Download: Satellite® 2 Model: Satellite® 1410/1415

Satellite® 1410/1415 Series User’s Guide If you need assistance: InTouch® Center Calling within the United States (800) 457-7777 Calling from outside the United States (949) 859-4273 For more information, see Chapter 8 on page 201 in this guide. TOSHIBA C6624-1002M2 Model: Satellite® 1410/1415 Compact Disk-ReWritable The computer system you purchased may include a Compact Disk- ReWritable (CD-RW), one of the most advanced storage technologies available. As with any new technology, you must read and follow all set-up and usage instructions in the applicable user guides and/or manuals enclosed. ...
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Satellite®

1410/1415 Series

User’s Guide

If you need assistance: InTouch® Center Calling within the United States (800) 457-7777 Calling from outside the United States (949) 859-4273 For more information, see Chapter 8 on page 201 in this guide. TOSHIBA C6624-1002M2,

Model: Satellite® 1410/1415 Compact Disk-ReWritable

The computer system you purchased may include a Compact Disk- ReWritable (CD-RW), one of the most advanced storage technologies available. As with any new technology, you must read and follow all set-up and usage instructions in the applicable user guides and/or manuals enclosed. If you fail to do so, this product may not function properly and you may lose data or suffer other damage. TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS (“TOSHIBA”), ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DO NOT WARRANT THAT OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR FREE. YOU AGREE THAT TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS SHALL HAVE NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAMAGE TO OR LOSS OF ANY BUSINESS, PROFITS, PROGRAMS, DATA OR REMOVABLE STORAGE MEDIA ARISING OUT OF OR RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY THEREOF.

Protection of Stored Data

For your important data, please make periodic back-up copies of all the data stored on the hard disk or other storage devices as a precaution against possible failures, alteration, or loss of the data. IF YOUR DATA IS ALTERED OR LOST DUE TO ANY TROUBLE, FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION OF THE HARD DISK DRIVE OR OTHER STORAGE DEVICES AND THE DATA CANNOT BE RECOVERED, TOSHIBA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGE OR LOSS OF DATA, OR ANY OTHER DAMAGE RESULTING THEREFROM. WHEN COPYING OR TRANSFERRING YOUR DATA, PLEASE BE SURE TO CONFIRM WHETHER THE DATA HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY COPIED OR TRANSFERRED. TOSHIBA DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY FOR THE FAILURE TO COPY OR TRANSFER THE DATA CORRECTLY.

Critical Applications

The computer you have purchased is not designed for any “critical applications.” “Critical applications” means life support systems, medical applications, connections to implanted medical devices, commercial transportation, nuclear facilities or systems or any other applications where product failure could lead to injury to persons or loss of life or catastrophic property damage. ACCORDINGLY, TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ANY AND ALL LIABILITY, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN ANY CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. IF YOU USE THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN A CRITICAL APPLICATION, YOU, AND NOT TOSHIBA, ASSUME FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUCH USE.

FCC Notice

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: ❖ Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. ❖ Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. ❖ Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. ❖ Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. NOTE: Only peripherals complying with the FCC Class B limits may be attached to this equipment. Operation with noncompliant peripherals or peripherals not recommended by Toshiba is likely to result in interference to radio and TV reception. Shielded cables must be used between the external devices and the computer's or expansion unit’s serial port, parallel port, monitor port, USB port, PS/2® port, i.LINK® port and microphone jack. Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by Toshiba or parties authorized by Toshiba could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: ❖ This device may not cause harmful interference. ❖ This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation., Contact: Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. 9740 Irvine Blvd. Irvine, CA 92618-1697 (949) 583-3000

Industry Canada Requirement

This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conformé à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

FCC Requirements

The following information is pursuant to FCC CFR 47, Part 68 and refers to internal modems.

Installation

When you are ready to install or use the modem, call your local telephone company and give them the following information: ❖ The telephone number of the line to which you will connect the modem. ❖ The FCC registration number of the modem. ❖ The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) of the modem, which is 0.6B. The modem connects to the telephone line by means of a standard jack called the USOC RJ11C.

Type of Service

Your modem is designed to be used on standard-device telephone lines. Connection to telephone company-provided coin service (central office implemented systems) is prohibited. Connection to party lines service is subject to State tariffs. If you have any questions about your telephone line, such as how many pieces of equipment you can connect to it, the telephone company will provide this information upon request.

Telephone Company Procedures

The goal of the telephone company is to provide you with the best service it can. In order to do this, it may occasionally be necessary for them to make changes in their equipment, operations or procedures. If these changes might affect your service or the operation of your equipment, the telephone, company will give you notice, in writing, to allow you to make any changes necessary to maintain uninterrupted service.

If Problems Arise

If any of your telephone equipment is not operating properly, you should immediately remove it from your telephone line, as it may cause harm to the telephone network. If the telephone company notes a problem, they may temporarily discontinue service. When practical, they will notify you in advance of this disconnection. If advance notice is not feasible, you will be notified as soon as possible. When you are notified, you will be given the opportunity to correct the problem and informed of your right to file a complaint with the FCC. In the event repairs are ever needed on your modem, they should be performed by Toshiba Corporation, Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. or an authorized representative of Toshiba.

Disconnection

If you should ever decide to permanently disconnect your modem from its present line, please call the telephone company and let them know of this change.

Fax Branding

The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 makes it unlawful to use a computer or other electronic device to send any message via a telephone fax machine unless such message clearly contains in a margin at the top or bottom of each transmitted page or on the first page of the transmission, the date and time it is sent and an identification of the business, other entity or individual sending the message and the telephone number of the sending machine or such business, other entity or individual. In order to program this information into your fax modem, you should complete the setup for your fax software before sending a message.

Instructions for IC CS-03 certified equipment

1 NOTICE: The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational and safety requirements as prescribed in the appropriate Terminal Equipment Technical Requirements document(s). The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s satisfaction. Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection. The customer should be, aware that compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some situations. Repairs to certified equipment should be coordinated by a representative designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user to disconnect the equipment. Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections of the power utility, telephone lines and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas. Caution: Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the appropriate electric inspection authority, or electrician, as appropriate. 2 The user manual of analog equipment must contain the equipment’s Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) and an explanation notice similar to the following: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) of this device can be found on the label affixed to your computer. NOTICE: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) assigned to each terminal device provides an indication of the maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all the devices does not exceed 5. 3 The standard connecting arrangement (telephone jack type) for this equipment is jack type(s): USOC RJ11C.

Wireless Interoperability

The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card products are designed to be interoperable with any wireless LAN product that is based on Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) radio technology, and is compliant to: ❖ The IEEE 802.11 Standard on Wireless LANs (Revision B), as defined and approved by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. ❖ The Wireless Fidelity (Wi-FiTM ) certification as defined by the WECA Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance.,

Wireless LAN and your Health

Wireless LAN products, like other radio devices, emit radio frequency electromagnetic energy. The level of energy emitted by Wireless LAN devices however is far much less than the electromagnetic energy emitted by wireless devices like for example mobile phones. Because Wireless LAN products operate within the guidelines found in radio frequency safety standards and recommendations, Toshiba believes Wireless LAN is safe for use by consumers. These standards and recommendations reflect the consensus of the scientific community and result from deliberations of panels and committees of scientists who continually review and interpret the extensive research literature. In some situations or environments, the use of Wireless LAN may be restricted by the proprietor of the building or responsible representatives of the organization. These situations may for example include: ❖ Using the Wireless LAN equipment on board of airplanes, or ❖ In any other environment where the risk of interference to other devices or services is perceived or identified as harmful. If you are uncertain of the policy that applies on the use of wireless devices in a specific organization or environment (e.g., airports), you are encouraged to ask for authorization to use the Wireless LAN device prior to turning on the equipment.

Regulatory Information

The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card must be installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions as described in the user documentation that comes with the product. This device complies with the following radio frequency and safety standards.

Canada – Industry Canada (IC)

This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of this device. L’utilisation de ce dispositif est autorisée seulement aux conditions suivantes: (1) il ne doit pas produire de brouillage et (2) l’utilisation du dispositif doit étre prét à accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique recu, même si ce brouillage est susceptible de compromettre le fonctionnement du dispositif. To prevent radio interference to the licensed service, this device is intended to be operated indoors and away from windows to provide maximum shielding. Equipment (or its transmit antenna) that is installed outdoors is subject to licensing., Pour empêcher que cet appareil cause du brouillage au service faisant l'object d'une licence, il doit être utiliséàl'interieur et devrait être placé loin des fenêtres afin de fournir un écran de blidage maximal. Si le matérial (ou son antenne d 'émission) est installéàl' exterieur, il doit faire l'object d' une licence.

USA-Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

This device complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules. Operation of the devices in a Wireless LAN System is subject to the following two conditions: ❖ This device may not cause harmful interference. ❖ This device must accept any interference that may cause undesired operation.

Caution: Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation

The radiated output power of the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card shall be used in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. When using this device in combination with Wireless LAN Outdoor Antenna products, a certain separation distance between antenna and nearby persons has to be kept to ensure RF exposure compliance. The distance the user needs to be from the antennas, located on top of the LCD, should not be less than 20.0 cm when the display is raised to its normal operating position. Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes with those products for additional information. The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. No other transmitter may be co-located with this device except FCC ID# CJ6PA3121BT. Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes with those products for additional information. Nevertheless, it is advised to use the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card in such a manner that human contact during normal operation is minimized.

Interference Statement

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy. If not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause harmful interference to radio communications., However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: ❖ Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. ❖ Increase the distance between the equipment and the receiver. ❖ Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. ❖ Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. Toshiba is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized modification of the devices included with this Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card, or the substitution or attachment of connecting cables and equipment other than specified by Toshiba. The correction of interference caused by such unauthorized modification, substitution or attachment will be the responsibility of the user.

Approved Countries for use

This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries in Fig.1. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland UK

USA

Fig. 1. Caution: Do not use this equipment except in the countries in Fig.1.,

Caution: Bluetooth and Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation

The radiated output power of the BluetoothTM Card from Toshiba is far below FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the Bluetooth card shall be used in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. In order to comply with FCC radio frequency radiation exposure guidelines for an uncontrolled environment, the Bluetooth Card has to be operated with the user maintaining a minimum distance of 20 cm from the antennas located on top of the LCD when the display is raised to its normal operating position. Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes with those products for additional information. No other transmitter may be co- located with this device except FCC ID# CJ6PA3070WL or CJ6PA3171WL.

CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, DVD-ROM/CD-RW Safety Instructions

The CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and DVD-ROM/CD-RW drives employ a laser system. To ensure proper use of this product, please read this instruction manual carefully and retain for future reference. Should the unit ever require maintenance, contact an authorized service location. Use of controls, adjustments or the performance of procedures other than those specified may result in hazardous radiation exposure. To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure.

Location of the required label

(Sample shown below. (Location of the label and manufacturing information may vary.), CAUTION: This appliance contains a laser system and is classified as a “CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT.” To use this model properly, read the instruction manual carefully and keep it for your future reference. In case of any trouble with this model, please contact your nearest “AUTHORIZED service station.” To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure. Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified in the owner’s manual may result in hazardous radiation exposure.

Copyright

This guide is copyrighted by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. with all rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this guide cannot be reproduced in any form without the prior written permission of Toshiba. No patent liability is assumed, however, with respect to the use of the information contained herein. ©2002 by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Export Administration Regulation

This document contains technical data that may be controlled under the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, and may be subject to the approval of the U.S. Department of Commerce prior to export. Any export, directly or indirectly, in contravention of the U.S. Export Administration Regulations is prohibited.

Notice

The information contained in this manual, including but not limited to any product specifications, is subject to change without notice. TOSHIBA CORPORATION AND TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INC. (TOSHIBA) PROVIDES NO WARRANTY WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARD TO ANY OF THE FOREGOING. TOSHIBA ASSUMES NO LIABILITY FOR ANY DAMAGES INCURRED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM ANY TECHNICAL OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS OR OMISSIONS CONTAINED HEREIN OR FOR DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THE PRODUCT AND THE MANUAL. IN NO EVENT SHALL TOSHIBA BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, WHETHER BASED ON TORT, CONTRACT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS MANUAL OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN OR THE USE THEREOF.

Trademarks

Satellite, Noteworthy, SelectServ, InTouch, and Fn-esse are registered trademarks of Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. and/or Toshiba Corporation. WinDVD is a trademark of InterVideo, Inc. Microsoft, Windows, DirectX, and DirectShow are registered trademarks, and Windows Media is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. i.LINK is a registered trademark of Sony Corporation. PS/2 is a registered trademark of IBM Corporation. Wi-Fi is a trademark of the Wireless Capability Ethernet Alliance. TouchPad is a trademark of Synaptics, Inc. CompuServe is a registered trademark of America Online, Inc. Bluetooth is a trademark owned by its proprietor and used by Toshiba under license. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.

Computer Disposal Information

This product contains mercury. Disposal of this material may be regulated due to environmental considerations. For disposal, reuse or recycling information, please contact your local government or the Electronic Industries Alliance at www.eiae.org.,

Contents

Introduction ...22 This guide ... 22 Safety icons ... 23 Other icons used... 24 Other documentation ... 24 Service options ... 25 Chapter 1: Finding Your Way Around ... 26 Making sure you have everything ... 26 Front with the display closed ... 27 Back ... 28 Right side... 29 Left side ... 30 Front with the display open... 31 Keyboard indicator lights ... 33 System indicator panel ... 34 CD/DVD control buttons ... 35 Underside ... 36 Chapter 2: Getting Started... 38 Selecting a place to work ... 38, 14 Contents Creating a computer-friendly environment... 38 Keeping yourself comfortable ... 39 Precautions... 42 Setting up your computer ... 43 Setting up your software... 44 Registering your computer with Toshiba ... 45 Adding external devices ... 45 Installing additional memory (optional) ... 46 Connecting a mouse ... 53 Connecting a printer ... 53 Connecting a USB printer... 53 Connecting a parallel printer ... 53 Using external display devices ... 54 Connecting an external monitor ... 54 Directing the display output when you turn on the computer... 55 Adjusting the quality of the external display... 55 Display limitations ... 56 Connecting an external diskette drive... 57 Using an external keyboard... 57 Connecting the AC adapter... 58 Charging the battery ... 60 Using the computer for the first time ... 60 Opening the display panel ... 60 Turning on the power... 61 Activating the power-on password... 63 Important information on your computer’s built-in LCD sensor ... 64 Using the TouchPad ... 65 Primary and secondary control buttons... 66 Disabling or enabling the TouchPad... 66 Setting up a printer ... 68 Setting up the fax function ... 70 Powering off the computer ... 72, Contents 15 Caring for your computer... 72 Cleaning the computer ... 73 Moving the computer... 73 Using a computer lock ... 73 Chapter 3: Learning the Basics... 75 Computing tips ... 75 Using the keyboard ... 76 Character keys ... 77 Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys ... 77 Function keys... 77 Windows® special keys... 78 Overlay keys... 78 Emulating a full-size keyboard ... 80 TOSHIBA Console button... 80 Starting a program... 81 Saving your work ... 81 Printing your work ... 82 Using diskettes ... 83 Inserting and removing diskettes... 84 Caring for diskettes... 84 Backing up your files ... 85 Copying to a diskette ... 85 Playing a CD or DVD ... 86 Drive components and control buttons... 87 CD/DVD control buttons ... 88 CD/DVD and Digital audio modes ... 89 Inserting a disc ... 90 Playing an audio CD... 92 Viewing the contents of a CD or DVD... 94 Removing a disc with the computer on... 95 Removing a disc with the computer off ... 95 Caring for CDs and DVDs... 96, 16 Contents Using the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunction drive... 96 Setting up for communications... 97 Connecting the modem... 97 Connecting your computer to a network ... 98 Powering down the computer ... 99 Turn Off or Shut down command... 99 Restart command ... 100 Hibernation command ... 100 Standby command... 101 Using Turn Off or Shut down ... 101 Turning off or shutting down more quickly ... 103 Starting again after Turn Off or Shut down ... 105 Using Hibernation ... 105 Enabling the Hibernation command ... 106 Going into Hibernation mode ... 107 Going into Hibernation mode more quickly... 108 Starting again from Hibernation... 111 Using Standby ... 112 Going into Standby mode more quickly ... 113 Starting again from Standby ... 116 Chapter 4: Mobile Computing ... 117 Toshiba's energy-saver design... 117 Running the computer on battery power ... 117 Using additional batteries ... 118 Battery safety precautions... 118 Maximizing battery life ... 119 Charging batteries... 121 Charging the main battery... 121 Charging the RTC battery... 122 Monitoring battery power ... 122 Determining remaining battery power... 123, Contents 17 Conserving battery power ... 124 What to do when the battery runs low ... 124 Setting battery alarms... 125 Changing the main battery ... 126 Removing the battery from the computer ... 126 Removing the battery from the battery cover. 127 Inserting a charged battery ... 128 Disposing of used batteries safely ... 129 Traveling tips... 130 Chapter 5: Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System . 131 Lesson 1: Exploring the desktop ... 132 Finding your way around the desktop ... 132 Windows® XP file system ... 134 Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together ... 135 Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet ... 139 Lesson 4: Creating a new document ... 140 Lesson 5: Creating a new folder... 142 Lesson 6: Starting programs ... 143 Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows... 145 Using the taskbar ... 146 Minimizing and maximizing windows ... 146 Resizing and moving windows... 147 Lesson 8: Closing programs ... 148 Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts ... 149 Creating a shortcut to the Calculator... 149 Creating a shortcut to the Character Map ... 150 Lesson 10: Changing the screen saver... 152 Lesson 11: Setting the date and time... 154 Lesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop .. 155 Lesson 13: Using System Restore ... 157, 18 Contents Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? ... 158 Windows® XP Help and Support ... 158 Using the Windows® XP tour ... 160 Lesson 15: Turning off your computer... 161 Chapter 6: Exploring Your Options... 162 Windows® XP special features... 162 Personalizing your desktop... 163 Customizing the taskbar ... 163 Changing desktop and browsing style ... 164 Personalizing individual windows ... 165 Customizing window toolbars... 166 Displaying information about each folder... 167 Using your computer at the office... 169 Exchanging data with another computer... 169 Setting up a direct cable connection ... 169 Setting up for communications... 170 Connecting your computer to a network ... 172 Accessing the wireless modules using your system tray ... 173 An overview of using the Internet ... 173 The Internet ... 174 The World Wide Web ... 174 Internet Service Providers... 174 Connecting to the Internet using a telephone line ... 175 Surfing the Internet... 175 Internet features... 176 Uploading and downloading files from the Internet... 176 Toshiba’s online resources... 177 Exploring video features ... 177 Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television... 177, Contents 19 Playing DVDs ... 178 Exploring audio features ... 178 Recording sounds... 179 Using a microphone... 179 Adjusting recording quality ... 180 Using external speakers or headphones... 181 Using PC Cards... 182 PC Card supporting software ... 182 Inserting PC Cards ... 183 Removing PC Cards ... 184 Hot swapping... 184 Chapter 7: Toshiba Utilities ... 186 TOSHIBA Accessibility ... 186 Fn-esse ... 187 Starting Fn-esse... 188 Assigning a key to a program or document ... 189 Viewing existing key assignments ... 191 Changing or removing existing key assignments ... 191 Hotkey utility ... 191 TOSHIBA Console ... 192 Customize Your Computer ... 193 Security... 194 Power Management ... 194 TOSHIBA Button Controls ... 197 Toshiba Hardware Setup ... 198 Chapter 8: If Something Goes Wrong ... 201 Problems that are easy to fix ... 201 Problems when you turn on the computer... 203 The Windows® operating system is not working . 204 Using Startup options to fix problems ... 205, 20 Contents Internet problems ... 206 The Windows® XP operating system can help you ... 206 Resolving a hardware conflict ... 207 A plan of action ... 207 Resolving hardware conflicts on your own ... 208 Fixing a problem with Device Manager ... 209 Memory module problems... 211 Power and the batteries ... 212 Keyboard problems... 213 Display problems ... 214 Disk drive problems... 216 DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive problems... 218 Sound system problems ... 219 PC Card problems... 219 Printer problems... 222 Modem problems... 223 Develop good computing habits ... 224 If you need further assistance... 225 Before you call ... 225 Contacting Toshiba ... 226 Other Toshiba Internet Web sites ... 227 Toshiba’s worldwide offices ... 228 Appendix A: Hot Keys ... 231 Volume Mute... 231 Instant password security... 232 Without a password ... 232 With a password ... 232 Maintaining security when the battery isn’t fully charged ... 233 Power usage mode ... 234 Standby mode... 235 Hibernation mode ... 236, Contents 21 Display modes ... 237 Display brightness ... 238 Disabling or enabling the TouchPad... 238 Keyboard hot keys ... 238 Appendix B: Power Cable Connectors ... 239 USA and Canada ... 239 United Kingdom ... 239 Australia... 239 Europe ... 239 Glossary ...240 Index ...256,

Introduction

Welcome to the world of powerful and portable multimedia computers! With your new Toshiba notebook computer, your access to information can accompany you wherever you go. You will find that your Microsoft® Windows® XP Home or XP Professional operating system is already installed on your computer. It offers exciting features and easy Internet access.

This guide

This guide introduces the computer’s features. You can: ❖ Read the entire guide from beginning to end. ❖ Skim through and stop when a topic interests you. ❖ Use the table of contents and the index to find specific information. If you are new to computers, or have not used a notebook computer before, read through the first couple of chapters to familiarize yourself with the components of the computer and how to turn it on. After that, seek out whatever interests you most., Introduction Safety icons 23

Safety icons

This manual contains safety instructions that must be observed in order to avoid potential hazards that could result in personal injuries, damage to your equipment, or loss of data. These safety cautions have been classified according to the seriousness of the risk, and the icons highlight these instructions as follows: DANGER: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that could result in death or serious bodily injury if the safety instruction is not observed. WARNING: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that could result in bodily injury if the safety instruction is not observed. CAUTION: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that could result in damage to equipment or property if the safety instruction is not observed. NOTE: This icon indicates information that relates to the safe operation of the equipment or related items., 24 IntroductionOther documentation

Other icons used

Additional icons highlight other helpful or educational information: TECHNICAL NOTE: This icon highlights technical information about the computer. HINT: This icon denotes helpful hints and tips. DEFINITION: This icon indicates the definition of a term used in the text.

Other documentation

In addition to this user’s guide, your computer comes with the following documentation: ❖ This electronic version of the user’s guide. ❖ Guides for other programs that may come preinstalled on your computer and for additional programs on your Recovery CDs. ❖ Accessories Information, which lists accessories available from Toshiba and explains how to order them. The Microsoft®❖ Windows® operating system documentation, which explains the features of the operating system., Introduction Service options 25

Service options

Toshiba offers a full line of service options built around its SelectServ® warranty programs. For more information, visit Toshiba's Web site at toshiba.com. If you have a problem or need to contact Toshiba, see “If Something Goes Wrong” on page 201.,

Chapter 1 Finding Your Way Around

This chapter presents a “grand tour” of your notebook computer. It serves as a reference when you need to locate specific parts of the computer.

Making sure you have everything

Before doing anything else, consult the Quick Start card provided with your system to make sure you received everything. If any items are missing or damaged, notify your dealer immediately. For additional help, see “If you need further assistance” on page 225., Finding Your Way Around Front with the display closed 27

Front with the display closed

Display latch CD/DVD control buttons System indicator panel Microphone in jack Volume control dial Headphone out The lights on the system indicator panel provide information about various system functions. For a description, see “System indicator panel” on page 34. The volume control dial lets you adjust the loudness of the system speakers. The 3.5 mm headphone out lets you connect stereo headphones or other audio-output devices, such as external speakers. Connecting other devices automatically disables the internal speakers. The 3.5 mm microphone in jack lets you connect an external monaural microphone. The display latch keeps the display panel closed and locked. To open the display panel, slide the display latch to the right and raise the panel. The CD/DVD control buttons allow you to play audio CDs when the computer is turned off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs with the computer turned on. For a description of these controls, see “CD/DVD control buttons” on page 35., 28 Finding Your Way AroundBack

Back

DC-IN LAN port USB Video out Parallel port Modem port ports RGB (monitor) port The DC-IN is where you plug in the AC adapter. The LAN port lets you connect the computer to a local area Ether network using an Ethernet link. The USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports allow you to connect USB peripherals to your computer. DEFINITION: USB is a peripheral expansion standard that supports a data-transfer rate of up to 12 Mbps for peripherals such as keyboards, pointing devices, and monitors. USB peripherals have a single standard for cabling and connectors. The USB standard allows hot swapping of peripherals. The video out allows you to play DVD video on a projector or TV. The parallel port allows you to connect a parallel printer. The RGB (monitor) port allows you to connect an external monitor. The modem port lets you use a RJ11 telephone cable to connect the modem directly to a standard telephone line. For more information, see “Connecting the modem” on page 97., Finding Your Way Around Right side 29

Right side

Diskette drive eject button DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW sample drive shown Manual Diskette DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/ eject Securitydrive LED CD-RW drive LED button lock slot Diskette drive Eject button Wireless antenna LED* Wireless antenna on-off switch* (*only functional for systems with Wi-FiTM) The diskette drive LED (light-emitting diode) flashes when the diskette drive is in use. The diskette drive allows diskettes to be accessed. The wireless antenna LED glows when the wireless antenna is in use. The diskette drive eject button enables you to remove diskettes from the drive. The wireless antenna on-off switch turns the computer’s wireless antenna on or off. The DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive enables you to play high-resolution, full-screen videos at up to 30 frames per second. You can also use it to install and run programs from application CD-ROMs and play audio CDs. The DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive LED flashes when the drive is in use. The eject button opens the drive tray when the computer is turned on., 30 Finding Your Way AroundLeft side The manual eject button enables you to open the drive tray when the computer is off. CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it. Instead, use a slim object such as a straightened paper clip. The security lock slot allows you to attach an optional PORT- Noteworthy® computer lock cable to your computer for securing it to a large, heavy object such as your desk.

