Download: Satellite® 2 Model: Satellite ® 1400/1405 Series

Satellite® 1400/1405 Series User’s Guide If you need assistance: InTouch® Center Calling within the United States (800) 457-7777 Calling from outside the United States (949) 859-4273 For more information, see Chapter 9 on page 219 in this guide. TOSHIBA C6616-1002M2 Model: Satellite ® 1400/1405 Series Compact Disk-ReWritable The computer system you purchased may include a Compact Disk- ReWritable (CD-RW), one of the most advanced storage technologies available. As with any new technology, you must read and follow all set-up and usage instructions in the applicable user guides and/or manuals en...
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Satellite®

1400/1405 Series

User’s Guide

If you need assistance: InTouch® Center Calling within the United States (800) 457-7777 Calling from outside the United States (949) 859-4273 For more information, see Chapter 9 on page 219 in this guide. TOSHIBA C6616-1002M2,

Model: Satellite ® 1400/1405 Series Compact Disk-ReWritable

The computer system you purchased may include a Compact Disk- ReWritable (CD-RW), one of the most advanced storage technologies available. As with any new technology, you must read and follow all set-up and usage instructions in the applicable user guides and/or manuals enclosed. If you fail to do so, this product may not function properly and you may lose data or suffer other damage. TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS (“TOSHIBA”), ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DO NOT WARRANT THAT OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR FREE. YOU AGREE THAT TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS SHALL HAVE NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAMAGE TO OR LOSS OF ANY BUSINESS, PROFITS, PROGRAMS, DATA OR REMOVABLE STORAGE MEDIA ARISING OUT OF OR RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY THEREOF.

Protection of Stored Data

For your important data, please make periodic back-up copies of all the data stored on the hard disk or other storage devices as a precaution against possible failures, alteration, or loss of the data. IF YOUR DATA IS ALTERED OR LOST DUE TO ANY TROUBLE, FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION OF THE HARD DISK DRIVE OR OTHER STORAGE DEVICES AND THE DATA CANNOT BE RECOVERED, TOSHIBA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGE OR LOSS OF DATA, OR ANY OTHER DAMAGE RESULTING THEREFROM. WHEN COPYING OR TRANSFERRING YOUR DATA, PLEASE BE SURE TO CONFIRM WHETHER THE DATA HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY COPIED OR TRANSFERRED. TOSHIBA DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY FOR THE FAILURE TO COPY OR TRANSFER THE DATA CORRECTLY.

Critical Applications

The computer you have purchased is not designed for any “critical applications.” “Critical applications” means life support systems, medical applications, connections to implanted medical devices, commercial transportation, nuclear facilities or systems or any other applications where product failure could lead to injury to persons or loss of life or catastrophic property damage. ACCORDINGLY, TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ANY AND ALL LIABILITY, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN ANY CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. IF YOU USE THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN A CRITICAL APPLICATION, YOU, AND NOT TOSHIBA, ASSUME FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUCH USE.

FCC Notice

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: ❖ Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. ❖ Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. ❖ Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. ❖ Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. NOTE: Only peripherals complying with the FCC Class B limits may be attached to this computer. Operation with non-compliant peripherals or peripherals not recommended by Toshiba is likely to result in interference to radio and TV reception. Shielded cables must be used between the external devices and the computer's serial port, parallel port, monitor port, USB port, PS/2® port and microphone jack. Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by Toshiba or parties authorized by Toshiba could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: ❖ This device may not cause harmful interference. ❖ This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation., Contact: Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. 9740 Irvine Blvd. Irvine, CA 92618-1697 (949) 583-3000

Industry Canada Requirement

This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conformé à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

FCC Requirements

The following information is pursuant to FCC CFR 47, Part 68 and refers to internal modems.

Installation

When you are ready to install or use the modem, call your local telephone company and give them the following information: ❖ The telephone number of the line to which you will connect the modem. ❖ The FCC registration number of the modem. ❖ The ringer equivalence number (REN) of the modem, which is 0.6B. The modem connects to the telephone line by means of a standard jack called the USOC RJ11C.

Type of Service

Your modem is designed to be used on standard-device telephone lines. Connection to telephone company-provided coin service (central office implemented systems) is prohibited. Connection to party lines service is subject to State tariffs. If you have any questions about your telephone line, such as how many pieces of equipment you can connect to it, the telephone company will provide this information upon request.

Telephone Company Procedures

The goal of the telephone company is to provide you with the best service it can. In order to do this, it may occasionally be necessary for them to make changes in their equipment, operations or procedures. If these changes might affect your service or the operation of your equipment, the telephone, company will give you notice, in writing, to allow you to make any changes necessary to maintain uninterrupted service.

If Problems Arise

If any of your telephone equipment is not operating properly, you should immediately remove it from your telephone line, as it may cause harm to the telephone network. If the telephone company notes a problem, they may temporarily discontinue service. When practical, they will notify you in advance of this disconnection. If advance notice is not feasible, you will be notified as soon as possible. When you are notified, you will be given the opportunity to correct the problem and informed of your right to file a complaint with the FCC. In the event repairs are ever needed on your modem, they should be performed by Toshiba Corporation, Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. or an authorized representative of Toshiba.

Disconnection

If you should ever decide to permanently disconnect your modem from its present line, please call the telephone company and let them know of this change.

Fax Branding

The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 makes it unlawful to use a computer or other electronic device to send any message via a telephone fax machine unless such message clearly contains in a margin at the top or bottom of each transmitted page or on the first page of the transmission, the date and time it is sent and an identification of the business, other entity or individual sending the message and the telephone number of the sending machine or such business, other entity or individual. In order to program this information into your fax modem, you should complete the setup for your fax software before sending a message.

Instructions for IC CS-03 certified equipment

1 NOTICE: The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational and safety requirements as prescribed in the appropriate Terminal Equipment Technical Requirements document(s). The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s satisfaction. Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection. The customer should be, aware that compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some situations. Repairs to certified equipment should be coordinated by a representative designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user to disconnect the equipment. Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections of the power utility, telephone lines and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas. Caution: Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the appropriate electric inspection authority, or electrician, as appropriate. 2 The user manual of analog equipment must contain the equipment’s Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) and an explanation notice similar to the following: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) of this device can be found on the label affixed to your computer. NOTICE: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) assigned to each terminal device provides an indication of the maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all the devices does not exceed 5. 3 The standard connecting arrangement (telephone jack type) for this equipment is jack type(s): USOC RJ11C.

Wireless Interoperability

The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card products are designed to be interoperable with any wireless LAN product that is based on Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) radio technology, and is compliant to: ❖ The IEEE 802.11 Standard on Wireless LANs (Revision B), as defined and approved by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. ❖ The Wireless Fidelity (Wi-FiTM ) certification as defined by the WECA Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance.,

Wireless LAN and your Health

Wireless LAN products, like other radio devices, emit radio frequency electromagnetic energy. The level of energy emitted by Wireless LAN devices however is far much less than the electromagnetic energy emitted by wireless devices like for example mobile phones. Because Wireless LAN products operate within the guidelines found in radio frequency safety standards and recommendations, Toshiba believes Wireless LAN is safe for use by consumers. These standards and recommendations reflect the consensus of the scientific community and result from deliberations of panels and committees of scientists who continually review and interpret the extensive research literature. In some situations or environments, the use of Wireless LAN may be restricted by the proprietor of the building or responsible representatives of the organization. These situations may for example include: ❖ Using the Wireless LAN equipment on board of airplanes, or ❖ In any other environment where the risk of interference to other devices or services is perceived or identified as harmful. If you are uncertain of the policy that applies on the use of wireless devices in a specific organization or environment (e.g., airports), you are encouraged to ask for authorization to use the Wireless LAN device prior to turning on the equipment.

Regulatory Information

The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card must be installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions as described in the user documentation that comes with the product. This device complies with the following radio frequency and safety standards.

Canada – Industry Canada (IC)

This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of this device.

USA-Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

This device complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules. Operation of the devices in a Wireless LAN System is subject to the following two conditions: ❖ This device may not cause harmful interference. ❖ This device must accept any interference that may cause undesired operation.,

Caution: Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation

The radiated output power of the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card shall be used in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. When using this device in combination with Wireless LAN Outdoor Antenna products, a certain separation distance between antenna and nearby persons has to be kept to ensure RF exposure compliance. The distance between the antennas and the user should not be less than 20.0 cm. Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes with those products for additional information. The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, it is advised to use the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card in such a manner that human contact during normal operation is minimized.

Interference Statement

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy. If not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: ❖ Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. ❖ Increase the distance between the equipment and the receiver. ❖ Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. ❖ Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. Toshiba is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized modification of the devices included with this Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card, or the substitution or attachment of connecting cables and equipment other than specified by Toshiba. The correction of interference caused by such unauthorized modification, substitution or attachment will be the responsibility of the user.,

Approved Countries for use

This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries in Fig.1. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland UK

USA

Fig. 1. Caution: Do not use this equipment except in the countries in Fig.1.

CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, DVD-ROM/CD-RW Safety Instructions

The CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and DVD-ROM/CD-RW drives employ a laser system. To ensure proper use of this product, please read this instruction manual carefully and retain for future reference. Should the unit ever require maintenance, contact an authorized service location. Use of controls, adjustments or the performance of procedures other than those specified may result in hazardous radiation exposure. To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure.,

Location of the required label

(Sample shown below. (Location of the label and manufacturing information may vary.) CAUTION: This appliance contains a laser system and is classified as a “CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT.” To use this model properly, read the instruction manual carefully and keep it for your future reference. In case of any trouble with this model, please contact your nearest “AUTHORIZED service station.” To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure. Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified in the owner’s manual may result in hazardous radiation exposure.

Copyright

This guide is copyrighted by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. with all rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this guide cannot be reproduced in any form without the prior written permission of Toshiba. No patent liability is assumed, however, with respect to the use of the information contained herein. ©2002 by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Export Administration Regulation

This document contains technical data that may be controlled under the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, and may be subject to the approval of the U.S. Department of Commerce prior to export. Any export, directly or indirectly, in contravention of the U.S. Export Administration Regulations is prohibited.,

Notice

The information contained in this manual, including but not limited to any product specifications, is subject to change without notice. TOSHIBA CORPORATION AND TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INC. (TOSHIBA) PROVIDES NO WARRANTY WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARD TO ANY OF THE FOREGOING. TOSHIBA ASSUMES NO LIABILITY FOR ANY DAMAGES INCURRED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM ANY TECHNICAL OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS OR OMISSIONS CONTAINED HEREIN OR FOR DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THE PRODUCT AND THE MANUAL. IN NO EVENT SHALL TOSHIBA BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, WHETHER BASED ON TORT, CONTRACT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS MANUAL OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN OR THE USE THEREOF.

Trademarks

Satellite, Noteworthy, SelectServ, InTouch, and Fn-esse are registered trademarks of Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. and/or Toshiba Corporation. WinDVD is a trademark of InterVideo, Inc. Microsoft, Windows, DirectX, and DirectShow are registered trademarks, and Windows Media is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Dolby - Manufactured by Toshiba under license from Dolby Laboratories/ Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories. PS/2 is a registered trademark of IBM Corporation. Wi-Fi is a trademark of the Wireless Capability Ethernet Alliance. TouchPad is a trademark of Synaptics, Inc. CompuServe is a registered trademark of America Online, Inc. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.,

Computer Disposal Information

This product contains mercury. Disposal of this material may be regulated due to environmental considerations. For disposal, reuse or recycling information, please contact your local government or the Electronic Industries Alliance at www.eiae.org.,

Contents

Introduction ...23 This guide ... 23 Safety icons ... 24 Other icons used... 25 Other documentation ... 25 Service options ... 26 Chapter 1: Finding Your Way Around ... 27 Making sure you have everything ... 27 Front with the display closed ... 27 Back ... 28 Right side... 30 Left side ... 31 Front with the display open... 32 Keyboard indicator lights ... 34 System indicator panel ... 35 CD/DVD control buttons ... 36 Underside ... 37 Chapter 2: Getting Started... 39 Selecting a place to work ... 39, 14 Contents Creating a computer-friendly environment... 39 Keeping yourself comfortable ... 40 Precautions... 43 Setting up your computer ... 44 Setting up your software... 45 Registering your computer with Toshiba ... 46 Adding external devices ... 46 Installing additional memory (optional) ... 47 Connecting a mouse ... 53 Connecting a printer ... 53 Connecting a USB printer... 54 Connecting a parallel printer ... 54 Using external display devices ... 54 Connecting an external monitor ... 55 Directing the display output when you turn on the computer... 55 Enabling different refresh rates ... 56 Adjusting the quality of the external display... 57 Display limitations ... 58 Connecting an external diskette drive... 59 Using an external keyboard... 59 Connecting the AC adapter... 60 Charging the battery ... 62 Using the computer for the first time ... 62 Opening the display panel ... 62 Turning on the power... 63 Activating the power-on password... 65 Using the TouchPad ... 65 Primary and secondary control buttons... 66 Disabling or enabling the TouchPad... 67 Setting up a printer ... 68 Setting up the fax function ... 71 Powering off the computer ... 72 Caring for your computer... 72, Contents 15 Cleaning the computer ... 73 Moving the computer... 73 Using a computer lock ... 73 Chapter 3: Learning the Basics... 75 Computing tips ... 75 Using the keyboard ... 76 Character keys ... 77 Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys ... 77 Function keys... 77 Windows® special keys... 78 Overlay keys... 78 Emulating a full-size keyboard ... 80 TOSHIBA Console button... 80 Starting a program... 81 Saving your work ... 81 Printing your work ... 82 Using diskettes ... 83 Inserting and removing diskettes... 84 Caring for diskettes... 84 Backing up your files ... 85 Copying to a diskette ... 85 Playing a CD or DVD ... 86 Drive components and control buttons... 87 CD/DVD control buttons ... 88 CD/DVD and Digital audio modes ... 89 Inserting a disc ... 90 Playing an audio CD... 92 Playing a DVD ... 93 Viewing the contents of a CD or DVD... 93 Removing a disc with the computer on... 94 Removing a disc with the computer off ... 94 Caring for CDs and DVDs... 95, 16 Contents Using the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunction drive ... 95 Setting up for communications... 96 Connecting the modem... 96 Connecting your computer to a network ... 97 Powering down the computer ... 98 Turn Off or Shut down command... 98 Restart command ... 99 Hibernation command ... 99 Stand by command... 100 Using Turn Off or Shut down ... 100 Turning off or shutting down more quickly ... 101 Starting again after Turn Off or Shut down ... 104 Using Hibernation ... 104 Enabling the Hibernation command ... 104 Going into Hibernation mode ... 105 Going into Hibernation mode more quickly... 106 Starting again from Hibernation... 109 Using Stand by ... 110 Going into Stand by mode more quickly ... 111 Starting again from Stand by ... 114 Chapter 4: Mobile Computing ... 115 Toshiba’s energy-saver design ... 115 Running the computer on battery power ... 115 Using additional batteries ... 116 Battery safety precautions... 116 Maximizing battery life ... 117 Charging batteries... 118 Charging the main battery... 119 Charging the RTC battery... 119 Monitoring battery power ... 120 Determining remaining battery power... 120, Contents 17 Conserving battery power ... 121 What to do when the battery runs low ... 122 Setting battery alarms... 123 Changing the main battery ... 124 Removing the battery from the computer ... 124 Removing the battery from the battery cover. 125 Inserting a charged battery ... 126 Disposing of used batteries safely ... 127 Traveling tips... 128 Chapter 5: Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System . 129 Lesson 1: Exploring the desktop ... 129 Finding your way around the desktop ... 130 Windows® XP file system ... 132 Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together ... 133 Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet ... 136 Lesson 4: Creating a new document ... 137 Lesson 5: Creating a new folder... 139 Lesson 6: Starting programs ... 140 Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows... 142 Using the taskbar ... 143 Minimizing and maximizing windows ... 143 Resizing and moving windows... 144 Lesson 8: Closing programs ... 145 Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts ... 146 Creating a shortcut to the Calculator... 146 Creating a shortcut to the Character Map ... 147 Lesson 10: Changing the screen saver... 149 Lesson 11: Setting the date and time... 151 Lesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop .. 152 Lesson 13: Using System Restore ... 154, 18 Contents Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? ... 155 Windows® XP Help and Support... 155 Using the Windows® XP tour... 157 Lesson 15: Turning off your computer... 158 Chapter 6: Exploring Your Options... 159 Windows® XP special features... 159 Personalizing your desktop... 160 Customizing the taskbar ... 160 Changing desktop and browsing style ... 161 Personalizing individual windows ... 162 Customizing window toolbars... 163 Displaying information about each folder... 164 Using your computer at the office... 166 Exchanging data with another computer... 166 Setting up a direct cable connection ... 166 Setting up for communications... 167 Connecting your computer to a network ... 168 Accessing the wireless modules using your system tray ... 169 An overview of using the Internet ... 170 The Internet ... 170 The World Wide Web ... 170 Internet Service Providers... 171 Connecting to the Internet using a telephone line ... 171 Surfing the Internet... 172 Internet features... 172 Uploading and downloading files from the Internet... 173 Toshiba’s online resources... 173 Exploring video features ... 173 Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television... 174, Contents 19 Playing DVDs ... 175 Exploring audio features ... 175 Recording sounds... 175 Using a microphone... 176 Adjusting recording quality ... 177 Using external speakers or headphones... 177 Using PC Cards... 179 PC Card supporting software ... 179 Inserting PC Cards ... 180 Removing PC Cards ... 181 Hot swapping... 181 Chapter 7: Toshiba Utilities ... 183 TOSHIBA Accessibility ... 183 Fn-esse ... 184 Starting Fn-esse... 185 Assigning a key to a program or document ... 186 Viewing existing key assignments ... 188 Changing or removing existing key assignments ... 188 Hotkey utility ... 188 TOSHIBA Console ... 189 Customize Your Computer ... 190 Network ... 191 Security... 191 Power Management ... 191 TOSHIBA Button Controls ... 194 Toshiba Hardware Setup ... 195 Chapter 8: WinDVD 2000 ... 198 Playing DVDs ... 198 Using the WinDVD toolbar ... 200 Using the WinDVD status bar ... 200 Using the WinDVD control panel... 201, 20 Contents Using the control panel playback buttons ... 202 Maximizing the video window... 204 Using playlists ... 205 Creating playlists ... 205 Loading and playing playlists... 206 Resuming normal playback after using playlists... 206 Customizing WinDVD... 207 Setting general properties... 207 Setting audio properties... 209 Setting display properties ... 210 Customizing the control panel ... 210 Using WinDVD advanced features... 211 Zooming in... 216 Panning... 217 Zooming out ... 217 Adjusting the color balance... 217 Launching an Internet browser from WinDVD ... 218 Getting help ... 218 Exiting WinDVD ... 218 Chapter 9: If Something Goes Wrong ... 219 Problems that are easy to fix ... 219 Problems when you turn on the computer... 221 The Windows® operating system is not working . 222 Using Startup options to fix problems ... 223 Internet problems ... 224 The Windows® XP operating system can help you ... 224 Resolving a hardware conflict ... 225 A plan of action ... 225 Resolving hardware conflicts on your own ... 225 Fixing a problem with Device Manager ... 227 Memory module problems... 228, Contents 21 Power and the batteries ... 229 Keyboard problems... 230 Display problems ... 231 Disk drive problems... 233 DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive problems ... 235 Sound system problems ... 243 PC Card problems... 244 Printer problems... 247 Modem problems... 248 Develop good computing habits ... 248 If you need further assistance... 250 Before you call ... 250 Contacting Toshiba ... 250 Other Toshiba Internet Web sites ... 251 Toshiba’s worldwide offices ... 252 Appendix A: Hot Keys... 255 Volume Mute... 255 Instant password security... 256 Without a password ... 256 With a password ... 256 Power usage mode ... 257 Stand by mode... 258 Hibernation mode ... 259 Display modes ... 260 Display brightness ... 260 Disabling or enabling the TouchPad... 261 Keyboard hot keys ... 261 Appendix B: Power Cable Connectors ... 262 USA and Canada ... 262 United Kingdom ... 262 Australia... 262 Europe ... 262, 22 Contents Appendix C: Video Modes... 263 Your computer’s video modes ... 264 Table 1 Video modes (VGA) ... 264 Table 2 Video modes (XGA) ... 265 Glossary ... 268 Index ... 284,

Introduction

Welcome to the world of powerful and portable multimedia computers! With your new Toshiba notebook computer, your access to information can accompany you wherever you go. Your system comes with either the Microsoft® Windows® XP Home operating system or the Microsoft® Windows® XP Professional operating system. This guide contains information on both operating systems and how they function with your Toshiba computer. For specific information on the software, see the Microsoft booklet that shipped with the computer.

This guide

This guide introduces the computer’s features. You can: ❖ Read the entire guide from beginning to end. ❖ Skim through and stop when a topic interests you. ❖ Use the table of contents and the index to find specific information., 24 IntroductionSafety icons If you are new to computers, or have not used a notebook computer before, read the first couple of chapters to familiarize yourself with the components of the computer and how to turn it on. After that, seek out whatever interests you most.

Safety icons

This manual contains safety instructions that must be observed in order to avoid potential hazards that could result in personal injuries, damage to your equipment, or loss of data. These safety cautions have been classified according to the seriousness of the risk, and the icons highlight these instructions as follows: DANGER: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that could result in death or serious bodily injury if the safety instruction is not observed. WARNING: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that could result in bodily injury if the safety instruction is not observed. CAUTION: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that could result in damage to equipment or property if the safety instruction is not observed. NOTE: This icon indicates information that relates to the safe operation of the equipment or related items., Introduction Other documentation 25

Other icons used

Additional icons highlight other helpful or educational information: TECHNICAL NOTE: This icon highlights technical information about the computer. HINT: This icon denotes helpful hints and tips. DEFINITION: This icon indicates the definition of a term used in the text.

Other documentation

Your computer comes with the following documentation: ❖ An electronic version of the user’s guide. Look for the user’s guide icon on your desktop or in the DOCS folder on the C: drive. ❖ Guides for other programs that may come preinstalled on your computer and for additional programs on your Recovery CDs. ❖ Toshiba Accessories Information, which lists accessories available from Toshiba and explains how to order them. ❖ The Microsoft® Windows® XP documentation, which explains the features of the operating system., 26 IntroductionService options

Service options

Toshiba offers a full line of service options built around its SelectServ® warranty programs. For more information, visit Toshiba’s Web site at toshiba.com. If you have a problem or need to contact Toshiba, see “If Something Goes Wrong” on page 219.,

Chapter 1 Finding Your Way Around

This chapter presents a “grand tour” of your notebook computer. It serves as a reference when you need to locate specific parts of the computer.

Making sure you have everything

Before doing anything else, consult the Quick Start card provided with your system to make sure you received everything. If any items are missing or damaged, notify your dealer immediately. For additional help, see “If you need further assistance” on page 250.

Front with the display closed

Infrared port Display latch System indicator panel CD/DVD control buttons Volume control dial Microphone in jack Headphone out, 28 Finding Your Way AroundBack The infrared port allows cable-free communication with another device, such as a computer or printer, that has a compatible infrared port. The lights on the system indicator panel provide information about various system functions. For a description, see “System indicator panel” on page 35. The volume control dial lets you adjust the loudness of the system speakers. The 3.5 mm headphone out lets you connect stereo headphones or other audio-output devices, such as external speakers. Connecting other devices automatically disables the internal speakers. The 3.5 mm microphone in jack lets you connect an external monaural microphone. The display latch keeps the display panel closed and locked. To open the display panel, slide the display latch to the right and raise the panel. The CD/DVD control buttons allow you to play audio CDs when the computer is turned off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs with the computer turned on. For a description of these controls, see “CD/DVD control buttons” on page 36.

Back

DC-IN USB ports Modem port LAN port Video out Parallel port RGB (monitor) port The DC-IN is where you plug in the AC adapter., Finding Your Way Around Back 29 The LAN port lets you connect the computer to a local area Ether network using a 10/100 Ethernet link. The USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports allow you to connect USB peripherals to your computer. DEFINITION: USB is a peripheral expansion standard that supports a data-transfer rate of up to 12 Mbps for peripherals such as keyboards, pointing devices, and monitors. USB peripherals have a single standard for cabling and connectors. The USB standard allows hot swapping of peripherals. The video out allows you to play DVD audio and video on a projector or TV that accepts audio/video inputs. The parallel port allows you to connect a parallel printer. The RGB (monitor) port allows you to connect an external monitor. The modem port lets you use a RJ11 telephone cable to connect the modem directly to a standard telephone line. For more information, see “Connecting the modem” on page 96., 30 Finding Your Way AroundRight side

Right side

Diskette drive eject button DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive shown DVD-ROM or ManualDiskette eject Security drive LED DVD-ROM/ CD-RW drive LED button lock slot Diskette drive Eject button Wireless antenna LED Wireless antenna on-off switch (For systems with Wi-FiTM) The diskette drive LED (light-emitting diode) glows when the diskette drive is in use. The diskette drive allows diskettes to be accessed. The wireless antenna LED glows when the wireless antenna is in use. The diskette drive eject button enables you to remove diskettes from the drive. The wireless antenna on-off switch turns the computer’s wireless antenna on or off. The DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive enables you to play high-resolution, full-screen videos at up to 30 frames per second. You can also use it to install and run programs from application CD-ROMs and play audio CDs. The DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive LED flashes when the drive is in use. The eject button opens the drive tray when the computer is turned on., Finding Your Way Around Left side 31 The manual eject button enables you to open the drive tray when the computer is off. CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it. Instead, use a slim object such as a straightened paper clip. The security lock slot allows you to attach an optional PORT- Noteworthy® computer lock cable to your computer for securing it to a large, heavy object such as your desk.

Left side

Cooling vents PC Card slots PC Card eject buttons The cooling vents prevent the computer’s central processing unit (CPU) from overheating so that it can continue to perform at its maximum speed. CAUTION: To prevent possible overheating of the CPU, make sure you don’t block the cooling vents. The two stacked PC Card slots support up to two Type II PC Cards, or one Type III PC Card. See “Using PC Cards” on page 179 for more information. The PC Card eject buttons release PC Cards from the corresponding slots., 32 Finding Your Way AroundFront with the display open

Front with the display open

Screen Internet button TOSHIBA Console button Power button Keyboard Speaker indicator lights Speaker Function keys TouchPad Keyboard System indicator panel Palm rest Infrared port CD/DVD control buttons Volume control dial Secondary Headphone out control button Microphone in jack Primary control button This section describes features that are revealed when you open the display panel. For features that are visible when the display panel is closed, see “Front with the display closed” on page 27. The Internet button turns on the computer and launches your default Internet browser. The power button turns the computer on and off. The stereo speakers let you hear sounds, such as system alarms associated with your software, and music from DVD- ROMs and audio CDs. The function keys, when used with the Fn key, activate several different system functions. For more information, see “Hot Keys” on page 255., Finding Your Way Around Front with the display open 33 The TouchPadTM enables you to move the cursor with the stroke of a finger. For more information, see “Using the TouchPad” on page 65. The lights on the system indicator panel provide information about various system functions. For a description of these lights, see “System indicator panel” on page 35. The infrared port allows cable-free communication with another device, such as a computer or printer, that has a compatible infrared port. The volume control dial lets you adjust the loudness of the system speakers. The 3.5 mm headphone out lets you connect stereo headphones or other audio-output devices, such as external speakers. Connecting other devices automatically disables the internal speakers. The 3.5 mm microphone in jack lets you connect an external monaural microphone. The primary control button below the TouchPad acts like the primary button on a mouse. The secondary control button below the TouchPad acts like the secondary button on a mouse. The CD/DVD control buttons allow you to play audio CDs when the computer is turned off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs with the computer turned on. For a description of these controls, see “CD/DVD control buttons” on page 36. The front panel provides a palm rest to assist you in maintaining proper posture while using the computer. The 85-key keyboard provides all the functionality of a full- size keyboard. For more information, see “Using the keyboard” on page 76. The keyboard indicator lights provide information about various keyboard functions. For details, see “Keyboard indicator lights” on page 34., 34 Finding Your Way AroundFront with the display open The TOSHIBA Console button allows quick access to various functions. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 189. The computer’s screen is a liquid crystal display (LCD) that provides clear, sharp images. For more information on your viewing options, see “Video Modes” on page 263, or see “Display modes” on page 260.

