 2-12 2-11 Status Bar Location ... 2-13 2-12 Dip Switch Location ... 2-15 2-13 Locating the Speaker Cap Screws ... 2-17 2-14 Removing the Speaker Caps... 2-17 2-15 Lifting the Keyboard ... 2-18 2-16 Positioning the Keyboard ... 2-18 2-17 Dip Switches... 2-19 2-18 Reassembling the System ... 2-20 2-19 Setup Main Menu... 2-25 2-20 Advanced CMOS Setup Menu ... 2-26, viii Contents 4-1 Removing the Drive Bay Cover... 4-5 4-2 Removing the Hard Disk Drive ... 4-6 4-3 VersaBay II Release Latches ... 4-7 4-4 Removing the Standard Diskette Drive... 4-8 4-5 Removing the Battery Compartment Cover ... 4-9 4-6 Removing the Battery ... 4-9 4-7 Locating the Speaker Cap Screws ... 4-10 4-8 Removing the Speaker Caps... 4-10 4-9 Lifting up the Keyboard ... 4-11 4-10 Positioning the Keyboard ... 4-12 4-11 DIMM Features ... 4-13 4-12 Installing the DIMM... 4-13 4-13 Removing an Installed DIMM ... 4-14 4-14 Removing the Bottom Base Screws... 4-15 4-15 Location of Three Screws ... 4-16 4-16 Separating the Top Cover from Base Unit ... 4-17 4-17 Removing the VersaGlide... 4-18 4-18 LCD Status Board ... 4-19 4-19 Removing Bridge Battery, CMOS Battery, and Buzzer ... 4-20 4-20 Removing the IR Assembly ... 4-22 4-21 Removing the CPU Board from the Graph Board... 4-24 4-22 Removing the I/O Board ... 4-25 4-23 NEC Versa Model 6200MX Illustrated Parts Breakdown... 4-26 A-1 Graph Board Layout ... A-1 A-2 I/O Board Layout... A-2 List of Tables 1-1 Model Configurations ... 1-2 1-2 Memory Map ... 1-17 1-3 NEC Versa Series Chip Types and Technologies... 1-19 1-4 Interrupt Controllers ... 1-22 1-5 Automatic Power-Saving Features ... 1-23 1-6 Maximum Performance Default Settings... 1-25 1-7 Specifications... 1-26, Contents ix 2-1 I/O Connector Descriptions... 2-3 2-2 Control and Switch Functions ... 2-12 2-3 Fn Key Operations ... 2-14 2-4 POST Error Messages... 2-22 2-5 Beep Codes... 2-24 2-6 Setup Key Functions ... 2-27 2-7 Setup Parameters ... 2-28 3-1 Quick Troubleshooting... 3-1 4-1 NEC Versa 6200MX Series Disassembly Sequence... 4-4 4-2 System RAM Expansion ... 4-12 4-3 NEC Versa 6200MX Series Field-Replaceable Parts ... 4-26 4-4 NEC Service and Information Telephone Numbers... 4-29 A-1 Graph Board Connectors... A-2 A-2 I/O Board Connectors... A-3 A-3 Keyboard/Mouse Connectors ... A-3 A-4 Serial Port Connector Pin Assignments ... A-3 A-5 CRT Connector Pin Assignments ... A-4 A-6 Parallel Printer Pin Assignments ... A-4 A-7 Power Connector ... A-5 A-8 Hard Disk Drive Connector... A-5 B-1 LCD Display Mode Setting (1024x768 TFT Color LCD and Simultaneous CRT Display) Standard Video Mode ... B-1 B-2 Frequency Table of Standard Video Mode ... B-2 B-3 Expanded Video Mode... B-2 B-4 Frequency Table of Extended Video Mode... B-2 B-5 CRT Display Mode Setting (CRT-only Display) ... B-3 B-6 Extended Video Mode ... B-4 B-7 Panning Video Mode for (1024x768 TFT Color LCD and Simultaneous CRT Display)... B-5 B-8 NTSC/PAL TV Display Mode ... B-5 B-9 Panning NTSC/PAL TV Mode... B-5,

Section 1 Technical Information

The NEC Versa 6200MX notebook computer is lightweight, compact, and fully IBM com- patible. The latest addition to the NEC Versa family includes the NEC Versa 6200MX.

NOTE

This service manual covers only the NEC Versa 6200MX model. All figures in this manual reflect this model. Figure 1-1 NEC Versa 6200MX Notebook This section of the manual provides system configuration information, including an over- view of hardware and interface components. See the following table for a systems specific breakdown of hardware., 1-2 Technical Information Table 1-1 Model Configurations F EATURE NEC Versa 6200MX C PU I ntel Pentium® with MMX technology P55CLM/166 MHz O n-Board DRAM 3 2-MB Video Memory 2 -MB H ard Disk Drive 2 .1 GB C D-ROM Reader 1 0X CD ROM Reader Color LCD 1 3.3” Extended Graphics Array (XGA),TFT Color Display HARDWARE OVERVIEW—FRONT Take a moment to become familiar with the location and function of controls located on the front of the system. Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) The LCD operates with the Chips & Technologies 65550 VGA controller. The controller supports XGA, uses a 64-bit accelerator with a Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) interface. The LCD also supports VESA timing. The NEC Versa 6200MX LCD features the following: 13.3-inch Extended Graphics Array (XGA) TFT high resolution active matrix XGA color display 0.264 mm dot pitch 18-bit digital interface 1024 x 768 resolution 256,000 colors. Additional LCD panel features: Power LED that indicates the current power status. This LED is visible with the LCD panel opened or closed. Slide switch that adjusts screen brightness., Technical Information 1-3 Figure 1-2 LCD Panel Another video feature includes a CRT port on the system's rear panel that allows the user to connect an optional monochrome or color external display to the system. The computer can support the LCD and external display simultaneously. Power-saving features for controlling the LCD's backlighting include the ROM-based hot key combination Fn F5, and Auto Setup power management settings. See Section 2, Setup and Operation, for information on using these settings. In addition, the automatic LCD status feature conserves the backlight. When the LCD is closed the backlight shuts off automatically, saving battery power. Power Button Slide the power button to the right to power on and power off the computer. The power button is a “smart” switch, meaning that it recognizes when the system is in Suspend mode. If in Suspend mode, you cannot power off until you press the suspend button again to bring the system out of Suspend mode., 1-4 Technical Information F igure 1-3 Power Button Location LCD Status Bar and Power Indicator The LCD status bar is situated right below the LCD screen. It provides an easy way to de- tect system status. Different graphic icons appear on the LCD bar indicating that a device is accessed, an operation performed, or a power mode activated. The graphic icons displayed on the LCD bar resemble either their physical characteristics or their primary function. See the LCD Status Bar figure shown next, and the descriptions that follow for the specific meaning of each icon. The power indicator is located just above and to the left of the status bar. The power indi- cator lights green when computer power is on., Technical Information 1-5 F igure 1-4 System Status Bar Status Icons The following list defines the status icons displayed in the system status bar. Suspend — appears when the system is in Suspend mode. Suspend mode con- serves system power by shutting down devices in the system while retaining data and system status. Power Management — shows the current power management mode in use, in- cluding Off, Custom, High Performance or Longest Life. Diskette Drive — appears when the NEC Versa writes data to or retrieves data from a diskette. Hard Disk — shows when the NEC Versa writes data to or retrieves data from the hard disk. Caps Lock — appears when Caps Lock is in effect. Scroll Lock — shows that Scroll Lock is in effect. Num Lock — appears when Num Lock is in effect. Num Lock lets the user enter numbers for calculations via the numeric keypad. Battery Status — displays the percentage of battery power available. Battery 1 appears when you have the main battery installed in the battery bay. Battery 2 appears when you have an optional battery installed in the VersaBay II., 1-6 Technical Information Keyboard The built-in, 85-key keyboard (U.S.) or 79-key keyboard (UK and Germany) uses the stan- dard QWERTY format. The keyboard provides 12 function keys and 7 cursor control keys, with an Fn key for ROM-based key functions. The numeric keypad is embedded in the stan- dard key layout. F igure 1-5 Keyboard Layout NEC VersaGlide The NEC VersaGlide is a built-in mechanism that functions as the system’s mouse. It con- trols the on-screen pointer (cursor). To use the VersaGlide, move your finger across the NEC VersaGlide pad, and the cursor follows. The buttons below the NEC VersaGlide al- low the user to select or deselect menu items. Tap and double-tap are supported on the VersaGlide pad. The PS/2 Microsoft mouse is the system’s default pointing device until the user selects the NEC Setup icon. When the user selects the NEC Setup icon, the NEC VersaGlide is installed as the system pointing device. If an external mouse is installed, the NEC VersaGlide is deactivated. A serial mouse is not supported., Technical Information 1-7 Figure 1-6 VersaGlide Location Diskette Drive and the NEC VersaBay II A standard 1.44-MB diskette drive comes installed in the VersaBay II slot on the front of the computer. The VersaBay II expansion slot lets the user replace the standard diskette drive with the 10X CD-ROM reader that also ships with the system. In addition to the CD-ROM reader, the VersaBay II accepts NEC options including a second battery pack, or an additional hard disk. F igure 1-7 NEC VersaBay II Location, 1-8 Technical Information Infrared (IR) Assembly The IR assembly consists of a small board with two infrared LEDs, connected to the Graph board at connector P10. The board allows the NEC Versa computer to communicate with other infrared-ready computers. For example, the infrared port allows the user to transfer files between the NEC Versa and an IR-equipped computer, or print to an IR-equipped printer without using cables.

NOTE

Do not use the IR port directly under fluo- rescent incandescent light. HARDWARE OVERVIEW—RIGHT SIDE Review the following section for a description of the hardware on the right side of the NEC Versa. F igure 1-8 Right Side Features Kensington Lock — Gives the user the option to add an optional Kensington Lock. Hard Disk Drive Bay Cover Release Latch — The hard disk drive bay contains the removable hard disk drive. The system ships 2.1-GB hard disk drive. To access the hard disk drive, simply turn the system over and lift up the hard disk drive bay cover release latch while pushing the cover away from the system., Technical Information 1-9 Fan Vents — Allow your system to cool properly and maintain a safe operating temperature. ! CAUTION A lways keep the fan vents clear to allow proper system cooling. TV Out Jack — Lets you use your television set as an external monitor. This port supports both NTSC and PAL signals.