Left side

Cooling vents PC Card slots PC Card Battery release latch eject buttons The cooling vents prevent the computer’s central processing unit (CPU) from overheating so that it can continue to perform at its maximum speed. CAUTION: To prevent possible overheating of the CPU, make sure you don’t block the cooling vents. The two stacked PC Card slots support up to two Type II PC Cards, or one Type III PC Card. See “Using PC Cards” on page 182 for more information. The PC Card eject buttons release PC Cards from the corresponding slots., Finding Your Way Around Front with the display open 31 The battery release latch secures the battery cover to the computer, preventing the battery from dislodging from the computer case.

Front with the display open

Screen Internet button TOSHIBA Console button Power button Keyboard Speaker indicator lights Speaker Function keys TouchPad Keyboard LCD sensor System Palm rest indicator CD/DVD control buttons panel Volume control dial Secondary control button Headphone out Microphone in jack Primary control button This section describes features that are revealed when you open the display panel. For features that are visible when the display panel is closed, see “Front with the display closed” on page 27. The Internet button turns on the computer and launches your default Internet browser. The power button turns the computer on and off., 32 Finding Your Way AroundFront with the display open The stereo speakers let you hear sounds, such as system alarms associated with your software, and music from DVD- ROMs and audio CDs. The function keys, when used with the Fn key, activate several different system functions. For more information, see “Hot Keys” on page 231. The TouchPadTM enables you to move the cursor with the stroke of a finger. For more information, see “Using the TouchPad” on page 65. The built-in LCD sensor causes your computer to go into Hibernation mode when the panel is closed, if set to perform this function. For more information, see “Important information on your computer’s built-in LCD sensor” on page 64. The lights on the system indicator panel provide information about various system functions. For a description of these lights, see “System indicator panel” on page 34. The volume control dial lets you adjust the loudness of the system speakers. The 3.5 mm headphone out lets you connect stereo headphones or other audio-output devices, such as external speakers. Connecting other devices automatically disables the internal speakers. The 3.5 mm microphone in jack lets you connect an external monaural microphone. The primary control button, located below the TouchPad, acts like the primary button on a mouse. The secondary control button, located below the TouchPad, acts like the secondary button on a mouse. The CD/DVD control buttons allow you to play audio CDs when the computer is turned off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs with the computer turned on. For a description of these controls, see “CD/DVD control buttons” on page 35., Finding Your Way Around Front with the display open 33 The front panel provides a palm rest to assist you in maintaining proper posture while using the computer. The 85-key keyboard provides all the functionality of a full- size keyboard. For more information, see “Using the keyboard” on page 76. The keyboard indicator lights provide information about various keyboard functions. For details, see “Keyboard indicator lights” on page 33. The TOSHIBA Console button allows quick access to various functions. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192. The computer’s screen is a liquid crystal display (LCD) that provides clear, sharp images. For more information on your viewing options, see “Display modes” on page 237.

Keyboard indicator lights

Cursor control mode light Numeric mode light Caps lock light The cursor control mode light glows green when the cursor control overlay is on. When this light is on, pressing an overlay key moves the cursor in the direction of the arrow printed on the front of the key instead of typing the letter printed on the top of the key. The numeric mode light glows green when the numeric overlay is on. When this light is on, pressing an overlay key, 34 Finding Your Way AroundFront with the display open types the number printed on the front of the key instead of typing the letter printed on the top of the key. The caps lock light glows when the caps lock function is on. For more information, see “Overlay keys” on page 78.

System indicator panel

On/off light Battery light

AC

power Hard disk light drive light Disk/disc activity light The AC power light glows green when the computer is connected to an external power source. The on/off light glows green when the computer is on. The light flashes amber when the computer is in Standby mode. The battery light indicates the main battery’s current charge. It glows green when the battery is fully charged. It glows amber while the battery is being charged. It does not glow if the external power source is disconnected or if the battery is completely discharged. For more information on determining remaining battery power, see “Monitoring battery power” on page 122. The hard disk drive light flashes green while the hard disk drive is being accessed., Finding Your Way Around Front with the display open 35 The disk/disc activity light flashes green when the diskette drive, the DVD-ROM or the DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive is being accessed. CAUTION: Never turn off the computer while any drive is in use. Doing so may damage the media in use and result in loss of data.

CD/DVD control buttons

The control buttons on the front of the computer are for playing CDs, DVDs and digital audio files. You can play audio CDs while the computer is turned off. Next track Stop/eject CD/ Play/pause

DVD

mode Previous track Digital audio mode The CD/DVD mode button allows you to play CDs or DVDs in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. The Digital audio mode button allows you to play digital audio files. The previous track button returns the disc player to the preceding track on the disc. The play/pause button starts the disc player, or makes the disc player pause if it is currently playing. The stop/eject button stops a disc that is currently playing. Press the button again to eject the disc., 36 Finding Your Way AroundUnderside The next track button causes the disc player to skip to the following track on the disc. NOTE: If you have set a password for logging onto your system, your computer will start up and you will need to log on before being able to play a CD or DVD.

Underside

*Wi-Fi Mini PCI cover Expansion memory slot cover Modem cover Battery cover Battery release latch Hard disk drive cover *Wi-Fi Mini PCI module is optional The Wi-Fi Mini-PCI cover secures a Wi-Fi Mini-PCI card for wireless networking (for systems with Wi-Fi). See “Accessing the wireless modules using your system tray” on page 173. The expansion memory slot cover protects the slots where you insert additional memory. See “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 46 for detailed information. The modem cover protects the built-in modem., Finding Your Way Around Underside 37 The battery release latch secures the battery cover to the computer, preventing the battery from dislodging from the computer case. The battery cover provides access to the battery module, which lets you use your computer when a standard electrical outlet is not available. For information about replacing the battery, see “Changing the main battery” on page 126. The hard disk drive cover protects the computer’s hard disk drive.,

Chapter 2 Getting Started

This chapter provides tips for working comfortably, describes how to connect components, and explains what to do the first time you use your notebook computer.

Selecting a place to work

Your computer is portable and designed to be used in a variety of circumstances and locations.

Creating a computer-friendly environment

Place the computer on a flat surface that is large enough for the computer and any other items you need to use, such as a printer. Leave enough space around the computer and other equipment to provide adequate ventilation and prevent overheating. To keep your computer in prime operating condition, protect your work area from: ❖ Dust, moisture, and direct sunlight., Getting Started Selecting a place to work 39 ❖ Equipment that generates a strong electromagnetic field, such as stereo speakers (other than speakers that are connected to the computer) or speakerphones. ❖ Rapid changes in temperature or humidity and sources of temperature change, such as air conditioner vents or heaters. ❖ Extreme heat, cold, or humidity. ❖ Liquids and corrosive chemicals. CAUTION: If you spill liquid into the computer, turn it off, unplug it from the AC power source, and let it dry out completely before turning it on again. If the computer does not operate correctly after you turn it back on, contact a Toshiba authorized service provider.

Keeping yourself comfortable

Strain and stress injuries are becoming more common as people spend more time using their computers. With a little care and proper use of the equipment, you can work comfortably throughout the day. This section provides hints on avoiding strain and stress injuries. For more information, consult books on ergonomics, repetitive-strain injury, and repetitive-stress syndrome.

Placement of the computer

Proper placement of the computer and external devices is important to avoid stress-related injuries. ❖ Place the computer on a flat surface at a comfortable height and distance. You should be able to type without twisting your torso or neck, and look at the screen without slouching., 40 Getting StartedSelecting a place to work ❖ If you are using an external monitor, the top of the display should be no higher than eye level. ❖ If you use a paper holder, set it at about the same height and distance as the screen.

Seating and posture

When using your computer, maintain good posture with your body relaxed and your weight distributed evenly. Proper seating is a primary factor in reducing work strain. Some people find a backless chair more comfortable than a conventional chair. Below eye level Approximately 90-degree angles Footrest Correct posture and positioning of the computer Whichever type you choose, use the following guidelines to adjust your chair for maximum computing comfort. ❖ Position your chair so that the keyboard is at or slightly below the level of your elbow. You should be able to type comfortably with your shoulders relaxed and your forearms parallel to the floor. If you are using a conventional chair: ❖ Your knees should be slightly higher than your hips. If necessary, use a footrest to raise the level of your knees and ease the pressure on the back of your thighs., Getting Started Selecting a place to work 41 ❖ Adjust the back of your chair so that it supports the lower curve of your spine. If necessary, use a cushion to provide extra back support. Lower-back-support cushions are available at many office supply stores. ❖ Sit with your back straight so that your knees, hips, and elbows form approximately 90-degree angles when you work. Do not slump forward or lean back too far.

Lighting

Proper lighting can improve the visibility of the display and reduce eyestrain. ❖ Position the display panel or external monitor so that sunlight or bright indoor lighting does not reflect off the screen. Use tinted windows or shades to reduce glare. ❖ Avoid placing your computer in front of a bright light that could shine directly in your eyes. ❖ If possible, use soft, indirect lighting in your computer work area.

Arms and wrists

❖ Avoid bending, arching, or twisting your wrists. Keep them in a relaxed, neutral position while typing. ❖ Exercise your hands, wrists, and arms to improve circulation. WARNING: Using the computer keyboard incorrectly may result in discomfort and possible injury. If your hands, wrists, and/or arms bother you while typing, stop using the computer and rest. If the discomfort persists, consult a physician., 42 Getting StartedSelecting a place to work

Work habits

The key to avoiding discomfort or injury from strain is to vary your activities. If possible, schedule a variety of tasks into your working day. Finding ways to break up the routine can reduce stress and improve your efficiency. ❖ Take frequent breaks to change position, stretch your muscles, and relieve your eyes. A break of two or three minutes every half-hour is more effective than a long break after several hours. ❖ Avoid performing repetitive activities for long periods. Intersperse such activities with other tasks. ❖ Focusing your eyes on your computer screen for long periods can cause eyestrain. Look away from the computer frequently and focus your eyes on a distant object for at least 30 seconds.

Precautions

Your notebook computer is designed to provide optimum safety and ease of use, and to withstand the rigors of travel. You should observe certain precautions to further reduce the risk of personal injury or damage to the computer. ❖ Avoid prolonged physical contact with the underside of the computer. If the computer is used for long periods, its case can become very warm. While the temperature may not feel too hot to the touch, if you maintain physical contact with the computer for a long time (if you rest the computer on your lap, for example), your skin might suffer low-heat injury. ❖ Never apply heavy pressure to the computer or subject it to sharp impacts. Excessive pressure or impact can damage computer components or otherwise cause your computer to malfunction., Getting Started Setting up your computer 43 ❖ Some PC Cards can become hot with prolonged use. If two cards are installed, both can become hot even if only one is being used. Overheating of a PC Card can result in errors or instability in its operation. Be careful when you remove a PC Card that has been used for a long period. ❖ Avoid spilling liquids into the computer’s keyboard. If you do spill a liquid that gets into the keyboard, turn off the computer immediately. Leave the computer turned off overnight to let it dry out before you use it again. ❖ Never turn off the computer if a drive-in-use light indicates a drive is active. Turning off the computer while it is reading from or writing to a disk may damage the disk, the drive, or both. ❖ Keep the computer and disks away from objects that generate strong magnetic fields, such as large stereo speakers. Information on diskettes is stored magnetically. Placing a magnet too close to a diskette can erase important files. ❖ Scan all new files for viruses. This precaution is especially important for files you receive via diskette, CD-ROM or DVD discs, email, or download from the Internet. Occasionally, even new programs you buy from a supplier may contain a computer virus. You’ll need a special program to check for viruses. Ask your dealer or network administrator to help you.

Setting up your computer

Your computer contains a rechargeable high-capacity battery that needs to be charged before you can use it., 44 Getting StartedSetting up your computer To use external power or to charge the battery, you must attach the AC adapter. See “Connecting the AC adapter” on page 58.

Setting up your software

NOTE: The names of windows displayed and the order in which windows appear may vary depending on your software setup choices. The first time you turn on your computer, the Setup Wizard guides you through steps to set up your software. 1 From the welcome screen, click Next to enter the Setup Wizard. 2 Confirm acceptance of Microsoft’s End User License Agreement and click Next. 3 Enter the computer name and description and click Next or Skip. The computer will pause for a moment while checking for an internet connection. A window will display the message: “An Internet connection could not be chosen.” 4 Click Skip to exit the process or Next to continue. NOTE: To register online, your computer’s modem must be connected to a voice-grade telephone line. A window will display asking if you wish to register with Toshiba and Microsoft., Getting Started Setting up your computer 45 5 Click Yes to register, or No to exit the process. NOTE: If you click No, you may register with Toshiba by clicking the Register with Toshiba icon on the desktop. 6 Enter your personal information in the registration window. 7 Click Finish to complete the process. Your computer restarts automatically.

Registering your computer with Toshiba

Registering your computer lets Toshiba keep you up-to-date with information about new products and upgrades, and also extends your Toshiba warranty worldwide at no charge to you. You can register your computer with Toshiba by double- clicking the icon on your desktop or by mailing the registration card that may ship with your computer. NOTE: To register online, your computer’s modem must be connected to a voice-grade telephone line.

Adding external devices

NOTE: Before adding external devices, Toshiba recommends setting up your software first. See “Setting up your software” on page 44. Before starting to use your computer, you may also want to: ❖ Add more memory (see “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 46) ❖ Connect a mouse (see “Connecting a mouse” on page 53), 46 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional) ❖ Connect a full-size keyboard (see “Using an external keyboard” on page 57) ❖ Connect an external monitor (see “Using external display devices” on page 54) ❖ Connect a local printer (see “Connecting a printer” on page 53) ❖ Install PC Cards (see “Using PC Cards” on page 182)

Installing additional memory (optional)

CAUTION: Before you install or remove a memory module, turn off the computer using the Start menu. If you install or remove a memory module while the computer is in Standby or Hibernation mode, data will be lost. Your computer comes with enough memory to run most of today’s popular applications. You may want to increase the computer’s memory if you use complex software or process large amounts of data. There are two memory slots. Your system may have both slots occupied. CAUTION: If you use the computer for a long time, the memory modules will become hot. If this happens, let the modules cool to room temperature before you replace them., Getting Started Installing additional memory (optional) 47 CAUTION: Do not try to install a memory module under the following conditions. You can damage the computer and the module. 1. The computer is turned on. 2. The computer was shut down using Standby mode. 3. Power to the DVD-ROM drive has been turned on. CAUTION: Do not install or remove a memory module while the DVD-ROM drive power is on. 1 If the computer is on, turn it off. See “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 99. 2 Unplug and remove any cables connected to the computer. 3 Close the display panel and turn the computer upside down., 48 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional) Expansion memory slot cover Underside of the computer NOTE: Use a point size 0 Phillips screwdriver. 4 Locate the expansion memory slot cover and remove the screw that secures the cover. Removing the expansion memory slot cover screw, Getting Started Installing additional memory (optional) 49 5 Using your finger or a narrow object, lift off the cover. 6 Put the screw and the cover in a safe place so that you can retrieve them later. CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the memory module. Before you handle the module, touch a grounded metal surface to discharge any static electricity you may have built up. To avoid damaging the memory module, be careful not to touch its gold connector bar (on the side you insert into the computer). 7 Remove the new memory module from its antistatic packaging. 8 Holding the memory module by its edges so that the gold connector bar faces the slot, fit the module into the slot at a slight angle. 9 Gently press down on the memory module connector until the clips snap into place. Do not force the module into position. The memory module should be level when secured in place., 50 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional) Inserting the memory module CAUTION: Avoid touching the connectors on the memory module or on the computer. Grease or dust on the connectors may cause memory access problems. 10 Replace the memory slot cover. 11 Replace the screw and tighten it. 12 Turn the computer over and reconnect any cables you removed. You can now continue setting up the computer. When the operating system has loaded, you can verify that the computer has recognized the additional memory. If you are adding extra memory after setting up the computer, verify that the computer has recognized it correctly as described in “Checking total memory” on page 52., Getting Started Installing additional memory (optional) 51

Removing a memory module

CAUTION: If you use the computer for a long time, the memory modules will become hot. If this happens, let the modules cool to room temperature before you replace them. 1 Follow steps 1 through 6 in “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 46. CAUTIONS: Do not try to remove a memory module with the computer turned on. You can damage the computer and the device. Do not remove the memory module while the computer is in Standby mode. The computer could hang up the next time you turn it on and data in memory will be lost. In either of the above cases, the Standby configuration will not be saved. The following message appears when you turn on the power: Warning: Resume Failure Press Any Key To Continue If the computer hangs up when you turn it on, perform the following: Press the power button and hold it down for five seconds, then turn the power on again. 2 Push the latches to the outside to release the module. A spring will force one end of the module up., 52 Getting StartedInstalling additional memory (optional) Removing the memory module 3 Gently pull the module out. CAUTION: Avoid touching the connectors on the memory module or on the computer. Grease or dust on the connectors may cause memory access problems. 4 Complete the procedure by following steps 10 through 12 in “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 46.

Checking total memory

When you add or remove memory, you can check that the computer has recognized the change. To do this: 1 Click Start, Control Panel 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Click System. 4 The General tab view automatically appears and shows the recognized memory. 5 If the computer does not recognize the memory configuration, turn off the computer, remove the memory slot cover, and make sure the memory module is seated, Getting Started Connecting a mouse 53 properly, as described in steps 8 and 9 of “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 46.

Connecting a mouse

You may want to use a mouse instead of the TouchPad, the computer’s built-in pointing device. To connect a mouse, plug the mouse cable into one of the computer’s USB ports. You can connect it after you turn on the computer. The operating system automatically detects the mouse. The mouse and TouchPad can be used at the same time.

Connecting a printer

You can connect a USB-compatible printer to your computer through the USB ports. You can connect a USB printer after you turn on the computer. Alternatively, you can connect a parallel printer to the computer’s parallel port.

Connecting a USB printer

To achieve the connection, you need a suitable USB cable, which may come with your printer. Otherwise, you can purchase one from a computer or electronics store. NOTE: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for connecting a USB printer to your computer.

Connecting a parallel printer

To achieve the connection, you need a suitable cable, which may come with your parallel printer. Otherwise, you can purchase one from a computer or electronics store., 54 Getting StartedUsing external display devices Connect a parallel printer before you turn on the computer. NOTE: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for connecting a parallel printer to your computer.

Using external display devices

Your computer comes with a built-in LCD display, but you can easily attach an external monitor or television to your computer if you need a larger screen. Once you’ve connected an external display device, you can choose to use the internal display only, the external device only, or both simultaneously. Connecting an external monitor is described below. For details of connecting other external video devices and setting display options, see “Exploring video features” on page 177. For information on attaching a television to your computer, see “Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television” on page 177.

Connecting an external monitor

You must attach the monitor before you turn on the computer. 1 Connect the monitor’s video cable to the RGB (monitor) port. 2 Connect the monitor’s power cable to a live electrical outlet. 3 Turn on the external monitor. 4 Turn on the computer. 5 Set the display mode by pressing Fn + F5, or by setting the Display Properties settings., Getting Started Using external display devices 55

Directing the display output when you turn on the computer

Once you’ve connected an external display device, you can choose to use the internal display only, the external device only, or both simultaneously. The quickest way to change the display output settings is to use the display hot key (Fn + F5). 1 While holding down Fn, press F5 repeatedly until the setting you want takes effect. This hot key cycles through the display output settings in the following order: ❖ Built-in display panel only ❖ Built-in display panel and external monitor simultaneously ❖ External monitor only ❖ Built-in display panel and external video device simultaneously ❖ Other external video device only 2 Release the Fn key. TECHNICAL NOTE: You can also change these settings using the Display Properties box in the Control Panel.

Adjusting the quality of the external display

To obtain the best picture quality from your external display device, you may need to adjust the video settings. See the, 56 Getting StartedUsing external display devices documentation supplied with the device for additional configuration steps. TECHNICAL NOTE: In order to use the simultaneous mode, you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to match the resolution of the external display device. The external display device must support a resolution of 640 X 480 or higher.

Display limitations

Keep in mind that the quality of the display will be limited to the capabilities of the external video device. ❖ If the external video device, such as an SVGA monitor, is capable of displaying at a maximum resolution of 640 x 480 and your system is set for a higher resolution, only part of the desktop will appear on the screen. You can view the “lost” area by scrolling to it. ❖ If you use the display hot key (Fn + F5) to change the display output with the LCD Display Stretch option enabled and the Display area (resolution) set to 640 x 480 or 800 x 600, the image on the internal display panel may appear stretched. NOTE: The Windows® XP operating system by default does not display resolutions below 800 x 600. To display the 640 x 480 resolution, you may need to click the Settings tab in the Display Properties window, click Advanced, click the Adapter tab, click List all modes., Getting Started Connecting an external diskette drive 57

Connecting an external diskette drive

Although your computer has an internal diskette drive, you can attach an external USB diskette drive to use diskettes with your computer. These drives hold 3.5-inch diskettes. Sample external USB diskette drive To connect an external USB diskette drive, connect the drive’s cable to one of the computer’s USB ports. For more information about diskettes, see “Using diskettes” on page 83.

Using an external keyboard

If you prefer to use a full-size keyboard, you can attach one to your computer provided that the keyboard is USB- compatible. To connect a keyboard, attach its cable to one of the computer’s USB ports. You can do this after you turn on the computer. NOTE: The Fn emulation key is not supported when using a USB keyboard., 58 Getting StartedConnecting the AC adapter

Connecting the AC adapter

The AC adapter enables you to power the computer from an AC outlet and to charge the computer’s batteries. The AC power light on the computer glows when the device is plugged in. Power cable AC adapter Power cable and AC adapter To connect AC power to the computer: 1 Connect the power cable to the AC adapter. Connecting the power cable to the AC adapter 2 Plug the AC adapter into the DC-IN on the back of the computer., Getting Started Connecting the AC adapter 59 Connecting the AC adapter to the computer 3 Connect the power cable to a live electrical outlet. The AC power and battery lights on your computer will glow. DANGER: Damaged power cables can cause fire or electric shock. Never modify, forcibly bend, place heavy objects on top of, or apply heat to the power cable. If the power cable becomes damaged or the plug overheats, dis- continue use. There is a risk of electric shock. Never remove the power plug from the outlet with wet hands. Doing so may cause an electric shock. CAUTION: Using the wrong AC adapter could damage your computer. Toshiba assumes no liability for any damage in such cases. Never pull directly on the power cable to unplug it. Hold the power plug when removing the cable from the outlet., 60 Getting StartedCharging the battery

Charging the battery

Before you can use the battery to power the computer, you must charge it. Connect the computer to a live power outlet using the AC adapter and power cable. The AC power light glows green and the battery light glows amber to show that it is charging. Once the computer is connected to a power outlet, you can charge the battery with the computer turned off or on. It takes several hours to charge the battery when the computer is off. It takes much longer to charge the battery when the computer is on. The less power the computer is consuming, the faster the battery will charge. For more information on battery use, see “Running the computer on battery power” on page 117. CAUTION: Once the battery is charged for the first time, avoid leaving the computer plugged in and turned off for more than a few hours at a time. Continuing to charge a fully charged battery can damage the battery.

Using the computer for the first time Opening the display panel

Slide the display latch to the right and lift the display panel., Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 61 Lift Slide Opening the display panel CAUTION: To avoid damaging the display panel, don’t force it beyond the point where it moves easily. Never lift or move the computer using the display panel.

Turning on the power

1 Check that all the drives are empty. On 2 Turn on the computer by pressing the power button, located above the keyboard, until the on/off light changes to green., 62 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time Pressing the power button NOTE: When you turn on the computer for the first time, don’t turn off the power again until the operating system has loaded completely. The AC power light on your computer will glow when the computer is connected to an external power source. The battery light: ❖ Glows amber while the battery is being charged. ❖ Glows green when the battery is fully charged. ❖ Is unlit when the computer is not connected to an external power source. For information on determining battery power, see “Monitoring battery power” on page 122. The hard disk drive light flashes to indicate that the hard disk drive is currently in use. CAUTION: Never turn off the computer while any drive is in use., Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 63

Activating the power-on password

When you first turn on your computer, no password is required. But you can set up your computer so that a password is required to complete the powering up process in the future. To activate the power-on password: 1 Press the TOSHIBA Console button. The TOSHIBA Console window appears. For more information see “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192. 2 Click Security. 3 Click User password. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions. The password requirement becomes active the next time you turn on your computer. When the feature is active, you must enter the password during the power-on process. After typing your password, press the Enter key. If the password is correct, the power-on process continues. If the password is incorrect, you will be prompted to try again. NOTE: If you forget your power-on password and therefore can’t turn on your computer, take your computer to a Toshiba authorized service center for help. After the third incorrect password submission, the system automatically shuts down., 64 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time

Important information on your computer’s built-in LCD

sensor Your computer has a built-in LCD (liquid crystal display) sensor located near the left-hand corner of the palm rest. When the computer is on, the LCD sensor detects when the display panel is closed. Built-in LCD sensor Your computer’s Power Saver default setting when the display panel is closed is Hibernation mode. When you close the display panel with that setting, the built-in LCD sensor causes your computer to go into Hibernation mode. (See “Using Hibernation” on page 105.) Please do not place a magnetic object in the area of the left- hand corner of the palm rest. A magnetic object placed there causes the LCD sensor to erroneously activate. If your computer is set to enter Hibernation mode when the display panel is closed, the presence of a magnetic object in the area of the left-hand corner of the palm rest can cause, Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 65 your computer to go into Hibernation mode even if your display panel is open. NOTE: To start the computer again from Hibernation mode, move the magnetic object away from the computer, then see “Starting again from Hibernation” on page 111. If your computer is set for “no action” when the display panel is closed, a magnetic object in the area of the front-left corner of the computer can cause the display panel screen to go blank. Moving the magnetic object away reactivates the screen.

Using the TouchPad

The TouchPad, the small, smooth square cutout located in front of the keyboard, is sensitive to touch and enables you to move the cursor with the stroke of a finger. Simply move your finger on the TouchPad in the direction you’d like to move the cursor: ❖ To move the cursor to the top of the page, slide your finger forward on the TouchPad. ❖ To move the cursor to the bottom of the page, slide your finger toward yourself. ❖ To move the cursor to the right side of the page, slide your finger across the TouchPad from left to right. ❖ To move it to the left side, slide your finger from right to left. NOTE: Because the TouchPad is much smaller than the display screen, moving your cursor across the screen often means having to move your finger several times across the TouchPad in the preferred direction., 66 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time Once you’ve positioned your cursor, you can select an object on the display screen by double-tapping the TouchPad or clicking the control buttons. For more on the TouchPad, see “Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together” on page 135. You can disable or enable the TouchPad. See “Disabling or enabling the TouchPad” on page 66.

