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PROPRIETARY NOTICE AND LIABILITY DISCLAIMER T he information disclosed in this document, including all designs and related materials, is the valuable property of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. (NECCSD, PBNEC) and/or its licensors. NECCSD and/or its licensors, as appropriate, reserve all pat- ent, copyright and other proprietary rights to this document, including all design, manufactur- ing, reproduction, use, and sales rights thereto, except to the extent said rights are expressly granted to others. T he NECCSD product(s) discussed in this document are warranted in accor...
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PROPRIETARY NOTICE AND LIABILITY DISCLAIMER T he information disclosed in this document, including all designs and related materials, is the valuable property of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. (NECCSD, PBNEC) and/or its licensors. NECCSD and/or its licensors, as appropriate, reserve all pat- ent, copyright and other proprietary rights to this document, including all design, manufactur- ing, reproduction, use, and sales rights thereto, except to the extent said rights are expressly granted to others. T he NECCSD product(s) discussed in this document are warranted in accordance with the terms of the Warranty Statement accompanying each product. However, actual performance of each such product is dependent upon factors such as system configuration, customer data, and operator control. Since implementation by customers of each product may vary, the suitability of specific product configurations and applications must be determined by the customer and is not warranted by NECCSD. T o allow for design and specification improvements, the information in this document is subject to change at any time, without notice. Reproduction of this document or portions thereof without prior written approval of NECCSD is prohibited. NEC is a registered trademark, Versa is a U.S. registered trademark, VersaGlide, and PortBar are trademarks, and UltraCare is a U.S. registered service mark of NEC Corporation, used under license. FaxFlash is a service mark of NEC Computer Systems Division (NECCSD), Packard Bell NEC, Inc. All other product, brand, or trade names used in this publication are the property of their respective owners. S econd Printing — November 1997 Copyright 1997 NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Avenue Boxborough, MA 01719 All Rights Reserved, ix

Preface

This service and reference manual contains the technical information necessary to set up and maintain the NEC Versa® 2700 Series notebook computer. It also provides hardware and interface information for users who need an overview of the system’s design. The manual is written for NEC-trained customer engineers, system analysts, service center personnel, and dealers. The manual is organized as follows: Section 1 Technical Information, provides an overview of the hardware and interface components. Section 2 General Specifications, lists system specifications including dimensions, weight, environment, safety compliance, and power consumption. Section 3 Hardware Functional Overview, defines major system functions and subsys- tems. Section 4 Troubleshooting and Repair, lists technical support phone numbers, error messages and their meanings, and ways to troubleshoot problems users encounter with the notebook. Section 5 Field Service Guidelines, provides system disassembly procedures, and an exploded-view diagram with corresponding part numbers. Appendix A Video Modes, provides a list of video modes available for use with the notebook. An Index is included for convenience., (For United States Use Only)

FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENT

! WARNING Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

NOTE

This is a Class B Digital Device. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from the one to which the receiver is connected. To meet FCC standards, shielded cables and power cords are required to connect this device to a personal computer or other Class B certified device. Canadian Department of Communications Compliance Statement This equipment does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. Avis de conformité aux normes du ministère des Communications du Canada Cet appareil respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le ministère des Communications du Canada. European Community Directive Conformance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EC Council Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of laws of the Member States relating to electro-magnetic compatibility. This product satisfied the Class B limits of EN 55022. NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Avenue Boxborough, Massachusetts 01719 1-800-632-4525, iii

Contents

Preface... ix Abbreviations... xi Section 1 Technical Information Feature Highlights...1-3 System Configuration...1-5 Quick Tour of the Notebook...1-6 Main Components...1-6 Color LCD Display Panel ...1-6 Power Button/LCD Cover Switch...1-7 Status Panel and Power Indicator ...1-7 Keyboard ...1-8 VersaGlide...1-10 Under the Palm Rest in Front of the Notebook...1-10 Hard Disk Drive...1-10 Memory Module Compartment ...1-11 Right Side of the Notebook...1-11 Non-Removable Floppy Disk Drive...1-11 Battery Compartment...1-11 DC-IN Connector Jack...1-12 Left Side of the Notebook...1-13 PC Card Slot Compartment...1-13 The USB Connector...1-14 The FIR Window ...1-14 The Audio Jacks and Thumbwheel Volume Control ...1-14 The Fax/Modem...1-15 Rear of the Notebook...1-15 External Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse Port ...1-15 VGA Port ...1-16 Printer Port ...1-17 Serial Port (COM1)...1-17 System BIOS Setup Program ...1-18 The Boot Setup Menu...1-19 System Upgrades ...1-28, iv Contents Section 2 General Specifications System Board Specifications ...2-5 DC Converter Board Specifications...2-7 LED Indicator Board Specifications...2-9 I/O Board Specifications ...2-9 LCD Inverter Board Specifications ...2-10 LED Status Indicators...2-11 Diskette Drive Specifications ...2-11 HDD Unit Specifications...2-12 CD-ROM Specifications ...2-12 NIMH Battery Pack Specifications...2-12 DC/DC Converter And Battery Charger Specifications...2-13 Battery Charger Specifications ...2-13 Keyboard Specifications...2-14 AC/DC Adapter Specifications...2-14 LCD/LED Board Specifications ...2-15 BIOS Specifications...2-16 Power Management Features (Mode Definition) ...2-17 Power Management Features (Mode Transition) ...2-19 Hot Key Definition...2-19 Hot Keys Supported By External Keyboard Definition ...2-20 Environmental Specifications ...2-20 Power Source Specifications ...2-20 Vibration Specifications ...2-21 Shock Specifications ...2-21 Electro-Static Discharge (ESD) Specifications ...2-21 Section 3 Hardware Functional Overview Functional Block Diagram...3-2 System BIOS ...3-3 System Processor...3-3 System Logic Controller ...3-4 Memory Subsystem...3-6 DRAM Memory...3-6 ROM Memory ...3-6 I/O Subsystem ...3-6 VIDEO Subsystem...3-9, Contents v External VGA Capability...3-11 Keyboard Subsystem...3-12 PCMCIA Controller And Sockets ...3-12 Hard Disk Subsystem...3-14 Diskette Drive Subsystem ...3-14 Pointing Device Subsystem ...3-14 Power Subsystem...3-14 AC Power Adapter ...3-15 Internal Battery Pack ...3-15 Power Board...3-15 LCD Inverter Board Assembly ...3-15 Section 4 Troubleshooting and Repair Service Information...4-1 Technical Support...4-1 Product Information...4-2 Helpful Starters...4-3 Power-On Self Test (POST) ...4-4 POST Messages...4-4 Beep Codes...4-6 Informational Messages...4-8 Run-time Error Messages...4-9 Quick Troubleshooting ...4-10 Section 5 Field Service Guidelines Preventive Maintenance ...5-1 Cleaning the Notebook’s Exterior ...5-1 Cleaning the Notebook’s Interior ...5-2 Protecting the Disk Drives ...5-2 Handling the Computer Battery Packs...5-2 Maintaining the LCD Quality ...5-3 Required Tools And Equipment ...5-3 Parts Removal And Replacement Procedures ...5-4 Removing/Replacing the Notebook Battery Pack ...5-4 Removing/Replacing the Hard Disk Drive Module ...5-4 Removing/Replacing the CMOS Battery ...5-5 Removing/Replacing the Fax/Modem...5-5, vi Contents Removing/Replacing the Keyboard and LCD Assembly...5-6 Memory Upgrade Procedure ...5-6 HDPREPEZ Utility...5-10 Changing Switch Settings Procedure...5-11 Sealant Replacement Procedure...5-13 System BIOS Upgrade Procedure ...5-14 Removing/Replacing the CPU Module ...5-15 Removing/Replacing the NEC VersaGlide Assembly...5-16 Removing/Replacing the LED Board...5-16 Removing/Replacing the System Board...5-17 Illustrated Parts Breakdown...5-18 Packaging and Documentation ...5-21 Index List of Figures 1-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Notebook ...1-3 1-2 System Configuration Diagram...1-5 1-3 LCD Panel ...1-6 1-4 System Status LED Panel...1-7 1 -5 Device Status LED Panel ...1-7 1 -6 Standard Keyboard Layout...1-8 1-7 VersaGlide...1-10 1 -8 Memory Module Sockets ...1-11 1 -9 Connecting the AC Adapter to the Notebook ...1-12 1-10 Left Side of the Notebook...1-13 1 -11 Inserting a PC Card...1-14 1-12 Rear Side of the Notebook...1-15 1-13 Connecting an External Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse ...1-16 1-14 Connecting an External Monitor...1-17 1 -15 Connecting to the Printer Port...1-17 1 -16 Connecting to the Serial Port ...1-18 1-17 The AMIBIOS Setup Utility Menu...1-19 1-18 The Standard CMOS Setup Menu...1-20 1 -19 The Advanced CMOS Setup Menu ...1-22 1-20 The Power Management Setup Menu...1-24 1-21 The Peripheral Setup Menu...1-26, Contents vii 3-1 Functional Block Diagram...3-2 5-1 Disconnecting the Hard Drive Assembly...5-5 5 -2 Cover screw locations ...5-8 5 -3 Memory module notch locations...5-8 5-4 Memory module sockets ...5-9 5-5 Locating the palm rest screws ...5-11 5 -6 Two dip switch banks...5-11 5-7 One dip switch bank...5-12 5-8 Factory default switch settings (SW50) ...5-12 5-9 Factory default switch settings (SW52) ...5-13 5-10 The LED Board Module Assembly...5-16 5-11 The Electronic Module Assembly ...5-17 5 -12 NEC Versa 2700 Series Illustrated Parts Breakdown...5-20 List of Tables 1 -1 Model Configurations ...1-1 1-2 Feature Highlights...1-3 1 -3 Fn Key Combination Summary...1-9 1-4 Hot Keys Supported by the External Keyboard ...1-9 1-5 Setup Utility Menu...1-20 1-6 Standard CMOS Setup Menu...1-21 1 -7 Advanced CMOS Setup Menu ...1-23 1-8 Power Management Setup Menu...1-24 1-9 Peripheral Setup Menu...1-27 1-10 16-MB Memory Configurations ...1-28 1 -11 32-MB Memory Configurations ...1-28 1-12 64-MB Memory Configurations ...1-28 2-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Specifications ...2-1 2-2 System Board Specifications ...2-5 2-3 DC Converter Board Specifications...2-7 2-4 LED Indicator Board Specifications ...2-9 2-5 I/O Board Specifications ...2-9 2-6 LCD Inverter Board Specifications...2-10 2 -7 Status LED Descriptions ...2-11 2 -8 Diskette Drive Specifications...2-11, viii Contents 2 -9 Hard Disk Drive Specifications...2-12 2-10 CD-ROM Reader Specifications...2-12 2-11 Battery Specifications...2-12 2-12 DC/DC Converter and Battery Charger Specifications...2-13 2-13 Battery Charger Specifications ...2-13 2-14 Keyboard Specifications...2-14 2 -15 AC/DC Adapter Specifications...2-14 2 -16 LCD/LED Board Specifications ...2-15 2-17 BIOS Specifications ...2-16 2-18 Power Management Modes...2-17 2-19 Power Status of Local Devices...2-18 2-20 Mode Definitions ...2-19 2-21 Hot Keys...2-19 2-22 External Hot Keys...2-20 2 -23 Environmental Specifications...2-20 2-24 Power Specifications ...2-20 2-25 Vibration Specifications ...2-21 2-26 Shock Specifications ...2-21 2-27 Electro-Static Discharge Specifications ...2-21 4 -1 NECCSD Service and Information Telephone Numbers ...4-1 4-2 POST Error Messages...4-4 4-3 Beep Codes...4-7 4-4 BIOS Informational Messages...4-8 4-5 Run-time Error Messages...4-9 4 -6 Quick Troubleshooting...4-10 5-1 16-MB Memory Configurations ...5-7 5-2 32-MB Memory Configurations ...5-7 5-3 64-MB Memory Configurations ...5-7 5 -4 NEC Versa 2700 Series Field-Replaceable Parts...5-18 5-5 Packaging and Documentation Part Numbers ...5-21,

Section 1 Technical Information

This section focuses on describing features and operations of the NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook computer, including the BIOS Setup program. (Refer to the user’s guide for more information on operating the notebook.) The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks are light- weight, compact, and fully IBM compatible. The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook comes in the following model configurations. Table 1-1 Model Configurations* Configuration Versa 2730M Versa 2750MT Versa 2770MT Versa 2730MT Versa 2760MT Versa 2780MT C PU Intel™ P55C - V ersa 2750MT Versa 2770MT 133MHz (MMX) Intel P55C - Intel P55C - 150MHz (MMX) 200MHz (MMX) Versa 2760MT Versa 2780MT Intel P55C - Intel P55C - 166MHz (MMX) 233MHz (MMX) L2 Cache 256 KB 2 56 KB 2 56 KB or 512 KB O n-Board N one N one N one Memory S O-DIMM 16 MB 16 MB 16 MB or 32 MB Memory Video Memory None N one N one L CD - Unit V ersa 2730M 12.1” TFT SVGA 1 2.1” TFT SVGA 12.1” DSTN SVGA NL80060BC31-02 / NL80060BC31-02 / EDMGR68KCF / NEC NEC Panasonic Versa 2730MT 12.1” TFT SVGA NL80060BC31-02 /

NEC

H ard Disk Drive 1.44 GB 2.10 GB 2 .10 GB MK1403MAV/ Toshiba DK225A-21/Hitachi DK225A-21/Hitachi D iskette Drive 3.5” (3 mode) 3.5” (3 mode) 3.5” (3 mode) FD1238T-002 / FD1238T-002 / FD1238T-002 / NEC NEC NEC, 1-2 Technical Information Table 1-1 Model Configurations* (cont'd) Configuration Versa 2730M Versa 2750MT Versa 2770MT Versa 2730MT Versa 2760MT Versa 2780MT CD-ROM 1 6X 16X 20X CD-316E / TEAC CD-316E / TEAC CD-220E / TEAC K eyboard Unit85Keys 85 Keys 85 Keys (Windows® 95) (Windows 95) US, (Windows 95) US, US, UK, GR, FR/ UK, GR, FR/ ALPS UK, GR, FR/ ALPS

ALPS

P ointing Device Touchpad T ouchpad Touchpad KGDDDH/ALPS KGDDDH/ALPS KGDDDH/ALPS P CMCIA2xType II/ 2 x Type II/ 2 x Type II/ 1 x Type III1xType III1xType III EEP / ECP Y es Y es Y es Parallel Port Serial Port Y es Y es Y es VGA Port Yes Y es Y es PS/2 Port Y es Y es Y es D C-In Jack Y es Y es Y es F ax/Modem 56 K, SW DSVD/ 5 6 K, SW DSVD/ 5 6 K, SW DSVD/ (USA, JP, and Venus Venus Venus Aus. Only) Audio Port Y es Y es Y es F IR Port Yes Y es Y es U SB Port Y es Y es Y es Expansion Port Yes Y es Y es Battery Pack N iMH (3300 mAh) Li-Ion (2600 mAh) Li-Ion (2600 mAh) 8HR-4/3AU-YZN/ 4UR18650-2-YZN/ 4UR18650-2-YZN/ Sanyo Sanyo Sanyo AC Adapter45W45W45WADP52 / ADP52 / A DP52 / Astec or Liteon Astec or Liteon A stec or Liteon Power Cord US/UK/Aus/Ger/JP U S/UK/Aus/Ger/JP U S/UK/Aus/Ger/JP *NEC also ships a 150 MMX DSTN model outside of the U.S., Technical Information 1-3 Figure 1-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Notebook FEATURE HIGHLIGHTS The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook includes a variety of innovative features designed to meet the most demanding computing requirements. Table 1-2 Feature Highlights Features D escription CPU Intel P55C-133/150/166/200/233 MHz MMX processor with internal 32 KB cache memory and math coprocessor S O-DIMM16MB, 32-MB, or 64-MB of SO-DIMM RAM, can be upgraded to 128 Memory MB C ache RAM 256 KB/512 KB (Versa 2770MT/Versa 2780MT), L2 cache Display 12.1” DSTN or 12.1” TFT VGA Color LCD at 800 x 600 pixels resolution with 64K colors VGA Chip 2 MB DRAM, 24-bit true-color RAMDAC, Graphics/Video Accelerator, Dual clock synthesizer, ZV (Zoomed Video) port, Z- Buffer Data Stripping, PCI Bus Mastering, and a high-speed glueless 32-bit compliance interface HDD R emovable 2.5-inch IDE high-capacity hard drive (12.7 mm height) FDD B uilt-in 3.5-inch,1.44 MB diskette drive Keyboard Built-in 85-key keyboard with 12 programmable function keys, embedded numeric keypad and special function control keys, dedicated screen control keys, and inverted “T” cursor keys/IBM enhanced 85-key compatible keyboard, 1-4 Technical Information Table 1-2 Feature Highlights (cont'd) F eatures D escription Pointing Device V ersaGlide Touchpad PC Card Slots Two slots that support two Type II PC cards at the same time, or one Type III I /O Ports1xSerial Port (w/ FIFO)/1 x Printer Port (ECP/EPP)/1 x VGA Port/ 1 x PS/2 keyboard & mouse port/1 x Modem Port/1 x Expansion Port/1 x Infrared Port Audio System Headphones, Line-In, Microphone, and manual volume control/ built-in stereo speakers and woofer P ower System Auto-switching AC Adapter (100V - 240V) / Rechargeable NiMH or Li-Ion Battery pack / Advanced power management capabilities,

Technical Information 1-5 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION The following diagram shows the NEC Versa 2700 Series system configuration.