Keyboard indicator lights

Cursor control mode light Numeric mode light Caps lock light The cursor control mode light glows green when the cursor control overlay is on. When this light is on, pressing an overlay key moves the cursor in the direction of the arrow printed on the front of the key instead of typing the letter printed on the top of the key. The numeric mode light glows green when the numeric overlay is on. When this light is on, pressing an overlay key types the number printed on the front of the key instead of typing the letter printed on the top of the key. The caps lock light glows when the caps lock function is on. For more information, see “Overlay keys” on page 78., Finding Your Way Around Front with the display open 35

System indicator panel

On/off light Battery light

AC

power Hard disk light drive light Disk/disc activity light The AC power light glows green when the computer is connected to an external power source. The on/off light glows green when the computer is on. The light flashes amber when the computer is in Stand by mode. The battery light indicates the main battery’s current charge. It glows green when the battery is fully charged. It glows amber while the battery is being charged. It does not glow if the external power source is disconnected or if the battery is completely discharged. For more information on determining remaining battery power, see “Monitoring battery power” on page 120. The hard disk drive light flashes green while the hard disk drive is being accessed. The disk/disc activity light flashes green when the diskette drive, the DVD-ROM or the DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive is being accessed. CAUTION: Never turn off the computer while any drive is in use. Doing so may damage the media in use and result in loss of data., 36 Finding Your Way AroundFront with the display open

CD/DVD control buttons

The control buttons on the front of the computer are for playing CDs and DVDs. You can play digital audio files while the computer is turned off. Next track Stop/eject CD/ Play/pause

DVD

mode Previous track Digital audio mode The CD/DVD mode button allows you to play CDs or DVDs in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. The Digital audio mode button allows you to play digital audio files in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. The previous track button returns the disc player to the preceding track on the disc. The play/pause button starts the disc player, or makes the disc player pause if it is currently playing. The stop/eject button stops a disc that is currently playing. Press the button again to eject the disc., Finding Your Way Around Underside 37 The next track button causes the disc player to skip to the following track on the disc. NOTE: If you have set a password for logging onto your system, your computer will start up and you will need to log on before being able to play a CD or DVD.

Underside

*Wi-Fi Mini PCI cover Expansion memory slot cover Modem cover Battery cover Battery release latch Hard disk drive cover *For systems with Wi-Fi The Wi-Fi Mini-PCI cover secures a Wi-Fi Mini-PCI card for wireless networking (*for systems with Wi-Fi). The expansion memory slot cover protects the slots where you insert additional memory. See “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 47 for detailed information. The modem cover protects the built-in modem., 38 Finding Your Way AroundUnderside The battery release latch secures the battery cover to the computer, preventing the battery from dislodging from the computer case. The battery cover provides access to the battery module, which lets you use your computer when a standard electrical outlet is not available. For information about replacing the battery, see “Changing the main battery” on page 124. The hard disk drive cover protects the computer’s hard disk drive.,

Chapter 2 Getting Started

This chapter provides tips for working comfortably, describes how to connect components, and explains what to do the first time you use your notebook computer.

Selecting a place to work

Your computer is portable and designed to be used in a variety of circumstances and locations.

Creating a computer-friendly environment

Place the computer on a flat surface that is large enough for the computer and any other items you need to use, such as a printer. Leave enough space around the computer and other equipment to provide adequate ventilation and prevent overheating. To keep your computer in prime operating condition, protect your work area from: ❖ Dust, moisture, and direct sunlight., 40 Getting StartedSelecting a place to work ❖ Equipment that generates a strong electromagnetic field, such as stereo speakers (other than speakers that are connected to the computer) or speakerphones. ❖ Rapid changes in temperature or humidity and sources of temperature change, such as air conditioner vents or heaters. ❖ Extreme heat, cold, or humidity. ❖ Liquids and corrosive chemicals. CAUTION: If you spill liquid into the computer, turn it off, unplug it from the AC power source, and let it dry out completely before turning it on again. If the computer does not operate correctly after you turn it back on, contact a Toshiba authorized service provider.

Keeping yourself comfortable

Strain and stress injuries are becoming more common as people spend more time using their computers. With a little care and proper use of the equipment, you can work comfortably throughout the day. This section provides hints on avoiding strain and stress injuries. For more information, consult books on ergonomics, repetitive-strain injury, and repetitive-stress syndrome.

Placement of the computer

Proper placement of the computer and external devices is important to avoid stress-related injuries. ❖ Place the computer on a flat surface at a comfortable height and distance. You should be able to type without twisting your torso or neck, and look at the screen without slouching., Getting Started Selecting a place to work 41 ❖ If you are using an external monitor, the top of the display should be no higher than eye level. ❖ If you use a paper holder, set it at about the same height and distance as the screen.

Seating and posture

When using your computer, maintain good posture with your body relaxed and your weight distributed evenly. Proper seating is a primary factor in reducing work strain. Some people find a backless chair more comfortable than a conventional chair. Below eye level Approximately 90-degree angles Footrest Correct posture and positioning of the computer Whichever type you choose, use the following guidelines to adjust your chair for maximum computing comfort. ❖ Position your chair so that the keyboard is at or slightly below the level of your elbow. You should be able to type comfortably with your shoulders relaxed and your forearms parallel to the floor. If you are using a conventional chair: ❖ Your knees should be slightly higher than your hips. If necessary, use a footrest to raise the level of your knees and ease the pressure on the back of your thighs., 42 Getting StartedSelecting a place to work ❖ Adjust the back of your chair so that it supports the lower curve of your spine. If necessary, use a cushion to provide extra back support. Lower-back-support cushions are available at many office supply stores. ❖ Sit with your back straight so that your knees, hips, and elbows form approximately 90-degree angles when you work. Do not slump forward or lean back too far.

Lighting

Proper lighting can improve the visibility of the display and reduce eyestrain. ❖ Position the display panel or external monitor so that sunlight or bright indoor lighting does not reflect off the screen. Use tinted windows or shades to reduce glare. ❖ Avoid placing your computer in front of a bright light that could shine directly in your eyes. ❖ If possible, use soft, indirect lighting in your computer work area.

Arms and wrists

❖ Avoid bending, arching, or twisting your wrists. Keep them in a relaxed, neutral position while typing. ❖ Exercise your hands, wrists, and arms to improve circulation. WARNING: Using the computer keyboard incorrectly may result in discomfort and possible injury. If your hands, wrists, and/or arms bother you while typing, stop using the computer and rest. If the discomfort persists, consult a physician., Getting Started Selecting a place to work 43

Work habits

The key to avoiding discomfort or injury from strain is to vary your activities. If possible, schedule a variety of tasks into your working day. Finding ways to break up the routine can reduce stress and improve your efficiency. ❖ Take frequent breaks to change position, stretch your muscles, and relieve your eyes. A break of two or three minutes every half-hour is more effective than a long break after several hours. ❖ Avoid performing repetitive activities for long periods. Intersperse such activities with other tasks. ❖ Focusing your eyes on your computer screen for long periods can cause eyestrain. Look away from the computer frequently and focus your eyes on a distant object for at least 30 seconds.

Precautions

Your notebook computer is designed to provide optimum safety and ease of use, and to withstand the rigors of travel. You should observe certain precautions to further reduce the risk of personal injury or damage to the computer. ❖ Avoid prolonged physical contact with the underside of the computer. If the computer is used for long periods, its case can become very warm. While the temperature may not feel too hot to the touch, if you maintain physical contact with the computer for a long time (if you rest the computer on your lap, for example), your skin might suffer low-heat injury. ❖ Never apply heavy pressure to the computer or subject it to sharp impacts. Excessive pressure or impact can damage computer components or otherwise cause your computer to malfunction., 44 Getting StartedSetting up your computer ❖ Some PC Cards can become hot with prolonged use. If two cards are installed, both can become hot even if only one is being used. Overheating of a PC Card can result in errors or instability in its operation. Be careful when you remove a PC Card that has been used for a long period. ❖ Avoid spilling liquids into the computer’s keyboard. If you do spill a liquid that gets into the keyboard, turn off the computer immediately. Leave the computer turned off overnight to let it dry out before you use it again. ❖ Never turn off the computer if a drive-in-use light indicates a drive is active. Turning off the computer while it is reading from or writing to a disk may damage the disk, the drive, or both. ❖ Keep the computer and disks away from objects that generate strong magnetic fields, such as large stereo speakers. Information on diskettes is stored magnetically. Placing a magnet too close to a diskette can erase important files. ❖ Scan all new files for viruses. This precaution is especially important for files you receive via diskette, CD-ROM or DVD discs, email, or download from the Internet. Occasionally, even new programs you buy from a supplier may contain a computer virus. You’ll need a special program to check for viruses. Ask your dealer or network administrator to help you.

Setting up your computer

Your computer contains a rechargeable high-capacity battery that needs to be charged before you can use it., Getting Started Setting up your computer 45 To use external power or to charge the battery, you must attach the AC adapter. See “Connecting the AC adapter” on page 60.

Setting up your software

The first time you turn on your computer, the Setup Wizard guides you through steps to set up your software. 1 From the welcome screen, click Next to enter the Setup Wizard. 2 Confirm acceptance of Microsoft’s End User License Agreement and click Next. 3 Enter the computer name and description and click Next or Skip. The computer will pause for a moment while checking for an internet connection. A window will display the message: “An Internet connection could not be chosen.” 4 Click Skip to exit the process or Next to continue. NOTE: To register online, your computer’s modem must be connected to a voice-grade telephone line. A window will display asking if you wish to register with Toshiba and Microsoft. 5 Click Yes to register, or No to exit the process. NOTE: If you click No, you may register with Toshiba by clicking the Register with Toshiba icon on the desktop. 6 Enter you personal information in the registration window., 46 Getting StartedSetting up your computer 7 Enter your name and click Finish to complete the process. Your computer restarts automatically.

Registering your computer with Toshiba

Registering your computer lets Toshiba keep you up-to-date with information about new products and upgrades, and also extends your Toshiba warranty worldwide at no charge to you. You can register your computer with Toshiba by double- clicking the icon on your desktop or by mailing the registration card that may ship with your computer. NOTE: To register online, your computer’s modem must be connected to a voice-grade telephone line.

Completing installation

Upon completion, you will be prompted to click Finish to restart your computer.

Adding external devices

NOTE: Before adding external devices, Toshiba recommends setting up your software first. See “Setting up your software” on page 45. Before starting to use your computer, you may also want to: ❖ Add more memory (see “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 47) ❖ Connect a mouse (see “Connecting a mouse” on page 53) ❖ Connect a full-size keyboard (see “Using an external keyboard” on page 59), Getting Started Installing additional memory (optional) 47 ❖ Connect an external monitor (see “Using external display devices” on page 54) ❖ Connect a local printer (see “Connecting a printer” on page 53) ❖ Install PC Cards (see “Using PC Cards” on page 179)

Installing additional memory (optional)

CAUTION: Before you install or remove a memory module, turn off the computer using the Start menu. If you install or remove a memory module while the computer is in Stand by or Hibernation mode, data will be lost. A memory module must be installed in slot A. Do not try to operate the computer with a memory module in slot B only. If you install a memory module that is incompatible with the computer, a beep will sound when you turn on the computer. If the module is installed in slot A, there will be a long beep followed by a short beep. If the module is in slot B, there will be a long beep followed by two short beeps. In this case, turn off the computer and remove the incompatible module. Your computer comes with enough memory to run most of today’s popular applications. You may want to increase the computer’s memory if you use complex software or process large amounts of data. Additional memory comes in 128 MB, 256 MB and 512 MB modules. There are two memory slots. Your system may have both slots occupied. NOTE: Slot A is the slot with a memory module when you first purchase your computer., 48 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional) CAUTION: If you use the computer for a long time, the memory modules will become hot. If this happens, let the modules cool to room temperature before you replace them. CAUTION: Do not try to install a memory module under the following conditions. You can damage the computer and the module. 1. The computer is turned on. 2. The computer was shut down using Stand by mode. 3. Power to the DVD-ROM drive has been turned on. CAUTION: Do not install or remove a memory module while the DVD-ROM drive power is on. 1 If the computer is on, turn it off. See “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 98. 2 Unplug and remove any cables connected to the computer. 3 Close the display panel and turn the computer upside down., Getting Started Installing additional memory (optional) 49 Expansion memory slot cover Underside of the computer NOTE: Use a point size 0 Phillips screwdriver. 4 Locate the expansion memory slot cover and remove the screw that secures the cover. Removing the expansion memory slot cover screw, 50 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional) 5 Using your finger or a narrow object, lift off the cover. 6 Put the screw and the cover in a safe place so that you can retrieve them later. CAUTIONS: Static electricity can damage the memory module. Before you handle the module, touch a grounded metal surface to discharge any static electricity you may have built up. To avoid damaging the memory module, be careful not to touch its gold connector bar (on the side you insert into the computer). 7 Remove the new memory module from its antistatic packaging. 8 Holding the memory module by its edges so that the gold connector bar faces the slot, fit the module into the slot at about a 45-degree angle. 9 Gently press down on the memory module connector until the clips snap into place. Do not force the module into position. The memory module should be level when secured in place., Getting Started Installing additional memory (optional) 51 Inserting the memory module CAUTION: Avoid touching the connectors on the memory module or on the computer. Grease or dust on the connectors may cause memory access problems. 10 Replace the memory slot cover. 11 Replace the screw and tighten it. 12 Turn the computer over and reconnect any cables you removed. You can now continue setting up the computer. When the operating system has loaded, you can verify that the computer has recognized the additional memory. If you are adding extra memory after setting up the computer, verify that the computer has recognized it correctly as described in “Checking total memory” on page 53., 52 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional)

Removing a memory module

CAUTION: If you use the computer for a long time, the memory modules will become hot. If this happens, let the modules cool to room temperature before you replace them. 1 Follow steps 1 through 6 in “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 47. CAUTIONS: Do not try to remove a memory module with the computer turned on. You can damage the computer and the device. Do not remove the memory module while the computer is in Stand by mode. The computer could hang up the next time you turn it on and data in memory will be lost. In either of the above cases, the Stand by configuration will not be saved. The following message appears when you turn on the power: Warning: Resume Failure Press Any Key To Continue If the computer hangs up when you turn it on, perform the following: Press the power button and hold it down for five seconds, then turn the power on again. 2 Push the latches to the outside to release the module. A spring will force one end of the module up. 3 Gently pull the module out. CAUTION: Avoid touching the connectors on the memory module or on the computer. Grease or dust on the connectors may cause memory access problems., Getting Started Connecting a mouse 53 4 Complete the procedure by following steps 10 through 12 in “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 47.

Checking total memory

When you add or remove memory, you can check that the computer has recognized the change. To do this: 1 Click Start, Control Panel 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Click System. 4 The General tab view automatically appears and shows the recognized memory. 5 If the computer does not recognize the memory configuration, turn off the computer, remove the memory slot cover, and make sure the memory module is seated properly, as described in step 11 of “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 47.

Connecting a mouse

You may want to use a mouse instead of the TouchPad, the computer’s built-in pointing device. To connect a mouse, plug the mouse cable into one of the computer’s USB ports. You can connect it after you turn on the computer. The operating system automatically detects the mouse. The mouse and TouchPad can be used at the same time.

Connecting a printer

You can connect a USB-compatible printer to your computer through the USB ports. You can connect a USB printer after you turn on the computer., 54 Getting StartedUsing external display devices Alternatively, you can connect a parallel printer to the computer’s parallel port. You should do this before you turn on the computer.

Connecting a USB printer

To achieve the connection, you need a suitable USB cable, which may come with your printer. Otherwise, you can purchase one from a computer or electronics store. NOTE: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for connecting a USB printer to your computer.

Connecting a parallel printer

To achieve the connection, you need a suitable cable, which may come with your parallel printer. Otherwise, you can purchase one from a computer or electronics store. NOTE: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for connecting a parallel printer to your computer.

Using external display devices

Your computer comes with a built-in LCD display, but you can easily attach an external monitor or television to your computer if you need a larger screen. Once you’ve connected an external display device, you can choose to use the internal display only, the external device only, or both simultaneously. Connecting an external monitor is described below. For details of connecting other external video devices and setting display options, see “Exploring video features” on page 173., Getting Started Using external display devices 55 For information on attaching a television to your computer, see “Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television” on page 174.

Connecting an external monitor

You must attach the monitor before you turn on the computer. 1 Connect the monitor’s video cable to the RGB (monitor) port. 2 Connect the monitor’s power cable to a live electrical outlet. 3 Turn on the external monitor. 4 Turn on the computer. 5 Set the display mode by pressing Fn + F5, or by setting the Display Properties settings.

Directing the display output when you turn on the computer

Once you’ve connected an external display device, you can choose to use the internal display only, the external device only, or both simultaneously. The quickest way to change the display output settings is to use the display hot key (Fn + F5). 1 While holding down Fn, press F5 repeatedly until the setting you want takes effect. This hot key cycles through the display output settings in the following order: ❖ Built-in display panel only ❖ Built-in display panel and external monitor simultaneously ❖ External monitor only ❖ Built-in display panel and external video device simultaneously See “Enabling different refresh rates” on page 56., 56 Getting StartedUsing external display devices ❖ Other external video device only 2 Release the Fn key. TECHNICAL NOTE: You can also change these settings using the Display Properties box in the Control Panel.

Enabling different refresh rates

To include the ability to use the built-in display panel and external video device simultaneously among your display output options, you must first enable different refresh rates: 1 Right-click the desktop and click Properties. The Display Properties window opens. 2 Click the Settings tab. 3 Click the Advanced button. 4 Click the Display Device tab., Getting Started Using external display devices 57 Sample Multiple Monitors window 5 Click the Enable Different Refresh Rate button. 6 Click OK. NOTE: To use the built-in display panel and external video device simultaneously, you must change the color depth setting to 16 bits. The setting is not available if the color depth setting is 32 bits. Refer to the Settings tab in the Display Properties window.

Adjusting the quality of the external display

To obtain the best picture quality from your external display device, you may need to adjust the video settings. See the, 58 Getting StartedUsing external display devices documentation supplied with the device for additional configuration steps. TECHNICAL NOTE: In order to use the simultaneous mode, you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to match the resolution of the external display device. The external display device must support a resolution of 640 X 480 or higher.

Display limitations

Keep in mind that the quality of the display will be limited to the capabilities of the external video device. ❖ If the external video device, such as an SVGA monitor, is capable of displaying at a maximum resolution of 640 x 480 and your system is set for a higher resolution, only part of the desktop will appear on the screen. You can view the “lost” area by scrolling to it. ❖ If you use the display hot key (Fn + F5) to change the display output with the LCD Display Stretch option enabled and the Display area (resolution) set to 640 x 480 or 800 x 600, the image on the internal display panel may appear stretched., Getting Started Connecting an external diskette drive 59

Connecting an external diskette drive

Although your computer has an internal diskette drive, you can attach an external diskette drive to use diskettes with your computer. These drives hold 3.5-inch diskettes. Sample external USB diskette drive To connect an external USB diskette drive, connect the drive’s cable to one of the computer’s USB ports. For more information about diskettes, see “Using diskettes” on page 83.

Using an external keyboard

If you prefer to use a full-size keyboard, you can attach one to your computer provided that the keyboard is USB- compatible. To connect a keyboard, attach its cable to one of the computer’s USB ports. You can do this after you turn on the computer. NOTE: The Fn emulation key is not supported when using a USB keyboard., 60 Getting StartedConnecting the AC adapter

Connecting the AC adapter

The AC adapter enables you to power the computer from an AC outlet and to charge the computer’s batteries. The AC power light on the computer glows when the device is plugged in. Power cable AC adapter Power cable and AC adapter To connect AC power to the computer: 1 Connect the power cable to the AC adapter. Connecting the power cable to the AC adapter 2 Plug the AC adapter into the DC-IN on the back of the computer., Getting Started Connecting the AC adapter 61 Connecting the AC adapter to the computer 3 Connect the power cable to a live electrical outlet. The AC power and battery lights glow. DANGER: Damaged power cables can cause fire or electric shock. Never modify, forcibly bend, place heavy objects on top of, or apply heat to the power cable. If the power cable becomes damaged or the plug overheats, dis- continue use. There is a risk of electric shock. Never remove the power plug from the outlet with wet hands. Doing so may cause an electric shock. CAUTION: Using the wrong AC adapter could damage your computer. Toshiba assumes no liability for any damage in such cases. Never pull directly on the power cable to unplug it. Hold the power plug when removing the cable from the outlet., 62 Getting StartedCharging the battery

Charging the battery

Before you can use the battery to power the computer, you must charge it. Connect the computer to a live power outlet using the AC adapter and power cable. The on/off light glows green and the battery light glows amber to show that it is charging. Once the computer is connected to a power outlet, you can charge the battery with the computer turned off or on. It takes several hours to charge the battery when the computer is off. It takes much longer to charge the battery when the computer is on. The less power the computer is consuming, the faster the battery will charge. For more information on battery use, see “Running the computer on battery power” on page 115. CAUTION: Once the battery is charged for the first time, avoid leaving the computer plugged in and turned off for more than a few hours at a time. Continuing to charge a fully charged battery can damage the battery.

Using the computer for the first time Opening the display panel

Slide the display latch to the right and lift the display panel., Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 63 Lift Slide Opening the display panel CAUTION: To avoid damaging the display panel, don’t force it beyond the point where it moves easily. Never lift or move the computer using the display panel.

Turning on the power

1 Check that all the drives are empty. On 2 Turn on the computer by pressing the power button located above the keyboard., 64 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time Pressing the power button NOTE: When you turn on the computer for the first time, don’t turn off the power again until the operating system has loaded completely. The AC power light glows when the computer is connected to an external power source. The battery light: ❖ Glows amber while the battery is being charged. ❖ Glows green when the battery is fully charged. ❖ Is unlit when the computer is not connected to an external power source. For information on determining battery power, see “Monitoring battery power” on page 120. The hard disk drive light flashes to indicate that the hard disk drive is currently in use. CAUTION: Never turn off the computer while any drive is in use., Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 65

Activating the power-on password

When you first turn on your computer, no password is required. But you can set up your computer so that a password is required to complete the powering up process in the future. To activate the power-on password: 1 Press the TOSHIBA Console button. The TOSHIBA Console window appears. For more information see “TOSHIBA Console” on page 189. 2 Click Security. 3 Click User password. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions. The password requirement becomes active the next time you turn on your computer. When the feature is active, you must enter the password during the power-on process. After typing your password, press the Enter key. If the password is correct, the power-on process continues. If the password is incorrect, you will be prompted to try again. NOTE: If you forget your power-on password and therefore can’t turn on your computer, take your computer to a Toshiba authorized service center for help. After the third incorrect password submission, the system automatically shuts down.

Using the TouchPad

The TouchPad, the small, smooth square cutout located in front of the keyboard, is sensitive to touch and enables you to, 66 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time move the cursor with the stroke of a finger. Simply move your finger on the TouchPad in the direction you’d like to move the cursor: ❖ To move the cursor to the top of the page, slide your finger forward on the TouchPad. ❖ To move the cursor to the bottom of the page, slide your finger toward yourself. ❖ To move the cursor to the right side of the page, slide your finger across the TouchPad from left to right. ❖ To move it to the left side, slide your finger from right to left. NOTE: Because the TouchPad is much smaller than the display screen, moving your cursor across the screen often means having to move your finger several times across the TouchPad in the preferred direction. Once you’ve positioned your cursor, you can select an object on the display screen by double-tapping the TouchPad or clicking the control buttons. For more on the TouchPad, see “Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together” on page 133. You can disable or enable the TouchPad. See “Disabling or enabling the TouchPad” on page 67.

Primary and secondary control buttons

The control buttons are below the TouchPad and are used like the buttons on a mouse. The primary control button is the button on the left and corresponds to the left mouse button. To double-click, press the primary button twice in rapid succession. The secondary control button is the button on the right and corresponds to the right mouse button. Check your program’s, Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 67 documentation to find whether it uses the secondary mouse button. For more on the primary and secondary control buttons, see “Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together” on page 133.

Disabling or enabling the TouchPad

The TouchPad is enabled by default. To change the enable/ disable TouchPad setting: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Printers and Other Hardware. 3 Click Mouse Properties. The Mouse Properties window appears. 4 Click the TouchPAD ON/OFF tab. The TouchPAD ON/OFF tab view window appears., 68 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time Sample Mouse Properties window 5 Select Disable or Enable, whichever is appropriate. 6 Click Apply. 7 Click OK. The Mouse Properties window closes. 8 Close the Printers and Other Hardware window. 9 Close the Control Panel window. You can also use a hot key to disable or enable the TouchPad. See “Disabling or enabling the TouchPad” on page 261.

Setting up a printer

If your printer has not been detected automatically, you must install the printer driver for the model of printer that is connected to your computer. You install the printer driver, Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 69 either by following the instructions indicated in your printer guide, or by using the operating system’s Add Printer Wizard. If you plan to set up a printer later, close or cancel the Add Printer Wizard.

Using the Add Printer Wizard

The Add Printer Wizard may be needed by older printers or printers shared on a network. To set up a printer with the Add Printer Wizard: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel appears. Sample Control Panel 2 Click Printers and Other Hardware., 70 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time 3 Click Printers and Faxes. The Printers and Faxes window appears. Sample Printers and Faxes window 4 Click Add a printer. The Add Printer Wizard window appears. Sample Add Printer Wizard, Getting Started Setting up the fax function 71 5 Follow the on-screen instructions. HINT: If you are using more than one printer, make sure the name is descriptive enough to help you tell the difference.

Setting up the fax function

Your system’s auto-receive fax function default setting is disabled. First, you must first set up the fax capability. 1 Click Start, Printers and Faxes. The Printers and Faxes window appears. 2 Click the Set up faxing option. 3 Follow the on-screen instructions. Then you can enable the fax function: 1 Click Start, Printers and Faxes. 2 Right-click the fax icon. 3 Click Properties from the drop-down menu. 4 Click the Device tab. 5 Under the device name, right-click Toshiba Soft Modem AMR, highlight Receive and click the Auto option. To disable the auto-receive function, repeat steps 1-4. But, under the device name, right-click Toshiba Soft Modem AMR, highlight Receive and click the Disable option., 72 Getting StartedPowering off the computer

Powering off the computer

It’s a good idea to power off your computer when you are not using it for a while. If you are using the computer for the first time, leave the computer plugged into a power source (even though the computer is off) to fully charge the main battery. When the main battery light glows green, the battery is fully charged. Guidelines for powering off the computer: ❖ If you have work in progress and if you are not connected to a network, use the Hibernate command to save your system settings to the hard disk so that, when you turn on the computer again, you automatically return to where you left off. ❖ To leave the computer off for a longer period, power down the computer. The Windows® XP operating system uses the Shut down command to power down the computer if you are connected to a Windows® network server (domain server) or the Turn Off command if you are not. ❖ When the hard disk drive light on the system indicator panel is on, don’t turn off the power. Doing so may damage your hard disk. For more information, see “Powering down the computer” on page 98.

Caring for your computer

This section gives tips on cleaning and moving your computer, and explains how to fit an antitheft lock. For information about taking care of your computer’s battery, see “Running the computer on battery power” on page 115., Getting Started Caring for your computer 73

Cleaning the computer

To keep your computer clean, gently wipe the display panel and exterior case with a lightly dampened cloth. Ask your Toshiba dealer or network administrator for suggestions for appropriate cleaning products. CAUTION: Keep liquid, including cleaning fluid, out of the computer’s keyboard, speaker grille, and other openings. Never spray cleaner directly onto the computer. Never use harsh or caustic chemical products to clean the computer.

Moving the computer

Before moving your computer, even across the room, make sure all disk activity has ended (the drive-in-use lights stop glowing) and all external peripheral cables are disconnected. CAUTION: Never pick up the computer by its display panel or by the back (where the ports are located). Although your notebook computer is built to withstand reasonable shock and vibration, transport it in a carrying case for long trips. You can purchase a carrying case from your Toshiba dealer or through Toshiba’s Web site at toshiba.com.

Using a computer lock

You may want to secure your computer to a heavy object such as your desk. The easiest way to do this is to purchase an optional PORT-Noteworthy computer lock cable., 74 Getting StartedCaring for your computer PORT-Noteworthy computer lock cable To secure the computer: 1 Loop the cable through or around some part of a heavy object. Make sure there is no way for a potential thief to slip the cable off the object. 2 Pass the locking end through the loop. 3 Insert the cable’s locking end into the security lock slot located on the right side of the computer, then rotate the key a quarter turn and remove it. The computer is now securely locked to deter computer theft. Locking the computer,

Chapter 3 Learning the Basics

This chapter lists some computing tips and provides important information about basic features.

Computing tips

❖ Save your work frequently. Your work stays in the computer’s temporary memory until you save it to the disk. You will lose all unsaved work, if, for example, a system error occurs and you must restart your computer, or your battery runs out of charge while you are working. Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low. See “Setting battery alarms” on page 123. HINT: Some programs have an automatic save feature that you can turn on. This feature saves your file to the hard disk at preset intervals. See your software documentation for details., 76 Learning the BasicsUsing the keyboard ❖ Back up your files to diskettes (or other removable storage media) on a regular basis. Label the backup copies clearly and store them in a safe place. If your hard disk suddenly fails, you may lose all the data on it unless you have a separate backup copy. ❖ Use Disk Defragmenter to conserve disk space and help your computer perform at its optimal level. ❖ Before turning off the computer, always use the Turn Off or Shut down command (unless you want to use Stand by or Hibernation mode as described in “Powering down the computer” on page 98). CAUTION: The operating system records information, such as your desktop setup, during its turn-off procedure. If you don’t let it turn off normally, details such as new icon positions may be lost.