Primary and secondary control buttons

The control buttons are below the TouchPad and are used like the buttons on a mouse. The primary control button is the button on the left and corresponds to the left mouse button. To double-click, press the primary button twice in rapid succession. The secondary control button is the button on the right and corresponds to the right mouse button. Check your program’s documentation to find whether it uses the secondary mouse button. For more on the primary and secondary control buttons, see “Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together” on page 135.

Disabling or enabling the TouchPad

The TouchPad is enabled by default. To change the enable/ disable TouchPad setting: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Printers and Other Hardware. 3 Click the Mouse icon. 4 Click the TouchPAD ON/OFF tab. The TouchPAD ON/OFF tab view window appears., Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 67 Sample Mouse Properties window 5 Select Disable or Enable, whichever is appropriate. 6 Click Apply. 7 Click OK. The Mouse Properties window closes. 8 Close the Printers and Other Hardware window. 9 Close the Control Panel window. You can also use a hot key to disable or enable the TouchPad. See “Disabling or enabling the TouchPad” on page 238., 68 Getting StartedUsing the computer for the first time

Setting up a printer

NOTE: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for connecting a printer to your computer. If your printer has not been detected automatically when connected to the computer, you must install the printer driver for the model of printer that is connected to your computer. You install the printer driver either by following the instructions indicated in your printer guide, or by using the operating system’s Add Printer Wizard. If you plan to set up a printer later, close or cancel the Add Printer Wizard.

Using the Add Printer Wizard

The Add Printer Wizard may be needed by older printers or printers shared on a network. To set up a printer with the Add Printer Wizard: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel appears., Getting Started Using the computer for the first time 69 Sample Control Panel 2 Click Printers and Other Hardware. 3 Click the Printers and Faxes icon. The Printers and Faxes window appears. Sample Printers and Faxes window, 70 Getting StartedSetting up the fax function 4 Click Add a printer. The Add Printer Wizard window appears. Sample Add Printer Wizard 5 Follow the on-screen instructions. HINT: If you are using more than one printer, make sure the name is descriptive enough to help you tell the difference.

Setting up the fax function

To set up the fax capability: 1 Click Start, Printers and Faxes. The Printers and Faxes window appears., Getting Started Setting up the fax function 71 2 Click the Set up faxing option. 3 Follow the on-screen instructions. The fax function default setting is enabled. If it is disabled, enable the fax function by doing the following: 1 Click Start, Printers and Faxes. 2 Right-click the fax icon. 3 Click Properties from the drop-down menu. 4 Click the Devices tab. 5 Click Properties. 6 Click the Receive tab. 7 Click Enable device to receive. To disable the auto-receive function, repeat steps 1-4. But, under the device name, right-click Toshiba Soft Modem AMR, select Receive and then select Disable., 72 Getting StartedPowering off the computer

Powering off the computer

It’s a good idea to power off your computer when you are not using it for a while. If you are using the computer for the first time, leave the computer plugged into a power source (even though the computer is off) to fully charge the main battery. When the main battery light glows green, the battery is fully charged. Guidelines for powering off the computer: ❖ If you have work in progress and if you are not connected to a network, use the Hibernate command to save your system settings to the hard disk so that, when you turn on the computer again, you automatically return to where you left off. ❖ To leave the computer off for a longer period, power down the computer. The Windows® XP operating system uses the Shut down command to power down the computer if you are connected to a Windows® network server (domain server) or the Turn Off command if you are not. ❖ When the hard disk drive light on the system indicator panel is on, don’t turn off the power. Doing so may damage your hard disk. For more information, see “Powering down the computer” on page 99.

Caring for your computer

This section gives tips on cleaning and moving your computer, and explains how to fit an antitheft lock. For information about taking care of your computer’s battery, see “Running the computer on battery power” on page 117., Getting Started Caring for your computer 73

Cleaning the computer

To keep your computer clean, gently wipe the display panel and exterior case with a lightly dampened cloth. Ask your Toshiba dealer or network administrator for suggestions for appropriate cleaning products. CAUTION: Keep liquid, including cleaning fluid, out of the computer’s keyboard, speaker grille, and other openings. Never spray cleaner directly onto the computer. Never use harsh or caustic chemical products to clean the computer.

Moving the computer

Before moving your computer, even across the room, make sure all disk activity has ended (the drive-in-use lights stop flashing) and all external peripheral cables are disconnected. CAUTION: Never pick up the computer by its display panel or by the back (where the ports are located). Although your notebook computer is built to withstand reasonable shock and vibration, transport it in a carrying case for long trips. You can purchase a carrying case from your Toshiba dealer or through Toshiba’s Web site at toshiba.com.

Using a computer lock

You may want to secure your computer to a heavy object such as your desk. The easiest way to do this is to purchase an optional PORT-Noteworthy computer lock cable., 74 Getting StartedCaring for your computer PORT-Noteworthy computer lock cable To secure the computer: 1 Loop the cable through or around some part of a heavy object. Make sure there is no way for a potential thief to slip the cable off the object. 2 Pass the locking end through the loop. 3 Insert the cable’s locking end into the security lock slot located on the right side of the computer, then rotate the key a quarter turn and remove it. The computer is now securely locked to deter computer theft. Sample locking the computer,

Chapter 3 Learning the Basics

This chapter lists some computing tips and provides important information about basic features.

Computing tips

❖ Save your work frequently. Your work stays in the computer’s temporary memory until you save it to the disk. You will lose all unsaved work, if, for example, a system error occurs and you must restart your computer, or your battery runs out of charge while you are working. Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low. See “Setting battery alarms” on page 125. HINT: Some programs have an automatic save feature that you can turn on. This feature saves your file to the hard disk at preset intervals. See your software documentation for details., 76 Learning the BasicsUsing the keyboard ❖ Back up your files to diskettes (or other removable storage media) on a regular basis. Label the backup copies clearly and store them in a safe place. If your hard disk suddenly fails, you may lose all the data on it unless you have a separate backup copy. ❖ Use Disk Defragmenter to conserve disk space and help your computer perform at its optimal level. ❖ Before turning off the computer, always use the Turn Off or Shut down command (unless you want to use Standby or Hibernation mode as described in “Powering down the computer” on page 99). CAUTION: The operating system records information, such as your desktop setup, during its turn-off procedure. If you don’t let it turn off normally, details such as new icon positions may be lost.

Using the keyboard

Function keys Windows® keys Home78PgUp 9 ∗ 456- End12PgDn 3 + Ins 0 Del / Alt (Alternate) key Character keys Fn key Ctrl (Control) key Parts of the keyboard, Learning the Basics Using the keyboard 77

Character keys

Typing with the character keys is very much like typing on a typewriter, except that: ❖ The spacebar creates a space character instead of just passing over an area of the page. ❖ The lowercase l (el) and the number 1 are not interchangeable. ❖ The uppercase letter O and the number 0 are not interchangeable. ❖ The Caps Lock key changes only the alphabet keys to upper case — the number and symbol keys are not affected.

Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys

Ctrl Fn Alt . Ctrl, Fn and Alt keys The Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys do different things depending on the program you are using. For more information, see your program documentation.

Function keys

The function keys (not to be confused with the Fn key) are the 12 keys at the top of the keyboard. Function keys F1 through F12 are called function keys because they run programmed functions when you press them. Used in combination with the Fn key, function keys marked with icons run specific functions on the computer., 78 Learning the BasicsUsing the keyboard

Windows® special keys

Application key Windows® logo key Windows® special keys The keyboard provides two keys that have special functions in the operating system: ❖ The Windows® logo key opens the Start menu. ❖ The Application key has the same function as the secondary (or right mouse) control button.

Overlay keys

& ∗ ( ) 7890Home78PgUp 9 ∗ UIOP456- JKL: ; End12PgDn 3 + M > ? . / Ins 0 Del . / Sample keyboard overlay keys The keys with numbers and symbols on the front of them form the numeric and cursor overlay. This overlay lets you enter numeric data or control the cursor as you would using the ten-key keypad on a desktop computer’s keyboard., Learning the Basics Using the keyboard 79

Using the numeric keypad overlay

To turn on the numeric keypad overlay, press Fn and F11 simultaneously. The numeric mode keyboard indicator light glows when the numeric overlay is on. You can still use the overlay keys to type alphabetic characters while the numeric overlay is on. To do so: ❖ For lowercase letters, hold down Fn while you type the letters. ❖ For uppercase letters, hold down both Fn and Shift while you type the letters. To use the cursor control overlay when the numeric overlay is on, press and hold down Shift while you use the cursor control keys. To return to the numeric overlay, release Shift. To turn off the numeric keypad overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F11 again. The numeric mode light goes out.

Using the cursor control overlay

To turn on the cursor control overlay, press Fn and F10 simultaneously. The cursor control mode keyboard indicator light glows when the cursor control overlay is on. To type alphabetic characters while the overlay is on: ❖ For lowercase letters, hold down Fn while you type the letters. ❖ For uppercase letters, hold down both Fn and Shift while you type the letters. To use the numeric keypad overlay when the cursor control overlay is on, hold down Shift while you use the numeric overlay keys. To return to the cursor control overlay, release Shift. To turn off the cursor control overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F10 again. The cursor control mode light goes out., 80 Learning the BasicsEmulating a full-size keyboard

Emulating a full-size keyboard

Although the computer’s keyboard layout is compatible with a standard full-size keyboard, it has fewer keys. Pressing the Fn key simultaneously in combination with one of the specially marked keys allows you to emulate a full-size keyboard. For further information and instructions, see “Assigning a key to a program or document” on page 189. NOTE: The Fn emulation key is not supported when using a USB keyboard.

TOSHIBA Console button

The TOSHIBA Console button provides quick access to some common functions. When the default setting is active, the TOSHIBA Console button brings up the TOSHIBA Console. Sample TOSHIBA Console window, Learning the Basics Starting a program 81 For information on how to program the button, see “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192.

Starting a program

The easiest way to start a program is to click the name of the file that contains the information you want to work on. To find the file, use My Computer or Windows® Explorer. If you prefer to open the program first, you have four options: ❖ Double-click the icon for the program on your desktop ❖ Use the Start menu ❖ Use Windows® Explorer or My Computer to locate the program file ❖ Use the Run window The tutorial chapter for the Windows® XP operating system gives step-by-step instructions for starting a program from the Start menu. See “Lesson 6: Starting programs” on page 143.

Saving your work

Before you turn off the computer, save your work to the hard disk drive or a diskette. This is one of the most important rules of computing. NOTE: Save your data even when you are using the Standby command, in case the battery discharges before you return to work. Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low, see “Setting battery alarms” on page 125. Many programs offer a feature that saves documents at regular intervals, such as every 15 minutes. Check your programs’ documentation to see whether they have an automatic save feature., 82 Learning the BasicsPrinting your work To save: ❖ A file you are updating, open the program’s File menu and click Save. ❖ A new file, choose Save As from the File menu, type a name for the file, and click OK. HINT: To make another copy of the file you are currently working with, choose Save As from the File menu and give the new file a different name.

Printing your work

Verify that the operating system is set up for your printer as described in “Setting up a printer” on page 68. TECHNICAL NOTE: You only need to set up the printer the first time you connect it. If you use more than one printer or are changing printers, you will need to set up the operating system to run with the additional printer(s). To print a file: 1 If your printer is not on, turn it on now. 2 In the File menu of your Windows® program, click Print. The program displays a Print window., Learning the Basics Using diskettes 83 Sample Print window 3 Click OK or Print to print.

Using diskettes

The 3.5-inch internal or external diskette drive lets you use high-density (1.44 MB) diskettes for data transfer and storage. Diskette drive LED Eject button Sample diskette drive The diskette drive LED flashes while the drive is being accessed., 84 Learning the BasicsUsing diskettes

Inserting and removing diskettes

1 Hold the diskette so that the arrow on its upper surface points toward the drive. 2 Push the diskette gently into the drive slot. When the diskette is in place, the eject button pops out. To release a diskette from the drive, push the eject button. CAUTION: Never press the eject button or turn off the computer while the diskette drive LED is flashing. Doing so could destroy data and damage the diskette or the drive. To access your diskette contents: 1 Click Start, then click My Computer. 2 Double-click the 3 1/2 Floppy (A:) drive. The diskette contents appear.

Caring for diskettes

❖ Store your diskettes properly to protect them and keep them clean. ❖ If a diskette is dirty, clean it with a soft cloth moistened in water. Do not use cleaning fluids. ❖ Never slide back the protective metal cover. ❖ Never touch the magnetic surface of a diskette. Fingerprints can prevent the drive from reading the data stored on a diskette. ❖ Never twist or bend a diskette. ❖ Keep diskettes at room temperature and avoid exposing them to direct sunlight. Otherwise data may be lost. ❖ Never place heavy objects on your diskettes., Learning the Basics Backing up your files 85 ❖ Never eat, smoke, or use erasers near your diskettes. Foreign particles can damage the diskette’s surface. ❖ Keep your diskettes away from sources of magnetism, such as speakers and radios, since these can destroy data.

Backing up your files

Backing up your files means copying individual files to a diskette or copying entire sections of your hard disk to another device, such as a tape drive, or to your network partition.

Copying to a diskette

1 Insert a diskette into the diskette drive. 2 Click Start. The Start menu appears. 3 Click My Computer. The My Computer window appears. 4 Double-click the drive that contains the file you want to copy. 5 Double-click the folder that contains the file, then click the file you want to copy. HINT: You can use the Ctrl or Shift keys to select more than one file. 6 Click File, then click Send To., 86 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD 7 Click the icon for the diskette drive (3 1/2 floppy [A:]). HINT: You can also back up a file to a diskette by clicking the file (or files) you want to backup with the secondary button, then pointing to Send To and clicking 3 1/2 Floppy (A:).

Playing a CD or DVD

Your computer may have a DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD- RW drive that can read both DVD-ROM and CD-ROM discs. Digital versatile discs (DVDs) provide a significant increase in data storage and support features that are not available on any other video platform. These features include wide-screen movies, multiple language tracks, digital surround sound, multiple camera angles, and interactive menus. The computer can play high-resolution video at up to 30 frames per second. NOTE: For optimum DVD performance, it is recommended that you play DVDs while running on AC power rather than battery power. You use CD-ROMs to load and run software, and to access reference material such as catalogs, as well as listen to music. A special feature allows you to play audio CDs even when the computer is turned off. For more information, see “CD/DVD control buttons” on page 88. If your computer has a DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunction drive, you can also write files (including music) to a CD- Recordable (CD-R) or CD-ReWritable (CD-RW) disc., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 87

Drive components and control buttons

The CD/DVD control buttons are located at the front edge of the computer and can be accessed when the display panel is closed or open.

Components

DVD-ROM or Manual DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive Eject button eject button Sample DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive Use the eject button to open the disc tray. This button requires power to operate. CAUTION: Never press the eject button or turn off the computer while the disk/disc activity light is flashing. Doing so could damage the disc or the drive., 88 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD The manual eject button allows you to manually open the disc tray when power to the computer and the drive is off. CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it. Instead, use a slim object such as a straightened paper clip. HINT: When the computer is off and the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/ CD-RW drive is on, press the stop/eject control button to eject a disc.

CD/DVD control buttons

The control buttons on the front edge of the computer enable you to play audio CDs when the computer is off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs when the computer is on. CD/ DVD Digit al audio mode Play/Pause Next track mode Previous track Stop/Eject CD/DVD control buttons The CD/DVD mode button allows you to play CDs or DVDs in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. The Digital audio mode button allows you to play digital audio files. The previous track button returns to the preceding track on the disc. The play/pause button starts playing the disc or makes it pause if currently playing. The stop/eject button stops a disc that is currently playing., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 89 The next track button skips to the following track on the disc. You can eject a disc by pressing the stop/eject button twice. Use this method to eject a disc when the computer is turned off and the sound subsystem is turned on. NOTE: If you have set a password for logging onto your system, your computer will start up and you will need to log on before being able to play a CD or DVD.

CD/DVD and Digital audio modes

The following chart describes CD/DVD mode and Digital audio mode. CD /DVD mode Digital audio mode Power is off If an audio CD is in the The operating system and you drive, the system enters starts, the Toshiba Media press Play/ CD player mode and oper- Player starts and the Pause ates as a stand-alone CD digital audio files begin to player. play. If a DVD is in the drive, the operating system starts and the DVD player starts. Power is on, If an audio CD is in the Toshiba Media Player operating drive, the Toshiba Media starts and the digital audio system is Player starts and the audio files begin to play. running files begin to play. and you press Play/ If a DVD is in the drive, Pause WinDVD TM starts and the DVD begins to play., 90 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD CAUTION: Do not install or remove a memory module while the DVD-ROM drive power is on.

Inserting a disc

WARNING: Before playing an audio CD or a DVD, turn the volume down. Playing the disc at maximum volume could damage your ears. To turn the volume down, use the volume control dial or access the Volume Control program (click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, Volume Control). 1 If the computer is turned on, press the eject button on the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. Eject button The disc tray partially opens. CAUTION: To avoid damaging a disc or losing data, check that the disk/disc activity light is off before opening the disc tray. 2 Grasp the disc tray and pull it fully open., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 91 3 Hold the disc by its edges and check that it is clean and free of dust. CAUTION: Handle discs carefully. Avoid touching the surface of the disc. Grasp it by its center hole and edge. If you handle the disc incorrectly, you could lose data. 4 Carefully place the disc in the empty tray with its label facing up. Inserting a disc CAUTION: Be careful not to touch the drive’s lens (located underneath the drive’s spindle) or the area around it. Doing so could cause the drive to malfunction., 92 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD 5 Gently press the center of the disc onto the spindle until it locks into place. Spindle Disc Correct position Incorrect position Incorrect position Positioning the disc on the spindle CAUTION: Make sure the disc is properly positioned on the spindle. If you position the disc incorrectly, it can jam the disc tray. 6 Close the disc tray by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks, indicating that it is locked.

Playing an audio CD

Insert an audio CD and close the disc tray., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 93 The computer automatically detects a disc in the drive and opens the Audio CD window. To play an audio CD select the Play Audio CD using Windows Media Player option and click OK. Sample Audio CD window The Windows Media Player window appears., 94 Learning the BasicsPlaying a CD or DVD Rewind Fast forward Play Volume Stop control Previous track Next track Mute Sample Windows MediaTM Player screen

Viewing the contents of a CD or DVD

CDs and DVDs contain files just like diskettes and the hard disk. CDs are often used to install software or store files that require a lot of space, such as photographs and large presentation files. You can use Explorer or My Computer to view the contents of any CD or DVD., Learning the Basics Playing a CD or DVD 95

Removing a disc with the computer on

CAUTION: Never press the eject button while the computer is accessing the drive. Wait for the disk/disc activity light on the system indicator panel to turn off before opening the disc tray. 1 Locate and press the eject button. The disc tray partially opens. 2 Grasp the sides of the disc tray and pull it fully open. 3 Remove the disc from the disc tray and place it in its protective cover. CAUTION: If the disc is spinning when you open the disc tray, wait for the disc to stop before removing it. 4 Close the disc tray by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks indicating that it is locked.

Removing a disc with the computer off

1 Insert a slender object, such as a straightened paper clip, into the manual eject button access hole. CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it. 2 Pull the tray fully open, remove the disc and place it in its protective cover. 3 Close the disc tray by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks indicating that it is locked., 96 Learning the BasicsUsing the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW multifunction drive

Caring for CDs and DVDs

❖ Store your discs in their original containers to protect them from scratches and keep them clean. ❖ Never bend a disc or place heavy objects on top of it. ❖ Hold a disc by its outside edge. Fingerprints on the surface of a disc can prevent the drive from reading the data properly. ❖ Avoid exposing discs to direct sunlight or extreme heat or cold. ❖ To clean a disc, wipe it from the center outwards (not in a circle) with a clean, dry cloth. If necessary, moisten the cloth with water or a neutral cleaner (not benzine or rubbing alcohol). Let the disc dry completely before inserting it in the drive.

Using the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW

multifunction drive Your computer may come with a DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/ CD-RW multifunction drive that allows you to: ❖ Play prerecorded DVDs (DVD-ROM, DVD-ROM/CD-RW drives) ❖ Play prerecorded CDs ❖ Read and write files (including music) to a CD- Recordable (CD-R) or CD-ReWritable (CD-RW) disc. CAUTION: Check the disk/disc activity light when you use the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. Do not press the eject button, disconnect a drive or turn off the computer while the light is flashing. Doing so could damage the CD, DVD or drive., Learning the Basics Setting up for communications 97

Setting up for communications

To communicate across the telephone lines with another computer, you need: ❖ The computer’s modem ❖ A telephone line ❖ A communications program To connect to the Internet, you need a Web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer. TECHNICAL NOTE: Disable Call Waiting before you connect through the modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.

Connecting the modem

Your computer comes with a built-in modem and a built-in Ethernet LAN adapter. To use the modem, you must connect it to a standard voice-grade RJ11 telephone line. NOTE: Due to FCC limitations, speeds of 53 kbps are the maximum permissible rates during downloads. Actual data transmission speeds will vary depending on line conditions. 1 Attach one end of a standard RJ11 telephone cable to the modem port on the back of the computer., 98 Learning the BasicsSetting up for communications Connecting to the modem port 2 Plug the other end of the RJ11 telephone cable into the modular jack of a standard voice-grade telephone line.

Connecting your computer to a network

You can connect your computer to a network locally or remotely. ❖ Locally, using the built-in Ethernet LAN adapter by connecting it to a standard RJ45 LAN line. ❖ Remotely, using the built-in modem and a dial-up connection. To set up the network connection, use the Network Setup Wizard: 1 Click Start and point to All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, then to Communications, and click Network Setup Wizard. 3 Follow the on-screen instructions. The computer connects with the network., Learning the Basics Powering down the computer 99

Powering down the computer

When you power down the computer, you have a number of options to choose from: ❖ Turn Off or Shut down, which power off the computer ❖ Hibernation, which saves the current operating state to the hard disk and powers off the computer ❖ Standby, which saves the current operating state to memory and enters a low power mode ❖ Restart, which restarts the computer Each option has its advantages. TECHNICAL NOTE: Before using any of these options to power down your computer, save your files and make sure the disk activity lights are off. If you change your mind and decide to continue working after all, wait a few seconds before turning the computer on again.

Turn Off or Shut down command

The Turn Off or Shut down commands power off the computer. The Windows® XP Home operating system uses the Turn Off command. The Windows® XP Professional operating system uses the Turn Off command if you are not connected to a Windows® domain server. The Windows® XP Professional operating system uses the Shut down command if you are a member of a domain. Factors to consider when choosing Turn Off or Shut down: ❖ No power is used while the computer is turned off. This is the most efficient mode if you will be away from your computer for an extended time. ❖ Restarting from Turn Off or Shut down uses the most time and battery power., 100 Learning the BasicsPowering down the computer ❖ When starting up again, the system does not automatically open the programs and files you were previously using.

Restart command

Restart is the same as Turn Off or Shut down but automatically powers up the computer. Use it when you need to reload the operating system, for example to activate changes to system settings.

Hibernation command

The Hibernation command powers off the computer, but it first saves the current state of the computer to the hard disk. Since Hibernation does not require power to maintain the saved information, the system settings are retained indefinitely. Restoring information from the hard disk takes longer than restoring it from memory. When you restart the computer, the computer runs a self-test, loads the operating system, and then returns to the state in which you left it. Factors to consider when choosing Hibernation: ❖ While in Hibernation mode, the computer uses no battery power. ❖ Because the state of the system is held on the hard disk, no data is lost if the battery discharges while the computer is in Hibernation mode. ❖ When starting up again, this choice uses less time and battery power than the Turn Off or Shut down option. But it uses a little more time and battery power to start up than the Standby mode, because information is being retrieved from the hard disk instead of from memory. ❖ On restarting, the computer returns to the state in which you left it, and opens all the programs and files you were using., Learning the Basics Using Turn Off or Shut down 101

Standby command

The Standby command puts the computer into a power- saving mode. Standby stores the current state of the computer in memory so that, when you restart the computer, you can continue working from where you left off. Factors to consider when choosing Standby: ❖ While in Standby mode, the computer uses some battery power. If your computer is left in Standby mode for an extended period, your computer could lose data. ❖ When starting up again, this choice uses less time and battery power than either Turn Off, Shut down or Hibernation. ❖ On restarting, the computer returns to the state in which you left it, and opens all the programs and files you were using. NOTE: If you power down using the Standby command and the battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be sure to save your work often.

Using Turn Off or Shut down

If you are using the Windows® XP Home operating system, or are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are not a member of a domain, power off the computer as follows: 1 Click Start, Turn off computer. The Turn off computer window appears., 102 Learning the BasicsUsing Turn Off or Shut down Sample Turn off computer window 2 Click Turn Off. The computer turns itself off. If you are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are a member of a domain, power off the computer as follows: 1 Click the Start button, then Shut down. The Shut Down window appears. Sample Shut down computer window 2 Select Shut down from the drop-down list. 3 Click OK. The computer turns itself off., Learning the Basics Using Turn Off or Shut down 103

Turning off or shutting down more quickly

In addition to the method described above, you can turn off or shut down the computer by pressing the power button. To do so, you must preset the mode. 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. You can also access the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window by using the TOSHIBA Console button. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192 or “Power Management” on page 194. Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, 104 Learning the BasicsUsing Turn Off or Shut down 4 Select the listed power option you desire—for example, Normal in the “Running on batteries” section. 5 Click Details in the same section as the power option you selected. If you selected Normal, you would click Details in the “Running on batteries” section. The properties window for the option you selected appears. If you selected the Normal option, the Normal Properties window appears. Sample Normal Power Properties window 6 Click the System Power Mode tab. 7 Select Power Off for the options you want. ❖ When I press the power button Set this option to Power Off if you want the computer to turn off when you press the power button., Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 105 ❖ When I close the lid Set this option to Power Off if you want the computer to turn off when you close the display panel. 8 Click Override all Modes with settings here. The Set the range window appears. Sample Set the range window with DC only option 9 Do one of the following: ❖ Click DC only if you want the settings to apply only when you are using battery power. ❖ Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using battery power or outlet power. 10 Click OK to close the Normal Power Properties window. 11 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Starting again after Turn Off or Shut down

To start the computer up again, press and release the power button; the on/off light changes to green.