Pentium P54C, P55C, or Tillamook Support (TCP)

CPU

Cache RAM L2: 256KB or Color LCD 512KB (800x600) (Versa 2770MT/ DSTN and TFT Versa 2780MT) PCI Bus BIOS External VGAController Flash ROM Monitor(VGA) Bank 2 (Slot 2) 16/32/64MG NEC VersaGlide PS/2 Keyboard So-DIMM and Bank 1 (Slot 1) 16/32/64 MB Keyboard PS/2 Mouse soDIMM Fax/Modem Serial Interface RS-232C (RS-232) Peripheral Audio Parallel Printer Interface CD ROM PCMCIA Card Slotx2PCMCIA Card Removable HDD Battery Pack 3.5" FDD FIR/IR

Figure 1-2 System Configuration Diagram

, 1-6 Technical Information QUICK TOUR OF THE NOTEBOOK Take a moment to become familiar with the locations and functions of all controls. It is rec- ommended that you first go through the notebook’s user guide for more information on how to operate all of the features. Main Components This section describes the main features of the NEC Versa 2700 Series computer. Color LCD Display Panel The notebook has either a built-in 12.1-inch passive-matrix dual scan DSTN or a 12.1-inch active-matrix TFT color liquid crystal display (LCD) which you can adjust and tilt to your desired viewing position. The LCD provides 800x600 pixel resolution with a maximum of 256 K colors, and supports simultaneous display with an external VGA monitor. The sys- tem also supports view panning when the resolution of the CRT is greater than 800 x 600. The LCD screen also uses Cold Cathode Fluorescent Tube (CCFT) backlighting which con- sumes most of the power from the notebook. To save battery power, the system has an ad- vanced power management feature that powers down the LCD when it has not been used for a predetermined amount of time. You can adjust the brightness and contrast level of the LCD by using the slide bars under the LCD panel on the front of the system. Contrast Control Power and Suspend Brightness Status LEDs Control Figure 1-3 LCD Panel, Technical Information 1-7 Power Button/LCD Cover Switch The power button, when pressed, turns on the notebook’s power. Press it again to turn computer power off. Whenever the notebook is in “save-to-file” suspend mode, the power button serves as a manual resume switch, allowing you to continue your application work where you left off. NOTE: Always wait for a few seconds between turning off and turning on the power. The LCD cover switch is connected to the right hinge of the LCD Assembly. This switch automatically depresses and releases when you lower or raise the LCD display panel. De- pending on your power management settings, this switch either converts the notebook to the Suspend mode or shuts off the LCD when you close the cover. Status Panel and Power Indicator Directly below the LCD display, in the center, is the System Status LED panel. These LED’s provide an easy way to determine the current power mode of the unit. Below these two LED’s, on the system unit display, is a row of five (5) more. These LED’s light to indi- cate whether a device is being accessed, an operation is being done, or if a certain mode is or has been activated. Battery Suspend Power Charging Mode LED LED LED Figure 1-4 System Status LED Panel Hard Drive Num Access Lock Diskette Drive Caps Scroll Lock Access Lock Figure 1-5 Device Status LED Panel, 1-8 Technical Information Keyboard The notebook has a built-in 85-key keyboard that provides complete emulation of a full- sized IBM AT-enhanced keyboard with function keys and screen/cursor control keys. Figure 1-6 Standard Keyboard Layout The notebook’s keyboard also includes an embedded numeric keypad, and some special function keys that are activated by pressing the Fn key together with another key. These special function keys (more popularly known as “hot keys”) allow you to control and adjust some of the notebook’s functions like; display controls, speaker volume, and power man- agement features. The embedded numeric keypad is activated by pressing the Num Lock key. Once the Num Lock key is pressed, the upper blue symbols become active. NOTE: Activating the Num Lock key in turn dis- ables the alphanumeric keys where the embedded keys are located. Press the Num Lock key again to disable the embedded keys and resume normal key- board operation., Technical Information 1-9 T able 1-3 Fn Key Combination Summary Key Combination F unction Fn key + F2 key This key combination toggles the highlight of DOS text. F n key + F3 key This key combination toggles between video display output to the LCD display, to an external CRT monitor, to a simultaneous display of LCD and CRT. Fn key + F4 key T his key combination puts the system in Standby mode. Fn key + F5 key T his key combination toggles the LCD display backlighting (CCFT) between standard and full. Fn key + F6 key T his key combination sets the system speakers to Low, Medium, or High volume. Fn key + F7 key This key combination selects the desired P/M level. Fn key + F12 key This key combination enables the Scroll Lock function. F n key + Left Ctrl This key combination simulates the right Ctrl key functions. key Fn key + Suspend T his key combination enables Save-to-Disk on demand. Button P ower Switch + This key combination forces the power off. Suspend Button Table 1-4 Hot Keys Supported by the External Keyboard External Keyboard Combination Function C trl key + Alt key + F2 T his key combination toggles the highlight of DOS text. key Ctrl key + Alt key + F3 This key combination toggles between video display output to key the LCD display, to an external CRT monitor, or to a simultaneous display of LCD and CRT. Ctrl key + Alt key + F5 This key combination toggles the LCD display backlighting key (CCFT) between standard or full. C trl key + Alt key + F6 T his key combination sets the system speakers to Low, key Medium, or High volume. C trl key + Alt key + F7 T his key combination selects the desired power management key level., 1-10 Technical Information The notebook’s keyboard also features an embedded editing keypad, which offers an op- tional method for editing and moving within documents. The embedded editing keys are color coded in blue and embedded on the front side of the embedded numeric keypads. To use these editing keys, first press the Num Lock key and then combine the Shift key and the desired function key to enable these editing keys. When the embedded editing keys are op- erational, the Num Lock LED will be activated. To return to normal keyboard operation, press the Num Lock key again. NOTE: When the Num Lock LED glows the em- bedded numeric key pads are activated. VersaGlide In front of the keyboard panel, in the center of the palm rest typing surface, is the Versa- Glide pointing device. The buttons below the touchpad are configured (by default) as the left and right button, respectively. The left button is configured as the left mouse button. The right button is configured as the right mouse button. Moving the pointer on the screen is done by moving your finger over the surface and directing the pointer where you want it to go. The touchpad also supports single and double tap capabilities that mimic the left button. Figure 1-7 VersaGlide Under the Palm Rest in Front of the Notebook This section describes the features on the front side of the NEC Versa 2700 Series com- puter. Hard Disk Drive The notebook’s internal hard drive is under the palm rest on the right side. The NEC Versa 2700 Series provides an industry standard 2.5-inch, 1.4-GB or 2.1-GB IDE hard disk drive, upgradeable to 3 GB or 4GB. The system BIOS also includes Auto IDE detection and LBA mode for easy installation as well as later upgrades for higher capacity disk drives., Technical Information 1-11 Memory Module Compartment The memory compartment is located under the palm rest. Inside the compartment are two memory module sockets (Bank 1 and Bank 2) that can accommodate 16-/32-/64-MB SO- DIMM modules. Bank 1 accepts 1.75-inch modules as well as 1-inch modules; Bank 2 only accepts standard 1-inch modules. Figure 1-8 Memory Module Sockets Right Side of the Notebook This section describes the features on the right side of the NEC Versa 2700 computer. Non-Removable Floppy Disk Drive The disk drive, which supports 3.5-inch 1.44-MB high-density (HD) diskettes or 720 KB double-sided (DS) diskettes is on the right-front side of the notebook. Insert the diskette with the metal shutter towards the drive and the diskette label facing up. To remove the diskette, press the Eject button found on the upper right of the diskette drive. Battery Compartment The battery compartment is on the right side bottom rear of the notebook. It houses the re- chargeable NiMH battery pack or Li-Ion battery pack. The battery pack begins charging whenever you connect the AC adapter to the notebook. It is very important to always have the battery installed on the notebook and to have it always charged. Leaving the battery pack out of the unit for a long period of time completely drains the battery cells., 1-12 Technical Information N OTE: The NEC Versa 2700 Series models use Type A battery packs with 3300mAh (NiMH) or 2600mAh (Li-Ion). DC-IN Connector Jack The NEC Versa 2700 series provides an universal auto-switching AC adapter which con- nects the AC power cord into the power outlet. It is important to have the AC adapter con- nected to the notebook to recharge the battery and keep the notebook working continuously. NOTE: Use only the AC adapter that comes with the NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook. Figure 1-9 Connecting the AC Adapter to the Notebook, Technical Information 1-13 Left Side of the Notebook The following details the left side of the NEC Versa 2700 Series computer. Figure 1-10 Left Side of the Notebook PC Card Slot Compartment The compartment houses two card slots that support two Type II devices, or one Type III device. Open the compartment door to view the PC card slots. Insert Type III cards into the lower slot. Insert the card with the pin sockets facing towards the drive and the label facing up. Once the card is inserted, pivot the eject button (which pops out) to the side. To re- move the PC card, pivot the eject button out, then push on the Eject button to release the pin connections. Slowly pull out the card. The NEC Versa 2700 Series also comes with DOS/Windows PC card drivers for supporting various PC cards like modem cards, network cards, and other I/O and memory cards. The upper PC card slot is referred to as “Slot 0” while the bottom slot is referred to as “Slot 1.” Slot 0 always takes precedence over Slot 1 in drive designations., 1-14 Technical Information Figure 1-11 Inserting a PC Card The USB Connector The USB is a cable bus that supports data exchange between a host computer and a wide range of simultaneously accessible peripherals. The attached peripherals share USB band- width through a host scheduled token based protocol. The bus allows peripherals to be at- tached, configured, used, and detached while the host and other peripherals are in operation. This is referred to as dynamic (or hot) attachment and removal. The FIR Window This window allows wireless communication with any IrDA compliant device (such as an- other IrDA computer or printer) without the use of a cord or cable. This port transmits up to4Mbits per second. The Audio Jacks and Thumbwheel Volume Control Microphone Jack — Connects to an external microphone. Line-In Jack — Connects to a line-in device such as a synthesizer, stereo Walkman, or an audio CD player. Headphones — Connects to headphones or amplified speakers., Technical Information 1-15 Thumbwheel Volume Control — Allows the user to precisely adjust the sound volume. The Fax/Modem All models of the system feature a built-in (56Kbps capable, K56 felx compliant) fax/modem freeing the PC card slots for other uses. Rear of the Notebook The following details the rear side of the NEC Versa 2700 Series computer. Figure 1-12 Rear Side of the Notebook External Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse Port The external keyboard and PS/2 mouse port allows you to connect an external full-sized IBM AT-enhanced keyboard or a PS/2 mouse. When an external keyboard is connected, both the built-in keyboard of the notebook and the external keyboard can be used simulta- neously. The NEC Versa 2700 Series also accepts an optional Y-connector adapter allowing simul- taneous use of an external AT-enhanced keyboard and a PS/2 mouse. When using DOS or Windows for Workgroups, if an external serial mouse is installed, the VersaGlide is not supported., 1-16 Technical Information Figure 1-13 Connecting an External Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse VGA Port The 15-pin female VGA connector allows you to connect an external VGA monitor that supports up to 1024x768 pixels resolution. When displaying on an external VGA monitor alone, the VGA port supports resolutions up to 1024x768 at 64K colors. The NEC Versa 2700 Series provides a VGA VESA driver file set for installing different display resolution drivers for Windows Setup. These are on the Product Recovery CD You can also toggle the display between the LCD and the external monitor by pressing Fn F10 key combination. NOTE: When set to 1024x768 resolution, the exter- nal monitor only shows 800x600 resolution, if the computer is running with Simultaneous display, but the screen image size is reduced. This enables the image to be panned around the screen if wanted. Toggle the display to the external monitor only in or- der to display a full screen image. Refer to Appendix A for a list of supported video modes., Technical Information 1-17 Figure 1-14 Connecting an External Monitor Printer Port The 25-pin printer port provides a parallel interface to connect a parallel printer or pocket network adapter. Many operating systems and software applications refer to this port as LPT1. Figure 1-15 Connecting to the Printer Port Serial Port (COM1) The 9-pin serial port provides a serial interface for a RS-232C device such as external serial modem. This port is commonly referred to as COM1., 1-18 Technical Information Figure 1-16 Connecting to the Serial Port NOTE: First power off the system before connect- ing an external parallel or serial device. After turning on the power again, run the BIOS Setup program if needed. SYSTEM BIOS SETUP PROGRAM This section provides the features and operation of the AMIBIOS Setup program used in the NEC Versa 2700 Series. The BIOS (Basic Input-Output System) Setup program lets you change the system configuration settings such as the current date and time, port set- tings, and power management. The screens and tables show the basic type of information but may not depict the latest avi- alable BIOS settings. As POST (Power-On Self Test) executes during boot up process, the screen displays the following message: Press F2 to Enter SETUP Press F2 to run the BIOS Setup program. The BIOS Setup program is organized into five (5) pages of menus. Select the menu you want to change, then press Enter. To move from one option to another, you use the ↑ and ↓ keys while using PgUp and PgDn to modify the settings. To return to the initial menu, press Esc. To exit the BIOS Setup program, move the cursor down (on the Setup Utility page) to either Save Settings and Exit or Exit Without Saving and press Enter., Technical Information 1-19 THE BOOT SETUP MENU The AMIBIOS Setup Utility menu allows you to select one of the following menus: Stan- dard CMOS Setup, Advanced CMOS Setup, Power Management Setup, or Peripheral Setup. You can also load Default Configurations as well as select to use (or change) the Supervisor and/or User Password from this menu. Figure 1-17 The AMIBIOS Setup Utility Menu, 1-20 Technical Information Table 1-5 Setup Utility Menu I tem F unction Standard CMOS P ressing Enter directs you to the Standard CMOS Setup Setup menu. Advanced CMOS Pressing Enter directs you to the Advanced CMOS Setup Setup menu. Power Management Pressing Enter directs you to the Power Management Setup Setup menu. P eripheral Setup P ressing Enter directs you to the Peripheral Setup menu. Change Supervisor T his option allows you to set the Supervisor Password. Password Auto Configuration This option allows you to set the system defaults. with Defaults Save Settings and This option exits CMOS Utility setup and saves all changes. Exit E xit Without Saving T his option exits CMOS Utility setup without saving any of your changes. Figure 1-18 shows the standard CMOS setup window. Figure 1-18 The Standard CMOS Setup Menu, Technical Information 1-21 Table 1-6 Standard CMOS Setup Menu Item F unction System Date This option changes the system date, using the format: month/day/year. You can change the system date here or from your operating system’s command prompt. System Time This option changes the system time, using the format: Hour/Minute/Second. You can change the system time here or from your operating system’s command prompt. D iskette Drive A: This option specifies the type of diskette drive mounted inside the notebook. The default setting for this option is Reserved. Pri Master This option specifies the type of primary hard drive mounted inside the notebook. Always select the Auto option to instruct the BIOS to automatically detect the relevant parameters of the hard drive. Some hard drives, however do not respond correctly to the values detected. In such cases, you must select User Defined and manually enter the manufacturer’s recommended drive parameters. The default setting for this option is Auto. Sec Master T his option automatically detects the type of secondary hard disk drive mounted inside the notebook, if you are using one. 32 Bit Mode This option should be On only if supported by the controller. The default for this option is Off., 1-22 Technical Information Figure 1-19 shows an example advanced CMOS setup window. Figure 1-19 The Advanced CMOS Setup Menu, Technical Information 1-23 Table 1-7 Advanced CMOS Setup Menu I tem F unction Plug and Play Aware Selects the AMIBIOS boot configuration. “Yes” indicates the O/S system boots to a Plug and Play aware operating system, such as Windows 95. “Auto” indicates the system automatically detects that there is a Plug and Play aware operating system. The default for this setting is “No.” Bootup Sequence Allows you to configure the notebook to which drive it will first try to look for the operating system. The available options are “C:, A:” or “A:, C:.” “C:, A:” means that the system first looks at the hard drive and then look at the diskette drive. “A:, C:” means that the system first looks at the diskette drive and then look at the hard drive. The default for the system is “A:, C:.” Initial Display Mode Selects the start-up logo dislplay. Selecting “BIOS” displays the Windows 95 Logo while selecting “Silent” displays the NEC Logo. The default is “Silent.” Bootup Num-Lock Specifies whether NumLock is “On” or “Off” at system startup. The default is “Off.” LCD Panel View Selects the panel view mode. “Off” reduces the panel view in Expansion some video modes. “On” expands the panel view, but it may adversely affect the graphic/text quality. The default is “Off.” Password Check Specifies a password check level. Selecting “Setup” requires a password for entering this utility. Selecting “Always” re- quires a password for entering this utility, booting the system, and resuming from Suspend. When “Always” is set, press- ing Ctrl+Alt+Backspace locks up the keyboard until the password is entered. The Caps Lock and Scroll Lock LED’s flash in sequence, while waiting for the user to enter a pass- word., 1-24 Technical Information Figure 1-20 shows an example power management setup window. Figure 1-20 The Power Management Setup Menu Table 1-8 Power Management Setup Menu Item F unction P ower Management S electing “Off” disables all BIOS Power Management time- Under AC outs when AC power is connected, but the function keys still work for immediate power savings. Selecting “On” keeps the current power management level regardless of whether AC is connected or not. Default for this option is “Off.” P ower Savings Level T his option allows you to select the proper power saving mode. “OFF” disables all BIOS Power Management time-outs and allows you to set your own customized settings. “High Perform” provides improved system performance “Longest life” provides the best battery life. The default for this option is “Longest Life.”, Technical Information 1-25 Table 1-8 Power Management Setup Menu (cont’d) Item F unction Suspend Option Selecting “Suspend” allows a fast resume time and is a Power Management mode. To resume, press the Suspend/Resume button. Selecting “STF” (Save to File) saves the system state to the system disk and powers off the notebook. “STF” mode is a Power Management mode. To resume, press the Power button. The default for this option is “Suspend.” Auto Save To File If this feature is “Enabled,” the system automatically enters Save To File (STF) mode after thirty (30) minutes of being in the Suspend mode. Panel Backlight Selects the LCD screen backlight intensity. “Auto” automatically switches the backlight from “Full’ to “Standard” after 15 seconds of keyboard and PS/2 mouse inactivity. “Full” gives the highest level of backlight intensity. “Standard” helps save battery life. The default for this option is “Full.” Suspend Warning Specifies whether the system warning tone sounds when Sus- Tone pend mode starts. Select “On” to enable Suspend warning tone. Default for this option is “On.” Modem Ring Resume Chooses whether the system automatically resumes when the modem receives a transmission. The default for this option is “On.” Wake Up Alarm Lets you set a resume time from Suspend mode. The default for this option is “Off”. If you select ‘On’ you must designate a “Resume Alarm Time.”, 1-26 Technical Information Figure 1-21 shows an example peripheral setup menu window. Figure 1-21 The Peripheral Setup Menu, Technical Information 1-27 Table 1-9 Peripheral Setup Menu Item Function Serial Port Selecting “Auto” lets AMIBIOS automatically assign a conflict free resource to this device. Selecting “Disabled” frees the resources for other devices and prevents a PnP operating system from using this device. The “PnP OS Setup” option appears if the device was configured by a PnP operating system, such as Windows 95. The default for this option is “Auto.” Parallel Port Selecting “Auto” lets AMIBIOS automatically assign a con- flict free resource to this device. Selecting “Disabled” frees the resources for other devices and prevents a PnP operating systems from using this device. The “PnP OS Setup” option appears if the device was configured by a PnP operating system, such as Windows 95. The default for this option is “Auto.” Parallel Mode ECP provides the best performance and is recommended. Certain devices may only work properly with a specific Paral- lel mode. Please refer to that device’s documentation. The default for this option is “ECP.” IR Serial Port Selecting “Auto” lets AMIBIOS automatically assign a con- flict free resource to this device. Selecting “Disabled” frees the resources for other devices and prevents a PnP operating system from using this device. The “PnP OS Setup” option appears if the device was configured by a PnP operating system, such as Windows 95. The default for this option is “Disabled.” Sound Selecting “Auto” lets AMIBIOS automatically assign a con- flict free resource to this device. Selecting “Disabled” frees the resources for other devices and prevents a PnP OS from using this device. The “PnP OS Setup” option appears if the device was configured by a PnP operating system, such as Windows 95. The default for this option is “Auto.” PortBar Joystick This option allows you to “Enable” or “Disable” the PortBar joystick., 1-28 Technical Information SYSTEM UPGRADES The NEC Versa notebook is easily upgradable to a higher capacity hard drive. In addition, you can add an optional second memory module to increase the system memory up to 128 MB. This section provides the settings needed as well as illustrations for upgrading the system. For NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks, the following memory configurations are applicable: Table 1-10 16-MB Memory Configurations Upper Socket L ower Socket T otal Memory 16 MB empty 16 MB 16 MB 16 MB 32 MB16MB 32 MB 48 MB 16 MB 64 MB 80 MB Table 1-11 32-MB Memory Configurations Upper Socket L ower Socket T otal Memory32MB empty 32 MB32MB 16 MB 48 MB 32 MB 32 MB 64 MB32MB 64 MB 96 MB T able 1-12 64-MB Memory Configurations U pper Socket L ower Socket T otal Memory 64 MB empty 64 MB64MB 16 MB 80 MB 64 MB 32 MB 96 MB 64 MB 64 MB 128 MB,