Using the keyboard

Function keys Windows® keys Home78PgUp 9 ∗ 456- End12PgDn 3 + Ins 0 Del / Alt (Alternate) key Character keys Fn key Ctrl (Control) key Parts of the keyboard, Learning the Basics Using the keyboard 77

Character keys

Typing with the character keys is very much like typing on a typewriter, except that: ❖ The spacebar creates a space character instead of just passing over an area of the page. ❖ The lowercase l (el) and the number 1 are not interchangeable. ❖ The uppercase letter O and the number 0 are not interchangeable. ❖ The Caps Lock key changes only the alphabet keys to upper case — the number and symbol keys are not affected.

Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys

Ctrl Fn Alt . Ctrl, Fn and Alt keys The Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys do different things depending on the program you are using. For more information, see your program documentation.

Function keys

The function keys (not to be confused with the Fn key) are the 12 keys at the top of the keyboard. Function keys F1 through F12 are called function keys because they run programmed functions when you press them. Used in combination with the Fn key, function keys marked with icons run specific functions on the computer., 78 Learning the BasicsUsing the keyboard

Windows® special keys

Application key Windows® logo key Windows® special keys The keyboard provides two keys that have special functions in the operating system: ❖ The Windows® logo key opens the Start menu. ❖ The Application key has the same function as the secondary (or right mouse) control button.

Overlay keys

& ∗ ( ) 7890Home78PgUp 9 ∗ UIOP456- JKL: ; End12PgDn 3 + M > ? . / Ins 0 Del . / Sample keyboard overlay keys The keys with numbers and symbols on the front of them form the numeric and cursor overlay. This overlay lets you enter numeric data or control the cursor as you would using the ten-key keypad on a desktop computer’s keyboard., Learning the Basics Using the keyboard 79

Using the numeric keypad overlay

To turn on the numeric keypad overlay, press Fn and F11 simultaneously. The numeric mode keyboard indicator light glows when the numeric overlay is on. You can still use the overlay keys to type alphabetic characters while the numeric overlay is on. To do so: ❖ For lowercase letters, hold down Fn while you type the letters. ❖ For uppercase letters, hold down both Fn and Shift while you type the letters. To use the cursor control overlay when the numeric overlay is on, press and hold down Shift while you use the cursor control keys. To return to the numeric overlay, release Shift. To turn off the numeric keypad overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F11 again. The numeric mode light goes out.

Using the cursor control overlay

To turn on the cursor control overlay, press Fn and F10 simultaneously. The cursor control mode keyboard indicator light glows when the cursor control overlay is on. To type alphabetic characters while the overlay is on: ❖ For lowercase letters, hold down Fn while you type the letters. ❖ For uppercase letters, hold down both Fn and Shift while you type the letters. To use the numeric keypad overlay when the cursor control overlay is on, hold down Shift while you use the numeric overlay keys. To return to the cursor control overlay, release Shift. To turn off the cursor control overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F10 again. The cursor control mode light goes out., 80 Learning the BasicsEmulating a full-size keyboard

Emulating a full-size keyboard

Although the computer’s keyboard layout is compatible with a standard full-size keyboard, it has fewer keys. Pressing the Fn key simultaneously in combination with one of the specially marked keys allows you to emulate a full-size keyboard. For further information and instructions, see “Assigning a key to a program or document” on page 186. NOTE: The Fn emulation key is not supported when using a USB keyboard.

TOSHIBA Console button

The TOSHIBA Console button provides quick access to some common functions. When the default setting is active, the TOSHIBA Console button brings up the TOSHIBA Console. Sample Toshiba Console window, Learning the Basics Starting a program 81 For information on how to program the button, see “Power Management” on page 191.

Starting a program

The easiest way to start a program is to click the name of the file that contains the information you want to work on. To find the file, use My Computer or Windows® Explorer. If you prefer to open the program first, you have four options: ❖ Double-click the icon for the program on your desktop ❖ Use the Start menu ❖ Use Windows® Explorer or My Computer to locate the program file ❖ Use the Run window The tutorial chapter for the Windows® XP operating system gives step-by-step instructions for starting a program from the Start menu. See “Lesson 6: Starting programs” on page 140.

Saving your work

Before you turn off the computer, save your work to the hard disk drive or a diskette. This is one of the most important rules of computing. NOTE: Save your data even when you are using the Stand by command, in case the battery discharges before you return to work. Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low, see “Setting battery alarms” on page 123. Many programs offer a feature that saves documents at regular intervals, such as every 15 minutes. Check your programs’ documentation to see whether they have an automatic save feature., 82 Learning the BasicsPrinting your work To save: ❖ A file you are updating, open the program’s File menu and click Save. ❖ A new file, choose Save As from the File menu, type a name for the file, and click OK. HINT: To make another copy of the file you are currently working with, choose Save As from the File menu and give the new file a different name. For information on how to name a file, see “Windows® XP file system” on page 132.

Printing your work

Verify that the operating system is set up for your printer as described in “Setting up your software” on page 45. TECHNICAL NOTE: You only need to set up the printer the first time you connect it. If you use more than one printer or are changing printers, you will need to set up the operating system to run with the additional printer(s). To print a file: 1 If your printer is not on, turn it on now. 2 In the File menu of your Windows® program, click Print. The program displays a Print window., Learning the Basics Using diskettes 83 Sample Print window 3 Click OK or Print to print.

Using diskettes

The 3.5-inch internal or external diskette drive lets you use high-density (1.44 MB) diskettes for data transfer and storage. Diskette drive LED Eject button Sample diskette drive The diskette drive LED glows while the drive is being accessed., 84 Learning the BasicsUsing diskettes

Inserting and removing diskettes

1 Hold the diskette so that the arrow on its upper surface points toward the drive. 2 Push the diskette gently into the drive slot. When the diskette is in place, the eject button pops out. To release a diskette from the drive, push the eject button. CAUTION: Never press the eject button or turn off the computer while the diskette drive LED is glowing. Doing so could destroy data and damage the diskette or the drive. To access your diskette contents: 1 Click Start, then click My Computer. 2 Double-click the 3 1/2 Floppy (A:) drive. The diskette contents appear.

Caring for diskettes

❖ Store your diskettes properly to protect them and keep them clean. ❖ If a diskette is dirty, clean it with a soft cloth moistened in water. Do not use cleaning fluids. ❖ Never slide back the protective metal cover. ❖ Never touch the magnetic surface of a diskette. Fingerprints can prevent the drive from reading the data stored on a diskette. ❖ Never twist or bend a diskette. ❖ Keep diskettes at room temperature and avoid exposing them to direct sunlight. Otherwise data may be lost. ❖ Never place heavy objects on your diskettes., Learning the Basics Backing up your files 85 ❖ Never eat, smoke, or use erasers near your diskettes. Foreign particles can damage the diskette’s surface. ❖ Keep your diskettes away from sources of magnetism, such as speakers and radios, since these can destroy data.

Backing up your files

Backing up your files means copying individual files to a diskette or copying entire sections of your hard disk to another device, such as a tape drive, or to your network partition.

Copying to a diskette

1 Insert a diskette into the diskette drive. 2 Click Start. The Start menu appears. 3 Click My Computer. The My Computer window appears. 4 Double-click the drive that contains the file you want to copy. 5 Double-click the folder that contains the file, then click the file you want to copy. HINT: You can use the Ctrl or Shift keys to select more than one file. 6 Click File, then click Send To., 86 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD 7 Click the icon for the diskette drive (3 1/2 floppy [A:]). HINT: You can also back up a file to a diskette by clicking the file (or files) you want to backup with the secondary button, then pointing to Send To and clicking 3 1/2 Floppy (A:).

Playing a CD or DVD

Your computer has a DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive that can read both DVD-ROM and CD-ROM discs. Digital versatile discs (DVDs) provide a significant increase in data storage and support features that are not available on any other video platform. These features include wide-screen movies, multiple language tracks, digital surround sound, multiple camera angles, and interactive menus. The computer can play high-resolution video at up to 30 frames per second. NOTE: For optimum DVD performance, it is recommended that you play DVDs while running on AC power rather than battery power. You use CD-ROMs to load and run software, and to access reference material such as catalogs, as well as listen to music. A special feature allows you to play audio CDs even when the computer is turned off. For more information, see “CD/ DVD control buttons” on page 88. If your computer has a DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunction drive, you can also write files (including music) to a CD- Recordable (CD-R) or CD-ReWritable (CD-RW) disc., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 87

Drive components and control buttons

The CD/DVD control buttons are located at the front edge of the computer and can be accessed when the display panel is closed or open.

Components

DVD-ROM or Manual DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive Eject button eject button Sample DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive Use the eject button to open the disc tray. This button requires power to operate. CAUTION: Never press the eject button or turn off the computer while the disk/disc activity light is glowing. Doing so could damage the disc or the drive., 88 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD The manual eject button allows you to manually open the disc tray when power to the computer and the drive is off. CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it. Instead, use a slim object such as a straightened paper clip. HINT: When the computer is off and the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/ CD-RW drive is on, press the stop/eject control button to eject a disc.

CD/DVD control buttons

The control buttons on the front edge of the computer enable you to play audio CDs when the computer is off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs when the computer is on. CD/ DVD Digit al audio mode Play/Pause Next track mode Previous track Stop/Eject CD/DVD control buttons The CD/DVD mode button allows you to play CDs or DVDs in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. The Digital audio mode button allows you to play digital audio files in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. The previous track button returns to the preceding track on the disc. The play/pause button starts playing the disc or makes it pause if currently playing. The stop/eject button stops a disc that is currently playing., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 89 The next track button skips to the following track on the disc. You can eject a disc by pressing the stop/eject button twice. Use this method to eject a disc when the computer is turned off and the sound subsystem is turned on. NOTE: If you have set a password for logging onto your system, your computer will start up and you will need to log on before being able to play a CD or DVD.

CD/DVD and Digital audio modes

The following chart describes CD/DVD mode and Digital audio mode. CD /DVD mode Digital audio mode Power is off If a CD is in the drive, the The operating system and you system enters CD player starts, the Windows press Play/ mode and operates as a MediaTM Player starts and Pause stand-alone CD player. the digital audio files If a DVD is in the drive, begin to play. the operating system starts and the DVD player starts. CD/DVD DVD-ROM drive power player turns off mode and you press the CD/ DVD mode button, 90 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD CD /DVD mode Digital audio mode Operating If a CD is in the drive, the Windows MediaTM Player system is Windows MediaTM Player starts and the digital audio running starts and the digital audio files begin to play. and you files begin to play. press Play/ Pause If a DVD is in the drive, WinDVDTM starts and the DVD begins to play. CAUTION: Do not install or remove a memory module while the DVD-ROM drive power is on.

Inserting a disc

WARNING: Before playing an audio CD or a DVD, turn the volume down. Playing the disc at maximum volume could damage your ears. To turn the volume down, use the volume control dial or access the Volume Control program (click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, Volume Control). 1 If the computer is turned on, press the eject button on the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. Eject button, Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 91 The disc tray partially opens. CAUTION: To avoid damaging a disc or losing data, check that the disk/disc activity light is off before opening the disc tray. 2 Grasp the disc tray and pull it fully open. 3 Hold the disc by its edges and check that it is clean and free of dust. CAUTION: Handle discs carefully. Avoid touching the surface of the disc. Grasp it by its center hole and edge. If you handle the disc incorrectly, you could lose data. 4 Carefully place the disc in the empty tray with its label facing up. Inserting a disc CAUTION: Be careful not to touch the drive’s lens (located underneath the drive’s spindle) or the area around it. Doing so could cause the drive to malfunction. 5 Gently press the center of the disc onto the spindle until it locks into place., 92 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD Spindle Disc Correct position Incorrect position Incorrect position Positioning the disc on the spindle CAUTION: Make sure the disc is properly positioned on the spindle. If you position the disc incorrectly, it can jam the disc tray. 6 Close the disc tray by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks, indicating that it is locked.

Playing an audio CD

Insert an audio CD and close the disc tray. To access the Windows MediaTM Player, click Start, then click Windows Media Player., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 93 Rewind Fast forward Play Volume Stop control Previous track Next track Mute Sample Windows MediaTM Player screen

Playing a DVD

This guide has an entire chapter devoted to using WinDVD. For information about how to play back a DVD, see “WinDVD 2000” on page 198.

Viewing the contents of a CD or DVD

CDs and DVDs contain files just like diskettes and the hard disk. CDs are often used to install software or store files that require a lot of space, such as photographs and large presentation files. You can use Explorer or My Computer to view the contents of any CD or DVD., 94 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD

Removing a disc with the computer on

CAUTION: Never press the eject button while the computer is accessing the drive. Wait for the disk/disc activity light on the system indicator panel to turn off before opening the disc tray. 1 Locate and press the eject button. The disc tray partially opens. 2 Grasp the sides of the disc tray and pull it fully open. 3 Remove the disc from the disc tray and place it in its protective cover. CAUTION: If the disc is spinning when you open the disc tray, wait for the disc to stop before removing it. 4 Close the disc tray by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks indicating that it is locked.

Removing a disc with the computer off

1 Insert a slender object, such as a straightened paper clip, into the manual eject button access hole. CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it. 2 Pull the tray fully open, remove the disc and place it in its protective cover. 3 Close the disc tray by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks indicating that it is locked., Learning the Basics Using the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunction 95 drive

Caring for CDs and DVDs

❖ Store your discs in their original containers to protect them from scratches and keep them clean. ❖ Never bend a disc or place heavy objects on top of it. ❖ Hold a disc by its outside edge. Fingerprints on the surface of a disc can prevent the drive from reading the data properly. ❖ Avoid exposing discs to direct sunlight or extreme heat or cold. ❖ To clean a disc, wipe it from the center outwards (not in a circle) with a clean, dry cloth. If necessary, moisten the cloth with water or a neutral cleaner (not benzine or rubbing alcohol). Let the disc dry completely before inserting it in the drive.

Using the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW

multifunction drive Your computer may come with a DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/ CD-RW multifunction drive that allows you to: ❖ Play prerecorded DVDs ❖ Play prerecorded CDs ❖ Read and write files (including music) to a CD- Recordable (CD-R) or CD-ReWritable (CD-RW) disc. CAUTION: Check the disk/disc activity light when you use the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. Do not press the eject button, disconnect a drive or turn off the computer while the light is glowing. Doing so could damage the CD, DVD or drive., 96 Learning the BasicsSetting up for communications

Setting up for communications

To communicate across the telephone lines with another computer, you need: ❖ The computer’s modem ❖ A telephone line ❖ A communications program To connect to the Internet, you need a Web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer. TECHNICAL NOTE: Disable Call Waiting before you connect through the modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.

Connecting the modem

Your computer comes with a built-in V.90 56K modem and a built-in 10/100 Ethernet LAN adapter. To use the modem, you must connect it to a standard voice-grade RJ11 telephone line. NOTE: Due to FCC limitations, speeds of 53 kbps are the maximum permissible rates during downloads. Actual data transmission speeds will vary depending on line conditions. 1 Attach one end of a standard RJ11 telephone cable to the modem port on the back of the computer., Learning the Basics Setting up for communications 97 Connecting to the modem port 2 Plug the other end of the RJ11 telephone cable into the modular jack of a standard voice-grade telephone line.

Connecting your computer to a network

You can connect your computer to a network locally or remotely. ❖ Locally, using the built-in 10/100 Ethernet LAN adapter by connecting it to a standard RJ45 LAN line. ❖ Remotely, using the built-in modem and a dial-up connection. To set up the network connection, use the Network Setup Wizard: 1 Click Start and point to All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, then to Communications, and click Network Setup Wizard. 3 Follow the on-screen instructions. The computer connects with the network., 98 Learning the BasicsPowering down the computer

Powering down the computer

When you power down the computer, you have a number of options to choose from: ❖ Turn Off or Shut down, which power off the computer ❖ Hibernation, which saves the current operating state to the hard disk and powers off the computer ❖ Stand by, which saves the current operating state to memory and enters a low power mode ❖ Restart, which restarts the computer Each option has its advantages. TECHNICAL NOTE: Before using any of these options to power down your computer, save your files and make sure the disk activity lights are off. If you change your mind and decide to continue working after all, wait a few seconds before turning the computer on again.

Turn Off or Shut down command

The Turn Off or Shut down commands power off the computer. The Windows® XP Home operating system uses the Turn Off command. The Windows® XP Pro operating system uses the Turn Off command if you are not connected to a Windows® domain server. The Windows® XP Pro operating system uses the Shut down command if you are a member of a domain. Factors to consider when choosing Turn Off or Shut down: ❖ No power is used while the computer is turned off. This is the most efficient mode if you will be away from your computer for an extended time. ❖ Restarting from Turn Off or Shut down uses the most time and battery power., Learning the Basics Powering down the computer 99 ❖ When starting up again, the system does not automatically open the programs and files you were previously using.

Restart command

Restart is the same as Turn Off or Shut down but automatically powers up the computer. Use it when you need to reload the operating system, for example to activate changes to system settings.

Hibernation command

The Hibernation command powers off the computer, but it first saves the current state of the computer to the hard disk. Since Hibernation does not require power to maintain the saved information, the system settings are retained indefinitely. Restoring information from the hard disk takes longer than restoring it from memory. When you restart the computer, the computer runs a self-test, loads the operating system, and then returns to the state in which you left it. Factors to consider when choosing Hibernation: ❖ While in Hibernation mode, the computer uses no battery power. ❖ Because the state of the system is held on the hard disk, no data is lost if the battery discharges while the computer is in Hibernation mode. ❖ When starting up again, this choice uses less time and battery power than the Turn Off or Shut down option. But it uses a little more time and battery power to start up than the Stand by mode, because information is being retrieved from the hard disk instead of from memory. ❖ On restarting, the computer returns to the state in which you left it, and opens all the programs and files you were using., 100 Learning the BasicsUsing Turn Off or Shut down

Stand by command

The Stand by command puts the computer into a power- saving mode. Stand by stores the current state of the computer in memory so that, when you restart the computer, you can continue working from where you left off. Factors to consider when choosing Stand by: ❖ While in Stand by mode, the computer uses some battery power. If your computer is left in Stand by mode for an extended period, your computer could lose data. ❖ When starting up again, this choice uses less time and battery power than either Turn Off, Shut down or Hibernation. ❖ On restarting, the computer returns to the state in which you left it, and opens all the programs and files you were using. NOTE: If you power down using the Stand by command and the battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be sure to save your work often.

Using Turn Off or Shut down

If you are using the Windows® XP Home operating system, or are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are not a member of a domain, power off the computer as follows: 1 Click Start, Turn off computer. The Turn off computer window appears., Learning the Basics Using Turn Off or Shut down 101 Sample Turn off computer window 2 Click Turn Off. The computer turns itself off. If you are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are a member of a domain, power off the computer as follows: 1 Click the Start button, then Shut down. The Shut Down window appears. 2 Select Shut down from the drop-down list. 3 Click OK. The computer turns itself off.

Turning off or shutting down more quickly

In addition to the method described above, you can turn off or shut down the computer by pressing the power button. To do so, you must preset the mode. 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears., 102 Learning the BasicsUsing Turn Off or Shut down Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window 4 Click Details in the Running on batteries section. The Full Power Properties window appears., Learning the Basics Using Turn Off or Shut down 103 5 Click the System Power Mode tab. Sample Full Power Properties window 6 Select Power Off for the options you want. ❖ When I press the power button Set this option to Power Off if you want the computer to turn off when you press the power button. ❖ When I close the lid Set this option to Power Off if you want the computer to turn off when you close the display panel. 7 Click Override all Modes with settings here., 104 Learning the BasicsUsing Hibernation The Set the range window appears. Sample Set the range window with DC only option 8 Do one of the following: ❖ Click DC only if you want the settings to apply only when you are using battery power. ❖ Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using battery power or outlet power. 9 Click OK to close the Full Power Properties window. 10 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Starting again after Turn Off or Shut down

To start the computer up again, press and release the power button; the on/off light changes to green.

Using Hibernation

When Hibernation is enabled, you can put the computer into Hibernation in more than one way.

Enabling the Hibernation command

Hibernation enabled is a default setting. If it should become disabled, you can enable it as follows: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance., Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 105 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window 4 Click the Hibernate tab, then click the Enable hibernate support check box. 5 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Going into Hibernation mode

If you are using the Windows® XP Home operating system, or are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are not a member of a domain, power off the computer using the Hibernation command as follows: 1 Click Start, Turn off computer., 106 Learning the BasicsUsing Hibernation The Turn off computer window appears. Sample Turn off computer window with shift key held down to show Hibernate option 2 Hold down the shift key and click Hibernate (“Hibernate” only appears when the shift key is pressed). The computer saves the state of the system, including all open programs and files, to the hard disk. Then the computer turns itself off. If you are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are a member of a domain, power off the computer using Hibernation as follows: 1 Click Start, Shut Down. The Shut Down window appears. 2 Select Hibernate from the drop-down list of options. 3 Click OK. The computer saves the state of the system, including all open programs and files, to the hard disk. Then the computer turns itself off.

Going into Hibernation mode more quickly

You can also put the computer into Hibernation mode in three ways: ❖ By pressing the power button ❖ By closing the display panel, Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 107 ❖ By pressing the hotkey combination Fn+F4 To put the computer into Hibernation mode by pressing the power button and/or closing the display, you must preset the mode: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window 4 In the Running on batteries area, click the Details button., 108 Learning the BasicsUsing Hibernation 5 Click the System Power Mode tab. Sample Full Power Properties window 6 Select Hibernation for the options you want. ❖ When I press the power button Set this option to Hibernation so that the computer will go into Hibernation mode when you press the power button. ❖ When I close the lid Set this option to Hibernation so that the computer will go into Hibernation mode when you close the display panel., Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 109 7 Click Override all Modes with settings here. The Set the range window appears. Sample Set the range window with DC only option 8 Do one of the following: ❖ Click DC only if you want the settings to apply only when you are using battery power. ❖ Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using battery power or outlet power. 9 Click OK to close the Full Power Properties window. 10 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Starting again from Hibernation

To start the computer from Hibernation mode, press and release the power button until the on/off light changes to green. The computer returns to the screen you were using. If you went into Hibernation mode by closing the display panel, you can start the computer again by opening the display panel., 110 Learning the BasicsUsing Stand by

Using Stand by

If you are using the Windows® XP Home operating system, or are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are not a member of a domain, power off the computer using the Stand by command as follows: 1 Click Start, Turn off computer. The Turn off computer window appears. Sample Turn off computer window 2 Click Stand By. The computer saves the state of all open programs and files to memory, turns off the display, and goes into a low-power mode. The on/off light ( ) blinks amber indicating the machine is in Stand by mode. If you are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are a member of a domain, power off the computer using the Stand by command as follows: 1 Click Start, then Shut down. The Shut Down window appears. 2 Select Stand by from the drop-down list of options. 3 Click OK. The computer saves the state of all open programs and files to memory, turns off the display, and goes into a low-power, Learning the Basics Using Stand by 111 mode. The on/off light blinks green to indicate the machine is in Stand by mode. NOTE: If you power down using the Stand by command and the battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be sure to save your work often.

Going into Stand by mode more quickly

You can also put the computer into Stand by mode in three ways: ❖ By pressing the hot key combination Fn+F3. ❖ By pressing the power button ❖ By closing the display panel. To put the computer into Stand by mode when you press the power button or close the display panel, you must preset the mode: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears., 112 Learning the BasicsUsing Stand by Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window 4 Click Details in the Running on batteries section. The Full Power Properties window appears. 5 Click the System Power Mode tab., Learning the Basics Using Stand by 113 Sample Full Power Properties window 6 Select Standby for the options you want. ❖ When I press the power button Set this option to Standby so that the computer will go into Stand by mode when you press the power button. ❖ When I close the lid Set this option to Standby so that the computer will go into Stand by mode when you close the display panel. ❖ When the system Standby time has passed Set this option to Standby if you want the computer to automatically go into Stand by mode when you haven’t used it for a specified amount of time. You, 114 Learning the BasicsUsing Stand by can set the System Stand by time on the Power Save Mode tab. 7 Click Override all Modes with settings here. The Set the range window appears. Sample Set the range window with DC only option 8 Do one of the following: ❖ Click DC only for the settings to apply only when you are using battery power. ❖ Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using battery power or outlet power. 9 Click OK to close the Full Power Properties window. 10 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Starting again from Stand by

To start the computer from Stand by mode, press and release the power button until the on/off light changes to green. The computer returns to the screen you were using. If you put the computer in Stand by mode by closing the display panel, you can start the computer again by opening the display panel.,

Chapter 4 Mobile Computing

This chapter covers all aspects of using your computer while traveling.

Toshiba’s energy-saver design

Your computer enters a low-power mode when it is not being used, thereby conserving energy and saving money in the process. It has a number of other features that enhance its energy efficiency. Many of these energy-saving features have been set by Toshiba. We recommend you leave these features active, allowing your computer to operate at its maximum energy efficiency, so that you can use it for longer periods while traveling.

Running the computer on battery power

The computer contains a removable lithium ion (Li-ion) high-capacity battery that provides power when you are away from an AC outlet. You can recharge it many times. To ensure that the battery maintains its maximum capacity, operate the computer on battery power at least once a month, 116 Mobile ComputingRunning the computer on battery power until the battery is fully discharged. Please see “Maximizing battery life” on page 117 for procedures. If the computer is continuously operated on AC power, either through an AC adapter or a docking station for an extended period, more than a month, the battery may fail to retain a charge. It may not function efficiently over the expected life of the battery and the battery light may not indicate a low-battery condition. In addition, the computer has an internal real-time clock (RTC) battery. This is a nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery. The RTC battery powers the RTC memory, which stores your system configuration settings and the current time and date for up to a month while the computer is turned off.

Using additional batteries

If you spend a lot of time traveling and need to work for many hours without an AC power source, you may want to carry additional charged batteries with you. You can then replace a discharged battery and continue working.

Battery safety precautions

❖ If the battery pack produces an odor, overheats or changes color or shape while it is being used or charged, turn off the computer’s power immediately and disconnect the power cord from the power socket. Carefully remove the battery pack from the computer. ❖ Do not try to disassemble a battery pack. ❖ Do not overcharge or reverse charge a battery. Overcharging will shorten its life, and reverse charging could damage it. ❖ Avoid touching the metal terminals of the battery with another metal object. Short-circuiting the battery can cause it to overheat and may cause damage to the battery or the computer., Mobile Computing Running the computer on battery power 117 ❖ Do not incinerate a spent battery, as this could cause it to explode and release toxic materials. ❖ If a battery is leaking or damaged, replace it immediately. Use protective gloves when handling a damaged battery. ❖ To replace the main battery, use an identical battery that you can purchase through toshiba.com. ❖ A reverse polarity condition should be avoided with all batteries. The main battery is designed so that it cannot be installed to cause reverse polarity. ❖ Charge the battery only in the computer or in a battery charger designated as an approved option. ❖ When you install the battery, you should hear a click when it is seated properly. ❖ Do not expose the battery to fire. The battery could explode.

Maximizing battery life

To maximize the life of your battery: ❖ At least once a month, disconnect the computer from a power source and operate it on battery power until the battery fully discharges. Before doing so, follow the steps below: 1 Turn off the computer’s power. 2 Disconnect the AC adapter and turn on the computer’s power. If it does not turn on, go to step 4. 3 Operate the computer on battery power for five minutes. If the battery has at least five minutes of operating time, continue operating until the battery is fully discharged. If the battery light flashes or there is some other warning to indicate a low battery, go to step 4., 118 Mobile ComputingCharging batteries 4 Connect the AC adapter to the computer and the power cable to a power outlet. The DC-IN (if applicable to your system) or AC power light should glow green, and the battery light should glow amber to indicate that the battery is being charged. If the DC-IN or AC power light indicator does not glow, power is not being supplied. Check the connections to the AC adapter and power cable. 5 Charge the battery until the battery light glows green. ❖ If you have extra batteries, rotate their use. ❖ If you will not be using the system for an extended period (more than one month) remove the battery. ❖ Disconnect the AC adapter when the battery is fully charged. Overcharging makes the battery hot and shortens life. ❖ If you are not going to use the computer for more than eight hours, disconnect the AC adapter. ❖ Store spare batteries in a cool dry place out of direct sunlight.