Using Hibernation

When Hibernation is enabled, you can put the computer into Hibernation in more than one way., 106 Learning the BasicsUsing Hibernation

Enabling the Hibernation command

Hibernation enabled is a default setting. If it should become disabled, you can enable it as follows: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. You can also access the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window by using the TOSHIBA Console button. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192 or “Power Management” on page 194. Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 107 4 Click the Hibernate tab, then click the Enable hibernate support check box. 5 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Going into Hibernation mode

If you are using the Windows® XP Home operating system, or are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are not a member of a domain, power off the computer using the Hibernation command as follows: 1 Click Start, Turn off computer. The Turn off computer window appears. Sample Turn off computer window with shift key held down to show Hibernate option 2 Hold down the shift key and click Hibernate (“Hibernate” only appears when the shift key is pressed). The computer saves the state of the system, including all open programs and files, to the hard disk. Then the computer turns itself off. If you are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are a member of a domain, power off the computer using Hibernation as follows: 1 Click Start, Shut Down. The Shut Down window appears., 108 Learning the BasicsUsing Hibernation Sample Hibernate computer window 2 Select Hibernate from the drop-down list of options. 3 Click OK. The computer saves the state of the system, including all open programs and files, to the hard disk. Then the computer turns itself off.

Going into Hibernation mode more quickly

You can also put the computer into Hibernation mode in three ways: ❖ By pressing the power button ❖ By closing the display panel ❖ By pressing the hotkey combination Fn + F4 To put the computer into Hibernation mode by pressing the power button and/or closing the display, you must preset the mode: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance., Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 109 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. You can also access the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window by using the TOSHIBA Console button. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192 or “Power Management” on page 194. Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window 4 In the Running on batteries area, click the Details button. 5 Click the System Power Mode tab., 110 Learning the BasicsUsing Hibernation Sample Normal Power Properties window 6 Select Hibernation for the options you want. ❖ When I press the power button Set this option to Hibernation so that the computer will go into Hibernation mode when you press the power button. ❖ When I close the lid Set this option to Hibernation so that the computer will go into Hibernation mode when you close the display panel., Learning the Basics Using Hibernation 111 7 Click Override all Modes with settings here. The Set the range window appears. Sample Set the range window with DC only option 8 Do one of the following: ❖ Click DC only if you want the settings to apply only when you are using battery power. ❖ Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using battery power or outlet power. 9 Click OK to close the Normal Power Properties window. 10 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Starting again from Hibernation

To start the computer from Hibernation mode, press and release the power button until the on/off light changes to green. The computer returns to the screen you were using. If you went into Hibernation mode by closing the display panel, you can start the computer again by opening the display panel., 112 Learning the BasicsUsing Standby

Using Standby

If you are using the Windows® XP Home operating system, or are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are not a member of a domain, power off the computer using the Standby command as follows: 1 Click Start, Turn off computer. The Turn off computer window appears. Sample Turn off computer window 2 Click Stand By. The computer saves the state of all open programs and files to memory, turns off the display, and goes into a low-power mode. The on/off light ( ) blinks amber indicating the machine is in Standby mode. If you are using the Windows® XP Pro operating system and are a member of a domain, power off the computer using the Standby command as follows: 1 Click Start, then Shut down. The Shut Down window appears., Learning the Basics Using Standby 113 Sample Stand by computer window 2 Select Stand by from the drop-down list of options. 3 Click OK. The computer saves the state of all open programs and files to memory, turns off the display, and goes into a low-power mode. The on/off light blinks amber to indicate the machine is in Standby mode. NOTE: If you power down using the Standby command and the battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be sure to save your work often.

Going into Standby mode more quickly

You can also put the computer into Standby mode in three ways: ❖ By pressing the hot key combination Fn + F3 ❖ By pressing the power button ❖ By closing the display panel To put the computer into Standby mode when you press the power button or close the display panel, you must preset the mode: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears, 114 Learning the BasicsUsing Standby 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. You can also access the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window by using the TOSHIBA Console button. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192 or “Power Management” on page 194. Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window 4 Click Details in the Running on batteries section. The Normal Power Properties window appears. 5 Click the System Power Mode tab., Learning the Basics Using Standby 115 Sample Normal Power Properties window 6 Select Standby for the options you want. ❖ When I press the power button Set this option to Standby so that the computer will go into Standby mode when you press the power button. ❖ When I close the lid Set this option to Standby so that the computer will go into Standby mode when you close the display panel., 116 Learning the BasicsUsing Standby 7 Click Override all Modes with settings here. The Set the range window appears. Sample Set the range window with DC only option 8 Do one of the following: ❖ Click DC only for the settings to apply only when you are using battery power. ❖ Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using battery power or outlet power. 9 Click OK to close the Normal Power Properties window. 10 Click OK to close the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window, then close the Control Panel.

Starting again from Standby

To start the computer from Standby mode, press the power button until the on/off light changes to green. The computer returns to the screen you were using. If you put the computer in Standby mode by closing the display panel, you can start the computer again by opening the display panel.,

Chapter 4 Mobile Computing

This chapter covers all aspects of using your computer while traveling.

Toshiba's energy-saver design

Your computer enters a low-power mode when it is not being used, thereby conserving energy and saving money in the process. It has a number of other features that enhance its energy efficiency. Many of these energy-saving features have been set by Toshiba. We recommend you leave these features active, allowing your computer to operate at its maximum energy efficiency, so that you can use it for longer periods while traveling.

Running the computer on battery power

The computer contains a removable lithium ion (Li-ion) high-capacity battery that provides power when you are away from an AC outlet. You can recharge it many times. Battery life may vary depending on applications, power management settings and features utilized. Recharge time, 118 Mobile ComputingRunning the computer on battery power varies depending on usage. The battery may not charge while the computer is consuming full power. After a period of time, the battery will lose its ability to perform at maximum capacity and will need to be replaced. This is normal for all batteries. To purchase a new battery pack, see your accessories information that shipped with your computer or visit the Toshiba Web site at toshiba.com. To ensure that the battery maintains its maximum capacity, operate the computer on battery power at least once a month until the battery is fully discharged. Please see “Maximizing battery life” on page 119 for procedures. If the computer is continuously operated on AC power, either through an AC adapter or a docking station for an extended period, more than a month, the battery may fail to retain a charge. It may not function efficiently over the expected life of the battery and the battery light may not indicate a low-battery condition. In addition, the computer has an internal real-time clock (RTC) battery. The RTC battery powers the RTC memory, which stores your system configuration settings and the current time and date for up to a month while the computer is turned off.

Using additional batteries

If you spend a lot of time traveling and need to work for many hours without an AC power source, you may want to carry additional charged batteries with you. You can then replace a discharged battery and continue working.

Battery safety precautions

❖ If the battery pack produces an odor, overheats or changes color or shape while it is being used or charged, turn off the computer’s power immediately and disconnect the power cord from the power socket. Carefully remove the battery pack from the computer. ❖ Do not try to disassemble a battery., Mobile Computing Running the computer on battery power 119 ❖ Do not overcharge or reverse charge a battery. Overcharging will shorten its life, and reverse charging could damage it. ❖ Avoid touching the metal terminals of the battery with another metal object. Short-circuiting the battery can cause it to overheat and may cause damage to the battery or the computer. ❖ Do not incinerate a spent battery, as this could cause it to explode and release toxic materials. ❖ If a battery is leaking or damaged, replace it immediately. Use protective gloves when handling a damaged battery. ❖ To replace the main battery, use an identical battery that you can purchase through toshiba.com. ❖ A reverse polarity condition should be avoided with all batteries. The main battery is designed so that it cannot be installed to cause reverse polarity. ❖ Charge the battery only in the computer or in a battery charger designated as an approved option. ❖ When you install the battery, you should hear a click when it is seated properly. ❖ Do not expose the battery to fire. The battery could explode.

Maximizing battery life

To maximize the life of your battery: ❖ At least once a month, disconnect the computer from a power source and operate it on battery power until the battery fully discharges. Before doing so, follow the steps below: 1 Turn off the computer’s power. 2 Disconnect the AC adapter and turn on the computer’s power. If it does not turn on, go to step 4., 120 Mobile ComputingRunning the computer on battery power 3 Operate the computer on battery power for five minutes. If the battery has at least five minutes of operating time, continue operating until the battery is fully discharged. If the battery light flashes or there is some other warning to indicate a low battery, go to step 4. 4 Connect the AC adapter to the computer and the power cable to a power outlet. The DC-IN (if applicable to your system) or AC power light should glow green, and the battery light should glow amber to indicate that the battery is being charged. If the DC-IN or AC power light indicator does not glow, power is not being supplied. Check the connections to the AC adapter and power cable. 5 Charge the battery until the battery light glows green. ❖ If you have extra batteries, rotate their use. ❖ If you will not be using the system for an extended period (more than one month) remove the battery. ❖ Disconnect the AC adapter when the battery is fully charged. Overcharging makes the battery hot and shortens life. ❖ If you are not going to use the computer for more than eight hours, disconnect the AC adapter. ❖ Store spare batteries in a cool dry place out of direct sunlight., Mobile Computing Charging batteries 121

Charging batteries

The main battery needs to be charged before you can use it to power the computer. You can charge the battery using your computer, or you can use an optional battery charger. CAUTION: Never leave batteries in the battery charger for more than a week at a time. Doing so may reduce the potential charge of the battery. Use only battery chargers designed to work with your notebook computer. You can order a Toshiba battery charger from Toshiba’s Web site at toshiba.com.

Charging the main battery

To charge the main battery while it is in your computer, plug the computer into a live wall outlet. It takes several hours to charge the battery with the computer off. It takes much longer to charge the battery while the computer is on. TECHNICAL NOTE: The battery may take longer to charge with many applications open at the same time. The battery may not start charging immediately if: ❖ The battery is extremely hot or cold. To ensure that the battery charges to its full capacity, wait until it reaches room temperature (50 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, 10 to 26 degrees Celsius). ❖ The battery is almost completely discharged. Leave the power connected, and the battery should begin charging after a few minutes., 122 Mobile ComputingMonitoring battery power

Charging the RTC battery

The computer contains an internal battery that provides power for the real-time clock (RTC) and calendar. During normal use, the main battery keeps the RTC battery adequately charged. Occasionally, the RTC battery may lose its charge completely, especially if you have had the computer turned off for a long time. If the RTC battery is low, the real-time clock and calendar may display the incorrect time and date, or stop working. To recharge the RTC battery, plug in the computer and leave it turned on for 10 hours or longer. NOTE: It is seldom necessary to charge the RTC battery because it charges while the computer is on. If the RTC battery is low, the real-time clock and calendar may display the incorrect time and date or stop working. When Hibernation mode is enabled and the RTC battery is completely discharged, a warning prompts you to reset the real- time clock. The computer can be used while the RTC battery is being charged, although the charging status of the RTC battery cannot be monitored.

Monitoring battery power

The battery light indicates the main battery’s current charge. It: ❖ Glows green when the battery is fully charged ❖ Glows amber while the battery is being charged ❖ Does not glow if the external power source is disconnected or if the battery is completely discharged, Mobile Computing Monitoring battery power 123

Determining remaining battery power

NOTE: Wait at least 16 seconds after turning on the computer before trying to monitor the remaining battery power. The computer needs this time to check the battery’s remaining capacity and perform its calculations. 1 Click Start, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel opens. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. You can also access the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window by using the TOSHIBA Console button. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192 or “Power Management” on page 194. 4 Choose the Power Save Modes tab, then under the Running on Batteries section, click Details. 5 Click the Power Save Mode tab. The current power source and battery power remaining section displays the current charge state of the battery. The value displays as a percentage of remaining battery charge. TECHNICAL NOTE: The computer drains the battery faster at low temperatures. Check your remaining charge frequently if you are working in temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The computer calculates the remaining battery charge based on your current rate of power use and other factors such as the age of the battery., 124 Mobile ComputingMonitoring battery power

Conserving battery power

How long a fully charged battery lasts when you are using the computer depends on a number of factors, such as: ❖ How the computer is configured ❖ How much you use the display panel instead of an external monitor ❖ How much you use the hard disk and other drives ❖ Whether you use any optional devices to which the battery supplies power, such as a PC Card ❖ Where you are working—since operating time decreases at low temperatures Toshiba’s power-saving options greatly increase the length of time you can use the computer before it becomes necessary to recharge the battery. Toshiba has combined these options into preset power usage modes. You may also set individual power-saving options to suit your own needs. See “Power Management” on page 194 for details.

What to do when the battery runs low

When the battery runs low you can: ❖ Plug the computer into an external power source and recharge the battery. ❖ Put the computer in Hibernation mode and replace the battery with a charged spare. ❖ Save your work and turn off the computer. If you don’t manage to do any of these things before the battery completely runs out of power, the computer automatically enters Hibernation mode and turns itself off. Hibernation mode keeps track of where you were so, when, Mobile Computing Monitoring battery power 125 you turn on the power again, you can continue where you left off. The computer stores the information on what you were doing until the battery runs out of power. If you have Hibernation mode enabled (the default), the computer copies the details of your open programs and files to the hard disk before shutting down.

Setting battery alarms

Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low. You can set multiple alarms. Each alarm can be set to alert you when a specified percentage of remaining battery power has been reached. You can set how the warning occurs: sound an alarm, display a message, both, or none. You can also set the computer to enter Standby mode or Hibernation mode, or to Turn Off or Shut down when the alarm goes off. To set an alarm: 1 Click Start, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click Performance and Maintenance. 3 Click the Toshiba Power Saver icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears. You can also access the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window by using the TOSHIBA Console button. See “TOSHIBA Console” on page 192 or “Power Management” on page 194. 4 Choose the Power Save Modes tab, then under the Running on Batteries section, click Details. 5 Click the Alarm tab and set the alarm, as desired., 126 Mobile ComputingChanging the main battery

Changing the main battery

When your battery power is running low, you have two options: connect the computer to an AC power source or install a charged battery. NOTE: If your battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be sure to save your work often. CAUTION: When handling a battery, be careful not to drop it or short-circuit its terminals. Also, do not drop, hit or otherwise impact the battery. Do not scratch or break the casing and do not twist or bend the battery pack. Do not remove the battery pack while the computer is in Standby mode. Data in memory will be lost.

Removing the battery from the computer

1 Save your work. 2 Turn off the computer or place it in Hibernation mode according to the instructions in “Using Hibernation” on page 105. 3 Remove all cables connected to the computer. 4 Close the display panel and turn the computer upside down., Mobile Computing Changing the main battery 127 Sliding the battery release latch 5 Slide the battery release latch toward the front of the computer. Slide the battery cover toward the edge of the computer until it won’t go any further. 6 Lift the cover straight up from the slot. WARNING: If the battery is leaking or its case is cracked, put on protective gloves to handle it, and discard it immediately following the advice in “Disposing of used batteries safely” on page 129. CAUTION: For environmental reasons, do not throw away a spent battery. Please return spent batteries to your Toshiba dealer.

Removing the battery from the battery cover

1 Position the battery cover with the battery facing up. 2 Press the battery cover latches outward., 128 Mobile ComputingChanging the main battery Battery cover latch Tab Tab Battery cover latch Removing the battery from the battery cover 3 Lift the battery from the battery cover.

Inserting a charged battery

1 Turn off the computer. See “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 99. 2 Remove the battery. See “Removing the battery from the computer” on page 126. 3 Release the battery from the battery cover. See “Removing the battery from the battery cover” on page 127. 4 Wipe the battery terminals of the charged battery with a clean cloth to ensure a good connection. 5 Hold the charged battery so that the label is face down. 6 Fit the battery in the battery cover, ensuring the battery connectors are exposed. Make sure the battery is secured by the battery cover latches. 7 Find the four side tabs on the battery cover and line them up with the corresponding recessed areas along the sides of the empty battery slot. When the tabs line up with the, Mobile Computing Disposing of used batteries safely 129 recessed areas, the battery cover will slip comfortably into the battery slot. 8 Once the battery cover has been inserted, slide the battery cover until the side of the battery release latch matches the side of the computer. 9 Slide the battery release latch toward the back of the computer. You may need to press the cover in from the edge slightly to return the latch to the closed position. Battery release latch Inserting the battery cover CAUTION: Failure to lock the battery cover can result in the battery falling out of the computer case. 10 Turn the computer right side up. 11 Reconnect any cables you removed. 12 Turn on the computer.

Disposing of used batteries safely

You can recharge a battery many times. When the battery needs replacing, the battery light flashes amber shortly after you have fully recharged the battery., 130 Mobile ComputingTraveling tips You must discard a battery if it becomes damaged. CAUTION: The computer’s main battery is a lithium ion (Li-ion) battery, which can explode if not properly replaced, used, handled, or disposed of. Putting spent batteries in the trash is not only irresponsible, it may be illegal. Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations. Use only batteries recommended by Toshiba. The materials that came with your computer may include an insert regarding the disposal of batteries. If not, check with your network administrator or local government agency for information on where to recycle or dispose of old batteries.

Traveling tips

The environmental precautions listed in “Selecting a place to work” on page 38, also apply while travelling. ❖ Never leave your computer on a sunny ledge or in a place where it could get wet or covered in dust. ❖ Always travel with the computer in a carrying case. Toshiba offers a choice of carrying cases for the computer. They all provide plenty of extra space for guides, power cables, compact discs and diskettes. Contact your authorized Toshiba representative for more information, or visit toshiba.com. TECHNICAL NOTE: When traveling by air, you may be required to pass your notebook through airport security equipment. The X-ray equipment will not harm your computer.,

Chapter 5 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System

This chapter introduces the Windows® XP operating system by guiding you through a few basic tasks. Whether you have used a Windows® operating system or not, the skill and confidence you will gain from this chapter will more than offset the short amount of time spent going through these lessons. As you explore the Windows® XP operating system further, you will often discover alternative ways of accomplishing a particular task. For more detailed information on your operating system, refer to the Microsoft® Windows® XP operating system documentation that came with your computer. HINT: The illustrated examples in this guide may appear slightly different from the screens displayed by your system. However, the differences are not significant and do not indicate any change in the functionality of your system., 132 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 1: Exploring the desktop

Lesson 1: Exploring the desktop

The desktop is the launching pad for everything you can do in the operating system. You use its features to start programs, find documents, set up system components, and perform most other computing tasks.

Finding your way around the desktop

Your computer’s desktop includes several standard features: icons, Start button, taskbar, System tray, and background pattern. background pattern Icons Start button Taskbar System tray Sample Desktop, Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 1: Exploring the desktop 133

Icons

An icon represents a folder, file, or program that can be quickly activated by double-clicking the icon. You can create a new desktop icon for any folder, file, or program by dragging the element’s icon from its location in a window to the desktop area. Among the icons on your desktop are the following: Toshiba Access—Opens a window with links to software updates, services and support, and other important benefits. Recycle Bin—Holds files you’ve deleted using Windows Explorer. You may retrieve these files until you empty the Recycle Bin. TECHNICAL NOTE: If you delete a file from a diskette, it does not go into the Recycle Bin. For more information on the Recycle Bin, see Windows® online Help. NOTE: If you place the cursor over an icon, a popup description of the file contents appears. Your desktop may contain other icons depending on your configuration. See the Windows® XP online Help for more specific information on each icon and how to use it.

Start button

You use the Start button to: ❖ Start programs ❖ Access operating system update information ❖ Open recently accessed documents, 134 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 1: Exploring the desktop ❖ Adjust system settings ❖ Search for files ❖ Access Windows® Help and Support ❖ Suspend system activity and turn off the computer For more information on starting programs, see “Lesson 6: Starting programs” on page 143.

Taskbar

Each time you open a program, a button associated with that program appears on the taskbar. With some programs, a button appears on the taskbar for each document or window you open. You can use these buttons to quickly switch between the programs or windows. To make a program or window the active one, click the program’s or window’s button on the taskbar.

System tray

The System tray displays icons of tasks or programs that run continuously in the background. To learn more about each task, position the cursor over the icon for a few moments and a short description of the task appears. Typical tasks in the System tray are Current time, Power usage mode, and speaker volume. To activate a specific task, double-click the appropriate System tray icon.

Windows® XP file system

All files on your computer are organized for accessibility using a hierarchal file system. Programs, documents, and other data are held in files. These files can be grouped together in folders, and folders can be grouped inside other folders for convenient organizing. All, Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together 135 the files and folders reside in your computer on a storage device, such as a disk drive. You can think of your computer storage system in terms of office equipment. You have a file cabinet (device), that contains folders, and each folder may contain documents. Your office may have more than one file cabinet, just as your computer may have more than one disk drive. Computers can be connected together to form a network, so that programs, documents and other data can be quickly and easily shared between computers. You can use the My Computer feature, accessible through the Start menu, to access any file in the Windows® file system. For more information, read the Microsoft® documentation that comes with your computer.

Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control

buttons together The “Getting Started” chapter introduced you to the TouchPad, which is your basic tool for moving around the screen. This lesson lets you practice using the TouchPad and control buttons in tandem. NOTE: How to best use the TouchPad and control buttons together is a matter of personal preference. Many users find that the ideal way is to use both hands, with one index finger working the TouchPad and the other clicking the control buttons. 1 Using the TouchPad, move the cursor to the Start button on the screen, then click the primary button (usually the, 136 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together left button) of the adjoining control buttons to open the Start menu. NOTE: In this guide, the term “click” refers to the primary button, which is usually the left one. Instructions requiring the secondary button specifically mention that button. For example, “click the secondary button.” 2 Click an empty area of the desktop to close the Start menu. 3 With the cursor in an empty area of the desktop, click the secondary button to open the desktop shortcut menu. As the name implies, shortcut menus provide quick access to many operating system features. Sample desktop shortcut menu 4 Click an empty area to close the shortcut menu. 5 Click Start, then click My Computer. The operating system opens the My Computer window., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together 137 Sample My Computer window open 6 Now click the Close button in the upper-right corner of this window. The My Computer window is closed. 7 Click an empty area of the taskbar at the bottom of the screen and, while holding down the primary button, use the TouchPad to drag the cursor to the right edge of the desktop, then release the primary button. (This process is known as “clicking and dragging.”) The taskbar moves from the bottom to the right edge of the desktop., 138 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 2: Using the TouchPad and control buttons together Start button Taskbar System tray Sample desktop with the taskbar on the right HINT: You can move the taskbar to any of the desktop’s four edges. 8 Click the taskbar once again and drag it back to the bottom of the desktop. If you can’t move the taskbar, it’s probably because it has been locked., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet 139 To unlock it: 1 Right-click the taskbar. A menu appears. If the Lock the taskbar option has a check mark, then the feature is in use. 2 Click Lock the taskbar. 3 Call up the menu again. The check mark should be gone, indicating the lock has been removed. Follow the same steps to lock the taskbar. You can also lock and unlock the taskbar by using the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window. To access the window: 1 Right-click the taskbar, then select Properties. The Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window appears. 2 Click the Taskbar tab. 3 Check or uncheck the box next to the Lock the taskbar command. 4 Click OK.

Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet

This lesson demonstrates how to access a Web page from a window and from the taskbar. The lesson assumes you have an account with an Internet Service Provider (ISP). The most common way to open a Web page is by typing a Web address in the address line of the Web browser itself. But you can also type a Web address in the My Computer window. 1 Click Start, then My Computer. The My Computer window appears., 140 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 4: Creating a new document 2 On the View menu, point to Toolbars, then click Address Bar. The operating system displays the address bar. It indicates that you are in “My Computer.” Sample My Computer window

Lesson 4: Creating a new document

This lesson teaches you how to create a text file without having to first open a program. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays a shortcut menu of commands applicable to the desktop. 2 Click New, then click Text Document. The operating system creates an icon on the desktop called New Text Document with the icon name highlighted. 3 To give your document a meaningful name, type My New Doc.txt and press Enter., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 4: Creating a new document 141 4 Double-click the My New Doc icon. The operating system opens the new document in Notepad—the text editor built into the operating system. Sample Notepad window Notice that when the document opens, there is a new button on the taskbar that reads My New Doc.txt- Notepad (the name may be too long to fit into the taskbar space but, if you point to the name, the complete name is visible). By displaying buttons like this one, the taskbar helps you keep track of the programs and files you currently have open. To learn more about Notepad, open the Help menu by pressing F1. For now, leave Notepad open and go on to the next lesson., 142 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 5: Creating a new folder

Lesson 5: Creating a new folder

DEFINITION: A folder is an area where you can store documents and other types of files. It is analogous to a file folder stored in a file cabinet. In this case, a disk drive in the computer is the file cabinet. The operating system stores documents and programs in folders. It even stores other folders in folders. In this lesson, you will create a folder in which to store your new document. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays the desktop shortcut menu. 2 Click New, then click Folder. The operating system creates an icon on the desktop called New Folder with the icon name highlighted. 3 Type a name for the folder, such as My Folder, then press Enter. 4 Close the Notepad document you just created by clicking the Close button on the right side of the Notepad title bar. The operating system displays the document as an icon on the desktop. 5 Click the document icon and drag it toward your New Folder icon. Position the document icon over the New Folder icon until it changes color, then release the primary button. The outline of the document icon moves across the desktop and disappears into the folder. 6 To see your document, double-click the folder icon. A window opens and displays the contents of the folder., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 6: Starting programs 143 7 Close the window by clicking its Close button and continue with the next lesson to learn how to start programs.