Section 2 General Specifications

The following table lists NEC Versa 2700 Series system specifications. Table 2-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Specifications I tem S pecification CPU P entium P55C-133/150/166/P55CLM-200/233 MHz with MMX TCP Package O n-Board Memory 16 MB S O-DIMM Module Two Slots Slot 16 MB in first slot Upgradeable to 128 MB 256 KB L2 Cache S ystem Management 2M (256K x 8) Flash BIOS: Includes System and VGA Shadow BIOS Capability Power Management O perational Modes: Full On Mode Standby Mode Suspend to DRAM (STR) Suspend to File (STF) Peripheral Automatic Power Down Cover Switch Support Suspend/Resume Button Hard Disk Drive R emovable HDD Module 2.5-inch format/12.7mm high Enhanced IDE Interface Support IDE PIO mode up to MODE 4 Support IDE MASTER MODE 1.4 GB/Higher Capacity Upgrade CD-ROM Reader Built-in CD-ROM Reader 13.7mm High 16X speed (maximum, variable speed support Versa 2730M, Versa 2730MT, Versa 2750MT, Versa 2760MT) 20X speed (maximum, variable speed support Versa 2770MT, Versa 2780MT) Both readers have an IDE Interface Diskette Drive N on-Removable Diskette Drive 720 KB/1.2 MB/1.44 MB Mode Support (3 mode), 2-2 General Specifications Table 2-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Specifications (cont’d) Item S pecification Display 1 2.1” TFT Color LCD Module or 12.1” DSTN Color LCD Module: 800 x 600 in 64K colors External CRT Capability: 640 x 480 in 16M colors 800 x 600 in 16M colors 1024 x 768 in 64K colors LCD/CRT Display Simultaneously 32-bit PCI Bus LCD/CRT Auto-Sense V ideo RAM 2 MB embedded in VGA Controller P CMCIA Slots Two Type II slots or one Type III slot PCMCIA Socket compatible with CARD BUS standard ZV Support Pointing Device A LPS Glide Pad PS/2 Interface K eyboard K eyboard Layout: US Layout - 87 Keys European Layout - 88 Keys Support Extra Windows 95 Hot Keys Inverted T Compatible Direction Key Overlapped/Embedded Function and Numeric Keypad Internal and External Keyboard Simultaneous Function Hot Key Fn + F2 = Text Highlight Operation Fn + F3 = LCD > CRT > LCD/CRT Simul. Fn + F5 = LCD Backlight On/Off Fn + F6 = PC Speaker L/M/H/Mute Fn + F7 = PMU Level Fn + F12 = Scroll Lock Fn + Left Ctrl = Simulate the right Ctrl key Fn + Suspend = Save-to-Disk on Demand Power Switch + Suspend = Force Power Off I/O Port 2 5-pin Parallel Port (W / EPP, ECP) (LPT1) 9-pin Serial Port (W / FIFO) (COM1) 15-pin VGA Monitor Port NEC Y-Cable Support (Keyboard & Mouse) DC-IN Jack F IR Port (COM2 Port) PortBar Expansion Port USB Port - 1, General Specifications 2-3 Table 2-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Specifications (cont’d) Item S pecification PortBar S upports: Game port External Keyboard External PS/2 Mouse Serial Port (COM1) Printer Port (LPT1) DC-In Jack USB Ports (2) Kensington Lock Audio S upports external Stereo Headphone Jack Supports external Stereo Line-In Jack Supports external microphone Jack Built-in Stereo speakers and Woofer Built-in microphone S tatus Indicators LED Displays Power Status LED Charge LED Suspend LED HDD LED FDD LED Num Lock - Enable Caps Lock - Enable Scroll Lock - Enable P ower SupplyACAdapter AC 100V to 240V, 47/63Hz, 45W (Max) Dimensions: 4.1 in. (106mm) (L) x 2.3 in. (60mm) (W) x 1 in. (25.4mm) (H) Battery Input 8 cells long A-size 3300mA/hr Ni-MH Battery, 9.6V (Total - 31.68W) 8 cells 18650-size 2600mA/hr Li-Ion Battery, 14.4V (Total - 37.44W) Heat Dissipation Heat Pipe + Fan Dimension 1 2.0 in. (306mm) (L) x 9.6 in. (241mm) (W) x 1.9 in. 49mm (H) Optional Items Port Replicator (PortBar), 2-4 General Specifications Table 2-1 NEC Versa 2700 Series Specifications (cont’d) Item S pecification Key Components CPU: MMX 133 MHz, TCP Package (Intel) MMX 150 MHz, TCP Package (Intel) MMX 166 MHz, TCP Package (Intel) MMX 200 MHz, TCP Package (Intel) MMX 233 MHz, TCP Package (Intel) LCD: 12.1” Color TFT SVGA - (NEC, NL8060BC31 - 02) 12.1” Color DSTN SVGA - (Panasonic, EDMGR68KDF) CD-ROM: CD-316E (13.7mm) - (TEAC) CD-220E (13.7mm) - (TEAC) Hard Disk Drive: 1.4 GB MK1401MAV (12.7MM) - (Toshiba) 2.1 GB DK225A 21 (12.7mm) - (Hitachi) Diskette Drive: FD1238T - (NEC) Keyboard: KFREBA004A ALPS Glide Pad: KGDDDH Alps Battery: 3300mA/hr / 9.6V NiMH - (Sanyo) 2600mA/hr / 14.4V Li-Ion - (Sanyo) Core Logic: (Intel, MT2) Super I / O: (NS, PC87338VJG) VGA Chip: (Neo Magic, NM2160) Keyboard Controller: (Mitsubishi, M38813M4) PCMCIA Controller: (TI, PCI1131) FIR Chip: (HP, HSDL1100-07) Audio Chip: (Yamaha, 715B) Audio Amplifier: (TI, TPA0102) Clock Generator: (IMI, IMICS671) Micro Controller: (Micro Chip, PIC16C62A + PMU-03) Flash ROM: (ATMEL, AT29C020) RS232 Driver: (Maxium, MAX3243) Regulator: (NS, LP2952) PCMCIA Power Switch: (TI, TPS2206) MOSFET: (NS, 9410) MOSFET: (NS, 9947), General Specifications 2-5 SYSTEM BOARD SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists system board specifications. Table 2-2 System Board Specifications Item S pecification Clock Crystal 8 MHz SMD Typex1Crystal 14.318 MHz SMD Typex1Crystal 32.768 MHz SMD Typex1Crystal 4 MHz SMD Typex1Crystal 4.19 MHz SMD Typex1Clock Generator (ICWORKS 48569-02, 48 pin) Buffer included in Clock Generator ROM F lash ROM for BIOS 256Kx8, 120 ns 32-pin PLCC Package System Chipset 430 TX (Intel) 320-pin BGA (MTXC) 320-pin BGA (P11X4) S uper I/O 1 00-pin TQFP (NS87338) Keyboard Controller 6 4-pin QFP (Mitsubishi 38813-M4) Micro Controller 28-pin SOIC (PIC16C62A) RTC Battery 6 0mA, 3.0V NiMH Battery (VARTA) Audio 100-pin TQFP (Yamaha YMF715B-S) Amplifier ( TI TPA0102) D RAM 1 44-pin 2 Slot DIMMx2VGA 2 MB Video DRAM (NeoMagic 2160) P CMCIA ( TI 1131) (TI TPS2206) L2 Cache32Kx32 SRAM TQFP (3.3V/6ns) x 2 TAG RAM SOP 32Kx8NEC Micro Controller 80 PIN Charge Controller Battery Gas Gauge Controller (NEC D75517G-416) HP IR Module 4 MB Transfer, 2-6 General Specifications Table 2-2 System Board Specifications (cont'd) I tem S pecification Internal ConnectorsToLCD Panel: CN52, 40 pin (HRS) To LED Board: CN51, 10 pin (Molex) To LCD- LED Board: CN53, 11 pin (Molex) To HDD: CN60, 50 pin (Molex) To CD-ROM: CN57, 50 pin (Molex) To RTC Battery: CN65, 2 pin (Molex) To I/O Board: CN70, 120 pin (AMP) To LCD Panel: CN52, 40 pin (HRS) To LED Board: CN51, 10 pin (Molex) To LCD- LED Board: CN53, 11 pin (Molex) To HDD: CN60, 50 pin (Molex) To CD-ROM: CN57, 50 pin (Molex) To RTC Battery: CN65, 2 pin (Molex) To I/O Board: CN70, 120 pin (AMP) To PCMCIA Socket: CN71, 156 pin (HRS) To FAX/MODEM Board: CN66, 80 pin (Molex) To CPU Board: CN54, 240 pin (HRS) To Glide Pad: CN55, 6 pin (ELCO) To Internal Keyboard: CN56, 21 pin (ELCO) To Woofer: CN64, 2 pin (Molex) To Internal Microphone: CN62, 2 pin (Molex) To Internal Speaker: CN59, 4 pin (Molex) To MODEM Jack: CN58, 2 pin (Molex) To FDD: CN63, 26 pin (ELCO) External Connector To CRT: CN68, 15 pin (Suyin) To USB: CN72, 4 pin (Berg) To PortBar: CN69, 80 pin ((Berg) To Headphone Jack: CN78, 5 pin (Hosiden) To Line-In Jack: CN75, 5 pin (Hosiden) To External Microphone Jack: CN77, 5 pin (Hosiden) To Fax/Modem Jack: CN73, 6 pin (Molex), General Specifications 2-7

DC CONVERTER BOARD SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists the DC converter board specifications.

Table 2-3 DC Converter Board Specifications I tem Specification Structure P UD76: DC/DC Buck Converter 5V/3.3V FM-04: DC/DC Boost Converter CC04: Constant Current Circuit LTC1435: DC/DC Buck Converter Vcore & Vio MAX3243: Transceivers RS-232 S ignal Standard M ain Battery: NiMH/Li-Ion AC Adapter: ADP52 Bridge Battery: 6 Cell NiMH C haracteristics P UD76: DC/DC Converter Input Rated Voltage: Battery NiMH DC 9.6V Li-Ion DC 14.4V Adapter ADP52 DC 19V Output Rated Current: 3VDDS 5VDDS PEAK 3.7A 4.5A MAX 3.5A 3.2A TYP 1.75A 1.3A MIN 0.3A 0.5A MAX 100mA 100mA → TYP 6mA 6mA → Suspend MIN 1mA 1mA → Voltage 3.3V 5.0V Regulation -2.5%+4.0% -2.5%+4.0% Ripple 80mV 80mV Ripple Noise 150mV 150mV Protection Circuit Short Circuit → Reset by pwr on Over Current → Reset by pwr on Input - Output Interface: CN1 1. DC-In 2. DC-In DC-In 4. 5VON1 NC 6. FULPDN0 (Suspend) GND 8. GND GND 10. GND CN2 1. 5VDDS 2. 5VDDS VAR5 4. GND 5. GND 6. GND GND 8. VAR3 9. 3VDDS 10. 3VDDS, 2-8 General Specifications Table 2-3 DC Converter Board Specifications (cont'd) Item Specification FM-04: DC/DC Converter (PC Cards) Input Rated Voltage: DC 5V±10% Output Rated Voltage : 12V ± 5% Ripple: 200mVp-p Noise: 360mVp-p Protection: Short Circuit → Reset by pwr on Input - Output Interface: CN1 1. GND 2. GND Output 4. Output capacitor terminal 5. Input 6. On/Off CC04: Constant Current Converter for Charge Input Rated Voltage: AC Adapter DC 18.5V ~ 20.0V Charge Voltage: 7.0V ~ 20.0V System Current: 0.0A ~ 2.4A Charge Current: 0.0A ~ 1.7A Ripple: 350mVp-p Noise: 500mVp-p Input - Output Interface: N.C 2. ADP In 3. N.C 4. GND 5. GND 6. CHG Out 7. N.C 8. ADP Out LTC1435 : DC/DC Converter Input Rated Voltage : Battery NiMH DC 9.6V Li-Ion DC 14.4V Adapter ADP52 DC 19V Output Rated Current: Vio Vcore PEAK 400mA 4.0A MAX 300mA 3.2A TYP 100mA 2.0A MIN 10mA 100mA Regulation ±5% ±5% Ripple 80mV 80mV Ripple Noise 150mV 150mV MAX3243 : Transceiver RS-232 Serial Port S ub-Battery NiMH : VARTA 6 Cell, General Specifications 2-9 LED INDICATOR BOARD SPECIFICATIONS The NEC Versa 2700 uses the following LEDs. HDD LEDx1FDD LEDx1Num Lock LEDx1Cap Lock LEDx1Scroll Lock LEDx1Power Switchx1Suspend Buttonx1The following table lists LED indicator board specifications. Table 2-4 LED Indicator Board Specifications I tem S pecification External Connector To Mother Board : CN101, 10 pin (Molex) T o Cover Switch : CN102, 2 pin (Molex) I/O BOARD SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists I/O board specifications. Table 2-5 I/O Board Specifications Item S pecification CPU Core Voltage: 16 pin, SOP (LTC1435) +5V Voltage: N EC Module Board +3V Voltage: N EC Module Board + 12V Voltage: N EC Module Board Internal ConnectorToMother Board: CN6, 100 pin (AMP) E xternal Connector To COM Port: CN1, 9 pin (Suyin) To LTP Port: CN3, 25 pin (Suyin) T o Keyboard Connector: CN4, 6 Pin (Eoxcon) T o Adapter: CN5, 3 pin (HRS) To Battery pack: CN7, 8 pin (AMP), 2-10 General Specifications LCD INVERTER BOARD SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists the LCD inverter board specifications. T able 2-6 LCD Inverter Board Specifications Item S pecification Ratings Input Voltage: 8V to 20V DC Tube Current: 2 to 5 mA rms VBL-adj: 0 to 4.7V DC Working Frequency: 50 to 58 KHz Detection N o-load OVP clamp: No Connection to LCD Constant Current Output: Output Short Connector CN1 6 pin Molex (53261-0610) 1. V+ (8.0V to 20.0V) 2. V+ (8.0V to 20.0V) 3. On/Off (H - On, L - Off) 4. VBL - adj (0.0V to 4.7V) 5. GND 6. GND CN2 2-pin JST SM02(8.0)H-BHS 1. HV (High Voltage) 2. Return E nvironment T emperature Specification Operation : 0° to 45° C Storage : -20° to 60° C Humidity Operation : 20%RH to 80%RH Storage : 10%RH to 90%RH Altitude Operation : 10,000 ft Storage : 15,000 ft Burn-In Loading : LCD Module or Dummy Load Input : 19V (Max/Adapter In), General Specifications 2-11 LED STATUS INDICATORS The following table lists NEC Versa 2700 Series LEDs. For example, the Hard Drive Ac- cess LED lights to indicate the hard drive is in use and being accessed. T able 2-7 Status LED Descriptions Item L ED Hard Drive Access D iskette Drive Access Caps Lock S croll Lock Num Lock DISKETTE DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists the standard diskette drive specifications. T able 2-8 Diskette Drive Specifications Item S pecification M odule 3.5” Module Mode 3 Mode FDD (1.44 MB/ 720 KB) Unit Size 4 .29 in. (L) x 3.74 in. (W) x 0.50 in (H) (110mm x 96mm x 12.7mm ), 2-12 General Specifications HDD UNIT SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists the standard hard drive specifications. Table 2-9 Hard Disk Drive Specifications I tem S pecification Module 2 .5” Removable HDD Module C apacity 1 .4 GB or 2.1 GB I nterface E nhanced IDE Interface Unit Size 3 .90 in. (L) x 2.73 in. (W) x 0.50 in. (H) (100mm x 70mm x 12.7mm ) CD-ROM SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists the standard CD-ROM reader specifications. Table 2-10 CD-ROM Reader Specifications I tem S pecification Specification 16X 20X M odel Number C D-316E CD-220E (TEAC) Mode I DE Interface I DE Interface D ata Transfer 2,400 KB/sec (Max) 3 ,000 KB/sec (Max) (Sustained) Data Transfer (Burst) 16.7 MB/sec 1 6.7 MB/sec Unit Size 5 .48 in. (L) x 5.09 in. (W) x 5 .07 in (L) x 4.99 (W) x 0.53 in. (H) (140.5mm x 0.50 (H) (130mm x 128mm x 130.5mm x 13.7mm ) 12.7mm) NIMH BATTERY PACK SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists the standard battery specifications. T able 2-11 Battery Specifications I tem S pecification Specification NiMH Li-Ion Capacity 3 300 mAx8cells 2600 mAx8cells Cell Type L ongA18650 V oltage 9 .6V 1 4.4V C onnector 10-Pin 10-pin, General Specifications 2-13 DC/DC CONVERTER AND BATTERY CHARGER SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists DC/DC converter and battery charger specifications. Table 2-12 DC/DC Converter and Battery Charger Specifications I tem S pecification Input Voltage 6V -> 19V Output Voltage 5 V, 3.3V Output Current 0 .1A, 2.5A Output Ripple 150mV, 100mV Voltage Protection S hort Circuit, Over Current Efficiency 8 0% Min. (Typ.) P CB 1.2mm/6 Layers BATTERY CHARGER SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists battery charger specifications. Table 2-13 Battery Charger Specifications Item S pecification I nput Voltage 20V (Max.) Support Battery N iMH Battery (12V) or Li-Ion Battery (12V) Protection M ax. Temp., Max. Timer Charge Method oD elta T/Delta t: 1 C (min.) Max. Temperatureoo53 C ~ 60 C Timer Setting 360 Min. Charge Time M achine On: 4 hours Machine Off: 2 hours C harge IC BQ2005 Connector To M/B: 10 Pin & 18 Pin, Male, Straight, DIP/SMT, 2-14 General Specifications KEYBOARD SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists keyboard specifications. Table 2-14 Keyboard Specifications I tem S pecification K ey Switch Type M embrane Key Stroke 3 .0 ± 0.5mm O perating Force50± 20GF Key Pitch 1 9.05mm AC/DC ADAPTER SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists AC/DC adapter specifications. Table 2-15 AC/DC Adapter Specifications I tem S pecification Input Voltage AC 90V -> 265V, 50 -> 63Hz Ripple Noise 1 00mvp-P Output Voltage 2 0V Max. P rotection S hort Circuit UVP, OVP AC Cord Safety Approval, FCC Shielding AC cord DC Output Cable 2 -pin, 100cm long with coil at system end IndicatorACPower On Unit Size 4 .68 in. (L) x 2.42 in. (W) x 1.40 in. (H) 120mm x 62mm x 36mm, General Specifications 2-15 LCD/LED BOARD SPECIFICATIONS The NEC Versa 2700 features the following LCD/LED items. Charge LEDx2Power LEDx2Suspend LEDx2Contrast VRx1Brightness VRx1The following table lists LCD/LED Board specifications. Table 2-16 LCD/LED Board Specifications Item S pecification E xternal Connector To Mother Board: CN2, 11 pin (Molex) To Inverter: CN1, 6 pin (Molex), 2-16 General Specifications

BIOS SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists BIOS specifications.