NOTE

The TV Out port does not support the SECAM signal used in some countries. For proper display, set the video mode to 640 x 480. AC Power Port — Use the power jack to attach the NEC Versa to a DC power source, such as the AC adapter or the optional DC car adapter. HARDWARE OVERVIEW—LEFT SIDE Review the following section for a description of the hardware on the left side of the NEC Versa. F igure 1-9 Left Side Features, 1-10 Technical Information PC Card Slots The PC card slot compartment houses two Type II devices, or one Type III device. For Type III cards, insert the PC card into the lower slot. Insert the card with the pin sockets facing towards the drive and the label facing up. To remove the PC card, push on the eject button to release the pin connections and slowly pull out the card. The NEC Versa also comes with DOS/Windows PC card drivers for supporting various PC cards like modem and network cards. Battery Compartment The battery compartment houses the rechargeable Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery pack. The battery pack instantly charges whenever you connect the AC adapter to the notebook. It is very important to always have the battery installed in the notebook to insure that it is con- tinuously charged. If the battery pack is uninstalled for a long period of time, the battery cells are drained, causing battery pack to deteriorate. The battery bay contains an eight-cell Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery that lets you run your system on DC power. Audio Ports and Volume Control Audio ports let you plug in external audio devices and the volume controls gives you con- trol over speaker volume. Volume Control — Allows you to control the speaker volume. Headphones — Let you connect external headphones or speakers to your NEC Versa 6200MX. Plugging in headphones disables the built-in system speakers. Line-Out — Lets the NEC Versa 6200MX act as an input source for another audio system. Connect this port to a Line-In port on another audio system to play or record. Line-In — Lets you use another audio system, like a home stereo, as an input source. Use a cable to connect to the Line-Out port on the other audio system to record or play. Microphone (MIC) — Allows you to connect an external microphone for mono- phonic recording or amplification through the unit. Plugging in an external micro- phone disables the built-in microphone., Technical Information 1-11 HARDWARE OVERVIEW—REAR SIDE Review the following section for a description of the hardware on the rear of the NEC Versa. F igure 1-10 Rear Features Keyboard/Mouse Port Use the standard PS/2 port to connect an external PS/2-style mouse or a PS/2-style key- board to the system. With an optional Y-cable adapter, you can connect both a mouse and a keyboard at the same time. A serial mouse is not supported. Parallel Port (LPT1) The 25-pin printer port provides a parallel interface to which you can connect a parallel printer or pocket network adapter. Use this port to connect a parallel printer or other parallel device. The port is IEEE 1284 compatible. It supports bi-directional (AT) mode, Enhanced Capabilities Port (ECP) mode, Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) mode, (365SL- compatible), nibble mode, and byte mode (PS/2). The parallel port default is Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) mode. Use Setup to change the default to one of the following. Uni-directional Bi-directional EPP ECP, 1-12 Technical Information Expansion Port This port provides a connection for NEC Versa options including the NEC PortBar 6000, NEC Versa Docking Station 6000 Plus and the NEC Floppy Disk Drive (FFD) Connector. External Monitor (Video) Port Use this 15-pin port to attach an external monitor to your NEC Versa. You can run the LCD display and the external monitor simultaneously or run either alone. Serial Port (COM1) The 9-pin serial port provides a serial interface to which you can connect an RS-232C device such as an external serial printer or modem. A serial mouse is not supported. HARDWARE OVERVIEW—INTERNAL COMPONENTS Review the following sections for a description of the system’s internal hardware. Battery Pack The system uses a rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery as its transient power source. The battery pack installs in the compartment next to the VersaBay II on the bottom of the NEC Versa. The battery stores 14.4 volts with a 2600 mAh capacity. The battery pack powers the NEC Versa for approximately 2 to 4 hours. In addition, the user detects how much battery power is available via the percentage displayed on the status bar or accessing the Power Gauge utility. When battery power is getting low, connect the AC adapter to a wall outlet and recharge the battery. It takes approximately 2 hours to recharge the battery whether or not the sys- tem is in use. When battery power is very low, the power LED flashes amber. Hard Disk Drive A standard 2.5-inch 2.1-GB hard disk drive ships with the system. The 2.1-GB hard disk drive specifications are listed next. Toshiba IBM Track-to-track seek rate 3 ms 4 ms Average seek time 13 ms 13 ms (read), 14 ms (write) Revolutions per minute 4200 4000 Data transfer rate 16.6 MB/sec 16.6 MB/sec Internal data rates 38.6∼69.8 Μbit/sec 39.1~61.6 Mbit/sec, Technical Information 1-13 Increase the system hard disk space by installing another hard disk drive in the VersaBay II slot in the front of the computer using the optional hard disk drive adapter kit. Diskette Drive The interchangeable 3.5-inch 1.44 MB diskette drive installs in the front of the system in the VersaBay II slot. 10X CD-ROM Reader A 10X CD-ROM reader ships with the NEC Versa 6200MX. The interchangeable ten- speed CD-ROM reader features the latest in CD-ROM technology. It installs in the front of the system in the VersaBay II slot. The CD-ROM reader is assigned to the next available drive letter. The CD-ROM reader operates at different speeds depending on whether the CD in use contains data or music. This improves video and sound quality. CPU Board The CPU board (G8YAL) is a rectangular-shaped board located between the main board and I/O board. The CPU board is part of a subassembly, which includes a heat sink, fan and the CPU board. The NEC Versa 6200MX models ship with Intel’s P55CLM/166 MMX installed on the CPU board. The board uses the industry standard PCI interface, with a 66 MHz bus speed. Figure 1-11 CPU Board Layout, 1-14 Technical Information Sound Board The sound board (G8YAQ) provides the NEC Versa system with its audio capabilities via line-in/line-out jacks, and headphone/microphone jacks. It is situated on top of the main board. The sound board integrates the following features: ESS Technology Plug and Play support ES1878 Integrated Music Synthesis, ESFM™ and Stereo Digital to Analog Converter (DAC) FM Synthesizer 16 bit Stereo CODEC 4.0KHz to 44.1KHz Sampling Rate 7 Channel Mixer. 3D Audio Effects Chip ES938 Spatializer® 3D Stereo Sound Figure 1-12 Sound Board Layout, Technical Information 1-15 Graph Board The system Graph board (G8YAN) houses a variety of connectors and controls, including the DIMM connectors. These are identified in the diagram shown in Appendix A. F igure 1-13 Graph Board Layout I/O Board The system I/O board (G8YAP) contains peripheral subsystems including serial, parallel and video ports, and charger. It is located underneath the main board. Refer to Appendix A for a list of connectors. Figure 1-14 I/O Board Layout, 1-16 Technical Information CMOS Battery The lithium battery (3 Volts, 280 mAh capacity) is attached to P13 on the Graph board. It provides battery backup and prevents data loss in the system’s complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) RAM. This memory area contains information on the system’s configuration like date, time, drives, and memory. The CMOS battery lasts approximately three years. Bridge Battery The bridge battery saves the memory contents and system status for up to 5 minutes while in Suspend mode. It is connected to the Graph board via connector P11. The AC adapter maintains voltage in the bridge battery when the system is powered on or off. The bridge battery stores 7.2 Volts, 70 mAH. SYSTEM MEMORY The Graph board provides 32 MB (3.3 V SO-DIMM) of standard RAM. Optional SO-DIMMs with a value of 16-, 32-, or 64-MB can be added to increase system memory up to a maximum of 128-MB (70 ns 3.3V EDO access). In addition, 256-KB of read-only memory (ROM), 1 x 28F020, enables the system BIOS to be flashed. The system provides 2 MB of video RAM (50-ns HyperPage mode, self-refresh). The following Cache RAM is provided: L1: 16 KB (Internal Pentium) L2: 256 KB write back (External). Memory Map The system supports system and video shadowing, both controlled through complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS). The system supports BIOS as a cacheable area with write protection. Table 1-2 lists the system's memory map., Technical Information 1-17 Table 1-2 Memory Map MEMORY SPACE S IZE F UNCTION 0 00000-0002FFh 7 68 bytes B IOS Interrupt Vector Table 000300-0003FFh 2 56 bytes B IOS Stack Area 0 00400-0004FFh 2 56 bytes B IOS Data Area 0 00500-09FFFFh 640 KB A pplications Memory (used by the OS, device drivers, TSRs, and all DOS applications) 0 A0000-0AFFFFh 64 KB V ideo Buffer (EGA and VGA) 0 B0000-0B7FFFh 32 KB V ideo buffer (monochrome, CGA color, VGA monochrome) 0B8000-0BFFFFh 32 KB V ideo Buffer (CGA, EGA color, and VGA color) 0C0000-0CBFFFh 48 KB V ideo ROM (EGA and VGA) 0CC000-0CFFFFh 16 KB U nused, (Reserved for Adapter ROMs and other devices requiring ROMs) 0D0000-0DFFFFh 64 KB U sed by Adapter ROMs (i.e., network controllers, hard disk controllers, SCSI host adapters) 0E0000-0EFFFFh 64 KB U sed by System ROM adapters (i.e., network controllers with boot capability) 0F0000h-0FFFFFh 64 KB S ystem AMIBIOS (includes Setup and hard disk drive utilities) 1 00000h-1FFFFFF 32 MB B uilt-in Extended Memory 2000000-5FFFFFF 64 MB E xtended Memory SYSTEM VIDEO The system's LCD operates using the Chips and Technologies 65550 VGA Controller. Video signals travel from the controller through the system's 15-pin D-SUB connector us- ing 5 volts. System video integrates a PCI-bus interface. The system ships with 2 MB Video RAM (VRAM). It supports video modes up to 1024 x 768 with 64K colors in LCD mode. See Appendix B for a list of Video modes., 1-18 Technical Information PARALLEL INTERFACE The system' s parallel interface integrates National Semiconductor’s PC87338 chip with a 25-pin D-subconnector. The port is located on the system's rear panel. The modes of operation available for a PC87338 chip are: compatibility mode nibble mode byte mode Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP). The user selects between four parallel interface modes using Auto Setup. These include unidirectional, bidirectional, extended or enhanced. Unidirectional mode sends data output from the standard ISA port only. Bidirectional mode sends data using the standard ISA port or PS/2 technology. Enhanced mode enables high speed data transmission to occur using either the unidirectional or bidirectional modes. The default parallel port address is 378h and the interrupt level is IRQ07. Pin locations for the parallel interface are listed in Appendix A. SERIAL INTERFACE The RS-232C serial port is a 9-pin connector on the system’s rear panel. The serial port consists of a 16550A and 16450 compatible serial port controller with a programmable baud rate up to 115,200 bps. The serial port connects an RS-232C device or an external modem. The default serial port address is 3F8h and the interrupt level is IRQ04. NEC VERSA CHIP SET Refer to Table 1-3 for a quick summary of chip types used in the system. See the Abbrevia- tions section at the beginning of this manual for a translation of chip technologies., Technical Information 1-19 Table 1-3 NEC Versa Series Chip Types and Technologies C HIP MANUFACTURER DESCRIPTION T ECHNOLOGY Intel Pentium P55CLM I ntel 1 66 MHz CPU 3 20-pin TCP 82437MX (MTSC) I ntel M -Triton System Controller 2 08-pin SQFP 82438MX (MTDP) I ntel M -Triton Data Path Controller 1 00-pin TQFP 82371MX (MPIIX) I ntel M -PCI IDE ISA Xcelerator 1 76-pin TQFP N28F020-150 I ntel 2 56kx8Flash ROM 3 2-pin PLCC C &T 65550 C hips & Technologies V GA Controller 2 08-pin FQFP P C87338 N ational D iskette Controller, IDE, 100-pin TQFP Semiconductor Parallel Interface M 38813E M itsubishi K eyboard Controller 6 4-pin TQFP PC1131 T exas InstrumentsPCCard Controller 2 08-pin QFP E S1878 E SS Technologies S ound Controller 1 00-pin PQFP ES938 E SS Technologies3DSound Controller 2 8-pin SSOP Intel Pentium P55CLM Microprocessor The 166 MHz Intel Pentium microprocessor with MMX technology used in the NEC Versa series computer is built on Intel’s advanced 2.5V BiCMOS silicon technology. The CPU has on-chip dual-processing, a local multiprocessor interrupt controller, and power man- agement features. NEC adopted the chip specifically for its pipelined Floating Point Unit (FPU), and local interrupt management. M-Triton System Controllers NEC implements Intel’s Mobile Triton technology (MTDP 82430MX and MTSC 83437MX) for several of the notebook’s subsystems including the DRAM controller, Sec- ond Level Cache Controller and PCI Bus interface. The Mobile Triton PCI set features in- clude: 3.3V EDO DIMM (70-ns) support direct mapped organization write-back policy fully synchronous 33 MHz PCI bus interface., 1-20 Technical Information 256K X Flash ROM The N28F020 flash ROM is a 32-pin, plastic lead chip carrier (PLCC). The chip allows easy updates to the system's BIOS if needed. More specifically, the ROM is flashed electroni- cally, installing the latest BIOS revisions to the system. It is possible to reprogram the BIOS up to 100,000 times. See Section 2, Setup and Operation, for BIOS update procedures. The N28F020 provides the system upgrade capability as well as the following: 256 KB memory Quick-Pulse Programming Algorithm 150 nanoseconds (ns) maximum access time ETOX Nonvolatile flash technology CMOS low power consumption ROM BIOS The system uses a Flash ROM known as the system's ROM BIOS to store machine lan- guage programs. The BIOS size is 256 KB, consisting of the system utility (for PC cards, Auto Setup), system BIOS, video BIOS, and power management. The BIOS programs execute the power-on self-test (POST), initialize CPU controllers, and interact with the LCD indicator panel, diskette drive, hard drive, communication devices and peripherals. The system BIOS also contains Auto Setup and provides VGA controller support. The ROM BIOS is copied into RAM (shadowing) for optimum performance. The ROM BIOS contains both the system and video BIOS. The system BIOS is located in the upper portion of the device; video BIOS is located in the lower portion. System BIOS is located between F0000h-FFFFFh. The BIOS often changes after the product release to provide enhanced features or bug fixes. To acquire the latest BIOS release, the ROM is flashed electronically allowing the BIOS update to occur without removing the ROM. See Section 2, Setup and Operation, for BIOS upgrade procedures. VGA Controller The Chips and Technologies 65550 is a PCI 64-bit Graphics Accelerator. The integrated programmable linear address feature accelerates the graphics user interface (GUI) perform- ance. The controller also supports Hardware Multimedia and VESA interface standards. The controller provides advanced power management that helps to minimize power usage in the following modes: normal operation Standby (sleep) mode panel off power saving modes., Technical Information 1-21 Parallel Interface The PC87338VJG chip is a 100-pin Thin Quad Flat Plastic (TQFP) chip. The controller changes 8-bit parallel data into serial data and writes the data to the diskette. Conversely, the serial data is transmitted from the diskette into parallel data, where it remains until the read operation takes place. Additional PC87338VJG chip operations include: ISA compatibility low-power CMOS with enhanced power-down mode Keyboard Controller The keyboard controller (M38813E) supports a PS/2-style keyboard, mouse and password security feature. Refer to Appendix A for keyboard interface connector pin assignments. When data is written to the output buffer, the controller generates an interrupt, and requests the CPU to receive the data. The controller automatically adds an even parity bit to the data sent and waits for a response. The device must acknowledge that the data was successfully received by sending a response to the controller for each byte of data received. PC CardBus Controller The Texas Instruments PC1131 controller interfaces with the PCI bus, PC CardBus socket and configuration registers to provide: compliant with PCI 2.1 and 1995 PC card standards CardBus slots with hot insertion and removal independent Read and Write buffers for each direction burst transfers to maximize data throughput on the PCI CardBus bus. Sound Integrated Circuit The ESS Technologies chip set (ES1878 Audio Drive and ES938) provides dynamic audio circuitry with the following: Audio digital processor Plug and Play support High-performance 16-bit Stereo Codec Full-duplex operation for simultaneous record and playback Analog joystick quad timer and digital joystick support., 1-22 Technical Information Interrupt Controllers Using interrupts, it is possible to change the system’s code sequence. To change the se- quence, reassign the interrupt-levels. Fifteen interrupts can be used with a cascade connec- tion of two 82C59 interrupt controllers. Interrupt-level assignments 0 through 15 are listed in Table 1-4, in order of decreasing priority. Table 1-4 Interrupt Controllers

CONTROLELR

(MASTER/SLAVE) PRIORITY NAME DEVICE M aster0IRQ00 C ounter 0/Timer 1 Master1IRQ01 K eyboard Master2IRQ02 I NT output from controller2Slave3IRQ08 R eal-time Clock S lave4IRQ09 I nfrared Port Slave5IRQ10 R eserved (CardBus controller) Slave6IRQ11 R eserved (CardBus controller) Slave7IRQ12 N EC VersaGlide Mouse S lave8IRQ13 M ath Coprocessor (built into CPU) Slave9IRQ14 H ard Disk Controller1Slave10IRQ15 R eserved (2nd IDE on Docking Station or CardBus card) M aster11IRQ03 N ot used M aster12IRQ04 S erial Port 1 Master13IRQ05 S ound Master14IRQ06 D iskette Drive Controller M aster15IRQ07 P arallel Port 1, Technical Information 1-23 POWER MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW Power Management in the NEC Versa lets you conserve energy, save battery power, extend the life of your LCD backlight, and protect against data loss due to low battery power. Set some features to function automatically or activate them manually with the keyboard or a button. It is wise to keep Power Management features enabled, even when using AC power. The system ships with many power-saving features already enabled. See the following table. T able 1-5 Automatic Power-Saving Features

DEFAULT

DEVICE TIMEOUT COMMENT Video 2 minutes V ideo turns off after there is no keyboard or VersaGlide input for the specified timeout. H ard Disk 2 minute H ard disk motor stops when hard disk is not accessed for specified timeout. S tandby 4 minute S ystem enters Standby mode after total system inactivity. You can change the timeout period for any of the devices using Setup. See Section 2 for Setup utility procedures. Use the FnF7 key combination to set the power management level. The faucet icon changes when the power management setting changes. You can toggle between Highest Perform- ance, Longest Battery Life, Custom Power Management, and Off. Default values change depending on the type of power management you use.

NOTE

Some power management features are not available when connected to a docking station. For example, the Suspend and Save to File fea- tures do not work. The system enters Standby mode if Suspend or Save to File is activated., 1-24 Technical Information System Power Management NEC Versa system power management consists of the following operation modes. These modes are: Active Mode In active mode, the system uses maximum power. It operates with the default clock speed. The system continues to run at this speed unless overwritten by the power management features. Standby Mode The system switches automatically to Standby mode. This eliminates unnecessary power consumption when you operate the system on bat- tery power or AC. Standby mode shuts down the LCD panel, providing privacy as well as power savings. Suspend Mode Suspend mode causes the CPU power down, local devices to shut down, and register values to be stored in RAM. System RAM is put into a slow refresh state. A moon icon in the LCD Status Bar indicates that Suspend mode is in effect. The system resumes Active mode when you press the Suspend button, or the system is set to resume at a certain time of day. Suspend mode lets you save power without first saving the working data. Press the Suspend button to enter Suspend mode when you need to be away from the system for a short period of time and want to return to where you left off. In addition, to quickly activate the Save to File feature, press the Fn and Suspend button simultaneously. This shuts down the system, and saves the current working data to a file. Local Power Management Use Auto Setup to select one of four power management settings for local devices. These include Longest Battery Life, Highest Performance, Custom Setup, and Power Management Off. The power management levels are also available during AC operation. The NEC Versa computer ships with Longest Battery Life as the default power management setting. See Section 2 for specific procedures on using Auto Setup to select the power management settings. When set to Longest Battery Life, CMOS will set local device timeout values, a local stand- by timeout value, and a suspend timeout value to ensure the longest battery life. The High- est Performance setting selects CMOS values that will provide minimal energy savings and a shorter battery life. The custom settings enable end-users to set the timeout values of their choice. The Power Management Off selection terminates all power management timers., Technical Information 1-25 Local device timers in the system control power consumption in the LCD and Hard Disk Drive. Table 1-6 shows NEC Versa Series Maximum Performance default power manage- ment timers. Table 1-6 Maximum Performance Default Settings POWER AUTOMATIC MANAGEMENT MODE SUSPEND HARD DISK TIMER VIDEO TIMEOUT L ongest Battery Life10minutes 2 minutes 2 minutes Highest Performance30minutes10minutes10minutes Custom10minutes30seconds30seconds PLUG AND PLAY The NEC Versa features a Plug and Play functionality. Plug and Play is the ability of the BIOS and/or operating system to dynamically assign system resources to a newly installed device without user intervention. For example, you can suspend the system, add an external keyboard, mouse, or monitor, and when you resume working, the NEC Versa recognizes the devices that have been con- nected to it. Similarly, you can remove external devices in Suspend mode and the NEC Versa detects the status when resumed.