Lesson 6: Starting programs

Usually, you will know which program you want to use for a particular task. This lesson teaches you how to launch programs from the Start menu, using two of the programs that are built into the operating system: Paint and Windows® Explorer. 1 Click Start, then All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, then click Paint. The operating system opens Paint—a basic drawing program. Sample Paint window, 144 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 6: Starting programs 3 To open the second program: ❖ Click Start, then click All Programs. ❖ Point to Accessories, then click Windows Explorer. The operating system opens Windows® Explorer, which provides access to all your computer’s resources. For example, it lets you see all the files in a particular folder on the computer’s hard disk. Sample Windows® Explorer window Notice the taskbar now has two buttons on it—one for Paint and one for Windows® Explorer. 4 Click the Paint button on the taskbar. The operating system displays the Paint program. The operating system places the active window on top of other windows on the desktop unless you have selected a different display option. You can move back and forth between the two programs by clicking each button alternately., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows 145

Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding

windows If you have followed the lessons in this chapter, you now have a screen with several program windows open. You can organize these windows by resizing and repositioning them so that you can see more than one window at a time. You can also hide windows by removing them from the desktop without actually closing your document or program. This lesson introduces several ways to adjust the size, shape, and position of windows open on the desktop. Close button Maximize button Minimize button Start button Taskbar System tray Sample Windows® Explorer window open on the desktop, 146 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows

Using the taskbar

If you have applications open on the desktop, you can rearrange them by pointing to the applications’ button on the taskbar through use of the TouchPad and clicking the secondary button. You have these options: ❖ Move windows ❖ Size windows ❖ Minimize all windows — display only the taskbar buttons ❖ Maximize windows ❖ Close windows Choose your option depending on how you wish to set up your desktop.

Minimizing and maximizing windows

1 To make the Explorer window the active window, click the Windows Explorer button on the taskbar. The operating system highlights the Windows® Explorer title bar to show that Windows® Explorer is the active window. 2 Click the Minimize button at the top-right of the Explorer window to hide the window. Windows® Explorer disappears from the desktop. However, it is still open, as you can see from the taskbar. HINT: Minimizing program windows is a good way to clean up the desktop without actually closing programs. 3 Click the Maximize button in the top-right corner of the Paint window., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 7: Resizing, repositioning, and hiding windows 147 The Paint window expands to fill the screen, hiding everything except the taskbar. Notice that the Maximize button has changed. It is now called the Restore Down button. HINT: Maximizing a program is a good way to work when you are only using that program and do not want any distractions on the screen.

Resizing and moving windows

1 Click the Restore Down button in the top-right corner of the Paint window. Paint returns to its previous size and location. Notice that the Restore Down button has changed back into the Maximize button. For the next few steps assume that you want to be able to see both Paint and Windows® Explorer at the same time. 2 Move the cursor to the right-hand edge of the Paint window. The cursor changes to a two-headed arrow. 3 Click and drag the edge of the window until it takes up just less than half the width of the desktop. 4 Click the title bar of the Paint window and drag it to the left side of the desktop. You can move any window by clicking its title bar and dragging it. 5 Click My Documents on the taskbar. 6 Repeat steps 3 and 4 to change the size and position of Windows® Explorer, placing it on the right side of the desktop., 148 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 8: Closing programs Now that the windows are side by side, you can see how you could refer to one window while working in the other. Resizing and moving windows allows you to rearrange the desktop to suit your needs. Experiment with different sizes and placements of windows to find the best arrangement for your work. At this point you have two programs open on the desktop. The next lesson shows you how to close them.

Lesson 8: Closing programs

Once you are finished working with a document or program, it is a good idea to close it. While you can run several programs at the same time, having a large number of programs and documents open simultaneously can slow down your computer. This lesson teaches you how to close the programs you opened earlier in this tutorial. To close the programs: 1 Click the Close button at the top-right of the Explorer window. That is all there is to it. Windows® Explorer closes, removing the Explorer button from the taskbar as well. 2 Close Paint and the My Computer window (assuming it is still open) by clicking the Close buttons for each program. HINT: Always save your work before you close a program., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts 149

Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts

By adding shortcuts to your desktop, you can open programs or files with the click of a button. You will probably want to create shortcuts for the programs you use most frequently. This lesson explains how to create shortcuts using two operating system accessories, Calculator and Character Map, as examples.

Creating a shortcut to the Calculator

Use this method when you know the name and location of the program file to which you would like to create a shortcut. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays the desktop shortcut menu. 2 Click New, then click Shortcut. The operating system displays the Create Shortcut window. Sample Create Shortcut window 3 In the Command line box, type c:\windows\system32\calc.exe and click Next. The operating system prompts you to select a name for the shortcut., 150 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 9: Creating shortcuts 4 Type Calculator and click Finish. The operating system displays the new shortcut on your desktop.

Creating a shortcut to the Character Map

Use this method when you don’t know the name and location of the program file. 1 Click Start, then click Search. Sample Search option on the Start menu The operating system displays the Search Results window., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts 151 Sample Search Results window HINT: Search also allows you to perform searches on the Internet. 2 Click All files and folders. 3 Type char in the text box labeled: In all or part of the file name. The operating system displays a list of all the files with “char” in their names. 4 Click the Character Map file with the secondary button and drag and drop it on the desktop. 5 In the desktop shortcut menu, click Create Shortcuts here., 152 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 10: Changing the screen saver A shortcut to the Character Map appears on your desktop. NOTE: Shortcut icons can be recognized by an arrow in the lower- left corner. Deleting or changing the shortcut icons will not affect the program to which they refer. Clicking a shortcut icon opens the program or folder immediately. You can place as many shortcuts on your desktop as you find useful. HINT: The Character Map is a useful tool when you want to add a special character to a document.

Lesson 10: Changing the screen saver

The Windows® XP operating system treats all windows, icons, programs, drives, etc. as self-contained objects, each with its own set of properties (such as size, position on- screen, and color). Many of these properties can be customized to meet your particular needs and tastes. DEFINITION: An object is an independent block of data, text, or graphics that was created by an individual application. This lesson introduces object properties by showing you how to change one of the properties of the desktop—the screen saver. This is a continuously changing pattern that appears on the screen during pauses in your work. 1 Move the cursor to an empty area of the desktop, then click the secondary button. The operating system displays the desktop shortcut menu., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 10: Changing the screen saver 153 2 Click Properties. The operating system displays the Display Properties window. Sample Display Properties window 3 Click the Screen Saver tab. 4 Click the arrow beside the current option—probably “(None)” —to open the screen saver list box. 5 Scroll through the screen saver options by clicking the scroll arrows in the list box. 6 Try a screen saver pattern by clicking a name in the list box. The operating system displays your selection in the monitor above the list box. Try several patterns. 7 To apply a pattern to your desktop, click Apply. 8 After you have chosen a screen saver pattern and applied it to your desktop, click OK. The operating system returns you to the desktop., 154 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 11: Setting the date and time You can view any object’s properties by clicking the object with the secondary button, then choosing Properties from the shortcut menu that appears. The next lesson explains how to set two other properties—the date and time.

Lesson 11: Setting the date and time

You initially set the computer’s date and time properties when you turned the computer on for the first time and set up the operating system. To change the date and time settings: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears. 2 Click the Date, Time, Language, and Regional Options icon. 3 Click the Date and Time icon. 4 Click one of the following: ❖ Change the date and time in the Pick a task section. ❖ Date and Time in the or pick a Control Panel icon section. The Date and Time Properties window appears., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop 155 Sample Date and Time Properties window HINT: To open the Date and Time Properties window more quickly, either click the time display on the taskbar with the secondary button, then click Adjust Date/Time, or double-click the time display. 5 Click the Date & Time tab and set the correct month, year, day, and time. 6 Click the Time Zone tab and drop-down list box, and set your time zone. 7 Click OK. 8 Close the Control Panel.

Lesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop

Earlier in this tutorial, you created a new icon on the desktop. Since everything you have done to this point has been just practice, you may want to return the desktop back to its original uncluttered state. This lesson explains how to remove objects from the desktop and introduces the Recycle Bin. 1 Click the New Folder icon you created, drag it until it is over the Recycle Bin icon and it changes color, then release the primary button., 156 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 12: Removing objects from the desktop The icon disappears, but it has not really gone. It is merely set aside in the Recycle Bin so that you can restore or delete it later. 2 Repeat step 1 for any other icons you created during this tutorial. Each icon disappears as you drop it on the Recycle Bin. 3 Double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The operating system opens the Recycle Bin window. Notice that all the icons you dropped on the Recycle Bin are listed. Sample Recycle Bin window 4 To completely remove an object, select it, and then click File, Delete. The Confirm File Delete window appears. 5 Click Yes to permanently remove the file. The object is permanently deleted from the Recycle Bin. Later on—in your real work, not in this tutorial—you will use the Recycle Bin to delete other objects such as folders,, Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 13: Using System Restore 157 documents, and sometimes even programs. Still, the process is the same. Just drag an object’s icon to the Recycle Bin. If you change your mind and want to restore an object you sent to the Recycle Bin, select the object with the secondary button and click Restore. The operating system restores the object to the place from which it was deleted. You can also restore the object by dragging it to the desktop. But when you are absolutely certain that you never want to see it again, delete it from the Recycle Bin. To delete everything from the Recycle Bin at once, choose Empty Recycle Bin from the File menu. HINT: Empty the Recycle Bin periodically. Even though an item is moved to the Recycle Bin, it still uses valuable space on the hard disk drive until it is deleted from the Recycle Bin.

Lesson 13: Using System Restore

The System Restore feature allows you to return your computer to the way it was configured on a specific date or time, a “restore point.” This is useful if you are reconfiguring your computer for new hardware or software. In the event that your hardware or software causes your computer to malfunction, you can remove the offending item(s) and restore the system to the state it was in at the preset time. To get to System Restore, click Start, click All Programs, point to Accessories and System Tool, and click System Restore. The System Restore Welcome screen appears., 158 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? Sample System Restore welcome screen The Windows® XP operating system guides you through the process of storing your system settings for future use. It also guides you through restoring your system to the selected date or time.

Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do?

This teaches you how to use some of the Help features in the Windows® XP operating system.

Windows® XP Help and Support

The operating system has a Help facility. If you cannot figure out how to do something, the answer is probably only a few clicks away. Assume that you want to draw a picture, but don’t know how. 1 If you don’t have an application open, press F1, otherwise click Start, then click Help and Support. The operating system opens the Help and Support Center window., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? 159 2 If you do not see the index, click index. Help and Support displays the Index. Sample Help and Support Index The left side of the screen contains the index. The text box above the index, where the cursor is flashing, lets you type in a topic you want to find in the index. 3 Type drawing in the text box. Notice as you type that the index moves to locate what you typed., 160 Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating SystemLesson 14: If I am lost, what do I do? Sample help window for drawings Notice that under the category drawings, there is a subcategory: creating using Paint. 4 Highlight creating using Paint, then click Display. Help opens a topic screen that, in the window’s right pane, gives a brief description of Paint and provides different ways for accessing the program, including through use of a hot link (Paint). Not every Help topic contains a hot link to start the program it is talking about. However, when you do encounter one, it provides a convenient way to start the program to look at while you read about the program in the Help topic.

Using the Windows® XP tour

Whether you are new to computers or you have some experience, the Windows® XP tour is a good way to learn about the operating system’s features., Getting to Know the Windows® XP Operating System Lesson 15: Turning off your computer 161 To start the tour: 1 Click Start, then click Tour Windows XP The Windows XP Tour window appears. 2 Follow the instructions. Sample Windows XP Tour window

Lesson 15: Turning off your computer

It is very important that you let the operating system turn off your computer. As it shuts down, the operating system performs a number of tasks that ensure that everything is in place the next time you turn on the computer. To turn off the computer using either Turn Off or Shut down, see “Powering down the computer” on page 99.,

Chapter 6 Exploring Your Options

In this chapter, you will explore other features of your notebook computer.

Windows® XP special features

The Windows® XP operating system offers you several new features and enhancements, including: ❖ New system file protection ❖ A system restore function, allowing you to rollback the system to its previous mode ❖ An improved help center, support automation, and automatic Windows® operating system update ❖ Wizards to simplify setting up your home network ❖ Ability to share one Internet connection among multiple PCs ❖ An automatic discovery feature that allows your computer to detect new and intelligent devices, Exploring Your Options Personalizing your desktop 163

Personalizing your desktop

Your desktop is your virtual workspace. This section explains how to customize its features for the way you like to work. You can customize the following aspects of the desktop: ❖ Taskbar — which resources to display for quick access ❖ Web content — what information from the Internet to always display ❖ Desktop style — how windows are displayed and how to browse folders and files ❖ Toolbars — what information appears at the top of each window

Customizing the taskbar

As you work, the taskbar changes to reflect what you are doing. Its icons provide shortcuts to programs, documents, files, folders, system features, and components. For example, you can personalize the taskbar to include your favorite URL addresses or local folders and programs. DEFINITION: URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which is the address that defines the route to a file on the Web or any other Internet facility. Generically, it is known as the World Wide Web site address. Having a list of favorite URLs handy saves time. Using it bypasses the need for you to launch your browser first. To customize your taskbar settings, point to an empty space in the taskbar and click the secondary button., 164 Exploring Your OptionsPersonalizing your desktop

Changing desktop and browsing style

The operating system enables you to customize the way you view your desktop and browse the files and folders on your local computer or network file server. You can arrange that: ❖ Items that normally require a double-click will open with a single click. ❖ Folders will open in their own window instead of in the same window. ❖ Folders are accompanied by a list of common tasks instead of displayed alone. The options you choose determine how you browse in the operating system, regardless of whether you start from the desktop, My Computer, Windows® Explorer, or Internet Explorer. For more information about changing your desktop style, enter Desktop on the Index tab in Help and Support.

Choosing a style

To select desktop and browsing style options: 1 Click Start, then click My Computer. The My Computer window appears. 2 Select the Tools menu, then click Folder Options. The Folder Options window appears., Exploring Your Options Personalizing your desktop 165 Sample Web-style option 3 Select the preferred options. 4 Click Apply, then click OK.

Personalizing individual windows

Just as you can display a Web page on your desktop, you can also display a Web page in an individual window. If you subscribe to the Web page, it can be automatically updated on a regular basis. For example, using this Web integration feature you can monitor weather, game scores, stock prices, or headlines — all in the window of your choice. To display a Web page in an individual window: 1 Click Start, Help and Support. The Help and Support window appears. 2 Type Active Desktop in the search field., 166 Exploring Your OptionsPersonalizing your desktop 3 Click the Add Web content to your desktop link. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions.

Customizing window toolbars

You can display one or more customizable toolbars at the top of a window. As you browse, the operating system detects the kind of information presented in the window and automatically displays the appropriate toolbar buttons and menus. You can also add these toolbars to the taskbar. Standard buttons Address bar Sample toolbar locations, Exploring Your Options Personalizing your desktop 167 The elements you can add to the top of the window are: Toolbar element Description Address Bar Opens Web pages, programs, folders, or documents. By default, the address bar shows your current location, and whether it is a folder or a Web page. You can browse to another location by typing an address — a URL, a path, or even a program name. If you start typing a previously typed address, the AutoComplete feature finishes the address for you. Standard buttons Displays buttons for commonly used commands, such as copying, pasting, deleting items, changing views, and browsing backward and forward. Links Displays buttons to Web sites.

Displaying a toolbar in a window

1 Click Start, then click My Computer. The My Computer window appears. 2 On the View menu, point to Toolbars, then click the name of the toolbar you want to display. The toolbar appears below the menu bar of the current window.

Displaying information about each folder

In addition to displaying the contents of each window, you might find it helpful to have the operating system display the name of the folder and brief information about how to use the folder. 1 Click Start, then click My Computer., 168 Exploring Your OptionsPersonalizing your desktop The My Computer window appears. 2 Double-click the folder you want to open. 3 In the Tools menu, select Folder Options. The Folders Options box appears. 4 In the Tasks section, click the button for Show common tasks in folders. 5 Click Apply, then click OK. Helpful information on how to use the folders appears on one side of the window. Sample folder with how-to information To remove the informational boxes: 1 In the Tools menu, select Folders Options. The Folders Options box appears. 2 In the Tasks section, click the button for Use Windows classic folders. 3 Click Apply, then OK., Exploring Your Options Using your computer at the office 169

Using your computer at the office

By connecting an external monitor, external full-size keyboard and an external mouse, you can work with your notebook as if it were a standard office computer. An external monitor connects to the RGB (monitor) port. An external mouse and keyboard connect to the USB ports. In addition, you can connect your notebook to the office network. See “Connecting your computer to a network” on page 172.

Exchanging data with another computer

There are several ways in which you can transfer information between your notebook and another computer: ❖ Locally, using a direct cable link ❖ Locally, over a network ❖ Remotely using a dial-up connection

Setting up a direct cable connection

NOTE: To establish a direct cable connection, you will need a DirectParallel cable. The cable does not come with your system and must be purchased separately. To establish a direct cable connection with another computer: 1 Click Start, All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, Communications, and click New Connection Wizard. 3 Click Next. 4 Select Set up an advanced connection., 170 Exploring Your OptionsExchanging data with another computer 5 Click Next. 6 Select Connect directly to another computer. 7 Choose the appropriate role for your computer: ❖ Guest ❖ Host 8 Follow the on-screen instructions.

Setting up for communications

In order to connect to the Internet, use an online service, or access a network through a dial-up connection, you need: ❖ A modem (one comes with your computer) ❖ A telephone line ❖ A browser or communications program ❖ An Internet Service Provider (ISP) or online service if you plan to use the Internet

Connecting the modem to a telephone line

Before you can use the modem, you must connect it to a standard voice-grade telephone line. See “Connecting the modem” on page 97. TECHNICAL NOTE: If you are using the telephone line at home, disable Call Waiting before you connect through the modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.

Determining the COM port

Your modem is connected to one of the computer’s COM (communications) ports. The default setting for the modem is COM3., Exploring Your Options Exchanging data with another computer 171 The following procedure is intended to support you if you need to either upgrade your modem or reset the port to the default settings. If you’re having trouble connecting through the modem, you may need to determine the current COM port name and possibly change it. To find out which port your modem is connected to in the operating system: 1 Click Start, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel appears. 2 Click Printers and Other Hardware. 3 Click Phone and Modem Options. The Phone and Modem Options window appears. 4 Click the Modems tab. A location box appears. In the Attached to field, the COM port is specified. Your modem should be listed under Modem. 5 To verify that the modem is set up properly: ❖ Click the port to which your modem is connected. ❖ Click Properties. ❖ Click the Diagnostics tab. ❖ Click Query Modem. The Modem AMR Properties box appears. 6 Click the General tab. The computer should indicate whether the modem is working properly. 7 If the modem isn’t working properly, click Troubleshooting and follow the instructions. 8 Click OK to close the Properties box, then the Phone and Modem Options windows., 172 Exploring Your OptionsExchanging data with another computer 9 Close the Control Panel.

Connecting your computer to a network

You can connect your computer to a network to increase its capabilities and functionality.

Accessing a network

To access: ❖ A wired network at the office, connect an Ethernet cable to the RJ45 jack on your computer. ❖ A remote network, you need a dial-up connection. ❖ A wireless network, you need a wireless networking PC Card, or contact your Toshiba Authorized Service Provider.

Setting up a dial-up connection

To set up a dial-up connection, use the New Connection Wizard: 1 Click Start and point to All Programs. 2 Point to Accessories, then to Communications, and click New Connection Wizard. 3 Follow the on-screen instructions. The computer connects to the network.

Setting up a wireless connection

For information on how to set up a wireless connection, refer to your wireless networking device documentation or contact your Toshiba Authorized Service Provider., Exploring Your Options An overview of using the Internet 173

Accessing the wireless modules using your system tray

This information applies to systems with the optional Wi-Fi Mini PCI module. NOTE: To install the Wi-Fi option at a later time, contact your Toshiba Authorized Service Provider. When using your Wi-Fi Mini PCI module, your computer may display a Network Connection icon in the desktop’s system tray to indicate that it is in use. You can use the icon to turn off your Wi-Fi Mini PCI module. NOTE: Your system may display similar icons that perform different functions. To ensure you are using the correct one, click the icon and click properties. The optional Wi-Fi Mini PCI module is integrated into your computer system. It is recommended that you do not remove the module from your computer. For assistance, contact a Toshiba Authorized Service Provider.

An overview of using the Internet

The following sections give a quick introduction to the Internet and some of its exciting features, under these headings: ❖ The Internet ❖ The World Wide Web ❖ Internet Service Providers ❖ Connecting to the Internet using a telephone line ❖ Surfing the Internet, 174 Exploring Your OptionsAn overview of using the Internet ❖ Internet features ❖ Uploading and downloading files from the Internet For more information about the Internet, see “Lesson 3: Learning about the Internet” on page 139.

The Internet

The Internet is an association of thousands of networks and millions of computers around the world connected by communications lines. They all work together to share information.

The World Wide Web

The World Wide Web (or ‘Web’) is a subset of the Internet — a collection of interlinked documents (located on computers connected to the Internet) that work together using a specific Internet protocol called Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The World Wide Web offers information as text, images, audio, or video to be referenced from anywhere in the world. Special programs called Web browsers are specifically designed to work with HTTP. They make it easier to connect to a particular network address and send and receive information.

Internet Service Providers

To connect a computer directly to the Internet, many people and businesses use an Internet Service Provider (ISP). An ISP is a company that has the equipment and the telecommunication lines necessary to maintain an Internet connection. You can connect to the Internet by using a telephone line and modem or through other higher-speed communication methods such as Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL), cable, or satellite links., Exploring Your Options An overview of using the Internet 175

Connecting to the Internet using a telephone line

To connect to the Internet, you need: ❖ A modem ❖ A Web browser ❖ A telephone line ❖ An Internet Service Provider (ISP) account Once you have established an ISP account, you can access the Internet. 1 Connect your computer’s modem to a telephone line. For more information on connecting a modem, see “Connecting the modem” on page 97. 2 Start your Web browser. Have your modem dial the ISP’s telephone number, and establish a connection with the ISP’s computer.

Surfing the Internet

Once connected to the Internet, the Web browser displays a home page, for example, your ISP’s home page on the Internet or your company’s Web site home page. To visit a desired Web site, type in the Web address. The Web address, or Uniform Resource Locator (URL), is a unique identifier for that computer system linked to the Internet. Web addresses can also appear within a Web page’s text, and are known as links. Clicking a link automatically transfers your Web browser to that site. You can also use a Search Engine, a Web site specifically designed to help you look for information., 176 Exploring Your OptionsAn overview of using the Internet

Internet features

The Internet offers many types of communication tools to help you perform many tasks. ❖ Internet email To send and receive email of your own, you need a mailbox on the Web, or an email address. If you have an account with an ISP, you can probably set up an email address at the same time as you sign up for the service. ❖ Internet chat rooms A chat room is a Web site that offers a place where people with similar interests and ideas can communicate in real-time, one-on-one or in groups, by typing messages which are instantly viewed by others on their computer screens. ❖ Internet news groups A news group is similar to a chat room, but instead of using a dedicated site to converse about a specialized subject with others in real-time, it uses a Web site as a clearinghouse where all the messages are placed, like a gigantic bulletin board. ❖ Online shopping Many Web sites offer products and services for sale.

Uploading and downloading files from the Internet

Transferring files from one computer to another is termed uploading (transferring data from your computer to a site on the Web), or downloading (transferring data from a site on the Web to your computer). There are several ways to upload or download data. It can be as simple as attaching a file or document to an email, or you can use the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) features of your Web browser to transfer large amounts of data., Exploring Your Options Toshiba’s online resources 177

Toshiba’s online resources

Toshiba maintains a number of online sites to which you can connect. These sites provide information about Toshiba products, give help with technical questions, and keep you up to date with future upgrades. For more information, see “Contacting Toshiba” on page 226.

Exploring video features

Your computer’s video features enable you to view Windows® presentations or DVD movies either on the computer screen (display panel or external monitor) or on a television set. For information on connecting: ❖ An external monitor, see “Using external display devices” on page 54. ❖ A television set, see “Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television.”

Viewing presentations or DVD movies on your television

To view a DVD movie or Windows® presentation in full- screen mode on your television, you need RCA-type (composite) video and audio cables. You must purchase both cables. The audio cable is “Y”-shaped. It has a 3.5 mm stereo jack at one end, and red and white RCA-type connectors at the “Y” end. 1 Connect one end of the video cable to the video out port on your computer and the other end to the appropriate jack on your television. For the location of the video out port, see the section entitled “Back” on page 28. 2 Connect the stereo jack of the audio cable to the headphone out on your computer. For the location of the headphone out, see “Front with the display closed” on, 178 Exploring Your OptionsExploring audio features page 27. Connect the red and white RCA-type connectors of the audio cable’s “Y” end to the corresponding jacks on the television. 3 Press Fn and F5 repeatedly to select the TV-only display option. Sample display options window The picture will automatically display on the TV screen. 4 If a movie is already playing, turn it off and repeat step 3. NOTE: As you press the Fn and F5 keys, the display box shifts to highlight the different display output devices. When the TV box is highlighted, release the Fn and F5 keys to send the display to the video out. To return to the internal LCD display, press the Fn and F5 keys again and highlight the internal LCD.

Playing DVDs

1 Open the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW tray. 2 Place the DVD in the DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive. 3 Launch WinDVD and press the Play button.

Exploring audio features

You can use your computer to record sounds using an external microphone. You can play .wav sound files or audio, Exploring Your Options Exploring audio features 179 CDs using the built-in speakers, headphones or external speakers.

Recording sounds

You can make audio recordings and save them as .wav files by connecting an external microphone or other sound source to the microphone in jack and using the Sound Recorder feature in the operating system. DEFINITION: A .wav (pronounced “wave”) file is the format for storing sound in files.

Using a microphone

Attaching a microphone 1 Connect an external microphone to the computer. 2 Click Start, point to All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, then click Sound Recorder., 180 Exploring Your OptionsExploring audio features Positioning bar Record Stop Play Skip forward Skip backward Sample Sound Recorder screen 3 Click the Record button and speak normally into the microphone. NOTE: You can only record 60 seconds at a time. 4 When you have finished recording, click the Stop button. 5 To hear what you just recorded, click the Play button. 6 To save the file, select Save from the File menu.