Charging batteries

The main battery needs to be charged before you can use it to power the computer. You can charge the battery using your computer, or you can use an optional battery charger. CAUTION: Never leave batteries in the battery charger for more than a week at a time. Doing so may reduce the potential charge of the battery. Use only battery chargers designed to work with your notebook computer. You can order a Toshiba battery charger from Toshiba’s Web site at toshiba.com., Mobile Computing Charging batteries 119

Charging the main battery

To charge the main battery while it is in your computer, plug the computer into a live wall outlet. It takes several hours to charge the battery with the computer off. It takes much longer to charge the battery while the computer is on. TECHNICAL NOTE: The battery may take longer to charge with many applications open at the same time. The battery may not start charging immediately if: ❖ The battery is extremely hot or cold. To ensure that the battery charges to its full capacity, wait until it reaches room temperature (50 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, 10 to 26 degrees Celsius). ❖ The battery is almost completely discharged. Leave the power connected, and the battery should begin charging after a few minutes.

Charging the RTC battery

The computer contains an internal battery that provides power for the real-time clock (RTC) and calendar. During normal use, the main battery keeps the RTC battery adequately charged. Occasionally, the RTC battery may lose its charge completely, especially if you have had the computer turned off for a long time. If the RTC battery is low, the real-time clock and calendar may display the incorrect time and date, or stop working., 120 Mobile ComputingMonitoring battery power To recharge the RTC battery, plug in the computer and leave it turned on for 10 hours or longer. NOTE: It is seldom necessary to charge the RTC battery because it charges while the computer is off. If the RTC battery is low, the real-time clock and calendar may display the incorrect time and date or stop working. When Hibernation mode is enabled and the RTC battery is completely discharged, a warning prompts you to reset the real- time clock. The computer can be used while the RTC battery is being charged, although the charging status of the RTC battery cannot be monitored.

Monitoring battery power

The battery light indicates the main battery’s current charge. It: ❖ Glows green when the battery is fully charged ❖ Glows amber while the battery is being charged ❖ Does not glow if the external power source is disconnected or if the battery is completely discharged

Determining remaining battery power

NOTE: Wait at least 16 seconds after turning on the computer before trying to monitor the remaining battery power. The computer needs this time to check the battery’s remaining capacity and perform its calculations. 1 Click Start, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel opens., Mobile Computing Monitoring battery power 121 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. 4 Choose the Power Save Modes tab, then under the Running on Batteries section, click Details. 5 Click the Power Save Mode tab. The current power source and battery power remaining section displays the current charge state of the battery. The value displays as a percentage of remaining battery charge. TECHNICAL NOTE: The computer drains the battery faster at low temperatures. Check your remaining charge frequently if you are working in temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The computer calculates the remaining battery charge based on your current rate of power use and other factors such as the age of the battery.

Conserving battery power

How long a fully charged battery lasts when you are using the computer depends on a number of factors, such as: ❖ How the computer is configured ❖ How much you use the display panel instead of an external monitor ❖ How much you use the hard disk and other drives ❖ Whether you use any optional devices to which the battery supplies power, such as a PC Card ❖ Where you are working—since operating time decreases at low temperatures Toshiba’s power-saving options greatly increase the length of time you can use the computer before it becomes necessary to recharge the battery., 122 Mobile ComputingMonitoring battery power Toshiba has combined these options into preset power usage modes. You may also set individual power-saving options to suit your own needs. See “Power Management” on page 191 for details.

What to do when the battery runs low

When the battery runs low you can: ❖ Plug the computer into an external power source and recharge the battery. ❖ Put the computer in Hibernation mode and replace the battery with a charged spare. ❖ Save your work and turn off the computer. If you don’t manage to do any of these things before the battery completely runs out of power, the computer automatically enters Hibernation mode and turns itself off. Hibernation mode keeps track of where you were so, when you turn on the power again, you can continue where you left off. The computer stores the information on what you were doing until the battery runs out of power. If you have Hibernation mode enabled (the default), the computer copies the details of your open programs and files to the hard disk before shutting down., Mobile Computing Monitoring battery power 123

Setting battery alarms

Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low. You can set multiple alarms. Each alarm can be set to alert you when a specified percentage of remaining battery power has been reached. You can set how the warning occurs: sound an alarm, display a message, both, or none. You can also set the computer to enter Stand by mode or Hibernation mode, or to Turn Off or Shut down when the alarm goes off. To set an alarm: 1 Click Start, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. 4 Choose the Power Save Modes tab, then under the Running on Batteries section, click Details. 5 Click the Alarm tab and set the alarm, as desired., 124 Mobile ComputingChanging the main battery

Changing the main battery

When your battery power is running low, you have two options: connect the computer to an AC power source or install a charged battery. NOTE: If your battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be sure to save your work often. CAUTION: When handling a battery, be careful not to drop it or short-circuit its terminals. Also, do not drop, hit or otherwise impact the battery. Do not scratch or break the casing and do not twist or bend the battery pack. Do not remove the battery pack while the computer is in Stand by mode. Data in memory will be lost.

Removing the battery from the computer

1 Save your work. 2 Turn off the computer or place it in Hibernation mode according to the instructions in “Using Hibernation” on page 104. 3 Remove all cables connected to the computer. 4 Close the display panel and turn the computer upside down., Mobile Computing Changing the main battery 125 Sliding the battery release latch 5 Slide the battery release latch toward the front of the computer. Slide the battery cover toward the edge of the computer until it won’t go any further. 6 Lift the cover straight up from the slot. WARNING: If the battery is leaking or its case is cracked, put on protective gloves to handle it, and discard it immediately following the advice in “Disposing of used batteries safely” on page 127. CAUTION: For environmental reasons, do not throw away a spent battery. Please return spent batteries to your Toshiba dealer.

Removing the battery from the battery cover

1 Position the battery cover with the battery facing up. 2 Press the battery cover latches outward., 126 Mobile ComputingChanging the main battery Battery cover latch Tab Tab Battery cover latch Removing the battery from the battery cover 3 Lift the battery from the battery cover.

Inserting a charged battery

1 Turn off the computer. See “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 98. 2 Remove all cables connected to the computer. 3 Wipe the battery terminals of the charged battery with a clean cloth to ensure a good connection. 4 Hold the battery so that the label is face down. 5 Fit the battery in the battery cover, ensuring the battery connectors are exposed. Make sure the battery is secured by the battery cover latches. 6 Find the four side tabs on the battery cover and line them up with the corresponding recessed areas along the sides of the empty battery slot. When the tabs line up with the recessed areas, the battery cover will slip comfortably into the battery slot. 7 Once the battery cover has been inserted, slide the battery cover until the side of the battery release latch matches the side of the computer., Mobile Computing Disposing of used batteries safely 127 8 Slide the battery release latch toward the back of the computer. You may need to press the cover in from the edge slightly to return the latch to the closed position. Battery release latch Inserting the battery cover CAUTION: Failure to lock the battery cover can result in the battery falling out of the computer case. 9 Turn the computer right side up. 10 Reconnect any cables you removed. 11 Turn on the computer.

Disposing of used batteries safely

You can recharge a battery many times. When the battery needs replacing, the battery light flashes amber shortly after you have fully recharged the battery., 128 Mobile ComputingTraveling tips You must discard a battery if it becomes damaged. CAUTION: The computer’s main battery is a lithium ion (Li-ion) battery, which can explode if not properly replaced, used, handled, or disposed of. Putting spent batteries in the trash is not only irresponsible, it may be illegal. Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations. Use only batteries recommended by Toshiba. The materials that came with your computer may include an insert regarding the disposal of batteries. If not, check with your network administrator or local government agency for information on where to recycle or dispose of old batteries.

Traveling tips

The environmental precautions listed in “Selecting a place to work” on page 39, also apply while travelling. ❖ Never leave your computer on a sunny ledge or in a place where it could get wet or covered in dust. ❖ Always travel with the computer in a carrying case. Toshiba offers a choice of carrying cases for the computer. They all provide plenty of extra space for guides, power cables, compact discs and diskettes. Contact your authorized Toshiba representative for more information, or visit toshiba.com. TECHNICAL NOTE: When traveling by air, you may be required to pass your notebook through airport security equipment. The X-ray equipment will not harm your computer.,

Chapter 5 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System

This chapter introduces the Windows® XP operating system by guiding you through a few basic tasks. Whether you have used a Windows® operating system or not, the skill and confidence you will gain from this chapter will more than offset the short amount of time spent going through these lessons. As you explore the Windows® XP operating system further, you will often discover alternative ways of accomplishing a particular task. For more detailed information on your operating system, refer to the Microsoft® Windows® XP operating system documentation that came with your computer.

Lesson 1: Exploring the desktop

The desktop is the launching pad for everything you can do in the operating system. You use its features to start programs,, 130 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 1: Exploring the desktop find documents, set up system components, and perform most other computing tasks. HINT: The illustrated examples in this guide may appear slightly different from the screens displayed by your system. However, the differences are not significant and do not indicate any change in the functionality of your system.

Finding your way around the desktop

Your computer’s desktop includes several standard features: icons, Start button, taskbar, System tray, and background pattern. Icons Start Taskbar System tray button Sample Desktop, Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 1: Exploring the desktop 131

Icons

An icon represents a folder, file, or program that can be quickly activated by double-clicking the icon. You can create a new desktop icon for any folder, file, or program by dragging the element’s icon from its location in a window to the desktop area. TECHNICAL NOTE: If you delete a file from a diskette, it does not go into the Recycle Bin. For more information on the Recycle Bin, see Windows® online Help. NOTE: If you place the cursor over an icon, a popup description of the file contents appears. See Windows® XP online Help for more specific information on each icon and how to use it.

Start button

You use the Start button to: ❖ Start programs ❖ Access operating system update information ❖ Open recently accessed documents ❖ Adjust system settings ❖ Search for files ❖ Access Windows® Help and Support ❖ Suspend system activity and turn off the computer For more information on starting programs, see “Lesson 6: Starting programs” on page 140., 132 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 1: Exploring the desktop

Taskbar

Each time you open a program, a button associated with that program appears on the taskbar. With some programs, a button appears on the taskbar for each document or window you open. You can use these buttons to quickly switch between the programs or windows. To make a program or window the active one, click the program’s or window’s button on the taskbar.

System tray

The System tray displays icons of tasks or programs that run continuously in the background. To learn more about each task, position the cursor over the icon for a few moments and a short description of the task appears. Typical tasks in the System tray are Current time, Power usage mode, and speaker volume. To activate a specific task, double-click the appropriate System tray icon.

Windows® XP file system

All files on your computer are organized for accessibility using a hierarchal file system. Programs, documents, and other data are held in files. These files can be grouped together in folders, and folders can be grouped inside other folders for convenient organizing. All the files and folders reside in your computer on a storage device, such as a disk drive. You can think of your computer storage system in terms of office equipment. You have a file cabinet (device), that contains folders, and each folder may contain documents. Your office may have more than one file cabinet, just as your computer may have more than one disk drive., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together 133 Computers can be connected together to form a network, so that programs, documents and other data can be quickly and easily shared between computers. You can use the My Computer feature, accessible through the Start menu, to access any file in the Windows® file system. For more information, read the Microsoft® documentation that comes with your computer.

Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control

buttons together The “Getting Started” chapter introduced you to the TouchPad, which is your basic tool for moving around the screen. This lesson lets you practice using the TouchPad and control buttons in tandem. NOTE: How to best use the TouchPad and control buttons together is a matter of personal preference. Many users find that the ideal way is to use both hands, with one index finger working the TouchPad and the other clicking the control buttons. 1 Using the TouchPad, move the cursor to the Start button on the screen, then click the primary button (usually the left button) of the adjoining control buttons to open the Start menu. NOTE: In this guide, the term “click” refers to the primary button, which is usually the left one. Instructions requiring the secondary button specifically mention that button. For example, “click the secondary button.” 2 Click an empty area of the desktop to close the Start menu., 134 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together 3 With the cursor in an empty area of the desktop, click the secondary button to open the desktop shortcut menu. As the name implies, shortcut menus provide quick access to many operating system features. Sample desktop shortcut menu 4 Click an empty area to close the shortcut menu. 5 Click Start, then click My Computer. The operating system opens the My Computer window. Sample My Computer window open 6 Now click the Close button in the upper-right corner of this window., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together 135 The My Computer window is closed. 7 Click an empty area of the taskbar at the bottom of the screen and, while holding down the primary button, use the TouchPad to drag the cursor to the right edge of the desktop, then release the primary button. (This process is known as “clicking and dragging.”) The taskbar moves from the bottom to the right edge of the desktop. Start button Taskbar System tray Sample desktop with the taskbar on the right HINT: You can move the taskbar to any of the desktop’s four edges. 8 Click the taskbar once again and drag it back to the bottom of the desktop. If you can’t move the taskbar, it’s probably because it has been locked., 136 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 3: Learning about the Internet To unlock it: 1 Right-click the taskbar. A menu appears. If the Lock the taskbar option has a check mark, then the feature is in use. 2 Click Lock the taskbar. 3 Call up the menu again. The check mark should be gone, indicating the lock has been removed. Follow the same steps to lock the taskbar. You can also lock and unlock the taskbar by using the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window. To access the window: 1 Right-click the taskbar, then select Properties. The Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window appears. 2 Click the Taskbar tab. 3 Check or uncheck the box next to the Lock the taskbar command. 4 Click OK.

Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet

This lesson demonstrates how to access a Web page from a window and from the taskbar. The lesson assumes you have an account with an Internet Service Provider (ISP).

Opening a Web page from a window

The most common way to open a Web page is by typing a Web address in the address line of the Web browser itself. But you can also type a Web address in the My Computer window. 1 Click Start, then My Computer., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 4: Creating a new document 137 The My Computer window appears. 2 On the View menu, point to Toolbars, then click Address Bar. The operating system displays the address bar. It indicates that you are in “My Computer.” Sample My Computer window

Lesson 4: Creating a new document

This lesson teaches you how to create a text file without having to first open a program. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays a shortcut menu of commands applicable to the desktop. 2 Click New, then click Text Document. The operating system creates an icon on the desktop called New Text Document with the icon name highlighted., 138 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 4: Creating a new document 3 To give your document a meaningful name, type My New Doc.txt and press Enter. 4 Double-click the My New Doc icon. The operating system opens the new document in Notepad—the text editor built into the operating system. Sample Notepad window Notice that when the document opens, there is a new button on the taskbar that reads New Doc.txt- Notepad (the name may be too long to fit into the taskbar space but, if you point to the name, the complete name is visible). By displaying buttons like this one, the taskbar helps you keep track of the programs and files you currently have open. To learn more about Notepad, open the Help menu by pressing F1. For now, leave Notepad open and go on to the next lesson., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 5: Creating a new folder 139

Lesson 5: Creating a new folder

DEFINITION: A folder is an area where you can store documents and other types of files. It is analogous to a file folder stored in a file cabinet. In this case, a disk drive in the computer is the file cabinet. The operating system stores documents and programs in folders. It even stores other folders in folders. In this lesson, you will create a folder in which to store your new document. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays the desktop shortcut menu. 2 Click New, then click Folder. The operating system creates an icon on the desktop called New Folder with the icon name highlighted. 3 Type a name for the folder, such as My Folder, then press Enter. 4 Close the Notepad document you just created by clicking the Close button on the right side of the Notepad title bar. The operating system displays the document as an icon on the desktop. 5 Click the document icon and drag it toward your New Folder icon. Position the document icon over the New Folder icon until it changes color, then release the primary button. The outline of the document icon moves across the desktop and disappears into the folder. 6 To see your document, double-click the folder icon. A window opens and displays the contents of the folder., 140 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 6: Starting programs 7 Close the window by clicking its Close button and continue with the next lesson to learn how to start programs.

Lesson 6: Starting programs

Usually, you will know which program you want to use for a particular task. This lesson teaches you how to launch programs from the Start menu, using two of the programs that are built into the operating system: Paint and Windows® Explorer. 1 Click Start, then All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, then click Paint. The operating system opens Paint—a basic drawing program. Sample Paint window, Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 6: Starting programs 141 3 To open the second program: ❖ Click Start, then click All Programs. ❖ Point to Accessories, then click Windows Explorer. The operating system opens Windows® Explorer, which provides access to all your computer’s resources. For example, it lets you see all the files in a particular folder on the computer’s hard disk. Sample Windows® Explorer window Notice the taskbar now has two buttons on it—one for Paint and one for Windows® Explorer. 4 Click the Paint button on the taskbar. The operating system displays the Paint program. The operating system places the active window on top of other windows on the desktop unless you have selected a different display option. You can move back and forth between the two programs by clicking each button alternately., 142 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows

Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding

windows If you have followed the lessons in this chapter, you now have a screen with several program windows open. You can organize these windows by resizing and repositioning them so that you can see more than one window at a time. You can also hide windows by removing them from the desktop without actually closing your document or program. This lesson introduces several ways to adjust the size, shape, and position of windows open on the desktop. Close button Maximize button Minimize button Taskbar Sample Windows® Explorer window open on the desktop, Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows 143

Using the taskbar

If you have applications open on the desktop, you can rearrange them by pointing to the applications’ button on the taskbar through use of the TouchPad and clicking the secondary button. You have these options: ❖ Move windows ❖ Size windows ❖ Minimize all windows — display only the taskbar buttons ❖ Maximize windows ❖ Close windows Choose your option depending on how you wish to set up your desktop.

Minimizing and maximizing windows

1 To make the Explorer window the active window, click the Windows Explorer button on the taskbar. The operating system highlights the Windows® Explorer title bar to show that Windows® Explorer is the active window. 2 Click the Minimize button at the top-right of the Explorer window to hide the window. Windows® Explorer disappears from the desktop. However, it is still open, as you can see from the taskbar. HINT: Minimizing program windows is a good way to clean up the desktop without actually closing programs. 3 Click the Maximize button in the top-right corner of the Paint window., 144 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows The Paint window expands to fill the screen, hiding everything except the taskbar. Notice that the Maximize button has changed. It is now called the Restore button. HINT: Maximizing a program is a good way to work when you are only using that program and do not want any distractions on the screen.

Resizing and moving windows

1 Click the Restore button in the top-right corner of the Paint window. Paint returns to its previous size and location. Notice that the Restore button has changed back into the Maximize button. For the next few steps assume that you want to be able to see both Paint and Windows® Explorer at the same time. 2 Move the cursor to the right-hand edge of the Paint window. The cursor changes to a two-headed arrow. 3 Click and drag the edge of the window until it takes up just less than half the width of the desktop. 4 Click the title bar of the Paint window and drag it to the left side of the desktop. You can move any window by clicking its title bar and dragging it. 5 Click My Documents on the taskbar. 6 Repeat steps 3 and 4 to change the size and position of Windows® Explorer, placing it on the right side of the desktop., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 8: Closing programs 145 Now that the windows are side by side, you can see how you could refer to one window while working in the other. Resizing and moving windows allows you to rearrange the desktop to suit your needs. Experiment with different sizes and placements of windows to find the best arrangement for your work. At this point you have two programs open on the desktop. The next lesson shows you how to close them.

Lesson 8: Closing programs

Once you are finished working with a document or program, it is a good idea to close it. While you can run several programs at the same time, having a large number of programs and documents open simultaneously can slow down your computer. This lesson teaches you how to close the programs you opened earlier in this tutorial. To close the programs: 1 Click the Close button at the top-right of the Explorer window. That is all there is to it. Windows® Explorer closes, removing the Explorer button from the taskbar as well. 2 Close Paint and the My Computer window (assuming it is still open) by clicking the Close buttons for each program. HINT: Always save your work before you close a program., 146 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 9: Creating shortcuts

Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts

By adding shortcuts to your desktop, you can open programs or files with the click of a button. You will probably want to create shortcuts for the programs you use most frequently. This lesson explains how to create shortcuts using two operating system accessories, Calculator and Character Map, as examples.

Creating a shortcut to the Calculator

Use this method when you know the name and location of the program file to which you would like to create a shortcut. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays the desktop shortcut menu. 2 Click New, then click Shortcut. The operating system displays the Create Shortcut window. Sample Create Shortcut window 3 In the Command line box, type c:\windows\system32\calc.exe and click Next. The operating system prompts you to select a name for the shortcut., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts 147 4 Type Calculator and click Finish. The operating system displays the new shortcut on your desktop.

Creating a shortcut to the Character Map

Use this method when you don’t know the name and location of the program file. 1 Click Start, then click Search. Sample Search option on the Start menu The operating system displays the Search Results window., 148 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 9: Creating shortcuts Sample Search Results window HINT: Search also allows you to perform searches on the Internet. 2 Click All files and folders. 3 Type char in the text box labeled: In all or part of the file name. The operating system displays a list of all the files with “char” in their names. 4 Click the Character Map file with the secondary button and drag and drop it on the desktop. 5 In the desktop shortcut menu, click Create Shortcuts here., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 10: Changing the screen saver 149 A shortcut to the Character Map appears on your desktop. NOTE: Shortcut icons can be recognized by an arrow in the lower- left corner of the icon. Deleting the icon will not affect the program itself. Clicking a shortcut icon opens the program or folder immediately. You can place as many shortcuts on your desktop as you find useful. HINT: The Character Map is a useful tool when you want to add a special character to a document.

Lesson 10: Changing the screen saver

You can personalize the background area of your desktop with pictures, patterns, or colors. The background is considered a “property” of your desktop. This lesson will not only teach you how to change the background, but will also introduce you to properties. The Windows® XP operating system treats all windows, icons, programs, drives, etc. as self-contained objects, each with its own set of properties (such as size, position on- screen, and color). Many of these properties can be customized to meet your particular needs and tastes. DEFINITION: An object is an independent block of data, text, or graphics that was created by an individual application. This lesson introduces object properties by showing you how to change one of the properties of the desktop—the screen saver. This is a continuously changing pattern that appears on the screen during pauses in your work., 150 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 10: Changing the screen saver 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays the desktop shortcut menu. 2 Click Properties. The operating system displays the Display Properties window. Sample Display Properties window 3 Click the Screen Saver tab. 4 Click the arrow beside the current option—probably “(None)” —to open the screen saver list box. 5 Scroll through the screen saver options by clicking the scroll arrows in the list box. 6 Try a screen saver pattern by clicking a name in the list box. The operating system displays your selection in the monitor above the list box. Try several patterns. 7 To apply a pattern to your desktop, click Apply., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 11: Setting the date and time 151 8 After you have chosen a screen saver pattern and applied it to your desktop, click OK. The operating system returns you to the desktop. You can view any object’s properties by clicking the object with the secondary button, then choosing Properties from the shortcut menu that appears. The next lesson explains how to set two other properties—the date and time.

Lesson 11: Setting the date and time

You initially set the computer’s date and time properties when you turned the computer on for the first time and set up the operating system. To change the date and time settings: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Date, Time, Language, and Regional Options. 3 Click one of the following: ❖ Change the date and time in the Pick a task section. ❖ Date and Time in the or pick a Control Panel icon section. The Date and Time Properties window appears., 152 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop Sample Date and Time Properties window HINT: To open the Date and Time Properties window more quickly, either click the time display on the taskbar with the secondary button, then click Adjust Date/Time, or double-click the time display. 4 Click the Date and Time tab and set the correct month, year, day, and time. 5 Click the Time Zone tab and drop-down list box, and set your time zone. 6 Click OK. 7 Close the Control Panel.

Lesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop

Earlier in this tutorial, you created a new icon on the desktop. Since everything you have done to this point has been just practice, you may want to return the desktop back to its original uncluttered state. This lesson explains how to remove objects from the desktop and introduces the Recycle Bin. 1 Click the New Folder icon you created, drag it until it is over the Recycle Bin icon and it changes color, then release the primary button., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop 153 The icon disappears, but it has not really gone. It is merely set aside in the Recycle Bin so that you can restore or delete it later. 2 Repeat step 1 for any other icons you created during this tutorial. Each icon disappears as you drop it on the Recycle Bin. 3 Double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The operating system opens the Recycle Bin window. Notice that all the icons you dropped on the Recycle Bin are listed. Sample Recycle Bin window 4 To completely remove an object, select it, and then click File, Delete. The Confirm File Delete window appears. 5 Click Yes to permanently remove the file. The object is permanently deleted from the Recycle Bin. Later on—in your real work, not in this tutorial—you will use the Recycle Bin to delete other objects such as folders,, 154 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 13: Using System Restore documents, and sometimes even programs. Still, the process is the same. Just drag an object’s icon to the Recycle Bin. If you change your mind and want to restore an object you sent to the Recycle Bin, select the object with the secondary button and click Restore. The operating system restores the object to the place from which it was deleted. You can also restore the object by dragging it to the desktop. But when you are absolutely certain that you never want to see it again, delete it from the Recycle Bin. To delete everything from the Recycle Bin at once, choose Empty Recycle Bin from the File menu. HINT: Empty the Recycle Bin periodically. Even though an item is moved to the Recycle Bin, it still uses valuable space on the hard disk drive until it is deleted from the Recycle Bin.

Lesson 13: Using System Restore

The System Restore feature allows you to return your computer to the way it was configured on a specific date or time, a “restore point.” This is useful if you are reconfiguring your computer for new hardware or software. In the event that your hardware or software causes your computer to malfunction, you can remove the offending item(s) and restore the system to the state it was in at the preset time. To get to System Restore, click Start, click All Programs, point to Accessories and System Tool, and click System Restore. The System Restore Welcome screen appears., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? 155 Sample System Restore welcome screen The Windows® XP operating system guides you through the process of storing your system settings for future use. It also guides you through restoring your system to the selected date or time.

Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do?

This teaches you how to use some of the Help features in the Windows® XP operating system.

Windows® XP Help and Support

The operating system has a Help facility. If you cannot figure out how to do something, the answer is probably only a few clicks away. Assume that you want to draw a picture, but don’t know how. 1 If you don’t have an application open, press F1, otherwise click Start, then click Help and Support. The operating system opens the Help and Support Center window., 156 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? 2 If you do not see the index, click index. Help and Support displays the Index. Sample Help and Support Index The left side of the screen contains the index. The text box above the index, where the cursor is flashing, lets you type in a topic you want to find in the index. 3 Type drawing in the text box. Notice as you type that the index moves to locate what you typed., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? 157 Sample help window for drawings Notice that under the category drawings, there is a subcategory: creating using Paint. 4 Highlight creating using Paint, then click Display. Help opens a topic screen that, in the window’s right pane, gives a brief description of Paint and provides different ways for accessing the program, including through use of a hot link (Paint). Not every Help topic contains a hot link to start the program it is talking about. However, when you do encounter one, it provides a convenient way to start the program to look at while you read about the program in the Help topic.

Using the Windows® XP tour

Whether you are new to computers or you have some experience, the Windows® XP tour is a good way to learn about the operating system’s features., 158 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 15: Turning off your computer To start the tour: 1 Click Start, then click Tour Windows XP The Windows XP Tour window appears. 2 Follow the instructions. Sample Windows XP Tour window

Lesson 15: Turning off your computer

It is very important that you let the operating system turn off your computer. As it shuts down, the operating system performs a number of tasks that ensure that everything is in place the next time you turn on the computer. To turn off the computer using either Turn Off or Shut down, see “Powering down the computer” on page 98.,

Chapter 6 Exploring Your Options

In this chapter, you will explore other features of your notebook computer.

Windows® XP special features

The Windows® XP operating system offers you several new features and enhancements, including: ❖ New system file protection ❖ A system restore function, allowing you to rollback the system to its previous mode ❖ An improved help center, support automation, and automatic Windows® operating system update ❖ Wizards to simplify setting up your home network ❖ Ability to share one Internet connection among multiple PCs ❖ An automatic discovery feature that allows your computer to detect new and intelligent devices, 160 Exploring Your OptionsPersonalizing your desktop

Personalizing your desktop

Your desktop is your virtual workspace. This section explains how to customize its features for the way you like to work. You can customize the following aspects of the desktop: ❖ Taskbar — which resources to display for quick access ❖ Web content — what information from the Internet to always display ❖ Desktop style — how windows are displayed and how to browse folders and files ❖ Toolbars — what information appears at the top of each window

Customizing the taskbar

As you work, the taskbar changes to reflect what you are doing. Its icons provide shortcuts to programs, documents, files, folders, system features, and components. For example, you can personalize the taskbar to include your favorite URL addresses or local folders and programs. DEFINITION: URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which is the address that defines the route to a file on the Web or any other Internet facility. Generically, it is known as the World Wide Web site address. Having a list of favorite URLs handy saves time. Using it bypasses the need for you to launch your browser first. To customize your taskbar settings, point to an empty space in the taskbar and click the secondary button., Exploring Your Options Personalizing your desktop 161

Changing desktop and browsing style

The operating system enables you to customize the way you view your desktop and browse the files and folders on your local computer or network file server. You can arrange that: ❖ Items that normally require a double-click will open with a single click. ❖ Folders will open in their own window instead of in the same window. ❖ Folders are accompanied by a list of common tasks instead of displayed alone. The options you choose determine how you browse in the operating system, regardless of whether you start from the desktop, My Computer, Windows® Explorer, or Internet Explorer. For more information about changing your desktop style, enter customizing the desktop on the Index tab in Help and Support.