NOTE

The system must be turned off when installing the CD-ROM reader, diskette drive or hard disk drive in the VersaBay II. Installing these devices in Suspend mode may cause damage to the system., 1-26 Technical Information

SPECIFICATIONS

Table 1-7 provides a complete list of NEC Versa series system specifications. Table 1-7 Specifications ITEM S PECIFICATION C hassis Configuration Size W idth: 11.69 in. (297 mm) D epth: 9.88 in. (251 mm) H eight: 2.3 in. (58.5 mm) W eight: 7.94 lb (3.61 kg), Exact weight depends on options K eyboard P S/2 compatible, 85-key (both U.S. and International) with QWERTY-key layout (International keyboards are country- specific) Device Slots T wo PC Card slots that support up to two optional cards- oriented one on top of the other One 3 1/2-inch x 0.75-inch high slot, front access, for standard 1.44 diskette drive, 10X CD-ROM reader optional hard disk drive or Li-Ion battery. P ower 1 00 to 240 Volts AC at 50 or 60 Hz Output Voltage — 18.5 V DC, 2.45 A (45.5 W) Battery Pack Weight .85 lb (.38 Kg) Voltage 14.4VCapacity 2600 mAH Battery Life Approximately 2 to 4 hours (depending on model and power management settings) R echarging Time Approximately 2 hours when the system is on or off Bridge Battery Backs up memory contents up to 5 minutes in Suspend mode Front Panel Controls P ower Button Suspend Button Brightness Control LEDs P ower LED B attery Status LEDs, Technical Information 1-27 T able 1-7 Specifications I TEM S PECIFICATION S ystem Board CPU I ntel Pentium 166 MHz with 16 KB L1 cache and built-in numeric coprocessor C lock Speed 1 66 MHz CPU Bus Speed66MHz F lash ROM 2 56 KB: 28F020 Connector Support P arallel —1 port, 25-pin D-sub S erial — 1 port, 9-pin D-sub Infrared — 1 on front of system VGA — 1 port, 15-pin high-density D-sub External Keyboard/External Mouse — 1 port, PS/2, 6-pin MiniDin; exclusionary use or both supported with optional Y-adapter Expansion — 1 port, for optional NEC Docking Station 6000 Plus, optional PortBar 6000, or optional FDD Connector Kit. Mono MIC IN — 1 port, 3-pin, Mini Pin Jack Stereo Headphones — 1 port, 3-pin, Mini Pin Jack, .5 watts per channel Stereo Line-In — 1 port, 3-pin, Mini Pin Jack S tereo Line-Out — 1 port, 3-pin, Mini Pin Jack TV Out — 1 port; RCA Jack DC In — 1 port, for AC adapter cable Memory System Memory32MB high-speed EDO access, 70 ns Optional T wo DIMM sockets (for base and expansion memory) under the keyboard, available for one additional SODIMM. Expandable in 16-MB, 32-MB, 64-MB increments Maximum 128-MB (by swapping base RAM to 64-MB and adding a 64-MB expansion DIMM) Video RAM 2 -MB V ideo Interface (VGA) LCD 1 3.3-inch high resolution active matrix thin Film Transistor (TFT) Extended Graphics Array (XGA) color display, 1024 x 768 pixels, 0.264 mm dot pitch, 256,000 colors, 1-28 Technical Information Table 1-7 Specifications I TEM S PECIFICATION I nternal Device Support Diskette Drive U ser-removable 3 1/2-inch, 1.44-MB, installs in VersaBay II slot Hard Disk Drives I DE interface (built-in), 2 1/2-inch x 1/2-inch high (thin-height) System ships with a 2.1-GB hard disk drive 10x CD-ROM Reader U ser-removable ten-speed (10X) CD-ROM reader, installs in VersaBay II slot External Device Support CRT Displays up to 1280 x 1024 resolution x 256 colors Mouse P S/2-compatible mouse Keyboard B uilt-in 85 key keyboard with 12 programmable function keys, embedded numeric keypad and special function control keys, dedicated screen control keys, and inverted “T” cursor keys / IBM enhanced 101/102-key compatible keyboard Software S tandard W indows® for Workgroups version 3.11, or Window 95 McAfee VirusScan™ M cAfee WebScan™ Official Airline Guide (OAG®) N etscape Navigator Dial -Up Edition L apLink® Traveling Software C ompuServe®· America Online® MediaMatics Arcade™ MPEG Player X ing MPEG Player Recommended Environment Operation T emperature: 41° to 95°F (5° to 35°C) Relative Humidity: 20% to 80% (No condensation) Storage T emperature: -4° to 104°F (-20° to 40°C) Relative Humidity: 20% to 80% (No condensation), Technical Information 1-29 Table 1-7 Specifications ITEM S PECIFICATION Administrative Compliance U .S.: FCC, UL Canada: CSA, DOC Germany: VDE, TUV, CE Australia: AS for AC adapter only O ther Compliance P C95 Compliance Energy Star VESA & PnP VESA PnP ISA,

Section 2 Setup and Operation

This section provides setup and operation information for the NEC Versa series system (in- cluding cabling, power-on verification and using the Setup utility, from this point on re- ferred to as “Setup” only). UNPACKING THE SYSTEM Find an area away from devices that generate strong magnetic fields (electric motors, transformers, etc.). Place the shipping carton on a sturdy surface and carefully unpack the system. The carton contents include the system, CD-ROM reader, AC adapter, AC power cord, battery, software CDs, and user documentation. HARDWARE SETUP When connecting power and signal cables, do the following. Note that the power switch turns on or off. Slide the switch right to turn it on, slide the switch again to turn it off.

NOTE

Always plug the AC adapter cord into an easily accessible outlet. 1. Connect the AC adapter cable to the power port on right side of the NEC Versa. Figure 2-1 Connecting the AC Adapter, 2-2 Setup and Operation 2. Plug one end of the AC power cable into the AC adapter and the other end into a properly grounded 120- or 240-volt wall outlet.

NOTE

Do not cover or place objects on the AC adapter. This will allow heat to dissipate properly. 3. Ensure that all connections are properly seated and secure. ! CAUTION T his equipment uses an ungrounded power cable. Replace the cord if it becomes damaged. U.S. and Canadian replacement cords must be UL-approved (CSA certified in Canada) type SPT-2, 18 AWG, 2-conductor cord with a permanently attached NEMA type 5-15P plug at one end, and a permanently attached connector body on the other. Cord length may not exceed 15 feet. Outside the U.S. and Canada the cord must be rated for at least 250VAC at 10 amps, and must indicate international safety agency approval. The plug must be a type appropriate for the country where it is used. Obtain replacement cords at an authorized service center. The re- placement must be of the same type and voltage rating as the origi- nal cord. 4. Slide the power button to the right to power on the computer. F igure 2-2 Powering on the System, Setup and Operation 2-3

NOTE

If operating the system on DC power, verify that the system has a charged battery pack installed. Cable Connections Figure 2-3 shows the external connectors for the system. Where appropriate, secure cables by tightening the cable holding screws. Figure 2-3 Power and I/O Connector Locations Table 2-1 describes the I/O connectors on the rear of the system. For pin assignments, see Appendix A. Table 2-1 I/O Connector Descriptions I/O CONNECTOR F UNCTION IR Port T he infrared port allows the user to transfer files between the NEC Versa and an IR-equipped computer, or print to an IR-equipped printer without using cables. Keyboard/Mouse Port C onnects to a PS/2-style mouse, or a 101-key, external PS/2-style keyboard. Parallel Port C onnects to a 25-pin parallel device. Expansion Connector P rovides a 75-pin connector to attach the optional NEC Docking Station 6000 Plus or PortBar 6000. Monitor Port C onnects to a 15-pin external CRT. Serial Port C onnects to an RS-232C device., 2-4 Setup and Operation POWER SOURCES The NEC Versa can be powered using three different sources, as follows: the AC adapter connected to an electrical wall outlet (using AC power) the battery pack or an optional second battery pack the optional DC adapter connected to a car cigarette lighter. The following sections summarize the power sources. Using the AC Adapter Use the AC adapter and power cable that came with the NEC Versa to run the computer on alternating current (AC) power, or to recharge the battery pack. Use the AC adapter when- ever a wall outlet is nearby. ! WARNINGDonot attempt to disassemble the AC adapter. The AC adapter has no user-replaceable or serviceable parts inside. Dangerous voltage in the AC adapter can cause serious per- sonal injury or death. The AC adapter is intended for use with a computer. Both must meet EN60950 standards. Keep the adapter connected whenever possible. The AC adapter charges the battery whether or not you are using the NEC Versa. Figure 2-4 NEC Versa AC Adapter, Setup and Operation 2-5 See the “Hardware Setup” earlier in this section for steps on connecting the AC adapter. Using the Main Battery Pack The NEC Versa comes with a rechargeable Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery pack. Battery power lasts for approximately two to four hours with power management features enabled. The battery pack is easy to install and remove. Checking Battery Power Levels The NEC Versa system integrates two tools to help the user keep track of the main (or an optional) battery's power level. These include the battery icon located in the tray on the taskbar, and the PowerGauge utility for Windows for Workgroups and Windows 95 and PowerProfiler for Windows NT. Using the status bar icons (and percentages) to determine battery status is easy. For exam- ple, if one battery pack is installed, one battery icon appears. If two batteries are installed, two battery packs appear. A blinking battery icon indicates that the battery is charging. A fast blinking battery icon occurs: when installing a new battery during unknown battery status when there is a problem with the battery. Similarly, read the percentages that appear next to the battery icons to find out exactly how much battery power is available. The battery percentage icon blinks under the following conditions: when battery power is low, the number icon blinks. if battery power is extremely low, the number icon blinks rapidly. if the battery has been in storage for a long period of time. To access the PowerGauge utility in Windows for Workgroups systems, select the Power- Gauge Utility icon from the NEC Utilities program group. To access in Windows 95 or Windows NT systems, right click the PowerGauge icon located in the tray on the taskbar. It also starts automatically at power on., 2-6 Setup and Operation What to Do When Battery Power Gets Low When battery power is very low, the power LED flashes amber. When battery power gets low, do either of the following: Press the Suspend button to put the system in Suspend mode, remove the battery pack, and replace it with a fully charged Li-Ion battery. Leave the battery pack in the system and connect your NEC Versa to the AC adapter and a wall outlet. If you connect the system to AC power and continue to use it, the battery recharges in approximately 2 hours. If you connect the system to AC power and do not use it, the battery recharges in about 2 hours. Customers can also buy an optional NEC Versa battery charger to quickly charge the bat- tery. See the online Options Catalog for more information. Returning the Battery to Full Operation To return the battery to its normal state, try the following: remove and then reinstall the battery. reinstall the battery in the NEC Versa, discharge the battery, then fully recharge the battery (to 100%) if the battery in use was in storage for an extended period of time. When to Change the Battery The following symptoms indicate that battery life is nearing an end. Replace batteries that display these symptoms. Shorter work times. Discoloration, warping. Hot to the touch. Strange odor. Battery Handling Keep the following in mind when removing or replacing a battery. Use Li-Ion batteries only in the NEC Versa computer for which they are designed. Turn off power to the system after use. Keeping system power on can degrade battery performance and shorten battery life. Clean the battery terminals with a dry cloth when they get dirty. Keep the battery out of the reach of children., Setup and Operation 2-7 ! WARNING

There is a danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly

replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Keep the battery away from heat sources including direct sunlight, open fires, microwave ovens, and high-voltage containers. Temperatures over 60ºC (140ºF) may cause damage. Do not drop or impact the battery. Do not disassemble the battery. Do not solder the battery. Do not puncture the battery. Do not use a battery that appears damaged or deformed, has any rust on its casing, is discolored, overheats, or emits a foul odor. Keep the battery dry and away from water. Keep metal objects away from battery terminals. Metal objects in contact with the terminals can cause a short circuit and damage. If the battery leaks onto skin or clothing, wash the area immediately. Battery fluid can cause a skin rash and damage fabric. If battery fluid gets in eyes, DO NOT rub; rinse with clear water immediately and see a doctor. Make sure the battery is properly installed in the battery bay. Replacing the Battery Pack

Replace the battery pack installed in your NEC Versa system as follows. NOTE Use Li-Ion batteries in the NEC Versa