Adjusting recording quality

The better the quality of the recording, the more disk space the sound file requires. Experiment to find a balance that fits your needs. 1 Open Sound Recorder, if necessary (click Start, point to All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, then click Sound Recorder). 2 In the Sound Recorder window, click Edit, then click Audio Properties., Exploring Your Options Exploring audio features 181 3 In the Audio Properties window, adjust the Sound Playback quality and volume, and the Sound Recording volume. 4 Click OK. Your new settings take effect the next time you record.

Using external speakers or headphones

Your computer is equipped with a full stereo sound system and internal speakers. Instead of using the internal speakers, you can connect headphones or a pair of external stereo speakers. TECHNICAL NOTE: Use amplified speakers that require an external power source. Other types of speakers will be inadequate to produce sound from the computer. To play back sound files through external speakers or headphones: 1 Locate the headphone out on the computer. Attaching a headphone or speaker cable 2 Using any necessary adapters, plug the cable from the headphones or external speakers into the headphone out. The headphone out requires a 16-ohm stereo mini-jack., 182 Exploring Your OptionsUsing PC Cards 3 Adjust the volume: ❖ For external speakers, use the volume controls on each speaker. ❖ For headphones, use the computer’s volume control dial.

Using PC Cards

PC Cards expand your computer’s capabilities and usefulness. You can purchase additional PC Cards from your dealer. Most PC Cards conform to the PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) standard. Your computer has two stacked PC Card slots and supports two types of PC Cards, known as types II and III: ❖ A Type II card is typically used for memory storage, as a network card, and so on. You can install two Type II cards. ❖ A Type III card is used for removable hard disks and other functions that require a larger card. You can install one of these cards. Check the documentation that came with the PC Card to see if it conforms to the PCMCIA 2.01 standard, or later. Other cards may work with your computer, but are likely to be much more difficult to set up and use.

PC Card supporting software

The operating system provides the Card and Socket Services for your PC Card and is installed automatically. Even if your PC Card comes with its own version of Card and Socket Services, you should use the files included in the Windows® XP operating system., Exploring Your Options Using PC Cards 183

Inserting PC Cards

Inserting a PC Card 1 If your PC Card does not support hot swapping, save your data and turn off the computer before inserting the PC Card. For more information, see “Hot swapping” on page 184. 2 Hold the PC Card with the arrow or main label side up and the connector side toward the slot. 3 Align the card connectors with an available PC Card slot and carefully slide the card into the slot until it locks into place. NOTE: If you have a Type III card, insert the connector into the lower slot. If you have a Type II card, you can insert it into either the upper or the lower slot. CAUTION: To avoid damaging the PC Card or the computer, don’t force the card into the PC Card slot., 184 Exploring Your OptionsUsing PC Cards

Removing PC Cards

1 Click the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray. 2 Click Safely remove xxxx, where xxxx is the identifier for your PC Card. The operating system advises you that you may safely remove the card. 3 Press the PC Card eject button next to the PC Card slot in use. Ejecting a PC Card 4 Remove the PC Card and store it properly.

Hot swapping

One of the great things about PC Cards is that you can replace one PC Card with another while the computer is on. This is called “hot swapping.”

Hot swapping precautions

Although you can insert a PC Card at any time, to avoid data loss never remove a card while it is in use. For example: ❖ Never remove an ATA card while the system is accessing it., Exploring Your Options Using PC Cards 185 ❖ Never remove a network card while you are connected to a network. ❖ Never remove a SCSI card while any of the SCSI devices connected to it are operating. DEFINITION: SCSI is an acronym for Small Computer Systems Interface. A single SCSI PC Card enables you to connect several SCSI devices, such as a scanner or digital camera to your computer. Before removing a PC Card, shut it down by clicking the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray. Once the PC Card has stopped, you can safely remove it.,

Chapter 7 Toshiba Utilities

Your computer includes several utilities designed to help you to configure your system to best meet your individual needs. Together, these allow you to ascertain certain system details, set additional options, or change default options. These utilities are described in this chapter: ❖ TOSHIBA Accessibility ❖ Fn-esse® ❖ Hotkey utility ❖ Toshiba Console ❖ TOSHIBA Power Saver ❖ Toshiba Hardware Setup

TOSHIBA Accessibility

The TOSHIBA Accessibility utility allows you to use the Fn key to create a hot key combination with one of the function keys without pressing the two keys simultaneously as is usually required., Toshiba Utilities Fn-esse 187 Using Accessibility enables you to make the Fn key a sticky key, meaning you can press it once, release it and then press a function key to activate the hot key function. To open Accessibility: 1 Click Start, then click All Programs. 2 Select Toshiba Utilities, then select Accessibility. The TOSHIBA Accessibility window appears. 3 Check the Use Fn-StickyKey box. Sample TOSHIBA Accessibility window 4 Put a check mark next to the desired option. 5 Click Apply, then click OK. The function is now active.

Fn-esse

The operating system shortcuts and Toshiba’s Fn-esse program provide quick ways to open programs, documents,, 188 Toshiba UtilitiesFn-esse and folders from within any program without using the Start menu. This section describes how to use the Fn-esse program to quickly access your programs and files. For information on creating operating system shortcuts, see “Lesson 9: Creating shortcuts” on page 149. With Fn-esse, you can assign an Fn key combination to: ❖ Open a Windows® program ❖ Open a file in its associated Windows® program ❖ Display a customized folder of Windows® programs and/ or files from which to choose The system also has several keys, known as hot keys, that perform preassigned operations. You can assign any key that is not associated with a hot key or a keyboard overlay.

Starting Fn-esse

To access Fn-esse, click Start, All Programs, Toshiba Utilities and Fn-esse. The Fn-esse keyboard appears. Sample Fn-esse keyboard The keys are color-coded as follows: ❖ Available keys are white., Toshiba Utilities Fn-esse 189 ❖ Assigned keys and keys associated with a popup list are shown on the Fn-esse keyboard in the selected color. ❖ Unavailable keys are dark gray.

Assigning a key to a program or document

There are two ways to assign a key to open a program or document: ❖ Drag-and-drop ❖ Use the keyboard or TouchPad The method most often used is drag-and-drop.

Using the Fn-esse drag-and-drop

To assign a key to a program or document: 1 Start both Fn-esse and Windows® Explorer (or the program supporting drag-and-drop). 2 Resize the Explorer window so that you can see both the Fn-esse keyboard and Explorer at the same time. 3 In the Explorer window, highlight the program or document file you wish to assign to a key. 4 Click and hold the primary button as you drag the highlighted item from Explorer to the key on the Fn-esse keyboard you wish assigned. 5 Release the primary button. Fn-esse displays the Add/Edit Command window with the Description, Command Line, and Working Directory fields automatically completed. 6 Click OK to close the Add/Edit Command window with your key assignment in place. The program or document is now associated with the key you just selected. To open the program or document, press Fn plus the appropriate key., 190 Toshiba UtilitiesFn-esse

Using the keyboard or TouchPad

To assign a key to open a program or document: 1 Start Fn-esse. 2 Perform one of the following: ❖ Using the keyboard, press and hold the Fn key, then press the desired assignment key. ❖ Using the TouchPad, move the cursor over the desired key and press the secondary button. The Assignment Type window appears. HINT: If you are making a direct key assignment, complete step 3. If you are making a popup assignment, complete step 4. 3 To make a direct key assignment, select Direct to display the Add/Edit Command window, then complete these steps: ❖ Enter the Description, Command Line, and Working Directory for the new Fn-esse key assignment, or click the Browse button to specify this information. ❖ Click OK. 4 To make a popup assignment, select Popup to display the Application Explorer window, then complete these steps: ❖ Select the desired folder. The left side of the Application Explorer window displays the folders in the Programs menu. The right side lists the programs and documents in the folder. These are the items that appear in the popup list. ❖ To create a popup list with items from various folders, or to pick only a few items from a folder, create a new folder containing only the desired programs and documents. If you are unsure how to, Toshiba Utilities Hotkey utility 191 do this, refer to your operating system documentation. ❖ Click OK to associate the folder with the key you just selected. ❖ To open a popup list showing the items in that folder, press Fn plus the appropriate key.

Viewing existing key assignments

To view the existing key assignments, choose Assignments from the Fn-esse keyboard. Fn-esse displays the Function Key Assignments window. This box lists all the key assignments and the program or document to which each key is assigned. To view items in a popup list, click the Expand popup lists check box.

Changing or removing existing key assignments

1 In the Fn-esse keyboard, click the key you wish to change with the secondary button. Fn-esse displays the Assignment Type window. 2 To change the key assignment, click Direct or Popup and continue as if you were creating a new assignment. 3 To remove the key assignment, click Clear.

Hotkey utility

The hotkey utility allows you to receive a confirmation message when you use the hot key combination for Standby [Fn + F3] and Hibernation [Fn + F4]. To activate the utility: Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba Utilities and then click Hotkey utility. The Toshiba Hotkey utility window appears., 192 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console Sample Toshiba Hotkey utility window 4 Put a check mark next to the desired option. 5 Click OK.

TOSHIBA Console

The TOSHIBA Console provides quick access to computer functions and allows you to customize a range of computer settings. You can normally access the TOSHIBA Console in two ways: ❖ Press the TOSHIBA Console button located above the F6 key on your keyboard. ❖ Use the Start menu. If you use the latter, do the following: 1 Click Start, then click All Programs. 2 Point to TOSHIBA Console, then click the resulting TOSHIBA Console selection. The TOSHIBA Console window appears., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 193 Sample TOSHIBA Console window The TOSHIBA Console offers two categories of features: ❖ Customize Your Computer ❖ Security

Customize Your Computer

The features available in this category are: ❖ Power Management (See “Power Management” on page 194.) ❖ TOSHIBA Button Controls (See “TOSHIBA Button Controls” on page 197.) ❖ Mouse (properties) ❖ Hotkey assignment (See “Fn-esse” on page 187.) ❖ Toshiba Hardware (See “Toshiba Hardware Setup” on page 198.), 194 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console

Security The features available in this category are:

❖ Supervisor password ❖ User password

Power Management

The Power Management feature enables you to control your computer’s power usage, regardless of the source, and use the many preset power modes, or create one yourself. To access Power Management through the TOSHIBA Console: 1 Press the TOSHIBA Console button. 2 Click the Power Management icon. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 195 Sample TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window The Power Save Modes tab shows the power usage modes for both AC power (“Plugged in”) and battery power (Running on batteries”). You can either use one of the preset modes or create and use your own customized mode. The preset modes cannot be deleted. By changing the options that appear in the Toshiba Power Saver Properties window and clicking OK, you can reconfigure that function. Any options that you change become effective when you click either OK or Apply.

Plugged in section

This section has a single preset power usage mode — Full Power. You can create other AC power modes, but Toshiba recommends use of the preset Full Power mode., 196 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console The windows and settings for creating and customizing battery power modes are described in the following sections.

Running on batteries section

The preset modes are: ❖ Long Life ❖ Normal ❖ High Power ❖ DVD Playback ❖ Presentation Although you can change the properties for any of these modes, this is not recommended. If you need a customized mode, create a new mode with the properties you require. The DVD Playback mode applies only when the WinDVD program is playing.

Creating a new power mode

1 Highlight one of the preset modes. 2 Click Create copy. 3 A new mode appears with the title “Copy Name” where Name is the title of the mode you copied. Delete this title, type in the name for your new power mode, then press Enter.

Customizing a power mode

1 Highlight the mode on the Power Save Modes tab window. 2 Click Details... The Properties window for the selected mode opens with the General tab displayed., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 197 This tab enables you to choose an icon for your power usage mode, describe the mode’s characteristics and, optionally, associate it with a program. The Name field displays the name assigned to the mode in the Power Saver Properties window. You can change the name here if you wish.

TOSHIBA Button Controls

The TOSHIBA Button Controls allow you to enable or disable the TOSHIBA Console and Internet buttons and the programs associated with them. Those buttons are located just above the function keys at the top of the keyboard. To access these controls: 1 In the TOSHIBA Console window, click TOSHIBA Button Controls. The TOSHIBA Controls Properties window appears., 198 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console Sample TOSHIBA Controls Properties window 2 Click the Buttons tab 3 Check the boxes for the TOSHIBA Console button and/or the Internet button. 4 Under Select a Program, make the desired selections. 5 Click Apply, then click OK.

Toshiba Hardware Setup

Toshiba Hardware Setup is the Toshiba configuration management tool. To access it: In the TOSHIBA Console, click the Toshiba Hardware icon., Toshiba Utilities TOSHIBA Console 199 Sample TOSHIBA HWSetup window The TOSHIBA HWSetup window appears with tabs for the following: ❖ Display — Allows you to select the built-in LCD and/or external monitor when the computer powers on. ❖ Boot Priority — Allows you to change the sequence in which your computer searches the drives for the operating system. You can also manually choose the Boot Priority by pressing the power button, then quickly pressing the F12 key, or the right or left arrow keys. Select the boot device by pressing the right or left arrow keys or the F12 key. Then press the Enter key. NOTE: Since the system is a quick-booting system, you must press the arrow keys or the F12 key immediately after pressing the power button., 200 Toshiba UtilitiesTOSHIBA Console ❖ Keyboard — Allows you to enable or disable the “wake- up on keyboard” feature. The feature allows you to “wake” the machine from Standby mode by pressing a key. ❖ USB — Allows you to enable or disable USB Legacy Emulation. ❖ LAN — Lets you enable or disable LAN features. ❖ General — Shows the BIOS version, and allows you to set BIOS defaults. ❖ Password — Allows you to set or reset a user password for the power-on process and for instant security. ❖ Device Config — Shows the Device configuration options. ❖ Parallel/Printer — Allows you to configure the printer port type. Choose the desired tab and accompanying options.,

Chapter 8 If Something Goes Wrong

Some problems you may encounter when using your notebook computer are relatively easy to identify and solve. Others may require help from your dealer, your network administrator or the manufacturer of a software program. This chapter aims to help you solve many problems by yourself. It covers the problems you are most likely to encounter. If all else fails, contact Toshiba. You will find information on Toshiba’s support services at the end of this chapter.

Problems that are easy to fix

Your program stops responding. If you are working with a program that suddenly freezes all operations, chances are the program has stopped responding. You can exit the failed program without shutting down the operating system or closing other programs., 202 If Something Goes WrongProblems that are easy to fix To close a program that has stopped responding: 1 Press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously (once). 2 Click the Applications tab. If a program has stopped responding, the words “not responding” appear beside its name in the list. 3 Select the program you want to close, then click End Task. Closing the failed program should allow you to continue working. If it does not, continue with step 4. 4 Close the remaining programs one by one by selecting the program name, then End Task. 5 Turn off your computer according to the instructions in “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 99.

Your program performs an illegal operation.

If you receive the message, “Your program has performed an illegal operation,” you should record the details of the message and consult the software manufacturer. To record the details: 1 Click the Details button and select the text the operating system displays. The Details button displays information that the software manufacturer needs to help you solve your problem. 2 Press Ctrl and c simultaneously to copy the text to the clipboard. 3 Open Notepad (click Start, point to All Programs, then point to Accessories and click Notepad). 4 Press Ctrl and v simultaneously to paste the details into Notepad. 5 Add a paragraph break and type some notes describing what you were doing when you received the message., If Something Goes Wrong Problems when you turn on the computer 203 6 Save the file and refer to it when you contact the software manufacturer.

Problems when you turn on the computer

These problems may occur when you turn on the power.

The computer will not start.

Make sure you attached the AC adapter and power cable properly or installed a charged battery. Press and hold down the power button until the on/off light changes to green. If you are using the AC adapter, check that the wall outlet is working by plugging in another device, such as a lamp.

The computer starts but, when you press a key, nothing

happens. You are probably in Standby mode and have a software or resource conflict. When this happens, turning the power on returns you to the problem instead of restarting the system. To clear the condition, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously. Clearing the condition may get the computer running, but it won’t solve a resource conflict. Read the documentation that came with the conflicting device and “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 207.

The computer is not accessing the hard disk or the

diskette drive. Your computer normally loads the operating system from the hard disk. If you have a hard disk problem, you will not be able to start the computer. Insert a system diskette into the, 204 If Something Goes WrongThe Windows® operating system is not working diskette drive, press the left or right arrow key and choose your boot-up device. HINT: Press F12 as you power on the computer to access the menu.

The computer displays the WARNING RESUME FAILURE

message. The computer was placed in Standby mode and the battery has discharged. Data stored in the computer’s memory has been lost. To charge the RTC battery, leave the computer plugged into a live wall outlet and turned on for several hours. For more information, see “Power and the batteries” on page 212.

The computer displays the Non-System disk or disk error

message. Make sure there is no diskette in the diskette drive. If there is one, remove it and press any key to continue. If pressing any key does not work, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del to restart the computer.

The Windows® operating system is not

working Once you are familiar with the desktop and used to the way the operating system responds to your work routine, you can easily detect if the operating system is not working correctly. For example: ❖ The operating system fails to start after the Starting Windows XP message appears. ❖ The operating system takes a long time to start. ❖ The operating system responds differently from the normal routine., If Something Goes Wrong The Windows® operating system is not working 205 ❖ The screen does not look right. Unless a hardware device has failed, problems usually occur when you change the system in some way such as installing a new program or adding a device. If you experience any of these problems, use the options in the Startup menu to fix the problem.

Using Startup options to fix problems

If the operating system fails to start properly, you may have to change your system’s configuration or verify the startup procedure to fix the problem. To do this, use the options in the Startup menu. This section describes each option and when to use the procedure. To open the Startup menu: 1 Restart your computer. 2 Press F8 when your computer starts. The Windows® Advanced Options menu displays these options: ❖ Safe Mode ❖ Safe Mode (with Networking) ❖ Safe Mode (with Command Prompt) ❖ Enable Boot Logging ❖ Enable VGA Mode ❖ Last known good configuration (your most recent settings that worked) ❖ Directory Services Restore Mode (Windows® domain controllers only) ❖ Debugging Mode ® ❖ Start Windows normally ❖ Reboot, 206 If Something Goes WrongThe Windows® operating system is not working ❖ Return to OS Choices (menu) See your Windows® documentation for further explanation. TECHNICAL NOTE: If your computer is connected to a network, the Startup menu may display different versions of Safe mode.

Internet problems My Internet connection is very slow.

Many factors contribute to the speed with which you can surf the Internet. They include: modem speed, time of day (when everyone else is surfing, your access can be slow) and popularity of the site. If accessing a particular site is very slow, try later.

My browser can’t find the URL address I typed in.

Make sure you separated the domain names of the address with the forward slash (/). Check the spelling of each name and the syntax of the address carefully. A single incorrect letter or missed character, comma instead of period (“dot”) or other mistake makes it impossible for your browser to locate the site.

My browser can’t find a site I bookmarked.

The World Wide Web is constantly changing. A site you bookmarked yesterday may not be available today or its server may be down for temporary repair. Try again later.

The Windows® XP operating system can help you

If the operating system has started properly, but you still have a problem using your computer, the online Help can assist you in troubleshooting the problem. To access Windows® XP Help and Support: 1 Click Start, then click Help and Support., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 207 The Help and Support Center window appears. 2 Then do one or both of the following: ❖ In the search field, type in the topic of the problem with which you need help and follow the on-screen instructions. ❖ Click a problem you would like help with from the listings and follow the on-screen instructions. You can connect to Support Online by clicking Support from the menu.

Resolving a hardware conflict

If you receive an error message telling you there is a device driver conflict or a general hardware problem, try using Windows® Help and Support to troubleshoot the problem first. For help on hardware conflicts: 1 Click Start, then click Help and Support. 2 Click the Hardware link in the window’s left pane. A list of category links appear. 3 Click the Fixing a hardware problem. 4 Choose from specific topics and follow the steps. If there is still a problem, the operating system should display a message that explains what the conflict is.

A plan of action

The smooth operation of the system depends on the successful interaction of all devices, programs, and features. If the system or one of its attached devices isn’t working, resolving the problem can be time-consuming and frustrating. The recommended procedure for getting multiple devices to work together is to add and set up one device at a time. After, 208 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict you add each device, test it to make sure it and all previously connected devices work. The device most recently connected to the system is the one most likely to be causing a hardware conflict.

Resolving hardware conflicts on your own

Computer components need resources to accomplish a task. A device, such as a disk drive or a modem, needs a channel to the computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU). It also needs a direct channel to the computer’s memory to store information as it works. These channels of communication are commonly referred to as system resources.

Interrupt Request Channel

The channel to the CPU is called an Interrupt Request (IRQ) because it interrupts what the processor is doing and requests some of the processor’s time. If two or more devices use the same IRQ, the processor does not know which device is asking for attention. This may cause a hardware conflict. NOTE: Some of the IRQs may be shared by multiple devices. This is called IRQ sharing and is normal.

Direct Memory Access

Similarly, the data required by the device is stored in a specific place or address in memory called the Direct Memory Access (DMA). The DMA provides a dedicated channel for adapter cards to bypass the microprocessor and access memory directly. If two or more devices use the same DMA, the data required by one device overwrites the data required by the other, causing a hardware conflict., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 209

Resolving conflicts

There are three things you can do to resolve hardware conflicts: ❖ Disable the device. For an older device, remove it from the computer. ❖ Disable another system component and use its resources for the new device, see “Fixing a problem with Device Manager” on page 209. ❖ Reconfigure the device so that its requirements do not conflict. Refer to the device’s documentation for instructions about changing settings on the device.

Fixing a problem with Device Manager

Device Manager provides a way to check and change the configuration of a device. CAUTION: Changing the default settings using Device Manager can cause other conflicts that make one or more devices unusable. Device Manager is a configuration tool for advanced users who understand configuration parameters and the ramifications of changing them.

Disabling a device

1 Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, Administrative Tools. 2 Double-click the Computer Management icon. 3 In the left pane, click Device Manager. 4 Select the specific device from the device category. 5 In the toolbar, look to the far right for an icon of a monitor with a strike mark through a circle on the front. This is the disable feature., 210 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict 6 Click the icon. You are given the option of disabling the device. 7 Click yes or no, whichever is appropriate.

Checking device properties

Device Manager provides a way to view the properties of a device. Properties include the name of the manufacturer, the type of device, the drivers installed, and the system resources assigned to the device. To check a device’s properties: 1 Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, Administrative Tools. 2 Double-click the Computer Management icon. 3 In the left pane, click Device Manager. 4 To view the device(s) installed, double-click the device type. 5 To view the properties, double-click the device. The operating system displays the Device Properties window, which provides an array of tabs. They include: ❖ The General tab, which provides basic information about the device. ❖ The Resource tab, which lists resources assigned to the monitor, DVD-ROM, DVD-ROM/CD-RW, diskette drive, and other power-using functions. ❖ The Drivers tab, which displays the drivers being used by the device. A Troubleshooting button is also present. Click troubleshooting. A Help and Support window for that device appears. For more information about Device Manager, refer to Windows® XP online help., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 211

Memory module problems

CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the memory module. Before you handle the module, touch a grounded metal surface to discharge any static electricity you may have built up. To avoid damaging the memory module, be careful not to touch its gold connector bar (on the side you insert into the computer). Incorrectly connected or faulty memory modules may cause errors that seem to be device-related. It is worthwhile checking for these first: 1 Turn off your computer according to the instructions in “Turn Off or Shut down command” on page 99. 2 Remove the memory module, following the instructions in “Removing a memory module” on page 51. 3 Reinstall the memory module, following the instructions in “Installing additional memory (optional)” on page 46, and making sure it is seated properly. 4 Check for the error again. 5 If the error recurs, remove the memory module entirely and check for the error again. If removing the memory module eliminates the error, the memory module may be faulty. If the error recurs without the memory module installed, the error is not caused by the memory module. TECHNICAL NOTE: You must have at least one memory module installed for the computer to work., 212 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict

Power and the batteries

Your computer receives its power through the AC adapter and power cable or from the system batteries (main battery and real-time clock (RTC) battery). Power problems are interrelated. For example, a faulty AC adapter or power cable will neither power the computer nor recharge the batteries. Here are some typical problems and how to solve them:

The AC power light does not come on when you plug in

the AC adapter and power cable. Make sure the AC adapter and power cable are firmly plugged into both the wall outlet and the computer. If the AC power light still does not come on, check that the wall outlet is working properly by plugging in a lamp or other appliance.

The AC adapter and power cable work correctly, but the

battery will not charge. The main battery may not be inserted correctly in the computer. Turn off the computer, remove the battery, clean the contacts with a soft dry cloth (if necessary) and replace the battery. The battery may be too hot or too cold to charge properly. If you think this is the probable cause, let the battery reach room temperature and try again. If the battery has completely discharged, it will not begin charging immediately. Leave the AC adapter and power cable connected, wait 20 minutes and see if the battery is charging. If the battery light is glowing after 20 minutes, let the computer continue charging the battery for at least another 20 minutes before you turn on the computer. If the battery light does not glow after 20 minutes, the battery may have reached the end of its useful life. Try replacing it., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 213

The battery appears not to power the computer for as

long as it usually does. If you frequently recharge a partially charged battery, it may not charge fully. Let the battery discharge completely, then try charging it again. Check the power options using the Power Management utility. Have you added a device, such as a PC Card or memory module, that takes its power from the battery? Is your software using the hard disk more? Is the display set to turn off automatically? Was the battery fully charged to begin with? All these conditions affect how long the charge lasts. For more information on maximizing battery power, see “Charging batteries” on page 121.

Keyboard problems

If, when you type, strange things happen or nothing happens, the problem may be related to the keyboard itself.

The keyboard produces unexpected characters.

A keypad overlay may be on. If the numeric keypad or cursor control light is on, press Fn and F10 simultaneously to turn off the cursor control light or press Fn and F11 simultaneously to turn off the numeric keypad light. If the problem occurs when both the keypad overlays are off, make sure the software you are using is not remapping the keyboard. Refer to the software’s documentation and check that the program does not assign different meanings to any of the keys.

You have connected an external keyboard and the

operating system displays one or more keyboard error messages. If you have a second keyboard, try it. If it works, the first keyboard may be defective or incompatible with your computer., 214 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict

Display problems

Here are some typical display problems and their solutions:

The display is blank.