Table 2-17 BIOS Specifications Item S pecification BIOS Feature • Boot Block/Crisis Rescue • APM 1.2 Compliance • Support PCI 2.1 Specifications • Supports Win95, WFWG, WinNT, Win3.11, and DOS 6.2x C PU A uto detects the CPU type and speed DRAM Auto sizing and detection Cache • Level 2 Sync/Async SRAM auto sizing and detection • Supports Panning while LCD display resolution is greater than supported. H ard Disk • Enhanced IDE Specifications • Supports auto detection • Supports LBA mode for larger capacity HDD • Supports 32-bit PIO transfer • Supports Multi-sector transfer • Supports ultra DMA • Supports Fast PIO mode 1 - 4 transfer M ulti Boot A llows user to select boot from FDD, HDD, or CD-ROM Plug and Play S upports PnP Run Time Service and conflict-free allocation of resource during POST I ntelligent Battery S upports BIOS interface to pass battery information from the PMU Controller (PMU-03 & PIC16C62) to the application Keyboard Controller Supports Fn hot keys, two Win95 hot keys, built-in Glide Pad and external PS/2 mouse/keyboard P CMCIA C ompliant with PCMCIA 2.1 Specification CD-ROM S upports boot from CD-ROM PortBar I /O port replicator duplicates the following ports: CRT Port Printer Prot COM1 Port MIDI/Game Port PS/2 Mouse & Standard Keyboard Port DC-In Jack, General Specifications 2-17 T able 2-17 BIOS Specifications (cont'd) Item S pecification Power Management The power management is compliant with APM 1.2 specifications and Support supports the following power states: On Mode Doze Mode — Transparent to the user Standby Mode — Also known as the Power On Suspend Mode Suspend to RAM (STR) Mode Suspend To Disk (STD) Mode Soft-Off Mode (Soff) Mechanical Off Mode (Moff) — Transparent to BIOS

POWER MANAGEMENT FEATURES (MODE DEFINITION) The following table lists power management specifications.

Table 2-18 Power Management Modes Mode Mode Definition Full-On The system state where no devices are power managed and the system can respond to applications with maximum performance. Doze T he CPU clock is slowed down and all other devices are full-on. Standby A suspend state where all system board components are still powered-on except for the system clock generator device. The PCI (POS) and CPU buses are driven to the inactive idle state. The system memory is powered and refreshed by the memory bridge, and the graphics frame buffer is powered and refreshed by the graphic chip. The system provides a 32 KHz clock (SUSCLK) in this Suspend mode to support refresh of these memory subsystems. Only an enabled “resume event” can bring the system out of the powered-on suspend (POS) state. The PIIX4 also provides a resume timer that allows the system to resume after a programmed time has elapsed. S uspend To RAM A suspend state where all system board components are powered (STR) off. The CPU/2 and PCI busses are powered off. All devices connected to the CPU/L2 and PCI buses must either be powered-off or isolate their bus interfaces. The system memory is powered and refreshed by the graphics chip. The system provides a 32 KHz clock (SUSCLK) in this suspend mode to support refresh of these memory subsystems. Only an enabled “resume event” can bring the platform out of the suspend to RAM (STR) state. Suspend to Disk A suspend state where the context of the entire system is saved to ( STD) disk, all system board components are powered-off, and all clocks are stopped. Any enabled “resume event”, such as PowerBTN or RTC, can bring the platform out of the suspend to disk (STD) state., 2-18 General Specifications T able 2-18 Power Management Modes (cont'd) Mode Mode Definition Soft Off: This is the same as suspend to disk except the context of memory (SOFF) is not saved. The system resumes from a Soft Off as if a hard reset had occurred. Mechanical Off All power except the RTC was removed from the system. (This ( MOFF) mode is transparent to BIOS.) Table 2-19 Power Status of Local Devices C omponent F ull-On D oze POS STR S TD/Soff CPUOnStop Stop Clock P ower Off Power Off Grant D RAM On On S low Refresh S low Refresh P ower Off HDD On On L ow Power Power Off Power Off FDDOnOnOnPower Off Power Off M #8813 (KBC) O n OnOnLow Power P ower Off PIC16C62 (µP) O n OnOnLow Power L ow Power VGA / VRAM On On L ow Power Low Power P ower Off TI 1131 (PCMCIA) On On L ow Power Low Power P ower Off Sound On On L ow Power Power Off Power Off L CD PanelOnOn P ower Off Power Off Power Off Backlight IR ModuleOnOn L ow Power Power Off Power Off S uper I/O Chip On On L ow Power Power Off Power Off Wake-up Events — IRQ0~15 IRQ1~15 Suspend Button P ower Button Ring In Ring Indicator Ring Indicator RTC Alarm RTC Alarm, General Specifications 2-19 POWER MANAGEMENT FEATURES (MODE TRANSITION) The following table lists power management transition modes. Table 2-20 Mode Definitions Power State/ Control Pin SUB_STAT1# SUB_STAT2# SUSA# SUSB# SUSC# PWRON F ull-On111111Doze111111Standby000111STR000011STD/SOFF000000Mechanical Off000000HOT KEY DEFINITION The following table lists hot key definitions. Table 2-21 Hot Keys Function Key C ontent Fn + F2 T oggle text highlight (in DOS) Fn + F3 T oggle Display (CRT/LCD/Simul) Fn + F4 E nter Standby Mode Fn + F5 L CD Panel Backlight Standard/Full Fn + F6 S ystem Speaker On/Off Fn + F7 P /M Level (Toggle between Highest Performance, Longest Battery, Custom, and Off Power Management Level) Fn + F12 Scroll Lock Fn + LeftCtrl Simulate right Ctrl Key Fn + Z W indows key for Windows 95 Fn + X Application key for Windows 95, 2-20 General Specifications HOT KEYS SUPPORTED BY EXTERNAL KEYBOARD DEFINITION The following table lists external hot key definitions. Table 2-22 External Hot Keys Function Key C ontent Fn + F2 T oggle Text Highlight (in DOS) Fn + F3 T oggle Display (CRT/LCD/Simul) F n + F4 E nter Standby Mode Fn + F5 L CD Panel Backlight Standard/FullFn+ F6 S ystem Speaker On/Off Fn + F7 P /M Level (Toggle between Highest Performance, Longest Battery, Custom, and Off Power Management Level) Fn + Suspend S ave-to-Disk on Demand Power Switch + Suspend F orce Power Off ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists appropriate operating temperatures. Table 2-23 Environmental Specifications I tem S pecification Operating Modeoo5C~ 35 C (80%) Non-Operatingoo-20 C ~ 60 C (90%) POWER SOURCE SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists system power specifications. Table 2-24 Power Specifications Input Nominal Version AC Voltage 1 00 ~ 250V90~ 265 V AC Frequency 50 / 60 Hz47~ 63 Hz, General Specifications 2-21 VIBRATION SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists vibration specifications. Table 2-25 Vibration Specifications Item S pecification Operating Mode Direction of Movement: X, Y, Z Axis Vibration Level: 5 ~ 500 ~ 5 Hz, 0.5 Gs Acceleration Duration Time: 60 min. for each axis Non-Operating Direction of Movement: X, Y, Z Axis Vibration Level: 5 ~ 500 ~ 5 Hz 2 Gs Acceleration Duration Time: 60 min. for each axis SHOCK SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists system shock specifications. T able 2-26 Shock Specifications Item S pecification Operating Mode Impact Accelerator: 1g/10g Based on Half Sine-Wave Shock Pulses of 11 Msec Number of Shock: 3 Shocks for each of the 6 faces Direction of movement: 6 Faces Non-Operating Mode Impact Accelerator: 10g, 20g, 30g, 40g, 50g Based on Half Sine- Wave Shock Pulses of 11Msec Number of Shock: 3 Shocks for each of the 6 faces Direction of Movement: 6 Faces ELECTRO-STATIC DISCHARGE (ESD) SPECIFICATIONS The following table lists static discharge specifications. Table 2-27 Electro-Static Discharge Specifications Item S pecification C ontact Discharge ± 2, 4, 8, 12.5, 15 kV Air Discharge ± 2, 4, 15 kV H CP ±2, 4 kV VCP ± 2, 4 kV,

Section 3 Hardware Functional Overview

The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks consist of several major functions and subsystems including: system BIOS – implemented on the system board and Flash ROM system processor – implemented on the system board system logic controller – implemented on the I/O board memory subsystem – implemented on the system board video subsystem – implemented on the I/O board, LED board, and LCD display panel I/O subsystem – implemented on the I/O board keyboard subsystem – implemented on part of the system board and keyboard assembly PCMCIA controller and sockets – implemented on the system board pointing device subsystem – implemented on the I/O board and keyboard assembly hard disk subsystem – implemented on the system board and the hard drive assembly diskette drive disk subsystem – implemented on the system board and the diskette drive CD-ROM subsystem – implemented on the system board and the CD-ROM reader power subsystem – implemented on the power supply board, inverter board, battery packs, and AC adapter. A simplified block diagram of the notebook is shown on the next page., 3-2 Hardware Functional Overview

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM The following figure shows the NEC Versa 2700 Series functional diagram. CPU

Pentium MMX P55C Tillamook (TCP) Bank 1 133/150/166/ so-DIMM 200/233 MHz 16/32/64 MB L2 Bank 2 Cache so-DIMM 256 KB 16/32/64 MB Slot 0

PCMCIA CRT

VGA System PCB PCMCIA Neo Magic 430TX TI NM2093 MTXC 1131 LCD 324BGA Slot 1

PCMCIA HDD

USB CD-ROM Serial Flash ROM3.3V, 32PLCC FDD Battery PS/2 Mouse Printer Super I/O Glide Pad Line-In Keyboard NS87338VJG Controller M38813/M4 Internal Kb Headphones Audio PCB Yamaha 715B External Kb Microphone Volume Control Clock Generator

Figure 3-1 Functional Block Diagram

, Hardware Functional Overview 3-3 SYSTEM BIOS The primary function of the system BIOS (Basic Input-Output System) is to provide a se- ries of software interrupts, functions, and sub-functions that control operations on certain devices, such as the hard disk drive, the diskette drive, and the video subsystem. The NEC Versa 2700 Series uses the AMIBIOS. The BIOS Setup program is an easy-to- use system utility configuration that sets system parameters and copies them on the Flash ROM chip with the system BIOS. The Flash ROM chip also includes BIOS Power-On Self Test (POST) diagnostic and boot- ing codes that tests the system components, initializes certain data structures, and boots the operating system. System Processor The system processor function for the notebook is implemented on the system board using an Intel MMX, P55C-133/150/166/200 or P55CLM-233/266 MHz processor chips. These processor operate in conjunction with the RAM and ROM memory plus other system con- trol logic (e.g. Intel 430TX) to process software instructions (BIOS, Windows, applica- tions). The P55C microprocessor is a 2.8V desktop/2.5V mobile (the P55CLM is 1.8V) (3.3V I/O) version of the Pentium processor (75-200). It is functionally similar to the Pentium processor (75-200) with the following differences: Voltage supplies, maximum bus and core frequency, and performance. The P55C/P55CLM is socket compatible with the Pentium processor (75-200) making it possible to design a flexible motherboard that supports both the Pentium processor (75-200) and the P55C/P55CLM processor. The P55C/P55CLM is manufactured on an advanced CMOS process, which enables the P55C with a reduced core voltage supply to run at up to 200 MHz core frequency (the P55CLM can run at up to 266 MHz core frequency. The P55C/P55CLM, like the Pentium processor (75-200) has built-in arbitration and cache consistency features for Dual-Processing (DP) which enable a “glueless” dual P55C system design. The P55C/P55CLM can be configured in both modes, DP or uniprocessing. The P55C/P55CLM has the complete Pentium processor (75-200) feature set, plus the following new features: 16 KB 4-way set-associative code cache and 16 KB 4-way data cache, each with improved fully associative TLBs. Pool of 4 write buffers used by both pipes. New Fetch pipeline stage between Prefetch and Instruction Decode with 4-deep instruction FIFO. Enhanced branch prediction algorithum., 3-4 Hardware Functional Overview Up to 233 Mhz/266 MHz core frequency operation for both desktop and mobile systems. Supports the Intel 430 chipset family. Does not support Intel 82497/82492 or 82498/82493 cache chipsets. SYSTEM LOGIC CONTROLLER The System Logic Controller function for the notebook is implemented on the system board using Intel 430TX PCI Chipset. The 430TX PCIset consists of the TX System Controller (MTXC) and the PCI ISA IDE Xcelerator (PIIX4). The PCIset forms a Host-to-PCI bridge and provides the second level cache control and a full function 64-bit data path to main memory. The MTXC integrates the cache and main memory DRAM control functions and provides bus control to transfers between the CPU, cache, main memory, and the PCI Bus. The second level (L2) cache controller supports a write-back cache policy for cache sizes of 256 Kbytes and 512 Kbytes. Cacheless designs are also supported. The cache memory can be implemented with pipeline burst SRAMs. An external Tag RAM is used for the address tag and an internal Tag RAM for the cache line status bits. For the MTXC DRAM controller, six rows are supported for up to 256 Mbytes of main memory. The MTXC PCIset is highly integrated by including the Data Path into the same BGA chip. Using the snoop ahead feature, the MTXC allows PCI masters to achieve full PCI bandwidth. For increased system performance, the MTXC integrates posted write and read prefetch buffers. The Intel 430TX PCIset integrates many Power Management fea- tures that will enable the system to save power whenever the system resources become idle. Features Summary: Supports the Pentium® processor family host bus at 66 MHz at 3.3V and 2.5V. PCI 2.1 compliant Integrated data path Integrated DRAM controller 4 MB to 256 MB main memory 64 Mbit DRAM/SDRAM technology support FPM (Fast Page Mode), EDO and SDRAM DRAM support 6 RAS lines available Integrated Programmable-Strength for DRAM interface CAS-Before-RAS Refresh, extended refresh and self refresh for EDO CAS-Before-RAS and Self refresh for SDRAM, Hardware Functional Overview 3-5 Integrated L2 Cache Controller 64MB DRAM cacheability Direct Mapped Organization - Write Back Only Supports 256K and 512K Pipelined Burst SRAM and DRAM cache Cache Hit Read/Write cycle Timings at 3-1-1-1 Back-to-Back Read/Write Cycles at 3-1-1-1-1-1-1-1 64K x 32 SRAM also supported Fully Synchronous, Minimum Latency 30/33 MHz PCI bus interface Five PCI Bus Masters (including PIIX4) 10 DWord PCI-to-DRAM read prefetch buffer 18 Dword PCI-DRAM post buffer Multi-Transaction Timer to support multiple short PCI transactions Power Management Features PCI CLKRUN# support Dynamic Stop Clock support Suspend to RAM (STR) Suspend to Disk (STD) Power On Suspend (POS) Internal Clock control SDRAM and EDO self refresh during suspend ACPI Support Compatible SMRAM (C-SMRAM) and Extended SMRAM (E_SMRAM) SMM Write-Back cacheable in E_SMRAM mode up to 1 MB 3.3/5V DRAM, 3.3/5V PCI, 3.3/5V Tag, and 3.3/2.5V SRAM support Test Features NAND tree support for all pins Supports the Universal Serial Bus (USB), 3-6 Hardware Functional Overview 324-pin MBGA 430TX PCIset Xcelerated Controller (MTXC) with integrated Data Paths MEMORY SUBSYSTEM The memory subsystem, implemented on the system board, includes ROM and DRAM memory. Primary control for the memory subsystem is provided by the Intel 430TX PCIset. DRAM Memory The NEC Versa 2700 notebooks provides two memory slots for upgrading the DRAM memory to 32 MB, 48 MB, 64 MB, 80 MB, and 128 MB using standard JEDEC or EDO small-outline DIMM (SO-DIMM) memory modules. Refer to “System Upgrades” in Chapter 1 to learn more about upgrading system memory. ROM Memory The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks contains both the main system BIOS and the VGA BIOS with Shadow BIOS capability. I/O SUBSYSTEM The PC87338VLJ/PC87338VJG provides the most commonly used ISA, EISA, and MicroChannel® peripherals in a single chip. It includes a Floppy Disk Controller (FDC), two full function UARTs, Universal Infrared support (UIR) (HP-SIR, Sharp-IR, TV- Remote, and Infrared Data Association (IrDA)), a full IEEE 1284 parallel port, two general purpose chip select signals that enable game port control, and a configuration register set. In addition, support for power management and for mixed 3.3V and 5V operation makes this chip particularly suitable for notebook and sub-notebook applications. The PC87338 provides full Plug and Play support as specified by Microsoft®. Feature’s summary of the NC87336VLJ: A special Plug and Play module includes: Flexible IRQs, DMAs and base addresses General Interrupt Requests (IRQs) that can be multiplexed to the ten sup- ported IRQs A new, high performance, on-chip Floppy Disk Controller (FDC) provides: Software compatibility with the PC8477, which contains a superset of the floppy disk controller functions in the µDP8473, the NECµPD765A and the N82077 A modifiable 13-bit address, Hardware Functional Overview 3-7 Ten IRQ channel options Four 8-bit DMA channel option 16-Byte FIFO Burst and non-burst modes Low-power CMOS with enhanced power-down mode A new, high-performance, on-chip, digital data seperator that does not require any external filter components Support for standard 5.25” and 3.5” diskette drives Automatic media sense support Perpendicular recording drive support Three mode Diskette Drive (FDD) support Full support for IBM’s Tape Drive Register (TDR) implementation Support for new fast tape drives (2 Mbps) and standard tape drives (1 Mbps, 500 Kbps, and 250 Kbps) Two UARTs provide: Software compatibility with the 16550A and the 16450 A modifiable 13-bit address Ten IRQ channel options MIDI Baud rate support Four 8-bit DMA channel options on UART2 Shadow register support for UART write-only bits A slow infrared mode Universal Infrared (UIR) interface on UART2 supports the following: Data rates of up to 115.2 Kbps (SIR) A data rate of 1.152 Mbps (MIR) A data rate of 4.0 Mbps (FIR) Selectable internal or external modulation/demodulation (Sharp-IR) A bi-directional parallel port that includes: A modifiable 13-bit address, 3-8 Hardware Functional Overview Ten IRQ channel options Four 8-bit DMA channel options An Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) compatible with version EPP 1.9 (IEEE1284 compliant), that also supports version EPP 1.7 of the Xircom specification An Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) that is IEEE 1284 compliant, including level 2 Bi-directional data transfer under either software or hardware control Compatibility with ISA, EISA, and MicroChannel parallel ports Multiplexing of additional external FDC signals on parallel port pins that en- ables use of an external Floppy Disk Drive (FDD) A protection circuit that prevents damage to the parallel port when an external printer powers up or operates at high voltages 14 mA output drivers Two general purpose pins for two programmable chip select signals can be programmed for game port control An address decoder that: Selects all primary and secondary ISA addresses, including COM1-4 and LPT1-3 Decodes up to 16 address bits Clock Source: An internal clock multiplier generates all required internal frequencies. A clock input source 14.318 MHz, 24 MHz, or 48 MHz may be selected Enhanced power management features: Special power-down configuration registers Enhanced programmable FDC command to trigger power down Programmable power-down and wake-up modes Two dedicated pins for FDC power management Low power-down current consumption (typically less than 10µA). Reduced pin leakage current, Hardware Functional Overview 3-9 Low power CMOS technology The ability to shut off clocks to either the entire chip or only to specific mod- ules Mixed voltage support provides: Standard 5V operation Low voltage 3.3V operation Simultaneous internal 3.3V operation and reception or transmission to devices that have either a 3.3V or a 5V power supply 100-pin TQFP package - PC87338VJG 100-pin TQFP package - PC87338VLJ VIDEO SUBSYSTEM The video subsystem, implemented on the system board and on the LCD panel, controls the display output to both the LED panel and to the external VGA port. The NM2160 is a high performance Flat Panel Video Accelerator that integrates in one single chip, 2 Mbytes of high speed DRAM, 24-bit true-color RAMDAC, Graphics/Video Accelerator, Dual Clock Synthesizer, TV-Out support, ZV (Zoomed Video) port, Z-Buffer Data Stripping, PCI Bus Mastering, and a high speed glueless 32-bit PCI 2.1 compliance interface. By integrating the display buffer DRAM and 128-bit graphics/video accelerator, the NM2160 achieves the leading performance in the smallest footprint available. The NM2160 has sufficient bandwidth to perform full-screen, 30fps video acceleration of MPEG, Indeo, Cinepak, and other video playback CODECs. The bandwidth headroom also allows the NM2160 to deliver the highest quality video playback of any notebook graphics solution, without compromising simultaneous graphics performance. Feature summary of the NM2160: 128 Bit Graphics Acceleration High speed BitBLT Engine Color Expansion Accelerated Text Hardware Clipping X - Y Coordinates Addressing Memory Mapped I/O, 3-10 Hardware Functional Overview Bus Mastering Z - Buffer data stripping VGA I/O Relocatable to MMIO Space Video Acceleration Integrated frame buffer for Video and Graphics 16 M Color video in all modes Color Space Conversion (YUV to RGB) Arbitrary video scaling up to 8X ratio Bilinear interpolation and Filtering Video Overlay capability from on/off screen memory Chroma Key Support Independent Brightness Control for Video Window Supports different color depths between video and graphics Supports RGB graphics and video in YUV format in one Integrated frame buffer Memory Support High Speed 2 Mbytes of integrated DRAM 128 bit Memory Interface Bus Support PCI 2.1 compliance Loceal Bus (Zero wait states) 3.3Volts or 5Volts operation EMI Reduction Spread Spectrum Clocking technology for reduced panel EMI Hardware Cursor and Icon Relocatable Hardware Cursor and Icon 64 x 64 Hardware Cursor, Hardware Functional Overview 3-11 64 x 64 or 128 x 128 Hardware Icon Green PC Support VESA Display Power Management (DPMS) DAC Power Down modes Suspend/Standby/Clock management VGA disable support PCI Mobile Computing “clockrun” support Resolution and Color Support VGA: TFT, DSTN, CRT @ 85Hz (640 x 480 256, 64K, 16M) SVGA: TFT, DSTN, CRT @ 85Hz (800 x 600 256, 64K, 16M) XGA: TFT, DSTN, CRT @ 75Hz (1024 x 768 256, 64K Colors) Simultaneous CRT/Flat Panel operation Simultaneous TV/Flat Panel operation Display Enhancements TV Out Support ZV (Zoomed Video) Port 24 Bit Inegrated RAMDAC with Gamma Correction 36 bit panel support Hardware expansion for low-resolution display mode compensation to panels Virtual Screen Panning Support Integrated Dual Clock Synthesizer VESA DDC1 and DDC2b External VGA Capability The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks provide a 15-pin female D-type external VGA con- nector that can be connected to an external video graphics adapter (VGA) type monitor., 3-12 Hardware Functional Overview Another feature of the notebook computer is the ability to auto-sense the display output to both LCD and the external CRT monitor. The notebook provides external resolution of 1024 x 768 by 64K colors for the NEC Versa 2700 Series with 2 MB video memory. The NEC Versa 2700 Series can also provide simultaneous display at 800x600 at 64K colors with the standard VGA DSTN LCD. KEYBOARD SUBSYSTEM The Keyboard Subsystem of the notebook is implemented on the I/O Board and Keyboard Assembly using the Motorola M 38813M4 keyboard controller chip. The NEC Versa 2700 Series keyboard is an 85-key, IBM enhanced-type keyboard with standard characters and function keys plus 12 programmable function keys. The notebook also provides an external PS/2 port for supporting an external PS/2 keyboard or standard DIN-type AT-keyboard. See Section 1 for more information. PCMCIA CONTROLLER AND SOCKETS The PCMCIA controller is implemented on the system board using TI’s PCI-1131 Interface Controller. The TI PCI-1131 is a high-performance PCI-to-PCI Card controller that supports two independent PC Card sockets compliant with the 1995 PC Card standard. The PCI-1131 provides a set of features that make it ideal for bridging between PCI and PC Cards in both notebook and desktop computers. The PCI-1131 supports any combination of 16-bit and CardBus PC Card bus-mastering in its two sockets, powered at 3.3V or 5V, as required. The PCI-1131 is compliant with the PCI local bus specification revision 2.1, and its PCI Interface can act as either a PCI master device or a PCI slave device. The PCI bus mastering is initiated during 16-bit PC Card DMA transfers or CardBus PC Card bus- mastering cycles. All card signals are internally buffered to allow hot insertion and removal without external buffering. The PCI-1131 is register compatible with the Intel 82365SL-DF ExCA controller. The PCI-1131 internal datapath logic allows the host to access 8-, 16-, and 32- bit cards using full 32-bit PCI cycles for maximum performance. Independent 32-bit write buffers allow fast-posted writes to improve system-bus utilization. An advanced CMOS process is used to achieve low system-power consumption while operating at PCI clock rates up to 33 MHz. Several low-power modes allow the host power-management system to further reduce power consumption. Feature summary of the TI PCI-1131: 3.3V Core Logic with Universal PCI Interface Compatible with 3.3V or 5V PCI signaling environments Supports PCI Local Bus Specification 2.1, Hardware Functional Overview 3-13 Mix-and-Match 3.3-V/5-V PC Cards and 3.3-V CardBus Cards Supports two PC Card™ or CardBus Slots with Hot Insertion and Removal 1995 PC Card-Standard Compliant Low-Power Advanced Submicron CMOS technology Uses Serial Interface to Texas Instruments (TI) TPS2206 Dual Power Switch System interrupts can be programmed as PCI-Style of ISA IRQ-Style interrupts ISA IRQ interrupts can be serialized onto a Single IRQSER pin Programmable Output Select for CLCKRUN Supports Burst transfers to maximize data throughput on the PCI and CardBus Bus Multifunction PCI Device with separate configuration spaces for each socket Five PCI Memory Windows and Two I/O Windows available to each PC Card16 Socket Two I/O Windows and Two Memory Windows Available to each CardBus Socket CardBus Memory Windows can be individually selected prefetchable or non- prefetchable Exchangeable Card Architecture (ExCA™)-Compatible registers mapped in Memory or I/O space TI Extension Registers mapped in the PCI Configuration space Intel 82365SL-DF Register compatible Supports 16-bit Distributed Direct Memory Access (DMA) on both PC Card sockets Supports PC/PCI DMA on both PC Card sockets Supports Zoom Video mode Supports Ring Indicate Packaged in 208-pin Thin Plastic Quad Flatpack, 3-14 Hardware Functional Overview HARD DISK SUBSYSTEM The hard disk subsystem, implemented on the system board and on the associated built-in hard disk drive, provides disk storage for all system software and user files. The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook is equipped with a high capacity hard disk drive that provides LBA (Logical Block Addressing) mode support. The I/O subsystem controller, NS PC87338CLJ, provides the IDE controller for the hard disk. The built-in controller can support any industry standard 2.5-inch IDE hard disk drive. Set- ting up the hard disk type is done automatically by the CMOS Setup program. Setup auto- detects the installed hard disk type settings for optimized performance. NOTE: Do not move the notebook when the HDD LED is activated. This protects the hard disk drive from any accidental damage or loss of data. DISKETTE DRIVE SUBSYSTEM The diskette drive subsystem consists of a FDD controller provided by Super I/O PC87338VLG and the built-in diskette disk drive. The diskette disk drive supports standard 3.5-inch; 720 KB and 1.44 MB mini-diskettes. POINTING DEVICE SUBSYSTEM The pointing device subsystem consists of the VersaGlide device on the system Palm Rest cover assembly, and a pre-programmed Mitsubishi M38813M4 micro-controller that inter- faces the mouse device to the system board. An external PS/2 port also supports the use of an external PS/2 compatible mouse which the system automatically detects during system power up and then disables the internal VersaGlide. POWER SUBSYSTEM The Power Subsystem consists of the following major sections: External AC Power Adapter Internal Battery Pack Power Board (on system board) LCD Inverter Board (in LCD Panel Assembly) Power Conservation Logic (part of system board), Hardware Functional Overview 3-15 AC Power Adapter The computer is equipped with a universal AC power adapter that converts AC voltage (90 to 265VAC, 47 to 63Hz) into DC voltage used to operate the notebook and charge the batteries. Internal Battery Pack The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks utilizes NiMH (Nickel Metal-Hydride) or Li-Ion (Lithium Ion) batteries that provide DC power for the notebook. The NiMH battery pack contains eight size A battery cells that provide the system with 9.6V and the Li-Ion battery pack contains eight size A battery cells that provide the system with 14.4V. When installed in the notebook, the battery LED automatically appears and also starts to recharge whenever the AC adapter is connected to the notebook. Normal charging time for the battery pack is around 2 hours when the computer is turned off while it should take around 4 hours maximum when the computer is running. Power Board The power board receives approximately 12VDC from the battery pack and uses this input voltage to generate +12V, +5V, +3.3V, (+3.45V) regulated output voltages to provide power for all internal notebook board assemblies. The output of the +5V regulator also drives the LCD inverter circuit on the LCD inverter board assembly. Refer to Section 2 for more detailed information. LCD Inverter Board Assembly The LCD Inverter Board Assembly, located in the LCD Panel Assembly, converts the +5VDC input from the Power Board module of the system board into a high voltage AC output used to light the CCFT (Cold-Cathode Fluorescent Tube).,