Choosing a style

To select desktop and browsing style options: 1 Click Start, then click My Computer. The My Computer window appears. 2 Select the Tools menu, then click Folder Options. The Folder Options window appears., 162 Exploring Your OptionsPersonalizing your desktop Sample Web-style option 3 Select the preferred options. 4 Click Apply, then click OK.

Personalizing individual windows

Just as you can display a Web page on your desktop, you can also display a Web page in an individual window. If you subscribe to the Web page, it can be automatically updated on a regular basis. For example, using this Web integration feature you can monitor weather, game scores, stock prices, or headlines — all in the window of your choice. To display a Web page in an individual window: 1 Click Start, Help and Support. The Help and Support window appears. 2 Type “Active Desktop” in the search field., Exploring Your Options Personalizing your desktop 163 3 Click the Add Web content to your desktop link. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions.

Customizing window toolbars

You can display one or more customizable toolbars at the top of a window. As you browse, the operating system detects the kind of information presented in the window and automatically displays the appropriate toolbar buttons and menus. You can also add these toolbars to the taskbar. Address bar Standard buttons Sample toolbar locations, 164 Exploring Your OptionsPersonalizing your desktop The elements you can add to the top of the window are: Toolbar element Description Address Bar Opens Web pages, programs, folders, or documents. By default, the address bar shows your current location, and whether it is a folder or a Web page. You can browse to another location by typing an address — a URL, a path, or even a program name. If you start typing a previously typed address, the AutoComplete feature finishes the address for you. Standard buttons Displays buttons for commonly used commands, such as copying, pasting, deleting items, changing views, and browsing backward and forward. Links Displays buttons to Web sites.

Displaying a toolbar in a window

1 Click Start, then click My Computer. The My Computer window appears. 2 On the View menu, point to Toolbars, then click the name of the toolbar you want to display. The toolbar appears below the menu bar of the current window.

Displaying information about each folder

In addition to displaying the contents of each window, you might find it helpful to have the operating system display the name of the folder and brief information about how to use the folder. 1 Click Start, then click My Computer., Exploring Your Options Personalizing your desktop 165 The My Computer window appears. 2 Double-click the folder you want to open. 3 In the Tools menu, select Folder Options. The Folders Options box appears. 4 In the Tasks section, click the button for Show common tasks in folders. 5 Click Apply, then click OK. Helpful information on how to use the folders appears on one side of the window. Sample folder with how-to information To remove the informational boxes: 1 In the Tools menu, select Folders Options. The Folders Options box appears. 2 In the Tasks section, click the button for Use Windows classic folders. 3 Click Apply, then OK., 166 Exploring Your OptionsUsing your computer at the office

Using your computer at the office

By connecting an external monitor, external full-size keyboard and an external mouse, you can work with your notebook as if it were a standard office computer. An external monitor connects to the RGB (monitor) port. An external mouse and keyboard connect to the USB ports. In addition, you can connect your notebook to the office network. See “Connecting your computer to a network” on page 168.

Exchanging data with another computer

There are several ways in which you can transfer information between your notebook and another computer: ❖ Locally, using a direct cable link ❖ Locally, over a network ❖ Remotely using a dial-up connection

Setting up a direct cable connection

To establish a direct cable connection with another computer: 1 Click Start, All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, Communications, and click New Connection Wizard. 3 Click Next. 4 Select Set up an advanced connection. 5 Click Next. 6 Select Connect directly to another computer. 7 Choose the appropriate role for your computer: ❖ Guest ❖ Host, Exploring Your Options Exchanging data with another computer 167 8 Follow the on-screen instructions.

Setting up for communications

In order to connect to the Internet, use an online service, or access a network through a dial-up connection, you need: ❖ A modem (one comes with your computer) ❖ A telephone line ❖ A browser or communications program ❖ An Internet Service Provider (ISP) or online service if you plan to use the Internet

Connecting the modem to a telephone line

Before you can use the modem, you must connect it to a standard voice-grade telephone line. See “Connecting the modem” on page 96. TECHNICAL NOTE: If you are using the telephone line at home, disable Call Waiting before you connect through the modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.

Determining the COM port

Your modem is connected to one of the computer’s COM (communications) ports. The default setting for the modem is COM3. The following procedure is intended to support you if you need to either upgrade your modem or reset the port to the default settings. If you’re having trouble connecting through the modem, you may need to determine the current COM port name and possibly change it., 168 Exploring Your OptionsExchanging data with another computer To find out which port your modem is connected to in the operating system: 1 Click Start, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel appears. 2 Click Printers and Other Hardware. 3 Click Phone and Modem Options. The Phone and Modem Options window appears. 4 Click the Modems tab. A location box appears. In the Attached to field, the COM port is specified. Your modem should be listed under Modem. 5 To verify that the modem is set up properly: ❖ Click the port to which your modem is connected. ❖ Click Properties. ❖ Click the Diagnostics tab. ❖ Click Query Modem. The Modem AMR Properties box appears. 6 Click the General tab. The computer should indicate whether the modem is working properly. 7 If the modem isn’t working properly, click Troubleshooting and follow the instructions. 8 Click OK to close the Properties box, then the Phone and Modem Options windows. 9 Close the Control Panel.

Connecting your computer to a network

You can connect your computer to a network to increase its capabilities and functionality., Exploring Your Options Exchanging data with another computer 169

Accessing a network

To access: ❖ A wired network at the office, connect an Ethernet cable to the RJ45 jack on your computer. ❖ A remote network, you need a dial-up connection. ❖ A wireless network, you need a wireless networking PC Card, or contact your authorized Toshiba representative.

Setting up a dial-up connection

To set up a dial-up connection, use the New Connection Wizard: 1 Click Start and point to All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, then to Communications, and click New Connection Wizard. 3 Follow the on-screen instructions. The computer connects to the network.

Setting up a wireless connection

For information on how to set up a wireless connection, refer to your wireless networking device documentation.

Accessing the wireless modules using your system tray

This information applies to systems with the optional Wi-Fi feature. When using your Wi-Fi Mini PCI module, your computer may display a PC Card icon in the desktop’s system tray to indicate that it is in use. Do not confuse the system tray’s icon with other removable PC Card devices you may have installed. You can use the system tray’s PC Card icon to turn off your Wi-Fi Mini PCI module. However, you will need to restart your computer to turn it back on., 170 Exploring Your OptionsAn overview of using the Internet Your optional Wi-Fi Mini PCI module is integrated into your computer system. It is recommended that you do not remove the module from your computer. For assistance, contact a Toshiba Wireless Authorized Service Partner.

An overview of using the Internet

The following sections give a quick introduction to the Internet and some of its exciting features, under these headings: ❖ The Internet ❖ The World Wide Web ❖ Internet Service Providers ❖ Connecting to the Internet using a telephone line ❖ Surfing the Internet ❖ Internet features ❖ Uploading and downloading files from the Internet For more information about the Internet, see “Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet” on page 136.

The Internet

The Internet is an association of thousands of networks and millions of computers around the world connected by communications lines. They all work together to share information.

The World Wide Web

The World Wide Web (or ‘Web’) is a subset of the Internet — a collection of interlinked documents (located on computers connected to the Internet) that work together using a specific Internet protocol called Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The World Wide Web offers information as text, images, audio, or video to be referenced from anywhere in the world., Exploring Your Options An overview of using the Internet 171 Special programs called Web browsers are specifically designed to work with HTTP. They make it easier to connect to a particular network address and send and receive information.

Internet Service Providers

To connect a computer directly to the Internet, many people and businesses use an Internet Service Provider (ISP). An ISP is a company that has the equipment and the telecommunication lines necessary to maintain an Internet connection. You can connect to the Internet by using a telephone line and modem or through other higher-speed communication methods such as Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL), cable, or satellite links.

Connecting to the Internet using a telephone line

To connect to the Internet, you need: ❖ A modem ❖ A Web browser ❖ A telephone line ❖ An Internet Service Provider (ISP) account Once you have established an ISP account, you can access the Internet. 1 Connect your computer’s modem to a telephone line. For more information on connecting a modem, see “Connecting the modem” on page 96. 2 Start your Web browser. Have your modem dial the ISP’s telephone number, and establish a connection with the ISP’s computer., 172 Exploring Your OptionsAn overview of using the Internet

Surfing the Internet

Once connected to the Internet, the Web browser displays a home page, for example, your ISP’s home page on the Internet or your company’s Web site home page. To visit a desired Web site, type in the Web address. The Web address, or Uniform Resource Locator (URL), is a unique identifier for that computer system linked to the Internet. Web addresses can also appear within a Web page’s text, and are known as links. Clicking a link automatically transfers your Web browser to that site. You can also use a Search Engine, a Web site specifically designed to help you look for information.

Internet features

The Internet offers many types of communication tools to help you perform many tasks. ❖ Internet email To send and receive email of your own, you need a mailbox on the Web, or an email address. If you have an account with an ISP, you can probably set up an email address at the same time as you sign up for the service. ❖ Internet chat rooms A chat room is a Web site that offers a place where people with similar interests and ideas can communicate in real-time, one-on-one or in groups, by typing messages which are instantly viewed by others on their computer screens. ❖ Internet news groups A news group is similar to a chat room, but instead of using a dedicated site to converse about a specialized subject with others in real-time, it uses a Web site as a, Exploring Your Options Toshiba’s online resources 173 clearinghouse where all the messages are placed, like a gigantic bulletin board. ❖ Online shopping Many Web sites offer products and services for sale.

Uploading and downloading files from the Internet

Transferring files from one computer to another is termed uploading (transferring data from your computer to a site on the Web), or downloading (transferring data from a site on the Web to your computer). There are several ways to upload or download data. It can be as simple as attaching a file or document to an email, or you can use the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) features of your Web browser to transfer large amounts of data.

Toshiba’s online resources

Toshiba maintains a number of online sites to which you can connect. These sites provide information about Toshiba products, give help with technical questions, and keep you up to date with future upgrades. For more information, see “Contacting Toshiba” on page 250.

Exploring video features

Your computer’s video features enable you to view Windows® presentations or DVD movies either on the computer screen (display panel or external monitor) or on a television set. For information on connecting: ❖ An external monitor, see “Using external display devices” on page 54. ❖ A television set, see “Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television”., 174 Exploring Your OptionsExploring video features

Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television

To view a DVD movie or Windows® presentation in full- screen mode on your television, you need video and audio cables. You must purchase both cables. The audio cable is “Y”-shaped and has a 3.5 mm stereo jack at one end; and red and white RCA-type connectors at the “Y” end. 1 Connect one end of the video cable to the video out port on your computer and the other end to the appropriate jack on your television. 2 Connect the stereo jack of the audio cable to the headphone out on your computer. Connect the red and white RCA-type connectors of the audio cable’s “Y” end to the corresponding jacks on the television. 3 Press Fn and F5 repeatedly to select the TV-only display option. Sample display options window The picture will automatically display on the TV screen. 4 If a movie is already playing, turn it off and repeat step 4. NOTE: As you press the Fn and F5 keys, the display box shifts to highlight the different display output devices. When the TV box is highlighted, release the Fn and F5 keys to send the display to the video out. To return to the internal LCD display, press the Fn and F5 keys again and highlight the internal LCD and external TV., Exploring Your Options Exploring audio features 175

Playing DVDs

1 Open the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW tray. 2 Place the DVD in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD- RW drive. 3 Launch WinDVD 2000 and press the Play button. Audio volume controls Time slider Counter Exit Web Playlist Repeat Eject Expanded controls button Maximize Properties Directional buttons Help button Sample WinDVD control panel For more information about using WinDVD 2000, see “WinDVD 2000” on page 198.

Exploring audio features

You can use your computer to record sounds using an external microphone. You can play .wav sound files or audio CDs using the built-in speakers, headphones or external speakers.

Recording sounds

You can make audio recordings and save them as .wav files by connecting an external microphone or other sound source, 176 Exploring Your OptionsExploring audio features to the microphone in jack and using the Sound Recorder feature in the operating system. DEFINITION: A .wav (pronounced “wave”) file is the format for storing sound in files.

Using a microphone

Attaching a microphone 1 Connect an external microphone to the computer. 2 Click Start, point to All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, then click Sound Recorder. Positioning bar Record Stop Play Skip forward Skip backward Sample Sound Recorder screen, Exploring Your Options Exploring audio features 177 3 Click the Record button and speak normally into the microphone. NOTE: You can only record 60 seconds at a time. 4 When you have finished recording, click the Stop button. 5 To hear what you just recorded, click the Play button. 6 To save the file, select Save from the File menu.

Adjusting recording quality

The better the quality of the recording, the more disk space the sound file requires. Experiment to find a balance that fits your needs. 1 Open Sound Recorder, if necessary (click Start, point to All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, then click Sound Recorder). 2 In the Sound Recorder window, click Edit, then click Audio Properties. 3 In the Audio Properties window, adjust the Sound Playback quality and volume, and the Sound Recording volume. 4 Click OK. Your new settings take effect the next time you record.

Using external speakers or headphones

Your computer is equipped with a full stereo sound system and internal speakers. Instead of using the internal speakers, you can connect headphones or a pair of external stereo speakers., 178 Exploring Your OptionsExploring audio features TECHNICAL NOTE: Use amplified speakers that require an external power source. Other types of speakers will be inadequate to produce sound from the computer. To play back sound files through external speakers or headphones: 1 Locate the headphone out on the computer. Attaching a headphone or speaker cable 2 Using any necessary adapters, plug the cable from the headphones or external speakers into the headphone out. The headphone out requires a 16-ohm stereo mini-jack. 3 Adjust the volume: ❖ For external speakers, use the volume controls on each speaker. ❖ For headphones, use the computer’s volume control dial., Exploring Your Options Using PC Cards 179

Using PC Cards

PC Cards expand your computer’s capabilities and usefulness. You can purchase additional PC Cards from your dealer. Most PC Cards conform to the PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) standard. Your computer has two stacked PC Card slots and supports two types of PC Cards, known as types II and III: ❖ A Type II card is typically used for memory storage, as a network card, and so on. You can install two Type II cards. ❖ A Type III card is used for removable hard disks and other functions that require a larger card. You can install one of these cards. Check the documentation that came with the PC Card to see if it conforms to the PCMCIA 2.01 standard, or later. Other cards may work with your computer, but are likely to be much more difficult to set up and use.

PC Card supporting software

The operating system provides the Card and Socket Services for your PC Card and is installed automatically. Even if your PC Card comes with its own version of Card and Socket Services, you should use the files included in the Windows® XP operating system., 180 Exploring Your OptionsUsing PC Cards

Inserting PC Cards

Inserting a PC Card 1 If your PC Card does not support hot swapping, save your data and turn off the computer before inserting the PC Card. For more information, see “Hot swapping” on page 181. 2 Hold the PC Card with the arrow or main label side up and the connector side toward the slot. 3 Align the card connectors with an available PC Card slot and carefully slide the card into the slot until it locks into place. NOTE: If you have a Type III card, insert the connector into the lower slot. If you have a Type II card, you can insert it into either the upper or the lower slot. CAUTION: To avoid damaging the PC Card or the computer, don’t force the card into the PC Card slot., Exploring Your Options Using PC Cards 181

Removing PC Cards

1 Click the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray. 2 Click Safely remove xxxx, where xxxx is the identifier for your PC Card. The operating system advises you that you may safely remove the card. 3 Press the PC Card eject button next to the PC Card slot in use. Ejecting a PC Card 4 Remove the PC Card and store it properly.

Hot swapping

One of the great things about PC Cards is that you can replace one PC Card with another while the computer is on. This is called “hot swapping.”

Hot swapping precautions

Although you can insert a PC Card at any time, to avoid data loss never remove a card while it is in use. For example: ❖ Never remove an ATA card while the system is accessing it., 182 Exploring Your OptionsUsing PC Cards ❖ Never remove a network card while you are connected to a network. ❖ Never remove a SCSI card while any of the SCSI devices connected to it are operating. DEFINITION: SCSI is an acronym for Small Computer Systems Interface. A single SCSI PC Card enables you to connect several SCSI devices, such as a scanner or digital camera to your computer. Before removing a PC Card, shut it down by clicking the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray. Once the PC Card has stopped, you can safely remove it.,

Chapter 7 Toshiba Utilities

Your computer includes several utilities designed to help you to configure your system to best meet your individual needs. Together, these allow you to ascertain certain system details, set additional options, or change default options. These utilities are described in this chapter: ❖ TOSHIBA Accessibility ❖ Fn-esse® ❖ Hotkey utility ❖ Toshiba Console ❖ TOSHIBA Power Saver ❖ Toshiba Hardware Setup

TOSHIBA Accessibility

The TOSHIBA Accessibility utility allows you to use the Fn key to create a hot key combination with one of the function keys without pressing the two keys simultaneously as is usually required., 184 Toshiba UtilitiesFn-esse Using Accessibility enables you to make the Fn key a sticky key, meaning you can press it once, release it and then press a function key to activate the hot key function. To open Accessibility: 1 Click Start, then click All Programs. 2 Select Toshiba Utilities, then select Accessibility. The TOSHIBA Accessibility window appears. 3 Check the Use Fn-StickyKey box. Sample TOSHIBA Accessibility window 4 Put a check mark next to the desired option. 5 Click Apply, then click OK. The function is now active.

Fn-esse

The operating system shortcuts and Toshiba’s Fn-esse program provide quick ways to open programs, documents,, Toshiba Utilities Fn-esse 185 and folders from within any program without using the Start menu. This section describes how to use the Fn-esse program to quickly access your programs and files. For information on creating operating system shortcuts, see “Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts” on page 146. With Fn-esse, you can assign an Fn key combination to: ❖ Open a Windows® program ❖ Open a file in its associated Windows® program ❖ Display a customized folder of Windows® programs and/ or files from which to choose Fn-esse also has several keys, known as hot keys, that perform preassigned operations. For more information, see “Hot Keys” on page 255. You can assign any key that is not associated with a hot key or a keyboard overlay.

Starting Fn-esse

To access Fn-esse, click Start, All Programs, Toshiba Utilities and Fn-esse. The Fn-esse keyboard appears. Sample Fn-esse keyboard The keys are color-coded as follows: ❖ Available keys are black., 186 Toshiba UtilitiesFn-esse ❖ Assigned keys and keys associated with a popup list are shown on the Fn-esse keyboard in the selected color. ❖ Unavailable keys are dark gray.

Assigning a key to a program or document

There are two ways to assign a key to open a program or document: ❖ Drag-and-drop ❖ Use the keyboard or TouchPad The method most often used is drag-and-drop.

Using drag-and-drop

To assign a key to a program or document: 1 Start both Fn-esse and Windows® Explorer (or the program supporting drag-and-drop). 2 Resize the Explorer window so that you can see both the Fn-esse keyboard and Explorer at the same time. 3 In the Explorer window, highlight the program or document file you wish to assign to a key. 4 Click and hold the primary button as you drag the highlighted item from Explorer to the key on the Fn-esse keyboard you wish assigned. 5 Release the primary button. Fn-esse displays the Add/Edit Command window with the Description, Command Line, and Working Directory fields automatically completed. 6 Click OK to close the Add/Edit Command window with your key assignment in place. The program or document is now associated with the key you just selected. To open the program or document, press Fn plus the appropriate key from within any Windows® program., Toshiba Utilities Fn-esse 187

Using the keyboard or TouchPad

To assign a key to open a program or document: 1 Start Fn-esse. 2 Perform one of the following: ❖ Using the keyboard, press and hold the Fn key, then press the desired assignment key. ❖ Using the TouchPad, move the cursor over the desired key and press the secondary button. The Assignment Type window appears. HINT: If you are making a direct key assignment, complete step 3. If you are making a popup assignment, complete step 4. 3 To make a direct key assignment, select Direct to display the Add/Edit Command window, then complete these steps: ❖ Enter the Description, Command Line, and Working Directory for the new Fn-esse key assignment, or click the Browse button to specify this information. ❖ Click OK. 4 To make a popup assignment, select Popup to display the Application Explorer window, then complete these steps: ❖ Select the desired folder. The left side of the Application Explorer window displays the folders in the Programs menu. The right side lists the programs and documents in the folder. These are the items that appear in the popup list. ❖ To create a popup list with items from various folders, or to pick only a few items from a folder, create a new folder containing only the desired programs and documents. If you are unsure how to, 188 Toshiba UtilitiesHotkey utility do this, refer to your operating system documentation. ❖ Click OK to associate the folder with the key you just selected. ❖ To open a popup list showing the items in that folder, press Fn plus the appropriate key from within any Windows® program.

Viewing existing key assignments

To view the existing key assignments, choose Assignments from the Fn-esse keyboard. Fn-esse displays the Function Key Assignments window. This box lists all the key assignments and the program or document to which each key is assigned. To view items in a popup list, click the Expand popup lists check box.

Changing or removing existing key assignments

1 In the Fn-esse keyboard, click the key you wish to change with the secondary button. Fn-esse displays the Assignment Type window. 2 To change the key assignment, click Direct or Popup and continue as if you were creating a new assignment. 3 To remove the key assignment, click Clear.

Hotkey utility

The hotkey utility allows you to receive a confirmation message when you use the hot key combination for Stand by [Fn+F3] and Hibernation [Fn+F4]. To activate the utility: Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba Utilities and then click Hotkey utility., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 189 The Toshiba Hotkey utility window appears. Sample Toshiba Hotkey utility window 4 Put a check mark next to the desired option. 5 Click OK.

TOSHIBA Console

The TOSHIBA Console provides quick access to computer functions and allows you to customize a range of computer settings. You can normally access the TOSHIBA Console in two ways: ❖ Press the TOSHIBA Console button located above the F9 key on your keyboard. ❖ Use the Start menu. If you use the latter, do the following: 1 Click Start, then click All Programs. 2 Point to TOSHIBA Console, then click the resulting TOSHIBA Console selection. The TOSHIBA Console window appears., 190 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console Sample TOSHIBA Console window The TOSHIBA Console offers three categories of features: ❖ Customize Your Computer ❖ Network ❖ Security

Customize Your Computer

The features available in this category are: ❖ Power Management (See “Power Management” on page 191.) ❖ TOSHIBA Button Controls (See “TOSHIBA Button Controls” on page 194.) ❖ Mouse (properties) ❖ Hotkey assignment (See “Fn-esse” on page 184.) ❖ Toshiba Hardware (See “Toshiba Hardware Setup” on page 195.), Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 191

Network

The feature in this category is the IR utility.

Security The features available in this category are:

❖ Supervisor password ❖ User password

Power Management

The Power Management feature enables you to control your computer’s power usage, regardless of the source, and use the many preset power modes, or create one yourself. To access Power Management through the TOSHIBA Console, double-click the Power Management icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears., 192 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window The Power Save Modes tab shows the power usage modes for both AC power (“Plugged in”) and battery power (Running on batteries”). You can either use one of the preset modes or create and use your own customized mode. The preset modes cannot be deleted. By changing the options that appear in the Toshiba Power Saver Properties window and clicking OK, you can reconfigure that function. Any options that you change become effective when you click either OK or Apply.

Plugged in section

This section has a single preset power usage mode — Full Power. You can create other AC power modes, but Toshiba recommends use of the preset Full Power mode., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 193 The windows and settings for creating and customizing battery power modes are described in the following sections.

Running on batteries section

The preset modes are: ❖ Long Life ❖ Normal ❖ High Power ❖ DVD Playback ❖ Presentation ❖ Super Long Life Although you can change the properties for any of these modes, this is not recommended. If you need a customized mode, create a new mode with the properties you require. The DVD Playback mode applies only when the WinDVD 2000 program is playing.

Creating a new power mode

1 Highlight one of the preset modes. 2 Click Create copy. 3 A new mode appears with the title “Copy Name” where Name is the title of the mode you copied. Delete this title, type in the name for your new power mode, then press Enter.

Customizing a power mode

1 Highlight the mode on the Power Save Modes tab window. 2 Click Details... The Properties window for the selected mode opens with the General tab displayed., 194 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console This tab enables you to choose an icon for your power usage mode, describe the mode’s characteristics and, optionally, associate it with a program. The Name field displays the name assigned to the mode in the Power Saver Properties window. You can change the name here if you wish.

TOSHIBA Button Controls

The TOSHIBA Button Controls allow you to enable or disable the TOSHIBA Console and Internet buttons and the programs associated with them. Those buttons are located just above the function keys at the top of the keyboard. To access these controls: 1 In the TOSHIBA Console window, double-click TOSHIBA Button Controls. The TOSHIBA Controls Properties window appears., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 195 Sample TOSHIBA Controls Properties window 2 Click the Buttons tab 3 Check the boxes for the TOSHIBA Console button and/or the Internet button. 4 Under Select a Program, make the desired selections. 5 Click Apply, then click OK.

Toshiba Hardware Setup

Toshiba Hardware Setup is the Toshiba configuration management tool. To access it: In the TOSHIBA Console, double-click the Toshiba Hardware icon., 196 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console Sample TOSHIBA HWSetup window The TOSHIBA HWSetup window appears with tabs for the following: ❖ Display — Allows you to select the built-in LCD and/or external monitor when the computer powers on. ❖ Boot Priority — Allows you to change the sequence in which your computer searches the drives for the operating system. You can also manually choose the Boot Priority by pressing the power button, then quickly pressing the right or left arrow keys. Select the boot device by pressing the right or left arrow keys, then pressing the Enter key. NOTE: Since the system is a quick-booting system, you must press the arrow keys immediately after pressing the power button., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 197 ❖ Keyboard — Allows you to enable or disable the “wake- up on keyboard” feature. The feature allows you to “wake” the machine from Stand by mode by pressing a key. ❖ USB — Allows you to enable or disable USB Legacy Emulation. ❖ LAN — Lets you enable or disable LAN features. ❖ General — Shows the BIOS version, and allows you to set BIOS defaults. ❖ Password — Allows you to set or reset a user password for the power-on process and for instant security. ❖ Device Config — Shows the Device configuration options. ❖ Parallel/Printer — Allows you to configure the printer port type. Choose the desired tab and accompanying options.,

Chapter 8 WinDVD 2000

WinDVD is a software program for playing back CDs and DVDs. This chapter explains how to use this program.

Playing DVDs

TECHNICAL NOTE: For optimum DVD performance, Toshiba recommends playing DVDs while your computer is connected to AC power. For systems with a DVD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunctional drive, you can use InterVideo WinDVD to play DVDs. WinDVD is an easy-to-use, full-featured multimedia control center that helps you get the most out of the exciting world of DVD technology. If your computer has, WinDVD 2000 Playing DVDs 199 a DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunctional drive, WinDVD is preinstalled on the hard disk. WARNING: Before playing a DVD, turn down the volume. Playing the disc at maximum volume could damage your ears. See “Using the control panel playback buttons” on page 202 to locate the volume control buttons. Insert a DVD into the drive, following the instructions in “Inserting a disc” on page 90. The computer automatically detects the disc in the drive and opens WinDVD. If the autoplay feature is enabled, the DVD automatically begins to play (see “Setting general properties” on page 207 for information on enabling autoplay). To open WinDVD manually: 1 Click Start, and point to All Programs. 2 Point to InterVideo WinDVD, then click InterVideo WinDVD., 200 WinDVD 2000Playing DVDs Time slider Current time slot indicator Playback speed slider Current chapter indicator Sample InterVideo WinDVD 2000 window

Using the WinDVD toolbar

The WinDVD window contains a toolbar at the top and a status bar at the bottom. If the toolbar or status bar does not appear, you can display them by following the instructions in “Setting general properties” on page 207. The toolbar contains basic DVD playback controls. Pause the cursor over a button to display its definition. The toolbar also contains an adjustment button (see “Adjusting the color balance” on page 217 for more information).

Using the WinDVD status bar

The time slider enables you to rapidly move forward or backward in the DVD content. Move the time slider to the left to go backward or move it to the right to go forward. The, WinDVD 2000 Playing DVDs 201 current time slot is indicated on the right side of the status bar. The playback speed slider enables you to control the speed at which the DVD plays. Move the slider to the left to slow the playback speed or move it to the right to play the DVD faster. Placing the slider in the center plays the DVD at normal speed, and enables the audio. The audio is automatically muted at any other playback speed. The current chapter indicator displays the DVD chapter that is currently playing.

Using the WinDVD control panel

The WinDVD control panel resembles the control panel of a standard home DVD player. TECHNICAL NOTE: The DVD author determines what features the DVD disc supports. Depending on the DVD format and your computer’s hardware configuration, some of the control panel features may be unavailable when playing a DVD. Unsupported features appear gray, and you cannot select them. Audio volume controls Time slider Counter Exit Web Playlist Repeat Eject Expanded controls button Maximize Properties Directional buttons Help button Sample WinDVD control panel, 202 WinDVD 2000Playing DVDs You can open a shortcut menu, by positioning the cursor over the WinDVD window, other than over the control panel, then clicking the secondary button. The shortcut menu contains the same features as the control panel, plus the enable caption feature, which displays captions for the hearing impaired. You can also create a playlist, to customize the order in which the DVD content plays (see “Creating playlists” on page 205). Once a DVD is playing, the counter displays the current chapter and elapsed time, in hours:minutes:seconds format. From the WinDVD control panel, you can open an expanded control panel by clicking the Expanded view button. The expanded control panel contains several advanced features. See “Using WinDVD advanced features” on page 211 for an explanation of these features.