Display Auto Off may have gone into effect. Press any key to activate the screen. You may have activated the instant password feature by pressing Fn and F1 simultaneously. If you have registered a password, press the Enter key, type the password and press Enter. If no password is registered, press Enter. The screen reactivates and allows you to continue working. The following display options are readily available on your system: ❖ built-in display panel only ❖ built-in display panel and external monitor simultaneously ❖ external monitor only ❖ external video device only (composite port) To open the display options window, press Fn and F5 simultaneously. To choose the desired option, hold down Fn and press F5 repeatedly until your choice is selected. To decrease or increase screen brightness you can use the hot keys Fn + F6 or Fn + F7. If you are using an external monitor: ❖ Check that the monitor is turned on. ❖ Check that the monitor’s power cable is firmly plugged into a working power outlet. ❖ Check that the cable connecting the external monitor to the computer is firmly attached. ❖ Try adjusting the contrast and brightness controls on the external monitor., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 215 ❖ Make sure the display choice is not set for the built-in screen only.

The screen does not look right.

You can change the display settings by clicking a blank area of the desktop with the secondary control button, then clicking Properties. This displays the Display Properties window. The Appearance tab of this window allows you to choose the colors for the screen. The Settings tab allows you to choose the screen resolution.

The built-in screen flickers.

Some flickering is a normal result of the way the screen produces colors. To reduce the amount of flickering, try using fewer colors. To change the number of colors displayed: 1 Point at the desktop and click with the secondary button. 2 Click Properties, and then the Settings tab. 3 Change the Colors option and click OK. For more information, see Windows® Help.

A message tells you that there is a problem with your

display settings and that the adapter type is incorrect or the current settings do not work with your hardware. Reduce the size of the color palette to one that is supported by the computer’s internal display. To change the display properties: 1 Point at the desktop and click with the secondary button. The Display Properties window appears. 2 Click Properties, then click the Settings tab. 3 Adjust the screen resolution and/or color quality. 4 Click OK., 216 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict

The display mode is set to Simultaneous and the external

display device does not work. Make sure the external monitor is capable of displaying at resolutions of 800 x 600 or higher. Devices that do not support this resolution will only work on your computer display.

Disk drive problems

Problems with the hard disk or with a diskette drive usually show up as an inability to access the disk or as sector errors. Sometimes a disk problem may cause one or more files to appear to have garbage in them. Typical disk problems are:

You are having trouble accessing a disk, or one or more

files appear to be missing. Make sure you are identifying the drive by its correct name (A: or C:).

Error-checking

Run Error-checking, which analyzes the directories, files and File Allocation Table (FAT) on the disk and repairs any damage it finds: To run Error-checking: 1 Click Start, then click My Computer. 2 Right-click the drive you want to check and click Properties. The drive’s properties box appears. 3 Click the Tools tab. 4 Click the Check now button. The Check Disk All Apps box appears. 5 You can choose one or both options: ❖ Automatically fix file system errors, If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 217 ❖ Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors 6 Click Start. Error-checking runs the test.

Your hard disk seems very slow.

If you have been using your computer for some time, your files may have become fragmented. Run Disk Defragmenter. To do this, click Start, then click All Programs, point to Accessories and System Tools, and click Disk Defragmenter.

Your data files are damaged or corrupted.

Refer to your software documentation for file recovery procedures. Many software packages automatically create backup files. You may also be able to recover lost data using utility software, which is available from your dealer.

Some programs run correctly but others do not.

This is probably a configuration problem. If a program does not run properly, refer to its documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets its needs.

A diskette will not go into the diskette drive.

You may already have a diskette in the drive. Make sure the drive is empty. You may be inserting the diskette incorrectly. Hold the diskette with the hub side facing down, and insert it so that the metal head window cover goes into the drive first. The metal cover or a loose label may be obstructing the path into the drive. Carefully inspect the diskette. If the metal cover is loose, replace the diskette. If the label is loose, replace the label and try inserting the diskette again., 218 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict

The computer displays the Non-system disk or disk error

message. If you are starting the computer from a diskette, the diskette in the drive does not have the files necessary to start the computer. Replace it with a bootable diskette.

The drive cannot read a diskette.

Try another diskette. If you can access the second diskette, the first diskette (not the drive) is probably causing the problem. Run Error-checking on the faulty diskette (for instructions, see “Disk drive problems” on page 216).

DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive problems You cannot access a disc in the drive.

Make sure the drive tray has closed properly. Press gently until it clicks into place. Open the drive tray and remove the disc. Make sure the drive tray is clean. Any dirt or foreign object can interfere with the laser beam. Examine the disc to see whether it is dirty. If necessary, wipe it with a clean damp cloth dipped in water or a neutral cleaner. Replace the disc in the tray. Make sure it is lying flat, label side up. Press the disc down until it locks on the spindle. Close the drive tray carefully, making sure it has shut completely.

You press the disc eject button, but the drive tray does

not slide out. Make sure the computer is connected to a power source and turned on. The DVD-ROM or DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive eject mechanism requires power to operate. To remove a disc without turning on the computer, use a narrow object, such as a straightened paper clip, to press the, If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 219 manual eject button. This button is in the small hole next to the disc eject button on the right side of the computer.

Some discs run correctly, but others do not.

If the problem is with an application CD-ROM, refer to the software’s documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets the program’s needs. The color of the materials used to make the disc can affect its reliability. Silver-colored CD-ROMs are the most reliable, followed by gold-colored CD-ROM. Green-colored CD- ROMs are the least reliable.

Sound system problems You do not hear any sound from the computer.

Adjust the volume control. If you are using external headphones or speakers, check that they are securely connected to your computer.

The computer emits a loud, high-pitched noise.

This is feedback between the microphone and the speakers. It occurs in any sound system when input from a microphone is fed to the speakers and the speaker volume is too loud. Adjust the volume control. Changing the settings for the Record Monitor feature in the Recording Control Utility (default Off), or the Mute feature in the Mixer Utility (default Enabled), may cause feedback. Revert to the default settings.

PC Card problems

PC Cards (PCMCIA-compatible) include many types of devices, such as a removable hard disk, additional memory, or a pager. Most PC Card problems occur during installation and setup of new cards. If you’re having trouble getting one or more of, 220 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict these devices to work together, several sections in this chapter may apply. Resource conflicts can cause problems when using PC Cards. See “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 207.

Card Information Structure

When you insert a PC Card into a slot, the computer attempts to determine the type of card and the resources it requires by reading its Card Information Structure (CIS). Sometimes the CIS contains enough information for you to use the card immediately. Other cards must be set up before you can use them. Use the Windows® XP PC Card (PCMCIA) Wizard to set up the card. Refer to your Microsoft® documentation for more information, or refer to the documentation that came with the PC Card. Some card manufacturers use special software called enablers to support their cards. Enablers result in nonstandard configurations that can cause problems when installing the PC Card. If your system does not have built-in drivers for your PC Card and the card did not come with an operating system driver, it may not work under the operating system. Contact the manufacturer of the PC Card for information about using the card under the operating system.

PC Card checklist

❖ Make sure the card is inserted properly into the slot. See “Using PC Cards” on page 182 for how to insert PC Cards. ❖ Make sure all cables are securely connected. ❖ Occasionally a defective PC Card slips through quality control. If another PCMCIA-equipped computer is, If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 221 available, try the card in that machine. If the card malfunctions again, it may be defective.

Resolving PC Card problems

Here are some common problems and their solutions:

The slots appear to be dead. PC Cards that used to work

no longer work. Check the PC Card status: 1 Click Start. 2 Click My Computer icon with the secondary button, then click Properties. The System Properties window appears. 3 Click the Hardware tab. 4 Click the Device Manager button. 5 Double-click the appropriate category for the PC Card being used. 6 Double-click the name of the PC Card device. The operating system displays your PC Card’s Properties window, which contains information about your PC Card configuration and status.

The computer stops working (hangs) when you insert a PC Card.

Remove the PC Card. If removing the PC Card doesn’t resolve the problem, try restarting the computer. If the computer still doesn’t work, contact the PC Card’s manufacturer.

Hot swapping (removing one PC Card and inserting

another without turning the computer off) fails. Follow this procedure before you remove a PC Card: 1 Click the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray., 222 If Something Goes WrongResolving a hardware conflict 2 Click Safely remove xxxx, where xxxx is the identifier for your PC Card. The operating system displays a message that you may safely remove the card. 3 Remove the card from the slot.

The system does not recognize your PC Card.

Refer to the PC Card documentation. Removing a malfunctioning card and reinstalling it can correct many problems. For more information, see “Using PC Cards” on page 182.

A PC Card error occurs.

Reinsert the card to make sure it is properly connected. If the card is attached to an external device, check that the connection is secure. Refer to the card’s documentation, which should contain a troubleshooting section.

Printer problems

This section lists some of the most common printer problems:

The printer will not print.

Check that the printer is connected to a working power outlet, turned on and ready (on line). Check that the printer has plenty of paper. Some printers will not start printing when there are just two or three sheets of paper left in the tray. Make sure the printer cable is firmly attached to the computer and the printer. Run the printer’s self-test to check for any problem with the printer itself. Make sure you installed the proper printer drivers, as shown in “Setting up a printer” on page 68., If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict 223 You may have connected the printer while the computer is on. Disable Standby mode, turn off the computer, and turn off the printer. Turn the printer back on, make sure it is on line, then turn the computer back on. Try printing another file. For example, you could create and attempt to print a short test file using Notepad. If a Notepad file prints correctly, the problem may be in your original file. If you cannot resolve the problem, contact the printer’s manufacturer.

The printer will not print what you see on the screen.

Many programs display information on the screen differently from the way they print it. See if your program has a print preview mode. This mode lets you see your work exactly as it will print. Contact the software manufacturer for more information.

Modem problems

This section lists common modem problems:

The modem will not receive or transmit properly.

Make sure the cable from the modem to the telephone line is firmly connected to the computer’s modem port and the telephone line jack. Check the port settings to make sure the hardware and software are referring to the same COM port. See “Determining the COM port” on page 170. Check the communications parameters (baud rate, parity, data length and stop bits) specified in the communications program. It should be set up to transmit at 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 28800, 33600 bps (bits per second) or, 224 If Something Goes WrongDevelop good computing habits higher. Refer to the program’s documentation and the modem guide for information on how to change these settings. TECHNICAL NOTE: Disable Call Waiting before you connect through the modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.

The modem is on, set up properly and still will not

transmit or receive data. Make sure the line has a dial tone. Connect a telephone handset to the line to check this. The other system may be busy or off line. Try making a test transmission to someone else.

Develop good computing habits

Make sure you are prepared.

Save your work frequently.

You can never predict when your computer will lock, forcing you to close a program and lose unsaved changes. Many software programs build in an automatic backup, but you should not rely solely on this feature. Save your work! See “Computing tips” on page 75 for instructions.

On a regular basis, back up the information stored on

your hard disk. Here are some ways you can do this: ❖ Copy files to diskette, following the steps in “Saving your work” on page 81. ❖ Copy files to your network partition. ❖ Connect a tape drive to the system and use specialized software to copy everything on the hard disk to a tape., If Something Goes Wrong If you need further assistance 225 Some people use a combination of these methods, backing up all files to tape weekly and copying critical files to diskette on a daily basis. If you have installed your own programs, you should back up these programs as well as your data files. If something goes wrong that requires you to reformat your hard disk and start again, reloading all your programs and data files from a backup source will save time.

Read the user’s guides.

It’s very difficult to provide a fail-safe set of steps you can follow every time you experience a problem with the computer. Your ability to solve problems will improve as you learn about how the computer and its software work together. Get familiar with all the user’s guides provided with your computer, as well as the guides that come with the programs and devices you purchase. Your local computer store or book store sells a variety of self- help books you can use to supplement the information in the guides.

If you need further assistance

If you have followed the recommendations in this chapter and are still having problems, you may need additional technical assistance. This section contains the steps to take to ask for help.

Before you call

Since some problems may be related to the operating system or the program you are using, it is important to investigate other sources of assistance first. Try the following before contacting Toshiba: ❖ Review the troubleshooting information in your operating system documentation., 226 If Something Goes WrongIf you need further assistance ❖ If the problem occurs while you are running a program, consult the program’s documentation for troubleshooting suggestions. Contact the software company’s technical support group for their assistance. ❖ Consult your network administrator. ❖ Consult the dealer or authorized Toshiba representative from whom you purchased your computer and/or program. Your dealer is your best source for current information. For the number of a Toshiba dealer near you in the United States, call: (800) 457-7777.

Contacting Toshiba

If you still need help and suspect that the problem is hardware-related, Toshiba offers a variety of resources to help you. 1 Start with accessing Toshiba on the Internet using any Internet browser by typing pcsupport.toshiba.com 2 Next, try one of Toshiba’s online services. The Toshiba Forum can be accessed through CompuServe® by typing: go toshiba.

Toshiba voice contact

Before calling Toshiba, make sure you have: ❖ Your computer’s model and model number. ❖ Your computer’s serial number. ❖ The computer and any optional devices related to the problem. ❖ Backup copies of your operating system and all other preloaded software on diskettes or CD-ROM. ❖ Name and version of the program involved in the problem along with its installation diskettes or CD-ROM., If Something Goes Wrong Other Toshiba Internet Web sites 227 ❖ Information about what you were doing when the problem occurred. ❖ Exact error messages and when they occurred. For technical support, call the Toshiba InTouch Center: ❖ Within the United States at (800) 457-7777 ❖ Outside the United States at (949) 859-4273

Other Toshiba Internet Web sites

toshiba.com Worldwide Toshiba corporate site computers.toshiba.com Marketing and product information in the USA www.toshiba.ca Canada www.toshiba-Europe.com Europe www.toshiba.co.jp/index.htm Japan http://servicio.toshiba.com Mexico and all of Latin America, 228 If Something Goes WrongToshiba’s worldwide offices

Toshiba’s worldwide offices

Australia Austria Toshiba (Australia) Pty. Limited Toshiba Europe GmbH 84-92 Talavera Road Handelskai 388 North Ryde NSW 2113 1020 Wien, Austria Sydney Australia Belgium Canada Toshiba Information Systems Benelux Toshiba Canada Ltd. (Belgium) B.V. 191 McNabb Street Excelsiorlaan 40 Markham, Ontario B-1930 Zaventem L3R - 8H2 Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark CHG Toshiba, s.r.o. Scribona Danmark A/S Hnevkovskeho 65 Naverland 27 61700 Brno DK2600 Glostrup Denmark Finland France Scribona TPC OY Toshiba Systèmes (France) S.A. Sinimäentie 14 7, Rue Ampère P.O. Box 83 92804 Puteaux Cédex 02630 ESPOO France Finland Germany Greece Toshiba Europe GmbH Ideal Electronics S.A. Leibnizstraße 2 109 Syngrou Avenue D-93055 Regensburg 176 71 Kalithea Germany Athens Greece Hungary Ireland Technotrade Kft. Toshiba Information Systems Szerencs utca 202 (U.K) Ltd. 1147 Budapest Toshiba Court Hungary Weybridge Business Park Addlestone Road Weybridge KT15 2UL United Kingdom Italy Japan Progetto Elettronica 92 s.r.l. Toshiba Corporation, PCO-IO Viale Certosa 138, 1-1, Shibaura 1-Chome 20156 Milano Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 105-8001 Italy Japan, If Something Goes Wrong Toshiba’s worldwide offices 229 Luxembourg Mexico and all of Latin Toshiba Information Systems Benelux America B.V. Toshiba de México S.A. de C.V. Rivium Boulevard 41 Sierra Candela No.111, 6to. Piso 2909 LK, Capelle a/d IJssel Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. The Netherlands CP 11000 Mexico, DF. 800-457-7777 (outside of the US) 949-859-4273 (within the US - this call may incur long distance charges) Morocco The Netherlands C.B.I. Toshiba Information Systems Benelux 22 Rue de Béthune B.V. Casablanca Rivium Boulevard 41 Morocco 2909 LK, Capelle a/d IJssel The Netherlands Norway Papua New Guinea Scribona Norge A/S Fujitsu (PNG) Pty. Ltd. Toshiba PC Service P.O. Box 4952 Boroko Stalfjaera 20 NCD, Papua P.O. Box 51 New Guinea Kalbakken 0901 OSLO 9 Norway Poland Portugal TECHMEX S.A. Quinta Grande Assisténcia Técnica ul. Partyzantów 71, Informática, Lda. 43-316 Bielsko-Biala Av. Moinhos no. 15A 01-059 Warszawa Ur. Quinta Grande Poland 2720 Alfragide Portugal Singapore Slovakia Toshiba Singapore Pte. Ltd. HTC a.s. 438B Alexandra Rd. # 06-01 Dobrovicova 8 Alexandra Technopark 81109 Bratislava Singapore 119968 Slovakia Slovenia Spain Inea d.o.o. Toshiba Information Systems (España) Ljubljanska 80 S.A. 61230 Domzale Parque Empresarial San Fernando Slovenia Edificio Europa, 1a Planta Escalera A 28831 (Madrid) San Fernando de Henares Spain, 230 If Something Goes WrongToshiba’s worldwide offices Sweden Switzerland Scribona PC AB Ozalid AG Sundbybergsväegen 1 Herostrasse 7 Box 1374 8048 Zürich 171 27 Solna Switzerland Sweden United Kingdom United States Toshiba Information Systems Toshiba America Information (U.K) Ltd. Systems, Inc. Toshiba Court 9740 Irvine Boulevard Weybridge Business Park Irvine, California 92618 Addlestone Road United States Weybridge KT15 2UL United Kingdom The Rest of Europe Toshiba Europe (I.E.) GmbH Hammfelddamm 8 D-4-1460 Neuss Germany,

Appendix A Hot Keys

Hot keys are keys that, when pressed in combination with the Fn key, turn system functions on and off. Hot keys have a legend on or above the key indicating the option or feature the key controls.

Volume Mute

Fn + This hot key enables/disables volume mute on your computer. When volume mute is enabled, no sound will come from the speakers or headphones., 232 Hot KeysInstant password security

Instant password security

Fn + This hot key blanks the display.

Without a password

The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates instant security. Using the pointing device or any key will make the display’s content reappear, if no password is set for the current user.

With a password

The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates instant security. If you set a blank screen saver, pressing the Fn + F1 key combination to activate instant security will cause the screen to go blank. Using the pointing device or any key will make the display’s content reappear. The Windows® operating system log-on screen will appear, prompting you for a password. After typing in the password for the current user, press Enter. To activate the password feature: 1 Click Start, Control Panel. 2 Click Appearances and Themes. 3 Click one of the following: ❖ Choose a screen saver in the “Pick a task” section. ❖ Display in the “or pick a Control Panel icon” section. The Display Properties window appears. 4 If you clicked Choose a screen saver, the Screen Saver tab has already been selected. If it isn’t selected, click the Screen Saver tab. 5 Click the On resume, password protected check box., Hot Keys Instant password security 233 6 Click OK.

Maintaining security when the battery isn’t fully charged

When the battery is not fully charged (even if the computer is operating on AC power) your display may reappear automatically after a short time. To protect your desktop, you must set up a screen saver with a password before activating the password feature. To set up a password with a screen saver, go to Windows® XP help for instructions: 1 Click Start, Help and Support. 2 In the Search field, type password screen saver. 3 Press Enter. 4 Click the Protect your files with a screen saver password link located under the suggested topics. Follow the steps listed in the Windows® help to set up your password-protected screen saver. To ensure the password protection is activated after pressing Fn + F1 (to activate instant security), wait ten seconds before walking away from the computer., 234 Hot KeysPower usage mode

Power usage mode

Fn + This hot key displays the power usage pop-up win- dow and cycles through the battery save modes. The power usage modes in the operating system under battery power are: Long Life, Normal, and High Power; DVD Play- back and Presentation Sample power usage modes The power usage mode in the Windows®operating system under AC power is Full Power only. The properties of each mode are set in the Toshiba Power Management utility. For more information, see “Power Management” on page 194., Hot Keys Standby mode 235

Standby mode

Fn + This hot key puts the computer into Standby mode. ❖ A message box is displayed by default to confirm that the computer is going into Standby mode. Click the check box to prevent the message box appearing in future. Sample standby confirmation box ❖ For more information about Standby mode, please see “Using Standby” on page 112., 236 Hot KeysHibernation mode

Hibernation mode

Fn + This hot key puts the computer into Hibernation mode. ❖ If Hibernation mode is enabled (the default) a message box is displayed by default to confirm the computer is going into Hibernation mode. Click the check box to prevent the message box appearing in future. Sample Hibernation confirmation box ❖ If Hibernation mode is disabled, this hot key has no effect. For more information on Hibernation mode, see “Using Hibernation” on page 105., Hot Keys Display modes 237

Display modes

Fn + This hot key cycles through the power-on display options. While holding down Fn, press F5 repeatedly until the setting you want takes effect. Then release the Fn key. NOTE: This hot key does not function while WinDVD is playing. The display modes are: ❖ Built-in display panel only ❖ Built-in display panel and external monitor simultaneously ❖ External monitor only ❖ Built-in display panel and external video device simultaneously ❖ External video device only Sample display options window In order to use a simultaneous mode, you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to match the resolution of the external display device., 238 Hot KeysDisplay brightness

Display brightness

Fn + The Fn + F6 hot key decreases the screen brightness. Fn + The Fn + F7 hot key increases the screen brightness.

Disabling or enabling the TouchPad

Fn + This hot key disables or enables the TouchPad. To use the TouchPad, see “Using the TouchPad” on page 65. Sample disable and enable TouchPad windows

Keyboard hot keys

Fn + This hot key turns the cursor control overlay on and off. Fn + This hot key turns the numeric overlay on and off. Fn + This hot key turns the scroll lock feature on and off.,

Appendix B Power Cable Connectors

Your notebook computer features a universal power supply you can use worldwide. This appendix shows the shapes of the typical AC power cable connectors for various parts of the world. USA and Canada United Kingdom UL approved CSA approved BS approved Australia Europe VDA approved AS approved NEMKO approved,

Glossary

TECHNICAL NOTE: Some features defined in this glossary may not be available on your computer.

Acronyms

The following acronyms may appear in this user’s guide. AC alternating current BIOS basic input/output system bps bits per second CD compact disc CD-ROM compact disc read-only memory CD-RW compact disc rewrite memory CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor COM1 communications port 1 (serial port) COM2 communications port 2 (serial port) CPU central processing unit DC direct current, Glossary 241 DMA direct memory access DIMM dual inline memory module DOS disk operating system DPI dots per inch DSTN dual supertwist nematic DVD digital versatile (or video) disc DVD-ROM digital versatile (or video) disc read-only memory ECP enhanced capabilities port EPROM erasable programmable read-only memory FAT file allocation table FCC Federal Communications Commission GB gigabyte HDD hard disk drive HTML Hypertext Markup Language IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers I/O input/output IRQ interrupt request ISP Internet service provider KB kilobyte LAN local area network LCD liquid crystal display LPT1 line printer port 1 (parallel port) LSI large-scale integration MB megabyte MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface PC personal computer PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, 242 Glossary RAM random access memory RFI radio frequency interference ROM read-only memory RTC real-time clock SCSI small computer system interface SDRAM synchronous dynamic random access memory SRAM static random access memory SVGA super video graphics adapter TFT thin film transistor USB universal serial bus URL uniform resource locator WAN wide area network www World Wide Web

Terms

The following terms may appear in this user’s guide.

A active-matrix display — A liquid crystal display (LCD) made

from an array of liquid crystal cells using active-matrix technology. Also known as a “TFT display,” in its simplest form there is one thin film transistor (TFT) for each cell. This type of display works well with notebook computers because of its shallow depth and high-quality color. Active-matrix displays are viewable from wider angles than most passive-matrix displays. adapter — A device that provides a compatible connection between two units. For example, the computer’s internal display adapter receives information from the software and translates it into images on the screen. An adapter can take a number of forms, from a microprocessor to a simple connector. An intelligent adapter (one that is capable of doing some processing) may also be called a controller. alternating current (AC) — The type of power usually supplied to residential and commercial wall outlets. AC reverses its direction at regular intervals. Compare direct current (DC)., Glossary 243 application — A computer program that you use to perform tasks of a specific type. Applications include word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems. See also program.

B backup — A copy of a file, usually on a removable disk, kept in

case the original file is lost or damaged. basic input/output system (BIOS) — See BIOS. baud rate — The speed at which a communication device, such as a printer or modem, transmits information. Baud rate is the number of signal changes per second (not necessarily the same as bits per second). See also bits per second. BIOS (basic input/output system) — Basic instructions, stored in read-only memory (ROM), containing the information the computer needs in order to check hardware and load the operating system when you start up the computer. bit — Short for “binary digit.” A bit is the smallest unit of information used by a computer. A group of eight bits is a byte. See also byte. bits per second (bps) — A way of measuring the speed at which information is passed between two devices. The basic measure used in modem communications, bps is similar, but not identical, to the baud rate. See also baud rate. boot — To start the computer. The term “boot” originates from bootstrap program (as in “pulling itself up by its bootstraps”), a program that loads and initializes the operating system. See also reboot. boot disk — See system disk. boot priority (startup sequence) — The order in which the computer accesses its disk drives to locate the startup files. Under the default startup sequence, the computer looks for the startup files in the diskette drive before checking the hard disk., 244 Glossary bus — An electrical circuit that connects the central processing unit (CPU) with other parts of the computer, such as the video adapter, disk drives, and ports. It is the pathway through which data flows from one device to another. See also bus speed, frontside bus. bus speed — The speed at which the central processing unit (CPU) communicates with the other parts of the computer. byte — A sequence of eight bits. A byte is the smallest addressable unit of data. See also bit, gigabyte, kilobyte, megabyte.