Section 3 Hardware Functional Overview

The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks consist of several major functions and subsystems including: system BIOS – implemented on the system board and Flash ROM system processor – implemented on the system board system logic controller – implemented on the I/O board memory subsystem – implemented on the system board video subsystem – implemented on the I/O board, LED board, and LCD display panel I/O subsystem – implemented on the I/O board keyboard subsystem – implemented on part of the system board and keyboard assembly PCMCIA controller and sockets – implemented on the system board pointing device subsystem – implemented on the I/O board and keyboard assembly hard disk subsystem – implemented on the system board and the hard drive assembly diskette drive disk subsystem – implemented on the system board and the diskette drive CD-ROM subsystem – implemented on the system board and the CD-ROM reader power subsystem – implemented on the power supply board, inverter board, battery packs, and AC adapter. A simplified block diagram of the notebook is shown on the next page., 3-2 Hardware Functional Overview

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM The following figure shows the NEC Versa 2700 Series functional diagram. CPU

Pentium MMX P55C Tillamook (TCP) Bank 1 133/150/166/ so-DIMM 200/233 MHz 16/32/64 MB L2 Bank 2 Cache so-DIMM 256 KB 16/32/64 MB Slot 0

PCMCIA CRT

VGA System PCB PCMCIA Neo Magic 430TX TI NM2093 MTXC 1131 LCD 324BGA Slot 1

PCMCIA HDD

USB CD-ROM Serial Flash ROM3.3V, 32PLCC FDD Battery PS/2 Mouse Printer Super I/O Glide Pad Line-In Keyboard NS87338VJG Controller M38813/M4 Internal Kb Headphones Audio PCB Yamaha 715B External Kb Microphone Volume Control Clock Generator