computer for which they are designed. Also, in- stalling another manufacturer’s battery, or using a combination of very old and new batteries can deteriorate battery and equipment performance., 2-8 Setup and Operation 1. Save your files, exit Windows, and press the Suspend button or turn off system power. 2. Close the LCD and turn the system over. 3. Release the battery cover latch and slide the battery bay cover away from the system. Figure 2-5 Removing the Cover 4. Place a finger in the notch on the battery and lift the battery out of the system. (The notch has an arrow next to it.) ! CAUTION Always lift the battery out of the system by the notch. Fail- ure to do so can damage the battery terminals. F igure 2-6 Removing the Battery, Setup and Operation 2-9 5. Insert the new battery as follows: Locate the alignment groove on the end of the battery opposite the terminals. Locate the alignment tab inside the battery bay at the end opposite the termi- nals. Fit the battery alignment groove over the tab inside the bay. Lower the battery into the battery compartment, pressing gently to secure the terminal connections. Figure 2-7 Inserting the Battery Pack 6. Replace the battery bay cover as follows: Align the tabs on the bay cover with the grooves on the system chassis. Lower the cover onto the bay and slide it into place. Figure 2-8 Replacing the Cover 7. Turn the system over., 2-10 Setup and Operation Battery Precautions To prevent accidental battery ignition, rupture, or explosion, adhere to the following: ! WARNINGToavoid personal injury and property damage, read these battery precautions on handling, charging, and disposing of Li-Ion batteries. Keep the battery away from heat sources including direct sunlight, open fires, mi- crowave ovens, and high-voltage containers. Temperatures over 140º F (60ºC) may cause damage. Do not drop or impact the battery. Do not disassemble the battery. Do not solder the battery. Do not puncture the battery. Do not use a battery that appears damaged or deformed, has any rust on its cas- ing, is discolored, overheats, or emits a foul odor. Keep the battery dry and away from water. Keep metal objects away from battery terminals. Metal objects in contact with the terminals can cause a short circuit and damage. If the battery leaks: If the battery leaks onto skin or clothing, wash the area immediately with clean water. Battery fluid can cause a skin rash and damage fabric. If battery fluid gets into eyes, DO NOT rub; rinse with clear water immediately and consult a doctor. Take extra precautions to keep a leaking battery away from fire. There is a danger of ignition or explosion. Recharging Battery Precautions Adhere to the following precautions when recharging the Li-Ion battery. Read the instructions that came with the battery charger before charging the bat- tery. Use only the NEC battery charger designed for your NEC Versa battery type. Different NEC Versa models require different batteries and battery chargers., Setup and Operation 2-11 Charge the battery for the specified charge time only. During charging, keep the environmental temperature between 32°F and 104°F (0°C to 40°C). NEC VersaBay II Battery and Adapter Kit The NEC VersaBay II Battery and Adapter Kit provides a second lithium ion (Li-Ion) battery and adapter to use in your NEC Versa 6200MX computer. Inserting a second fully charged battery increases battery life approximately 4 to 5 hours. See the online Options Catalog in the NEC Versa 6200MX InfoCenter, for more information. Extending Battery Life While on the road, it is important to be aware of the simple things you can do to extend the life of the system’s main battery. One way is to keep the LCD backlight setting to Standard instead of Full. You can toggle between these two settings by pressing the function keys, Fn+F5. Or, slide the backlight control to a dimmer level. Using the DC Car Adapter Another way to power the NEC Versa is via car battery power using the optional DC car adapter. Connect the system to the optional DC car adapter as follows. 1. Disconnect the AC adapter from the system if connected. 2. Plug the appropriate end of the car DC adapter into the power port on the system. 3. Connect the plug of the DC car adapter to a car cigarette lighter. Figure 2-9 Connecting the Car DC Adapter, 2-12 Setup and Operation OPERATING CONTROLS The following section describes system controls, the LEDs, and function keys. Refer to Figure 2-10 to locate system controls and switches. Table 2-2 describes the controls. Figure 2-10 Keyboard Panel LEDs and Controls T able 2-2 Control and Switch Functions C ONTROL FUNCTION LCD Status Bar T he status bar provides an easy way to detect system status. Different graphic icons appear on the LCD bar indicating that a device is accessed, an operation performed, or a power mode is activated. Power LED L ights green when the computer is powered on. Lights amber and blinks at low battery levels. Suspend/Resume P ress the button for Suspend mode, press again to resume active Button mode. Power Button T urns the system on when pushed to the right. Turns the system off when pushed to the right again. Hard Disk Drive Bay Lift latch to remove the hard disk drive installed in the system. Release Latch K ensington Lock E nables the user to add an optional Kensington Lock to prevent unauthorized use of the computer. Volume Control C ontrols the speaker or headphone volume. Headphones C onnects external headphones or speakers to the NEC Versa. Plugging in headphones disables the built-in system speakers., Setup and Operation 2-13 Table 2-2 Control and Switch Functions (Cont’d) C ONTROL FUNCTION Line-Out C onnect this port to a Line-In port on another audio system to play or record. Line-In U se a cable to connect to the Line-Out port on another audio system. M icrophone A llows the user to record monophonic sound directly into the NEC Versa system. AC Port U se the power jack to attach the NEC Versa to an AC or DC power source. LCD Status Bar The NEC Versa status bar is located in the upper center of the keyboard panel. Figure 2-11 shows the status bar. Figure 2-11 Status Bar Location Status Icons The NEC Versa uses ten icons to let the user determine system status, as follows. Suspend — appears when the system is in Suspend mode. Power Management — shows current power management mode. Diskette Drive — appears when the NEC Versa writes data to, or retrieves data from a diskette., 2-14 Setup and Operation Hard Disk — shows when the NEC Versa writes data to, or retrieves data from the hard disk drive. Caps Lock — appears when Caps Lock is used. Scroll Lock — indicates that Scroll Lock is used. Num Lock — indicates that Num lock is in effect. Battery Status — displays the percentage of battery power available. Battery 1 appears when you have one or more batteries installed. Battery 2 appears when you have an optional battery installed in the VersaBay II. Function Keys (Fn Keys) Function keys set specific system parameters and are built into the ROM. When using these keys, simultaneously press Fn and the corresponding function key. See Table 2-3 for a list of ROM-based hot keys. ROM-based hot keys change system parameters temporarily. Hot Key functions operate until the system is turned off or reset. T able 2-3 Fn Key Operations KEY FUNCTION Fn F2 H ighlight, toggles the contrast between standard and full. Fn F3 L CD/CRT, toggles between LCD, CRT, TV out and simultaneous modes (LCD and CRT). Fn F5 B acklight, toggles the backlight between standard and full. F n F6 S peaker Volume, toggles speaker volume between high, medium, low and off. F n F7 P ower Management (P/M), sets P/M levels to highest performance, longest battery life, custom values, or off. Fn F12 S croll/Lock On/Off Fn Suspend S ave To File On Demand Smart Power Switch Provides an automatic feature that prevents you from accidentally powering off the NEC Versa, and losing your data while your system is in Suspend mode. The smart power switch senses that the system is in Suspend mode and prevents you from directly powering off the system when you press the power switch., Setup and Operation 2-15 To power off the system from Suspend mode 1. Press the Suspend/Resume button to make the system active. 2. Press the Power button to turn off the system. Setting Switches A six-position dip switch is located underneath the keyboard. (Dip switch instructions and location for accessing the switches follows this section.) The following lists identifies each switch setting and its function. Figure 2-12 Dip Switch Location

NOTE

Switches 3, 4, and 6 are reserved for NEC factory use only. Switch 5 is not used. Switch 1, BIOS Flash Protection Switch — The default setting is “ON.” Change the setting to “OFF” when you update your system’s basic input/output system (or BIOS) flash memory. See “Updating the System BIOS,” to complete this procedure. Switch 2, Password Override Switch — The default setting is “OFF.” For exam- ple, if you forget your password and cannot access the data on your NEC Versa, change the setting to “ON” and your current password dissolves., 2-16 Setup and Operation To enter a new password, reset the switch to “OFF,” and follow the instructions in Chapter 3, “Using Setup,” to set up a new password. You may want to keep this password in a special place so that you don’t forget it again! Switch 3 — Reserved for factory use. Switch 4 — Reserved for factory use. Switch 5 — Not used. Switch 6 — Reserved for factory use. Updating the System BIOS Use the following steps to update your NEC Versa 6200MX system BIOS with the BIOS Update Diskette (BUD). Specifically, the BIOS is the code transmitted onto your system’s microprocessor, or central processing unit (CPU).

NOTE

You only need to update the BIOS if NEC makes significant improvements or fixes to the current system BIOS. Your authorized NEC dealer or Technical Support Services representa- tive can help you determine this. If you are informed that the default BIOS needs an upgrade, to receive a copy of the BUD contact the NEC Versa Diskette Fulfillment Center at (800) 842-6446, or NEC Customer Service and Support at (800) 632-4525, Fax (508) 635-4100. You should only use the BIOS upgrade diskette for your specific model.

NOTE

If you purchased and are using this com- puter outside the U.S., please contact a local NEC office or dealer in your country. Updating the BIOS involves the following procedures: removing the speaker caps lifting and moving the keyboard out of the way setting the switch reassembling the unit and updating the BIOS resetting the switch., Setup and Operation 2-17 Changing Switch Settings Use the following steps to change switch settings. 1. Make sure the system is powered off and that no peripheral devices are attached. 2. Locate and remove the two Phillips-head screws on the bottom of the Versa 6200MX that secure the speaker caps. Put the screws in a safe place for reassembly. F igure 2-13 Locating the Speaker Cap Screws 3. Turn the NEC Versa 6200MX over and open the LCD panel. F igure 2-14 Removing the Speaker Caps, 2-18 Setup and Operation 4. Locate the two speaker caps, slide each one towards the outside edge of the sys- tem, and remove them. 5. Gently lift up the edge of the keyboard nearest the LCD and slide the keyboard towards the LCD screen to release the tabs that secure it. ! CAUTIONBecareful not to disconnect the keyboard or keyboard cable entirely from the system. F igure 2-15 Lifting the Keyboard Figure 2-16 Positioning the Keyboard, Setup and Operation 2-19 6. Carefully turn over the keyboard and place it face down on the VersaGlide. Be careful not to twist or disconnect the keyboard cable. 7. Locate the dip switch block. Using a fine tipped object, change the Dip Switch 1 setting to Off. (For other functions, set the appropriate switch to the required set- ting. See “Setting Switches” for switch functions and settings.) ! CAUTION Never use a lead pencil, ball point pen or ink pen to change switch settings. Figure 2-17 Dip Switches

NOTE

The system memory expansion slots are also located underneath the keyboard. Therefore, if you need install DIMM modules, you might want to do so while the system is already disas- sembled. 8. Reassemble the system as follows: Lift up the keyboard and align the tabs on the front of it with the grooves in the system. Reseat the keyboard in its original position., 2-20 Setup and Operation Figure 2-18 Reassembling the System Slide the speaker caps back onto the system. Close the LCD panel and turn the system upside down. Replace the speaker cap screws. 9. Your system is now ready for the BIOS update. Continue to the next section to update the BIOS. Performing the BIOS Update Use the following procedure to perform the actual BIOS update. 1. Make sure that the computer is operating under AC power, and that the power is off. Insert the BIOS Update diskette into diskette drive A. 2. Power on the computer with the diskette in drive A. The computer boots and automatically loads the utility. A message similar to the following appears: WARNING: The BIOS Update Procedure is about to begin, press ENTER to continue. To abort, remove the diskette and reset the unit. 3. Press Enter to continue. The utility checks the currently installed BIOS version and the diskette’s BIOS version. The Main Menu appears., Setup and Operation 2-21 4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the “Display BIOS Version” option on the Main Menu. Use this option to check the currently installed BIOS version and the ver- sion of the new replacement BIOS. P ress any key to return to the Main Menu. 5. Highlight the “Install New BIOS” option and press Enter. 6. Press Y and then press Enter. The utility updates the BIOS. Power off your computer and remove the diskette. Now power on your com- puter, you will now have the latest NEC Versa 6200MX computer BIOS revision level. 7. When the update is complete, follow the instructions in the previous section and reset dip switch 1 back to the ON position. 8. Press F1 to enter Setup and restore the default parameter settings. POWER-ON SELF-TEST (POST) Each time the system is powered on, the system checks the working status of components through an automatic power-on self-test (POST). The test checks the system configuration for any discrepancies. One beep means that POST is successful. If any problems in data transfer or hardware exist, an error message appears. If the message is a CMOS settings wrong message, press F2 to enter the Setup utility. Use the Arrow Keys to review the settings and make any necessary corrections, then use the ar- row keys to select “Save Settings and Exit.” If no error messages appear but the system still malfunctions, check the items in the following list. The power switch for each peripheral is on. All cables and power cords are tightly connected. The electrical outlet is working. The brightness and contrast controls for the display are adjusted properly. All options have been properly installed.

NOTE

If system parameters (date, time, options, etc.) were not entered for the present configuration, enter them when you complete the setup procedures (see “System Parameters” in this section)., 2-22 Setup and Operation POST Errors Error messages will appear during POST when configuration information does not match the settings stored in memory. Error message will also appear if the system loses the con- figuration information due to hardware failure. Refer to Table 2-4 for a description of POST error messages. T able 2-4 POST Error Messages M ESSAGE W HAT TO DO Diskette drive A or B Drive A does not work or is not properly failure or No Floppy connected. Drive A is the diskette drive. Drive or FDC Failure Check that drive A is securely connected and power is on. P ress F2 to start Setup to check the diskette drive parameters. If there’s still a problem, the drive might need repair. Invalid system disk R eplace the disk and then press any key. Diskette boot failure I nsert a bootable disk in drive A and press any other key. N on-system disk or Remove the diskette from drive A and press disk error; Replace any key to start the system from the hard disk. and press any key Or, insert a bootable disk in drive A and press when ready any key. O perating System Press F2 to start Setup. Change the hard Not Found disk type to the correct setting. Exit and save or Setup changes. C: drive failureNoROM BASICNobootable sector is found on either drive A or drive C. Remove the installed diskette and use a bootable diskette. CMOS setting wrong One or more system configuration parameters run Setup. Press F1 are not properly set. Press F1 to start Setup, to resume correct the settings, exit and save to update the parameters. Real time clock S et time and date using Setup. Exit and save to failure update the parameters. CMOS Battery state Have an authorized NEC dealer replace the low CMOS battery., Setup and Operation 2-23 T able 2-4 POST Error Messages MESSAGE W HAT TO DO C MOS date and time S et the time and date using Setup. Exit and not set save Setup changes to update the parameters. CMOS memory size R un Setup to reset the amount of memory mismatch defined on the motherboard. System CMOS Press F2 to enter Setup. Under Exit, set the Checksum failure – default values. Under Main, set the date and run Setup Press (F1) time. Save your changes and exit. to resume. Fixed disk S tart Setup. Exit and save to update the configuration error parameters. Check to see if the hard disk connector is seated properly. If there is still a problem, the hard disk might need repair. C : drive error or P ress F2 to start Setup. Exit and save to update failure the parameters. Check to see if the hard disk connector is seated properly. If there is still a problem, the hard disk might need repair. H ard Disk controller P ress F2 to start Setup. Exit and save to update failure the parameters. Check to see if the hard disk connector is seated properly. The hard disk controller does not work and might need repair. Keyboard controller U nplug external keyboard if attached and failure reboot the system. If it still fails, have the system repaired.

NOTE

Repeated keystrokes during boot may produce an error message. Keyboard Error A timing problem exists with the keyboard. If the error message remains, the keyboard may have to be repaired. KB\interface error Error exists in keyboard connector. If the error message remains, the keyboard may have to be repaired., 2-24 Setup and Operation Fatal errors that occur during POST are communicated through a series of beeps that are repeated continuously. All beep code errors, except beep code 8, are fatal errors and do not allow the system to continue to boot. If beep codes occur during POST, check the items in the Problem Checklist (at the start of this chapter), verify that all the hardware is set up properly and securely connected, and try rebooting. If you still get a beep code, go to the section “If You Need Assistance” at the end of this chapter. Beep Codes are listed in the table that follows. Table 2-5 Beep Codes

NUMBER

OF BEEPS ERROR DESCRIPTION1Refresh Failure T he memory refresh circuitry on the motherboard is faulty. 2 P arity Error P arity error in the first 64 KB of memory. 3 B ase 64 KB Memory M emory failure in the first Failure 64 KB. 4 T imer Not Operational M emory failure in the first 64 KB of memory or Timer 1 on the motherboard is not functioning. 5 P rocessor Error T he CPU on the motherboard generated an error. 6 8 042 – Gate A20 Failure T he keyboard controller (8042) may be bad. The BIOS cannot switch to protected mode. 7 P rocessor Exception T he CPU generated an Interrupt Error exception interrupt. 8 D isplay Memory T he system video adapter is Read/Write Error either missing or its memory is faulty. (This is not a fatal error.) 9 R OM Checksum Error T he ROM checksum value does not match the value encoded in the BIOS. 10CMOS Shutdown The shutdown register for Register Read/Write CMOS RAM failed. Error 11 C ache Error/External The external cache is faulty. Cache Bad, Setup and Operation 2-25 SETUP UTILITY The Setup utility is a ROM-based program. It is functional when enabled (factory default). Setup automatically detects current system parameters during the power-on self-test (POST), described in the previous section. It also provides the following functions: sets date and time signals any hardware discrepancies during POST via error messages verifies that any optional memory that you installed was installed correctly integrates user defined security features. Accessing Setup To access Setup, press F2 at the power-on prompt. With an Error at POST You will need to use the Setup utility if the system detects an error during POST, it prompts you with double beep sound and a message: "Press to resume.” If you press F1, the system enters Setup automatically. With No Errors at POST To enter Setup when no error message is displayed during POST, press F2 when the prompt appears. Setup Utility Main Menu After you press F2, the system displays the Setup Main Menu screen, similar to the following. AMIBIOS HIFLEX SETUP UTILITY - VERSION 1.05 (C)1996 American Megatrends, Inc. All Rights Reserved Standard CMOS Setup Advanced CMOS Setup Power Management Setup Peripheral Setup Change User Password Change Supervisor Password Auto Configuration with Defaults Save Settings and Exit Exit Without Saving Standard CMOS setup for changing time, date, hard disk type, etc. F igure 2-19 Setup Main Menu, 2-26 Setup and Operation

Use the up and down arrow keys (located on the lower right corner of the keyboard) to

toggle through the Setup menu items. How to Use Setup

The following sections describe how to use Setup, including these topics:

Looking at screens Using keys Checking and setting system parameters. Looking at Screens

Setup screens have three areas as shown next.