Using the control panel playback buttons

Once you have inserted a DVD and started WinDVD, you are ready to play the disc. Using the control panel, you can play a DVD from the beginning, or move to a desired location then begin playing. Audio volume controls Time slider Counter Repeat Eject Pause Play Step Stop Help Fast reverse Previous Next Fast forward Sample WinDVD control panel, WinDVD 2000 Playing DVDs 203 Or use keyboard Click this To do this shortcut Repeat — repeat the current None chapter, if the DVD contains chapters. Otherwise this but- ton repeats the DVD from the beginning. When the repeat button is activated, the repeat symbol appears to the left of the chapter number on the control panel counter. The DVD continues to repeat until you click the repeat but- ton again, and the repeat symbol no longer displays on the control panel. Eject — open the DVD- E ROM drive disc tray. Pause — temporarily stop Spacebar playing a DVD. Play — start playing a DVD. Spacebar Step — move forward None through the DVD one frame at a time. Each time you click this button the DVD moves forward one frame. Stop — cease playing a End DVD. After stopping the DVD, click the play button to resume playing the DVD., 204 WinDVD 2000Playing DVDs Or use keyboard Click this To do this shortcut Fast reverse — move R quickly backward through the DVD content. When you reach the desired location, click the play button to resume playing the DVD. Previous — move to the PgUp beginning of the previous chapter and resume playing the DVD. Next — move to the next PgDn chapter and resume playing the DVD. Fast forward — move F quickly forward through the DVD content. When you reach the desired location, click the play button to resume playing the DVD. Time — move to a specific None time slot, then click the play button to play the DVD from the selected location. Audio volume controls — Shift ↑ click the plus button to (increases) increase volume. Click the minus button to decrease vol- Shift ↓ ume. (decreases)

Maximizing the video window

To close the WinDVD control panel and expand the video window to fill the screen, click the Maximize button., WinDVD 2000 Using playlists 205 To display the control panel again, double-click anywhere in the video window.

Using playlists

A playlist is a customized list of DVD files in the order in which you want to view them. For example, you may want to create a playlist for DVDs that contain music files, so that you can play the music selections you want in the order you want to hear them. You can only save one playlist at a time.

Creating playlists

1 On the WinDVD control panel, click the playlist button. The Playlist window appears. Sample playlist window 2 Click the File button in the lower-right corner of the window, to indicate that you are creating a playlist of individual files. 3 In the Directory list, select the file you want to play first, and click Add to put it at the top of the playlist., 206 WinDVD 2000Using playlists DVD files have an .mpg,.vob or .ac3 file name extension. After selecting a file, the file name appears in the Selected files list. You can also double-click a file name to add it to the playlist. 4 Add as many files as you wish to the playlist. You must add the files in the order in which you want to play them. To delete a file from the playlist, select the file in the Selected files list, then click Delete. To delete the entire list and start over, click Delete All. 5 When you have finished creating your playlist, click Save Playlist to save it. You do not assign a name to the saved playlist, as you can only save one playlist at a time. When you save the playlist, a confirmation window appears. 6 Click OK to close the confirmation window, then click OK to close the Playlist window.

Loading and playing playlists

1 In the Playlist window, click File to display the saved playlist of files. 2 Click Load Playlist to load the saved playlist. A confirmation window appears. 3 Click OK to close the confirmation window, then click OK to close the Playlist window. The DVD begins to play the loaded playlist.

Resuming normal playback after using playlists

To resume playing the DVD files in the normal sequence after using a playlist, click the eject button to open the disc tray, then close it again. The DVD disc resumes normal playback., WinDVD 2000 Customizing WinDVD 207

Customizing WinDVD

You can control several general WinDVD characteristics, such as whether the toolbar and status bar are visible, as well as numerous audio and display features. You control these general, audio and display features from the Properties window. 1 Launch WinDVD, if it is not already running. 2 On the WinDVD control panel, click the Properties button. WinDVD displays the Properties window, with the General tab on top. Sample Properties window with the General tab on top

Setting general properties

You use the General tab to select the region code, the drive letter assigned to the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive, the autoplay default option, and which WinDVD toolbars are displayed by default. Region coding is part of the protection system for DVD content. It divides the world into six regions. The intent is to enable specific content to be viewed in a specific region. The, 208 WinDVD 2000Customizing WinDVD current region code of the WinDVD player installed in your computer is Region 1, comprising the United States and Canada. NOTE: Most DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drives let you change the region code, usually between one and five times. Once a drive has reached the limit, the region code cannot be changed again. Pay careful attention to the Remaining times until permanent box on the General properties tab. 1 To change the region code, select the desired option in the Current regions list. The Remaining times until permanent box displays the remaining number of times you can change the current region before the setting becomes permanent. 2 In the Player settings Default DVD drive box, select your DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive letter. 3 Select the Player settings Auto play check box to enable the auto play feature. Clear the check box to disable this feature. When enabled, the auto play feature automatically launches a DVD-ROM when it is inserted in the DVD- ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. 4 In the View box, select the items you want displayed when WinDVD launches. Tool bar is the bar containing basic player functions that is displayed at the top of the WinDVD video window. Status bar is the bar that is displayed at the bottom of the WinDVD video window. Player is the WinDVD control panel. 5 Click OK to save your settings., WinDVD 2000 Customizing WinDVD 209

Setting audio properties

1 In the Properties window, click the Audio tab. The Audio tab moves to the front. The Current audio track box displays the current audio format and attributes. Sample Properties window with Audio tab on top 2 In the Audio channels box, select the appropriate speaker mode to match your setup as follows: ❖ If you have two speakers, select one of the 2 speaker modes. Mono mixes the audio channels into one channel. Stereo mixes the audio channels into two channels. Dolby Surround Compatible mixes the audio channels into two channels plus Dolby Pro Logic Surround sound. 3D audio provides standard 3D audio sound., 210 WinDVD 2000Customizing WinDVD

Setting display properties

1 In the Properties window, click the Display tab. The Display tab moves to the front. Sample Properties window with Display tab selected 2 Select the Lock aspect ratio check box to maintain the original aspect ratio when the video window is resized. Otherwise clear the check box. 3 Select the Startup in full screen mode check box to automatically start WinDVD each time with the video window maximized and the control panel hidden. Otherwise, clear the check box. 4 Select the OSD (On Screen Display) check box to enable OSD. Otherwise, clear the check box. 5 Click OK to save the settings.

Customizing the control panel

You can configure the control panel’s appearance. Position the cursor over the control panel, then click the secondary button to display a shortcut menu of control panel options. You can select a new control panel background color, or, WinDVD 2000 Using WinDVD advanced features 211 select WinDVD to display the control panel in a different format. You can also select About to display copyright and version information.

Using WinDVD advanced features

The features described in this section are available on the WinDVD expanded control panel. To open the expanded control panel, click the expanded controls button on the WinDVD main control panel. See “Playing DVDs” on page 198 for help locating the expanded controls button. Directional buttons Numeric keypad Playback speed slider Brightness slider Audio tracks Camera angles Subtitles Bookmarks Sample WinDVD expanded control panel, 212 WinDVD 2000Using WinDVD advanced features Or use keyboard Use this To do this shortcut Playback speed— None control the speed at which the DVD plays. Move the slider to the left to slow the play- back speed or move it to the right to play the DVD faster. Placing the slider in the cen- ter plays the DVD at normal speed, and enables the audio. The audio is automati- cally muted at any other playback speed. Brightness — move + (increases) the slider to the right to increase video - (decreases) brightness. Move it to the left to decrease brightness. Directional buttons ↑ (Up) — use to navigate the → (Right) WinDVD menus, as ↓ (Down) you would the arrow ← (Left) keys on the keyboard. Enter The center button rep- resents Enter., WinDVD 2000 Using WinDVD advanced features 213 Or use keyboard Use this To do this shortcut Numeric keypad — 0 - 9 use these buttons to select a chapter by entering the chapter number. After you have entered a chapter number, click the enter button on the lower-right corner of the numeric keypad (↵ ) to begin playing that chapter. You can clear an entry by clicking the clear (X) button on the lower- left corner of the numeric keypad. Menu button — dis- None play all available menus for the current DVD. Examples of menus are: Root, Audio Language, Subtitles. Use your mouse or the control panel directional but- tons to select a menu. Click Resume to resume DVD play- back., 214 WinDVD 2000Using WinDVD advanced features Or use keyboard Use this To do this shortcut Chapter button — C display a list of all the chapters in the cur- rent DVD. Select the chapter you want to play, or use the numeric keypad to enter the chapter num- ber. Title button — Dis- T play a list of all the titles on the current DVD. Click the title you want to play, then click Enter. Audio tracks — dis- A play a list of all the audio track options. This feature is most commonly used with multi-language con- tent to change the spo- ken/heard language. This button is enabled only when the DVD supports dynamic audio track changes., WinDVD 2000 Using WinDVD advanced features 215 Or use keyboard Use this To do this shortcut Subtitles — displayaSlist of all the avail- able language subti- tles. This button is enabled only for DVD content that includes subtitles and supports dynamic subtitle information changes. Select the desired lan- guage, or select Default to display subtitles in the DVD’s default language. Camera angles — G display a list of all the available camera angles. Due to differ- ences in the DVD mastering process, some multi-angle views may not func- tion properly., 216 WinDVD 2000Using WinDVD advanced features Or use keyboard Use this To do this shortcut Bookmark — save an None unlimited number of locations on the DVD for quick reference. On the bookmark shortcut menu, click Add to open the Add Bookmark window. Type a bookmark name, then click OK. The bookmark name appears on the book- mark shortcut menu. Click the bookmark name to go to that location on the DVD. Click Delete All to delete all bookmarks.

Zooming in

You can zoom in on an area of the WinDVD video window to get a closer look. 1 Click the Zoom button, located in the upper-left corner of the directional button panel. 2 Position the cursor over the top-left corner of the area you want to view in close up. 3 Hold the primary button and drag the cursor to the bottom- right corner of the area you want to view in close up. A dotted rectangle appears around the area you wish to view., WinDVD 2000 Using WinDVD advanced features 217 4 Release the primary button. WinDVD automatically fills the window with the selected area.

Panning

Once you are zoomed in on an area of the WinDVD video window, you can move the zoom window location using the pan feature. 1 With the video window in zoom mode, click the pan button, located in the lower-right corner of the directional button panel. 2 With the cursor over the center of the window, drag the zoomed window up, down, left or right. The close-up view changes to reflect the new zoom window location.

Zooming out

To return the video to normal size, click the zoom button. The video also returns to normal size when you reach the zoom limit.

Adjusting the color balance

You can adjust the DVD color balance. Click the adjustment button on the main DVD video window toolbar to open the Adjustment window. Sample WinDVD Adjustment window, 218 WinDVD 2000Launching an Internet browser from WinDVD The adjustment window provides another set of sliders for adjusting volume and brightness. It also provides two color control sliders. Move the Color control 1 slider to the right to increase the blue and decrease the yellow color values. Move the slider to the left to increase the yellow and decrease the blue color values. Move the Color control 2 slider to the right to increase the red and decrease the green color values. Move the slider to the left to increase the green and decrease the red color values.

Launching an Internet browser from WinDVD

Some DVDs contain links to Web sites. To enable these links, click the control panel Web button to launch your Internet browser.

Getting help

Click the control panel Help button to open the WinDVD Help system.

Exiting WinDVD

Click the control panel Exit button, or click the Close button, to exit WinDVD.,

Chapter 9 If Something Goes Wrong

Some problems you may encounter when using your notebook computer are relatively easy to identify and solve. Others may require help from your dealer, your network administrator or the manufacturer of a software program. This chapter aims to help you solve many problems by yourself. It covers the problems you are most likely to encounter. If all else fails, contact Toshiba. You will find information on Toshiba’s support services at the end of this chapter.

Problems that are easy to fix

Your program stops responding. If you are working with a program that suddenly freezes all operations, chances are the program has stopped responding. You can exit the failed program without shutting down the operating system or closing other programs., 220 If Something Goes WrongProblems that are easy to fix To close a program that has stopped responding: 1 Press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously (once). 2 Click the Applications tab. If a program has stopped responding, the words “not responding” appear beside its name in the list. 3 Select the program you want to close, then click End Task. Closing the failed program should allow you to continue working. If it does not, continue with step 4. 4 Close the remaining programs one by one by selecting the program name, then End Task. 5 Turn off your computer according to the instructions in “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 98.

Your program performs an illegal operation.

If you receive the message, “Your program has performed an illegal operation,” you should record the details of the message and consult the software manufacturer. To record the details: 1 Click the Details button and select the text the operating system displays. The Details button displays information that the software manufacturer needs to help you solve your problem. 2 Press Ctrl and c simultaneously to copy the text to the clipboard. 3 Open Notepad (click Start, point to All Programs, then point to Accessories and click Notepad). 4 Press Ctrl and v simultaneously to paste the details into Notepad. 5 Add a paragraph break and type some notes describing what you were doing when you received the message., If Something Goes Wrong Problems when you turn on the computer 221 6 Save the file and refer to it when you contact the software manufacturer.

Problems when you turn on the computer

These problems may occur when you turn on the power.

The computer will not start.

Make sure you attached the AC adapter and power cable properly or installed a charged battery. Press and hold down the power button for a few seconds. If you are using the AC adapter, check that the wall outlet is working by plugging in another device, such as a lamp.

The computer starts but, when you press a key, nothing

happens. You are probably in Stand by mode and have a software or resource conflict. When this happens, turning the power on returns you to the problem instead of restarting the system. To clear the condition, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously. Clearing the condition may get the computer running, but it won’t solve a resource conflict. Read the documentation that came with the conflicting device and “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 225.

The computer is not accessing the hard disk or the

diskette drive. Your computer normally loads the operating system from the hard disk. If you have a hard disk problem, you will not be able to start the computer. Insert a system diskette into the diskette drive, press the left or right arrow key and choose your boot-up device. HINT: Press F12 as you power on the computer to access the menu., 222 If Something Goes WrongThe Windows® operating system is not working

The computer displays the WARNING RESUME FAILURE

message. The computer was placed in Stand by mode and the battery has discharged. Data stored in the computer’s memory has been lost. To charge the battery, leave the computer plugged into a live wall outlet for several hours. For more information, see “Power and the batteries” on page 229.

The computer displays the Non-System disk or disk error

message. Make sure there is no diskette in the diskette drive. If there is one, remove it and press any key to continue. If pressing any key does not work, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del to restart the computer.

The Windows® operating system is not

working Once you are familiar with the desktop and used to the way the operating system responds to your work routine, you can easily detect if the operating system is not working correctly. For example: ❖ The operating system fails to start after the Starting Windows XP message appears. ❖ The operating system takes a long time to start. ❖ The operating system responds differently from the normal routine. ❖ The screen does not look right. Unless a hardware device has failed, problems usually occur when you change the system in some way such as installing a new program or adding a device. If you experience any of these problems, use the options in the Startup menu to fix the problem., If Something Goes Wrong The Windows® operating system is not working 223

Using Startup options to fix problems

If the operating system fails to start properly, you may have to change your system’s configuration or verify the startup procedure to fix the problem. To do this, use the options in the Startup menu. This section describes each option and when to use the procedure. To open the Startup menu: 1 Restart your computer. 2 Press F8 when your computer starts. The Windows® Advanced Options menu displays these options: ❖ Safe Mode ❖ Safe Mode (with Networking) ❖ Safe Mode (with Command Prompt) ❖ Enable Boot Logging ❖ Enable VGA Mode ❖ Last known good configuration (your most recent settings that worked) ® ❖ Directory Services Restore Mode (Windows domain controllers only) ❖ Debugging Mode ❖ Start Windows® normally ❖ Reboot ❖ Return to OS Choices (menu) See your Windows® documentation for further explanation. TECHNICAL NOTE: If your computer is connected to a network, the Startup menu may display different versions of Safe mode., 224 If Something Goes WrongThe Windows® operating system is not working

Internet problems My Internet connection is very slow.

Many factors contribute to the speed with which you can surf the Internet. They include: modem speed, time of day (when everyone else is surfing, your access can be slow) and popularity of the site. If accessing a particular site is very slow, try later.

My browser can’t find the URL address I typed in.

Make sure you separated the domain names of the address with the forward slash (/). Check the spelling of each name and the syntax of the address carefully. A single incorrect letter or missed character, comma instead of period (“dot”) or other mistake makes it impossible for your browser to locate the site.

My browser can’t find a site I bookmarked.

The World Wide Web is constantly changing. A site you bookmarked yesterday may not be available today or its server may be down for temporary repair. Try again later.

The Windows® XP operating system can help you

If the operating system has started properly, but you still have a problem using your computer, the online Help can assist you in troubleshooting the problem. To access Windows® XP Help and Support: 1 Click Start, then click Help and Support. The Help and Support Center window appears. 2 Then do one or both of the following: ❖ In the search field, type in the topic of the problem with which you need help and follow the on-screen instructions. ❖ Click a problem you would like help with from the listings and follow the on-screen instructions., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 225 You can connect to Support Online by clicking Support from the menu.

Resolving a hardware conflict

If you receive an error message telling you there is a device driver conflict or a general hardware problem, try using Windows® Help and Support to troubleshoot the problem first. For help on hardware conflicts: 1 Click Start, then click Help and Support. 2 Click the Hardware link in the window’s left pane. A list of category links appear. 3 Click the Fixing a hardware problem. 4 Choose from specific topics and follow the steps. If there is still a problem, the operating system should display a message that explains what the conflict is.

A plan of action

The smooth operation of the system depends on the successful interaction of all devices, programs, and features. If the system or one of its attached devices isn’t working, resolving the problem can be time-consuming and frustrating. The recommended procedure for getting multiple devices to work together is to add and set up one device at a time. After you add each device, test it to make sure it and all previously connected devices work. The device most recently connected to the system is the one most likely to be causing a hardware conflict.

Resolving hardware conflicts on your own

Computer components need resources to accomplish a task. A device, such as a disk drive or a modem, needs a channel to, 226 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict the computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU). It also needs a direct channel to the computer’s memory to store information as it works. These channels of communication are commonly referred to as system resources.

Interrupt Request Channel

The channel to the CPU is called an Interrupt Request (IRQ) because it interrupts what the processor is doing and requests some of the processor’s time. If two or more devices use the same IRQ, the processor does not know which device is asking for attention. This may cause a hardware conflict. NOTE: One of the IRQs may be shared by multiple devices. This is called IRQ sharing and is normal.

Direct Memory Access

Similarly, the data required by the device is stored in a specific place or address in memory called the Direct Memory Access (DMA). The DMA provides a dedicated channel for adapter cards to bypass the microprocessor and access memory directly. If two or more devices use the same DMA, the data required by one device overwrites the data required by the other, causing a hardware conflict.

Resolving conflicts

There are three things you can do to resolve hardware conflicts: ❖ Disable the device. For an older device, remove it from the computer. ❖ Disable another system component and use its resources for the new device, see “Fixing a problem with Device Manager” on page 227., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 227 ❖ Reconfigure the device so that its requirements do not conflict. Refer to the device’s documentation for instructions about changing settings on the device.

Fixing a problem with Device Manager

Device Manager provides a way to check and change the configuration of a device. CAUTION: Changing the default settings using Device Manager can cause other conflicts that make one or more devices unusable. Device Manager is a configuration tool for advanced users who understand configuration parameters and the ramifications of changing them.

Disabling a device

1 Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, Administrative Tools. 2 Double-click the Computer Management icon. 3 In the left pane, click Device Manager. 4 Select the specific device from the device category. 5 In the toolbar, look to the far right for an icon of a monitor with a strike mark through a circle on the front. This is the disable feature. 6 Click the icon. You are given the option of disabling the device. 7 Click yes or no, whichever is appropriate.

Checking device properties

Device Manager provides a way to view the properties of a device. Properties include the name of the manufacturer, the, 228 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict type of device, the drivers installed, and the system resources assigned to the device. To check a device’s properties: 1 Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, Administrative Tools. 2 Double-click the Computer Management icon. 3 In the left pane, click Device Manager. 4 To view the device(s) installed, double-click the device type. 5 To view the properties, double-click the device. The operating system displays the Device Properties window, which provides an array of tabs. They include: ❖ The General tab, which provides basic information about the device. ❖ The Resource tab, which lists resources assigned to the monitor, DVD-ROM, DVD-ROM/CD-RW, diskette drive, and other power-using functions. ❖ The Drivers tab, which displays the drivers being used by the device. A Troubleshooting button is also present. Click troubleshooting. A Help and Support window for that device appears. For more information about Device Manager, refer to Windows® XP online help.

Memory module problems

Incorrectly connected or faulty memory modules may cause errors that seem to be device-related. It is worthwhile checking for these first: 1 Turn off your computer according to the instructions in “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 98., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 229 2 Remove the memory module, following the instructions in “Removing a memory module” on page 52. 3 Reinstall the memory module, following the instructions in “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 47, and making sure it is seated properly. 4 Check for the error again. 5 If the error recurs, remove the memory module entirely and check for the error again. If removing the memory module eliminates the error, the memory module may be faulty. If the error recurs without the memory module installed, the error is not caused by the memory module.

Power and the batteries

Your computer receives its power through the AC adapter and power cable or from the system batteries (main battery and real-time clock (RTC) battery). Power problems are interrelated. For example, a faulty AC adapter or power cable will neither power the computer nor recharge the batteries. Here are some typical problems and how to solve them:

The AC power light does not come on when you plug in

the AC adapter and power cable. Make sure the AC adapter and power cable are firmly plugged into both the wall outlet and the computer. If the AC power light still does not come on, check that the wall outlet is working properly by plugging in a lamp or other appliance.

The AC adapter and power cable work correctly, but the

battery will not charge. The main battery may not be inserted correctly in the computer. Turn off the computer, remove the battery, clean the contacts with a soft dry cloth (if necessary) and replace the battery., 230 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict The battery may be too hot or too cold to charge properly. If you think this is the probable cause, let the battery reach room temperature and try again. If the battery has completely discharged, it will not begin charging immediately. Leave the AC adapter and power cable connected, wait 20 minutes and see if the battery is charging. If the battery light is glowing after 20 minutes, let the computer continue charging the battery for at least another 20 minutes before you turn on the computer. If the battery light does not glow after 20 minutes, the battery may have reached the end of its useful life. Try replacing it.

The battery appears not to power the computer for as

long as it usually does. If you frequently recharge a partially charged battery, it may not charge fully. Let the battery discharge completely, then try charging it again. Check the power options using the Power Management utility. Have you added a device, such as a PC Card or memory module, that takes its power from the battery? Is your software using the hard disk more? Is the display set to turn off automatically? Was the battery fully charged to begin with? All these conditions affect how long the charge lasts. For more information on maximizing battery power, see “Charging batteries” on page 118.

Keyboard problems

If, when you type, strange things happen or nothing happens, the problem may be related to the keyboard itself.

The keyboard produces unexpected characters.

A keypad overlay may be on. If the numeric keypad or cursor control light is on, press Fn and F10 simultaneously to turn off the cursor control light or press Fn and F11 simultaneously to turn off the numeric keypad light., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 231 If the problem occurs when both the keypad overlays are off, make sure the software you are using is not remapping the keyboard. Refer to the software’s documentation and check that the program does not assign different meanings to any of the keys.

You have connected an external keyboard and the

operating system displays one or more keyboard error messages. If you have a second keyboard, try it. If it works, the first keyboard may be defective or incompatible with your computer.

Display problems

Here are some typical display problems and their solutions:

The display is blank.

Display Auto Off may have gone into effect. Press any key to activate the screen. You may have activated the instant password feature by pressing Fn and F1 simultaneously. If you have registered a password, press the Enter key, type the password and press Enter. If no password is registered, press Enter. The screen reactivates and allows you to continue working. If you are using the built-in screen, make sure the display priority is not set for an external monitor. To do this, press Fn and F5 simultaneously (once). If this does not correct the problem, press Fn and F5 simultaneously again to return the display priority to its previous setting. If you are using an external monitor: ❖ Check that the monitor is turned on. ❖ Check that the monitor’s power cable is firmly plugged into a working power outlet. ❖ Check that the cable connecting the external monitor to the computer is firmly attached., 232 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict ❖ Try adjusting the contrast and brightness controls on the external monitor. ❖ Press Fn and F5 simultaneously to make sure the display priority is not set for the built-in screen.

The screen does not look right.

You can change the display settings by clicking a blank area of the desktop with the secondary control button, then clicking Properties. This displays the Display Properties window. The Appearance tab of this window allows you to choose the colors for the screen. The Settings tab allows you to choose the screen resolution.

The built-in screen flickers.

Some flickering is a normal result of the way the screen produces colors. To reduce the amount of flickering, try using fewer colors. To change the number of colors displayed: 1 Point at the desktop and click with the secondary button. 2 Click Properties, and then the Settings tab. 3 Change the Colors option and click OK. For more information, see Windows® Help.

A message tells you that there is a problem with your

display settings and that the adapter type is incorrect or the current settings do not work with your hardware. Reduce the size of the color palette to one that is supported by the computer’s internal display. To change the display properties: 1 Point at the desktop and click with the secondary button. The Display Properties window appears. 2 Click Properties, then click the Settings tab. 3 Adjust the screen resolution and/or color quality., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 233 4 Click OK.

The display mode is set to Simultaneous and the external

display device does not work. Make sure the external monitor is capable of displaying at resolutions of 800 x 600 or higher. Devices that do not support this resolution will only work in Internal/External mode.

Disk drive problems

Problems with the hard disk or with a diskette drive usually show up as an inability to access the disk or as sector errors. Sometimes a disk problem may cause one or more files to appear to have garbage in them. Typical disk problems are:

You are having trouble accessing a disk, or one or more

files appear to be missing. Make sure you are identifying the drive by its correct name (A: or C:).

Error-checking

Run Error-checking, which analyzes the directories, files and File Allocation Table (FAT) on the disk and repairs any damage it finds: To run Error-checking: 1 Click Start, then click My Computer. 2 Right-click the drive you want to check and click Properties. The drive’s properties box appears. 3 Click the Tools tab. 4 Click the Check now button. The Check Disk All Apps box appears., 234 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict 5 You can choose one or both options: ❖ Automatically fix file system errors ❖ Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors 6 Click Start. Error-checking runs the test.

Your hard disk seems very slow.

If you have been using your computer for some time, your files may have become fragmented. Run Disk Defragmenter. To do this, click Start, then click All Programs, point to Accessories and System Tools, and click Disk Defragmenter.

Your data files are damaged or corrupted.

Refer to your software documentation for file recovery procedures. Many software packages automatically create backup files. You may also be able to recover lost data using utility software, which is available from your dealer.

Some programs run correctly but others do not.

This is probably a configuration problem. If a program does not run properly, refer to its documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets its needs.

A diskette will not go into the diskette drive.

You may already have a diskette in the drive. Make sure the drive is empty. You may be inserting the diskette incorrectly. Hold the diskette with the hub side facing down, and insert it so that the metal head window cover goes into the drive first. The metal cover or a loose label may be obstructing the path into the drive. Carefully inspect the diskette. If the metal cover is loose, replace the diskette. If the label is loose, replace the label and try inserting the diskette again., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 235

The computer displays the Non-system disk or disk error

message. If you are starting the computer from a diskette, the diskette in the drive does not have the files necessary to start the computer. Replace it with a bootable diskette.

The drive cannot read a diskette.

Try another diskette. If you can access the second diskette, the first diskette (not the drive) is probably causing the problem. Run Error-checking on the faulty diskette (for instructions, see “Disk drive problems” on page 233).

DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive problems You cannot access a disc in the drive.

Make sure the drive tray has closed properly. Press gently until it clicks into place. Open the drive tray and remove the disc. Make sure the drive tray is clean. Any dirt or foreign object can interfere with the laser beam. Examine the disc to see whether it is dirty. If necessary, wipe it with a clean damp cloth dipped in water or a neutral cleaner. Replace the disc in the tray. Make sure it is lying flat, label side up. Press the disc down until it locks on the spindle. Close the drive tray carefully, making sure it has shut completely.

You press the disc eject button, but the drive tray does

not slide out. Make sure the computer is connected to a power source and turned on. The DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive eject mechanism requires power to operate. To remove a disc without turning on the computer, use a narrow object, such as a straightened paper clip, to press the, 236 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict manual eject button. This button is in the small hole next to the disc eject button on the right side of the computer.

Some discs run correctly, but others do not.