Figure 3-1 Functional Block Diagram

, Hardware Functional Overview 3-3 SYSTEM BIOS The primary function of the system BIOS (Basic Input-Output System) is to provide a se- ries of software interrupts, functions, and sub-functions that control operations on certain devices, such as the hard disk drive, the diskette drive, and the video subsystem. The NEC Versa 2700 Series uses the AMIBIOS. The BIOS Setup program is an easy-to- use system utility configuration that sets system parameters and copies them on the Flash ROM chip with the system BIOS. The Flash ROM chip also includes BIOS Power-On Self Test (POST) diagnostic and boot- ing codes that tests the system components, initializes certain data structures, and boots the operating system. System Processor The system processor function for the notebook is implemented on the system board using an Intel MMX, P55C-133/150/166/200 or P55CLM-233/266 MHz processor chips. These processor operate in conjunction with the RAM and ROM memory plus other system con- trol logic (e.g. Intel 430TX) to process software instructions (BIOS, Windows, applica- tions). The P55C microprocessor is a 2.8V desktop/2.5V mobile (the P55CLM is 1.8V) (3.3V I/O) version of the Pentium processor (75-200). It is functionally similar to the Pentium processor (75-200) with the following differences: Voltage supplies, maximum bus and core frequency, and performance. The P55C/P55CLM is socket compatible with the Pentium processor (75-200) making it possible to design a flexible motherboard that supports both the Pentium processor (75-200) and the P55C/P55CLM processor. The P55C/P55CLM is manufactured on an advanced CMOS process, which enables the P55C with a reduced core voltage supply to run at up to 200 MHz core frequency (the P55CLM can run at up to 266 MHz core frequency. The P55C/P55CLM, like the Pentium processor (75-200) has built-in arbitration and cache consistency features for Dual-Processing (DP) which enable a “glueless” dual P55C system design. The P55C/P55CLM can be configured in both modes, DP or uniprocessing. The P55C/P55CLM has the complete Pentium processor (75-200) feature set, plus the following new features: 16 KB 4-way set-associative code cache and 16 KB 4-way data cache, each with improved fully associative TLBs. Pool of 4 write buffers used by both pipes. New Fetch pipeline stage between Prefetch and Instruction Decode with 4-deep instruction FIFO. Enhanced branch prediction algorithum., 3-4 Hardware Functional Overview Up to 233 Mhz/266 MHz core frequency operation for both desktop and mobile systems. Supports the Intel 430 chipset family. Does not support Intel 82497/82492 or 82498/82493 cache chipsets. SYSTEM LOGIC CONTROLLER The System Logic Controller function for the notebook is implemented on the system board using Intel 430TX PCI Chipset. The 430TX PCIset consists of the TX System Controller (MTXC) and the PCI ISA IDE Xcelerator (PIIX4). The PCIset forms a Host-to-PCI bridge and provides the second level cache control and a full function 64-bit data path to main memory. The MTXC integrates the cache and main memory DRAM control functions and provides bus control to transfers between the CPU, cache, main memory, and the PCI Bus. The second level (L2) cache controller supports a write-back cache policy for cache sizes of 256 Kbytes and 512 Kbytes. Cacheless designs are also supported. The cache memory can be implemented with pipeline burst SRAMs. An external Tag RAM is used for the address tag and an internal Tag RAM for the cache line status bits. For the MTXC DRAM controller, six rows are supported for up to 256 Mbytes of main memory. The MTXC PCIset is highly integrated by including the Data Path into the same BGA chip. Using the snoop ahead feature, the MTXC allows PCI masters to achieve full PCI bandwidth. For increased system performance, the MTXC integrates posted write and read prefetch buffers. The Intel 430TX PCIset integrates many Power Management fea- tures that will enable the system to save power whenever the system resources become idle. Features Summary: Supports the Pentium® processor family host bus at 66 MHz at 3.3V and 2.5V. PCI 2.1 compliant Integrated data path Integrated DRAM controller 4 MB to 256 MB main memory 64 Mbit DRAM/SDRAM technology support FPM (Fast Page Mode), EDO and SDRAM DRAM support 6 RAS lines available Integrated Programmable-Strength for DRAM interface CAS-Before-RAS Refresh, extended refresh and self refresh for EDO CAS-Before-RAS and Self refresh for SDRAM, Hardware Functional Overview 3-5 Integrated L2 Cache Controller 64MB DRAM cacheability Direct Mapped Organization - Write Back Only Supports 256K and 512K Pipelined Burst SRAM and DRAM cache Cache Hit Read/Write cycle Timings at 3-1-1-1 Back-to-Back Read/Write Cycles at 3-1-1-1-1-1-1-1 64K x 32 SRAM also supported Fully Synchronous, Minimum Latency 30/33 MHz PCI bus interface Five PCI Bus Masters (including PIIX4) 10 DWord PCI-to-DRAM read prefetch buffer 18 Dword PCI-DRAM post buffer Multi-Transaction Timer to support multiple short PCI transactions Power Management Features PCI CLKRUN# support Dynamic Stop Clock support Suspend to RAM (STR) Suspend to Disk (STD) Power On Suspend (POS) Internal Clock control SDRAM and EDO self refresh during suspend ACPI Support Compatible SMRAM (C-SMRAM) and Extended SMRAM (E_SMRAM) SMM Write-Back cacheable in E_SMRAM mode up to 1 MB 3.3/5V DRAM, 3.3/5V PCI, 3.3/5V Tag, and 3.3/2.5V SRAM support Test Features NAND tree support for all pins Supports the Universal Serial Bus (USB), 3-6 Hardware Functional Overview 324-pin MBGA 430TX PCIset Xcelerated Controller (MTXC) with integrated Data Paths MEMORY SUBSYSTEM The memory subsystem, implemented on the system board, includes ROM and DRAM memory. Primary control for the memory subsystem is provided by the Intel 430TX PCIset. DRAM Memory The NEC Versa 2700 notebooks provides two memory slots for upgrading the DRAM memory to 32 MB, 48 MB, 64 MB, 80 MB, and 128 MB using standard JEDEC or EDO small-outline DIMM (SO-DIMM) memory modules. Refer to “System Upgrades” in Chapter 1 to learn more about upgrading system memory. ROM Memory The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks contains both the main system BIOS and the VGA BIOS with Shadow BIOS capability. I/O SUBSYSTEM The PC87338VLJ/PC87338VJG provides the most commonly used ISA, EISA, and MicroChannel® peripherals in a single chip. It includes a Floppy Disk Controller (FDC), two full function UARTs, Universal Infrared support (UIR) (HP-SIR, Sharp-IR, TV- Remote, and Infrared Data Association (IrDA)), a full IEEE 1284 parallel port, two general purpose chip select signals that enable game port control, and a configuration register set. In addition, support for power management and for mixed 3.3V and 5V operation makes this chip particularly suitable for notebook and sub-notebook applications. The PC87338 provides full Plug and Play support as specified by Microsoft®. Feature’s summary of the NC87336VLJ: A special Plug and Play module includes: Flexible IRQs, DMAs and base addresses General Interrupt Requests (IRQs) that can be multiplexed to the ten sup- ported IRQs A new, high performance, on-chip Floppy Disk Controller (FDC) provides: Software compatibility with the PC8477, which contains a superset of the floppy disk controller functions in the µDP8473, the NECµPD765A and the N82077 A modifiable 13-bit address, Hardware Functional Overview 3-7 Ten IRQ channel options Four 8-bit DMA channel option 16-Byte FIFO Burst and non-burst modes Low-power CMOS with enhanced power-down mode A new, high-performance, on-chip, digital data seperator that does not require any external filter components Support for standard 5.25” and 3.5” diskette drives Automatic media sense support Perpendicular recording drive support Three mode Diskette Drive (FDD) support Full support for IBM’s Tape Drive Register (TDR) implementation Support for new fast tape drives (2 Mbps) and standard tape drives (1 Mbps, 500 Kbps, and 250 Kbps) Two UARTs provide: Software compatibility with the 16550A and the 16450 A modifiable 13-bit address Ten IRQ channel options MIDI Baud rate support Four 8-bit DMA channel options on UART2 Shadow register support for UART write-only bits A slow infrared mode Universal Infrared (UIR) interface on UART2 supports the following: Data rates of up to 115.2 Kbps (SIR) A data rate of 1.152 Mbps (MIR) A data rate of 4.0 Mbps (FIR) Selectable internal or external modulation/demodulation (Sharp-IR) A bi-directional parallel port that includes: A modifiable 13-bit address, 3-8 Hardware Functional Overview Ten IRQ channel options Four 8-bit DMA channel options An Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) compatible with version EPP 1.9 (IEEE1284 compliant), that also supports version EPP 1.7 of the Xircom specification An Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) that is IEEE 1284 compliant, including level 2 Bi-directional data transfer under either software or hardware control Compatibility with ISA, EISA, and MicroChannel parallel ports Multiplexing of additional external FDC signals on parallel port pins that en- ables use of an external Floppy Disk Drive (FDD) A protection circuit that prevents damage to the parallel port when an external printer powers up or operates at high voltages 14 mA output drivers Two general purpose pins for two programmable chip select signals can be programmed for game port control An address decoder that: Selects all primary and secondary ISA addresses, including COM1-4 and LPT1-3 Decodes up to 16 address bits Clock Source: An internal clock multiplier generates all required internal frequencies. A clock input source 14.318 MHz, 24 MHz, or 48 MHz may be selected Enhanced power management features: Special power-down configuration registers Enhanced programmable FDC command to trigger power down Programmable power-down and wake-up modes Two dedicated pins for FDC power management Low power-down current consumption (typically less than 10µA). Reduced pin leakage current, Hardware Functional Overview 3-9 Low power CMOS technology The ability to shut off clocks to either the entire chip or only to specific mod- ules Mixed voltage support provides: Standard 5V operation Low voltage 3.3V operation Simultaneous internal 3.3V operation and reception or transmission to devices that have either a 3.3V or a 5V power supply 100-pin TQFP package - PC87338VJG 100-pin TQFP package - PC87338VLJ VIDEO SUBSYSTEM The video subsystem, implemented on the system board and on the LCD panel, controls the display output to both the LED panel and to the external VGA port. The NM2160 is a high performance Flat Panel Video Accelerator that integrates in one single chip, 2 Mbytes of high speed DRAM, 24-bit true-color RAMDAC, Graphics/Video Accelerator, Dual Clock Synthesizer, TV-Out support, ZV (Zoomed Video) port, Z-Buffer Data Stripping, PCI Bus Mastering, and a high speed glueless 32-bit PCI 2.1 compliance interface. By integrating the display buffer DRAM and 128-bit graphics/video accelerator, the NM2160 achieves the leading performance in the smallest footprint available. The NM2160 has sufficient bandwidth to perform full-screen, 30fps video acceleration of MPEG, Indeo, Cinepak, and other video playback CODECs. The bandwidth headroom also allows the NM2160 to deliver the highest quality video playback of any notebook graphics solution, without compromising simultaneous graphics performance. Feature summary of the NM2160: 128 Bit Graphics Acceleration High speed BitBLT Engine Color Expansion Accelerated Text Hardware Clipping X - Y Coordinates Addressing Memory Mapped I/O, 3-10 Hardware Functional Overview Bus Mastering Z - Buffer data stripping VGA I/O Relocatable to MMIO Space Video Acceleration Integrated frame buffer for Video and Graphics 16 M Color video in all modes Color Space Conversion (YUV to RGB) Arbitrary video scaling up to 8X ratio Bilinear interpolation and Filtering Video Overlay capability from on/off screen memory Chroma Key Support Independent Brightness Control for Video Window Supports different color depths between video and graphics Supports RGB graphics and video in YUV format in one Integrated frame buffer Memory Support High Speed 2 Mbytes of integrated DRAM 128 bit Memory Interface Bus Support PCI 2.1 compliance Loceal Bus (Zero wait states) 3.3Volts or 5Volts operation EMI Reduction Spread Spectrum Clocking technology for reduced panel EMI Hardware Cursor and Icon Relocatable Hardware Cursor and Icon 64 x 64 Hardware Cursor, Hardware Functional Overview 3-11 64 x 64 or 128 x 128 Hardware Icon Green PC Support VESA Display Power Management (DPMS) DAC Power Down modes Suspend/Standby/Clock management VGA disable support PCI Mobile Computing “clockrun” support Resolution and Color Support VGA: TFT, DSTN, CRT @ 85Hz (640 x 480 256, 64K, 16M) SVGA: TFT, DSTN, CRT @ 85Hz (800 x 600 256, 64K, 16M) XGA: TFT, DSTN, CRT @ 75Hz (1024 x 768 256, 64K Colors) Simultaneous CRT/Flat Panel operation Simultaneous TV/Flat Panel operation Display Enhancements TV Out Support ZV (Zoomed Video) Port 24 Bit Inegrated RAMDAC with Gamma Correction 36 bit panel support Hardware expansion for low-resolution display mode compensation to panels Virtual Screen Panning Support Integrated Dual Clock Synthesizer VESA DDC1 and DDC2b External VGA Capability The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks provide a 15-pin female D-type external VGA con- nector that can be connected to an external video graphics adapter (VGA) type monitor., 3-12 Hardware Functional Overview Another feature of the notebook computer is the ability to auto-sense the display output to both LCD and the external CRT monitor. The notebook provides external resolution of 1024 x 768 by 64K colors for the NEC Versa 2700 Series with 2 MB video memory. The NEC Versa 2700 Series can also provide simultaneous display at 800x600 at 64K colors with the standard VGA DSTN LCD. KEYBOARD SUBSYSTEM The Keyboard Subsystem of the notebook is implemented on the I/O Board and Keyboard Assembly using the Motorola M 38813M4 keyboard controller chip. The NEC Versa 2700 Series keyboard is an 85-key, IBM enhanced-type keyboard with standard characters and function keys plus 12 programmable function keys. The notebook also provides an external PS/2 port for supporting an external PS/2 keyboard or standard DIN-type AT-keyboard. See Section 1 for more information. PCMCIA CONTROLLER AND SOCKETS The PCMCIA controller is implemented on the system board using TI’s PCI-1131 Interface Controller. The TI PCI-1131 is a high-performance PCI-to-PCI Card controller that supports two independent PC Card sockets compliant with the 1995 PC Card standard. The PCI-1131 provides a set of features that make it ideal for bridging between PCI and PC Cards in both notebook and desktop computers. The PCI-1131 supports any combination of 16-bit and CardBus PC Card bus-mastering in its two sockets, powered at 3.3V or 5V, as required. The PCI-1131 is compliant with the PCI local bus specification revision 2.1, and its PCI Interface can act as either a PCI master device or a PCI slave device. The PCI bus mastering is initiated during 16-bit PC Card DMA transfers or CardBus PC Card bus- mastering cycles. All card signals are internally buffered to allow hot insertion and removal without external buffering. The PCI-1131 is register compatible with the Intel 82365SL-DF ExCA controller. The PCI-1131 internal datapath logic allows the host to access 8-, 16-, and 32- bit cards using full 32-bit PCI cycles for maximum performance. Independent 32-bit write buffers allow fast-posted writes to improve system-bus utilization. An advanced CMOS process is used to achieve low system-power consumption while operating at PCI clock rates up to 33 MHz. Several low-power modes allow the host power-management system to further reduce power consumption. Feature summary of the TI PCI-1131: 3.3V Core Logic with Universal PCI Interface Compatible with 3.3V or 5V PCI signaling environments Supports PCI Local Bus Specification 2.1, Hardware Functional Overview 3-13 Mix-and-Match 3.3-V/5-V PC Cards and 3.3-V CardBus Cards Supports two PC Card™ or CardBus Slots with Hot Insertion and Removal 1995 PC Card-Standard Compliant Low-Power Advanced Submicron CMOS technology Uses Serial Interface to Texas Instruments (TI) TPS2206 Dual Power Switch System interrupts can be programmed as PCI-Style of ISA IRQ-Style interrupts ISA IRQ interrupts can be serialized onto a Single IRQSER pin Programmable Output Select for CLCKRUN Supports Burst transfers to maximize data throughput on the PCI and CardBus Bus Multifunction PCI Device with separate configuration spaces for each socket Five PCI Memory Windows and Two I/O Windows available to each PC Card16 Socket Two I/O Windows and Two Memory Windows Available to each CardBus Socket CardBus Memory Windows can be individually selected prefetchable or non- prefetchable Exchangeable Card Architecture (ExCA™)-Compatible registers mapped in Memory or I/O space TI Extension Registers mapped in the PCI Configuration space Intel 82365SL-DF Register compatible Supports 16-bit Distributed Direct Memory Access (DMA) on both PC Card sockets Supports PC/PCI DMA on both PC Card sockets Supports Zoom Video mode Supports Ring Indicate Packaged in 208-pin Thin Plastic Quad Flatpack, 3-14 Hardware Functional Overview HARD DISK SUBSYSTEM The hard disk subsystem, implemented on the system board and on the associated built-in hard disk drive, provides disk storage for all system software and user files. The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook is equipped with a high capacity hard disk drive that provides LBA (Logical Block Addressing) mode support. The I/O subsystem controller, NS PC87338CLJ, provides the IDE controller for the hard disk. The built-in controller can support any industry standard 2.5-inch IDE hard disk drive. Set- ting up the hard disk type is done automatically by the CMOS Setup program. Setup auto- detects the installed hard disk type settings for optimized performance. NOTE: Do not move the notebook when the HDD LED is activated. This protects the hard disk drive from any accidental damage or loss of data. DISKETTE DRIVE SUBSYSTEM The diskette drive subsystem consists of a FDD controller provided by Super I/O PC87338VLG and the built-in diskette disk drive. The diskette disk drive supports standard 3.5-inch; 720 KB and 1.44 MB mini-diskettes. POINTING DEVICE SUBSYSTEM The pointing device subsystem consists of the VersaGlide device on the system Palm Rest cover assembly, and a pre-programmed Mitsubishi M38813M4 micro-controller that inter- faces the mouse device to the system board. An external PS/2 port also supports the use of an external PS/2 compatible mouse which the system automatically detects during system power up and then disables the internal VersaGlide. POWER SUBSYSTEM The Power Subsystem consists of the following major sections: External AC Power Adapter Internal Battery Pack Power Board (on system board) LCD Inverter Board (in LCD Panel Assembly) Power Conservation Logic (part of system board), Hardware Functional Overview 3-15 AC Power Adapter The computer is equipped with a universal AC power adapter that converts AC voltage (90 to 265VAC, 47 to 63Hz) into DC voltage used to operate the notebook and charge the batteries. Internal Battery Pack The NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks utilizes NiMH (Nickel Metal-Hydride) or Li-Ion (Lithium Ion) batteries that provide DC power for the notebook. The NiMH battery pack contains eight size A battery cells that provide the system with 9.6V and the Li-Ion battery pack contains eight size A battery cells that provide the system with 14.4V. When installed in the notebook, the battery LED automatically appears and also starts to recharge whenever the AC adapter is connected to the notebook. Normal charging time for the battery pack is around 2 hours when the computer is turned off while it should take around 4 hours maximum when the computer is running. Power Board The power board receives approximately 12VDC from the battery pack and uses this input voltage to generate +12V, +5V, +3.3V, (+3.45V) regulated output voltages to provide power for all internal notebook board assemblies. The output of the +5V regulator also drives the LCD inverter circuit on the LCD inverter board assembly. Refer to Section 2 for more detailed information. LCD Inverter Board Assembly The LCD Inverter Board Assembly, located in the LCD Panel Assembly, converts the +5VDC input from the Power Board module of the system board into a high voltage AC output used to light the CCFT (Cold-Cathode Fluorescent Tube).,

Section 4 Troubleshooting and Repair

This section focuses on providing you with some information on notebook basic trouble- shooting as well as the BIOS POST error codes and messages. SERVICE INFORMATION NEC service and information telephone numbers are listed in the following table. Table 4-1 NECCSD Service and Information Telephone Numbers Service Call To order NECCSD spare parts In the U.S., call 1(800) 632-4525 To order options in the U.S. Local Sales Office To access the NECCSD Electronic Bulletin 1(978) 635-4706 Board System (BBS) To download files - provides software drivers 1(978) 635-4706 and the latest ROM BIOS NECCSD Customer Service and Technical In the U.S., call 1(800) 632-4525 Support Center NECCSD Customer Assistance Center for In the U.S., call 1(888) 632-9128 customer service, extended warranties, and contracts FaxFlashSM - automated fax service that In the U.S. and Canada, call 1(888) 329- sends the latest information about NEC 0088 products to the fax machine 24 hours a day Outside U.S. 1 (978) 635-6090 TECHNICAL SUPPORT NECCSD Technical Support Center (TSC) provides an E-mail service for Internet users. Technical questions regarding NEC products can be sent over the Internet system to TSC. The Internet address is as follows: email is hidden If it is more convenient, questions may also be faxed to TSC. The fax number is: (978) 635-4100 Along with the complete product name and question(s), be sure to included your name and fax number or Internet address, so that an expert can respond to your question(s)., 4-2 Troubleshooting and Repair It would also be helpful to include your telephone number in case TSC can not get their an- swer to you through the Internet or by fax. TSC replies to all questions received by Internet or fax within one business day. PRODUCT INFORMATION NECCSD FaxFlash is a self-help, automated electronic information service for obtaining up-to-date product application notes, installation procedures, troubleshooting tips, data sheets, technical information bulletins, illustrated parts lists, part numbers, and other infor- mation about your system. Using a fax machine, you can obtain information from FaxFlash 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You simply call the FaxFlash number on your touch-tone telephone and order the information you want by following the voice prompts. FaxFlash will automatically fax the information to you. If you are new to FaxFlash, you should first order one of the following catalogs. Each catalog lists the available documents and their document numbers. Current catalogs include: Catalog 1, Telephone Directory and information about Online Services. Catalog 3, Product specifications, warranty policy, Ultracare guidelines, and sales information. Catalog 5, Pro Serva and Express Server Systems technical support information. Catalog 6, NEC Ready Systems technical support information. Catalog 7, PowerMate Systems technical support information. Catalog 8, NEC Portable Systems (including Versa Notebooks and MobilePro Handheld Personal Computers) technical support information. Technical support information includes BBS and FTP file listings, Illustrated Parts Breakdowns (IPB), part numbers, frequently asked questions (FAQ) lists, and other documents specific to each product. Order information from FaxFlash as follows: 1. Be sure that your fax machine or fax/modem is on. Have the document number ready for the document you want, if you already know the number. 2. From your touch-tone telephone, enter 888-329-0088 (U.S. and Canada only). F or international use, enter the international long-distance access number, the U.S. country code, and the U.S. telephone number (978-635-6090). 3. Listen to the instructions provided by the voice prompts. Press 1 if you do not want an introduction to FaxFlash. Follow the automated in- structions for ordering your document or catalog., Troubleshooting and Repair 4-3 Press 2 if you want an introduction to FaxFlash. Follow the automated instruc- tions for ordering your catalog or document. 4. When prompted, enter your fax number and name. For international use, first enter the international long-distance access number (011), your country code, your area code or city code, then your fax number. The information you requested is automatically sent to your fax machine. Wait for the or- dered document to arrive at your fax machine before calling to order more documents. If FaxFlash attempts to send the second order before the first order is completed, the order may be canceled. After three tries, FaxFlash assumes that your line is busy and terminates any further processing of the order. HELPFUL STARTERS Here are some helpful items to check before troubleshooting the notebook: Is there any external power source connected to the computer? Has the battery been fully charged? Is the computer turned on and the POWER LED activated? Is the LCD display control switch moved to its minimum level? Is the LCD display switched to the external monitor? Are all cables and devices connected properly and securely? Have all needed device drivers been installed properly? Have you checked the AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files for errors? Is the Suspend mode activated (LED Status Bar)? Press the suspend button to wake up the system again., 4-4 Troubleshooting and Repair POWER-ON SELF TEST (POST) This section provides you with the AMI BIOS POST errors and messages summary. Refer to this whenever you encounter error messages or beep codes generated by the computer during startup. POST Messages The following is a summary of the AMI BIOS startup error messages that are displayed on the notebook’s display. These messages will help you to understand many of the notebook’s problems that may be corrected by entering the CMOS SETUP program and checking the original values. Table 4-2 POST Error Messages Message Possible Cause Action D iskette drive A failure T he drive failed or is Check the drive to determine missing. the problem. D iskette read failure - T he diskette is either not Replace the diskette with a press F1 to retry boot, F2 formatted or is defective. bootable diskette and retry. for SETUP utility No display message, The primary video adapter C heck the primary video system will beep when failed. adapter. adapter fails, Gate A20 failure The keyboard controller is C heck the keyboard not accepting command, controller and system board. specifically, the enable Turn the power off, then back and disable A20 on again. If the problem command. persists contact qualified NEC service personnel. Fixed disk configuration The specified Correct the fixed disk error configuration is not configuration. supported or doesn't match the actual hardware installed. Fixed disk controller The fixed disk may be Try rebooting. If that doesn't failure defective. work, replace the fixed disk. Fixed disk read failure- T he fixed disk may be Check the drive type selected press F1 to retry boot, F2 configured incorrectly or is in SETUP. Try rebooting. If for SETUP utility defective. that does not work, replace the fixed disk. P ointer device failure The PS/2-style mouse Try rebooting. If problem failed. persists, check the mouse, it's cable and connector., Troubleshooting and Repair 4-5 T able 4-2 POST Error Messages (cont’d) Message Possible Cause Action No boot device available - Either diskette drive A:, Try rebooting. If the problem press F1 to retry boot, F2 the fixed disk, or both the persists, replace the diskette for SETUP utility diskette and fixed disk are or the fixed disk. defective. No boot sector on fixed T he C: drive is not Format the C: drive and disk - press F1 to retry formatted or is not make it bootable. boot, F2 for SETUP utility bootable. Not a boot diskette - press The diskette in drive A: is R eplace the diskette with a F1 to retry boot, F2 for not formatted as a bootable diskette and try SETUP utility bootable diskette. rebooting. No timer tick interrupt T he timer chip has failed. C heck the system board, Turn the power off, then back on again. If the problem persists, contact qualified service personnel. Shutdown failure E ither the keyboard Check the keyboard controller is not accepting controller and system board. the reset command or the Turn the power off, then back associated reset logic has on again. If the problem failed. persists, contact qualified service personnel. T ime of day not set - run R eal Time Clock is not R un SETUP utility. SETUP program set. T imer 2 failure T he timer chip has failed. C heck the system board. Turn the power off, then back on again. If the problem persists, contact qualified service personnel. F 2 to enter ROM-based I nvalid configuration Y ou must run SETUP utility SETUP information must be and correct configuration changed. information. I nvalid configuration Display adapter is Run the SETUP utility. information - please run configured incorrectly. SETUP M emory size is incorrect. W rong number of diskette drives., 4-6 Troubleshooting and Repair T able 4-2 POST Error Messages (cont’d) Message Possible Cause Action Keyboard clock line failure T he keyboard, the Make sure the keyboard keyboard cable cable and keyboard are connection, or the connected properly. Check keyboard controller is the keyboard controller and defective. the system board. Turn the power off, then back on again. If the problem persists, contact qualified service personnel. K eyboard data line failure T he keyboard controller Check the keyboard firmware has failed. controller and system board. Turn the power off, then back on again. If the problem persists, contact qualified service personnel. K eyboard stuck key failure A key is jammed. Locate the jammed key and fix it. Make sure the keyboard cable and keyboard are connected properly. Turn the power off, then back on again. If the problem persists, contact qualified service personnel. M emory failure at hex- Circuitry associated with Turn the power off, then back value, read hex-value, the memory chips has on again. If the problem expecting hex-value failed. persists, contact qualified service personnel. Unexpected interrupt in H ardware interrupt or NCI Check the timer chip or the protected mode occurred while in interrupt controller on the protected mode. system board. R eal time clock failure The RTC or battery failed. R un SETUP and turn the power off and on. If the problem persists, replace the RTC battery. If the problem remains, contact qualified service personnel. Beep Codes Fatal errors that occur during POST are communicated through a series of beeps. All beep code errors, except beep code 8, are fatal errors and do not allow the system to continue to boot., Troubleshooting and Repair 4-7 If beep codes occur during POST, check the items in the Problem Checklist (at the start of this chapter), verify that all the hardware is set up properly and securely connected, and try rebooting. If you still get a beep code, go to the section “If You Need Assistance” at the end of this chapter. Beep Codes are listed in the table that follows. Table 4-3 Beep Codes N umber of Error D escription Beeps 1 Refresh Failure T he memory refresh circuitry on the motherboard is faulty. 2 Parity Error Parity error in the first 64 KB of memory. 3 Base 64 KB Memory M emory failure in the first 64 KB. Failure 4 Timer Not Operational M emory failure in the first 64 KB of memory or Timer 1 on the motherboard is not functioning. 5 Processor Error T he CPU on the motherboard generated an error. 6 Gate A20 Failure T he keyboard controller may be bad. The BIOS cannot switch to protected mode. 7 Processor Exception The CPU generated an exception Interrupt Error interrupt. 8 Display Memory T he system video adapter is either Read/Write Error missing or its memory is faulty. (This is not a fatal error.) 9 ROM Checksum Error T he ROM checksum value does not match the value encoded in the BIOS. 10 C MOS Shutdown Register T he shutdown register for CMOS RAM Read/Write Error failed. 11 C ache Error/External The external cache is faulty. Cache Bad, 4-8 Troubleshooting and Repair Informational Messages This section lists the messages that provide information to the user but require no action. Table 4-4 BIOS Informational Messages Message Meaning N CH Base Memory T he amount of base memory that tested successfully. N CH Extended T he amount of extended memory that tested successfully. Memory tests terminated by The message indicate that a user pressed the keystroke spacebar while memory tests were running and stopped the memory tests. Press the F1 key to continue T his message indicates that an error was found during POST. Pressing the F1 key allows the system to attempt to reboot. B eginning memory test Press A user can stop the memory tests by pressing the the SPACEBAR to terminate the spacebar. memory test Press the F1 key to continue, F2 This message indicates that an error was found during to run the Setup utility POST. Pressing the F1 key allows the system to attempt to boot. Press F2 allows users to run the ROM-based SETUP utility to correct configuration information., Troubleshooting and Repair 4-9 Run-time Error Messages The following table lists run-time error messages. Table 4-5 Run-time Error Messages Message Cause Action I/O card parity interrupt at M emory on a peripheral card Check the memory cards address. Type (S)hut off has failed. installed in the system. NCI, (R)eboot, other keys to continue Memory parity interrupt at A memory chip(s) on a Replace the memory card. address. Type (S)hut off memory card has failed. Replace the system board. NCI, (R)eboot, other keys to continue U nexpected HW interrupt, Hardware problem. Not C heck all hardware in the interrupt at address. Type displayed if the expected system. (R)eboot, other keys to interrupt handler is not continue enabled. Unexpected SW interrupt, E rror(s) in the software Turn the machine off and interrupt at address. Type program. Not displayed if the then on again. If it doesn’t (R)eboot, other keys to extended interrupt handler is work, check the program. continue not enabled., 4-10 Troubleshooting and Repair QUICK TROUBLESHOOTING This section summarizes problems that may develop during system operation and lists sug- gested corrective actions. Table 4-6 Quick Troubleshooting Problem C orrective Actions No power C heck that the AC adapter is plugged into the power connector of the system. Also, that the AC adapter is plugged into a properly grounded AC power outlet. If using the battery as main power source, check if the battery pack is of the right type, charged and is inserted correctly. Check the power board of the system. Is it inserted into the system board connector properly? Otherwise, replace the power board. D ata on the LCD is unreadable A djust the brightness and contrast display controls found on the right side of the LCD panel. Check if the LCD cables are inserted properly. Check also connections inside the LCD panel. Check if installed VGA driver is correct. Check VGA controller chip on the system board if there is any cold or loose soldering. Replace the system board. LCD screen does not show data C heck the LED Status Bar if Suspend mode is activated. Press any key or press the power button to resume operation and display. Check if LCD cables are disconnected or loose. Check if the display output is switched to the external monitor. Check if the Contrast level is set to minimum. Check if there is power. Check if the SW51 Jumper setting mode is correct. R eplace LCD Inverter board found inside the LCD Panel., Troubleshooting and Repair 4-11 Table 4-6 Quick Troubleshooting (cont’d) Problem C orrective Actions Battery Power does not last M ake sure that the power management features are enabled. Recharge the battery pack for 1½ hour before using again. Replace the battery pack. System halts during boot sequence Check condition of selected bootload device (diskette or hard disk) for bad boot track or incorrect OS files. T ry booting from a new bootable diskette and recopy or repartition hard disk. C heck for any BIOS error messages on the display screen. Replace the system board. I/O processing malfunctions C heck the connections of all internal devices. Replace the system board. Diskette drive does not work C heck if the diskette drive cable is connected properly. C heck the diskette type if correct and not faulty. R eplace the diskette drive. Replace the system board. Hard disk drive malfunction Check if hard disk drive is set properly on CMOS SETUP. C heck the drive cables and connections. Check if the disk drive is good. R eplace the system board. Memory malfunction C heck if the memory module is inserted properly. R eplace the memory module. Replace the system board. External keyboard or PS/2 mouse Check if keyboard or mouse are connected doesn’t work properly. Check Y-cable if it is being used. Power off system first before plugging in the device. R eplace the keyboard or mouse. R eplace the system board., 4-12 Troubleshooting and Repair Table 4-6 Quick Troubleshooting (cont’d) Problem C orrective Actions PCMCIA card does not work Check the PCMCIA driver installation for any IRQ or IO address conflict. Check if the PCMCIA card is inserted properly and all connections are set. Replace the PCMCIA card. Check for work around for the card being used. Replace the system board. Serial device does not work C heck if the serial device is connected properly. Replace the serial device. Check the I/O controller chip on the system board for any cold or loose soldering. Replace the system board. Parallel device does not work C heck if all connections are properly set. Check if the Port is enabled in Setup. Check if external device is turned on. Check I/O controller chip on the system board for any cold or loose soldering. Replace the system board.,