AMIBIOS SETUP - ADVANCED CMOS SETUP (C)1996 American Megatrends, Inc. All Rights Reserved Available Options: BootUp Sequence A:,C: C:,A: Plug and Play Aware O/S Auto A:,C: NumLock (at BOOT) Off Keyboard Auto-repeat Rate 30/sec Keyboard Auto-repeat Delay 1/2 sec Password Check Setup ESC:Exit :Sel PgUp/PgDn:Modify F3/F4:Color Figure 2-20 Advanced CMOS Setup Menu Parameters

The left part of the screen. This area lists parameters and their current settings

Available Options

The right part of the screen. This area lists alternate settings.

Key Legend

The bottom right corner of the screen. These lines display the keys that move the

cursor and select parameters., Setup and Operation 2-27 Using Keys The following table lists Setup keys and their functions. Table 2-6 Setup Key Functions KEY WHAT IT DOES ↑ ↓ M oves the cursor between the displayed parameters. PgUp/PgDn M odifies the current parameter settings. T ab F or some parameter settings, moves the cursor between the subfields. For example, for System Time, Tab moves the cursor from hour to minute to second. E scInthe Main Menu screen, press Esc to display the “Quit without saving” prompt. Also, press Esc to exit Setup menus, and return to the Main Menu. F3/F4 C hanges the screen color. Checking/Setting System Parameters See the following table for a list of parameters, their factory default settings, and alternate settings. A description of each setting follows the table. To reset all parameters to the default settings, select Auto Configuration with Defaults from the Setup Main Menu and press Y., 2-28 Setup and Operation Table 2-7 Setup Parameters DEFAULT A LTERNATE PARAMETER SETTINGS SETTING(S) Standard CMOS Setup System Date MO/DAY/YEAR System Time HR:MIN:SEC Diskette Drive A 1.44 MB, 3.5" Not installed, 1.2 MB/ 5.25" or 1.44 MB/ 3.5” Diskette Drive B* Not Installed Internal Hard Drive Enabled Disabled Primary Master Auto Not installed/BIOS Defined/User Defined/CD-ROM Primary Slave Auto Not installed/ BIOS Defined/User Defined/CD-ROM Docking Station Hard Enabled Disabled Drives* Secondary Master* Auto Not installed/BIOS Defined/User Defined/CD-ROM Secondary Slave* Auto Not installed/BIOS Defined/User Defined/CD-ROM Boot DS IDE* No Yes System Memory 640 KB Extended Memory 31744 KB (automatically detected) Advanced CMOS Setup Bootup Sequence A:, C: C:, A: Plug and Play Aware O/S No Yes NumLock (at Boot) Off On Keyboard Auto-Repeat 30/sec 2/sec, 6/sec, 10/sec, 13/sec, Rate 19/sec, 22/sec, 27/sec Keyboard Auto-Repeat 1/2 sec 1/4 sec, 3/4 sec, 1 sec Delay Password Check Setup Always, Setup and Operation 2-29 T able 2-7 Setup Parameters (Cont’d) DEFAULT ALTERNATE PARAMETER SETTINGS SETTING(S) Power Management Setup Power Management under AC Off On Power Savings Level Hard Disk Timeout Longest Life High Perform/Custom /Off Video Timeout** 2 min. 5/30/45 sec; 1/4/6/8/10/15 min.; Off Serial Timeout** 2 min. 30/45 sec.; 1/4/6/8/10/15 min.; Off Audio Device Timeout** On Off Standby Timeout** On Off Auto Suspend Timeout** 4 min. Off/1/2/6/8/10/15 min. Suspend Mode 10 min. Off/5/10/15/20/25/30 min. Auto Save to File Suspend STF Panel Backlight On Off Video Highlight Full Standard/Auto Suspend Warning Tone Full Standard PCMCIA Power On Off On Off Modem Ring Resume Wake Up from Suspend On Off Alarm On Off Resume Alarm Time Off On Set time in 5 min. increments when wake up is set to On. 8:00AM P eripheral Setup Serial Port Reconfigure Disabled (PnP OS Setup) COM1 (3F8, IRQ4) COM2 (2F8, IRQ3) COM3 (3E8, IRQ4) COM4 (2E8, IRQ3) Parallel Port Reconfigure Disabled (PnP OS Setup) LPT1 (378, IRQ7) LPT2 (278, IRQ5) Parallel Mode ECP Uni-Directional/Bi-Directional/EPP IR Serial Port Reconfigure Disabled (PnP OS Setup) COM3 IRQ9 COM2 (2F8, IRQ3) COM4 (2E8, IRQ3) IR Serial Mode SIR MIR, FIR TV Mode NTSC PAL Sound Reconfigure Disabled/User Defined Sound IRQ N/A 5***/7/9/10/11 SB-compatible DMA N/A DMA #0/DMA #1*** Full Duplex Mode DMA N/A DMA #0/DMA #3*** Docking Station MPU-401* Disabled Reconfigure/300h/310h/320h/330h Docking Station Joystick Disabled Reconfigure * Visible or available only when notebook is docked. ** Can only be modified when power management is set to Custom. *** Default options when sound setup is set to User Defined., 2-30 Setup and Operation Setup Menus Read the following descriptions for an explanation of each item that appears in the Setup menus, as listed in the preceding table. Standard CMOS Setup When you select the Standard CMOS Setup screen you will see System Time and System Date parameters as well as drive parameters. Date — This field lets you set your NEC Versa’s calendar month, day and year. The calendar clock is year 2000-compliant. These settings remain in memory even after you turn off system power. To set the date use the Tab or arrow keys to move from field to field. Use the PgUp or PgDn key to change the numbers within each field. Time — To set the time, enter the current hour, minute, and second in hr/min/sec, 24-hour format. To set the time use the Tab or arrow keys to move from field to field. Use the PgUp or PgDn key to change the numbers within each field. Diskette Drives — The diskette drive parameters let you check and change set- tings for your diskette drives. Internal Hard Disk Drive — This field allows you to enable or disable the internal hard drive in your system. You can also define primary master and slave drives. Docking Station Drives — This field lets you enable and disable the hard drives installed in a docking station. You can also specify the docking station hard drive as the boot drive. (These options are only available when the NEC Versa is docked.) System Memory — Two fields display the amount of system memory and ex- panded memory installed in your system. These are display-only fields. The system automatically senses the amount of installed memory., Setup and Operation 2-31 Advanced CMOS Setup Advanced CMOS settings let you define the following functions. BootUp Sequence — Sets the order that the drives (A:, C:) initialize, or sets the order to search for the boot disk. Plug and Play Aware O/S — Selects whether or not the system boots to a Plug and Play operating system. NumLock (at Boot) — Specifies whether NumLock is On or Off at system startup. Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate — Defines the speed at which a repeat key repeats. Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay — Defines how long a key waits before beginning to repeat. Password Check — Specifies if the system prompts you to enter a password when resuming operation from a Save to File state. Power Management Setup Power Management Setup The Power Management Setup menu lets you balance high performance and energy conser- vation using parameters including the following.

NOTE

Some operating systems such as Windows for Workgroups and Windows 95 have their own power management software that overrides CMOS settings. In this case, be sure to set your desired power management settings accordingly. Power Management Under AC — Specifies whether to enable power manage- ment features when AC power is in use. When AC power is connected to your NEC Versa system, power management is usually disabled. If you enable this pa- rameter, the system automatically activates the power management profile you set even when AC power is used. Power Savings Level — Lets you choose one of four levels of power manage- ment. High Perform provides the greatest system performance with only minimal power conservation. Longest Life provides the maximum amount of power savings. Off disables power management and all device timeouts., 2-32 Setup and Operation Custom lets you can define your own power management configuration by selecting values for specific device timeouts. Custom lets you set the following timeouts. – Hard Disk Timeout – Allows you to select the amount of time before your hard disk shuts down. – Video Timeout – Allows you to select the amount of time before your video shuts down. – Serial Port Timeout – Lets you choose the amount of time before your serial port shuts down. – Audio Device Timeout – Selects the amount of time before your audio device shuts down. – Standby Timeout – Allows you to select the system standby timeout period. – Auto Suspend Timeout – Defines how much time elapses before the system automatically enters Suspend Mode. Suspend Mode — Allows you to specify either Suspend or Save to File (STF) as the default power management mode. In Suspend, after a specified amount of in- activity, your NEC Versa shuts down all devices as you specified in Setup or ap- plies default timeouts. All your data is automatically recovered from where you left off when you Resume. In automatic STF, after 30 minutes in Suspend mode the current file is automati- cally saved to a special file on the hard disk and the system shuts down. To re- sume, you must press the power button. The system reads the saved file and sets up your system accordingly. If Auto Save to File is set to Off and HDPREPEZ is present and configured, pressing the Fn-Suspend key combination puts the system into Save to File mode. Panel Backlight — Lets you select the LCD screen backlight intensity. Video Highlight — Allows you to select the text intensity at system start-up. Suspend Warning Tone — Specifies whether the system warning tone sounds when Suspend mode starts. It is best to keep this option enabled. PCMCIA Power — Turns power to the PC card slots on and off. If PC cards are not in use, turning off slot power conserves considerable power. Slot power can- not be turned off if a PC card is installed. Modem Ring Resume — Lets you choose whether the system resumes automati- cally when an optional modem receives a transmission., Setup and Operation 2-33 Wake Up from Suspend Alarm/Resume Alarm Time — Lets you set a resume time from Suspend mode. Peripherals Setup The Peripherals Setup menu displays the connection locations between the system and the Input/Output (I/O) ports. This menu also lets you specify different port assignments as needed.

NOTE

If you disable a device in Setup, you cannot enable or assign it using the Windows 95 device manager. The device is not listed in the Windows 95 device list. To control the device using the Windows 95 device manager, select any setting other than “Disable” in Setup. Serial Port — Allows you to disable the port or change its address assignment. Parallel Port/Parallel Mode — Lets you disable or reassign the parallel port and select a parallel port mode. IR Serial Port/IR Serial Mode— Allows you to disable or reassign the IR serial port and select an IR mode. TV Out Port — Specifies the signal type (NTSC or PAL) used by the TV being connected to the TV Out port. Sound/Sound IRQ/Sound SB-Compatible DMA/Full-Duplex Mode DMA — Se- lects the sound parameter to user defined, disabled or reconfigure. Change addi- tional sound related items as needed. Other Setup Options Setup offers other options, including the following: Change User Password — Lets you set a user password once a Supervisor pass- word is set. Change Supervisor Password — Sets a Supervisor password at system startup. Auto Configuration with Defaults — Loads default settings. Save Settings and Exit — Accepts changes made to current settings, saves to CMOS, and exits Setup. Exit Without Saving — Reverts to previously selected settings and exits Setup., 2-34 Setup and Operation Using Setup to Set Power Management Setup allows you to use the factory-defined power savings level (Longest Life), or choose between High Perform, Custom, or Off. Each provides a special value to your current work effort. These power management levels were designed with you in mind. For example, you can use them under the following circumstances: Longest Life — Provides best battery life and good performance. Use while trav- eling long distances. High Perform — Provides best performance and good battery life. Use while on the road, traveling short distances. Custom — Lets you decide! Set power management levels according to your own needs and present environment. Off — Works well in an office environment while powering your NEC Versa with AC power. Using the Save to File (STF) Feature STF protects the integrity of your working files. For example, if you are called away from your NEC Versa and Suspend mode is selected with auto Save to File active, your system automatically goes into Suspend mode. After 30 minutes, if you don’t return, your working environment is saved to a special file on your hard disk. There are two ways to set your NEC Versa’s STF feature. One method is via the Setup utility. Select Power Management from the Setup Main Menu. Move the cursor down and highlight Suspend Mode. Press the PgUp key and select STF. Save the settings and exit Setup. The second method is to press the Fn-Suspend combination before you leave your NEC Versa. This function initiates STF on demand.

NOTE

When the status bar reads that there is only 4% power remaining in the system, the NEC Versa automatically performs a Save to File. STF Benefits Using STF can benefit you in the following ways. When in STF, there is minimum battery drain. Preserves the life of your NEC Versa. Saves you time. When you return from that urgent call or meeting, you don’t have to reboot.,

Section 3 Troubleshooting

This section focuses on providing you with some information on basic troubleshooting as well as how to translate some system error messages. QUICK TROUBLESHOOTING This section summarizes problems that may develop during system operation and lists sug- gested corrective actions. Table 3-1 Quick Troubleshooting P ROBLEM C ORRECTIVE ACTIONSNopower C heck that the AC adapter is plugged into the power connector of the system. Also, check that the AC adapter is plugged into a properly grounded AC power outlet. If using the battery as the main power source, check if the battery pack is the right type, is charged, and is inserted correctly. C heck the I/O board of the system. Is it inserted into the main board connector properly? Otherwise, replace the I/O board. Data on the LCD is unreadable A djust the brightness control on the right side of the LCD panel. Check if the LCD cables are inserted properly. Also, check connections inside the LCD panel. C heck if installed VGA driver is correct. Check the VGA controller chip on the main board for any loose soldering. Replace the Graph board., 3-2 Troubleshooting T able 3-1 Quick Troubleshooting (Cont’d) PROBLEM C ORRECTIVE ACTIONS Battery power does not last long M ake sure that the power management features are enabled. R echarge the battery pack for 1½ hours before using again. Replace the battery pack. S ystem halts during boot sequence C heck condition of selected boot device (diskette, hard disk or CD-ROM) for bad boot track or incorrect OS files. T ry booting from a new bootable diskette and recopy or repartition hard disk. Check for any BIOS error messages on the display screen. R eplace the Graph board or I/O board. I /O processing malfunctions C heck the connections of all internal devices. Replace the Graph board or I/O board. D iskette drive does not work C heck if diskette drive cable is connected properly. C heck if the diskette drive works in the external FDD Connector Kit or with the PortBar 6000. C heck diskette type if correct and not faulty. Replace the diskette drive. R eplace the I/O board. Hard disk drive malfunction C heck if hard disk drive is set properly on CMOS SETUP. C heck drive cables and connections. C heck if disk drive is good. Replace the Graph board or I/O board. Memory malfunction C heck if the memory module is inserted properly. Replace the DIMM. R eplace the Graph board. E xternal keyboard or PS/2 mouse C heck if keyboard or mouse are connected doesn’t work properly. Check Y-cable if it is being used. Power off system first before plugging in the device. Replace the keyboard or mouse. Replace the Graph board or I/O board., Troubleshooting 3-3 Table 3-1 Quick Troubleshooting (Cont’d) PROBLEM C ORRECTIVE ACTIONS PC card does not work C heck the PC card driver installation for any IRQ or I/O address conflict. Check if the PC card is inserted properly and all connections are set. I f the PC card is a Type II card, install it in the system’s other PC card slot. Replace the PC card. R eplace the Graph board. NEC VersaGlide doesn’t work C heck if PS/2 mouse driver is properly installed. Check VersaGlide cable inside the system if it is inserted properly. Remove VersaGlide and clean it. C heck the keyboard controller chip for any cold or loose soldering. Replace the Graph board. Serial device does not work C heck if mouse driver is installed properly. Check if serial device is connected properly. Replace serial device. C heck the I/O controller chip on the main board for any cold or loose soldering. R eplace the I/O board. Parallel device does not work C heck all connections. Check if external device is turned on. T est another parallel device. Check I/O controller chip on the main board for any cold or loosed soldering. Replace the I/O board., 3-4 Troubleshooting HELPFUL QUESTIONS Here are some helpful questions to ask when troubleshooting the notebook: Is there any external power source connected to the computer? Is the battery fully charged? Is the computer turned on and the Power LED activated? Are the LCD display controls set to the minimum level? Is the LCD display switched to the external monitor? Are all cables and devices connected properly and securely? Are all needed device drivers installed properly? Have you checked the AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files for errors? Is the Suspend Mode activated on the LCD Status Bar? Press any key or press the Power switch to power on the system.,

Section 4 Field Service Guidelines

This section contains preventive and corrective maintenance procedures for the NEC Versa 6200MX notebook computer. The first part of the section describes cleaning procedures and preferred handling proce- dures for sensitive components (for example disk drives, batteries). The second part of the section identifies all field replaceable parts with the remainder of the section containing the removal and replacement procedures for the field replaceable parts. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE Preventive maintenance is limited to cleaning the plastic case, the keyboard, and the display screen and cleaning the diskette drive heads as required.