If the problem is with an application CD-ROM, refer to the software’s documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets the program’s needs. The color of the materials used to make the disc can affect its reliability. Silver-colored CD-ROMs are the most reliable, followed by gold-colored CD-ROM. Green-colored CD- ROMs are the least reliable.

WinDVD problems: general issues

WinDVD has been configured to provide optimum performance and quality based upon your system’s available resources. Changes made to the system or its configuration may impact the playback performance of the WinDVD player.

WinDVD controls are disabled.

Controls may be grayed out by commands on the DVD disc. For example, it is common for DVD movie titles to disable fast-forward and rewind during the legal notices at the beginning of a movie.

Playback performance is poor.

Make sure your system’s A/C adapter is plugged in and the system’s power setting is on full.

The Root or Title menu does not open.

Most DVD titles have one or both of the “Root” and “Title” menus. If one menu button appears to do nothing, try the other menu button.

WinDVD performance decreases after making a system

change. DVD playback performance is dependent upon several system resources. Changes to these system resources caused,, If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 237 for example, by installing a new graphics or audio card may impact performance. Some software changes may also impact playback performance (for example, downloading new drivers from the Web). Before installing a new hardware or software component on your system, check for any potential conflicts between its resource requirements and your current system configuration. Also, if you change your operating system, check with your PC manufacturer or your graphics card vendor to ensure that you have the appropriate drivers for both your hardware (for example, the graphics card) and software (drivers must support the operating system and DVD with WinDVD).

Slow playback performance.

DVD playback is a resource intensive application. Other applications and/or changes to your system hardware, software or configuration can impact playback performance. If playback is slower than normal, try: 1 Closing any other open applications to improve the performance of the DVD playback. 2 Ensuring DMA (Direct Memory Access) is turned on. See “Secondary IDE Channel DMA setting” on page 238. 3 If you have installed new hardware (such as a new graphics card or audio card), ensure the component’s drivers support Microsoft® DirectX® 8.1 or higher and WinDVD. Contact the manufacturer of the component. 4 Verifying that your display driver resolution, color depth and refresh rate are optimal for DVD playback. (Some systems do not support video overlays if these parameters are not optimal.) Try lowering these settings to improve performance., 238 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict

Secondary IDE Channel DMA setting

To ensure the Secondary IDE Channel DMA setting: 1 Click Start, Control Panel, Printers and Other Hardware, System. The System Properties window. 2 Click the Hardware tab. 3 Click the Device Manager button. 4 Click + to open the IDE ATA/ATAPI Controllers. 5 Double-click the Secondary IDE Channel. The Secondary IDE Channel Properties window appears. Sample Secondary IDE Channel Properties window 6 Click Advanced Settings., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 239 7 Look at Device 0. The current transfer mode should be Ultra DMA Mode 2. If it isn’t, select Ultra DMA Mode 2 from the pull-down menu and click OK.

WinDVD problems: content issues Movies exhibit poor performance of “Director's Commentary” or other similar optional content

versions. Some movies may exhibit poor performance of these features. In particular, the video portion of the movie may become jerky or show pauses. The normal version of the movie will not show this problem.

WinDVD will not function properly with “debug”

software installed. The WinDVD application will not function properly if it detects that debug software is present on the system. Remove the debug software to restore functionality of WinDVD.

WinDVD: error messages

This table offers descriptions and resolutions for error messages that may appear when using WinDVD. Error message and additional Resolution information The disc in the DVD-ROM Ensure the disc is a valid drive is not a valid disc disc type. type. If the disc works in other Valid disc types are players, try using a disc DVD-Video and audio CD. cleaner. The disc may require fea- tures that are not supported by WinDVD., 240 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict Error message and additional Resolution information Microsoft® DirectShow® Reinstall Microsoft® components are missing. DirectShow® version 6.0 or Microsoft® DirectShow® is higher (available from the not installed properly on the Microsoft Web site). system. No audio subsystem could Check installation of the be found for playback. sound card drivers. There is a problem with the audio card or audio compo- nent within the system. The problem may be one of the following: The audio card is faulty. There is a problem with the audio driver. WinDVD cannot display Alter the display settings to the selected resolution due reduce the resolution or to system limitations. number of colors. The screen size exceeds the Update video drivers. allowable display limit. There are not enough sys- tem resources to play the DVD at the selected setting., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 241 Error message and additional Resolution information The audio settings are Check installation of the incorrect. Please check audio card drivers. sound card or drivers. The audio card was found, but there is a problem with the audio card or drivers. The wrong audio driver may be installed in the sys- tem. An unexpected error has This is usually a rare, occurred. title-specific problem. This error is unclassified. Report the problem and any error code to your supplier's Technical Support. There is a problem with the Try to play another disc. copy protection system Contact your supplier’s within the DVD-ROM Technical Support. drive. Playback cannot con- tinue. The DVD-ROM drive failed to authenticate (authorize playback of) the DVD disc. There may be a problem with the DVD- ROM drive. WinDVD does not support Check that this is a this version of the DVD DVD-Video 1.0 disc. specification., 242 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict Error message and additional Resolution information This DVD disc cannot be Use DVD content from the played in this region. appropriate region. If appli- The selected region cannot cable on your system, refer be used due to one of the to the Help file for how to following: change the Region Code. The Region Code of WinDVD and the DVD disc do not match. Check the Region Code of WinDVD within the About tab and use a disc from the appro- priate region. The Windows® operating system is assigned to a region that does not match the Region Code of WinDVD. Permission to play is Change the Parental Con- denied. Please check the trol level in the DVD Parental Control setting. Options dialog. Note that The Parental Control set- WinDVD requires a pass- ting of WinDVD is lower word for this change. than the Parental Control level of the content being played. Playback of the DVD disc is not authorized. WinDVD encountered an Report the problem and any error. error code to your supplier's Technical Support., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 243 Error message and additional Resolution information This file appears to contain Please refer to the Sup- unsupported data. ported Formats section of the WinDVD Help file and ensure that this file contains valid data. The drive or disc cannot be Check the DVD-ROM found. drive or DVD disc. Ensure This may be caused by one the disc is a valid type of the following: (DVD-Video, Video CD, or audio CD). No disc in the DVD-ROM drive. No DVD-ROM drive. A disc of an unsupported type in the DVD-ROM drive.

Sound system problems You do not hear any sound from the computer.

Adjust the volume control. If you are using external headphones or speakers, check that they are securely connected to your computer.

The computer emits a loud, high-pitched noise.

This is feedback between the microphone and the speakers. It occurs in any sound system when input from a microphone is fed to the speakers and the speaker volume is too loud. Adjust the volume control. Changing the settings for the Record Monitor feature in the Recording Control Utility (default Off), or the Mute feature, 244 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict in the Mixer Utility (default Enabled), may cause feedback. Revert to the default settings.

PC Card problems

PC Cards (PCMCIA-compatible) include many types of devices, such as a removable hard disk, additional memory, or a pager. Most PC Card problems occur during installation and setup of new cards. If you’re having trouble getting one or more of these devices to work together, several sections in this chapter may apply. Resource conflicts can cause problems when using PC Cards. See “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 225.

Card Information Structure

When you insert a PC Card into a slot, the computer attempts to determine the type of card and the resources it requires by reading its Card Information Structure (CIS). Sometimes the CIS contains enough information for you to use the card immediately. Other cards must be set up before you can use them. Use the Windows® XP PC Card (PCMCIA) Wizard to set up the card. Refer to your Microsoft® documentation for more information, or refer to the documentation that came with the PC Card. Some card manufacturers use special software called enablers to support their cards. Enablers result in nonstandard configurations that can cause problems when installing the PC Card. If your system does not have built-in drivers for your PC Card and the card did not come with an operating system driver, it may not work under the operating system. Contact the manufacturer of the PC Card for information about using the card under the operating system., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 245

PC Card checklist

❖ Make sure the card is inserted properly into the slot. See “Using PC Cards” on page 179 for how to insert PC Cards. ❖ Make sure all cables are securely connected. ❖ Occasionally a defective PC Card slips through quality control. If another PCMCIA-equipped computer is available, try the card in that machine. If the card malfunctions again, it may be defective.

Resolving PC Card problems

Here are some common problems and their solutions:

The slots appear to be dead. PC Cards that used to work

no longer work. Check the PC Card status: 1 Click Start. 2 Click My Computer icon with the secondary button, then click Properties. The System Properties window appears. 3 Click the Hardware tab. 4 Click the Device Manager button. 5 Double-click the appropriate category for the PC Card being used. 6 Double-click the name of the PC Card device. The operating system displays your PC Card’s Properties window, which contains information about your PC Card configuration and status., 246 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict

The computer stops working (hangs) when you insert a PC Card.

Remove the PC Card. If removing the PC Card doesn’t resolve the problem, try restarting the computer. If the computer still doesn’t work, contact the PC Card’s manufacturer.

Hot swapping (removing one PC Card and inserting

another without turning the computer off) fails. Follow this procedure before you remove a PC Card: 1 Click the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray. 2 Click Safely remove xxxx, where xxxx is the identifier for your PC Card. The operating system displays a message that you may safely remove the card. 3 Remove the card from the slot.

The system does not recognize your PC Card.

Refer to the PC Card documentation. Removing a malfunctioning card and reinstalling it can correct many problems. For more information, see “Using PC Cards” on page 179.

A PC Card error occurs.

Reinsert the card to make sure it is properly connected. If the card is attached to an external device, check that the connection is secure. Refer to the card’s documentation, which should contain a troubleshooting section., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 247

Printer problems

This section lists some of the most common printer problems:

The printer will not print.

Check that the printer is connected to a working power outlet, turned on and ready (on line). Check that the printer has plenty of paper. Some printers will not start printing when there are just two or three sheets of paper left in the tray. Make sure the printer cable is firmly attached to the computer and the printer. Run the printer’s self-test to check for any problem with the printer itself. Make sure you installed the proper printer drivers, as shown in “Setting up your software” on page 45. You may have connected the printer while the computer is on. Disable Stand by mode, turn off the computer, and turn off the printer. Turn the printer back on, make sure it is on line, then turn the computer back on. Try printing another file. For example, you could create and attempt to print a short test file using Notepad. If a Notepad file prints correctly, the problem may be in your original file. If you cannot resolve the problem, contact the printer’s manufacturer.

The printer will not print what you see on the screen.

Many programs display information on the screen differently from the way they print it. See if your program has a print preview mode. This mode lets you see your work exactly as it will print. Contact the software manufacturer for more information., 248 If Something Goes WrongDevelop good computing habits

Modem problems

This section lists common modem problems:

The modem will not receive or transmit properly.

Make sure the cable from the modem to the telephone line is firmly connected to the computer’s modem port and the telephone line jack. Check the port settings to make sure the hardware and software are referring to the same COM port. See “Determining the COM port” on page 167. Check the communications parameters (baud rate, parity, data length and stop bits) specified in the communications program. It should be set up to transmit at 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 28800, 33600 bps (bits per second) or higher. Refer to the program’s documentation and the modem guide for information on how to change these settings. TECHNICAL NOTE: Disable Call Waiting before you connect through the modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.

The modem is on, set up properly and still will not

transmit or receive data. Make sure the line has a dial tone. Connect a telephone handset to the line to check this. The other system may be busy or off line. Try making a test transmission to someone else.

Develop good computing habits

Make sure you are prepared.

Save your work frequently.

You can never predict when your computer will lock, forcing you to close a program and lose unsaved changes. Many, If Something Goes Wrong Develop good computing habits 249 software programs build in an automatic backup, but you should not rely solely on this feature. Save your work! See “Computing tips” on page 75 for instructions.

On a regular basis, back up the information stored on

your hard disk. Here are some ways you can do this: ❖ Copy files to diskette, following the steps in “Saving your work” on page 81. ❖ Copy files to your network partition. ❖ Connect a tape drive to the system and use specialized software to copy everything on the hard disk to a tape. Some people use a combination of these methods, backing up all files to tape weekly and copying critical files to diskette on a daily basis. If you have installed your own programs, you should back up these programs as well as your data files. If something goes wrong that requires you to reformat your hard disk and start again, reloading all your programs and data files from a backup source will save time.

Read the user’s guides.

It’s very difficult to provide a fail-safe set of steps you can follow every time you experience a problem with the computer. Your ability to solve problems will improve as you learn about how the computer and its software work together. Get familiar with all the user’s guides provided with your computer, as well as the guides that come with the programs and devices you purchase. Your local computer store or book store sells a variety of self- help books you can use to supplement the information in the guides., 250 If Something Goes WrongIf you need further assistance

If you need further assistance

If you have followed the recommendations in this chapter and are still having problems, you may need additional technical assistance. This section contains the steps to take to ask for help.

Before you call

Since some problems may be related to the operating system or the program you are using, it is important to investigate other sources of assistance first. Try the following before contacting Toshiba: ❖ Review the troubleshooting information in your operating system documentation. ❖ If the problem occurs while you are running a program, consult the program’s documentation for troubleshooting suggestions. Contact the software company’s technical support group for their assistance. ❖ Consult your network administrator. ❖ Consult the dealer or authorized Toshiba representative from whom you purchased your computer and/or program. Your dealer is your best source for current information. For the number of a Toshiba dealer near you in the United States, call: (800) 457-7777.

Contacting Toshiba

If you still need help and suspect that the problem is hardware-related, Toshiba offers a variety of resources to help you. 1 Start with accessing Toshiba on the Internet using any Internet browser by typing pcsupport.toshiba.com, If Something Goes Wrong Other Toshiba Internet Web sites 251 2 Next, try one of Toshiba’s online services. The Toshiba Forum can be accessed through CompuServe® by typing: go toshiba.

Toshiba voice contact

Before calling Toshiba, make sure you have: ❖ Your computer’s serial number. ❖ The computer and any optional devices related to the problem. ❖ Backup copies of your operating system and all other preloaded software on diskettes or CD-ROM. ❖ Name and version of the program involved in the problem along with its installation diskettes or CD-ROM. ❖ Information about what you were doing when the problem occurred. ❖ Exact error messages and when they occurred. For technical support, call the Toshiba InTouch Center: ❖ Within the United States at (800) 457-7777 ❖ Outside the United States at (949) 859-4273

Other Toshiba Internet Web sites

toshiba.com Worldwide Toshiba corporate site computers.toshiba.com Marketing and product information in the USA toshiba.ca Canada toshiba-Europe.com Europe toshiba.co.jp/index.htm Japan, 252 If Something Goes WrongToshiba’s worldwide offices http://servicio.toshiba.com Mexico and all of Latin America

Toshiba’s worldwide offices

Australia Austria Toshiba (Australia) Pty. Limited Toshiba Europe GmbH 84-92 Talavera Road Handelskai 388 North Ryde NSW 2113 1020 Wien, Austria Sydney Australia Belgium Canada Toshiba Information Systems Benelux Toshiba Canada Ltd. (Belgium) B.V. 191 McNabb Street Excelsiorlaan 40 Markham, Ontario B-1930 Zaventem L3R - 8H2 Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark CHG Toshiba, s.r.o. Scribona Danmark A/S Hnevkovskeho 65 Naverland 27 61700 Brno DK2600 Glostrup Denmark Finland France Scribona TPC OY Toshiba Systèmes (France) S.A. Sinimäentie 14 7, Rue Ampère P.O. Box 83 92804 Puteaux Cédex 02630 ESPOO France Finland Germany Greece Toshiba Europe GmbH Ideal Electronics S.A. Leibnizstraße 2 109 Syngrou Avenue D-93055 Regensburg 176 71 Kalithea Germany Athens Greece Hungary Ireland Technotrade Kft. Toshiba Information Systems Szerencs utca 202 (U.K) Ltd. 1147 Budapest Toshiba Court Hungary Weybridge Business Park Addlestone Road Weybridge KT15 2UL United Kingdom, If Something Goes Wrong Toshiba’s worldwide offices 253 Italy Japan Progetto Elettronica 92 s.r.l. Toshiba Corporation, PCO-IO Viale Certosa 138, 1-1, Shibaura 1-Chome 20156 Milano Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 105-8001 Italy Japan Luxembourg Mexico and all of Latin Toshiba Information Systems Benelux America B.V. Toshiba de México S.A. Rivium Boulevard 41 Sierra Candela No.111, 6to. Piso 2909 LK, Capelle a/d IJssel Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. The Netherlands CP 11000 Mexico, DF. 800-457-7777 (outside of the US) 949-859-4276 (within the US - this call may incur long distance charges) Morocco The Netherlands C.B.I. Toshiba Information Systems Benelux 22 Rue de Béthune B.V. Casablanca Rivium Boulevard 41 Morocco 2909 LK, Capelle a/d IJssel The Netherlands Norway Papua New Guinea Scribona Norge A/S Fujitsu (PNG) Pty. Ltd. Toshiba PC Service P.O. Box 4952 Boroko Stalfjaera 20 NCD, Papua P.O. Box 51 New Guinea Kalbakken 0901 OSLO 9 Norway Poland Portugal TECHMEX S.A. Quinta Grande Assisténcia Técnica ul. Partyzantów 71, Informática, Lda. 43-316 Bielsko-Biala Av. Moinhos no. 15A 01-059 Warszawa Ur. Quinta Grande Poland 2720 Alfragide Portugal Singapore Slovakia Toshiba Singapore Pte. Ltd. HTC a.s. 438B Alexandra Rd. # 06-01 Dobrovicova 8 Alexandra Technopark 81109 Bratislava Singapore 119968 Slovakia, 254 If Something Goes WrongToshiba’s worldwide offices Slovenia Spain Inea d.o.o. Toshiba Information Systems (España) Ljubljanska 80 S.A. 61230 Domzale Parque Empresarial San Fernando Slovenia Edificio Europa, 1a Planta Escalera A 28831 (Madrid) San Fernando de Henares Spain Sweden Switzerland Scribona PC AB Ozalid AG Sundbybergsväegen 1 Herostrasse 7 Box 1374 8048 Zürich 171 27 Solna Switzerland Sweden United Kingdom United States Toshiba Information Systems Toshiba America Information (U.K) Ltd. Systems, Inc. Toshiba Court 9740 Irvine Boulevard Weybridge Business Park Irvine, California 92618 Addlestone Road United States Weybridge KT15 2UL United Kingdom The Rest of Europe Toshiba Europe (I.E.) GmbH Hammfelddamm 8 D-4-1460 Neuss Germany,

Appendix A Hot Keys

Hot keys are keys that, when pressed in combination with the Fn key, turn system functions on and off. Hot keys have a legend on or above the key indicating the option or feature the key controls.

Volume Mute

Fn + This hot key enables/disables volume mute on your computer. When volume mute is enabled, no sound will come from the speakers or headphones., 256 Hot KeysInstant password security

Instant password security

Fn + This hot key blanks the display.

Without a password

The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates instant security. Using the pointing device or any key will make the display reappear. For information on setting a password, see “Activating the power-on password” on page 65.

With a password

The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates instant security. Type either a user or supervisor password and press Enter. If you set a blank screen saver, pressing the Fn + F1 key combination to activate instant security will cause the screen to go blank. Moving the pointing device or pressing a key turns the screen back on. An “Unlock Computer” window will appear, prompting you for a password. After typing in the password, press Enter. NOTE: To activate the password feature, you must first enable it by using Toshiba Hardware Setup. Refer to “Toshiba Hardware Setup” on page 195. To activate the password feature: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. 2 Click Appearances and Themes 3 Click one of the following: ❖ Choose a screen saver in the “Pick a task” section ❖ Display in the “or pick a Control Panel icon” section, Hot Keys Power usage mode 257 The Display Properties window appears. 4 If you clicked Choose a screen saver, the Screen Saver tab has already been selected. If it isn’t selected, click the Screen Saver tab. 5 Click the On resume, password protected check box. 6 Click OK.

Power usage mode

Fn + This hot key displays the power usage pop-up win- dow and cycles through the battery save modes. The power usage modes in the operating system under battery power are: Long Life, Normal, and High Power; DVD Play- back, Presentation and Super Long Life Sample power usage modes The power usage mode in the Windows®operating system under AC power is Full Power only. The properties of each mode are set in the Toshiba Power Management utility. For more information, see “Power Management” on page 191., 258 Hot KeysStand by mode

Stand by mode

Fn + This hot key puts the computer into Stand by mode. ❖ A message box is displayed by default to confirm that the computer is going into Stand by mode. Click the checkbox to prevent the message box appearing in future. Sample standby confirmation box ❖ For more information about Stand by mode, please see “Using Stand by” on page 110., Hot Keys Hibernation mode 259

Hibernation mode

Fn + This hot key puts the computer into Hibernation mode. ❖ If Hibernation mode is enabled (the default) a message box is displayed by default to confirm the computer is going into Hibernation mode. Click the checkbox to prevent the message box appearing in future. Sample Hibernation confirmation box ❖ If Hibernation mode is disabled, this hot key has no effect. For more information on Hibernation mode, see “Using Hibernation” on page 104., 260 Hot KeysDisplay modes

Display modes

Fn + This hot key cycles through the power-on display options. The display modes are: ❖ Built-in display panel only ❖ Built-in display panel and external monitor simultaneously ❖ External monitor only ❖ Built-in display panel and external video device simultaneously See “Enabling different refresh rates” on page 56. ❖ External video device only Sample display options window In order to use a simultaneous mode, you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to match the resolution of the external display device.

Display brightness

Fn + This hot key decreases the screen brightness. Fn + This hot key increases the screen brightness., Hot Keys Disabling or enabling the TouchPad 261

Disabling or enabling the TouchPad

Fn + This hot key disables or enables the TouchPad. To use the TouchPad, see “Using the TouchPad” on page 65. Sample disable and enable TouchPad windows

Keyboard hot keys

Fn + This hot key turns the cursor control overlay on and off. Fn + This hot key turns the numeric overlay on and off. Fn + This hot key turns the scroll lock feature on and off.,

Appendix B Power Cable Connectors

Your notebook computer features a universal power supply you can use worldwide. This appendix shows the shapes of the typical AC power cable connectors for various parts of the world. USA and Canada United Kingdom UL approved CSA approved BS approved Australia Europe VDA approved AS approved NEMKO approved,

Appendix C Video Modes

This appendix lists the video modes supported by the display adapter and identifies the characteristics of each mode. The columns in the tables have the following meanings: Mode is the mode number in hexadecimal and is generally used by programmers to specify video modes in programs. Type identifies the display adapter that first supported the mode and specifies whether the mode is text or graphics. Resolution is the measure of the screen’s dimensions in terms of horizontal and vertical pixels (in graphics modes), or rows and columns of characters (in text modes). Grid is the default number of pels per character. A pel is the smallest display element that the computer can control. It consists of a single pixel (dot), or a set of contiguous pixels. LCD Colors is the maximum number of simultaneous colors, or shades of gray, that the mode can display on the built-in screen. CRT Colors is the maximum number of simultaneous colors, or shades of gray, that the mode can display on an external monitor., 264 Video ModesYour computer’s video modes

Scan Freq hor/vert is the horizontal and vertical scanning

frequency in Hertz. This is for external monitors only.

Your computer’s video modes Your computer supports the video modes defined in this

table. If your application offers a selection of mode numbers that do not match the numbers on the table, select a mode based on mode type, resolution, character matrix, number of colors and refresh rates.

Table 1 Video modes (VGA) NOTE: Not all video resolution modes are available on the internal LCD.

Character Scanning Video matrix frequency mode Type Resolution (pels) LCD colors CRT colors Vertical (Hz) 0, 1 VGA Text 40 x 258x816 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Characters 2, 3 VGA Text 80 x 258x816 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Characters 0, 1 VGA Text 40 x 258x14 16 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Characters 2, 3 VGA Text 80 x 258x14 16 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Characters 0+, 1+ VGA Text 40 x 25 8( 9 ) x 16 16 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Characters 2+, 3+ VGA Text 80 x 25 8( 9 ) x 16 16 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Characters 4, 5 VGA Grph 320 x 2008x84of 256K 4 of 256K 70 Pels 6 VGA Grph 640 x 2008x82of 256K 2 of 256K 70 Pels 7 VGA Text 80 x 25 8( 9 ) x 14 Mono Mono 70 Characters,

Video Modes Your computer’s video modes 265

Character Scanning Video matrix frequency mode Type Resolution (pels) LCD colors CRT colors Vertical (Hz) 7+ VGA Text 80 x 25 8( 9 ) x 16 Mono Mono 70 Characters D VGA Grph 320 x 2008x816 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Pels E VGA Grph 640 x 2008x816 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Pels F VGA Grph 640 x 3508x14 Mono Mono 70 Pels 10 VGA Grph 640 x 3508x14 16 of 256K 16 of 256K 70 Pels 11 VGA Grph 640 x 4808x16 2 of 256K 2 of 256K 60 Pels 12 VGA Grph 640 x 4808x16 16 of 256K 16 of 256K 60 Pels 13 VGA Grph 320 x 2008x8256 of 256K 256 of 256K 70 Pels

Table 2 Video modes (XGA) Vertical Resolution LCD colors CRT colors frequency (Hz)

640 x 480 256/256K 256/256K 60 800 x 600 256/256K 256/256K 60 1024 x 768 256/256K 256/256K 60 1280 x 1024 256/256K 256/256K 60 (Virtual) 75, 266 Video ModesYour computer’s video modes Vertical Resolution LCD colors CRT colors frequency (Hz) 1600 x 1200 256/256K 256/256K 60 (Virtual) 75 1920 x 1440 256/256K 256/256K 60 (Virtual) 75 2048 x 1536 256/256K 256/256K 60 (Virtual) 75 640 x 480 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 800 x 600 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 1024 x 768 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 1280 x 1024 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 (Virtual) 75 1600 x 1200 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 (Virtual) 75 1920 x 1440 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 (Virtual) 75 2048 x 1536 64K/64K 64K/64K 60 (Virtual) 75 640 x 480 16M/16M 16M/16M 60 800 x 600 16M/16M 16M/16M 60, Video Modes Your computer’s video modes 267 Vertical Resolution LCD colors CRT colors frequency (Hz) 1024 x 768 16M/16M 16M/16M 60 1280 x 1024 16M/16M 16M/16M 60 (Virtual) 75 1600 x 1200 16M/16M 16M/16M 60 (Virtual) 75 1920 x 1440 16M/16M 16M/16M 60 (Virtual) 75 2048 x 1536 16M/16M 16M/16M 60 (Virtual),

Glossary

TECHNICAL NOTE: Some features defined in this glossary may not be available on your computer.

Acronyms

The following acronyms may appear in this user’s guide. AC alternating current BIOS basic input/output system bps bits per second CD compact disc CD-ROM compact disc read-only memory CD-RW compact disc rewrite memory CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor COM1 communications port 1 (serial port) COM2 communications port 2 (serial port) CPU central processing unit DC direct current, Glossary 269 DMA direct memory access DIMM dual inline memory module DOS disk operating system DPI dots per inch DSTN dual supertwist nematic DVD digital versatile (or video) disc DVD-ROM digital versatile (or video) disc read-only memory ECP enhanced capabilities port EPROM erasable programmable read-only memory FAT file allocation table FCC Federal Communications Commission FIR fast infrared GB gigabyte HDD hard disk drive HTML Hypertext Markup Language IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers I/O input/output IRQ interrupt request ISP Internet service provider KB kilobyte LAN local area network LCD liquid crystal display LPT1 line printer port 1 (parallel port) LSI large-scale integration MB megabyte MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface PC personal computer PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, 270 Glossary RAM random access memory RFI radio frequency interference ROM read-only memory RTC real-time clock SCSI small computer system interface SDRAM synchronous dynamic random access memory SRAM static random access memory SVGA super video graphics adapter TFT thin film transistor USB universal serial bus URL uniform resource locator WAN wide area network www World Wide Web

Terms

The following terms may appear in this user’s guide.

A active-matrix display — A liquid crystal display (LCD) made

from an array of liquid crystal cells using active-matrix technology. Also known as a “TFT display,” in its simplest form there is one thin film transistor (TFT) for each cell. This type of display works well with notebook computers because of its shallow depth and high-quality color. Active-matrix displays are viewable from wider angles than most passive-matrix displays. adapter — A device that provides a compatible connection between two units. For example, the computer’s internal display adapter receives information from the software and translates it into images on the screen. An adapter can take a number of forms, from a microprocessor to a simple connector. An intelligent adapter (one that is capable of doing some processing) may also be called a controller. alternating current (AC) — The type of power usually supplied to residential and commercial wall outlets. AC reverses its direction at regular intervals. Compare direct current (DC)., Glossary 271 application — A computer program that you use to perform tasks of a specific type. Applications include word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems. See also program.