Section 5 Field Service Guidelines

This section contains preventive and corrective maintenance procedures for the NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook computers. The first part of this section describes the computer cleaning procedures and preferred handling procedures for sensitive components (i.e., disk drives, batteries). The second part of this section identifies all field replaceable parts plus the removal and re- placement procedures for these parts. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE Preventive maintenance is limited to cleaning the plastic case, the keyboard, the display screen, and the diskette drive heads as required. NOTE: Remove the battery and disconnect the AC adapter before performing any maintenance. Voltage will be present inside the system unit and LCD even after the system has been turned off. Cleaning the Notebook’s Exterior Use the steps described below to clean the outer surface of the system. 1. Power off the system, remove the primary battery pack, and unplug all cables connected to the system. 2. Wipe the outside of the system unit, keyboard, and display with a soft, clean cloth. Remove any stains with water only. Use glass cleaner to clean the LCD indicator panel. Apply the glass cleaner directly to the cloth and then wipe the LCD indica- tor panel. Do not use solvents or strong, abrasive cleaners on any part of the sys- tem. 3. Clean the keys with a damp cloth. A small, soft-bristle brush may be used to clean between the keys. Make sure to use a damp cloth (not wet) to prevent moisture from seeping between the keyboard and the metal plate, this could possibly dam- age the components under the keys. If the keyboard gets wet, thoroughly dry it before reassembling the system unit., 5-2 Field Service Guidelines Cleaning the Notebook’s Interior When servicing the inside of the notebook to remove dust and other foreign particles pro- ceed as follows: 1. Remove the top cover and palm rest cover using the disassembly procedures dis- cussed later. 2. Dust or vacuum (with a rubber-tipped nozzle) the inside of the system unit, par- ticularly the system board surface. Use care to avoid damaging or dislodging any components or cables. 3. Inspect all cable connectors for damage. Ensure that all connectors are seated properly before replacing the cover. Protecting the Disk Drives To protect the disk drives and data, we recommend that you back up the system disk peri- odically on diskettes. Occasionally use a head-cleaning diskette in the diskette drive to pro- long the life of the drive and to help maintain data integrity. Here are some preventive maintenance tips that we recommend you use when handling the hard disk: Periodically back up the data files from the hard disk. Run a virus detection program to identify possible viruses on the hard disk. Use SCANDISK to correct any errors found in the directory and File Allocation Table (FAT). This will also free up space from any unused sectors. Never turn the computer off when the hard disk is being accessed. Never move or raise the computer while the hard disk is being accessed, impor- tantly don't jar the hard disk, as this may cause a hard disk crash. Use hard disk maintenance programs to reorganize the hard disk by eliminating fragmentation and improving hard disk access time. Handling the Computer Battery Packs The battery packs furnished with the computer require reasonable care and handling to en- sure efficient operation and maximum life. Periodically inspect the battery terminals and the batteries for evidence of corrosion and/or oxide build-up. To ensure that the battery packs endure a normal life cycle, always observe the following precautions when handling the battery packs:, Field Service Guidelines 5-3 Do not drop the battery packs or subject them to excessive shock and vibration. Do not expose the battery packs to direct sunlight, moisture, or chemical com- pounds. Do not disassemble the battery packs. Do not use the battery packs to power other devices. Do not short the battery leads or connect the battery with reversed polarity. Never attempt to charge the battery packs in any way other than as described in this manual and the user’s guide. Always charge the battery packs as soon as possible after a low battery indication. Maintaining the LCD Quality Heat is the most common problem associated with the screen. After a lengthy work session, the typical routine is to shut down the machine and close the cover, but the display surface (no matter what type it is) and the components inside the computer radiate heat. So, when you close the cover, you will then trap this heat up against the screen. Leaving the computer cover open for about ten minutes while the heat disperses eliminates this potentially damag- ing situation. REQUIRED TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT All NEC Versa 2700 Series corrective maintenance procedures can be performed using the following tools: tweezers small plastic pick small flat-blade screwdriver small Phillips screwdriver small Hex-bolt screwdriver. N OTE: All boards, options and peripherals contain components that are sensitive to static electricity. When handling any of these items, protect against static dis-charge by using wrist or ankle grounding straps and grounded working mats. When moving or storing items, use the anti-static bags supplied with the items., 5-4 Field Service Guidelines PARTS REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES This section contains field service-level removal/replacement procedures for the notebook. Refer to the exploded diagram later in this section to identify all relevant parts. The NEC Versa notebook is designed for optimum modularity in order to make field replacement maintenance easy and efficient. Removing/Replacing the Notebook Battery Pack The procedure for removing and replacing the battery pack is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer and close the LCD cover. 2. Slide the battery cover toward the front side of the unit and remove. To remove the battery pack, hold the unit with one hand and with the other hand lift the bat- tery pack out of the bay. 3. To replace the battery pack again, simply set the battery pack into the bay making sure that the connector contacts engage. Then slide the cover back over the bat- tery bay. The battery pack can only be inserted in one direction so there is no danger of improper insertion. Removing/Replacing the Hard Disk Drive Module The procedure for removing and replacing the hard disk drive module is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer. Close the LCD cover and turn the unit over. 2. On the bottom of the system, locate the two (2) screws, toward the front, that hold the palm rest cover in place. Remove the screws and turn the unit back over. 3. Lift open the palm rest cover and the hard disk drive will be located on the right side of the unit. Remove the two (2) screws that secures the hard disk drive module to the system unit. To remove the hard disk drive module, first remove the connector from the system board, then lift the hard disk drive module out. 4. To replace the hard disk drive module, reverse the above procedure., Field Service Guidelines 5-5 Bracket Screw Hard Drive Bracket Screw Drive Cable Connector Figure 5-1 Disconnecting the Hard Drive Assembly Removing/Replacing the CMOS Battery The procedure for removing and replacing the CMOS Battery is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer and close the LCD cover. 2. On the bottom of the system, locate the two (2) screws, toward the front, that hold the palm rest cover in place. Remove the screws and turn the unit back over. 3. Disconnect the hard disk connector cable from its connector on the circuit board. The CMOS battery is underneath the cable. 4. Disconnect the CMOS battery from its connector. Removing/Replacing the Fax/Modem The procedure for removing and replacing the Fax/Modem is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer and close the LCD cover. 2. On the bottom of the system, locate the two (2) screws, toward the front, that hold the palm rest cover in place. Remove the screws and turn the unit back over. 3. Remove the three screws holding the protective cover above the fax/modem. 4. Disconnect the fax/modem connector from its connector on the circuit board., 5-6 Field Service Guidelines Removing/Replacing the Keyboard and LCD Assembly The procedure for removing the keyboard and LCD assembly are as follows: 1. Turn off the computer. Follow all disassembly procedures mentioned from the start of this section. 2. Close the Palm rest cover and turn the unit over. 3. Remove the three (3) screws from the rear of the unit. Then turn the unit back over and open the palm rest cover. 4. Remove the Fax/Modem support bracket from the left front of the open palm rest area. 5. You can now lift the keyboard from the unit. Make sure to disconnect the keyboard cables from the mother board before lifting the keyboard off of the system. 6. You will now be able to see the Heat Plate. To remove the heat plate from the unit, remove the three (3) visible screws and lift the heat plate out of the unit. N OTE: The Heat plate is sitting right up against the CPU, take care that you do not damage the CPU when removing the heat plate. 7. After removing the heat plate you will now be able to finish the final removal of the Keyboard and LCD Assembly by removing the eight (8) screws now visible on the unit. There are two (2) along the left side, two (2) along the lower right edge, and there are four (4) around the CPU module in the center. 8. There are numerous wires and connectors attached to the system board and the LCD assembly. Carefully disconnect all of these cables before completely remov- ing the LCD assembly. 9. To replace the keyboard and LCD assembly, reverse the removal procedures mentioned above. MEMORY UPGRADE PROCEDURE The NEC Versa notebook allows you to install and expand the 16 MB (or 32 MB) system memory via the memory compartment found under the palm rest. Inside the compartment is an extra memory module socket (the lower socket) that can accommodate any standard (1-inch) SO-DIMM 16 MB, 32 MB, or 64 MB SO-DIMM modules. The upper socket can accept 1.75-inch modules as well as 1-inch modules., Field Service Guidelines 5-7 For NEC Versa 2700 Series notebooks, the following memory configurations are applica- ble: T able 5-1 16-MB Memory Configurations Upper Socket L ower Socket T otal Memory 16 MB empty 16 MB16MB 16 MB 32 MB16MB 32 MB 48 MB16MB 64 MB 80 MB T able 5-2 32- MB Memory Configurations U pper Socket L ower Socket T otal Memory32MB empty 32 MB 32 MB 16 MB 48 MB 32 MB 32 MB 64 MB32MB 64 MB 96 MB Table 5-3 64-MB Memory Configurations Upper Socket L ower Socket T otal Memory 64 MB empty 64 MB64MB 16 MB 80 MB 64 MB 32 MB 96 MB 64 MB 64 MB 128 MB To upgrade the memory in the notebook, follow these steps. 1. Make sure the system is powered off and that no peripheral devices are attached. 2. Turn the system over and locate the two screws that secure the palm rest., 5-8 Field Service Guidelines Figure 5-2 Cover screw locations 3. Remove the screws and turn the system over. 4. Open the LCD panel. 5. Slide the palm rest about a half inch towards the front of the system and tilt it back towards the keyboard. 6. Locate the alignment notch on the module. Figure 5-3 Memory module notch locations 7. Locate the memory module sockets. Your system comes with one module already installed in the socket closest to the keyboard. When installing additional memory, use the socket closest to the front of the system., Field Service Guidelines 5-9 Figure 5-4 Memory module sockets 8. Align the notch with the notch in the socket connector and insert the module as follows: Hold the SO-DIMM at a 60-degree angle and align the SO-DIMM connector with the socket in the system. Push the connector into the socket. Press down on the edge of the SO-DIMM until the locking tabs on the sides snap into place, securing the module. 9. Replace the palm rest and screws. 10. Reconnect the AC adapter and insert the battery pack into the computer. 11. Power on the notebook and notice the BIOS error message informing you that the memory amount stored in CMOS does not match the installed memory amount. Press F2 to run the SETUP program and save the new CMOS settings. The com- puter automatically adjusts the memory amount. T o remove a SO-DIMM, press the locking tabs away from the sides of the mod- ule until the module pops up. Then, remove the SO-DIMM., 5-10 Field Service Guidelines NOTE: If the notebook has been configured for save-to-disk, it may be necessary to run HDPREPEZ to re-partition the save-to-disk partition size. The save-to-disk partition must be of a size sufficient to store the contents of the entire memory amount. If the partition is not large enough, a warning message displays at power on. 12. Replace the NEC Versa components as follows. Gently lower the palm rest back into place. Close the LCD panel. Turn the system over and replace the two screws. C AUTION: Replace the two screws snugly. Do not overtighten or the CD-ROM tray may not open. HDPREPEZ Utility The HDPREPEZ utility increases the amount of space reserved on the hard drive for use when the system goes into the Save to File state. You only need to access this utility when you install additional memory that increases your total system memory to more than 48 MB. The following instructions are for Windows 95 only. If you have Windows NT or Windows for Workgroups, see the supplementary documentation that came with your system. Use these steps to run the HDPREPEZ utility. 1. Power off and restart your NEC Versa. 2. At the statement “Starting Windows 95,” press F8. 3. From the Startup menu, select option 6, “Safe Mode Command Prompt Only.” 4. Enter MS-DOS. At the c: prompt, type cd\necutils and press Enter to change to the \necutils directory. 5. Type HDPREPEZ and press Enter. The utility automatically prepares your NEC Versa for the newly installed memory. 6. Power off your system and then power on. A file, large enough to accommodate the new memory capacity, is created on the hard disk., Field Service Guidelines 5-11 Changing Switch Settings Procedure Use the following steps to change switch settings. 1. Make sure that the system power is off and that no peripheral devices are attached to the system. 2. Turn the system over and locate the two screws that secure the palm rest. Figure 5-5 Locating the palm rest screws 3. Remove the screws and turn the system over. 4. Open the LCD panel. 5. Slide the palm rest forward about a half inch and lift it towards the keyboard. 6. Locate the dip switch bank(s). Figure 5-6 Two dip switch banks, 5-12 Field Service Guidelines Figure 5-7 One dip switch bank 7. Using a fine-tipped object, remove the yellow tape (if present) and change the switch settings as follows (the figure that follows shows the factory default set- tings for SW50). ion sit Password Po BIOS Flash