NOTE

Remove the battery and disconnect the AC adapter before performing any maintenance. Voltage is present inside the system unit and LCD even after the system is turned off. Cleaning the Notebook’s Exterior Use the steps below to clean the outer surface of the system. 1. Power off the system and remove all battery packs. Unplug all cables connected to the system. 2. Wipe the outside of the system unit, keyboard, and display with a soft, clean cloth. Remove stains with a damp, almost dry cloth. Use liquid glass cleaner to clean the LCD indicator panel. Apply the glass cleaner directly to the cloth and then wipe the LCD indicator panel. Do not use solvents or strong, abrasive cleaners on any part of the system. 3. Clean the keys with a damp cloth. A small, soft-bristle brush may be used to clean between the keys. Make sure to use a damp cloth (not wet) to prevent moisture from seeping between the keyboard and the metal plate, possibly damaging the components under the keys. If the keyboard gets wet, thoroughly dry it before re- assembling the system unit., 2 Field Service Guidelines Cleaning the Notebook’s Interior When servicing the inside of the notebook, remove dust and other foreign particles from in- side the system unit as follows. 1. Remove the top cover and keyboard using the disassembly procedures discussed later in this section. 2. Dust or vacuum (with a rubber-tipped nozzle) the inside of the system unit par- ticularly the motherboard surface. Use care to avoid damaging or dislodging any components or cables. 3. Inspect all cables connectors for damage. Ensure that connectors are seated prop- erly before replacing the cover. Protecting the Disk Drives To protect the disk drives and data, back up the system disk periodically on diskettes. Peri- odically use a head-cleaning diskette in the disk drive to prolong the life of the drive and to help maintain data integrity. Here are some maintenance procedures to use when servicing a hard disk: Always back up the data files from the hard disk. Run a virus detecting program to check for possible virus infected areas on the hard disk. Use the preinstalled ScanDisk program to correct any errors found in the direc- tory and File Allocation Table (FAT). This will also free up space from any un- used sectors. Never turn the computer off when the hard disk is being accessed. Never move or raise the computer while the hard disk is being accessed, most es- pecially don't jar the hard disk as this may cause a hard disk crash. Acquire a hard disk maintenance program like DEFRAG under DOS, or Norton Utilities SPEEDISK programs. These programs reorganize your hard disk by eliminating fragmentation and improves the hard disk access time., Field Service Guidelines 3 Handling the Battery Packs The battery packs furnished with the computer require reasonable care and handling to en- sure efficient operation and maximum life. Periodically inspect the battery terminals and the batteries for evidence of corrosion and oxide build-up. To ensure that the battery packs endure normal life cycle, always observe the following pre- cautions when handling the battery packs: Do not drop the battery packs or subject them to excessive shock and vibration. Do not expose the battery packs to direct sunlight, moisture, or chemical com- pounds, or extreme heat. Do not disassemble the battery packs. Do not use the battery packs to power other devices. Do not short the battery leads or connect the battery with reversed polarity. Never attempt to charge the battery packs in any way other than as described in this manual and the User’s Guide. Always charge the battery packs as soon as possible after a low battery indication. Maintaining the LCD Quality When it comes to screen problems, heat plays a big part. After a good working session, the typical routine is to shut the machine and close the cover. The display surface (no matter what type it is) radiates heat. When you close the cover, you trap the heat against the screen. Make sure to leave the computer's cover open for about ten minutes while the heat disperses, before closing the LCD. REQUIRED TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT All NEC Versa corrective maintenance procedures can be performed using the following tools: Tweezers Small flat-head screwdriver Small Phillips screwdriver Small Hex-bolt screwdriver, 4 Field Service Guidelines DISASSEMBLY AND REASSEMBLY This subsection contains step-by-step disassembly procedures for the system. Reassembly is the reverse of disassembly. Each procedure is supported by a simplified disassembly illus- tration to facilitate removal. The Illustrated Parts Breakdown and parts lists for the system unit are shown later in this subsection. For complete disassembly of the system unit, follow the disassembly order listed in Table 4-1. To reassemble, follow the table in reverse order. Table 4-1 NEC Versa 6200MX Series Disassembly Sequence S EQUENCE P ART SEE PAGE 1 Hard Disk Drive 4 -52Diskette Drive (installed in VersaBay II) 4 -73Main Battery Pack (Li-Ion type) 4 -84Keyboard 4 -105Memory Upgrade 4 -126LCD and Top Cover 4 -157VersaGlide 4 -188LCD Status Bar 4 -199Buzzer, CMOS Battery, Bridge Battery 4 -20 10 S ound Board 4 -21 11IRAssembly and Graph Board 4 -21 12 C PU Board 4 -23 13 I /O Board 4 -24 When disassembling the system unit, follow these general rules. Turn off and disconnect all power and all options, including the AC adapter (if connected) and battery packs (see the procedures that follow). Do not disassemble the system into parts that are smaller than those specified in the procedure. Label all removed connectors. Note where the connector goes and in what posi- tion it was installed., Field Service Guidelines 5 Hard Disk Drive To disassemble the entire NEC Versa computer, start by removing the hard disk drive as follows.

NOTE

NEC Versa hard disk drives can be used in other NEC notebook computers such as the NEC Versa 2000 and 4000 Series systems. However, hard disk drives from earlier models can only be used in the VersaBay II. Check the top of the hard drive for a blue dot. If the drive case has the blue dot on it, you can use the drive in either the drive bay or the VersaBay II. 1. Check that the NEC Versa power is off. 2. Turn the NEC Versa upside down with the front of the unit facing you. 3. Remove the drive cover as follows: Locate the drive cover screw. Remove screw. Push the drive cover release latch up while using some pressure to slide the cover to the left. Lift the cover up and off the system. Figure 4-1 Removing the Drive Bay Cover, 6 Field Service Guidelines 1. Remove the hard disk drive as follows: Using your fingers, press down on the hard disk drive at the end closest to the connector. While maintaining pressure, slide the drive towards the front of the system. ! CAUTIONDonot lift the drive out of the system before re- leasing it from the system connector. Doing so can damage the connectors. Once the drive is disconnected, lift the drive up and out of the system. Figure 4-2 Removing the Hard Disk Drive, Field Service Guidelines 7 Diskette Drive Remove the diskette drive as follows. 1. Make sure the NEC Versa is powered off, all options are disconnected, and the LCD panel is closed. 2. Turn the system upside down with the front facing you. 3. Locate the VersaBay II release latches on the bottom of the unit. Figure 4-3 VersaBay II Release Latches 1. Slide the front latch towards the hard disk drive side of the system, and hold it. 2. Push the middle latch towards you until the diskette drive pops part way out of the unit. 3. Continue to hold the latch near the front of the system to the left, and pull the diskette drive the rest of the way out of the system., 8 Field Service Guidelines

NOTE

If you release the front latch before com- pletely removing the device, the device casing catches on the inside of the latch. Figure 4-4 Removing the Standard Diskette Drive Main Battery Pack (Li-Ion Type) Remove the main battery pack as follows.

NOTE

Use Li-Ion batteries in the NEC Versa computer for which they are designed. Also, in- stalling another manufacturer’s battery, or using a combination of very old and new batteries can deteriorate battery and equipment performance. 1. Save your files, exit Windows, and press the Suspend button or turn off system power. 2. Close the LCD and turn the system over, with the front facing you., Field Service Guidelines 9 3. Release the battery cover latch and slide the battery bay cover away from the system. Figure 4-5 Removing the Battery Compartment Cover 1. Place a finger in the notch on the battery and lift the battery out of the system.

NOTE

Always lift the battery out of the system by the notch. Failure to do so can damage the bat- tery terminals. Figure 4-6 Removing the Battery, 10 Field Service Guidelines Removing the Keyboard 1. Make sure the system is powered off and that no peripheral devices are attached. 2. Locate and remove the two Phillips-head screws on the bottom of the NEC Versa 6200MX that secure the speaker caps. Put the screws in a safe place for reassembly. Figure 4-7 Locating the Speaker Cap Screws 1. Turn the NEC Versa 6200MX over and open the LCD panel. 2. Locate the two speaker caps, slide each one toward the outside edge of the sys- tem, and remove it. Figure 4-8 Removing the Speaker Caps, Field Service Guidelines 11 1. Gently lift up the edge of the keyboard nearest the LCD and slide the keyboard toward the LCD screen to release the tabs that secure it. ! CAUTION Be careful not to disconnect the keyboard or keyboard cable entirely from the system. Figure 4-9 Lifting Up the Keyboard 1. Carefully turn over the keyboard and place it face down on the VersaGlide. Be sure to disconnect the keyboard cable., 12 Field Service Guidelines Figure 4-10 Positioning the Keyboard Memory Upgrade The NEC Versa 6200MX comes standard with 32 megabytes (MB) of random access memory (RAM). You can increase system memory to a maximum of 128 MB. The RAM combinations possible are 32, 48, 64, 96 and 128 MB depending on which two of the listed dual inline memory modules (DIMM) are used. 16-MB memory module 32-MB memory module 64-MB memory module The following table shows the memory expansion possibilities. Table 4-2 System RAM Expansion B ASE MEMORY EXPANSION MEMORY TOTAL MEMORY 32 MB 16 MB 48 MB 32 MB 32 MB 64 MB 32 MB 64 MB 96 MB64MB* 64 MB 128 MB *Replacing the provided 32-MB DIMM with a 64-MB DIMM provides optimum memory expansion., Field Service Guidelines 13 Install DIMMs as follows: 1. Remove the keyboard as described in the preceding section. 2. Locate the lock notches and alignment key on the DIMM. Figure 4-11 DIMM Features 3. Locate the DIMM expansion port. 4. Hold the DIMM at a 45 degree angle and align the DIMM contacts with the socket in the system. Push the connector into the socket. 5. Press down on the edge of the DIMM opposite the contacts until the lock tabs on the sides snap into place, securing the module. Figure 4-12 Installing the DIMM, 14 Field Service GuidelinesIfyou are replacing a DIMM and need to remove one that is already installed, do so as follows: Press the locking tabs away from the sides of the DIMM and hold while gently lifting on the edge of the DIMM. When the edge of the DIMM pops up and is at approximately a 60 de- gree, pull the DIMM from the socket. F igure 4-13 Removing an installed DIMM