B backup — A copy of a file, usually on a removable disk, kept in

case the original file is lost or damaged. basic input/output system (BIOS) — See BIOS. baud rate — The speed at which a communication device, such as a printer or modem, transmits information. Baud rate is the number of signal changes per second (not necessarily the same as bits per second). See also bits per second. BIOS (basic input/output system) — Basic instructions, stored in read-only memory (ROM), containing the information the computer needs in order to check hardware and load the operating system when you start up the computer. bit — Short for “binary digit.” A bit is the smallest unit of information used by a computer. A group of eight bits is a byte. See also byte. bits per second (bps) — A way of measuring the speed at which information is passed between two devices. The basic measure used in modem communications, bps is similar, but not identical, to the baud rate. See also baud rate. boot — To start the computer. The term “boot” originates from bootstrap program (as in “pulling itself up by its bootstraps”), a program that loads and initializes the operating system. See also reboot. boot disk — See system disk. boot priority (startup sequence) — The order in which the computer accesses its disk drives to locate the startup files. Under the default startup sequence, the computer looks for the startup files in the diskette drive before checking the hard disk., 272 Glossary bus — An electrical circuit that connects the central processing unit (CPU) with other parts of the computer, such as the video adapter, disk drives, and ports. It is the pathway through which data flows from one device to another. See also bus speed, frontside bus. bus speed — The speed at which the central processing unit (CPU) communicates with the other parts of the computer. byte — A sequence of eight bits. A byte is the smallest addressable unit of data. See also bit, gigabyte, kilobyte, megabyte.

C cache — A section of very fast memory in which frequently used

information is duplicated for quick access. Accessing data from cache is faster than accessing it from the computer’s main memory. See also CPU cache, L1 cache, L2 cache. CD — An individual compact disc. See also CD-ROM. CD-ROM (compact disc read-only memory) — A form of high- capacity storage that uses laser optics instead of magnetic means for reading data. See also CD. Compare DVD-ROM. central processing unit (CPU) — The chip that functions as the “brain” of the computer. It takes information from outside sources, such as memory or keyboard input, processes the information, and sends the results to another device that uses the information. character — Any letter, number, or symbol you can use on the computer. Some characters are non-printing characters, such as a paragraph break in a word-processing program. A character occupies one byte of computer storage. chip — A small piece of silicon containing computer logic and circuits for processing, memory, input/output, and/or control functions. Chips are mounted on printed circuit boards. click — To press and release the control button or mouse button without moving the pointing device. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the left mouse button or primary control button, unless otherwise stated. See also double-click., Glossary 273 color palette — A set of specified colors that establishes the colors that can be displayed on the screen at a particular time. compatibility — The extent to which computers, programs, or devices can work together harmoniously, using the same commands, formats, or language as another. configuration — (1) The collection of components that make up a single computer system. (2) How parts of the system are set up (that is, configured). controller — A device that controls the transfer of data from a computer to a peripheral device and vice versa. For example, disk drives, monitors, keyboards, and printers all require controllers. CPU — See central processing unit (CPU). CPU cache — A section of very fast memory residing between the CPU and the computer’s main memory that temporarily stores data and instructions the CPU will need to execute commands and programs. See also cache, L1 cache, L2 cache. cursor — A symbol that indicates the current position on the screen. The shape of the cursor varies, depending on the program you’re using and what you’re doing.

D default — The setting selected by a program when the user does

not specify an alternative setting. device — A component attached to the computer. Devices may be external (outside the computer’s case) or internal (inside the computer’s case). Printers, disk drives, and modems are examples of devices. device driver — A program (called a “driver”) that permits a computer to communicate with a device. dialog box — An on-screen window displayed by the operating system or a program giving a direction or requesting input from the user. direct current (DC) — The type of power usually supplied by batteries. DC flows in one direction. Compare alternating current (AC)., 274 Glossary direct memory access (DMA) — A dedicated channel, bypassing the CPU, that enables direct data transfer between memory and a device. directory — See folder. disable — To turn a computer option off. See also enable. disc — A round, flat piece of metal, designed to be read from and written to by optical (laser) technology, and used in the production of optical discs, such as CDs and DVDs. Compare disk. disk — A round, flat piece of material that can be magnetically influenced to hold information in digital form, and used in the production of magnetic disks, such as diskettes and hard disks. Compare disc. See also diskette, hard disk. disk drive — The device that reads and writes information and programs on a diskette or hard disk. It rotates the disk at high speed past one or more read/write heads. diskette — A thin, flexible disk in a protective jacket that stores magnetically encoded data. Diskettes can be removed from the computer and come in two sizes: 5.25-inch and 3.5-inch. Your computer uses 3.5-inch diskettes. See also double-density diskette, high-density diskette. document — Any file created with an application and, if saved to disk, given a name by which it can be retrieved. See also file. double-click — To press the control button or mouse button rapidly twice without moving the pointing device. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the primary control button or left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. double-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that can hold up to 720 KB of information (half the capacity of a high-density diskette). See also diskette, high-density diskette. download — (1) In communications, to receive a file from another computer through a modem or network. (2) To send font data from the computer to a printer. See also upload., Glossary 275 drag — To hold down the control button or mouse button while moving the cursor to drag a selected object. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the primary control button or left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. driver — See device driver. DVD — An individual digital versatile (or video) disc. See also DVD-ROM. DVD-ROM (digital versatile disc read-only memory) — A very high-capacity storage medium that uses laser optics for reading data. Each DVD-ROM can hold as much data as several CD- ROMs. Compare CD-ROM.

E emulation — A technique in which a device or program imitates

another device or program. enable — To turn on a computer option. See also disable. executable file — A computer program that is ready to run. Application programs and batch files are examples of executable files. Names of executable files usually end with a .bat or .exe extension. expansion device — A device that connects to a computer to expand its capabilities. Other names for an expansion device are port expander, port replicator, docking station, or network adapter. extension — See file extension. external device — See device.

F file — A collection of related information, saved on disk with a

unique name. A file may be a program, information used by a program, or a document. See also document. file allocation table (FAT) — The section of a disk that keeps track of the location of files stored on the disk. file name — A set of characters that uniquely identifies a file within a particular folder. It consists of two parts: the actual name and the file name extension. See also file extension., 276 Glossary file extension — The three characters following the period (pronounced “dot”) at the end of a file name. The extension indicates the type of file. Examples are .exe for program files and .hlp for help files. See also file name. folder — Also called directory. A container for organizing files saved to a disk. A folder is symbolized on screen by a graphical image (icon) of a file folder. A folder can contain files and other folders. format — (verb) To prepare a blank disk for use with the computer’s operating system. Formatting creates a structure on the disk so the operating system can write information to the disk or read information from it. frontside bus — The primary pathway (bus) between the CPU and the computer’s main memory. Also called “system bus.” See also bus. function keys — The keys labeled F1 through F12, typically located on the keyboard. Their function is determined by the operating system and/or individual programs.

G gigabyte (GB) — A unit of data equal to 1,073,741,824 bytes

(1024 x 1024 x 1024 bytes). See also byte. ground — A conductor to which all components of an electric circuit are connected. It has a potential of zero (0) volts, is connected to the earth, and is the point of reference for voltages in the circuit.

H hard disk — A storage device composed of a rigid platter or

platters that can be magnetically coded with data. Hard disks hold much more information than diskettes and are used for long-term storage of programs and data. The primary (or only) hard disk in a computer is usually fixed, but some computers have secondary hard disks that are removable. By default, the hard disk is referred to as drive C. hardware — The physical components of a computer system. Compare software., Glossary 277 Hibernation — A feature of many Toshiba notebook computers that saves to the hard disk the current state of your work, including all open files and programs, when you turn the computer off. When you turn on the computer again, your work is returned to the same state it was when the computer was turned off. See also Standby, Suspend. high-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that holds 1.44 MB of data. See also diskette. hot key — (1) A feature in which certain keys in combination with the Fn key can set system options or control system parameters, such as the battery save mode. (2) A key or combination of keys that activates a memory resident program. hot swapping — The ability to add or remove devices from a computer while the computer is running and have the operating system automatically recognize the change.

I icon — A small image displayed on the screen that represents a

function, file, or program. interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which only every other line of pixels is refreshed. Interlaced monitors take two passes to create a complete screen image. Compare non- interlaced. internal device — See device. Internet — The decentralized, world-wide network of computers that provides electronic mail, the World Wide Web, and other services. See also World Wide Web.

K keyboard shortcut — A key or combination of keys that you use

to perform a task instead of using a pointing device. kilobyte (KB) — A unit of data equal to 1024 bytes. See also byte.

L L1 (level one) cache — Memory cache built into the processor to

help improve processing speed. See also cache, CPU cache, L2 cache., 278 Glossary L2 (level two) cache — Memory cache installed on the motherboard to help improve processing speed. It is slower than L1 cache and faster than main memory. See also cache, CPU cache, L1 cache. LAN (local area network) — A group of computers or other devices dispersed over a relatively limited area and connected by a communications link that enables any device to interact with any other on the network. liquid crystal display (LCD) — A type of display that uses a liquid substance between two transparent electrode panels. When an electric current passes through the electrodes, the molecules in the liquid form a crystalline pattern that polarizes the light passing through it. A filter over the electrodes permits only non- polarized light to pass to the surface of the display, creating light and dark pixels. load — To move information from a storage device (such as a hard disk) into memory for processing. local area network — See LAN. logical drive — A section of a disk that is recognized by the operating system as a separate disk drive. A system’s logical drives may differ from its physical drives. For example, a single hard disk drive may be partitioned into two or more logical drives.

M megabyte (MB) — A unit of data equal to 1,048,576 bytes

(1024 x 1024 bytes). See also bytes. memory — Typically refers to the computer’s main memory, where programs are run and data is temporarily stored and processed. Memory can be volatile and hold data temporarily, such as RAM, or it can be nonvolatile and hold data permanently, such as ROM. A computer’s main memory is RAM. See RAM, ROM. microprocessor — See central processing unit (CPU)., Glossary 279 MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) — A standard for connecting musical instruments, synthesizers, and computers. The MIDI standard provides a way of translating music into a form computers can use, and vice versa. modem — Short for “modulator/demodulator.” A device that converts information from digital to analog and back to digital, enabling information to pass back and forth between digital computers and analog telephone lines. motherboard — The main circuit board in the computer. It contains the processor, memory, and other primary components. MS-DOS prompt — See system prompt. multimedia — A combination of two or more media, such as sound, animation, and video in a computer program or presentation. Musical Instrument Digital Interface — See MIDI.

N network — A collection of computers and associated devices that

are connected by communications facilities. A network allows you to share data and peripheral devices, such as printers, with other users and to exchange electronic mail. non-interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which each pixel of every line is refreshed as the electron beam scans across and down the screen. Compare interlaced. non-system disk — A disk for storing programs and data that cannot be used to start the computer. Compare system disk.

O online — Available through the computer. Online may refer to

information being read from your own computer’s hard disk, such as online documentation or online help, or to information coming from another company on a company network or the Internet. operating system — A set of programs that controls how the computer works. Examples of operating systems are Windows® 98 Second Edition and Windows® 2000 operating systems., 280 Glossary

P palette — See color palette.

parallel — Processes that occur simultaneously. In communications, it means the transmission of more than one bit of information at a time. On your computer, the parallel port provides a parallel communications interface between the computer and an appropriate device. Most modern printers are parallel. Compare serial. password — A unique string of characters entered by a user to verify his or her identity to the computer or the network. PC Card — A credit-card-sized expansion card designed to increase the capabilities of notebook computers. PC Cards provide functions such as modem, fax/modem, hard disk drive, network adapter, sound card, or SCSI adapter. peripheral — Any device, such as a printer or joystick, that is attached to the computer and controlled by the computer’s CPU. pixel — Short for “picture element.” The smallest dot that can be produced on a screen or printer. Plug and Play — Generally, refers to the computer’s ability to automatically configure itself to work with peripheral devices. When capitalized, refers to a standard that, when followed by a device manufacturer, allows a PC to configure itself automatically to work with the device. pointing device — Any device, such as a mouse, that enables you to move the cursor on the screen. port — A socket on the computer where you plug in a cable for connection to a network or a peripheral device. processor — See central processing unit (CPU). program — A set of instructions that can be executed by a computer. The general classes of programs (also called software) are operating system, application, and utility. See also operating system, application, utility. properties — The attributes of an object or device. For example, the properties of a file include the file’s type, size, and creation date., Glossary 281

R RAM (random access memory) — Volatile memory that can be

written to as well as read. By volatile, we mean that information in RAM is lost when you turn off your computer. This type of memory is used for your computer’s main memory. See also memory. Compare ROM. random access memory — See RAM. read-only memory — See ROM. reboot — See boot, restart. removable disk — A disk that can be removed from a disk drive. A diskette is one example of a removable disk. resolution — A measure of the sharpness of the images that can be produced by a printer or displayed on a screen. For a printer, resolution is expressed in dots per inch (dpi). For a screen, it is expressed as the number of pixels available horizontally and vertically. restart — Synonymous with reboot. To reset the computer by reloading the operating system without turning the computer off. See also boot. RJ11 — A modular connector used on most U.S. telephone systems and direct-connect modems. The RJ11 connector is a 6- wire connector. ROM (read-only memory) — Non-volatile memory that can be read but not written to. By non-volatile, we mean that information in ROM remains whether or not the computer is receiving power. This type of memory is used to store your computer’s BIOS, which is essential instructions the computer reads when you start it up. See also BIOS, memory. Compare RAM.

S SCSI — SCSI is the acronym for Small Computer Systems

Interface. A single SCSI PC Card enables you to connect several SCSI devices, such as a scanner or digital camera to your computer. select — To highlight or otherwise specify text, data, or graphics with the intent to perform some operation on it., 282 Glossary serial — Processes that occur one at a time. In communications, it means the transmission of one bit at a time sequentially over a single channel. On your computer, the serial port provides a serial interface between the computer and an appropriate device. Compare parallel. shortcut — See keyboard shortcut. software — See program. Compare hardware. Stand by — A feature of some Windows® operating systems that allows you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer on again. Suspend — A feature of some Windows® operating systems that allows you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer on again. system disk — A diskette that contains the operating system files needed to start the computer. Any diskette can be formatted as a system disk. A system disk is also called a “bootable disk” or a “startup disk.” Compare non-system disk. system prompt — The symbol (in the MS-DOS® operating system, generally a drive letter followed by a “greater than” sign) indicating where users are to enter commands.

T TFT display — See active-matrix display. U universal serial bus (USB) — A serial bus that supports a data

transfer rate of up to 12 Mbps (12 million bits per second). USB can connect up to 127 peripheral devices through a single all- purpose USB port. USB allows hot swapping of peripherals. See also bus, hot swapping, serial. upload — To send a file to another computer through a modem or network. See also download. URL — URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. It is the address that defines the route to a file on the Web or any other Internet facility. Generically, it is known as the World Wide Web site address., Glossary 283 USB — See universal serial bus (USB). utility — A computer program designed to perform a narrowly focused operation or solve a specific problem. Utilities are often related to computer system management.

VW Web — See World Wide Web.

Wi-Fi — A trademarked term by the Wireless Capability Ethernet Alliance which stands for Wireless Fidelity. Wi-Fi is another term for the IEEE 2.11b communication protocol to permit an Ethernet connection using wireless communication components. World Wide Web (www) — The worldwide network of Web sites linked together over the Internet. A user of the Web can jump from site to site regardless of the location of the computer hosting the site. See also Internet.,

Index A light 35, 64, 120

AC adapter 60 Li-ion (lithium ion) 115 AC power light 35, 60, 64 monitoring power 120 Accessories programs 154 NiMH (nickel metal hydride) 116 adding power usage mode 257 memory 47 recharging 118 alarms remaining power 120 low battery 123 removing 124 audio CDs RTC (real-time clock) 116, 119 playing 86 setting alarms 123 audio features 175 battery cover 38, 125 avoiding injury 40 latch 38 removing 125

B buttons

battery CD controls 88 alarms 123 CD Player 92 changing 124 CD/DVD controls 28, 33, 36, 87, charge not lasting 230 88 charging 62, 119 DVD-ROM drive conserving power 121 eject 87 disposal 127 Internet 32 inserting 126 next track 37 installing 124 play/pause 36 power 32, Index 285 previous track 36 COM port 167 primary control 33, 66 comfort secondary control 33, 66 chair 41 Start 131 lighting 42 stop 36 work habits 43 TOSHIBA Console 34, 80 command

C Hibernation 99Shut down 98

calculator 146 Stand by 100 CD control buttons 88 Turn Off 98 CD Player control panel 92 communications CD/DVD control buttons 28, 33, 36, network connection 169 87, 88 programs 96 CD/DVDs setting up 96 caring for 95 system resources 226 inserting 90, 91 via modem 96 playing 86 compact discs removing 94 inserting 91 viewing contents 93 problem solving 236 CD-ROMs removing 94 using 86 computer writing 30 cleaning 73 CDs 28, 33, 93 lock 73 inserting 91 moving 73 problem solving 236 non-system disk or disk error changing message 222 main battery 124 not accessing disk drives 221 channels placement 40 DMA 226 protection 39 IRQ 226 running on battery power 115 Character Map 147 setting up 44 charging turning on 63 main battery 62, 119 using at the office 166 RTC (real-time clock) battery 119 warning resume failure message checking device properties 228 222 cleaning work area 39 CD/DVDs 95 computing tips 75 computer 73 connecting diskettes 84 AC adapter 60 closing programs 145, 286 Index external monitor 166 disabling a device 227, 228 external speakers 178 devices headphones 178 keyboard 59 modem 96 Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL) 171 monitor 54 Digital Versatile Discs 86 power cable 61 Disk Defragmenter 234 television 54 disk drive to a network 97 corrupted/damaged data files 234 USB-compatible missing files/trouble accessing a keyboard 59 disk 233 mouse 53 running slow 234 video projector 54 disk/disc activity light 35 conserving battery power 121 diskette drive 59, 83 cooling vents can’t insert a diskette 234 CPU 31 can’t read a diskette 235 copying files 166 external 59 cursor control mode light 34 diskettes customizing caring for 84 taskbar 160 cleaning 84 window toolbars 163 copying files to 85

D inserting and removing 84display 34

date and time different refresh rates 56 setting 151 doesn’t look normal/flickers 232 DC-IN 60 external monitor not working 233 desktop 129 external, adjusting 57 background 132 hot key 55 browsing style 161 latch 62 choosing style and browsing LCD 34 options 161 properties 150 creating new icon 131 screen is blank 231 creating shortcuts 146 television, connecting 54 major features 130 video projector, connecting 54 properties 149 display limitations 58 shortcut menu 134 display panel Start button 131 opening 62 System tray 132 displaying folder information 164 taskbar 132, 143 disposing of used batteries 127 Device Manager 227 DMA (Direct Memory Access) 226 checking properties 228, Index 287 double-click 66 non-system disk or disk error 222, downloading 173 235 DVD-ROM 35, 95 problem with display settings/ launch WinDVD 2000 175 current settings not working DVD-ROM drive 30, 86, 175, 198 with hardware 232 inserting a disc 90 program has performed an illegal playing DVDs 198 operation 220 problems 235 warning resume failure 222 removing a disc 94 WinDVD 239 troubleshooting 228 Error-checking 233 WinDVD general properties 207 Ethernet LAN adapter 97 DVD-ROM/CD-RW expansion memory slot launch WinDVD2000 175 cover 37 DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive 30, 86, 95, external 175, 198 diskette drive 59 can’t access disc 235 keyboard 59 drive tray won’t open 235 external microphone eject button 87 connecting 176 general properties 207 external monitor light 35 connecting 166 manual eject hole/button 88 not working 233 playing DVDs 198 external speakers 178 problems 235 troubleshooting 228 F DVDs 28, 33, 86 FAT (File Allocation Table) 233 playing 175 fax setting auto-receive 71

E fax function

email 172 enabling 71 emulating a full-size keyboard 80 setting up 71 energy saving features 115 files 132 environmental considerations 40, 41 backing up 76, 85 ergonomics copying to diskette 85 lighting 42 printing 82 posture 41 saving 75, 81 seating guidelines 41 Fn key 32, 80 work habits 43 assigning functions 186 error messages Fn-esse 185 device driver conflict 225 assigning keys 186 general hardware problem 225, 288 Index change/remove key assignments hot keys 255 188 hot swapping drag-and-drop 186 precautions 181 keyboard 185 Hotkey utility 188 starting 185 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) using keyboard or pointing device 170 viewing key assignments 188 I folders 132 icon 131 displaying information 164 moving to desktop 131 front panel 33 naming 139 function keys 32, 77 safety 24 indicator panel

H keyboard 33

hard disk drive system 33, 35 cover 38 infrared port 28 light 35, 64 transferring files 166 hardware conflicts 225 inserting resolving 226 CDs and DVDs 91 headphone out 28, 33 main battery 126 headphones PC Cards 180 connecting 178 installing Help 155 main battery 124 Windows XP 224 memory module 47 Hibernation Internal/External mode 233 low battery 122 Internet 170 Hibernation command 99 bookmarked site not found 224 enabling 104 button 32 Hibernation mode 99 chat rooms 172 methods 105, 106, 111 connecting to 171 hiding windows 142 news groups 172 hot key overview 170 disabling/enabling TouchPad 261 slow connection 224 display modes 260 URL address not found 224 display output settings 55 Internet Service Provider (ISP) 171 keyboard 261 IRQ (Interrupt Request) 226 keyboard overlays 261 power usage mode 257 J Stand by mode 258 jacks volume mute 255 microphone in 28, 33, Index 289

K recharging 118

keyboard 33 removing 124 character keys 77 memory Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys 77 adding 47 cursor control overlay 79 problem solving 228 emulating full-size 80 removing 52 external 59 memory module Fn-esse 185 inserting 50 function keys 77 microphone in jack 28, 33 hot keys 261 Microsoft Internet Explorer 96 indicator panel 33, 34 Microsoft Support Online Web site lights 33 225 not working 221, 231 Microsoft Windows XP 23, 129 numeric keypad overlay 79 minimizing 143 overlay keys 78 modem unexpected characters 230 determining COM port 167 Windows special keys 78 port 29, 96 problem solving 248

L resetting port to default settings

LAN (Local Area Network) 167 adapter 97 upgrading 167 lights modem, using 96 AC power 35, 60, 64 modem/LAN cover 37 battery 35, 64, 120 modes cursor control mode 34 Hibernation 99 disk/disc activity 35 Stand by 100 diskette activity 83 video 263 diskette drive 35 monitor DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive 35 connecting 54, 166 hard disk drive 35, 64 not working 231 keyboard 33 moving the computer 73 numeric mode 34 My Computer 133, 134 on/off 35 N system 33 lock slot 31 network accessing 169

M connecting to 97

main battery New Connection Wizard 169 changing 124 Network Setup Wizard 97 New Folder icon 139, 290 Index new text document 137 external diskette drive 59 next track button 37 infrared 28 Notepad 138 LAN 29 numeric mode light 34 modem 29

O parallel 29RGB (monitor) 29

object properties 149 USB 29 on/off light 35 power online tours 157 cable 61 operating system 23 cable connectors 262

P computer will not start 221light 35

Paint program 140 monitoring 120 parallel port 29 on/off button 32 password problem solving 229 power-on 65 Power Management 191 PC Card running on batteries 193 checklist 245 power off CIS (Card Information Structure) guidelines 72 244 power usage mode 122 computer stops working 246 powering down the computer 98 eject button 31 options 98 errors 246 power-on password 65 hot swapping fails 246 precautions 43 inserting 180 presentations modem default 167 viewing on television set 174 not recognized 246 previous track button 36 problem solving 244, 245 primary control button 33, 66 removing 181 printer replacing 181 Add Printer Wizard 69 slots 31 problem solving 247 using 179 printing a file 82 PCMCIA (Personal Computer problem solving Memory Card International AC power 229 Association) 179 accessing disk drives 221 play/pause button 36 battery charge doesn’t last 230 playing can’t access CD/DVD 235 CDs and DVDs 86 can’t insert diskette in drive 234 ports can’t read a diskette 235 COM 167, Index 291 changing display properties 232 keyboard produces unexpected checking device properties 228 characters 230 compact discs not running missing files/trouble accessing a correctly 236 disk 233 computer hangs when PC Card modem not receiving or inserted 246 transmitting 248 computer will not power up 221 no sound 243 contacting Toshiba 250 non-system disk or disk error 222, corrupted/damaged data files 234 235 Device Manager 227 PC Card 244 disabling a device 227, 228 checklist 245 disk drive is slow 234 error occurs 246 display is blank 231 hot swapping fails 246 DVD-ROM not recognized 246 controls are gray 236 slots appear dead 245 not functioning properly 239 power and batteries 229 video content poor 239 printer 247 DVD-ROM performance is poor program not responding 219 236 program not working properly DVD-ROM Root or Title menu 234 does not open 236 screen does not look right/flickers DVD-ROM slow playback 237 232 DVD-ROM/CD-RW system resources 226 performance is poor 236 trouble prevention 248 DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive tray URL address not found 224 doesn’t eject 235 using Startup options 223 external display not working 233 warning resume failure 222 external keyboard not working Windows won’t start 221 231 Windows XP not working 222 external monitor 231 WinDVD error messages 239 faulty memory 228 programs hardware conflict 225, 226 closing 145 high-pitched noise 243 not running correctly 234 illegal operation 220 starting 81 Internet bookmarked site not Web browsers 171 found 224 properties 149 Internet connection is slow 224 keyboard R not responding 221 recharging main battery 118, 119, 292 Index RTC battery 119 setting recording battery alarms 123 adjusting quality 177 setting up sounds 175, 176 AC adapter 60 Recovery CD 25 communications 96 Recycle Bin 152 computer 39, 44, 46 region code 208 date and time 151 remaining battery power 120 printer 69 removing shortcut battery cover 125 creating 146 CDs and DVDs 94 menu 134 main battery 124 Shut down PC Cards 181 using 100 resizing windows 142, 144 Shut down command 98 Restart command 99 sound RGB (monitor) .wav files 176 port 29 problem solving 243 RTC (real-time clock) battery 116 speakers running the computer on battery power external 178 115 stereo 32 Stand by

S low battery 122

safety mode 35 disposing of batteries 127 Stand by command 100, 110 icon 24 Stand by mode 100 precautions 43 hot key 258 traveling 128 Start button 131 saving your work 81 starting a program 81 screen 34 Startup menu blank 231 problem solving 223 doesn’t look normal/flickers 232 sticky key 184 Screen Saver tab 150 stop button 36 SCSI (Small Computer Systems support for Windows 131 Interface) 182 system indicator panel 33, 35 Search Engine 172 System Restore 154 secondary control button 33, 66 System Setup 221 security System Tools 154 fitting a computer lock cable 73 System tray 132 lock slot 31 SelectServ 26, Index 293

T URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

taskbar 132, 143 160, 172 customizing 160 USB ports 29 telephone line USB-compatible connecting the modem 96 keyboard television connecting 59 mouse adjusting display 57 connecting 53 connecting 54 using text file 137 modem 96 tips on computing 75 PC Cards 179 toolbars TouchPad and control buttons customizing 163 133 displaying in a window 164 utilities Toshiba Hotkey utility 188 Internet Web sites 251 Power Management 191 TOSHIBA Accessibility 183 Toshiba Accessories Information 25 V TOSHIBA Button Controls 194 video 263 TOSHIBA Console 80, 189 video features TOSHIBA Console button 34, 80 exploring 173 Toshiba Forum 251 video modes 263 Toshiba Hardware Setup 195 table 264 Toshiba online services 251 video projector TouchPad 33 adjusting display 57 disabling or enabling 67 connecting 54 using 65, 133 volume control dial 28, 33 travelling tips 128 volume, adjusting 178 Turn Off using 100 W Turn Off command 98, 101 warranty Turn Off methods 101 SelectServ 26 turning computer on/off 32, 63 wav files turning off the computer 72 recording 176 tutorials 157 Web address 136, 172

U Web browsers 171

Web sites 250 Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Support Online 225 160, 172 Web sites,Toshiba 251 uploading 173, 294 Index Wi-Fi performance is poor 236 wireless networking 168 playlists 205 windows properties, audio 209 hiding 142 properties, display 210 repositioning 142 region codes 208 resizing 142, 144 slow playback 237 Windows Explorer 140 starting 199 Windows Help and Support 131 status bar 200 Windows XP toolbar 200 change date and time settings 151 video content poor 239 changing the screen saver 149 video window, maximizing 204 closing programs 145 zoom 216, 217 creating a new folder 139 WinDVD 2000 175 creating a text file 137 wireless features creating shortcuts 146 Wi-Fi 169 desktop 130 wireless networking 168 Help 155, 224 Wizards Help and Support 224 Add Printer 69 opening a Web page 136 Network Setup 97 problem solving 222 New Connection Wizard 169 Recycle Bin 152 World Wide Web 170 removing objects 152 resizing or moving windows 142, special features 159 starting programs 140 System Restore 154 tours and tutorials 157 WinDVD advanced features 211 color balance 217 control panel 201 controls are disabled 236 customizing 207 error messages 239 help 218 Internet browser, launching 218 not functioning properly 239 pan 217]
15

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