ON

Override Enable Switch Switch n sit io o

FF P O

Figure 5-8 Factory default switch settings (SW50) In the two dip switch bank configuration, access the bank closest to the back of the NEC Versa for BIOS and Password changes (SW50). NOTE: Do not touch the bank closest to the front of the NEC Versa (SW52) unless you are replacing the CPU. This switch should be covered by a protective sealant or yellow tape. For SW50: Set the BIOS Flash Enable to ON to enable the switch and upgrade the BIOS. Set the Password Override Switch to ON to change the password., Field Service Guidelines 5-13 C AUTION: Never use a pencil tip to change switch settings. Residue from the pencil can damage the system. 8. For SW52, use a plastic pick to loosen the sealant and a pair of tweezers to re- move the protective sealing. Then using a fine-tipped object, change the switch settings as follows (the figure that follows shows the factory default settings for SW52). Bank 1 sets the CPU voltage to ON to enable use of the 200MHz or 233MHz processors. Set Bank 1 to OFF for 133MHz, 150MHz, and166MHz proces- sors. Bank 2 is not used. Figure 5-9 Factory default switch settings (SW52) Replace the protective sealant using the instructions in “Seal Replacement Proce- dure” (immediately following this procedure). Sealant Replacement Procedure Use the following steps to seal switch SW52 to prevent accidental changes to the processor type voltage setting. For best results, use a silicone rubber adhesive sealant such as General Electric (GE) RTV 162 (White). This sealant provides the following important features: electronic grade non-corrosive to metal low odor paste-like consistency for ease of use Maximum operating temperature of 500° F (260° C), 5-14 Field Service Guidelines WARNING: Be sure to follow these guidelines before starting this procedure: Remove contact lenses before using the sealant. Wear safety eye protection Use with adequate ventilation Avoid contact with skin. The uncured product may cause skin irritation. 1. Apply a small dab of sealant on to the switch. 2. Wipe off any excess sealant with a cotton swab. 3. Complete any other procedures, then close the palm rest and secure the palm rest screws. SYSTEM BIOS UPGRADE PROCEDURE If you made any changes through the Setup utility, you may want to jot them down. When you update the BIOS, any customized settings you made are lost. After completing the BIOS update, you can then use your notes to reset them to your preferences. Use the following procedure to perform the BIOS update. 1. Make sure that the system is plugged into the AC adapter and AC power and that system power is off. NOTE: Your system must be connected to AC power to perform the BIOS update. 2. Insert the BIOS Update diskette into the diskette drive. 3. Power on the system with the diskette in the diskette drive. The system boots and automatically loads the utility. A message similar to the following appears: FLASH ROM EQUIPPED W ARNING: The BIOS Update Procedure is about to begin, press ENTER to continue. To abort, remove the diskette and reset the unit. 4. Press any key to continue. The utility checks the currently installed BIOS version and the diskette’s BIOS version. The Main Menu appears. 5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the “Display BIOS Version” option on the Main Menu. Use this option to check the currently installed BIOS version and the ver- sion of the new replacement BIOS., Field Service Guidelines 5-15 Press any key to return to the Main Menu. 6. Highlight the “Install New BIOS” option and press Enter. 7. Press Y and then press Enter. After a brief pause, a message appears telling you to remove the diskette from the diskette drive. 8. Remove the diskette and press any key to continue. The utility updates the BIOS. A message appears indicating that your system has been updated and that you should power off your system. 9. Power off your system. The next time you power on your system, you will have the latest NEC Versa 2700 Series BIOS revision level. 10. When the update is complete, follow the instructions in the previous section and reset BIOS Flash Protection switch back to the ON position. 11. Enter Setup to restore the default parameter settings. While you are in Setup, restore any customized settings that you made. Save your changes and exit. Removing/Replacing the CPU Module The procedure for removing the CPU is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer. Follow all disassembly procedures mentioned from the start of this section. 2. The CPU is located at the center rear of the system base assembly under the heat pipe. The system board has been designed to allow the heat generated by the CPU to be released from the system. 3. Gently remove the CPU Module. Avoid damaging the CPU pins by forcing the CPU out of its slot immediately. 4. To replace the CPU, align the module with the socket and plug in the CPU Module. You do not need to remove this part if you are removing/replacing the LCD. N OTE: It is not necessary to remove the CPU when performing normal service on the NEC Versa 2700 Series., 5-16 Field Service Guidelines Removing/Replacing the NEC VersaGlide Assembly The procedure for removing and replacing the VersaGlide is as follows: NOTE: If you plan to continue removing or replacing modules from the notebook you must follow all of the disassembly procedures mentioned at the start of this section. 1. Turn off the computer and follow all disassembly procedures mentioned from the start of this section. 2. Turn the Palm Rest assembly over and locate the VersaGlide assembly. Remove the four (4) screws securing the VersaGlide assembly to the palm rest. 3. To replace the VersaGlide assembly, reverse the removal procedures mentioned above. Make sure to test the VersaGlide before entirely securing it to the top bottom assembly. Removing/Replacing the LED Board The procedure for removing the LED board is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer. Follow all disassembly procedures mentioned from the start of this section. 2. The LED board is located in the center of the Keyboard and LCD assembly unit. This board alerts you to the processes presently in use on the computer. 3. Remove the two screws and lift the board carefully off the assembly. 4. To replace the LED board assembly, reverse the above mentioned procedure. Figure 5-10 The LED Board Module Assembly, Field Service Guidelines 5-17 Removing/Replacing the System Board The system board and the I/O board are assembled together as one unit and must be re- moved from the base unit before being separated from each other. The procedure for re- moving the system board and I/O board is as follows: 1. Turn off the computer. Follow all disassembly procedures mentioned from the start of this section. 2. Remove the three (3) screws from the left rear of the system board and the one small screw from the left front. 3. Using a small wrench or needle nose pliers, remove the port connector screws from the back of the electronic assembly around the Expansion Port and the VGA Port. 4. Gently lift the entire electronic system from the unit. 5. You should now be able to separate the system board from the I/O board. 6. Since the system board is the main unit of the notebook, all of the other boards are connected to this electronic module either by connector or by cable. Special care should be taken when removing this module, so as not to damage any of these connectors and/or cables. I/O Bracket Audio Bracket I/O Board System Board Figure 5-11 The Electronic Module Assembly, 5-18 Field Service Guidelines ILLUSTRATED PARTS BREAKDOWN This section contains the illustrated parts breakdown (IPB) and NEC part numbers for the NEC Versa 2700 Series notebook computer. Table 5-4 lists field-replaceable parts and cor- responding part numbers. Figure 5-12 shows the field-replaceable parts for the NEC Versa 2700 computer. T able 5-4 NEC Versa 2700 Series Field-Replaceable Parts* I tem D escription P art Number 1 16 MB RAM Module - EDO 0 2-30117-01 32 MB RAM Module - EDO 02-30118-10 64 MB RAM Module - EDO 02-30122-00 2 AC Adapter 12-00282-02 3 Power Cord - U.S. 22-30033-03 Power Cord - UK 22-30036-00 Power Cord - Europe 22-30036-01 Power Cord - Japan 22-30036-02 Power Cord - Australia 22-30036-03 4 Keyboard - U.S. 7 1-30368-00 Keyboard - Japan 71-30368-01 5 LCD Status Cover - NEC 8 0-40004-00 6 Versa 2730M/ES Pro Logo Plate 158-032328-006 Versa 2730MT/ES Pro Logo Plate 158-032328-007 Versa 2730MT Logo Plate 158-032328-001 Versa 2760MT/ES Pro Logo Plate 158-032328-008 Versa 2760MT Logo Plate 158-032328-002 Versa 2765MT Logo Plate 158-032328-013 Versa 2770MT Logo Plate 158-032328-009 Versa 2780MT Logo Plate 158-032328-010 Versa 2780X Logo Plate 158-032328-016 Versa 2783MT Logo Plate 158-032328-012 Versa 2785MT Logo Plate 158-032328-011 Versa 2790MT Logo Plate 158-032328-014 Versa 2790MT Logo Plate 158-032328-015 7 12.1” DSTN LCD Assembly - Panasonic 5 6-10119-00 12.1” TFT LCD Assembly - NEC 56-10120-00 8 LED Board Assembly 51-70295-01 9 Fan Assembly 2 1-20088-00 10 T op Cover Assembly (2 pieces) 80-00001-00 11 B attery, Sub-Batt 21-90387-0012VersaGlide Pad Module Assembly 71-20133-00 _ * This data was prepared November 1997. For an up-to-date listing of spare parts, please call FaxFlash (888) 329-0088 (international (978) 635-6090) and order document number 42200313., Field Service Guidelines 5-19 Table 5-4 NEC Versa 2700 Series Field-Replaceable Parts*(cont'd) Item D escription P art Number13Fax/Modem Module Assembly 71-40028-00 14 C PU, 133 MMX - TCP 25-01080-00 CPU, 150 MMX - TCP 25-01080-10 CPU, 166 MMX - TCP 25-01080-20 CPU, 200 Tillamook 25-00655-00 CPU, 233 Tillamook 25-00656-0015System (Mother) Board Assembly 51-70294-00 System (Mother) Board Assembly 51-70294-20 (Versa 2770 and Versa 2780 only) 16Speaker, Sub-Woofer Module 2 1-20090-0017Door, Serial/VGA Ports 80-40006-00 18 D oor, Parallel/PS-2 Ports 8 0-40007-0019Bottom Cover Assembly 8 0-40003-00 20 B attery, RTC-Batt 2 1-90388-00 21 I /O Board Assembly 51-70302-00 I/O Board Assembly (Versa 2770 and 51-70302-10 Versa 2780 only) 221.4 GB HDD 25-00476-01 2.1 GB HDD 25-00476-03 23 B attery, Primary - NiMH 21-90393-01 Battery, Primary - Li-Ion 21-90393-0224FDD Module Assembly 25-00478-0025Battery Cover 80-40008-00 26 1 6X CD-ROM Module Assembly 2 5-00477-00 20X CD-ROM Module Assembly 25-00653-00 2 7* N EC Logo 1 58-032329-000

OPTIONS

28* P ortBar Board Assembly 5 1-70417-00 29* B ottom Cover Assembly, PortBar 24-41098-00 3 0* T op Cover Assembly, PortBar 80-40010-00 * Not shown in IPB figure. _ * This data was prepared November 1997. For an up-to-date listing of spare parts, please call FaxFlash (888) 329-0088 (international (978) 635-6090) and order document number 42200313., 5-20 Field Service Guidelines37468910 10 11 12 13 14 17 20 18 22 19 24 Figure 5-12 NEC Versa 2700 Series Illustrated Parts Breakdown, Field Service Guidelines 5-21 Packaging and Documentation Packaging and documentation part numbers are listed in Table 5-5. Table 5-5 Packaging and Documentation Part Numbers D escription M odel Number NEC Versa 2700 Series User’s Guide 819-200304-001 N EC Versa 2700 Series Service and 819-200313-001 Reference Manual (this guide) Shipping Carton (1 set) 25-01082-10,

Appendix A Video Modes

The NM 2160 VGA chipset supports high-resolution fixed frequency and variable fre- quency analog monitors in interlaced and non-interlaced modes of operation. Digital moni- tor support is also built-in. The tables in this section list all NM 2160 CRT monitor video modes. NOTE: The letter “I” under the Hex Mode column for the succeeding tables denotes Interlaced moni- tors. VGA STANDARD MODES The following table lists VGA standard modes. Table A-1 VGA Standard Modes (Text Mode) H ex No. of T ext F ont P ixel D ot Horiz. Vert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 0 , 11640x259x16 3 60 x 400 28.322 31.57040x258x14 3 20 x 350 25.17540x258x8320 x 200 2 5.175 2, 3 16 80 x 259x16 720 x 400 28.322 31.5 70 80 x 258x14 640 x 350 25.175 80 x 258x8640 x 200 25.175 7 Mono 80 x 259x16 720 x 400 28.322 31.5 70 80 x 259x14 720 x 350 80 x 259x8720 x 350, A-2 Video Modes Table A-2 VGA Standard Modes (Graphics Mode) H ex No. of Text F ont P ixel D ot Horiz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz4440 x 258x8320 x 200 2 5.175 31.5705440 x 258x8320 x 200 2 5.175 31.5706280 x 258x8640 x 200 2 5.175 31.570Table A-3 VGA Standard Modes (Planar Mode) H ex No. of Text F ont Pixel Dot Horiz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz HzD1640x258x8320 x 200 2 5.175 31.570E1680x258x8640 x 200 2 5.175 31.570FMono80x258x14 640 x 350 2 5.175 31.570101680x258x14 640 x 350 2 5.175 31.57011 2 80 x 308x16 640 x 480 2 5.175 31.570121680x308x16 640 x 480 2 5.175 31.570Table A-4 VGA Standard Modes (Packed Pixel Mode) Hex No. of T ext F ont P ixel Dot Horiz. Vert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 13 2 5640x258x8320 x 200 2 5.175 31.5 7 0, Video Modes A-3 VGA EXTENDED MODES The NM 2160 VGA BIOS supports standard VESA and extended modes, listed in the fol- lowing table. Table A-5 VGA Extended Modes (Text Mode) Hex No. of Text Font P ixel Dot H oriz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz6016132 x 258x16 1056 x 400 40.0 3 0.5686116132 x 508x16 1056 x 400 40.0 3 0.568Table A-6 VGA Extended Modes (4-Bit Linear Mode) Hex N o. of Text Font P ixel Dot H oriz. Vert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 201680x308x16 640 x 480 2 5.175 31.5602216100 x 378x16 800 x 600 4 0.0 3 7.5602416128 x 488x16 1024 x 768 65.0 4 8.56024I — — — — 4 4.9 3 5.543Table A-7 VGA Extended Modes (8-Bit Linear Mode) H ex No. of Text F ont P ixel D ot H oriz. Vert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz3025680x308x16 640 x 480 2 5.175 31.56032256 1 00 x 378x16 800 x 600 4 0.0 3 7.56034* 2 56 1 28 x 488x16 1024 x 768 65.0 4 8.56034I — — — — 4 4.9 3 5.543Table A-8 VGA Extended Modes (15-Bit Linear Mode) Hex N o. of Text Font Pixel D ot H oriz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 40 3 2K 80 x 308x16 640 x 480 5 0.350 31.5 6 0, A-4 Video Modes Table A-9 VGA Extended Modes (16-Bit Linear Mode) - 1MB Video Memory Only Hex No. of T ext Font P ixel D ot H oriz. Vert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 41 6 4K 80 x 308x16 640 x 480 5 0.350 31.560Table A-10 VGA Extended Modes (24-Bit Linear Mode) H ex N o. of Text F ont Pixel D ot H oriz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 501680x308x16 640 x 480 6 5.0 2 7.1 5 1.6 Table A-11 VGA Extended Modes (Planar Mode) Hex No. of Text F ont Pixel D ot Horiz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 6A, 70 16 1 00 x 378x16 800x 600 4 0.0 3 8.06072, 7516128 x 488x16 1024 x 768 65.0 4 8.56072, 75I — — — — 4 4.9 3 5.543Table A-12 VGA Extended Modes (Packed Pixel Mode) Hex No. of Text F ont P ixel Dot Horiz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz781680x258x16 640 x 400 2 5.175 31.5707925680x308x16 640 x 480 2 5.175 31.5607C256 1 00 x 378x16 800 x 600 4 0.0 3 7.5607E 2 56 1 28 x 488x16 1024 x 768 65.0 4 8.5607EI — — — — 4 4.9 3 5.5 4 3, Video Modes A-5 VGA HIGH REFRESH MODES The following tables list VGA high refresh modes. Table A-13 VGA High Refresh Modes (Packed Pixel Mode) Hex No. of T ext Font Pixel Dot H oriz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz3025680x308x16 640 x 480 3 1.5 3 7.57532* 2 56 1 00 x 378x16 800 x 600 4 9.5 4 6.975Table A-14 VGA High Refresh Modes (Planar Mode) Hex No. of Text F ont Pixel Dot H oriz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 121680x308x16 640 x 480 3 1.5 3 7.5756A, 70 16 1 00 x 378x16 800 x 600 4 9.5 4 6.975Table A-15 VGA High Refresh Modes (Packed Pixel Mode) Hex N o. of T ext Font Pixel Dot Horiz. V ert. Mode Colors Display Size Resolution Clock Freq. Freq. MHz KHz Hz 79 2 5680x308x16 640 x 480 3 1.5 3 7.5757C* 2 56 1 00 x 378x16 800 x 600 4 9.5 4 6.9 7 5, BATTERY REPLACEMENT A CMOS clock battery in your computer maintains system configuration information. In the event that the battery fails to maintain system configuration information, NEC recommends that you re- place the battery. Have an authorized NEC service representative replace the battery. ! WARNING There is a danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries ac- cording to the manufacturer’s instructions. ! ATTENTION Ilyadanger d’explosion s’ilyareplacement incorrect de la batterie. Remplacer uniquement avec une batterie du même type ou d’un type recommandé par le construc- teur. Mettre au rébut les batteries usagées conformément aux instructions du fabricant. BATTERY DISPOSAL The main battery and CMOS clock battery are made of nickel metal hydride (NiMH). Contact your local waste management officials for other information regarding the environmentally sound collection, recycling, and disposal of the batteries. For additional information on the proper collection or disposal of rechargeable batteries, please call 1-800-8-BATTERY.,

Index

system board, 5-17 A top cover, 5-15 AC adapter VersaGlide, 5-15 connecting, 1-12 Disassembly procedures, 5-4 AC power adapter, 3-15 Diskette drive AC/DC adapter specifications, 2-14, 2-15 standard, 1-11 Diskette drive specifications, 2-11

B

Battery charger specifications, 2-13 E Battery packs Embedded numeric keyboard, 1-8 handling, 5-2 Environmental specifications, 2-20 removing, 1-12 EPROM chip, 3-3 Battery specifications, 2-12 External Battery types, 1-12 keyboard, 1-15 Beep Codes, 4-6 monitor, connecting, 1-16 BIOS, 3-3 VGA, 3-12 updating, 5-14 BIOS informational messages, 4-8 F BIOS Setup utility, 1-18, 3-3 Features, 1-3 Field service guidelines, 5-1 C Field-replaceable parts CD-ROM reader specifications, 2-12 listings, 5-18 Cleaning the notebook Fn keys, 1-8 exterior, 5-1 Functional block diagram, 3-2 interior, 5-2 COM 1, 1-17 H Converter board specifications, 2-7 Hard disk drive CPU, 1-3 protecting, 5-2 removing, 5-15 specifications, 2-12 Hard disk subsystem, 3-14 D HDD LED, 3-14 DC/DC converter specifications, 2-13 Hot key descriptions, 2-19, 2-20 Disassembly battery pack, 5-4 I CMOS battery, 5-5 I/O board specifications, 2-9 CPU, 5-15 Illustrated Parts Breakdown, 5-18 Fax/Modem, 5-5 hard disk drive, 5-4 K I/O board, 5-17 Keyboard, 1-8 Keyboard, 5-6 controller, 3-12 LCD status bar cover, 5-6 specifications, 2-14 LED board, 5-16 required tools, 5-3, Index-2LRLCD cover switch, 1-7 Run-time error messages, 4-9 LCD inverter board, 3-15 LCD quality, maintaining, 5-3 S LED indicator board specifications, 2-9 SCANDISK, 5-2 LED status indicators, 2-11 Sealant for switch protection, 5-13 M Serial mouse, 1-15 Memory Serial port, 1-17 compartment, 1-11 Service information, 4-1 configurations, 1-28, 5-7 Setup utility, 1-18 ROM, 3-6 Shock specifications, 2-21 subsystem, 3-6 Specifications, system, 2-1 upgrading, 5-6 Status indicators, 2-11 Microprocessor, 3-3 Status panel LEDs, 1-7 Model configurations, 1-1 Subsystems, 3-1 Switch settings N procedure and settings, 5-11 NEC service telephone numbers, 4-1 sealant protection, 5-13 NiMH battery, 1-11 System Num lock key, 1-8 configuration diagram, 1-5 features, 1-3 P logic controller, 3-4 Packaging and documentation processor, 3-3 part numbers, 5-21 specifications, 2-1 PC card slot use, 1-13 upgrades, 1-28 Performing the BIOS Update, 5-14 System board specifications, 2-5 PHDisk utility, 5-10 POST Errors, Beep codes, 4-6 T POST messages, 4-4 Technical support, contacting, 4-1 Power Troubleshooting checklist, 4-3 board, 3-15 connector, 1-12 U management modes, 2-17 Updates, BIOS, 5-14 specifications, 2-20 subsystem, 3-14 V switch, 1-7 VersaGlide Power-on self test (POST), 1-18 description, 1-10 Preventive maintenance, 5-1 subsystem, 3-14 PS/2 mouse, 1-15 VGA port, 1-16 Q VESA driver diskette, 1-16 Quick troubleshooting, 4-10 Vibration specifications, 2-21, Index-3

Y

Y-adapter, 1-15]
15

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