NOTE

The system switches are also located under- neath the keyboard., Field Service Guidelines 15 LCD and Top Cover Remove the LCD and top cover as follows. 1. Power off the computer. 2. Remove the bottom base unit cover as follows. Turn the computer over with the VersaBay II slot facing towards you. Locate the 10 screws that secure the bottom base unit cover. In all, there are 4 long screws, 6 short screws. Figure 4-14 Removing the Bottom Base Screws Remove the remaining screws (two of the ten were removed when removing the keyboard). Turn the laptop over and remove three screws. (There are 2 medium screws and 1 short screw.), 16 Field Service Guidelines Figure 4-15 Location of Three Screws Using a flat-head screwdriver, carefully detach the bottom base unit cover from the top cover. To lift off the top cover, place your left hand in the PC cards slot bay, and pull the left corner of the system upward with your right hand. Be careful not to lift the cover up too far until you have disconnected the LCD cables (see the next step.), Field Service Guidelines 17 1. Disconnect the LCD cables from connector P6 on the Graph board. Also discon- nect the speaker cables (P17) and VersaGlide cables (P14). Figure 4-16 Separating Top Cover from Base Unit, 18 Field Service Guidelines VersaGlide Remove three screws on the underside of the top cover to remove the VersaGlide. Figure 4-17 Removing the VersaGlide, Field Service Guidelines 19 LCD Status Bar Remove the LCD status bar. 1. Remove the LCD, top cover, keyboard, and the power button as previously described. 2. Remove the LCD status bar as follows. Locate the ribbon cable that attaches to the Graph board via connector P9. Use the tip of a screwdriver and carefully open the connector tabs. Lift up the LCD status bar. Figure 4-18 LCD Status Bar, 20 Field Service Guidelines Bridge Battery, CMOS Battery, Buzzer Remove the bridge battery, CMOS battery, and/or buzzer (speaker) as follows. 1. Remove the following as previously described: LCD top cover keyboard LCD status bar 2. To remove the bridge battery disconnect the cable from connector P11 on the Graph board and remove the bridge battery. 3. Remove the CMOS battery as follows. Locate the cable on the CMOS battery. Disconnect the cable from connector P13 on the Graph board and lift the CMOS battery out of the base unit. 4. To remove the buzzer, disconnect the buzzer cable from P12 on the Graph board and remove the buzzer. Figure 4-19 Removing Bridge Battery, CMOS Battery and Buzzer, Field Service Guidelines 21 Sound Board Remove the sound board as follows. 1. Remove the following as previously described: LCD top cover keyboard LCD status bar. 2. Remove the screw that secures the sound board to the base unit. 3. Lift the sound board from connector P6 on the Graph board. IR ASSEMBLY AND GRAPH BOARD Remove the remove the IR assembly and Graph board as follows. 1. Remove the following as previously described: LCD top cover keyboard LCD status bar bridge battery, CMOS battery and buzzer. 2. Disconnect the cable from connector P10 and remove screw securing IR board and lift out the IR assembly. 3. Remove the remaining screw from the main board as shown in the following fig- ure. Gently separate the Graph board from the base unit and I/O board, discon- necting two connectors., 22 Field Service Guidelines Figure 4-20 Removing IR Assembly and Graph Board, Field Service Guidelines 23 CPU Assembly Remove the CPU assembly as follows. 1. Remove the Graph board as previously described: LCD top cover keyboard LCD status bar Sound Board Graph Board. 2. Disconnect the bridge battery, CMOS battery, buzzer, and front IR cable from the Graph board. 3. Disconnect the fan cable from connector P18. 4. Remove the screw that secures the CPU assembly to the base unit. 5. Gently lift the CPU assembly out of connectors P3 and P4 on the Graph board. Figure 4-21 Removing the CPU Board from the Graph Board I/O Board Remove the I/O board as follows. 1. Remove the following as previously described: LCD top cover keyboard LCD status bar Sound board Bridge battery, CMOS battery, buzzer, 24 Field Service Guidelines Graph board. 2. Remove the 5 screws securing the I/O board to the bottom base unit. I /O board position is maintained with the use of two spacers. A sound insulator is attached to the top of the board. A PC card holder is found just below the board. 3. Lift the I/O board up and out of the base unit, being careful to note the position of the spacers and PC card holder. Figure 4-22 Removing the I/O Board ILLUSTRATED PARTS BREAKDOWN The next section contains the NEC part numbers and illustrated parts breakdown (IPB) fig- ure for the NEC Versa. The following figure shows the system exploded view diagram, or IPB. Table 4-3 lists field-replaceable parts and corresponding part numbers. Review the entire exploded diagram to see how each part is connected or assembled. Try to sub-divide the entire diagram paying particular attention to the LCD Assembly, Top Unit Cover Assembly, and the Base Unit Assembly., Field Service Guidelines 25 Figure 4-23 NEC Versa Model 6200MX Illustrated Parts Breakdown, 26 Field Service Guidelines Table 4-3 NEC Versa 6200MX Series Field-Replaceable Parts* ITEM P ART NUMBER 1. Battery Compartment Cover (Cap) 1 36-240832-103A 2 . Bottom Base Assembly 1 36-240825-103A 4 . PC Card Holder 1 36-628883-101A 11. Bridge Battery 8 04-021205-003A 12. Speaker with Cable (also called Buzzer) 8 02-870018-008A 1 4. TV Compartment Cover (Cap) 1 36-240910-101A 15. CMOS Battery 8 04-021107-003A 16. IRDA FPC Assembly 8 08-876328-001A 17. HDD Compartment Cover (Cap) 1 36-240831-103A 19. I/O Board, (G8YAP) 1 58-026241-000C 20. CPU Board, 166 MHz (G8YALA) 1 58-026239-001C 22. Graph Board (G8YAN) 1 58-026240-000C 2 3. LCD Indicator 8 08-872191-005A 25. Sound Board Assembly (G8YAQ) 1 58-026242-001B 27. Fan 8 08-876290-002A 29. VersaGlide Assembly 8 08-874649-201A 30. Speaker Assembly 8 08-876317-002A 33. Speaker Cover (left) 1 36-628885-101A 3 5. Speaker Cover (right) 1 36-628886-101A 3 7. Keyboard - U.S. 808-897300-001A U.K. (128WC-012) 808-897300-002A GERM (128WC-012) 808-897300-003A AUSTRALIA (128WC-012) 808-897300-004A Europe (128WC-012) 808-897300-101A I tems Not Shown on IPB Drawing AC Power Cord-U.S. 8 08-741299-001A AC Power Cord-GERM 8 08-741300-001A AC Power Cord-U.K. 8 08-741301-001A AC Power Cord-AUSTRALIA 8 08-741303-001A AC Adapter 8 08-891864-003A Cable 13.3’ XGA Assembly 8 08-742928-001C CD-ROM (10X) Assembly O P-220-62005, Field Service Guidelines 27 T able 4-3 NEC Versa 6200MX Series Field-Replaceable Parts* (cont’d) ITEM P ART NUMBER C D-ROM Carry Case 1 58-032107-000 Connector Cap Assembly 1 36-240922-101A Diskette Drive Assembly 1 34-507049-0010 Foot (tilt) 136-628872-101A 2.1 GB Hard Disk Drive Assembly (Toshiba) O P-220-62008 Hinge Cap (center) 1 36-240921-101A Hinge Cap (left) 136-629333-101A H inge Cap (right) 1 36-629334-101A I/O Board (G8YAP) 1 58-026241-000C I nsert Foam, End Cap (2 per box required) 1 58-041039-000 Inverter Assembly (XVGA) 8 08-892091-001A LCD Assembly Cover (XVGA 13.3”) 1 36-241396-001A L CD Cover (XVGA 13.3’) Assembly 1 58-057466-000 L CD Top Cover (Keyboard Cover) Assembly 1 36-241397-001A L CD Panel (LCD 272, 13.3) 8 08-876534-001A L ogo Badge, Versa 6200MX 1 58-030781-018 Logo Badge (NEC) 1 58-032256-000 Main Battery 8 04-021248-001A Memory, DIMM, 32 MB Hitachi, HB565W464DB-6BL 8 02-141177-606A Microphone with Cable Assembly 8 08-876316-001A Modem Cap 1 36-629314-101A P ower Switch Button 1 36-628878-101A Rubber Foot (SJ-5756 Banpon) (4 per) 136-634031-A Service Manual 8 19-200220-000 Shipping Carton 1 58-041029-000 Sound Cable 8 08-876531-001A User’s Guide (US) 8 19-200217-000 U ser’s Guide (UK) 8 19-200217-200 User’s Guide (Germ) 8 19-200217-400 V olume Knob 1 36-629500-101A, 28 Field Service Guidelines SERVICE INFORMATION NEC service and information telephone numbers are listed in Table 4-4. Table 4-4 NEC Service and Information Telephone Numbers S ERVICE C ALLToorder NECCSD spare partsInthe U.S., call 1-800- 632-4525Toorder options in the U.S. L ocal Sales Office To access the NECCSD Electronic Bulletin 1-508-635-4706 Board System (BBS) To download files - provides software drivers 1 -508)-635-4706 and the latest ROM BIOS NECCSD TSC (Technical Support Center) I n the U.S., call 1-800-632-4525 Listen to the automated attendant and select the appropriate menu to reach one of the following departments: Information Center — literature, dealer locations, sales leads, response to ads N SRC (National Service Response Center) — questions other than products and spare parts S ervice Contracts N ECCSD FaxFlash TM Service — automated In U.S. and Canada, call 1-888-329-0088 service that sends the latest information about NEC products to the fax machine 24 Outside U.S., 1-508-635-6090 hours a day TECHNICAL SUPPORT NECCSD Technical Support Center provides an E-mail service for Internet users. Technical questions regarding NEC products can be sent over the Internet system to the Center. The Internet address is as follows: t email is hidden If it is more convenient, questions may also be faxed to the Customer Service Response Center. The fax number is: (508) 635-4100 Along with the complete product name and question(s), be sure to include your name and fax number or Internet address, so that an expert can respond to the question., Field Service Guidelines 29 It would also help to include your telephone number in case the Customer Service Response Center can not get their answer to you. We will reply to all questions received by Internet or fax within one business day. PRODUCT INFORMATION NECCSD FaxFlash Service is an automated electronic information service used to obtain up-to-date product application notes, installation procedures, troubleshooting tips, data sheets, technical information bulletins, price lists, and other information. Information can be obtained from the FaxFlash service 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Us- ing a touch-tone telephone, call the FaxFlash number, order the desired information through the automated attendant, and FaxFlash will automatically fax the information. Catalogs that list the documents and the document numbers are available. Current catalogs include: Catalog 1 – Monitors, Graphics Boards, and Data Projector Products Catalog 2 – CD ROM Hardware and Software, Printers, and Disk Drive Products Catalog 3 – Laptop, Desktop, and Server Computer Products Catalog 9 – Price and Configuration Index ORDERING INFORMATION FROM FaxFlash Order information from FaxFlash as follows: 1. Check that the fax machine is on. 2. Locate the document part number. 3. Using a touch-tone telephone, call 1-888-329-0088 (U.S. and Canada only). F or international use, enter the international long distance access number, the U.S. telephone number, and the U.S. extension (1-508-635-6090). 4. Listen to the instructions provided by the automated attendant. Press 1 to skip the FaxFlash introduction and jump to the automated instructions for ordering a document or catalog. Press 2 for an introduction to FaxFlash, followed by the automated instructions for ordering a document or catalog. 5. When asked by the automated attendant, enter your fax number and telephone number., 30 Field Service Guidelines F or international use, first enter the international long distance access number (011), your country code, area code or city code, then your fax number. The information requested will be sent automatically to your fax machine. If Fax- Flash attempts to send the second order before the first order is completed, the order could be canceled. After three tries, FaxFlash assumes that the line is busy.,

Appendix A Connector Locations and Pin Assignments

Figure A-1 and Table A-1 show Graph board connectors. The remaining tables provide pin assignments for additional system connectors. Figure A-1 Graph Board Layout, A-2 Connector Locations and Pin Assignments T able A-1 Graph Board Connectors CONNECTOR D ESCRIPTION P6 L CD Screen P7, P8 D IMM ConnectorsP9LCD Status Bar P10 I nfrared Assembly Connector P11 B ridge Battery P 12 B uzzer P13 C MOS Battery P 14 V ersaGlide Assembly Connector P15 K eyboard P17 S peaker Connector P24 S ound Board S W1 P ower Switch SW2 S uspend Switch Figure A-2 I/O Board Layout, Connector Locations and Pin Assignments A-3 Table A-2 I/O Board Connectors C ONNECTOR D ESCRIPTION P1 G raph Board ConnectorP2Graph Connector (opposite side) P3Hard Drive ConnectorP4Optional Battery ConnectorP5VersaBay II ConnectorP6Main Battery ConnectorP7Serial Port Connector P8 E xternal MonitorP9Expansion Connector P10 P arallel Port P11 P S/2 Keyboard/Mouse Connector P12ACAdapter Connector P13TVOutput Jack Table A-3 Keyboard/Mouse Connectors PIN S IGNAL1Keyboard Data2Mouse Data3Ground 4 + 5V5Keyboard Clock6Mouse Clock Table A-4 Serial Port Connector Pin Assignments PIN S IGNAL 1 Data Carrier 2 Receive Data 3 Transmit Data 4 Data Terminal Ready 5 Ground 6 Data Set Ready 7 Request to Send 8 Clear to Send 9 Ring Indicator, A-4 Connector Locations and Pin Assignments T able A-5 CRT Connector Pin Assignments PIN S IGNAL 1 Red 2 Green 3 Blue 4 OPT15Ground 6 Ground 7 Ground8Ground 9 +5V PnP VESA Vcc10Ground 11 O PT2 12 P nP VESA Data13Horizontal Sync14Vertical Sync 15 P nP VESA Clock Table A-6 Parallel Printer Pin Assignments PIN S IGNAL 1 - Strobe 2 Data Bit03Data Bit14Data Bit25Data Bit36Data Bit47Data Bit58Data Bit69Data Bit710- Acknowledge 11 B usy 12PE13Select, Connector Locations and Pin Assignments A-5 T able A-6 Parallel Printer Pin Assignments PIN S IGNAL 14 - Auto Feed XT 15 - Error16- Initialize17- Select In 18 -25 G round T able A-7 Power Connector PIN S IGNAL1Ground2DCSYS3DCCHG T able A-8 Hard Disk Drive Connector PIN S IGNAL1HDD Access LED 2 + 5V3Chip Select04+ 5 5 Chip Select16+ 5V7Address08+ 5V 9 Address 2 10 + 5V 11 A ddress 1 12 + 5V 13 D iagnostic 14 N ot Used15IRQ 16 N ot Used 17 N ot Used, A-6 Connector Locations and Pin Assignments T able A-8 Hard Disk Drive Connector PIN S IGNAL 18IOChannel Ready19MSSelect 20IOWrite21I/O Read22Not Used 23 D ata0 24 D ata125Data15 26 D ata14 27 D ata2 28 D ata1329Data330Not Used 31 D ata1232Ground33Data4 34 G round 35 D ata436Ground 37 D ata538Ground 39 D ata10 40 G round41Data642Ground 43 D ata9 44 G round 45 D ata7 46 N ot Used 47 G round 48 G round 49 R ESET 50 G round,

Appendix B Video Modes The following tables list NEC Versa system video modes. Table B-1 LCD Display Mode Setting

(1024x768 TFT Color LCD and Simultaneous CRT Display)

Standard Video Mode

Mode Display Pixel Display Font Video Mode Type Mode Resolution Colors Fonts Size Memory (KB) CGA 320x200 16(gray) 40x25 8x8 256 0 Text EGA 320x350 16(gray) 40x25 8x14 256 VGA 360x400 16 40x25 9x16 256 CGA 320x200 16 40x25 8x8 256 1 Text EGA 320x350 16 40x25 8x14 256 VGA 360x400 16 40x25 9x16 256 CGA 640x200 16(gray) 80x25 8x8 256 2 Text EGA 640x350 16(gray) 80x25 8x14 256 VGA 720x400 16 80x25 9x16 256 CGA 640x200 16 80x25 8x8 256 3 Text EGA 640x350 16 80x25 8x14 256 VGA 720x400 16 80x25 9x16 256 4 Graph All 320x200 4 40x25 8x8 256 CGA 320x200 4(gray) 80x25 8x8 256 5 Graph EGA 320x200 4(gray) 80x30 8x8 256 VGA 320x200 4 80x30 8x8 256 6 Graph All 640x200 2 80x25 8x8 256 MDA 720x350 Mono 80x25 9x14 256 7 Text EGA 720x350 Mono 80x25 9x14 256 VGA 720x400 Mono 80x25 9x16 256 D Graph E/VGA 320x200 16 40x25 8x8 256 E Graph E/VGA 640x200 16 80x25 8x8 256 F Graph E/VGA 640x350 Mono 80x25 8x14 256 10 Graph E/VGA 640x350 16 80x25 8x14 256 11 Graph VGA 640x480 2 80x30 8x16 256 12 Graph VGA 640x480 16 80x30 8x16 256 13 Graph VGA 320x200 256 40x25 8x8 256 NOTE: 200-, 350-, and 400-line modes are converted to 768 lines by the BIOS. 200-line mode (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, D, E, 10, 13) is converted to 400-line mode with double scan.,

B-2 Video Modes Table B-2 Frequency Table for Standard Video Mode

Display Mode Dot Clock (MHz) Horiz. Freq. (KHz) Vert. Freq. (Hz) LCD Only Mode 65 48.3 60 Simultaneous Mode 65 48.3 60 Table B-3 Expanded Video Mode Mode Memory Pixel Display Font Video Mode Type Org Resolution Color Fonts Size Memory (KB) 30 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 256 80x30 8x16 512 31 Graph* Pack Pix 640x400 256 80x25 8x16 256 32 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 256 100x37 8x16 512 34 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 256 128x48 8x16 1024 40 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 32K 80x30 8x16 1024 41 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 64K 80x30 8x16 1024 42 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 32K 100x37 8x16 1024 43 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 64K 100x37 8x16 1024 44 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 32K 128x48 8x16 1536 45 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 64K 128x48 8x16 1536 64 Graph Planer 1024x768 16 128x48 8x16 512 6A Graph Planar 800x600 16 100x37 8x16 256 70 Graph Pack Pix 640x480 256 80x30 8x16 512 71 Graph Pack Pix 640x400 256 80x25 8x16 256 72 Graph Pack Pix 800x600 256 100x37 8x16 512 74 Graph Pack Pix 1024x768 256 128x48 8x16 1024 *Linear Addressing Mode. NOTE: 200-, 350-, and 400-line modes are converted to 768 lines by the BIOS. 200-line mode (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, D, E, 10, 13) is converted to 400-line mode with double scan.,