C cache — A section of very fast memory in which frequently used

information is duplicated for quick access. Accessing data from cache is faster than accessing it from the computer’s main memory. See also CPU cache, L1 cache, L2 cache. CD — An individual compact disc. See also CD-ROM. CD-ROM (compact disc read-only memory) — A form of high- capacity storage that uses laser optics instead of magnetic means for reading data. See also CD. Compare DVD-ROM. central processing unit (CPU) — The chip that functions as the “brain” of the computer. It takes information from outside sources, such as memory or keyboard input, processes the information, and sends the results to another device that uses the information. character — Any letter, number, or symbol you can use on the computer. Some characters are non-printing characters, such as a paragraph break in a word-processing program. A character occupies one byte of computer storage. chip — A small piece of silicon containing computer logic and circuits for processing, memory, input/output, and/or control functions. Chips are mounted on printed circuit boards. click — To press and release the control button or mouse button without moving the pointing device. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the left mouse button or primary control button, unless otherwise stated. See also double-click., Glossary 245 color palette — A set of specified colors that establishes the colors that can be displayed on the screen at a particular time. compatibility — The extent to which computers, programs, or devices can work together harmoniously, using the same commands, formats, or language as another. configuration — (1) The collection of components that make up a single computer system. (2) How parts of the system are set up (that is, configured). controller — A device that controls the transfer of data from a computer to a peripheral device and vice versa. For example, disk drives, monitors, keyboards, and printers all require controllers. CPU — See central processing unit (CPU). CPU cache — A section of very fast memory residing between the CPU and the computer’s main memory that temporarily stores data and instructions the CPU will need to execute commands and programs. See also cache, L1 cache, L2 cache. cursor — A symbol that indicates the current position on the screen. The shape of the cursor varies, depending on the program you’re using and what you’re doing.

D default — The setting selected by a program when the user does

not specify an alternative setting. device — A component attached to the computer. Devices may be external (outside the computer’s case) or internal (inside the computer’s case). Printers, disk drives, and modems are examples of devices. device driver — A program (called a “driver”) that permits a computer to communicate with a device. dialog box — An on-screen window displayed by the operating system or a program giving a direction or requesting input from the user. direct current (DC) — The type of power usually supplied by batteries. DC flows in one direction. Compare alternating current (AC)., 246 Glossary direct memory access (DMA) — A dedicated channel, bypassing the CPU, that enables direct data transfer between memory and a device. directory — See folder. disable — To turn a computer option off. See also enable. disc — A round, flat piece of metal, designed to be read from and written to by optical (laser) technology, and used in the production of optical discs, such as CDs and DVDs. Compare disk. disk — A round, flat piece of material that can be magnetically influenced to hold information in digital form, and used in the production of magnetic disks, such as diskettes and hard disks. Compare disc. See also diskette, hard disk. disk drive — The device that reads and writes information and programs on a diskette or hard disk. It rotates the disk at high speed past one or more read/write heads. diskette — A thin, flexible disk in a protective jacket that stores magnetically encoded data. Diskettes can be removed from the computer. Your computer uses 3.5-inch diskettes. document — Any file created with an application and, if saved to disk, given a name by which it can be retrieved. See also file. double-click — To press the control button or mouse button rapidly twice without moving the pointing device. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the primary control button or left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. download — (1) In communications, to receive a file from another computer through a modem or network. (2) To send font data from the computer to a printer. See also upload. drag — To hold down the control button or mouse button while moving the cursor to drag a selected object. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the primary control button or left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. driver — See device driver., Glossary 247 DVD — An individual digital versatile (or video) disc. See also DVD-ROM. DVD-ROM (digital versatile disc read-only memory) — A very high-capacity storage medium that uses laser optics for reading data. Each DVD-ROM can hold as much data as several CD- ROMs. Compare CD-ROM.

E emulation — A technique in which a device or program imitates

another device or program. enable — To turn on a computer option. See also disable. executable file — A computer program that is ready to run. Application programs and batch files are examples of executable files. Names of executable files usually end with a .bat or .exe extension. expansion device — A device that connects to a computer to expand its capabilities. Other names for an expansion device are port expander, port replicator, docking station, or network adapter. extension — See file extension. external device — See device.

F file — A collection of related information, saved on disk with a

unique name. A file may be a program, information used by a program, or a document. See also document. file allocation table (FAT) — The section of a disk that keeps track of the location of files stored on the disk. file name — A set of characters that uniquely identifies a file within a particular folder. It consists of two parts: the actual name and the file name extension. See also file extension. file extension — The three characters following the period (pronounced “dot”) at the end of a file name. The extension indicates the type of file. Examples are .exe for program files and .hlp for help files. See also file name., 248 Glossary folder — Also called directory. A container for organizing files saved to a disk. A folder is symbolized on screen by a graphical image (icon) of a file folder. A folder can contain files and other folders. format — (verb) To prepare a blank disk for use with the computer’s operating system. Formatting creates a structure on the disk so the operating system can write information to the disk or read information from it. frontside bus — The primary pathway (bus) between the CPU and the computer’s main memory. Also called “system bus.” See also bus. function keys — The keys labeled F1 through F12, typically located on the keyboard. Their function is determined by the operating system and/or individual programs.

G gigabyte (GB) — A unit of data equal to 1,073,741,824 bytes

(1024 x 1024 x 1024 bytes). See also byte. ground — A conductor to which all components of an electric circuit are connected. It has a potential of zero (0) volts, is connected to the earth, and is the point of reference for voltages in the circuit.

H hard disk — A storage device composed of a rigid platter or

platters that can be magnetically coded with data. Hard disks hold much more information than diskettes and are used for long-term storage of programs and data. The primary (or only) hard disk in a computer is usually fixed, but some computers have secondary hard disks that are removable. By default, the hard disk is referred to as drive C. hardware — The physical components of a computer system. Compare software. Hibernation — A feature of many Toshiba notebook computers that saves to the hard disk the current state of your work, including all open files and programs, when you turn the computer off. When you turn on the computer again, your work is returned to the same state it was when the computer was turned off. See also Standby, Suspend., Glossary 249 high-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that holds 1.44 MB of data. See also diskette. hot key — (1) A feature in which certain keys in combination with the Fn key can set system options or control system parameters, such as the battery save mode. (2) A key or combination of keys that activates a memory resident program. hot swapping — The ability to add or remove devices from a computer while the computer is running and have the operating system automatically recognize the change.

I icon — A small image displayed on the screen that represents a

function, file, or program. interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which only every other line of pixels is refreshed. Interlaced monitors take two passes to create a complete screen image. Compare non- interlaced. internal device — See device. Internet — The decentralized, world-wide network of computers that provides electronic mail, the World Wide Web, and other services. See also World Wide Web.

K keyboard shortcut — A key or combination of keys that you use

to perform a task instead of using a pointing device. kilobyte (KB) — A unit of data equal to 1024 bytes. See also byte.

L L1 (level one) cache — Memory cache built into the processor to

help improve processing speed. See also cache, CPU cache, L2 cache. L2 (level two) cache — Memory cache installed on the motherboard to help improve processing speed. It is slower than L1 cache and faster than main memory. See also cache, CPU cache, L1 cache. LAN (local area network) — A group of computers or other devices dispersed over a relatively limited area and connected by a communications link that enables any device to interact with any other on the network., 250 Glossary liquid crystal display (LCD) — A type of display that uses a liquid substance between two transparent electrode panels. When an electric current passes through the electrodes, the molecules in the liquid form a crystalline pattern that polarizes the light passing through it. A filter over the electrodes permits only non- polarized light to pass to the surface of the display, creating light and dark pixels. load — To move information from a storage device (such as a hard disk) into memory for processing. local area network — See LAN. logical drive — A section of a disk that is recognized by the operating system as a separate disk drive. A system’s logical drives may differ from its physical drives. For example, a single hard disk drive may be partitioned into two or more logical drives.

M megabyte (MB) — A unit of data equal to 1,048,576 bytes

(1024 x 1024 bytes). See also bytes. memory — Typically refers to the computer’s main memory, where programs are run and data is temporarily stored and processed. Memory can be volatile and hold data temporarily, such as RAM, or it can be nonvolatile and hold data permanently, such as ROM. A computer’s main memory is RAM. See RAM, ROM. microprocessor — See central processing unit (CPU). MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) — A standard for connecting musical instruments, synthesizers, and computers. The MIDI standard provides a way of translating music into a form computers can use, and vice versa. modem — Short for “modulator/demodulator.” A device that converts information from digital to analog and back to digital, enabling information to pass back and forth between digital computers and analog telephone lines. motherboard — The main circuit board in the computer. It contains the processor, memory, and other primary components. MS-DOS prompt — See system prompt., Glossary 251 multimedia — A combination of two or more media, such as sound, animation, and video in a computer program or presentation. Musical Instrument Digital Interface — See MIDI.

N network — A collection of computers and associated devices that

are connected by communications facilities. A network allows you to share data and peripheral devices, such as printers, with other users and to exchange electronic mail. non-interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which each pixel of every line is refreshed as the electron beam scans across and down the screen. Compare interlaced. non-system disk — A disk for storing programs and data that cannot be used to start the computer. Compare system disk.

O online — Available through the computer. Online may refer to

information being read from your own computer’s hard disk, such as online documentation or online help, or to information coming from another company on a company network or the Internet. operating system — A set of programs that controls how the computer works. Examples of operating systems are Windows® 98 Second Edition, Windows® 2000 and Windows® XP operating systems.

P palette — See color palette.

parallel — Processes that occur simultaneously. In communications, it means the transmission of more than one bit of information at a time. On your computer, the parallel port provides a parallel communications interface between the computer and an appropriate device. Most modern printers are parallel. Compare serial. password — A unique string of characters entered by a user to verify his or her identity to the computer or the network., 252 Glossary PC Card — A credit-card-sized expansion card designed to increase the capabilities of notebook computers. PC Cards provide functions such as modem, fax/modem, hard disk drive, network adapter, sound card, or SCSI adapter. peripheral — Any device, such as a printer or joystick, that is attached to the computer and controlled by the computer’s CPU. pixel — Short for “picture element.” The smallest dot that can be produced on a screen or printer. Plug and Play — Generally, refers to the computer’s ability to automatically configure itself to work with peripheral devices. When capitalized, refers to a standard that, when followed by a device manufacturer, allows a PC to configure itself automatically to work with the device. pointing device — Any device, such as a mouse, that enables you to move the cursor on the screen. port — A socket on the computer where you plug in a cable for connection to a network or a peripheral device. processor — See central processing unit (CPU). program — A set of instructions that can be executed by a computer. The general classes of programs (also called software) are operating system, application, and utility. See also operating system, application, utility. properties — The attributes of an object or device. For example, the properties of a file include the file’s type, size, and creation date.

R RAM (random access memory) — Volatile memory that can be

written to as well as read. By volatile, we mean that information in RAM is lost when you turn off your computer. This type of memory is used for your computer’s main memory. See also memory. Compare ROM. random access memory — See RAM. read-only memory — See ROM. reboot — See boot, restart., Glossary 253 removable disk — A disk that can be removed from a disk drive. A diskette is one example of a removable disk. resolution — A measure of the sharpness of the images that can be produced by a printer or displayed on a screen. For a printer, resolution is expressed in dots per inch (dpi). For a screen, it is expressed as the number of pixels available horizontally and vertically. restart — Synonymous with reboot. To reset the computer by reloading the operating system without turning the computer off. See also boot. RJ11 — A modular connector used on most U.S. telephone systems and direct-connect modems. The RJ11 connector is a 6- wire connector. ROM (read-only memory) — Non-volatile memory that can be read but not written to. By non-volatile, we mean that information in ROM remains whether or not the computer is receiving power. This type of memory is used to store your computer’s BIOS, which is essential instructions the computer reads when you start it up. See also BIOS, memory. Compare RAM.

S SCSI — SCSI is the acronym for Small Computer Systems

Interface. A single SCSI PC Card enables you to connect several SCSI devices, such as a scanner or digital camera to your computer. select — To highlight or otherwise specify text, data, or graphics with the intent to perform some operation on it. serial — Processes that occur one at a time. In communications, it means the transmission of one bit at a time sequentially over a single channel. On your computer, the serial port provides a serial interface between the computer and an appropriate device. Compare parallel. shortcut — See keyboard shortcut. software — See program. Compare hardware., 254 Glossary Standby — A feature of some Windows® operating systems that allows you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer on again. Suspend — A feature of some Windows® operating systems that allows you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer on again. system disk — A diskette that contains the operating system files needed to start the computer. Any diskette can be formatted as a system disk. A system disk is also called a “bootable disk” or a “startup disk.” Compare non-system disk. system prompt — The symbol (in the MS-DOS® operating system, generally a drive letter followed by a “greater than” sign) indicating where users are to enter commands.

T TFT display — See active-matrix display. U universal serial bus (USB) — A serial bus that supports a data

transfer rate of up to 12 Mbps (12 million bits per second). USB can connect up to 127 peripheral devices through a single all- purpose USB port. USB allows hot swapping of peripherals. See also bus, hot swapping, serial. upload — To send a file to another computer through a modem or network. See also download. URL — URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. It is the address that defines the route to a file on the Web or any other Internet facility. Generically, it is known as the World Wide Web site address. USB — See universal serial bus (USB). utility — A computer program designed to perform a narrowly focused operation or solve a specific problem. Utilities are often related to computer system management.

WV Web — See World Wide Web.

, Glossary 255 Wi-Fi — A trademarked term by the Wireless Capability Ethernet Alliance which stands for Wireless Fidelity. Wi-Fi is another term for the IEEE 2.11b communication protocol to permit an Ethernet connection using wireless communication components. World Wide Web (www) — The worldwide network of Web sites linked together over the Internet. A user of the Web can jump from site to site regardless of the location of the computer hosting the site. See also Internet.,

Index A light 34, 62, 122

AC adapter 58 Li-ion (lithium ion) 117 AC power light 34, 58, 62 monitoring power 122 Accessories programs 157 NiMH (nickel metal hydride) 118 adding power usage mode 234 memory 46 recharging 121 alarms remaining power 123 low battery 125 removing 126 audio CDs RTC (real-time clock) 118, 122 playing 86 setting alarms 125 audio features 178, 179 battery cover 37, 127 avoiding injury 39 latch 31, 37 removing 127

B buttons

battery CD controls 88 alarms 125 CD Player 92 changing 126 CD/DVD controls 27, 32, 35, 87, charge not lasting 213 88 charging 60, 121 DVD-ROM drive conserving power 124 eject 87 disposal 129 Internet 31 inserting 128 next track 36 installing 126 play/pause 35 power 31, Index 257 previous track 35 comfort primary control 32, 66 chair 40 secondary control 32, 66 lighting 41 Start 133 work habits 42 stop 35 command TOSHIBA Console 33, 80 Hibernation 100

C Shut down 99Standby 101

calculator 149 Turn Off 99 CD control buttons 88 communications CD Player control panel 92 network connection 172 CD/DVD control buttons 27, 32, 35, programs 97 87, 88 setting up 97 CD/DVDs system resources 208 caring for 96 via modem 97 inserting 90, 91 compact discs playing 86 inserting 91 removing 95 problem solving 219 viewing contents 94 removing 95 CD-ROMs computer using 86 cleaning 73 CDs 27, 32, 94 lock 73 inserting 91 moving 73 problem solving 219 non-system disk or disk error changing message 204 main battery 126 not accessing disk drives 204 channels placement 39 DMA 208 protection 38 IRQ 208 running on battery power 117 Character Map 150 setting up 43 charging turning on 61 main battery 60, 121 using at the office 169 RTC (real-time clock) battery 122 warning resume failure message checking device properties 210 204 cleaning work area 38 CD/DVDs 96 computing tips 75 computer 73 connecting diskettes 84 AC adapter 58 closing programs 148 external monitor 54, 169 COM port 170, 258 Index external speakers 181 Digital Versatile Discs 86 headphones 181 Disk Defragmenter 217 modem 97 disk drive power cable 59 corrupted/damaged data files 217 television 54 missing files/trouble accessing a to a network 98 disk 216 USB-compatible running slow 217 keyboard 57 disk/disc activity light 35 mouse 53 diskette drive 57, 83 conserving battery power 124 can’t insert a diskette 217 cooling vents can’t read a diskette 218 CPU 30 external 57 copying files to another computer 169 diskettes cursor control mode light 33 caring for 84 customizing cleaning 84 taskbar 163 copying files to 85 window toolbars 166 inserting and removing 84

D display 33doesn’t look normal/flickers 215

date and time external monitor not working 216 setting 154 external, adjusting 55 DC-IN 58 hot key 55 desktop 132 latch 60 browsing style 164 LCD 33 choosing style and browsing properties 153 options 164 screen is blank 214 creating new icon 133 television, connecting 54 creating shortcuts 149 display limitations 56 major features 132 display panel properties 152 opening 60 shortcut menu 136 displaying folder information 167 Start button 133 disposing of used batteries 129 System tray 134 DMA (Direct Memory Access) 208 taskbar 134, 146 double-click 66 Device Manager 209 downloading 176 checking properties 210 DVD-ROM 35, 96 disabling a device 209, 210 launch WinDVD 178 devices DVD-ROM drive 29, 86, 178 keyboard 57 inserting a disc 90 Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL) 174, Index 259 problems 218 exchanging files 169 removing a disc 95 expansion memory slot troubleshooting 210 cover 36 DVD-ROM/CD-RW external launch WinDVD 178 diskette drive 57 DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive 29, 86, 96, keyboard 57 178 external microphone can’t access disc 218 connecting 179 drive tray won’t open 218 external monitor eject button 87 connecting 169 light 35 not working 216 manual eject hole/button 88 external speakers 181 problems 218 troubleshooting 210 F DVDs 27, 32, 86 FAT (File Allocation Table) 216 playing 178 fax setting auto-receive 70

E fax function

email 176 enabling 71 emulating a full-size keyboard 80 setting up 70 environmental considerations 38, 39, files 134 40 backing up 76, 85 ergonomics copying to diskette 85 lighting 41 exchanging 169 posture 40 printing 82 seating guidelines 40 saving 75, 81 work habits 42 Fn key 32, 80 error messages assigning functions 189 device driver conflict 207 Fn-esse 188 general hardware problem 207 assigning keys 189 non-system disk or disk error 204, change/remove key assignments 218 191 problem with display settings/ drag-and-drop 189 current settings not working keyboard 188 with hardware 215 starting 188 program has performed an illegal using keyboard or pointing device operation 202 190 warning resume failure 204 viewing key assignments 191 Error-checking 216 folders 134 Ethernet LAN adapter 98 displaying information 167, 260 Index naming 142 moving to desktop 133 front panel 33 safety 23 function keys 32, 77 indicator panel

H keyboard 33system 32, 34

hard disk drive inserting cover 37 CDs and DVDs 91 light 34, 62 main battery 128 hardware conflicts 207 PC Cards 183 resolving 209 installing headphone out 27, 32 main battery 126 headphones memory module 46 connecting 181 Internal mode 216 Help 158 Internet 174 Windows XP 206 bookmarked site not found 206 Hibernation button 31 low battery 125 chat rooms 176 Hibernation command 100 connecting to 175 enabling 106 news groups 176 Hibernation mode 100 overview 173 methods 107, 108, 236 slow connection 206 hiding windows 145 URL address not found 206 hot key Internet Service Provider (ISP) 174 disabling/enabling TouchPad 238 IRQ (Interrupt Request) 208 display modes 237 display output settings 55 J keyboard 238 jacks keyboard overlays 238 microphone in 27, 32 power usage mode 234 Standby mode 235 K volume mute 231 keyboard 33 hot keys 231 character keys 77 hot swapping Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys 77 precautions 184 cursor control overlay 79 Hotkey utility 191 emulating full-size 80 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) external 57 174 Fn-esse 188 function keys 77

I hot keys 238

icon 133 indicator panel 33, Index 261 lights 33 Microsoft Windows XP 22, 131 not working 203, 213 minimizing 146 numeric keypad overlay 79 modem overlay keys 78 cover 36 unexpected characters 213 determining COM port 170 Windows special keys 78 port 28, 97

L problem solving 223, 224resetting port to default settings

LAN (Local Area Network) 171 adapter 98 upgrading 171 lights modem, using 97 AC power 34, 58, 62 modes battery 34, 62, 122 Hibernation 100 cursor control mode 33 Standby 101 disk/disc activity 35 monitor diskette activity 83 connecting 54, 169 diskette drive 35 not working 214 DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive 35 moving the computer 73 hard disk drive 34, 62 My Computer 135, 136 keyboard 33 numeric mode 34 N on/off 34 network system 32 accessing 172 lock slot 30 connecting to 98 New Connection Wizard 172

M Network Setup Wizard 98

main battery New Folder icon 142 changing 126 new text document 140 recharging 121 next track button 36 removing 126 Notepad 141 memory numeric mode light 34 adding 46 problem solving 211 O removing 51 object properties 152 memory module on/off light 34 inserting 49 online tours 160 microphone in jack 27, 32 operating system 22 Microsoft Internet Explorer 97 Microsoft Support Online Web site P 207 Paint program 143, 262 Index parallel port 28 on/off button 31 password problem solving 212 power-on 63 Power Management 194 PC Card running on batteries 196 checklist 220 power off CIS (Card Information Structure) guidelines 72 220 power usage mode 124 computer stops working 221 powering down the computer 99 eject button 30 options 99 errors 222 power-on password 63 hot swapping fails 221 precautions 42 inserting 183 presentations modem default 170 viewing on television set 177 not recognized 222 previous track button 35 problem solving 219, 221 primary control button 32, 66 removing 184 printer replacing 184 Add Printer Wizard 68 slots 30 problem solving 222, 223 using 182 printing a file 82 PCMCIA (Personal Computer problem solving Memory Card International AC power 212 Association) 182 accessing disk drives 204 play/pause button 35 battery charge doesn’t last 213 playing can’t access CD/DVD 218 CDs and DVDs 86 can’t insert diskette in drive 217 ports can’t read a diskette 218 COM 170 changing display properties 215 external diskette drive 57 checking device properties 210 LAN 28 compact discs not running modem 28 correctly 219 parallel 28 computer hangs when PC Card RGB (monitor) 28 inserted 221 USB 28 computer will not power up 203 power contacting Toshiba 225, 226 cable 59 corrupted/damaged data files 217 cable connectors 239 Device Manager 209 computer will not start 203 disabling a device 209, 210 light 34 disk drive is slow 217 monitoring 122 display is blank 214, Index 263 DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive tray using Startup options 205 doesn’t eject 218 warning resume failure 204 external display not working 216 Windows XP not working 204 external keyboard not working Windows XP won’t start 204 213 programs external monitor 214 closing 148 faulty memory 211 not running correctly 217 hardware conflict 207, 208 starting 81 high-pitched noise 219 Web browsers 174 illegal operation 202 properties 152 Internet bookmarked site not found 206 R Internet connection is slow 206 recharging keyboard main battery 121 not responding 203 RTC battery 122 keyboard produces unexpected recording characters 213 adjusting quality 180 missing files/trouble accessing a sounds 179 disk 216 Recycle Bin 155 modem not receiving or remaining battery power 123 transmitting 223, 224 removing no sound 219 battery cover 127 non-system disk or disk error 204, CDs and DVDs 95 218 main battery 126 PC Card 219 PC Cards 184 checklist 220 resizing windows 145, 147 error occurs 222 Restart command 100 hot swapping fails 221 RGB (monitor) not recognized 222 port 28 slots appear dead 221 RTC (real-time clock) battery 118 power and batteries 212 running the computer on battery power printer 222, 223 117 program not responding 201 program not working properly S 217 safety screen does not look right/flickers disposing of batteries 129 215 icons 23 system resources 208 precautions 42 trouble prevention 224 traveling 130 URL address not found 206 saving your work 81, 264 Index screen 33 Start button 133 blank 214 starting a program 81 doesn’t look normal/flickers 215 Startup menu Screen Saver tab 153 problem solving 205 SCSI (Small Computer Systems sticky key 187 Interface) 185 stop button 35 Search Engine 175 support for Windows 134 secondary control button 32, 66 System 157 security system indicator panel 32, 34 fitting a computer lock cable 73 System Restore 157 lock slot 30 System Setup 204 SelectServ 25 system tools 216 setting Disk Defragmenter 217 battery alarms 125 Error-checking 216 setting up System tray 134 AC adapter 58 communications 97 T computer 38, 43 taskbar 134, 146 date and time 154 customizing 163 printer 68 telephone line shortcut connecting the modem 97 creating 149 television menu 136 adjusting display 55 Shut down connecting 54 using 101 text file 140 Shut down command 99 tips on computing 75 sound toolbars .wav files 179 customizing 166 problem solving 219 displaying in a window 167 speakers Toshiba external 181 Accessories Information 24 stereo 32 Internet Web sites 227 Standby TOSHIBA Accessibility 186 low battery 125 TOSHIBA Button Controls 197 mode 34, 101 TOSHIBA Console 80, 192 Standby command 101 TOSHIBA Console button 33, 80 Standby mode Toshiba Forum 226 hot key 235 Toshiba Hardware Setup 198 Toshiba Media Player 89 Toshiba online services 226, Index 265 TouchPad 32 W disabling or enabling 66, 238 warranty using 65, 135 SelectServ 25 travelling tips 130 wav files Turn Off recording 179 using 101 Web address 139, 175 Turn Off command 99, 103 Web browsers 174 Turn Off methods 103 Web sites turning computer on/off 31, 61 Support Online 207 turning off the computer 72 surfing the Internet 175 tutorials 160 Web sites,Toshiba 227

U Wi-Fi

wireless networking 173 Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Windows 134 163, 175 windows uploading 176 hiding 145 URL (Uniform Resource Locator) repositioning 145 163, 175 resizing 145, 147 USB ports 28 Windows Explorer 143 USB-compatible Windows Help and Support 134 keyboard Windows XP connecting 57 mouse change date and time settings 154 connecting 53 changing the screen saver 152 using closing programs 148 modem 97 creating a new folder 142 PC Cards 182 creating a text file 140 TouchPad and control buttons 135 creating shortcuts 149 utilities desktop 132 Hotkey utility 191 Help 158, 206 Power Management 194 Help and Support 206 TOSHIBA Button Controls 197 opening a Web page 139 Toshiba Hardware Setup 198 problem solving 204 Recycle Bin 155

V removing objects 155

video features resizing or moving windows 145, exploring 177 147 volume control dial 27, 32 special features 162 volume, adjusting 182 starting programs 143 System Restore 157, 266 Index tours and tutorials 160 WinDVD 178 wireless features antenna 29 Wi-Fi 173 wireless networking 172, 173 Wizards Add Printer 68 Network Setup 98 New Connection Wizard 172 World Wide Web 174]
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