Video Modes B-3 T able B-4 Frequency Table of Extended Video Mode Dot Clock Horizontal Vertical Display Mode (MHz) Frequency (KHz) Frequency (Hz) LCD Only Mode 65 48.3 60 Simultaneous Mode 65 48.3 60 Table B-5 CRT Display Mode Setting (CRT-Only Display)

Dot Horiz. Vert. Video Mode Display Pixel Display Font Clock Freq. Freq. Memory Mode Type Mode Resolution Colors Fonts Size (MHz) (KHz) (Hz) (KB) CGA 320x200 16 (gray) 40x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 0 Text EGA 320x350 16 (gray) 40x25 8x14 25.175 31.5 70 256 VGA 360x400 16 40x25 9x16 28.322 31.5 70 256 CGA 320x200 16 40x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 1 Text EGA 320x350 16 40x25 8x14 25.175 31.5 70 256 VGA 360x400 16 40x25 9x16 28.322 31.5 70 256 CGA 640x200 16 (gray) 80x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 2 Text EGA 640x350 16 (gray) 80x25 8x14 25.175 31.5 70 256 VGA 720x400 16 80x25 9x16 28.322 31.5 70 256 CGA 640x200 16 80x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 3 Text EGA 640x350 16 80x25 8x14 25.175 31.5 70 256 VGA 720x400 16 80x25 9x16 28.322 31.5 70 256 4 Graph All 320x200 4 40x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 CGA 320x200 4 (gray) 80x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 5 Graph EGA 320x200 4 (gray) 80x30 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 VGA 320x200 4 80x30 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 6 Graph All 640x200 2 80x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 MDA 720x350 Mono 80x25 9x14 28.322 31.5 70 256 7 Text EGA 720x350 Mono 80x25 9x14 28.322 31.5 70 256 VGA 720x400 Mono 80x25 9x16 28.322 31.5 70 256 D Graph E/VGA 320x200 16 40x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 E Graph E/VGA 640x200 16 80x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 F Graph E/VGA 640x350 Mono 80x25 8x14 25.175 31.5 70 256 10 Graph E/VGA 640x350 16 80x25 8x14 25.175 31.5 70 256 11 Graph VGA 640x480 2 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 256 12 Graph VGA 640x480 16 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 256 13 Graph VGA 320x200 256 40x25 8x8 25.175 31.5 70 256 NOTE: 200, 350 and 400 line modes are converted to 768 lines by the BIOS. 200-line mode (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, D, E, 10, 13) is converted to 400-line mode with double scan.,

B-4 Video Modes

Table B-6 Extended Video Mode Dot Horiz. Vert. Video Mode Memory Pixel Display Font Clock Freq. Freq. Memory Mode Type Org Resolution Color Fonts Size (MHz) (KHz) (Hz) (KB) 30 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 256 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 512 31.5 37.5 75 36 43.3 85 31 Graph* Pack Pix 640x400 256 80x25 8x16 25.175 31.5 70 256 32 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 256 100x37 8x16 40 37.9 60 512 49.5 46.9 75 56.25 53.7 85 34 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 256 128x48 8x16 65 48.4 60 1024 78.75 60 75 94. 68.7 85 38 Graph* Pack Pix 1280x1024 256 160x64 8x16 78.75 47 43(I) 1280 40 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 32K 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 1024 31.5 37.5 75 36 43.3 85 41 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 64K 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 1024 31.5 37.5 75 36 43.3 85 42 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 32K 100x37 8x16 40 37.9 60 512 49.5 46.9 75 56.25 53.7 85 43 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 64K 100x37 8x16 40 37.9 60 512 49.5 46.9 75 56.25 53.7 85 44 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 32K 128x48 8x16 65 48.4 60 1536 78.75 60 75 45 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 64K 128x48 8x16 65 48.4 60 1536 78.75 60 75 50 Graph* Pack Pix 640x480 16M 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 1024 31.5 37.5 75 36 43.3 85 52 Graph* Pack Pix 800x600 16M 100x37 8x16 40 37.9 60 1536 6A Graph Planar 800x600 16 100x37 8x16 40 37.9 60 256 49.5 46.9 75 56.25 53.7 85 64 Graph Planar 1024x768 16 128x48 8x16 65 48.4 60 512 78.75 60 75 68 Graph Planar 1280x1024 16 160x64 8x16 78.75 47 43(I) 768 70 Graph Pack Pix 640x480 256 80x30 8x16 25.175 31.5 60 512 31.5 37.5 75 36 43.3 85 71 Graph Pack Pix 640x400 256 80x25 8x16 25.175 31.5 70 256 72 Graph Pack Pix 800x600 256 100x37 8x16 40 37.9 60 512 49.5 46.9 75 56.25 53.7 85 74 Graph Pack Pix 1024x768 256 128x48 8x16 65 48.4 60 1024 78.75 60 75 78 Graph Pack Pix 1280x1024 256 160x64 8x16 78.75 47 43(I) 768 *Linear Addressing Mode. NOTE: 200-, 350-, and 400-line modes are converted to 768 lines by the BIOS. 200-line mode (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, D, E, 10, 13) is converted to 400-line mode with double scan.,

Video Modes B-5 Table B-7 Panning Video Mode for (1024x768 TFT Color LCD

and Simultaneous CRT Display) Dot Horiz. Vert. Video Mode Memory Pixel Display Font Clock Freq. Freq. Memory Mode Type Org Resolution Color Fonts Size (MHz) (KHz) (Hz) (KB) 38 Graph* Pack Pix 1024x768 256 128x48 8x16 65 48.3 60 1280 (1280x1024) (160x34) 68 Graph Planar 1024x768 16 128x48 8x16 65 48.3 60 768 (1280x1024) (160x34) 78 Graph Pack Pix 1024x768 256 128x48 8x16 65 48.3 60 1280 (1280x1024) (160x34) *Linear Addressing Mode. NOTE: 200-, 350-, and 400-line modes are converted to 768 lines by the BIOS. 200-line mode (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, D, E, 10, 13) is converted to 400-line mode with double scan.

Table B-8 NTSC/PAL TV Display Mode

Mode Display Video Mode Type Fonts Resolution Font Size Colors Memory (KB) 2+,3+ Text 80x25 640x400 8x16 16 256 12 Graph 80x30 640x480 8x16 16 256 13 Graph 40x25 320x200 8x8 256 256 30 Graph* 80x30 640x480 8x16 256 512 31 Graph* 80x25 640x400 8x16 256 256 40 Graph* 80x30 640x480 8x16 32K 1024 41 Graph* 80x30 640x480 8x16 64K 1024 50 Graph* 80x30 640x480 8x16 16M 1024 71 Graph* 80x25 640x400 8x16 256 256 *Linear Addressing Mode.

Table B-9 Panning NTSC/PAL TV Display Mode

Mode Display Font Video Mode Type Fonts Resolution Size Colors Memory (KB) 32 Graph* 100x37 800x600 8x16 256 512 34 Graph* 128x48 1024x768 8x16 256 1024 42 Graph* 100x37 800x600 8x16 32K 1024 43 Graph* 100x37 800x600 8x16 64K 1024 44 Graph* 128x48 1024x768 8x16 32K 1536 45 Graph* 128x48 1024x768 8x16 64K 1536 52 Graph* 100x37 800x600 8x16 16M 1536 6A Graph 100x37 800x600 8x16 16 256 64 Graph 128x48 1024x768 8x16 16 512 72 Graph 100x37 800x600 8x16 256 512 74 Graph 128x48 1024x768 8x16 256 1024 *Linear Addressing Mode. NOTE: Actual display resolution is 640x480 on TV.,

Index

A D AC adapter, 2-4 DC car adapter, 2-11 AC power port, 1-9 Default power management settings, 1-25 Accessing dip switches, 2-17 Dip switch access, 2-17 Accessing setup, 2-25 Dip switches, 2-17 Active mode, 1-24 Disassembly guidelines, 4-4 Automatic power saving features, 1-23 Diskette controller serial interface, 1-21 B parallel interface, 1-21 Backup system disk, 4-2 Diskette drive, 1-7, 1-13 Battery Display, 1-27 determining status, 2-5 handling, 2-6 E leakage, 2-10 Expanding memory, 4-12 recharging precautions, 2-10 Expansion port, 1-12 when to change, 2-6 Battery bay release latch, 1-10 F Battery compartment, 1-10 Fan vents, 1-9 Battery pack, 1-12 Field-replaceable parts list, 4-25 precautions, 2-10 Flash ROM, 1-20 Battery warning, 2-7 Front IR assembly, 1-8 Beep Codes, 2-24 Function keys, 2-14 BIOS update, 1-20, 2-20 BIOS Update switch, 2-15 G Bridge battery, 1-16 Graph board, 4-26, A-1

C H

Cache RAM, 1-16 CD-ROM reader, 1-13 Handling battery packs, 4-3 Chip types, 1-18 Hard disk drive, 1-12, 1-13 Cleaning Hard disk drive bay, 1-8 internal components, 4-2 Hardware failures, 2-22 outer surface, 4-1 Hardware overview, 1-2 CMOS battery, 1-16 Headphones, 1-10 CPU, 1-19

I

CPU Assembly, 4-23 CPU board, 1-13 I/O board, 1-15 Creative Vibra 16S VLSI chip, 1-21 Increasing system memory, 1-16 CRT connector pin assignments, A-4 adding a memory module, 4-12 Custom settings, Infrared port, 2-3 power management, 2-32 Installing DIMMs, 4-12 Interrupt level assignments, 1-22, Index-2 K PC card slots, 1-10 Keyboard, 1-6, 1-28 Performing a BIOS update, 2-20 Keyboard controller, 1-21 Plug and play, 1-25 Keyboard port, 1-11 Post error messages, 2-22 Keyboard/mouse connectors, A-3 Post errors, 2-22 Power button, 1-3 L Power connector pin assignments, A-5 Power LED indicator, 1-4 LCD, 1-2 Power management modes, 1-5 LCD features, 1-2 active, 1-24 Line-In, 1-10 local standby, 1-24 Line-Out, 1-10 suspend, 1-24 Local power management, 1-24 Power management overview, 1-23 Low battery power, 1-12, 2-6 Power management settings M custom settings, 2-32 default, 1-25 Maintaining LCD quality, 4-3 Power management under AC, 2-31 Maintenance, 4-1 Power sources, 2-4 Memory, cache RAM, 1-16 Power switch, 2-12 Memory expansion, 4-12 PowerGauge (PwrGauge) utility, 2-5 Memory map, 1-16 Power-on self test (POST), 2-21 Memory upgrade, 4-12 Product information, 4-30 Microphone, 1-10 Microprocessor, 1-19 Q Mobile Triton chipset, 1-19 Quick troubleshooting, 3-3 Model configurations, 1-1 Monitor port, 1-12 R Mouse port, 1-11 Recharging the battery, 2-6 N Replacing the battery pack, 2-7 ROM BIOS, 1-20 NEC Versa disassembly sequence, 4-4 NEC Versa video modes, B-1 S NTSC signal, 1-9 Save to File benefits, 2-34 O Save to File feature, 2-34 SECAM signal, 1-9 Operating controls, 2-12 Serial interface, 1-18 Optional battery charger, 2-6 Serial port, 1-12 Options catalog, 2-6 Service telephone numbers, 4-29 Ordering information Servicing a hard disk, 4-2 from FastFacts, 4-30 Servicing the system PAL signal, 1-9 required tools, 4-3 Parallel interface enhanced capabilities Setting power management levels port (ECP), 1-18 with F7, 1-23 Parallel port, 1-11 Parallel port pin assignments, A-5 Password Override switch, 2-15, Index-3 Setting system parameters, 2-27 System icons, 2-13 peripherals, 2-33 System Parameters, 2-21 power savings, 2-31 System setup, 2-1 Setup key functions, 2-27 System specifications, 1-26 Setup utility, 2-25 System status icons, 2-13 advanced CMOS setup, 2-31 System time, 2-30 main screen, 2-30 System video, 1-17 other options, 2-33 save to file, 2-34 T Smart power switch, 2-14 Technical support, 4-29 Sound board, 1-14 Troubleshooting, 3-1 Standby mode, 1-24 helpful questions, 3-6 Status bar, 1-4, 2-13 TV Out port, 1-9 Status icons, 1-5 TV signal types, 1-9 Suspend mode, 2-32 Switch settings, 2-15 U System date, 2-30 Unpacking, 2-1 System disassembly Updating the BIOS, 2-16 bridge battery, 4-20, 4-21 Using the battery pack, 2-5 buzzer, 4-20, 4-21 Using the setup utility, 2-25 CMOS battery, 4-20, 4-21 system memory, 2-30 CPU board, 4-23 diskette drive, 4-7 V hard disk drive, 4-5 VersaBay II, 1-7 heat shield, 4-21 VersaGlide, 1-6 I/O board, 4-24 VGA controller, 1-20 LCD and top cover, 4-15 Video modes, B-1–B-5 main battery pack, 4-8 CRT only, 1-17 metal keyboard support, 4-19 Video RAM, 1-17 microphone, 4-23 modem board, 4-19, 4-23 Y sound board, 4-21 status bar, 4-19 Y-cable adapter, 1-11 VersaGlide, 4-19, (For United States Use Only)

FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENT

! WARNING Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

NOTE

This is a Class B Digital Device. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from the one to which the receiver is connected. To meet FCC standards, shielded cables and power cords are required to connect this device to a personal computer or other Class B certified device. Canadian Department of Communications Compliance Statement This equipment does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. Avis de conformité aux normes du ministère des Communications du Canada Cet appareil respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le ministère des Communications du Canada. European Community Directive Conformance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EC Council Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of laws of the Member States relating to electro-magnetic compatibility. This product satisfied the Class B limits of EN 55022. NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Avenue Boxborough, Massachusetts 01719 1-800-632-4525, BATTERY REPLACEMENT A lithium CMOS clock battery in your computer maintains system configuration information. In the event that the battery fails to maintain system configuration information, NEC recommends that you replace the battery. Have an authorized NEC service representative replace the battery. ! WARNING There is a danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions. ! ATTENTION Ilyadanger d’explosion s’ilyareplacement incorrect de la batterie. Remplacer uniquement avec une bat- terie du même type ou d’un type recommandé par le constructeur. Mettre au rébut les batteries usagées conformément aux instructions du fabricant. BATTERY DISPOSAL The bridge battery is made of nickel metal hydride (NiMH). The main battery and CMOS battery are made of lithium-ion (Li-Ion). Contact your local waste management officials for other information regarding the environmentally sound collection, recycling, and disposal of the batteries. For additional information on the proper collection or disposal of rechargeable batteries, please call 1-800-8-BATTERY.]
15

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